Military Review

British aces and their victims

During the Second World War, hundreds and thousands of fighter pilots from different countries fought in the sky on both sides of the front line. As in any field of activity, someone fought mediocrely, someone above average, and only a few had to do their job much better than others.

British aces and their victims


In the British Royal Air Force, the best fighter pilot of World War II is officially considered to be James Edgar Johnson - with 38 aircraft shot down, most of which were fighters.

Johnson was born in 1916 in the family of a police inspector. From childhood, he dreamed about the sky and even took private lessons in flying, but his path to extermination Aviation was not easy. Only in the spring of 1940 he completed training and was certified as a “qualified pilot” (in Western Europe, the Germans just started a blitzkrieg), after which he underwent an advanced training course and was sent to the combat unit at the end of August 1940. Then he was transferred to a fighter wing, which was then commanded by the legless pilot of the British Air Force legless Douglas Bader. Johnson opened his account of victories in May 1941, shooting down the Messerschmitt 109, and destroyed the last aircraft in September 1944 in the sky over the Rhine. And again it turned out to be Messerschmitt-109.

Johnson fought in the skies over France, escorting British bombers on their way to targets on the continent, or patrolling in the air along with other wing pilots.

He and his comrades covered from the air the landing of the Allied troops in Dieppe in August 1942, attacked ground targets after the Allies landed in Normandy in June 1944. The wing, which he commanded, worked hard ground targets and 1944-1945 winter's, contributing to the failure of the desperate German offensive in the Ardennes. From March 1945 to the end of the war, he commanded another wing, armed with the new Spitfire Mk. 14; his wing pilots in the last weeks of the war shot down all types of 140 enemy aircraft.

After the war, he continued to serve in command and staff positions in the British Air Force and at the end of the 1960-s, being already Vice-Marshal of Aviation and Commander of the British Air Force in the Middle East, he resigned.

By September 1943, when Johnson had only 25 airplanes on his account, he was awarded the British Order For Outstanding Differences in Service, the Cross For Outstanding Flight Merit, and the cross for it, and the American Cross For Outstanding Flight Honors. American award he received for the support to the aims of the bombers 8-th Air Force (VA) United States, operating from British airports.

It is noteworthy that during the air battles his plane was only once damaged by enemy fire, a fact that can be justly proud of.


Paddy Finucane, who had a downed 32 on his account, died on July 15 1942, when his plane, returning after completing a mission in the skies of France, had a machine-gun burst from the occupied Nazi coast over La Mansh. He was then 21 year, he commanded a fighter wing and was a national hero of England.

Paddy Finucane's father was Irish, his mother was English, and Paddy was the eldest of five children in the family. When he passed 16 years, the family moved from Ireland to England. As soon as they settled in a new place, Paddy began working as an assistant accountant in London. We can not say that he did not like his work - he had a talent for working with numbers, and later, already in service in the British Royal Air Force, Paddy used to say that after the war he returns to the accounting work.

And yet the sky and flying was in his blood, so as soon as he reached the minimum age - 17 and a half years, he has presented papers for entry into service in the Royal Air Force of Great Britain. He was accepted, sent to study and exactly one year later sent to the combat squadron. At the beginning of June 1940, he made his first combat mission to patrol in the sky over the French coast, from where the evacuation of the remnants of the British Expeditionary Force continued. In his first flight, he was so anxious not to lose his place in the ranks, that he did not have time to observe the sky.

The combat experience soon came, however, his first Paddy aircraft shot down only 12 August 1940 of the year. In the early morning operation "Battle of Britain" started a powerful blitzkrieg against the Luftwaffe airfields advanced fighter aircraft of the RAF and the radar located on the south coast of England. On that day, Paddy chalked up the Messerschmitt-109, and the next plane, the Junkers-88 bomber, was shot down along with another 19 pilot in January 1941. Shortly thereafter, Finukein was appointed deputy commander for the 452 flight operations of the Australian Air Force Fighter Squadron - the first Australian squadron in Europe that destroyed 9 of the enemy’s aircraft during the months of the fighting, damaged 62 and probably also destroyed 7 of the aircraft.

The appointment of Finucane to the Australian squadron was a sensible decision of the command. The Australians immediately became attached to the young Irishman, who was laconic, never raised his voice in conversation and was sensible beyond his years, having that natural charm which is characteristic of the Irish people. Anyone who spoke with him could not fail to appreciate the inner and almost hypnotic power of the leader emanating from him. Finukein, like any other pilot of the squadron, enjoyed the parties in the summer cafeteria with pleasure, but he drank a little and encouraged his subordinates to do the same. Sometimes in the evening, on the eve of the upcoming missions, it can stand alone in a bar and a summer dining room, lost in thought, slowly sipping tube. Then, without saying a word, he knocked out the phone and went to bed. A few minutes later, other pilots followed his example. He was far from religion - if you interpret faith in the usual sense of the word, however, he attended the Mass every time such an opportunity was given. Rough Australians sincerely respected him for such behavior.

The squadron's first combat contact with the enemy happened on 11 July 1941 of the year, and Finukain shot down Messerschmitt-109, recording the first victory on the squadron's account. In total, during the period from late July to late October 1941 18, he knocked «Messershmity", two more planes were destroyed together with other pilots and three aircraft damaged. For these successes, the pilot was awarded the Order "For Distinguished Service in the Service" and two slats to the cross "For Distinguished Flight Merit", which he received earlier.

In January, 1942, he was appointed commander of another squadron, and 20, February, 1942, when he and his wingman were storming the enemy ship near Dunkirk, a pair of Focke-Wulf-190 stepped on their heads, and Finucane was wounded in the leg and hip. Covered by his wingman, who by force of fire forced one enemy aircraft to make an emergency landing on the water, and the second to get out of battle, Finukein somehow crossed the English Channel and got on his airfield. He returned to service in mid-March 1942, and by the end of June he shot down another 6 aircraft.

Finucane explained his successes simply: “I was given a pair of good eyes, and I learned to shoot. The first requirement in combat is to see the enemy before he sees you or takes advantage of his tactical advantage. The second requirement - to hit the enemy when shooting. You may not have another chance. ”

15 July 1942, the Finucane's plane was fired from the ground and fell into the English Channel.

More than 3 of thousands of people gathered at the funeral mass in Westminster, telegrams and letters of condolence to his parents came from all over the world, including from the two best Soviet fighter pilots.

In far away

At 11 in the morning on 19 in January 1942, the ground staff of the British Air Force at Mingladon airbase near Rangoon (Burma), fleeing Japanese air raids in narrow trenches, overcoming the fear of being killed by a bomb, lifted their heads and watched a spectacular fight that took place hundreds of feet on top of their heads.

There, as if on a racing ground, the Japanese fighter Nakajima Ki was circling in circles. 27, a few yards behind which, like a tied one, was a Hurricane, whose machine guns hit the Japanese in short bursts. In the cockpit of the English plane was the commander of the squadron, Frank Carey, who spewed streams of curses. Carey saw his bullets tearing over the enemy fighter's batting over and over again, but the small, fidgety Japanese plane stubbornly refuses to fall. In the end he jerked, went into a shallow dive and crashed into the parking lot of British bombers "Blenheim", exploding and spreading apart of them. Then the English military doctors examined the body of the deceased Japanese pilot and extracted at least 27 bullets from it. It was almost impossible to believe that a Japanese pilot could fly his plane for so long with so many injuries.

For Frank Carey, it was the first combat aircraft shot down by him in the Asian theater of operations.

In his 30 years, Cary was significantly older than the average fighter pilot of the British Air Force. After high school, he had three years to work as a mechanic in one of the Air Force fighter units, then graduated from engineering courses and enrolled in flight training courses, which graduated with high marks in 1935 years. After he was sent to the position of pilot in the same part, where he once worked as a mechanic. He quickly made a name for himself by piloting small Fury fighter planes and performing aerobatic maneuvers on all sorts of air festivals, which was common for the British Air Force in the middle of the peaceful 30s of the 20th century. However, clouds are gathering on the horizon of the war, and the British fighter units needed something more modern, so in 1938, the squadron was re-equipped Carey on "Hurricane".

In the outbreak of World War I, his first enemy plane, the Heinkel-111, was shot down by Carey with another 3 pilot February 1940 of the year. A few days later he destroyed another Heinkel over the North Sea, and at the end of February he was awarded the medal “For Outstanding Flying Merit”. In March, he was promoted to officer and transferred to another wing, which in early May 1940 was transferred to France.

On May 10, the Germans launched an offensive against France, Belgium, and violent air battles broke out over Belgium and northern France. On that day, Carey shot down one Heinkel and damaged three other enemy aircraft. 12 and 13 in May, he shot down two Junkers-87 and reported on two more, “probably shot down.” 14 May he shot down the "Dornier-17". And the rear gunner of the German aircraft was shooting at Carey even when his aircraft in flames fell and damaged an aircraft engine Carey, wounding him in the leg. Despite his injury, Carey successfully completed an emergency landing near Brussels, and soon, having roamed through military hospitals, was discharged.

Carey with the same as he pilots of the downed aircraft found airworthiness freighter and flown to England where he was considered missing and probably dead. When Carey returned to service, the Battle of France campaign was almost over, and the Luftwaffe began to shift its activity to the other side of the English Channel.

19 June Carey knocked "Messerschmitt-109», in July - "Messerschmitt-110» and «Messerschmitt-109». Then, in August, when the “Battle of Britain” began, Carey knocked down two Junkers-88 and four Junkers-87, the last 4 vehicles were destroyed in one sortie. Soon he shot down another plane, but was wounded in battle and spent a couple of weeks in the hospital. When Carey was fully established and returned to service, his squadron was transferred to rest in the north of England. By this time, the Royal Air Force fighter pilots once and for all broke the hopes of the Luftwaffe to achieve air superiority over the British Isles.

On account of Carey was 18 downed aircraft for 6 months from grown from sergeant to the squadron commander and was awarded the medal "For outstanding flight merit", cross "For outstanding flight merit" and the bar to the cross. At the end of 1940, he was transferred to a combat training center, where he spent several months as an instructor, then he was appointed commander of a newly formed squadron armed with Hurricanes, who sailed by sea to Burma. By the end of February 1942, he shot down five planes in Burma, bringing his total score from the beginning of the war until 23 machines, and was awarded a second bar to the cross.

8 March 1942, the Japanese occupied the capital of Burma, Rangoon, and the main task of the battered British fighter units was to cover the retreat of the Allied forces, which the Japanese stubbornly squeezed to the north, to the border with India. Stretching to 40 for miles of columns of retreating troops, there were only a handful of British Hurricanes and P-40 groups of American volunteer pilots who started fighting with the Japanese back in China, long before Pearl Harbor. Eventually, Cary's squadron began to be based on Chittagong, where in May 1943, Cary's last confrontation with the Japanese occurred. Then Carey returned to England, graduated from aerial shooting school, after which he led fighter aviation training centers in Calcutta (India) and Abu Zubeira (Egypt), and met the end of the war by a colonel at the Fighter Aviation Center, where he supervised tactics.

According to official data, Carey ended the war with 28 downed aircraft, although the pilot himself believes that there were more. The problem is that if he shot down several Japanese planes during the long retreat of British forces in Burma in 1942 year, it is impossible to document, because the entire archive part has been lost or destroyed. Some historians believe that on the account of Carey 50 downed aircraft. If so, then Carey is the most efficient fighter pilot among all the fighter pilots of the British Commonwealth of Nations and the United States who participated in World War II. Unfortunately, no one will be able to confirm the above figure.


The best fighter pilot of the British Air Force - James Edgar Johnson. Normandy, 1944 year. Photos from

If we talk about George Berling (33 and 1 / 3 downed enemy aircraft), then applied to it the word "amazing" is probably an underestimation. Few are a born pilot, but Berling was one. He also showed himself to be disobedient and original, with disdain for the statutes and instructions, which often caused displeasure of senior officers and nevertheless brought him to the top of success in the air war. During the four months of fighting in the skies over Malta, he shot down 27 German and Italian aircraft of various types.

Burling was born near Montreal (Canada) in 1922. His path to the combat aircraft was rather winding. When he turned 6 years old, his father presented a model airplane, and from that time flying became the only hobby of young George. By 10 years, he had read all available books about the fighter pilot of World War I and spent all his free time at the local airport, watching the flight. The unforgettable first flight occurred shortly before 11 turned years: during one of the frequent excursions to the airfield, it came under rain and, taking advantage of the offer of one of the local pilots, took refuge in the hangar. Noticing the obvious interest of the teenager in the aircraft, the pilot promised to ride him on the plane - provided that his parents agree to this. George's father and mother thought it was a joke, and gave "good", and a few hours later George was in the air.

From this day on, all George’s thoughts were directed towards the same goal - to raise money in order to learn how to fly. He did not sit with folded arms - in any weather he sold newspapers on the street, made models of airplanes and sold them, took on any work. When he turned 15, against the will of his parents, he dropped out of school and began working to save money on training for a pilot. He cut his spending on food and other needs to an absolute minimum, and at the end of each week he collected enough money to pay for an hour of flight training. When he turned 16 years old, and there were more than 150 hours of flying time behind him, he passed all the exams for the qualification "civilian pilot", but then it turned out that he was too young to get a license. Berlinga did not stop it - he decided to go to China, who fought with Japan: the Chinese pilots were very necessary, and they didn’t really find fault with their age. He crossed the border into the United States, on his way to San Francisco, where he was going to make some money for a trip to China, but was arrested as an illegal immigrant and sent home.

In September 1939 year World War II broke out, and 17-year Berling filed an application for employment in the Canadian Air Force, but he was denied due to lack of required documents on education. Then Berling volunteered for the Finnish Air Force, who urgently recruited pilots due to the growing tension in her relations with the USSR, and was accepted on the condition that he would give her father’s consent, which was unrealistic.

Deeply disappointed, Burling continued his private flights, and by the spring of 1940, his flight time was 250 hours. Now he was thinking about early admission to the British Air Force and began attending night school, trying to adjust his educational level to the required standards. In May, he joined 1940 deckhand on Swedish merchant ship, which arrived in Glasgow, where he immediately went to the recruiting center in the Air Force. There he was told that to consider the issue of admission to the Air Force requires a birth certificate and parental consent. The steadfast Berling went to Canada by boat and a week later crossed the Atlantic Ocean, now in the opposite direction.

7 September 1940, he was selected for flight training in the Royal Air Force, and exactly one year later he was assigned to his first squadron, then was transferred to another squadron. In the end, he signed up as a volunteer on a business trip and 9 June 1941, along with his brand new Spitfire Mk. V was on the deck of the carrier "Eagle", headed for Malta. At that time, Malta was under combined blows by the German and Italian Air Forces, whose bases were in Sicily, only 70 miles from Malta.

The arrival of a Canadian in Malta in June 1942 was dramatic. He took off from an aircraft carrier and barely landed his plane on the Luka base strip, as the raid of German and Italian aircraft began. Berling unceremoniously dragged from the car and dragged him to the shelter, and he watched the scene with eyes wide open - here it is, finally, the present case, a real war. After so many years of efforts on the way to the cherished goal, he will soon have to fight the enemy and prove that he is really a cool pilot.

The battle began even earlier than he expected. On the same day, in 15.30, he and other pilots of his squadron were sitting in the cockpit of their aircraft ready for departure; the only clothes they wore were shorts and shirts, since putting on more bulky summer clothes could have caused a heat stroke on the hot Maltese earth. Soon they took to the air to intercept a group of 20 «Junkers-88» and 40 «Messershmity-109». Berling knocked down one Junkers, one Messerschmit, and unexpectedly appeared Italian fighter Mackey-202 damaged his machine-gun fire, and then got on the airfield to replenish the ammunition and fuel supply. Soon, he was again in the air over La Valletta, along with his comrades, who defended the 30 raid by diving Junkers-87 bomber on the English ships moored at the berths. Bomber raids covered German fighters in the amount of not less than 130 units. Berling shot down one Messerschmitt-109 and seriously injured one Junkers, the wreckage of which struck the propeller of the Beerling plane and forced him to plant a Spitfire on the belly near the steep bank. On the first day of the fighting, Berling shot down three enemy aircraft and two more "probably shot down." This was a promising start. Fierce air battles resumed in July, and already July 11 Berling shot down three "Mackey-202" and was presented to the medal "For Outstanding Flight Merit." Until the end of July, he shot down another 6 of enemy aircraft and damaged two; in August, he shot down one Messerschmitt-109 and, together with two other pilots, shot down Junkers-88.

Beurling's success was determined by three major factors - his phenomenal vision, excellent shooting and a preference to do his own thing as he sees fit, and not as written in the textbook.

Even before a trip to Malta, Berling was offered production to officers twice, but he refused, saying that he was not from the test that the officers were made of. In Malta, however, Burling unwittingly turned out to be the leader - his ability to see the enemy’s aircraft earlier than others attracted other pilots to him, like a magnet, where Berling is, there will soon be a fight. His bosses quickly figured out how to best use this powerful potential, and informed Berling that he would be promoted to officers, whether he liked it or not. Berling protested unsuccessfully, but in the end he made an officer’s uniform.

Malta was a nightmare for most of Berling’s colleagues, he also enjoyed every minute of his stay on the island and asked him to extend the business trip, for which he received the consent of his superiors. October 15 1942 turned out to be another hot and, as it turned out, the last day for Berling on the island. He attacked the Junkers-88 and knocked him down, but the shooter of the German bomber was able to turn on the plane of Berling and wound him in the heel. Despite his injury, he shot down two more Messerschmites and only after that left the plane with a parachute, splashed down to the sea and was picked up by a rescue boat.

Two weeks later, Berling was sent to England on a Liberator bomber. On the way to Gibraltar, where the plane was supposed to land for refueling, some sixth sense warned Berling about the impending catastrophe. In the face of strong turbulence, the aircraft began to perform an approach, while Burling took off his flight jacket and moved to a place near one of the emergency exits. The landing approach was unsuccessful - the landing gear only touched the ground on the second half of the runway, and the pilot tried to go to the second round. The climb path was too steep and the plane crashed into the sea from a height of 50 feet. When hitting the water, Berling dropped the emergency exit door and jumped out into the sea, managing to swim to the shore with his bandaged foot. In England, he spent some time in the hospital, and then went on vacation to Canada, where he was met as a national hero. Returning to England, he attended the awards ceremony at Buckingham Palace, where he received four awards from the hands of King George VI — the Order For Outstanding Differences in Service, the Cross For Outstanding Flight Merit, the medal For Outstanding Flight Honor and the bar to the medal.

Burling continued to serve as a flight commander, until the end of 1943, he shot down three Focke-Wulf-190 fighters over France, bringing his victory score to the 31 and 1 / 3 aircraft; 1 / 3 belonged to the "Junkers-88", shot down by him along with other pilots over Malta. In the summer of 1944, he was appointed an aerial shooting instructor, and at the preliminary exercises he hit everyone — first with consistently low shooting results, and after that almost 100% hits. Burling explained later that he initially tried to act as written in the instruction, but, not having achieved success, he returned to his method of pre-emptiness shooting, of which he was an unsurpassed master. At the end of the war, Burling officially transferred to the Canadian Air Force and commanded a squadron.

After the end of hostilities, demobilization followed, and Burling changed one job after another. He was absolutely not adapted to civilian life and longed to return to the hot excitement of battle and the brotherhood of fighter pilots.

At the beginning of 1948, his expectations began to seem to come true. Gathering independence, Israel, threatened by its Arab neighbors, was searching for planes and pilots throughout the West to defend itself. The Israelis were armed with “Spitfirers”, and Burling, following the example of some former Canadian Air Force pilots who had already been recruited as volunteers, offered his services, dreaming about how he would be back in the close and vibrating fighter cockpit.

These dreams did not come true. 20 May 1948, he had to take a plane with medicines from Rome to Israel; the day before, he, together with another Canadian pilot, took to the air so that Berling could practically get used to the new type of aircraft for him. Eyewitnesses observed how the plane made a circle over the airfield and went to land, missed the runway and began to sharply gain altitude for the go-around; after a few moments, he fell off and fell to the ground. Both pilots died.

George Berling was just 26 years old.


I can not say a few words about Richard Stevens, on account of which 14 aircraft shot down during the period from January to October 1941. Not the biggest score, but in this case it is important what kind of planes they are and under what circumstances they were destroyed. So, all the downed planes were German bombers (“Dornier-17”, “Heinkel-III” and “Junkers-88”), and they were destroyed at night by Stevens, who was flying on “Harricane” not adapted for night battles, not having onboard radar.

Stevens was assigned to his first extermination unit in October 1940, when the Luftwaffe began to transfer the power of its attacks from daytime raids to nighttime, and during one of those first nighttime raids his family died.

Stevens’s Fighter Squadron was designed to operate during daylight hours, and at nightfall, its combat mission simply went to naught. Night after night, when the enemy's bombers roared towards London, Stevens sat alone on the airfield, watched the blinding fires and the searchlight twinkling, and thought darkly about the "hurricanes" not suited for the night. In the end, he turned to the command for permission to a single combat sortie over London.

Stevens had one valuable quality — experience. Before the war, he was a civilian pilot and flew over the English Channel with a cargo of mail. About 400 hours of night flying in all weather conditions were recorded in his flight book, and the pre-war skills soon found a worthy use.

However, his first night patrols were unsuccessful - he did not see anything, although the flight director assured him that the sky was full of enemy planes. And then the night came from 14 on January 15, when he shot down his first two German bomber ... By the summer of 1941, he had become the best night fighter pilot, significantly ahead of the pilots who fought on radar-equipped fighters.

After Germany attacked the USSR, when the Luftwaffe removed a significant number of its bombers from the Western Front, there were fewer raids on England, and Stevens was nervous because he hadn’t seen the enemy’s bombers in the night sky for weeks. He began to ripen the idea, which was finally approved by the command - if you can’t find enemy bombers in the night sky over England, then why not take advantage of the darkness of the day, slip somewhere to Belgium or France and hunt for Germans over their own airfield?

Later, during the war, the nightly offensive actions of the British Air Force fighters over enemy bases became common, but in December 1941, Stevens was indeed the founder of a new tactical device. On the night of December 12, 1941, the “Hurricane” Stevens circled for about an hour near the German bomber base in Holland, but the Germans didn’t seem to fly that night. Three days later, he again went to the same goal, but did not return from the mission.
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  1. The comment was deleted.
  2. Andrey Yuryevich
    Andrey Yuryevich 14 February 2016 06: 37
    This is the master of his craft.
    1. Fitter65
      Fitter65 14 February 2016 06: 47
      The fact that there is no master dispute, but we must not forget about those who fought against the German invasion and their allies and on other fronts, World War II. You do not need to compare a simple soldier and an English politician ...
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. PKK
      PKK 14 February 2016 08: 00
      It turns out in England the same was his Maresyev, a pilot without legs.
      1. Stirbjorn
        Stirbjorn 14 February 2016 10: 08
        Quote: PKK
        It turns out in England the same was his Maresyev, a pilot without legs.
        Yeah, it’s strange that not a word about Douglas Bader about the article
        1. zennon
          zennon 14 February 2016 14: 56
          Quote: Stirbjorn
          Quote: PKK
          It turns out in England the same was his Maresyev, a pilot without legs.
          Yeah, it’s strange that not a word about Douglas Bader about the article

          He crashed in the winter of 31. It’s his own fault. He "survived" low above the ground. Both legs were taken away. In 1939 Bader managed to recover in KVVS. Without a controversial worthy person, but I would not put him next to Alexei Maresyev. crawling with gangrene in the winter through the swamps for 18 days! (Every day in Moscow I walk past the house where he lived-on Tverskaya). And Bader was just cowering. By the way, Maresyev is not our only pilot who flew without legs or legs. Leonid Georgievich Boulousov, Ivan Stepanovich Lyubimov, Malikov Ilya Antonovich Smirnov V.G., Sorokin Zakhar Artemovich. The Germans also had such pilots. Rudel, Hans-Ulrich (Rudel, Hans-Ulrich)
          After being wounded in the thigh, he continued to fly with a plaster cast on his leg. After another injury to Rudel, the lower part of the leg was amputated. Six weeks later, without a leg on a temporary prosthesis, he continued to perform combat missions, while knocking out at least 3 tanks. I was planning to write an article about these people, but a lot has already been said ... Here is a photo of Bader sitting down in the Spitfire. 1940, and above visiting schoolchildren in 1966.
    4. 73bor
      73bor 15 February 2016 01: 13
      Mistake, Pokryshkin fought in the bulk of the "Aircobra", Kozhedub ended the war on the La-7!
  3. Walking
    Walking 14 February 2016 07: 27
    According to Zefirov, the best British ace ace Marmadyuk Thomas Pattle - 50 victories, and Johnson only - 34. This is the latest research.
    1. Proxima
      Proxima 14 February 2016 11: 25
      Quote: Hiking
      According to Zefirov, the best British ace ace Marmadyuk Thomas Pattle - 50 victories, and Johnson only - 34. This is the latest research.

      "All my life" the British was considered the most productive ace Johnson. And here, on you! "Expert" of the liberoid sense Zefirov no longer knows how best to lick the ass of the British, because grants must probably be worked out. I wouldn't be surprised if he builds 200 more planes from Hartman. It all depends on who the money is coming from. I had to deal with the "works" of Zefirov - the utter abomination!
  4. bionik
    bionik 14 February 2016 07: 38
    Canadian aces of the two World Wars Captain Roy Brown (Arthur Roy Brown, 1893 - 1944) and flying officer George Burling (George Frederick Beurling, 1921 - 1948) during a meeting in Toronto.

    Captain Roy Brown won 9 air victories in 10 months spent at the front during World War I. Most famous for the fact that according to one version it was he who shot down the best ace of the First World War, Manfred von Richthofen (Manfred von Richthofen). George Burling, during his time in World War II, was particularly distinguished during the air battles over Malta. In total, during the war years he won 31 personal and 1 group victories.
    1. zennon
      zennon 14 February 2016 15: 09
      Quote: bionik
      according to one of the versions it was he who shot down the best ace of the First World War, Manfred von Richthofen.

      He really persecuted him, but he didn’t shoot him down. It is currently believed that Richtofen was killed by an anti-aircraft machine gun, possibly by sergeant Cedric Popkin of the 24th machine gun company. Popkin was the only machine gunner to shoot at the Red Baron before he landed. Richthofen was injured by a .303 British caliber bullet (7,7 × 56 mm R), the standard for the British Empire's small arms, which hit the chest from below from behind and went right through. Richthofen died a few seconds after the Australian soldiers ran up to him. His "Fokker" was not damaged during landing. Brown physically could not get into it like that.
  5. parusnik
    parusnik 14 February 2016 07: 47
    Thanks, which names did not know ...
  6. bionik
    bionik 14 February 2016 08: 06
    In the 1st photo (intro), Brendan Finucane, also known as Paddy Finucane, is in the cabin of his Spitfire. October 16, 1920 - July 15, 1942.
    1. Brewney
      Brewney 14 February 2016 15: 07
      The clover shamrock on board his spitfire received the nickname
      "Flying Shamrock" - "Flying Shamrock".
      The youngest squadron commander in the history of the British Air Force.
      He died at the age of 21.
  7. Koshak
    Koshak 14 February 2016 08: 12
    But why "victims"? Is this a mistake in translation or is the Luftwaffe white and fluffy?
  8. Aleksandr72
    Aleksandr72 14 February 2016 08: 12
    Among the pilots-aces of the British Commonwealth of Nations were not only British immigrants from the metropolis. One of the best aces was the pilot of the 488th New Zealand Air Force squadron, Jeffrey Fisken, who flew a Buffalo and shot down 7 Japanese aircraft on this type of fighter (according to other sources, he destroyed three A6M2, two G3M2 and one Ki-27), by the beginning of the war in Asia, he had a shot through lung, because of which he could not fly at altitudes of more than 3-4 km without oxygen equipment (and Buffalo did not have this equipment).
    Fisken Jeffrey Bryson
    Born in Gilsborne on February 17, 1916. In the 30s he learned to fly the Gypsy Moth. And his teacher was "Tiny" White - the most famous pilot in New Zealand at that time. At the beginning of the war, he was placed in the Air Force reserve, achieved enlistment in the Air Force only at the beginning of 1940.
    He graduated from flight school in January 1941, receiving the rank of sergeant. In February I was already in Singapore. Then at the Sembawang airbase, he took Australian Air Force courses and mastered Buffalo.
    In Kallang, these fighters just formed two squadrons - the 67th and 243rd and sent the New Zealanders there. There were few pilots with experience, mainly newcomers from New Zealand (all command posts were occupied by the British).
    In October 1941, Fisken was sent to Burma with the 67th Air Force, but a few days later he returned. And he was enrolled in the 243rd ae. He actively participated in hostilities against the Japanese, which began on December 8, 1941. Already on December 16, Fisken shot down Zero, and on the 29th, a "Japanese bomber" (the allies knew very little of the enemy's materiel and therefore, in the initial period, most victories were recorded that way). January 12, 1942 shoots down 97F, and two days later - Zero again. On the 17th of the same month, Navy 96Bs (and two more such aircraft in the group) were credited to his account. Five days later, he knocks down Zero.
    However, the tension of the battles was very high, and the "Buffalo" was significantly inferior in characteristics to its Japanese opponents, so the squadron soon practically ceased to exist. The remainder of the personnel was included in 453 (Australian) Squadron. In February, this unit was withdrawn from the front and sent to Australia.
    With other New Zealand pilots from 243 and 488, Fisken returned home at the end of March. However, the rest was short-lived and was soon called to Ohakea. Here, together with other Singaporeans, he formed the basis of the 14th squadron of the New Zealand Air Force (the first fighter squadron in the air force of this state). At the same time, Fisken received an officer's rank.
    The squadron was soon transferred to Masterton, where they mastered the Harvards, and soon the Kittyhawk. In April 1943, the unit was transferred to about. Espirita (New Hebrides). On June 11, the next stop was Guadalcanal. Already on June 12 (the day after the relocation) Fisken shot down two Zeros. And during a patrol on July 4 over Rendova, he shot down three planes at once: two "Zero" and "Betty".
    In September 1943, he was commissioned - by this time injuries received at the beginning of the war in Singapore began to affect.
    In total, he shot down 11 enemy aircraft (and presumably five more) and thus became the best ace of the British Commonwealth in the war against the Japanese. I wonder how many more Japanese planes Fisken could have shot down if he had not been commissioned. Even if flying on an absolutely outdated "Buffalo" with a shot through lung, Fisken fought on equal terms with the famous "Zero" A6M.
    Fisken flew this Buffalo:
  9. Bagnyuk selo
    Bagnyuk selo 14 February 2016 08: 51
    who will tell me, only honestly .. why did the Germans give a cross for 10 shot down in the west and only for 100 on our front? I honestly don’t understand ... who knows?
    1. Banshee
      Banshee 14 February 2016 09: 09
      On the Eastern Front, it was easier to lie and attribute. The fact is that both the German radio stations broadcast on England, and the English broadcast on Germany. And often both sides compared reports based on radio reports. On our front, of course, this was not. It was possible to shoot down 5 aircraft for departure each day, which some aces like Hartman did.

      In general, there is a very good book by Mukhin, "Aces and Propaganda". In it, these questions are very well disclosed. Including why the megaass of Germany, when transferred to the Reich air defense system, ended very quickly.

      Read, it will become clear.
    2. Shadowcat
      Shadowcat 14 February 2016 09: 11
      According to the reward statue in the Luftwaffe, a point system was used, roughly speaking, according to the number of motors. Given that the bombers fly for safety at night and have a larger number of engines, here is the answer.

      1 point - for the destruction of a single-engine aircraft, 2 points - for the destruction of a twin-engine aircraft and 3 points - for a four-engine aircraft. All points were doubled for fighting at night.
      In total, it was necessary to score 20m by the moyma of points.

      Oh yes, the Luftwaffe destroyed the USSR air fleet in the same way that the Ukrainian army had already cut out special forces, airborne forces and other parts of the Russian Armed Forces.
      1. aiw
        aiw 14 February 2016 12: 14
        Well, at the beginning of the Second World War, the losses we really had were colossal ...

        The Luftwaffe in 1941m already had a huge combat experience. Our Air Force had limited experience, in addition, some excellent pilots and Air Force commanders were simply shot before the war, such as Smushkevich. Well, without experience, and with the mess of the beginning of the war - of course the Germans fell our packs ...
        1. Shadowcat
          Shadowcat 14 February 2016 15: 42
          Quote: aiw
          such as Smushkevich

          In August 1940 he was transferred to the post of inspector general of the Red Army Air Force, and in December of the same year - assistant to the chief of the Red Army general staff for aviation.
          those. the person responsible for the preparation of the aircraft fleet, airfield, combat personnel, etc. etc.
          On June 8, 1941, he was arrested by the NKVD bodies of the USSR on charges of participation in a military conspiratorial organization, on the instructions of which, among other arrested persons, he carried out “enemy work aimed at defeating Republic of Spain, reducing the combat training of the Red Army Air Force and increasing the accident rate in the Air Force "

          For the remark, many of the researchers note that spring work was not carried out to disguise the airfields, plans were not drawn up on the topic of alternate airfields, etc. etc.

          those. for this bosses it is necessary to stroke the head, write off Zagibaenko as a technician?

          Quote: aiw
          just shot before the war

          Do you even check
          Arrested on June 7, 1941 / Yakov Vladimirovich Smushkevich / Lieutenant General / Assistant Chief of the General Staff for Aviation / Shot on October 28, 1941
          1. aiw
            aiw 14 February 2016 17: 46
            Oh, excuse me - the fact that he was only arrested before the start of the war and not shot, of course, it radically changes the matter!

            Disguising airfields would certainly radically change the situation, instead of taking aviation away from the border, you just had to plant a fir tree on the take-off and the war would go differently.

            EMNIP Goering, having learned that Smushkevich had been repressed, said "this is equivalent to the loss of one air division by the Russians."

            Well, Smushkevich was not the only one repressed.
            1. Shadowcat
              Shadowcat 15 February 2016 03: 25
              Quote: aiw
              instead of taking aviation away from the border

              Yeah right under Magadan. Nobody would have gotten there.

              Quote: aiw
              Disguising airfields would certainly radically change the situation.

              Maybe not drastically, but would reduce it by several times - Do you think from an airplane when it’s easy to get out of an all navigational device with a compass and a map with Christmas trees? You know, GPS wasn’t yet washed up, and the compass is not the most reliable tool.

              Quote: aiw
              Goering learning

              Goering just before this blew up the Battle of Britain, and he was in the spirit of some deputies - Beautiful statements, and execution zilch.

              And, yes, I openly declare that Smushkevich is a traitor and a traitor, like many other military leaders arrested in 1941. Specifically, in his case (oh yes, I managed to read in more detail) this is a massive sabotage in his area of ​​responsibility. This is, as disguise has already said, this is a supply, this is the devil who has gotten a sore mouth! Is it because of him and their like that our pilots signaled each other's wings, or on the ground they asked watermelons and cucumbers to bring (the highest luster of the cipher)?
        2. sibiryouk
          sibiryouk 14 February 2016 17: 14
          Not really about Smushkevich!
    3. Proxima
      Proxima 14 February 2016 11: 15
      Quote: BagnyukSelo
      who will tell me, only honestly .. why did the Germans give a cross for 10 shot down in the west and only for 100 on our front? I honestly don’t understand ... who knows?

      Because the postscripts on the Eastern Front were simply monstrous. On the Western Front, the "blond knights of the Reich" had almost no such opportunity, although they even managed to ascribe it.
    4. sibiryouk
      sibiryouk 14 February 2016 17: 12
      Russians were considered subhuman - 100 Ivanov = 10 John. The British almost Aryans just didn’t want to surrender, Hess was sent to prison!
    5. Kenneth
      Kenneth 14 February 2016 18: 51
      It will be easy to answer your question if you say which cross, in which year, according to what order or decree or circular. In the meantime, your question looks like a request to confirm the bike from the yellow press
  10. The comment was deleted.
  11. Roy
    Roy 14 February 2016 09: 47
    Yes, the British are brave and courageous fighters, but German, Soviet and Japanese pilots, fighting in more difficult and difficult conditions than the Anglo-Americans, proved to be much more selfless and skillful air fighters. It is a fact. confirmed by history.
    1. Zymran
      Zymran 14 February 2016 10: 30
      Og. What story? The British pilots defeated the Germans in the air battle for Britain. There will still be doubts about whose pilots were better?
      1. aiw
        aiw 14 February 2016 12: 17
        When winning the battle as a whole, the role is played not only by the pilots, but also by the material part, the balance of forces and military-political expediency.

        Hitler just switched east.
        1. Zymran
          Zymran 14 February 2016 12: 58
          Switched. Because he could not break the resistance of the British Air Force. The mat.part is approximately equal, well, Spitfires may have surpassed the Messerschmidts, but not by much.
          1. aiw
            aiw 14 February 2016 14: 03
            Consider also the industrial base, the availability of raw materials, etc.

            If Hitler had not switched east, HZ what would have happened to the Britons.

            English pilots undoubtedly well done, but do not overestimate their role. Only air, and now it’s impossible to defeat, and even then ... the effect of the bombing of the Luftwaffe was less than expected.
        2. igordok
          igordok 14 February 2016 13: 22
          Quote: aiw
          When winning the battle as a whole, the role is played not only by the pilots, but also by the material part, the balance of forces and military-political expediency.

          Could the British have won the "Battle of Britain" if the English Channel were dry land?
          1. aiw
            aiw 14 February 2016 14: 04
            If the English Channel were land, then the funds invested by the Britons in the Grand Fleet would be invested in land forces, and instead of a dunkirk and a battle for Britain, there would be a battle for Berlin.
            1. Shadowcat
              Shadowcat 14 February 2016 16: 11
              Stupid statement. Considering that the UK had colonies (of which raw materials sucked) in land access, it was necessary to invest not only in the fleet, but what did their fleet which pissed out of the harbors because of the small Kingsmarine submarine fleet?
              Hitler had invested in it, and not in battleships such as Tirpitz / Bismarck, the British state would have been even more fun because of a more severe blockade.
              1. aiw
                aiw 14 February 2016 17: 41
                We would read the 2MB story instead of writing nonsense ...

                Grand Fleet is generally like a min:

                1) blocked the fleet of the open sea, including drowned Bismarck

                2) Provided convoy wiring

                3) Engaged in PLO

                4) Actively fought in the Mediterranean

                This is an offhand, far from complete list.

                Germany invested in PLO quite strongly, but it did not help much. In particular, German acoustic electric torpedoes in terms of efficiency were even worse than usual. Such a German gloomy genius ...
                1. Shadowcat
                  Shadowcat 15 February 2016 03: 09
                  To be honest, I’m more in the land theater of operations, although I have some idea
                  Quote: aiw
                  blocked the fleet of the open sea, including drowned Bismarck

                  however GrandFleet suffered with him for almost three hours and the ship sank only because of the opening of the kingstones.
                  Quote: aiw
                  Provided convoy wiring

                  Afigenchik ... read about the famous PQ-17 that should have been escorted and how a little weaned to hear about Tirpitz (who at that time was disabled and just didn’t leave the harbors)
                  Quote: aiw
                  Engaged in PLO

                  They were also doing very well that Roosevelt said that we would build more and faster than the Germans would sink ships. Why build if the wolf packs were so cut off from PLO?

                  Quote: aiw
                  In particular, German acoustic electric torpedoes in terms of efficiency were even worse than usual.

                  And such naval powers relying more on the fleet like Britain and the USA were not too lazy to copy them. USSR made their own. This is about simple electrical.
                  About the acoustic Tsaunkönig, given the efficiency of hitting at 11% and the fraud created only in 1945 (the torpedo has been in service since 1943), it’s very good for the first production in the mine.
                  P.S. Moscow was not built in a day
                  P.P.S. RSs were also considered at first garbage, and then some countries had to urgently catch up
                  PP was just as considered nonsense, just a machine gun for the compartment and rifles. Exactly the same story with machine guns.
          2. veteran66
            veteran66 14 February 2016 17: 28
            Quote: igordok
            if the English Channel were land

            if grandmother had eggs, then she would ....
      2. The comment was deleted.
      3. Shadowcat
        Shadowcat 14 February 2016 16: 06
        Are there only pilots? What about radar / air defense?
        According to studies, balloons in the USSR rose many times higher than in London, and the density of anti-aircraft guns of various calibers was also higher.
  12. bionik
    bionik 14 February 2016 10: 49
    Quote: Stirbjorn
    Yeah, it’s strange that not a word about Douglas Bader about the article

    Douglas Robert Bader (Douglas Robert Bader). He won 20 victories in person, 4 in the group, had 6 personal unconfirmed victories, 1 - group, 11 aircraft damaged. First victory: June 1, 1940. He served in the 222nd and 242nd squadrons, commanded the Tangmer air wing; He fought in France, took part in the defense of Great Britain, in the operation of the English Channel. He flew on Spitfire and Hurricane. He was captured on August 9, 1941. He was awarded the Order of Outstanding Merit with an honorary ribbon and the Cross for flying combat merit with an honorary ribbon.

    Arrogant, self-confident, conservative and recklessly brave, Douglas Bader was one of the most famous fighter pilots of the past war. He graduated from RAF Cranwell College and played for the RAF national team in cricket and rugby. But most importantly, he was an excellent pilot and in 1931 he played in Hendon with the RAF aerial acrobat team. In December of the same year, flying at low altitude, Bader in his Bulldog crashed into the ground. As a result of his severe injury, his legs were amputated and he was fired from the army. However, Bader did everything possible and even impossible for his return to service, and on the eve of the war he was again allowed to fly. He started the war on the Spitfire with 19 Squadron, then, during the fighting at Dunkirk, he was transferred to 222 Squadron, where he won his first victory by shooting down Bf 109.

    In July 1940, Bader was appointed commanding officer of Squadron 242, largely battered during the French campaign, with mostly Canadians. Discipline at that time in the squadron fell sharply, but with the arrival of a new commander, this unit soon again became a formidable combat force. From the outset, Bader was firmly convinced that the tactical principles of Fighter Command were of little practical value, and that air combat would be primarily subordinate to the foundations laid down in World War I. Therefore, for himself, he formulated several rules: "The one who sets from the direction of the sun uses the factor of surprise. The one who occupies the dominant height controls the battlefield. And whoever got close to the enemy first, he shot him down."

    Flying with a squadron from the 12th Air Group, which was, in a sense, on the periphery of the "Battle of Britain", Bader had the opportunity to assess the course of hostilities from the outside. Soon enough, he noticed that the units of the 11th air group were flying out to intercept the enemy, as a rule, one by one. As a result, they had to fight with the overwhelming numerical superiority of the Germans. At the suggestion of Bader, the so-called. The "large air wing" consisted of three and then five squadrons, but in practice this did not bring much success. True, Bader himself during the "Battle of Britain" chalked up 11 downed enemy aircraft.
    1. bionik
      bionik 14 February 2016 10: 51
      In March 1941, he was appointed commander of an air wing in Tangmere, and everyone very soon felt this. It was mentioned above that it was Bader who introduced the "four fingers" formation, and, in addition, he made a much greater contribution to the development of combat tactics with the numerical superiority of the enemy than anyone else. Bader himself preferred to attack the enemy from below and from behind.

      "Taking a position to attack from behind, you get quite obvious advantages. You are not seen, but you, being slightly below the enemy, perfectly see the entire enemy plane, and not just its silhouette. And there are a lot of opportunities, whether to shoot at a bomber, or at its engines, or somewhere else. It is from below the plane is most vulnerable, "One hundred and ninth" is also not particularly difficult to shoot down, although, of course, it all depends on how you maneuver. The German pilot sits above the fuel tank, which has a shape pilot's seats. Obviously, there are reservations and all that, but, you know, I would hardly be calm, sitting on the tank with fuel! "

      As commander of the fighter force, Bader showed himself at his best, both in the sky and on the ground. Several months older than Malone, he was considerably more outgoing than Sailor. To some extent overly conservative, Bader was not very fond of being opposed, but, nevertheless, his social circle did not at all resemble the relationship between the king and the retinue. It can even be argued that the pilots of the air wing in Tangmere lived as one friendly family.

      The main distinguishing feature of Bader as a commander was his ability to inspire respect for himself. He taught his subordinates to take risks calmly and to allow it only within reasonable limits. So it is no coincidence that its wing was nicknamed the "bus route", on which there was a rule: "Everyone must have a return ticket."

      In the skies over France, on the eve of a difficult battle, Bader often let go of various irrelevant remarks in the air. So, for example, he could remark: "And this rookie who flies eighteenth can make faces, right?" The pilots' eyes widened with amazement, their mouths under oxygen masks stretched into an involuntary grin, but the tension subsided, and the pilots waited more calmly for a meeting with the enemy. Another memorable feature of Bader was his habit of smoking a pipe on the way back. In fact, no sane person would light a match in the Spitfire's cockpit, but such manner added weight to the myth of Bader's invulnerability. For those who have never flown in combat conditions, such facts simply defy understanding.

      Johnny Johnson of 616 Squadron wrote: “When the commander speaks and his calm energetic voice is heard, we understand very well that right now, here in the sky, we are connected with such closeness, which is rarely possible to feel on earth. Invisible threads of trust and comradeship unite us, and Douglas Bader will protect and preserve everyone during the flight. "

      The end of Bader's career came on August 9, 1941. On this day, he was shot down during a sortie on France and was captured. In total, during the war, he destroyed 20 enemy aircraft personally and 4 in the group, and another 18 were damaged. All his opponents flew on Bf.109. Douglas Bader retired in 1946, and died in 1982 from a heart attack.
  13. Cap.Morgan
    Cap.Morgan 14 February 2016 11: 37
    “Never before in the history of war have so many been indebted to so little.” August 1940, XNUMX ... ”- Winston Churchill.
    1. Zymran
      Zymran 14 February 2016 11: 50
      On August 18, it seems, just after the "Hardest Day" on August XNUMX, when the British pilots famously attacked the Luftwaffe.
  14. bed111
    bed111 14 February 2016 22: 35
    Quote: zennon
    Quote: bionik
    according to one of the versions it was he who shot down the best ace of the First World War, Manfred von Richthofen.

    At present, it is believed that Richthofen was killed from an anti-aircraft machine gun, possibly by Sergeant Cedric Popkin of the 24 machine-gun company. Popkin was the only machine gunner who shot at the Red Baron before he landed. His Fokker was not damaged during landing.

    Not certainly in that way. There is evidence of Popkin himself, who, after years, said that it was not his shot.
    A plane Richthofen, just, not weakly got pr and landing.
  15. iouris
    iouris 14 February 2016 23: 55
    I am interested in the following aspect related to the British flight system.
    In some sources there were indications that the duration of flight work was strictly limited. It was believed that the pilot's psyche was not able to withstand the load of more than a certain "scientifically grounded" norm, say six months or 100 sorties. Some German pilots spoke about this, who complained that, unlike the British and Americans, the Germans and the Russians fought from "ringing to ringing." Indirectly, this is indicated by the rather modest (in comparison with the Germans) number of shot down aircraft (14 ... 20), despite the fact that the Germans considered the pilot with 70 shot down planes to be quite ordinary.
    If so, then perhaps the British are right (regarding British pilots): pilots fight more efficiently.
    On the other hand, it is interesting to compare the British with the Poles, who, most likely, also fought "from bell to bell", since the Polish pilots did not have a "bench".
    1. sibiryak10
      sibiryak10 15 February 2016 14: 45
      National Geographic recently showed a documentary about American aces. So, it said that the American pilot, after a certain number of victories (14-20), became a hero and a public figure. They wrote about him in the newspapers, he traveled with advertising companies, "collected money for the war." And he had every right not to participate in hostilities, because the death of such a publicized hero could have a bad effect on the mood in society. Perhaps the British had a similar approach.
  16. Warrior2015
    Warrior2015 15 February 2016 22: 06
    Quote: Andrew Y.
    This is the master of his craft.

    Good day ! Where did you get the scheme of victories and planes of our aces? She sins with sheer unreliability!

    For example Kozhedub almost did not fight on the crude and unfinished aircraft La-5, he fought mainly on La-5 FN, and then on La-7.

    Pokryshkin did not fly the Mig-3 (he flew it a little at the beginning of the war and hardly won any victories), but he won most of his victories while fighting in the P-39 Airacobra, the most heavily armed and most comfortable fighter of the Soviet Air Force.

    Quote: zennon
    At present, it is believed that Richthofen was killed from an anti-aircraft machine gun, possibly by Sergeant Cedric Popkin of the 24 machine-gun company.
    Several bullets were found in the body of Richthofen, and apparently he was seriously wounded in the air and either killed by fire from the ground, or even more seriously wounded from the ground and crashed while landing.

    Quote: iouris
    Some German pilots spoke about this, who complained that, unlike the British and Americans, the Germans and the Russians fought from "ringing to ringing."

    Well, actually, in the Luftwaffe, they received leave until the 1945, without any problems, especially if there were combat victories. Holidays were 2x categories - regular, scheduled (if the situation allowed), and extraordinary, due to success in battle. But the Soviet air force (as in the whole army) fought without holidays.

    Quote: Banshee
    In particular, why the megaas of Germany, when transferred to the Reich air defense system, very quickly ended.

    Well, for starters to say so, you just look at the number of Hartman sorties (as a souvenir near 1400) and the number of battles (more than 830) and realize that he HAD the opportunity to shoot down at least 1 aircraft into battle, and he himself regretted, was not substituted.

    And over Europe are completely different conditions; there were other planes and a different tactic, about the skill of the Anglo-Saxon pilots (which the entire war was several times higher than the average Soviet (not Guards!) pilots, I do not say), and the planes were much more perfect. There it was more difficult for the Germans to fight.

    At the same time, there were superases who showed the same performance on all theaters, for example, the same Heinz Baer (220 victories) - he fought over France, and over Africa, and in Russia, then again over France, and then also on reactive Me-262 Scored a lot of heavy Anglo-Saxon bombers. And the example of Hartman and the same Rally — yes, the change of the theater of theater without proper preparation and without analyzing the situation — ended pitiably.

    By the way, a little-known fact, but the real one, the same Hartman was shot down about 8 times by the way (mainly in battles with Soviet fighters; Mustangs shot him down only 1 time), of which 3 times he was wounded or injured during landing. And many German "experts" were not just pros, but also mega-lucky ones who not only survived when shells hit their plane, but were able to successfully jump out with a parachute and not get captured - the same Baer was also shot down 10 times, but how did we remember the example of Marcel - corny unlucky with a parachute.
    1. iouris
      iouris 15 February 2016 22: 35
      The scientific organization of labor and military operations (in the West) presupposes the obligatory full and effective rest.
      Therefore, I did not mean holidays, namely, a complete ban on participation in hostilities after committing the number of sorties due to (contracted).
      So, in the US Air Force in Vietnam, I remember, there was a limit of 100 sorties (and all were sorties), after which the pilot returned to the States. Some were shot down on the 99th. It's a shame.
      The topic is relevant, given that the videoconferencing has been intensively working in Syria since October.