Military Review

Loss and return of the Far Eastern islands

53
In the fifties of the 19 century, Japan, taking advantage of the difficult situation in which Russia found itself during the Crimean War, decided to seize part of Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands from Russia. In January 1855, the Russian mission led by Rear Admiral E.V. Putyatin signed the Treaty of Simoda, according to which the border was laid along the Vault of Fries. Iturup, Kunashir and the Small Kuril ridge retreated to Japan, which pledged to maintain neutrality for this, but did not fulfill this obligation. Since Russia was at war with England and France at that time, it needed the neutrality of Japan.


The conclusion of a treaty on diplomatic and trade relations between Russia and Japan by the British and French was naturally met with hostility. Meanwhile, the Japanese appetites for the Russian lands more and more inflamed. In 1868, after the “Meiji Revolution” in Japan, a special department was established to colonize southern Sakhalin. In the 1875 year, under the Petersburg Treaty, Russia had to give up all the Kuril Islands, in exchange for Japan’s refusal of claims to Sakhalin. Not much time had passed, and the Japanese were already planning to seize Primorye, Kamchatka and Sakhalin. And in 1905, during the Russian-Japanese war on Sakhalin near Korsakov, the Japanese landed troops. For the expansion of the Russian island, 12 battalions, a squadron and a machine-gun crew with a total of 14 000 soldiers and up to 18 guns were involved. The landing force supported the 40 of sea vessels.

Loss and return of the Far Eastern islands

Japanese occupied islands


Detachments of Russian soldiers and squads of deportees, headed by personnel officers, put up stubborn resistance to the invaders. However, the forces were unequal. In the very first days of the battles, the governor of Sakhalin, General Lyapunov, together with his staff, surrendered, and this decided the outcome of the struggle. 25 August 1905 Russia, under pressure from the United States, signed the unjust Portsmouth Treaty, under which the southern part of Sakhalin was lost. Russia lost in the east to the ocean.

In November 1918, admiral Kolchak was proclaimed the “supreme ruler” of Siberia. The Kolchak government intended to restore penal servitude on Sakhalin. But did not have time. Although the archival documents were found evidence of their atrocities, including on Sakhalin. 14 July 1919, the punitive detachment on the steamer "Fuse" arrived in the city of Aleksandrovsk. The trial of the Bolsheviks was perpetrated on this vessel, after which they were shot there.

The Japanese enjoyed the civil war in Russia in their own interests. In exchange for military and economic assistance to Kolchak, they demanded that they be given the right to exploit the natural resources of northern Sakhalin, hoping over time to occupy this part of the island.


Representatives of foreign missions in the courtyard of the State Bank building
after inspection of the gold reserve. Omsk, summer 1919 g. First row from left to right sixth I.I. Sukin.


Foreign Minister of the Kolchak government, Sukin, wrote a telegram from Tokyo to Foreign Minister Sazonov: “We take into account the need to meet Japanese aspirations, especially with respect to Sakhalin ... But we consider it necessary to make this dependent on negotiations with Japan to find out how our relationship with the latter is, so and receiving military and economic assistance. " But by the end of 1919, the Kolchak army had been destroyed by the Red Army.

In 1920, citing an alleged threat to the Japanese nationals of southern Sakhalin, the commander of the Japanese fleet Admiral Hiroharu Kato sent the battleship Mikaso and the cruiser Misimi to the shores of northern Sakhalin, and in April a two-thousand-strong detachment of the Japanese landed in the port of Alexander, capturing the city. Thus began the occupation of the northern part of Sakhalin Island. The Russian population was considered as the population of a conquered country, with all the ensuing consequences. The situation of small nationalities was especially difficult. From starvation and disease, whole camps and villages died out.

In 1925, as a result of internal turmoil in the country, Japan signed an agreement on the transfer of northern Sakhalin to Soviet Russia.

Having practically defeated fascist Germany, on April 5 of the year of the USSR 1945, the USSR denounced the treaty of neutrality with Japan, which unceremoniously violated it. 8 August 1945 was presented to the Japanese ambassador in Moscow that the Soviet Union considered itself at war with Japan and August 11 of the compound and part of the 56 Infantry Corps of the 16 Army under the command of Major General A.A. Dyakonov moved to active hostilities. Persistent battles began for the acquisition of strongholds in the area of ​​the post of Handas for access to the front edge of the main defensive line of the enemy - the Haramitogsky fortified area. At the same time, bypass actions of the 179 Infantry Regiment from the southeast through Muika (p. Pervomayskoye) captured the Coton railway station (Pobedino station) to strike from the rear in the fortified area of ​​the enemy.

The Japanese had strongholds along the entire Soviet border along the fiftieth parallel. The Haramitoghon fortified area had 17 reinforced concrete pillboxes, 31 artillery and 108 machine gun bunkers, 28 artillery and 18 mortar positions, to 150 shelters, wire barriers, minefields and anti-tank ditches. The area near the fortified area was completely covered with forest and swamps.

In the morning of August 16, 1945, units of the 79th Infantry Division in cooperation with the 255th aviation the division attacked the enemy’s powerful fortifications from the front and from the rear. The Japanese put up stubborn resistance, turned into counterattacks. They held every meter of land under fire. Particularly stubbornly resisted machine gunners - suicide bombers, often chained in reinforced concrete casemates. In battles on the outskirts of the fortified area, the sergeant of the 165th Rifle Regiment, Sakhalin resident Anton Efimovich Buyukly, fought heroically against the enemy. When, due to the continuous machine-gun fire from the Japanese bunker, the company’s advance was delayed, Buyukly crawled through the open area to the bunker and covered his embrasure with his body, thereby opening the way for the attacking unit.


Hero of the Soviet Union, Sergeant Anton Eufimovich Buyukly


The assault on the fortified positions of the enemy lasted for three days. Much of the Japanese fortifications were destroyed. By the end of August 18, the Soviet soldiers, having broken the fierce resistance of the Japanese troops and divided their defenses into two isolated groups, seized the Kharamitog fortified area. The Japanese command capitulated. The remains of a garrison of more than three thousand soldiers and officers surrendered.

The heroic raid to the rear of the enemy on the roads and swamps in order to master the Coton railway station made the third battalion of the 179 Infantry Regiment under the command of captain Leonid Vladimirovich Smirnykh. His battalion, being on the most critical sectors of the battle, with bold and decisive actions, broke the resistance of the enemy, repulsed several counterattacks and successfully completed the task. But the battalion commander died the death of the brave.


Hero of the Soviet Union, captain Leonid Vladimirovich Smirnykh


At this time, the fierce battles of our landing with the Japanese aggressors continued on the west coast. The ports of Toro (Shakhtersk), Esutoru (Uglegorsk), Maoko (Kholmsk) were all on fire. A bloody battle broke out on Kamyshevoy pass, where the Japanese had shot every meter of terrain. Therefore, the Soviet troops had to fight for every mound, every piece of land. On August 24, the avant-garde units of the 56 Corps under the command of Major General Alimov entered the city of Toyohara (Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk). 25 August 1945, the troops of the Second Far Eastern Front completed the liberation of the entire southern half of Sakhalin Island from the Japanese invaders.

But the Kuril Islands were still occupied by the Japanese. The battles for their release were difficult. Over the long period of occupation, a great many coastal batteries, bunkers, bunkers, underground galleries, trenches, trenches, minefields and wire fences were built here. The northernmost islands of Shumshu and Paramushir were especially fortified. The enemy concentrated a significant number of troops and tanks. The battles for Shumshu Island lasted five days. Immortal feats in the battles for the liberation of the Soviet land were made by foreman of the first article Nikolai Vilkov and sailor Pyotr Ilyichev, both of them repeated the feat of Alexander Matrosov (nee Shakirzyan Mukhametzyanov). At the same time, they covered two embrasures of the Japanese bunker with their bodies.

August 30 Commander of the Kuril assault operation, Major General A.R. Gnechko reported to the front commander: "The Kuril Islands have been liberated and returned to our Homeland." In accordance with the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, “since 20 September 1945, all the land with its subsoil, forests and plants in the southern part of Sakhalin Island and the Kuril Islands is state property, that is, the national property.”


Sakhalin Island, Menaputsy Cape


And today, looking over the map of Sakhalin and the Kuriles, we see in the names of many villages and cities the names of those who discovered, mastered and liberated these glorious Russian islands without sparing their stomach, for the good of the Fatherland.

Sources:
E.Y. Feinberg. "Russo-Japanese Relations in 1697-1875's." M., 1960.
ON. Levitsky. "Russo-Japanese War 1904-1905's." M., 1938.
V.N. Bagrov. "South Sakhalin and Kuril operations". M., 1959.
L.N. Vnotchenko. "Victory in the Far East". M., 1966.
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  1. Dembel77
    Dembel77 12 February 2016 07: 02
    18
    It would be nice when our original Russian territories would not have to be beaten back, pouring them with the blood of our heroes. All the same, you will agree that the modern operation to return Crimea to Russia can be considered one of the most bloodless and, therefore, one of the most competent operations. Would it be possible to return Alaska in the same way, quietly?
    1. JACTUS RECTUS
      JACTUS RECTUS 12 February 2016 15: 12
      +1
      What patriotism is this cheers for ??? ??? For your information in Sakhalin, the separatist and para-genic moods are very strong, give them to Japan to the best of our ability or stop squeezing everything out of Sakhalin !!! Moscow is treated like a different state, of course it all ignorance, but it is a fact.
      1. John j
        John j 12 February 2016 23: 50
        +4
        "Give us to Japan ...". I don't think that if Sakhalin goes to Japan, Japan will leave the Russians on Sakhalin. "Suitcase, station, Russia" - this is perhaps the softest option.
        1. JACTUS RECTUS
          JACTUS RECTUS 13 February 2016 03: 01
          +2
          It will be so. But try to explain it to our iPhones and boobies ...
      2. svedsl777
        svedsl777 13 February 2016 00: 18
        +1
        I served on Sakhalin in the 90s. it was shitty, to say the least, and local people did not express such thoughts (and many people served from Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk)
    2. Rastas
      Rastas 12 February 2016 19: 29
      11
      Does Alaska want to be "ours"? Did you ask the people there? Or will you conquer and shoot those who disagree? Will you go to recapture yourself, sofa warriors? If not, then end useless and stupid calls. Should we put an end to the mess on our territory?
  2. V.ic
    V.ic 12 February 2016 07: 20
    +2
    Captain Leonid Vladimirovich Smirnykh Author Mangel Olys

    1945, and in the photo there is a "sleeper" in the buttonhole. Probably photographed after being awarded the next military rank "captain" and no later than 1943. But in epaulettes he was not worthy to be photographed. But it is clear that he served in the Red Army.
    1. Mangel olys
      12 February 2016 07: 23
      0
      Quote: V.ic
      1945, and in the photo there is a "sleeper" in the buttonhole. Probably photographed after being awarded the next military rank "captain" and no later than 1943. But in epaulettes he was not worthy to be photographed. But it is clear that he served in the Red Army.

      A strange comment for an intelligent person ...
      1. V.ic
        V.ic 12 February 2016 08: 45
        +5
        Quote: Mangel Olys
        Strange comment

        I am writing what I observe. What I am not observing is not writing (navigational rule).
        Quote: Mangel Olys
        for an intelligent person ...

        ... well, don’t flatter ... laughing (soft version);
        ... from the smart I hear! ... angry (hard version).
        1. Mangel olys
          12 February 2016 14: 21
          +9
          Quote: V.ic
          But in uniform he was not able to take a picture.

          To clarify my comment, I don't give a damn about the cons. Would you always be "encouraged" to be photographed in combat conditions? Moreover, during that war.
          1. V.ic
            V.ic 12 February 2016 18: 50
            0
            Quote: Mangel Olys
            To clarify my comment, I don't give a damn about the cons. Would you always be "encouraged" to be photographed in combat conditions? Moreover, during that war.

            We will analyze your claim, dear:
            Quote: Mangel Olys
            I don't give a damn

            And the pros?
            Quote: Mangel Olys
            Would you always be "encouraged" to be photographed in combat conditions?

            Try to rethink your question in the following circumstances:
            1. The first reference point: the sleeper in the buttonhole, taking into account the announcement of the order of the People's Commissar of Defense of the USSR on January 15, 1943 No. 25 "On the introduction of new insignia and changes in the form of the Red Army" ...
            2. Here is the second reference point:
            "The fighting on Sakhalin began on the night of August 11 ..." http://agesmystery.ru/node/2975
            "Early in the morning on August 11, Soviet troops crossed the state border at the 50th parallel" http://sakhalinmuseum.ru/9may_fighting_1.php
            The difference between the first and second points in time was THREE years SIX months TWENTY SIX days. This is exactly how much from the publication of the above-mentioned order on the northern part of Sakhalin Island there was a "peace" time, i.e. there were no military operations against the Japanese militarists during this period.
            The extreme order of the USSR Ministry of Defense in relation to accounting forms was, in my opinion, No. 0220 of 1982, which established the timeframe for rewriting autobiographies and re-photographing in the amount of five years, and this figure is probably taken from the previous "Instructions ...", about the introduction of which was announced by the issuance of the corresponding order. It turns out that the personnel officers did not have the gift of predicting the future of their ward / supervised and did not demand to be photographed in a new uniform and with new shoulder straps. Dear, I have a "calendar" of 23,6, and in the preferential one a little more, so do not bother with nibbling and write good articles because the "abrasive" only polishes, but does not poison.
  3. Sirocco
    Sirocco 12 February 2016 07: 27
    +3
    As these Japanese have already mumbled with their claims, or rather not the Japanese but the Americans, after all, in essence and justice, Japan is another US state "undercover."
    So at a meeting with Japon’s mother, find and bring them on a tray, from a dead donkey’s ears, and meet at the plane’s ramp, on one bread there is salt, on the other ears. And a good topic to procrastinate.
    1. olegkrava
      olegkrava 12 February 2016 12: 56
      +3
      Donkeys are not found in those places, but there is a walrus penis.
  4. Nsk 54
    Nsk 54 12 February 2016 07: 39
    -16 qualifying.
    You can offer the Japanese to rent the Kuril Islands for 50 billion dollars a year winked
    1. Uncle lee
      Uncle lee 12 February 2016 08: 36
      17
      What are you, the royal face, scattered by state lands?

      Thief Miloslavsky, but I thought about the power!
    2. Tali necos
      Tali necos 12 February 2016 09: 11
      +8
      So they will immediately agree, and phishington will print the right amount of green fanatics.
  5. Balagan
    Balagan 12 February 2016 07: 39
    19
    Something never before was not interested, and why Japan was not occupied as Germany? After all, the zones of occupation were divided.
  6. semirek
    semirek 12 February 2016 07: 44
    15
    One small article does not include such a large, two-century historical material, the author also managed to squeeze Kolchak here, what relation did he have to the islands? He did not control Siberia, but here Sakhalin. On the topic: V. Pikul has an interesting novel - " hard labor ", in a nutshell: the Japanese also claimed Kamchatka, and on Sakhalin they staged a real genocide of the Russian and native population, staging an Asian-style massacre. The fact that the Soviet Union returned its lands was a tribute to justice - to take back what was theirs, taking revenge on the Japanese for all their evil deeds and deceit.
    Eternal memory to the Soviet soldiers who died for the liberation of the Kuril Islands and Southern Sakhalin!
    I hope no more redistribution of our territory in the near and distant future is expected.
    1. RUSS
      RUSS 12 February 2016 09: 48
      +1
      Quote: semirek
      One small article doesn’t contain such a large, two-century-old historical material, the author also managed to squeeze Kolchak here, what did he have to do with the islands? He didn’t control Siberia, and here Sakhalin

      Apparently, that would once again "kick" Kolchak.
    2. Black Colonel
      Black Colonel 12 February 2016 10: 50
      +4
      "The fact that the Soviet Union returned its lands was a tribute to justice - to take back what was theirs, taking revenge on the Japanese for all their atrocities and deceit."
      The return of their own lands is not revenge. In fact, something more substantial could be taken from Yapis as reparations and indemnities. For example, about.Hokkaido. How the winners were entitled. No one would dare to stutter. For the division of Prussia, the annexation of the right-bank Ukraine and Belarus, no one blamed.
  7. parusnik
    parusnik 12 February 2016 07: 54
    +5
    In the very first days of the fighting, the governor of Sakhalin, General Lyapunov, surrendered with his headquarters........ Sukin, by telegram from Tokyo, wrote to the Minister of Foreign Affairs Sazonov: “We take into account the need to meet Japanese aspirations, especially in relation to Sakhalin ... ........On August 30, the commander of the Kuril landing operation, Major General A.R. Gnechko reported to the front commander: "The Kuril Islands have been liberated and returned to our homeland."..What kind of difference ... in actions and deeds ..
    1. Uncle lee
      Uncle lee 12 February 2016 08: 40
      12
      The detachment of captain Slepikovsky beat the Japanese for a long time, until the captain died in battle. He was buried by the Japanese with military honors. This is about the 1905 war. soldier
  8. sledge
    sledge 12 February 2016 07: 56
    +2
    This is our land and point! I need to ask someone else for Alaska lol
  9. engineer
    engineer 12 February 2016 08: 08
    +2
    For Alaska, you need to ask from Nicholas 1 and Alexander 2. but they have long been giving an answer in the next world.
  10. Belousov
    Belousov 12 February 2016 08: 17
    +2
    It's time to seriously start to develop the potential of the Kuril Islands, and we all look at the reaction of "partners" am
    1. Uncle lee
      Uncle lee 12 February 2016 08: 42
      +8
      In Soviet times, there was no crowding on Shikotan, that at sea from seiners, that on the coast from handlers!
    2. Sirocco
      Sirocco 12 February 2016 08: 46
      +4
      Quote: Belousov
      It’s time to seriously begin to develop the potential of the Kuril Islands,

      And what we are doing, mastering.
      Either the ships are drowning, for some reason, there are not enough rescue equipment on the ships, then bulkheads are being sawed to increase the tonnage on the vessel.
      In general, everything, like a hundred years ago, is stolen and mastered. laughing
      Auuuu there is a master in my country? belay
      1. Tali necos
        Tali necos 12 February 2016 09: 21
        +5
        I think there is. But honest people like Khoroshavin and Co. will not be allowed to work. I'm not a fan of the scoop, but hell, if at that time it was so bad, explain to me how the Kuzbass, BAM, etc. were built. without bribes and kickbacks? All the same, something needs to be changed in OUR state.
    3. lel
      lel 12 February 2016 12: 16
      0
      I believe that the most valuable possession of these islands is a fishing area of ​​200 miles ... maybe they will find something else over time
      1. alexanderrzn
        alexanderrzn 12 February 2016 13: 07
        +2
        the most valuable is the whole Sea of ​​Okhotsk. if you give at least one island, it will cease to be internal, and the United States fleet will immediately appear on the exercises there
    4. Amurets
      Amurets 12 February 2016 12: 50
      +8
      Quote: Belousov
      It's time to seriously start to develop the potential of the Kuril Islands, and we all look at the reaction of "partners"

      Something I see a lot of "patriots" of the Far East got divorced. But for some reason no one wants to come here to us, only in words. Everything is necessary and necessary, but people are leaving here. Look at the statistics. Yes! The Far East and Siberia will become Chinese, but no war. The PRC government is well supported by joint families, especially those where the Chinese husband has dual citizenship. The Chinese invest extensively in the industry of the Far East, but only in those products of which the PRC needs, logging, mining, agriculture. Recently, it was announced that the Ministry of Agriculture refused to purchase soybeans in the United States, they will buy South America, and Far Eastern soybeans go to the APR countries. Where is the logic, we sell cheaper, we buy more expensive. And I immediately warn you, I somehow don't care how many minuses they will put on me, it means they have read it, even if they disagree with me, but maybe it will make me think at least a little about the fate of the Far East , the Vostochny cosmodrome, Kamchatka, Sakhalin and the entire region. To the author, plus only for the fact that, although he briefly described the history of the development of one Far Eastern region. And also: the CAMPING METHOD. Such a region cannot be mastered, and I would very much like the Council of Ministers to make Yakutsk the capital of Russia , maybe they could have understood how people live here and what riches are floating abroad.
      1. Pomeranian
        Pomeranian 12 February 2016 13: 24
        +3
        Quote: Amurets
        Something I watch a lot of "patriots" of the Far East divorced

        Why minus you? For the truth? The fact is that in power in Russia for the most part there is a treacherous comprador clique, and in large semi-state companies too. Well, it is necessary how to be a big statesman in order to import Turks for construction on Sakhalin and Chukotka! Come on masters there or engineers: workers!
      2. galakt
        galakt 12 February 2016 14: 41
        +3
        30 years ago you will get a salary, and even to Kamchatka. In Sochi flew a beer to drink. People loved traveling and making money in distant lands.
        1. Sirocco
          Sirocco 12 February 2016 15: 26
          +1
          Quote: galakt
          30 years ago you will get a salary, and even to Kamchatka.

          90-91 year, by Train to Moscow from Ulan Ude, if you remember correctly 35 scars. The same route by plane 85 or 95 rubles. Yes, there is something to remember, for a paycheck back and forth on an airplane.
        2. not main
          not main 12 February 2016 21: 11
          +1
          Quote: galakt
          30 years ago you will get a salary, and even to Kamchatka.

          By plane from Chita to Moscow 92 rubles to Leningrad 102 rubles!
      3. Sirocco
        Sirocco 12 February 2016 15: 23
        +1
        Quote: Amurets
        . But for some reason no one wants to come here to us, only in words.

        So our state, has been feeding crap for more than a year, about the resettlement program in the Far East, and what has been done besides idle talk about this? NOTHING. Young people can lure someone, but older people, pipes, where, where to work if there are no factories or steamers. With a land of 1 hectare, from a series on you, God that is not good for us, and so on. What tell us about this program. What is your motivation?
        1. Amurets
          Amurets 12 February 2016 16: 05
          +1
          Quote: Sirocco
          What tell us about this program. What is your motivation?

          God forbid that you yourself are not worth it. From a helicopter, greens, at the bottom of the swamp. The most valuable: the Zeya-Bureya plain has long been divided and even the Chinese have survived, since live gold-SOY is growing here. I already wrote above in the comments about it. request
      4. Molot1979
        Molot1979 17 October 2016 06: 54
        0
        He worked in Krasnoyarovo, 30 km to the Chinese border. I have not seen a single Chinese except on the market. Locals said that there was an influx in the mid-90s, but both earned and dumped. An oriental friend, now living in China, claims that you can’t drive a people of China to the north with a stick, there many of their cities are empty. Pulls the Chinese south - Philippines, Indonesia, Australia. In Indonesia, the Chinese diaspora has exceeded 100 million. THIS IS emigration. And in the north we’ll fuck you. Some liberalists are trying to scare the Chinese threat, grants work out and dream of breaking the alliance between Russia and China.
  11. Romanenko
    Romanenko 12 February 2016 09: 57
    +4
    Interestingly, I first read about Buyukly, I didn’t know, I thought some local name and not a person. So, you go to Sakhalin, you go, but you still learn something new.
  12. complete zero
    complete zero 12 February 2016 10: 27
    -4
    nevertheless, whatever it was (in ancient history), but in 1945 the USSR treacherously attacked Japan (do not blame me for liberalism) most likely to please the USA, Japan was never a serious ally of Germany and the WORD of the emperor is sacred to the Japanese ... and the Emperor gave this word (after the events at Khalkhin Gol) not to attack the USSR and kept his word (grimaces of history))))
    1. lel
      lel 12 February 2016 12: 20
      +2
      if we attack it is only treacherous ... but if they are also treacherous ... your position is strange ... during the years of the civil war and early Japan what did you do on our lands? ... do you fulfill your civic duty and did it Emperor’s order?
    2. Amurets
      Amurets 12 February 2016 13: 13
      +4
      Quote: complete zero
      nevertheless, whatever it was (in ancient history), but in 1945 the USSR treacherously attacked Japan (do not blame me for liberalism) most likely to please the USA, Japan was never a serious ally of Germany and the WORD of the emperor is sacred to the Japanese ... and the Emperor gave this word (after the events at Khalkhin Gol) not to attack the USSR and kept his word (grimaces of history))))

      Are you so sure? The ban on the use of the non-freezing straits of the Sea of ​​Japan to hinder the supply of weapons through the Lend-Lease, pirate attacks on Soviet merchant ships, constant provocations and sabotage on the Soviet-Manchurian border, constant provocations and attacks on fishing vessels in the Soviet territorial waters, is that not a war? And it all stopped only after the denunciation of the Soviet-Japanese treaty on April 10, 1945. Link: Shirokorad "The cruisers that Khrushchev destroyed." There is a sea of ​​links. The rest I will not cite, because there are a lot of them.
  13. Pomeranian
    Pomeranian 12 February 2016 10: 59
    +1
    For a series of articles to the author plus the largest that I found. And in the continuation of the topic, I would like to ask you to continue and describe the coexistence of the Japanese and Russians on Sakhalin in the prewar years. I remember seeing a monument to border guards who were carved by the Japs before the declaration of war on the 1945 year. It would be interesting to read about this and not only about this case.
    1. Mangel olys
      12 February 2016 14: 12
      +2
      Quote: Pomoryanin
      For a series of articles to the author plus the largest that I found. And in the continuation of the topic, I would like to ask you to continue and describe the coexistence of the Japanese and Russians on Sakhalin in the prewar years. I remember seeing a monument to border guards who were carved by the Japs before the declaration of war on the 1945 year. It would be interesting to read about this and not only about this case.

      Thank! My grandfather went through three wars. He served in the landing. He told my father, and he told me how they cut out Japanese barracks without a sound. I don’t know if this is true. Maybe someone also has information of a similar nature? After the war, he could not kill a chicken.
      1. Amurets
        Amurets 12 February 2016 15: 50
        +3
        Quote: Mangel Olys
        He told my father, and he told me how they cut Japanese barracks without sound.

        True! In 1971, my friend's father and his boss over a glass of tea recalled how, as part of shock and assault groups, they made passes in the URs on the border along the Amur in the region of the regional center of Konstantinovka, a lot was forgotten, but the fact that the war with Japan was bloody, here There is no need to doubt. Until now, burials of both Russians and Chinese and Japanese are being found. In my opinion, the secrets of the Japanese URs have not yet been fully disclosed. The Chinese who built them were completely destroyed, who were shot on the spot, someone was sent to "detachment 731" The Japanese took care of the secrets of the URs. The book by A. Golovin "Rear-Front" describes well the period 1941-1945 in the Far East, and the second book describes how the Japanese URs were stormed. We knew the author of the 10-12 year old boys personally, only later, after him death, we learned that he was the commander of a reconnaissance platoon in the Jewish Autonomous Region and participated in the storming of the Japanese fortifications on the Sungari River.
    2. Amurets
      Amurets 12 February 2016 14: 30
      +1
      Quote: Pomoryanin
      For a series of articles to the author plus the largest that I found. And in the continuation of the topic, I would like to ask you to continue and describe the coexistence of the Japanese and Russians on Sakhalin in the prewar years. I remember seeing a monument to border guards who were carved by the Japs before the declaration of war on the 1945 year. It would be interesting to read about this and not only about this case.

      I can only suggest Shishov A. V. He has a cycle of books on Russian-Japanese relations, Pikul. "Hard labor" if you have not read it. Dikovsky SV "Patriots" The Adventures of the Bold Boat. This book contains stories about the border guards of the Far East. Unfortunately, the author himself died in the Soviet-Finnish war in 1940. This seems to be all I can prompt.
      1. Pomeranian
        Pomeranian 12 February 2016 14: 57
        0
        Quote: Amurets
        .Dikovskiy S.V. "Patriots" Adventures of the boat Brave "

        Thank you. I read Pikulya only at school age, but I have never heard about Dikovsky, I confess. I’ll look.
  14. complete zero
    complete zero 12 February 2016 12: 41
    0
    Quote: lel
    if we attack it is only treacherous ... but if they are also treacherous ... your position is strange ... during the years of the civil war and early Japan what did you do on our lands? ... do you fulfill your civic duty and did it Emperor’s order?

    well, I will exclude the word (treacherously) it remains attacked (so it will be?) as far as history is concerned, yes I think that Sakhalin is our land poached by Tsar Nikolai (but this does not change anything respected) .. The Japanese did not succumb to all Hitler's persuasions (and he persuaded them very much) and remember what time the Germans stood in the direct line of sight of the Kremlin?
    1. lel
      lel 12 February 2016 23: 52
      0
      we’ve got a lot of things ... but you don’t know what the Japanese thought then .... but Richard Sorge knew ... he knew that the Japanese had the main enemy ... Hitler, of course, an ally on the axis but ... Moscow is far away and Indonesia, the Pacific Ocean, close ... only 2 sheep like Hitler decided to fight on XNUMX fronts ... but they didn’t even have enough resources ...
  15. Pvi1206
    Pvi1206 12 February 2016 14: 51
    +2
    Russia should not concede anything that was poured with the blood of its soldiers. Otherwise, we will betray them.
  16. sprut
    sprut 12 February 2016 20: 04
    +1
    At the expense of the alleged atrocities Kolchak does not agree.
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 13 February 2016 00: 33
      +2
      Quote: sprut
      At the expense of the alleged atrocities Kolchak does not agree.

      Kolchaks have always honestly served Russia. A. V. Kolchak's uncle participated in the construction of Vladivostok, his father earned the rank of general not on the parquet floor of the royal palaces, but in fortresses on the borders of the Russian Empire. A. V. Kolchak himself: a polar scientist, hero of the Russian-Japanese and the First World War. The personality is ambiguous, so let's not kick a person who has a lot of merit to Russia. And it is not for nothing that former political officers: Cherkashin, Runov, other authors write about A.V. Kolchak. When the Chekists interrogated A.V. Kolchak in 1920 then they had nothing to show. Read the interrogations of A.V. Kolchak in the book "Prisoner of the 5th cell" by Runov. And for God's sake, before you kick A.V. Kolchak, L.P. Beria, our other "villains" do not be lazy see, only in not politicized, but in ordinary reference books, what they did for Russia, the USSR, for our homeland. For God's sake, see the entire legacy of Kolchak, and not the title of "The Supreme Ruler of Russia". The ideal figure we have is "Lord God", but and he is blasphemed. Excuse the believers for the sacrilege.
      1. sprut
        sprut 15 February 2016 21: 28
        0
        Beautifully written! Have you read my comment? In general, I am about the same.
  17. Krilion
    Krilion 13 February 2016 08: 08
    0
    in the bottom photo - Cape Menaputz. who the author of the article is, correct .. is also a beautiful place, but never in Cape Aniva ... it’s a shame ...
  18. Krilion
    Krilion 13 February 2016 08: 17
    0
    Quote: JACTUS RECTUS
    Why this cheers patriotism ??? We have for your information in Sakhalin both the separatist and para-genic moods are very strong, give them to Japan to the best of us or stop squeezing everything out of Sakhalin !!! ====


    why are you lying so brazenly? .. I’ve been living on Sakhalin for 50 years, I was born here .. I’ve never heard such nonsense ....