Military Review

Charge of intelligence

46
Brains can be put into the homing head


Achieving military technical superiority or at least parity is a key condition for ensuring national security. Among the military technologies of the near future, a special role is played by the systems of automatic detection, recognition and autonomous targeting of weapons to target targets according to their image and other signatures with an accuracy that provides a direct hit.

The solution of this problem will bring to a qualitatively new level the shock capabilities of the Armed Forces in a non-nuclear conflict with any adversary. A material base will appear for conducting transient operations with the application of selective, so-called surgical strokes with minimal side damage. Without solving this problem, creating a truly effective strategic missile defense system is impossible.

“For Russia, with its defensive military doctrine, vast spaces, insufficiently developed infrastructure, it is advisable to build the Armed Forces as an organization with“ distributed intelligence ””
One of the priorities is hyperspectral spectrometry. The development of systems based on it is considered as a qualitatively new stage in the development of reconnaissance and observation means combining the capabilities of solving three main tasks: detection, classification, maintenance of contact. This is also true for homing systems. weapons.

Complexes of reconnaissance and observation using the method of hyperspectral spectrometry have important advantages. First, it is multi-range. It allows you to provide increased permeability in any environment, a high probability of contact, reliable classification of the object up to a reliable determination of its location in space and direction of movement, as well as reliable selection of interference of natural and artificial origin. Secondly, the mathematical methods of signal processing. This gives the complexes real properties of intelligent weapons, primarily due to automated adaptation to various objects, their spatial location, systems and means of concealment, as well as to various variants of meteorological conditions. However, the use of the optical range of electromagnetic radiation, even if very wide - from infrared to ultraviolet, still creates dependence on the weather.

Hyper-spectral spectrometry for reconnaissance, target designation and guidance systems opens up fundamentally new possibilities. First of all, it is a direct (not due to movement observation) determination of the spatial orientation of the target, which can significantly reduce the time for target designation and monitor the movement elements in real time. A weapon (projectile, rocket) has the ability to reliably classify a target, independently (automatically) select the most advantageous attack angle and the most vulnerable point of destruction. This allows, on the one hand, to significantly increase the stability of the percussion weapons themselves from the effects of self-defense systems, and on the other, to reduce the number of hits required to disable or destroy an object. Finally, there is the possibility of creating unified means of reconnaissance and GOS for observing and hitting various targets, when adaptation to the solution of a task can be accomplished by changing the mathematical apparatus of signal processing.

Tied to satellite


In the United States, the use of hyperspectral spectrometry is considered one of the most promising ways to improve the timeliness and reliability of intelligence.

In the interests of the Pentagon, technologies are being developed for air and space platforms in two main directions. The first is the reconnaissance of the environment for the conduct of hostilities, land, sea and aerospace. The second is target detection, description of their parameters and identification.

The US Air Force already has a satellite Mighty Sat II with the equipment of hyperspectral analysis FTHSI. US Navy - HYDICE spacecraft. The hyperspectral instrument CYRIS is also available on board the PROBA satellite of the European Space Agency. Work is underway to build tactical-level reconnaissance complexes using a UAV based on the same method. Space systems for operational and strategic reconnaissance should allow for high probability of detecting and classifying targets when they are disguised, partially or completely hidden, and also in conditions of intentional interference. All this in real time.

In the United States, judging by the materials of the open press, the main focus is on the development of intelligence systems, rather than homing weapons for a significant increase in the possibilities of global observation at any time of the day, in adverse weather conditions in order to open stationary and mobile camouflaged objects and track them for later destruction. What is the most dangerous result for us? The loss of stealth ground-based mobile strategic missile systems, since with the introduction of hyperspectral spectrometry, the United States has the opportunity to carry out their reliable reconnaissance in real time at any point in Russia. And no disguise with disguise will not help here.

At the same time, the priority of intelligence systems, rather than weapons control and the homing of ammunition, increases the dependence of troops on external information. The degree of connectedness of US groups increases, thereby placing higher demands on both technology and personnel.

Benefits of autonomy


In Russia, as early as in the 90, an initiative group of scientists developed and tested effective national observation systems based on hyperspectral spectrometry in the national economy. In contrast to the American approaches, our know-how allowed us to introduce the method directly into combat systems, giving them the properties of highly intelligent weapons by solving a key task - automatic recognition of the target image. And it would be possible to create conditions for the implementation of a qualitatively different concept for the development of armaments of the RF Armed Forces. This refers to the minimization of dependence on external information, the “autonomization” of weapons and military equipment. That is, the construction of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation as an organization with “distributed intelligence” as opposed to the US Armed Forces, which are developing in the direction of its “centralization”.

Charge of intelligenceThe main advantages of systems with "distributed intelligence", that is, with a high degree of "autonomization" of elements, are a significant reduction in management requirements and high functional resistance to damage. The first is due to the fact that the amount of information (intelligence and command) necessary for the actions of individual combat units with their own advanced means of observation is significantly reduced. Accordingly, the cost of the control system is sharply reduced. The increase in functional stability is predetermined by the fact that, with a high degree of autonomy of the elements, the disruption of the backbone links does not deprive others of the ability to perform their functions.

The main disadvantage of organizational and technical systems with “distributed intelligence” arises from their advantage. They are more inert.

Obviously, for Russia with its defensive military doctrine, vast spaces, insufficiently developed infrastructure, especially communication systems, it is more expedient to develop the Armed Forces in the direction of “autonomization” of troops (forces). Therefore, an orientation towards priority intellectualization of weapons should be recognized as more appropriate to our conditions.

The second most important advantage of this approach is that the shock systems can be supplemented on a single conceptual basis with appropriate defensive ones that can neutralize their counterparts in foreign armies. Thus, we receive not separate samples, but a complex. It implements both shock and protective functions.

For armor not to hide


The level of domestic developments based on hyperspectral spectrometry makes it possible to count on the creation in the near future of qualitatively new weapon systems. This, in particular, a multi-purpose anti-tank complex and active protection of armored vehicles. These are operational-tactical and tactical missiles with intelligent high-precision GOS and the corresponding systems of active protection of ground objects. This is an intelligent high-precision air defense missile system combined with a helicopter and aircraft protection system.

The main advantage of the multipurpose anti-tank complex using the GOS based on hyperspectral spectrometry will be the possibility of reliable classification and determination of the spatial position of the armored vehicle. It is worth repeating, allows you to autonomously select the most vulnerable area of ​​destruction. Identification of the target in its three-dimensional image, combined with giving this weapon the ability to quickly change its “portrait” makes such an ATGM suitable for use in other objects as well. In fact, we are talking about a portable universal system of precision weapons of infantry.

The method of hyperspectral spectrometry allows the creation of objects with equal strength in all possible directions of the projectile approach tanks and BBM. At the same time, increased protection will not be associated with an increase in the thickness of the armor (and hence weight), but with a more reliable and timely recognition of the attacking means of destruction, which does not require any significant increase in the overall dimensions of the equipment. In addition, this method provides exceptional noise immunity, ensuring the defeat of hidden objects.

The introduction of intelligent anti-tank systems and protection systems will lead to significant shifts in the ideology of the development of IWT Ground Forces. The confrontation "projectile - armor" is changed to "shock system - defense system." Thus, to a certain extent, the importance of classic counter-armor is leveled. She will be unable to provide equal protection of the tank. Intellectual ammunition will independently find the most vulnerable point.

Of no less interest are the methods of hyperspectral spectrometry in terms of equipping a tactical missile with operational and tactical missiles. They receive a qualitatively new opportunity - supplementary exploration of the state of the target and automatic selection of the most vulnerable element. This is especially important when defeating objects with a spatial structure, which have a defense system that does not reliably reveal the location of individual elements and their state. These include, for example, naval bases, airfields, command posts of the operational level and above.

This new quality, combined with a significant increase in noise immunity of the GOS and accuracy of hitting, will significantly reduce the required ammunition consumption to destroy distributed functionally related targets, as well as increase the likelihood of the destruction of targeted highly protected objects, especially in the presence of interference.

The use of intelligent guidance based on the methods of hyperspectral spectrometry provides a highly efficient autonomous system of object protection. The probability of damage to the head parts of OTP and TR can be significantly increased due to the qualitative growth of their detection capabilities and correct classification under interference conditions with a significant increase in pointing accuracy.

The application of the methods of hyperspectral spectrometry in the GOS of MANPADS and air defense missile systems, air-to-air missiles operating in the optical range is relevant. This will allow, first of all, to provide extremely high noise immunity and will enable all-aerial destruction of air targets, regardless of their position relative to external sources of radiation. Existing interfering systems in the optical and infrared range are ineffective against such GOS. And the creation of new, able to effectively counter them, will take a long time.

The ability to reliably detect an attacking missile and its spatial orientation using the methods of hyperspectral spectrometry brings us to the need to develop an all-perspective and omnidirectional protection of aircraft. That is, it becomes possible to create a complete individual air defense system for them.

The existing groundwork allows us to develop hyperspectral technologies and create highly efficient means of reconnaissance and observation based on them. There are all prerequisites for the deployment of such work. The introduction of such means into the weapons system promises a significant increase in combat capabilities.
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http://vpk-news.ru/articles/28997
46 comments
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  1. jjj
    jjj 4 February 2016 10: 48
    +6
    But I'm wondering if a holographic model of an object, exposed to the side of a real object, can mislead the "smart" guidance system of an accurate missile?
    1. Lissyara
      Lissyara 4 February 2016 10: 51
      +2
      Aha
      The laws of physics have not yet been canceled.
      1. gridasov
        gridasov 4 February 2016 12: 58
        -3
        laws are written for fools. Smart people explore the patterns and transformation algorithms of these patterns.
    2. Yak-3P
      Yak-3P 4 February 2016 10: 51
      24
      if the naked will chad solarium and swear then - yes
      1. Lissyara
        Lissyara 4 February 2016 11: 01
        +5
        I would also add "the smell of vodka with garlic."
        Although under the USSR he graduated from the Higher School of Higher Education in Kiev, now abroad.
        As I understand it, I can’t get to the 30 years of release as a Russian aggressor.
    3. evil partisan
      evil partisan 4 February 2016 10: 57
      0
      Quote: jjj
      But I'm wondering if a holographic model of an object, exposed to the side of a real object, can mislead the "smart" guidance system of an accurate missile?

      They say it can. Well, if you believe the TK "Zvezda", of course ... The generals of the Armed Forces of Ukraine will definitely drive them crazy ...
      1. Andrey Yuryevich
        Andrey Yuryevich 4 February 2016 11: 04
        +6
        Enerelof APU and simpler picture will reduce to the grave ...
        Quote: Angry Guerrilla
        .. The APU generals will definitely drive you crazy ...

        Zdarova Old! hi
    4. Tusv
      Tusv 4 February 2016 11: 37
      +2
      Quote: jjj
      But I'm wondering if a holographic model of an object, exposed to the side of a real object, can mislead the "smart" guidance system of an accurate missile?

      At one time, F117 was seduced by an ordinary microwave oven and pulled harms on it, for which he received a couple of missiles from one hundred and twenty-fifth
      1. Black Colonel
        Black Colonel 4 February 2016 14: 41
        0
        And not only the F-117, but also the rest, who used these temples.
    5. Sweles
      Sweles 4 February 2016 11: 40
      +9
      hyperspectral spectrometry


      our zhurnalyugi slide into illiteracy after the western. In the West, they are preoccupied with the creation of their own English language field, which would cover the whole world, to recall how the West reacted sharply hostilely to Russian speech on the air of the sky of Syria.
      But is this illiteracy?
      HYPERSPECTRAL SPECTROMETRY is from the field of MULTI-MEASUREMENT MEASUREMENT, in Russian such a set of sensors will be called so-WIDELESS MEASUREMENT ...
      1. Samoyed
        Samoyed 4 February 2016 13: 30
        +1
        Broadband. Type, there are narrow specialists, but there is a wide profile.
      2. Black Colonel
        Black Colonel 4 February 2016 14: 42
        +1
        WIDELESS MEASUREMENT
        Cavity is already from surgery.
  2. V.ic
    V.ic 4 February 2016 10: 51
    +9
    Hyperspectral spectrometry you say? And if you say this "out of a hangover", then in addition to breaking the tongue, you can also earn a dislocation of the brain.
  3. The comment was deleted.
  4. evil partisan
    evil partisan 4 February 2016 10: 55
    +2
    hyperspectral spectrometry ...
    I already managed to find something on this subject. Very interesting. One thing I can say: Fourier is the head! hi
    Perhaps not one of the mathematical methods of physics is used as much as the Fourier method.
    1. Andrey Yuryevich
      Andrey Yuryevich 4 February 2016 11: 24
      +3
      Quote: Angry Guerrilla
      One thing I can say: Fourier is the head!

      Ilf and Petrov, "golden calf." ("Pike vests") - plagiarize my friend? wink laughing
      1. evil partisan
        evil partisan 4 February 2016 13: 49
        0
        Quote: Andrey Yurievich
        you plagiarize my friend

        Do not plagiarize, but demonstrate erudition and not a friend, but Yuri Georgievich! am And in general ... There is nothing left to the state of "pike vests" request. Not so much plagiarizing yet! wink
        Hi amateur! drinks
    2. dauria
      dauria 4 February 2016 11: 33
      +2
      Perhaps not one of the mathematical methods of physics is used as much as the Fourier method.


      Non-sinusoidal methods are also used - for example, Walsh series. From all this ingenuity, I understood one thing - well, they will make a device that colors the pixels of an optical picture not in several colors with shades, but even in a thousand. These colors will be seen by a computer, not a person. This means that we need standards in the computer's memory, we need recognition algorithms. Yes, this is informative, you can see the pattern on the wings of a cabbage butterfly. Maybe this will improve intelligence better than multispectral photography. But what about this - "The battle in the Crimea, everything is in smoke, nothing is visible"? With laser guidance, the trouble is, is it better?
      1. iConst
        iConst 4 February 2016 13: 16
        +2
        Quote: dauria
        Yes, this is informative, you can see the pattern on the wings of a cabbage butterfly. Maybe this will improve intelligence better than multispectral photography. But what about this - "The battle in the Crimea, everything is in smoke, nothing is visible"? With laser guidance, the trouble is, is it better?
        - Forgot to add that masking methods do not stand still: there are already prototypes of cloaks and panels for equipment that change the characteristics of radiation in the infrared and other spectra.

        Plus inflatable dummies with the same deceitful pieces - byad ... smile
        1. dauria
          dauria 4 February 2016 14: 39
          0
          - Forgot to add that masking methods do not stand still:


          Here I am about the same. I remembered the cartoons of the artists. A couple of pencil strokes on flat paper - and anyone (who has seen live) will say "Yes, this is Pugacheva with Filia". Any child will distinguish a primitive drawing of a tank from a wolf. Apparently, in this case, algorithms and electric brains are much more important than a bunch of unnecessary information. Although she is not a hindrance (or maybe a hindrance, who knows)
          But for now, even in television GOS, a stupid calculation of the correlation function with the previous frame.
    3. Stinger
      Stinger 4 February 2016 12: 03
      +2
      Fourier and Kotelnikov - two heads. I wouldn’t put a finger in their mouth.
      1. evil partisan
        evil partisan 4 February 2016 15: 03
        0
        Quote: Stinger
        Fourier and Kotelnikov - two heads. I wouldn’t put a finger in their mouth.

        what
        And what about Laplace and Galerkin? wink
    4. gridasov
      gridasov 4 February 2016 13: 25
      0
      Fourier transforms are linear. And it is impossible to jump out to the possibility of analyzing spatial, and even more so dynamic systems, on these linear principles. And I think few people can even imagine the solution of these problems to functions of a constant value of a number. Once again, we can repeat that complex, highly dynamic processes cannot be explicitly and unequivocally matted. analysis on variable number functions. Therefore, fractal calculations are constructions on completely different mat. technologies and techniques. Not to mention holographic structures.
      1. evil partisan
        evil partisan 4 February 2016 14: 23
        0
        Quote: gridasov
        And it is impossible to jump out to the possibility of analyzing spatial, and even more so dynamic systems, on these linear principles.

        Gridasov. You most importantly do not jump out of your pants, talking about high matters. I would know at least one of the things in question - fool So what if the Fourier transform is a linear transformation ?? What, you can't use it chtoli when analyzing dynamics, or what ?? Yes Easy. If you knew what opportunities Fourier analysis opens up for engineers, you would be silent in a rag. Advice: go, find in the library a book "Fourier analysis" from the series "engineer's library" edition of the year about 57-59 and read it for a start. Although it may have a different name. I will clarify. there will be a desire - contact. yes
        1. gridasov
          gridasov 4 February 2016 17: 18
          0
          And in my opinion, you are simply not literate because you do not realize that any mathematical sequences, including the sine and cosine functions based on coefficients, cannot be infinite. This is the first. and secondly, it is very easy to show what is an algorithmic series of numbers. That is, not a complex transformation can show that the series built on nine numbers as well as on another number of them in nat. row can not be infinite. They are always cyclic-algorithmic. But your mind is not enough to understand. Because anyone who minuses this is a test and shows the qualities of dullness and lack of desire to know more.
          1. evil partisan
            evil partisan 4 February 2016 20: 01
            0
            Quote: gridasov
            you are simply not literate

            Dude. Fourier analysis - it was my bread in 1988-93. yes Wrap around. Well, or go to the library. I am ready to discuss with you the problems of Fourier analysis on a finite interval. wink
            1. gridasov
              gridasov 4 February 2016 20: 41
              0
              Stupidity also has a dimension. Chew your bread. I think you are a parasite. Like this tonality of conversation ?!
  5. prawdawsegda
    prawdawsegda 4 February 2016 10: 56
    +2
    When all these weapons appear, where does the man go? Or are they stuffing people with electronics themselves and putting them in the service of cars? Where to find a new pristine planet?
    1. Thunderbolt
      Thunderbolt 4 February 2016 11: 39
      0
      And why do we need a new planet? Here we will defeat all enemies (external and internal) and the army can be disbanded home. And all prisons will be abolished, because there will be no crime. Ah and a wonderful life will come! fellow
  6. Mikhail Krapivin
    Mikhail Krapivin 4 February 2016 10: 56
    +5
    No offense, comrades, but from the evil one that's all. As my auto mechanic said, the more complex the system, the easier it will fail. It would have happened that all this is Mr. Fix’s tricks from across the ocean, and then at the decisive moment the switch is turned there and our army will go blind and go deaf, with all that it implies.
    1. Samoyed
      Samoyed 4 February 2016 11: 11
      +2
      The most difficult thing today is man! From the point of view of technical reliability - solid flaws: eat, drink, sleep, get tired, distracted, get sick ... And from the point of view of evolution - consider 50 years of advanced actions.
    2. Tusv
      Tusv 4 February 2016 12: 26
      +1
      Quote: Mikhail Krapivin
      It would have happened that all this is Mr. Fix’s tricks from across the ocean, and then at the decisive moment the switch is turned there and our army will go blind and go deaf, with all that it implies.

      Did we really have all the "Cycloids" demolished to go deaf and all the tube radars were placed on the SDH in order to go blind? Americans believe we have a smart Perimeter. Is it from the evil one? Military acceptance shows that "Pantsir" can shoot down in automatic mode - also from it?
      By the way, a funny joke. Our "backward" ships dock to the ISS in automatic mode, and smart American ones with the help of manipulators
      1. Samoyed
        Samoyed 4 February 2016 13: 37
        0
        The manufacture of ceramic tiles for thermal protection for Buran was fully automated: the robot scanned the surface, the data into the CNC machine, and he immediately gave the finished one. The Americans adjusted them with "files" by hand. Back in those years.
      2. The comment was deleted.
  7. Des10
    Des10 4 February 2016 11: 03
    +5
    Hyperspectral spectrometry method
    Already hyper. Somehow mega and so forth missed. Viva editors VO.
    Next level - Super Duper and further about spectrometry. laughing
    It’s just like hypergynecology --- the essence does not change from the prefix --- the method.
    1. Thunderbolt
      Thunderbolt 4 February 2016 11: 49
      +1
      Quote: Des10
      Already hyper.
      Time hyper we do not shine, then we have to ordinary boloids while to war. Nobody has yet canceled the good old grenade. Will not fail, dear!
  8. Igluxnumx
    Igluxnumx 4 February 2016 11: 20
    +2
    Quote: jjj
    But I'm wondering if a holographic model of an object, exposed to the side of a real object, can mislead the "smart" guidance system of an accurate missile?

    Apparently he can. But! How and how to create a holographic model of an object in space? Laser beam? This requires a transparent medium in the area from the laser to the object being created. Not reliable. In addition, algorithms for processing information obtained using this very "hyperspectral spectrometry" are still unknown. By improving this algorithm or using comparisons with other sources of information, it is possible to achieve high reliability of information about a material object, to single it out from phantoms. So, really "The confrontation" projectile - armor "is changing to" strike system - defense system "". Something like this.
    1. Samoyed
      Samoyed 4 February 2016 13: 40
      0
      Everything according to Altshuller, Laws for the development of technical systems. TRIZ. Strength!
    2. The comment was deleted.
  9. kartalovkolya
    kartalovkolya 4 February 2016 11: 26
    0
    Intellect is intellect, but no one has yet been able to replace the "Russian soldier"! And in general, Victory is when the foot of an infantryman steps into the enemy's territory, i.e. full capture! So with the help of your "intellect" you can bomb until you are "blue in the face", but as long as there are no soldiers on the enemy's territory, there can be no question of any victory! (Unless cowards and traitors will surrender the country)
  10. Aleksandr2012
    Aleksandr2012 4 February 2016 11: 37
    +2
    Hyperspectral spectrometry, if you think about the meaning, it sounds crazy.
    1. Platonich
      Platonich 4 February 2016 18: 55
      0
      Yes there is no nonsense here. For a long time already there are devices, for example: Hyperspectral spectrometer S200-MF with very interesting properties.
      1. gridasov
        gridasov 4 February 2016 19: 30
        0
        This is somewhere equivalent to a hypervolt voltmeter. The essence of both the device and the process take place. But still, the name is not beautiful.
  11. Cananecat
    Cananecat 4 February 2016 11: 37
    0
    "... the first to sign on the wall of the Reichstag is a simple infantryman Vanya ..." (c)
  12. cap
    cap 4 February 2016 11: 41
    0
    "The existing groundwork allows us to develop hyperspectral technologies and create on their basis highly effective reconnaissance and surveillance systems. There are all prerequisites for deploying such work. The introduction of such means into the weapons system promises a significant increase in combat capabilities."

    Your words to God’s ears. We hope that we will be ready for all the scenarios hi .
  13. agbykov
    agbykov 4 February 2016 11: 48
    +2
    I do not agree with the statement that the main drawback of organizational and technical systems with "distributed intelligence" is their great inertness. In the field of decision-making speed, just the opposite is true. All viable systems are organized according to the principles of intellectual autonomy, since only this principle allows you to quickly make decisions at each level of the hierarchy without the need for coordination with higher authorities. For example: in a fully centralized system, I would wait a very long time for a permission signal from the central brain to scratch my leg when it itches ... :)
  14. Rostislav
    Rostislav 4 February 2016 12: 40
    0
    can a holographic model of an object, exposed to the side of a real object, mislead a "smart" precision missile guidance system?

    The idea is interesting, but what maximum size can you create a hologram?
    And on a freestanding tank or person, missiles are not launched.
    1. Samoyed
      Samoyed 4 February 2016 13: 46
      0
      There is some kind of ammunition, like a cluster bomb, but for armored vehicles. The air is divided into separate parts, which are already individually homing for different purposes (such as a column of tanks or a cluster).
      1. Roman 57 rus
        Roman 57 rus 4 February 2016 21: 56
        0
        Self-targeting combat elements SPBE.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  15. gladcu2
    gladcu2 4 February 2016 20: 50
    0
    If we talk about brains, then at the forefront of consciousness put a sense of self-preservation, fear.

    Some kind of nonsense, a little homing and, in general, intelligence.

    In any case, it should be called differently.