Revolution Events 1905-1907 in its entirety showed the depth of the internal contradictions of the Russian Empire. First, Russia (with the exception of some righteous people) lost its connection with Heaven, that is, the channel of the people's spiritual feed was interrupted. The reform of Nikon and the transformation of the Romanovs church into a part of the state apparatus destroyed the project “Holy (Bright) Russia”, “Grad Kitezh”. Hence the indifference of the main part of the people to the fate of the clergy and to the destruction of churches and monasteries, turning them into economic objects after 1917.
Secondly, in the time of the Romanovs, the Russian civilization took the path of the Western powers, having fallen under the influence of Western culture. This was a consequence of the abandonment of its project ("Light Russia"). As a result, the West developed a pro-Western, cosmopolitan elite and intelligentsia in the Russian Empire, which knew German, French and English, but spoke Russian badly and reluctantly. Genuine Russian историяwhich could have contributed to the emergence of a genuine elite, was replaced by Germans and their followers, like the Freemason Karamzin, with a Germanic-Romance version, where the Slavs got the place of “wild barbarians” who received statehood from the West and from Europe borrowed all the best that was in the country. Almost the entire period of the history of pre-Christian Russia was forgotten, declared “dark ages.”
It is clear that the Russian people still gave birth to the righteous, patriots, heroes, military leaders, real knights, military leaders, naval commanders, scientific geniuses and prominent statesmen. Such people have created all the good things associated with the Russian Empire. However, if you study their biographies, it is obvious that they almost always had to act in spite of and under the powerful pressure of the system and morals prevailing in the country. So, Suvorov had to push his methods almost under the guise of a holy fool. And after he left, they were buried (only some generals tried to continue the Suvorov school). Moreover, his method of creating an army of "miracle heroes" began to destroy even during his lifetime. Ushakov and Nakhimov were fighting to the death with the vicious practice of transforming sailors into serfs, and this was the system they challenged. Nevelsky and Muravyov-Amursky annexed the mouth of the Amur, the Ussuri region to Russia, against the will of the inert and pro-Western bureaucracy. And I had to personally intervene to Emperor Nicholas I: “Where the Russian flag is hoisted once and there, it should not descend.” The Russian bureaucracy pressed Rezanova and Baranov, who tried to consolidate the Russian position in Russian America and eventually “merged” our lands in America.
Thirdly, the project of the Romanovs led to the formation of two “peoples” - the pro-Western elite, the nobility, the social groups serving them and the ordinary people themselves (peasants, workers, artisans, most of the burghers). It is possible to single out the “third people” - the Old Believers. All these three "people" lived in parallel realities. Peter I though Westernized the nobility, but also forced the nobility to serve Russia, learn, fight and die. The nobility served the people. However, after his departure, the nobles gradually achieved freedom, which made the sovereign service not obligatory, but voluntary. And the mobilization unity of power, the nobility and the muzhik, necessary for the survival of Russia, which for centuries has beaten off the enemy onslaught, fell apart. The peasants did not want to bend their backs on parasites who lived for their own pleasure. The peasantry responded with the Pugachev war. Riot drowned in blood. The peasants hid, but their grievances were not forgotten. Not for nothing during the revolutions 1905-1907, 1917. peasant protest was based on a simple principle: to take away and divide. Peasants, generation after generation, remembered that the carefree world of the upper strata was based on their serfdom and bonded labor.
About 90% of the population of Russia (peasants) lived their own lives, unimaginably far from St. Petersburg and an extremely small educated stratum. Its essence was in the struggle for the harvest (any negative environmental conditions - drought, severe frosts, etc., brought huge masses of people to the brink of famine), labor from dawn to dawn without days off and deviation from the authorities, from which nothing good was expected. At the same time on the hard work of the peasant everything was built in the Russian Empire.
And the crying for “Russia that we lost” more concerns the pro-Western top, which was infinitely far from the common people. For the time being, the population rallied the doctrine of "autocracy, Orthodoxy and nationality." However, the “nationality” was finally eroded by the turbulent offensive of capitalism, which destroyed the stronghold of “old Russia” - the peasant community. "Orthodoxy" ("the glory of Truth") buried the state-run church, formal rites that had no living faith. Only "autocracy" remains. Belief in the "good king" kept to the last. "Bloody Sunday" dealt a strong blow to this faith.
Revolution 1905-1907's. showed that a significant part of the people are ready for a big distemper. The situation was on the verge. The project of the Romanovs could be saved only by a radical modernization: the solution of the land issue; accelerated industrialization with the improvement of workers' life and lifestyle; the elimination of illiteracy, universal primary education with the gradual introduction of secondary education and the development of secondary vocational and technical education; emphasis on the development of science and technology; the continuation of large-scale infrastructure projects, such as Transsib, etc. At the same time, Russia had to “concentrate”, that is, abandon any external conflicts. Following the example of the policy of Alexander III the Peacemaker. The Russian Empire could not fight with Japan and Germany. These conflicts were contrary to national interests and were in the interests of France, Britain and the United States, which set Russia against Japan and Germany.
Fourthly, tsarist Russia is completely stuck in foreign loans. No wonder some researchers believe that in the First World War, Russia worked out loans to France. The Russian Empire did not have enough capital and therefore invited foreign investors who, using rich natural resources and cheap labor, annually exported huge funds that were necessary for the development of the country. Russia lagged behind the West in almost all respects. The most important and then advanced industries were almost absent or in their infancy in our country: automotive, aviation, motor-building, chemical, heavy machine-building, radio engineering, optics, electrical equipment, instrument-making (all this will have to be created in Stalinist Russia), etc. All the backwardness of the Russian Empire will be shown by the First World War.
The situation was similar in other areas. Petersburg was unable to Russify the Kingdom of Poland, Finland and the Caucasus, with a huge temporary odds - for decades. The Jewish question has not been resolved. They were unable to create a normal security service (such as the future of the Soviet Cheka-KGB), which would eliminate the "fifth column" and cut off the channels of influence of Western special services and organizations. They undermined the empire agrarian question and working questions.
Health care was low. For example, in 1913, cholera, diphtheria, scabies, and anthrax in Russia affected 12 million people. At 10 thousand people, we had a total 1,6 doctor. That is four times less than in America, and in 2,7 times less than in Germany. In terms of child mortality, we exceeded Western countries 1,7-3,7 times.
Serious problems were in education. Expenditures on education grew, but the number of students in all educational institutions of Russia in 1913 was 9,7 million (60,6 people per 1000 citizens). In the US, where 18,3 million people studied, this figure was 190,6 people per 1000 citizens. In Russia, 1000 school teachers accounted for 1,7 residents, in the USA 5,4 accounted for. And this was a time when education became the most important condition for the power of the state and its economic power. No wonder Bismarck called the winner in the Franco-Prussian war 1870-1871. German teacher who prepared combat-ready and technically competent soldiers. In the Russian Empire there were only 8 universities, and in Germany - 22, in France - 14. Russia had a strong higher education, but mainly priests, theologians, lawyers, and philologists were trained, and engineers, doctors, and agronomists were needed. The scourge of the empire was illiteracy. We have only 1000-227 people who could read and write on 228. And this is without taking into account the Transcaucasus and Central Asia. France at that time had 93% literacy, Germany - 98%. England had 816 literate at 1000 people.
It is clear that the then Russia could not fight. The war led to the destabilization of the already dilapidated empire building. In the West, all this was seen and, realizing the project of a new world order, they planned to destroy the Russian empire, dismember it and absorb it in parts. At the same time, the masters of France, England and the USA (the so-called “financial international”, the “golden elite”, the “global backstage”, the “global predictor, etc.”) skillfully pitted civilizations that could join the strategic alliance and realize the alternative globalization project.
Western civilization was originally based on the parasitism, the exhaustion of foreign resources, energy. This is a kind of civilization-ghoul, a vampire.
By the beginning of the XX, almost all the territories on Earth were divided and mastered. In North America, the American Empire was growing rapidly, the “daughter” of the British Empire. Australia belonged to the British, like Canada. Latin America was the sphere of influence of England and the USA (they controlled finance and economy), with the residual influence of Spain and Portugal. The section of Africa is almost complete. The British settled in Persia. Southeast Asia was divided between England and France. India was a colony of England. China was turned into a semi-colony, like the Ottoman Empire, they were prepared for dismemberment and complete slavery. Japan was made dependent on Anglo-Saxon capital.
In fact, the only territory that could be mastered and absorbed was Russia. However, the Russian Empire had a powerful army, and the Russian spirit was preserved to the people, so the Russians more than once gave a turn to uninvited search. The masters of the West from ancient times used the strategy of "divide and conquer." England deftly applied the policy of etching the most powerful continental powers. Therefore, at the beginning of the 20th century, a time-tested strategy was used. First, they vented the Russians with the Japanese, and then with the Germans. What ultimately led to the collapse of the Russian and German empires.
Thus, the owners of England, France and the United States vented each other and bloodied three powers, the natural union of which could lead to the emergence of a new alternative global project in Eurasia. In Germany, Russia and Japan, the ancient tradition of a strong central authority (autocracy) and a militarized aristocracy retained based on the masses of ordinary people. By this these powers differed from the usury, trade and speculative of France, England and the USA.
Having set off Russia and Japan, the masters of the West simultaneously struck from within. On the eve of the Russian-Japanese war in the West, they knew very well that the society in the Russian Empire was not united and unstable, that the country had entered a period that could end either with a collapse or a transformation. Peasant, workers and national issues were not resolved. Everyone knew about the Russian intelligentsia, educated on Western ideals, who hated the power of some kind of irrational hatred. It must be remembered that it was the Russian intelligentsia that became one of the main factors for the emergence of a revolution in Russia. Liberals even then considered honor and loyalty to the Motherland a shameful archaism, it was believed that one should love not the Fatherland, but the abstract "people".
Against this background, in the Russian Empire, the mass of all subversive evil spirits was allowed to breed, the “rats” - the Social Revolutionaries, terrorists, bombers, anarchists, people's socialists, social democrats, Bundists (Jewish socialists), Polish, Finnish, Baltic, Transcaucasian socialists, nationalists. They all opposed the empire. At the same time, almost all movements and groups of revolutionaries received generous funding from American and European financial centers. And during the war, Japan joined the financing of the revolutionaries. The security organs of the empire were amazed at the passivity, liberalism, and doing everything, except for catching the leaders and activists of the revolutionary organizations. This was largely due to the lack of will and indecisiveness of the top of the Russian Empire. The revolutionary infection did not dare to clean out of the empire building. A brief breath of fresh air was Stolypin’s decisive struggle.
A prominent representative of Western financial circles was Jacob Schiff. Hating autocracy for the "oppression" of his fellow tribesmen, he organized the financing of revolutionaries and terrorists inside Russia. On his money, the Social Revolutionaries-terrorists lived, who launched a real hunt for Russian generals, ministers, government people, those who still resisted the revolution, the collapse of the empire. Using his influence and connections, Schiff achieved that the credit of Russia everywhere turned out to be blocked. Japan was supplied with finances without any restrictions. She was financed by the USA and England.
The enemies of Russia very skillfully conducted a provocation, which became an occasion to the Revolution, having organized the so-called. Bloody sunday. Because of the back of peaceful demonstrators, someone opened fire on the soldiers. When the first soldiers fell on the snow, angry troops opened fire. The provocation turned out nice. The king in the eyes of the people turned into a cowardly murderer, and the country began a bloody turmoil. We will see similar provocations during many revolutions, coups in the 20th century, as well as during the “color revolutions” and the “Arab spring” of the beginning of the 21st century.
The Russian empire was blown up from the inside, using its weaknesses and the illnesses of society to its own advantage. It was necessary only at the right time to organize a few provocations, throw money in - to strike at the most painful points, and introduce the shock core of revolutionaries, agitators and propagandists. At the same time, the masters of the West easily made contact with respectable masons and liberals — well-known lawyers, bankers, industrialists, aristocrats, and outspoken terrorists, murderers, parochial nationalists. All just to destroy the country-civilization that is unacceptable to the West, just to create chaos and confusion in the right place of the planet.
The first attempt to crush the Russian empire did not lead to success. Japan de facto lost the war (although it won in all significant battles, drowned and captured the Russian fleet), having exhausted all resources, and was forced to seek peace through the mediation of the United States. Russia also had internal reserves to fight the revolution. The common people (“black hundred”) came out in defense of the king. There were tough and resolute generals in the army who were not afraid to shed blood in order to stop a lot of blood. The government led a determined and intelligent Stolypin, who made a final attempt to save the empire.
Thus, the Revolution 1905-1907's. should be considered as a process provoked by the West, with the aim of destroying or weakening the Russian empire. And also as a trial balloon, which showed the internal weakness of Russia. Petersburg in conditions of external conflict could not maintain the stability of society. At the same time, this revolution is an indicator of deep-seated internal contradictions that have accumulated during the reign of the Romanovs. The Russian empire approached the bifurcation point (fork) and could either collapse or be transformed. Nicholas II regime could not do it. Attempt Stolypin failed. He was not supported by the elite. As a result, the great statesman eliminated. Russia's participation in the First World War was the death sentence of the empire. The 1917 revolution has become inevitable.
It is worth noting that the modern Russian Federation in some respects follows the path of the Russian empire, only the processes are much faster. Taking the draft of the Romanovs as a model, the top of the Russian Federation, by default, has put Russia under attack. Loss of connection with heaven (archaization in the form of the growing role of the Christian, Islamic clergy has nothing to do with the goodwill of society); the absence of a project development program; Westernization, the loss of "his"; the division of society into a small stratum of the rich and the mass of the poor; an attempt by a significant part of the “elite” to join the Western hierarchy of the New World Order; degradation of culture, education, science and medicine; dependence of the country's finance and economy on the West and the East; deindustrialization; Russia's involvement in the war in the Ukraine-Ukraine and the Middle East, the prospect of war in the Caucasus and Central Asia, the conflict with Turkey and Japan, etc., all this leads Russia to the brink of a new geopolitical catastrophe. We are again at the bifurcation point. Transformation - or collapse and death.