Military Review

Ultimatum of Suvorov

40
Turkish Ishmael could not bear comparison with the current reversal of the Danube


This storm entered history as unprecedented. After all, according to Alexander Vasilyevich himself, Izmail’s fortress was without weak points, while the number of those who stormed turned out to be fewer defenders, which contradicted all the canons of tactics.

By the beginning of the Russian-Turkish war of 1787 – 1791, the Turks, under the leadership of German and French engineers, turned the city into a powerful impregnable fortress with high (in some places more than 10 meters) walls, walls and a wide moat filled with water to a depth of 10,7 meters. On 11 bastions, 260 guns were located. The military units of Ishmael included 35 thousand people.

The storming of the fortress on the orders of the commander-in-chief of the Southern Army, General Marshal Grigori Potemkin, was undertaken three times during this campaign. But neither Prince Nikolai Repnin, nor Field Marshal Ivan Gudovich, or Lieutenant-General Pavel Potemkin could take the fortifications. After that, the operation was commissioned to Alexander Suvorov.

Ultimatum of Suvorov

Veniamin Siberian, Yevgeny Danilevsky. "Storm of Ishmael"

Arriving 2 (13) December under Ishmael, he spent six days preparing for the assault, including teaching troops on the mock-ups of high fortress walls. Suvorov inspected the teachings and was generally satisfied. But, of course, he understood the complexity of the assault and its unpredictability.

Shortly before the attack, I sent a brief and clear letter-ultimatum to the head of the fortress in a Suvorov manner: “I arrived here with the troops. Twenty-four hours to think - and will. My first shot - already bondage. Storm is death. ” The response of the great serasker was impudent: "Rather, the Danube will flow backwards and the sky will fall to the ground than Izmail surrenders."

From dawn to lunch


On December 10 (21), at sunrise, the fortress was bombarded with Russian cannons from flank batteries, from the island and from ships flotilla (about 600 guns in total). It lasted almost a day and ended 2,5 hours before the assault. And at 3 a.m. on December 11 (22), 1790, the first signal rocket soared over the Russian camp, the troops rebuilt into columns and marched to places designated in advance. Suvorov needed darkness for the suddenness of the first blow and mastery of the shaft. Anticipating stubborn resistance, he wanted to have at his disposal as much daylight hours as possible.

The attackers were divided into three groups of three columns each. The division of Major General Osip de Ribas (9 thousand people) under the cover of the guns of the rowing fleet attacked from the river side, the right wing under the command of Lieutenant-General Pavel Potemkin (7500 man) was to strike from the western part of the fortress, the left wing of Lieutenant-General Alexander Samoilov (12 thousand people) - from the east. Westphalen Brigadier's Cavalry (2500 man) was in reserve. In total, Suvorov’s army numbered 31 a thousand men, including 15 thousands of reservists.

Before others, the second column of Major-General Boris Lassi approached the fortress. His huntsman under a hail of enemy bullets overpowered the shaft, and a fierce battle ensued at the top. At the same time, at the opposite end of the fortress, the sixth column of Major-General Mikhail Golenishchev-Kutuzov captured the bastion at the Kiliya Gate and occupied the rampage up to the neighboring fortifications.

The greatest difficulties fell to the share of the third column of Major General Fedor Meknob. She stormed the great northern bastion, adjacent to it to the east and the fortifications between them. In this place, the depth of the moat and the height of the shaft were so great that the stairs in the 5,5 fathoms (near 11,7 m) were short and had to be tied together by two under fire. But the main thing - the fortification was taken.

Other columns also completed the tasks, having overcome the shaft in their areas. By 8 hours of the morning, all the bastions were occupied, but resistance continued in the streets. Encouraged by the battle columns from different sides moved to the center of the city. At about noon, the units of Boris Lassi, who first reached the ramparts, were the first to reach the middle of the city. Here they were met by a large detachment of Krymchaks under the command of Maksud Giray. They defended stubbornly, and only when most of the squad was slaughtered, Giray surrendered to the 300 survivors. To support the infantry and ensure the success, Suvorov ordered the introduction of light guns into the city of 20 in order to clear the streets of the Turks with a canister. By one o'clock the victory was won. However, the battle is not over yet.

Part of the Krymchak detachment led by Kaplan Giray, brother of the Crimean Khan, attempted to escape from the fortress. With them there were several thousand horse and foot. The maneuver was a success, and the besieged broke through in the area of ​​the Kiliya gate on the site of Mikhail Kutuzov. But Suvorov brought a reserve into action, which quickly pushed the enemy into the coastal swamps. Standing knee-deep or even waist-deep in water and mud, the warriors fought almost with one cold weapons: it was impossible to reload the musket in the swamp. Rangers surrounded the enemy from all sides, habitually acting with bayonets that surpassed the Turkish saber in close combat. The Suvorov bogatyrs acted harshly and professionally, and soon everyone who broke through led by Kaplan Giray and his five sons were killed.

At 2 in the afternoon, the Russians occupied the city center. Part of the emaciated and wounded Turks pleaded for mercy. Ishmael fell.

Awards by rank


The losses of the enemy were huge, more than 26 thousands of people were killed alone. Nine thousand were taken into captivity; two thousand of them died of their wounds the next day. Of the entire garrison, only one man escaped. Lightly wounded, he swam across the Danube on a log. 265 guns were captured, up to three thousand pounds of gunpowder, 20 thousands of nuclei and many other military supplies, up to 400 flags, eight two-masted ships, 12 ferries, 22 light ships and a lot of rich booty, totaling up to 10 million piastres ). The Russians killed 64 officers (1 brigadier, 17 staff officers, 46 senior officers) and 1816 privates, injured 253 officers (three of them are major generals) and 2450 of the lowest ranks.

Suvorov took measures to ensure order in the captured fortress. Kutuzov, appointed commandant of Ishmael, in the most important places, placed guards. Opened the hospital. The bodies of the killed Russian soldiers were taken out of the city and buried according to the church rite. There were so many Turkish corpses that an order was given to throw bodies into the Danube, and prisoners were assigned to this work. Ishmael was cleared of dead enemies in only six days. And the captives were sent to the city of Nikolaev under the escort of the Cossacks.

Suvorov hoped to get the rank of Field Marshal for the assault of Ishmael, but Potemkin, requesting the award to the empress, offered to award him with a medal and the rank of guard lieutenant colonel or adjutant general. The medal was awarded, and Suvorov was appointed lieutenant colonel of the Preobrazhensky regiment. There were already ten such lieutenant colonels; Suvorov became the eleventh. The commander-in-chief of the Russian army, Prince Grigory Potemkin-Tavricheskiy, arrived in St. Petersburg and received as an award field marshal's uniform embroidered in diamonds, priced at 200 thousand rubles, the Tauride Palace. In Tsarskoe Selo, it was planned to build an obelisk to the prince depicting his victories and conquests. The lower ranks were given oval silver medals. For officers who did not receive the Order of St. George or Vladimir, they installed a gold cross with a corresponding inscription on the St. George ribbon. The chiefs received orders or golden swords, and some - ranks.

The conquest of Ishmael was of great political importance. It influenced the further course of the war and the conclusion of the Yassy peace in 1792, which confirmed the annexation of the Crimea to Russia and established the border with Turkey along the Dniester River. Thus, the entire northern Black Sea coast was assigned to Russia.

Many years later, Suvorov confessed to a burst of candor: “It was possible to decide on the assault of a similar fortress only once in a lifetime ...”
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  1. prabiz
    prabiz 21 December 2015 15: 39 New
    19
    “I arrived here with the troops. Twenty-four hours to think - and the will. My first shot is already bondage. The assault is death. "
    THIS IS ALSO NEEDED TO TALK WITH THE CURRENT TURKISH AUTHORITIES!
    1. Vend
      Vend 21 December 2015 15: 42 New
      +5
      Quote: prabiz
      “I arrived here with the troops. Twenty-four hours to think - and the will. My first shot is already bondage. The assault is death. "
      THIS IS ALSO NEEDED TO TALK WITH THE CURRENT TURKISH AUTHORITIES!

      This ultimatum is known from school. We had a legendary commander. Yes, and the current is not completely crushed.
      1. blog
        blog 22 December 2015 02: 17 New
        -1
        Quote: Wend
        This ultimatum is known from school.

        Yes, learning fables is part of the school curriculum. But only Krylova. And you have some kind of anonymous. Unknown author.
      2. The comment was deleted.
    2. Denis Obukhov
      Denis Obukhov 21 December 2015 15: 55 New
      +7
      The Turks had a clear advantage in all respects and the fortress commander was very experienced and brave. SO WHAT IS THE REAL REASON FOR OUR VICTORY? And the matter is not only in the military genius of A.V. Suvorov. And Alexander Vasilievich himself repeatedly pointed out that the strength of the Russian army, first of all, lies in the strength of the spirit of the Russian People. And this power was and is now based on Orthodoxy. Not without reason, during the most difficult moments of that assault on the soldiers, regimental priests raised them under a hail of bullets and buckshots, the first to rise, with the Cross of Christ in hand. And everyone knows the Suvorov testament: "Pray to God - victory is from Him!"
      1. nerd.su
        nerd.su 21 December 2015 16: 29 New
        +7
        Quote: Denis Obukhov
        "Pray to God - victory is from Him!"

        Hope for God, but do not make it yourself.
      2. corn
        corn 21 December 2015 17: 11 New
        +6
        Quote: Denis Obukhov
        The Turks had a clear advantage in all respects and the commander of the fortress was very experienced and bold.

        Not this way.
        31 thousand for the Russians (who felt the taste of victory, it means high morale), 36 thousand for the Turks (gathered in Izmail from previously defeated troops, with low morale).
        600 guns from Russians and 260 guns from Turks. For almost a day of shelling, Turkish artillery was neutralized.
        Losses of Russians - less than 2.5 thousand killed and about the same number of wounded, Turkish losses - 26 thousand killed, 9 thousand prisoners. I think 26 thousand not bayonet ruined.
        And the commander genius of Suvorov. And, believe me, the role of regimental priests was not very high. Although to deny the sincere faith of Suvorov in God can only a very narrow-minded person.
        1. Bersaglieri
          Bersaglieri 21 December 2015 19: 00 New
          0
          +1
          Ahead of the same thoughts.
      3. Bersaglieri
        Bersaglieri 21 December 2015 18: 55 New
        0
        The main success is in siege artillery. Mortars and unicorns.
        1. Tiger4
          Tiger4 21 December 2015 20: 39 New
          +1
          Unicorn. Not siege artillery!
      4. Bersaglieri
        Bersaglieri 21 December 2015 19: 55 New
        +2
        "Holy spirit gunpowder and bullets, can not be replaced"
      5. Nekarmadlen
        Nekarmadlen 23 December 2015 02: 58 New
        +1
        Before the battle of Tsushima, they also served prayers, and the Orthodox performed all the rituals ... It did not help (((((
    3. BLACK-SHARK-64
      BLACK-SHARK-64 21 December 2015 16: 13 New
      +2
      Suvorov, Kutuzov, the great commanders of Russia .....
      1. blog
        blog 22 December 2015 02: 20 New
        -1
        Quote: BLACK-SHARK-64
        Suvorov, Kutuzov, the great commanders of Russia ....

        Kutuzov will still be steeper. Much.
  2. Lanista
    Lanista 21 December 2015 15: 44 New
    +3
    Alexander Vasilievich, by the way, was somewhat offended by the leadership for underestimating his success, because counted on a more serious recognition of merit. However, instead of expressing his resentment publicly, with his further victories, he achieved much more serious awards.
    1. Uncle VasyaSayapin
      Uncle VasyaSayapin 22 December 2015 14: 32 New
      +1
      Centuries later, of course, his grievances do not look much different. For us descendants, he himself is an order, and his rank is Suvorov, higher than any military ranks that existed in Russia.
  3. ImPerts
    ImPerts 21 December 2015 15: 45 New
    +5
    This is a great man! Whoever and what would not think:
  4. ImPerts
    ImPerts 21 December 2015 15: 50 New
    0
    - Alcibiades chopped off the tail of his dog to give food to the rumors of the mob and to distract her attention from his real occupations. The actions and words of Suvorov, which he allowed around the city, were his dog without a tail. (C) Pyotr Vyazemsky.
  5. Denis Obukhov
    Denis Obukhov 21 December 2015 15: 59 New
    +5
    Not a single source of Suvorov’s hope for the rank of Field Marshal and his resentment for that. that they didn’t give him that, they weren’t fixed, and this whole story is an old joke, which has long been refuted by experts, first of all V.A. Lopatin. Here it is said about the medal as about an ordinary award, so, something like a ZBZ, while we are talking about a special medal in honor of the capture, with the profile of a commander - very few received such an honor. The fact that “for Turkey it was a complete military disaster” is not entirely true - yes. the blow was heavy, the war lasted another year, another thing, the reason was not so much the military power of the Ottoman Empire, but the strongest pressure on Russia from Great Britain and Prussia. But after the victories of Russian weapons under Machin and Kaliakria (incidentally, and skillful maneuvers of Russian diplomacy, including Potemkin), this did not help, but the author did not mention them.
    1. ICT
      ICT 22 December 2015 08: 12 New
      +1
      Quote: Denis Obukhov
      and this whole story is an old joke,


      I had a little book like "historical jokes" I read excitedly (there an episode from the advertisement was described)
  6. REDBLUE
    REDBLUE 21 December 2015 16: 01 New
    +1
    Great person! Great Victories!
  7. SMS
    SMS 21 December 2015 16: 04 New
    +6
    His saints must be made like Ushakova, the greatest Russian commander! And why the feature film has not yet been shot about the assault on Ishmael, it is not clear that some stupid weekend TV shows are stamped. We have such a rich history, no one has it, just take it off.
    1. KBR109
      KBR109 21 December 2015 16: 13 New
      +2
      But for some reason the commander Serdyukov was made a "saint". That bad luck! It remains to shoot a film about him.
    2. miv110
      miv110 23 December 2015 06: 29 New
      0
      Right now! If only not as the movie "Great"!
  8. 97110
    97110 21 December 2015 16: 05 New
    +3
    a moat filled with water up to 10,7 meters deep.
    What for? Were you planning to ship the Panamax pellets? Used a multi-pack dredger for dredging or dug in dry land, and applied water with buckets? Or is the danger of falling asleep by the attackers so great that the really wild volume of dredging is justified? How are the walls of the moat reinforced? At a depth of 10,7 m, they cannot be at an angle of repose. How did they force this moat? The report is interesting, but about the "Ainu column marshirt .." has been read more than once. Or do people with more professional military have no such questions? How did Charles 12 with the best army of Europe of Poltava not take, and the ditches there, according to the descriptions of Victoria, were not dug, the garrison was few and weakly armed? Alexander Vasilich, superior in strength to the enemy through the ditch, three times deeper than the normalized depth of the ship's passage on the Unified Deepwater System of Inland Waterways of the European part of the USSR, overcame by 08-00? Plus I put the author for publication on an interesting topic. But the fact of tying stairs is not enough. How to drown this ladder in a ditch by 10,7 m. - does it float?
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Moore
      Moore 22 December 2015 09: 42 New
      0
      There is such a scheme of fortifications with sections.
      If you look closely, on the lower profile the depth of the ditch, judging by the ruler, is in the region of five fathoms, i.e. approximately declared 10,7m.
      Naturally, this is not the entire length of the moat (we look at the two upper profiles).
      Perhaps the water from the Danube passed into a part of the moat, which then gave someone the opportunity to conclude that the moat was filled with water.
  9. Consul-t
    Consul-t 21 December 2015 16: 08 New
    0
    Now we would have such decisive commanders. Shoigu is certainly not Suvorov, but also well done.
    Where are the others?
    Something we publicly did not hear our commanders. Do we have such? Who will say?
    I understand that now bring Lebed, Gromov ...
    And the others? Such that in the West would have thought whether to climb to us ...
    1. KBR109
      KBR109 21 December 2015 16: 23 New
      +1
      It is forbidden for servicemen to open their mouths, except for Konashenkov and another 2-3 people. Are you really the first to hear about this?
      1. Consul-t
        Consul-t 22 December 2015 00: 19 New
        -1
        I am not a military man and I do not have to know fathers-commanders.
        He served an urgent and a citizen.
        Therefore, excuse me, but ... did not hear, we do not know.
    2. Tiger4
      Tiger4 21 December 2015 20: 41 New
      0
      Gromov-VOR near Moscow!
    3. trantor
      trantor 22 December 2015 09: 51 New
      0
      Quote: Consul-t
      Something we publicly did not hear our commanders. Do we have such? Who will say?

      “Well, damn it, you give” (c) - in order for new names to appear, war is needed (Gromov) or conflict, at least (Swan).
    4. oldkap22
      oldkap22 22 December 2015 11: 30 New
      0
      I think. The swan and the thunders are far from generals but politicians ... How the swan set us up in the elections ...! There will no longer be anyone like Rokossovsky! now more villas and cars on mind ...
      1. blog
        blog 22 December 2015 12: 45 New
        0
        Quote: oldkap22
        Swan and Gromov Far from generals but politicians ... How Swan set us up in the elections ...!

        I agree. That swan was still a "commander." In fact, I’ve not fought anywhere. And by and large did not command anything. And his army at the time of his appointment did not even exist on paper. Only management was available for the propagation of general posts. And some parts in total with the division.
  10. slaw14
    slaw14 21 December 2015 16: 25 New
    0
    For a long time in the West they tried not to believe in the fall of Ishmael - he was considered an impregnable fortress.
  11. Drshan
    Drshan 21 December 2015 16: 29 New
    0
    Nobody even dared to “win science” even to challenge!
  12. krez71
    krez71 21 December 2015 18: 44 New
    +2
    Firstly, the message to the besieged and their response to Suvorov is only a beautiful myth. An ultimatum was written in a respectful tone in Turkish, personally by Suvorov. The answer was no, but also respectful. For the curious, I suggest google. The second - Ishmael is not a medieval castle, with the advent of artillery ceased to build continuous Kremlin walls. The described moats are also perplexing. On the Internet came across a diagram of Ishmael drawn by De Ribas, who was participating in the siege. Minusanul article - copy and post? And for what? We know all this text from school.
    1. Mountain shooter
      Mountain shooter 21 December 2015 19: 34 New
      +1
      I read The Science of Winning by Alexander Vasilievich. It is all written in such a language as the ultimatum. Why would a celebrated commander change his communication style? He and the emperors did not fool too much.
      As for the ditches and shafts - this must be understood on the layout or model. In any case, the dashing take (before lunch!) Of a strong fortification with an EXCELLENT enemy in number, quite fierce and armed no worse, is a real victory. Yes, even losses - one in ten!
      1. krez71
        krez71 21 December 2015 20: 15 New
        0
        That's the trouble of myths - they are very firmly rooted ... I have no doubt that you have read the Science of Winning. Printed and named by the publishers. Suvorov himself wrote the book "Suzdal Institution."
      2. krez71
        krez71 21 December 2015 20: 15 New
        0
        That's the trouble of myths - they are very firmly rooted ... I have no doubt that you have read the Science of Winning. Printed and named by the publishers. Suvorov himself wrote the book "Suzdal Institution."
  13. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 21 December 2015 19: 40 New
    +1
    As for the famous ultimatum - Suvorov's ultimatum was! There was a lengthy letter from Potemkin with proposals for surrender - and a note was attached to it, the text of which is called Suvorov's ultimatum. And this is historical truth.
  14. krez71
    krez71 21 December 2015 19: 46 New
    0
    To the Ishmael authorities

    7 декабря 1790 года

    from the General-Anshef and the gentleman

    Count Suvorov-Rymnitsky.



    To the excellent Mr. Seraskir Magamet Pasha Aidozle, commander in Ishmael; venerable Sultans and other Pasha and all officials.

    Commencing the siege and assault of Izmail by Russian troops, consisting of a noble number, but, observing the duty of mankind, in order to avert the bloodshed and cruelty that is incurring, let me know through this to Your Excellency and respectable Sultans! And I demand returns without resistance. All possible ways to the benefits of yours and all the inhabitants will be shown here! What I expect about this after twenty-four hours of decisive notice from you to perceive me actions. Otherwise, it will be too late for mankind to benefit when not only no one but the women themselves and innocent babies from annoyed hostilities can be spared, and for this no one like you and all the officials should give an answer to God.
  15. moskowit
    moskowit 21 December 2015 21: 12 New
    +2
    Even in an article about Veliky Suvorov they cannot do without “lack of knowledge”. Let's look at such a pearl ...
    "... In total, the army of Suvorov numbered 31 thousand people, including 15 thousand reservists ..."

    Who did the author call “reservists”? According to current terminology, reservists are trained stocks of various categories. It is clear that the author was mistaken. But to be checked, aplomb does not allow!
    We will not use reference books and fundamental encyclopedias, but look at a very superficial Wikipedia ...

    "... The attacking troops were divided into 3 detachment (wing) by 3 columns each. The detachment of Major General de Ribas (9000 people) attacked from the river side; the right wing under the command of Lieutenant General P. S. Potemkin (7500 people) should it was to strike from the western part of the fortress; the left wing of Lieutenant General A. Samoilov (12000 men) from the east.The cavalry reserves of the Westfalen brigade (2500 men) were on the land side.Total Suvorov's army consisted of 31 thousand people, including 15 thousand - irregular ... "

    And what we see is also a mistake, but already admissible, consonant with the correct concept, but not in essence.
    Troops that were not recruited by recruitment were called irregular. These included Cossacks of various military societies, Kalmyk and Bashkir cavalry.

    Let's get to the end. Be patient and take a look at Wikipedia.

    "... Irregular troops (from the late Latin irregularis - wrong) [7], unlike regular troops - troops that do not have a firm and permanent organization or in their manning, military service, training, education, uniforms are significantly different from regular troops , equipped themselves, equipped, armed and provided horses .. Earlier in Russia, troops consisted of Cossacks and foreign units [4].

    Irregular formations, as highly maneuverable, but poorly armed and not sufficiently trained for action in the ranks (see Linear tactics) were assigned to units and formations of the regular Russian army to carry out specific activities for this type of light cavalry, reconnaissance and observation, patrols, outposts, ambushes, raids and raids on the rear and the pursuit of a broken running enemy ... "
    1. Uncle VasyaSayapin
      Uncle VasyaSayapin 22 December 2015 15: 01 New
      0
      These were the Cossacks. Auto RU (-). A person can read and think that the military registration and enlistment offices of the reservists registered, from those who had previously served, received summons, while there were no military commissariats, no summons, no accounting, no reservists, because served 25 years, not 12 months. The army consisted of regular troops: professional military men from noblemen and serfs and irregulars: Cossacks and foreigners.
  16. Warrior2015
    Warrior2015 22 December 2015 18: 04 New
    +2
    In total, Suvorov’s army numbered 31 a thousand men, including 15 thousands of reservists.

    Yes, I, too, this "cut out" eyes! What are reservists in the 18 century? And to call the Cossacks bad warriors - well, this is how to say ... Just the manner of fighting they was different, but they stormed notably.

    In this place, the depth of the moat and the height of the shaft were so great that the stairs in the 5,5 fathoms (near 11,7 m) were short and had to be tied together by two under fire. But the main thing - the fortification was taken.
    But this is already called banal - "bad reconnaissance areas." And this is just not to the credit of military commanders, and especially the engineering service or its counterpart of the Russian army.

    Quote: Denis Obukhov
    The Turks had a clear advantage in all respects and the commander of the fortress was very experienced and bold.
    Yes, I said that is not quite so. But even more so - that the myth is one thing, the reality is different. The fact is that there is no accurate data on the forces of the defenders of Ishmael. And it is known that there were at least 10 thousands of Crimean Tatars and a lot of civilians, and literally everything was destroyed in the city, and the number of 26000 is all the corpses of all the Mohammedans found in the city. So Alexander Vasilyevich did not throw an incomprehensible assault without hope of success - but on the contrary, he accurately calculated everything and brilliantly struck!

    Quote: corn
    600 guns from Russians and 260 guns from Turks. For almost a day of shelling, Turkish artillery was neutralized.
    Exactly ! And before this bombing, Ishmael was badly destroyed - the question was simply solved - or we would try to storm, or we would leave ... We decided to try our luck - and we were not mistaken!

    Quote: blogg
    Kutuzov will still be steeper. Much.
    What? Technically, he lost all his decisive battles - Austerlitz, Borodino, Maloyaroslavets ... and "Suvorov did not lose battles."

    Quote: Denis Obukhov
    The fact that “for Turkey it was a complete military disaster” is not quite true - yes. the blow was hard, the war lasted another year
    Yes, and it was the field battles that completed it - the faerie Rymnik and Machinskoe battle. After them, the Turks had a broken spirit ...

    Quote: 97110
    As Karl 12 with the best army of Europe did not take Poltava, and according to Victoria’s descriptions, the ditches were not dug up, the garrison was few and poorly armed?
    Let me tell you a little secret - the garrison in Poltava numbered as much as Karl’s infantry was - approximately 8 thousand against 10 thousand. And the “Swedish kirol” did not want to put his army at the Poltava walls, leading the siege.

    And the genius of Suvorov was that the Russians before him twice unsuccessfully stormed Ishmael and thought that he could only be taken by siege, and he said - it is possible! and I know how! and the fortress fell before his invincible sword!
    1. blog
      blog 22 December 2015 18: 18 New
      +1
      Quote: Warrior2015
      Technically, he lost all his decisive battles - Austerlitz, Borodino, Maloyaroslavets ... and "Suvorov did not lose battles."

      Evaluate commanders need the final result. The end result is not the number of battles and battles won or lost, but the final result of a company. Including the most important factor, the loss factor. And the scale of the company itself, of course.
      Kutuzov brilliantly spent the main military company of his life, the company against Napoleon. And if he had not been forced (directly or indirectly) to accept the battle of Borodino, he would have conducted it even more brilliantly. This company should not be underestimated. In fact, this particular war was the first world war, and not the one that happened in the early 20th century. Those. in fact, Kutuzov won the first real world war.
      Suvorov cannot boast of such proportions. Yes, and his opponent was simpler.
  17. Stilet
    Stilet 10 January 2016 00: 03 New
    +2
    Wonderful heroes! Bullet fool, bayonet well done! The brave is always in front, the coward and behind are killing! Actually to this day. We must believe in God and in our soldier!