Military Review

November 13 - Day of the troops RCBZ Russia

38
November 13 in Russia celebrates the Day of the troops of radiation, chemical and biological protection. In the calendar of professional holidays of military personnel this day appeared on the basis of presidential decree number 549 of 31 in May 2006 of the year. Military personnel of RCBZ troops are called upon to solve a wide range of tasks both in wartime and in peacetime. List of tasksfacing the troops of the RCBZ troops are as follows:


detection of nuclear explosions;
carrying out radiation-chemical-biological (RCB) reconnaissance, conducting dosimetry and chemical monitoring;
assessment of the RCB situation after the enemy has applied weapons of mass destruction, destruction (accidents) of radiation, chemically and biologically hazardous objects;
the implementation of special treatment of personnel, weapons, equipment, disinfection areas of terrain and military facilities, as well as disinfection and provision of medical care to victims;
control over changes in the degree of contamination of the area with radioactive products;
inflicting casualties on the enemy using incendiary weapons;
aerosol counteraction to precision weapons and enemy reconnaissance equipment;
the implementation of aerosol (smoke) camouflage of troops and objects;
supplying formations and units with weapons and RCB protection equipment;
repair of weapons and equipment RCB protection;
impact assessment and prediction of a possible RCB situation;
eliminating the consequences of accidents (destruction) at radiation, chemically and biologically hazardous objects;
training of personnel of other arms and civilians in behavior in emergency situations related to RCB pollution; training in handling personal protective equipment.


November 13 - Day of the troops RCBZ Russia


Behind these military-like dry formulations, sometimes truly heroic work is hidden, aimed at preserving the life and health of thousands of people. After all, the use by the enemy of weapons of mass destruction, which is any type of weapon from the composition of the RCB, as well as any man-made disaster at the facility of one of the RCB components, can lead to enormous negative consequences.

One of the areas of activity that has recently received active attention is the disposal of chemical weapons. First of all, we are talking about the process of disposing of the domestic potential of chemical weapons, as well as the disposal of chemical weapons, which remained in warehouses controlled by the Syrian government army. According to the latest data, at the specialized facilities of the RFBZ of the Russian Federation up to 75% of Russian chemical weapons were liquidated. The process of utilization of the Syrian chemical weapons potentials exported outside the country is almost complete.

One of the largest facilities for the disposal of chemical weapons in Russia is a special object located in the Bryansk region (Pochep city).



The main profile of the Pochep utilization facility is the process of neutralizing bombs filled with poisonous substances, including soman, sarin, VX, etc. Recycling of ammunition is also carried out, in which chlorine is the main toxic agent. Due to the most serious threat to the life and health of military specialists involved in the disposal of chemical weapons, the entire neutralization process is carried out at special sealed automated stations. In a special chamber, the capsule is dismantled and the poisonous substance is extracted from it, which is transformed into a new low-activity chemical compound without a so-called poisonous component through a series of chemical reactions and physical processes (including thermal neutralization).

Due to the fact that international experts receive reports that militants in Syria use chemical weapons, certain volumes of which are created by them in artisanal conditions, it can be stated that the work of the CW liquidators is not exactly completed. At the same time, there is quite a heated discussion about whether it is necessary to make 100% utilization of the Russian potential of chemical weapons, or, because of the far from cloudless situation in the world, should we abandon the idea of ​​complete chemical disarmament? This question obviously requires balanced approaches to obtaining an unambiguous answer to it. After all, we are talking about weapons of mass destruction.



One of the heroic pages, unfortunately, permeated with tragedy, stories RCBZ troops in our country is a page dedicated to the elimination of the consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. From the first days, the personnel of the RCBZ troops was directly involved in the activities in the contaminated area after the Chernobyl accident. The servicemen, having a theoretical understanding of the effect of radiation, acted literally at the front line of a fight with an invisible enemy. For obvious reasons, no theoretical preparation can give a complete picture of the danger of radiation.

The soldiers of the RCBZ troops (at that time - the chemical defense troops, or simply "chemists"), finding themselves at the walls of the emergency unit a few days after the disaster, measured the background radiation to draw up a radiation picture, sometimes having only baggy suits, rag masks or gas masks.

The dosimetric indices, expected at a level of several hundred micro roentgen / hour, were often simply “swallowed” by the scale. It turned out that in some areas of the object the level of radiation must be measured far not in micro, but in X-rays, and even in hundreds of X-rays per hour. With such a level of radiation, the dose received in just a few minutes could be an annual “normal”, which led either to death or to a severe radiation sickness affecting organs at the cellular level.

The battle of chemical defense troops with an invisible enemy in Chernobyl was conducted under the leadership of General Vladimir Pikalov, Chief of the Chemical Troops of the USSR Ministry of Defense. He led the troops in 1969, and by 1986, he had a huge management experience. However, in Chernobyl, even such a solid experience did not become decisive, since all the work had to be built from scratch, because it was a challenge of a completely different scale than all those that the troops had to deal with earlier.



The names of the officers who in the 1986 year were included in the task force under the leadership of Colonel-General V. Pikalov should be mentioned. These are the generals and officers of the Military Academy of Chemical Protection, officers of the Directorate of the Chief of the Chemical Forces, 33 Central Research Institute of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation:
Rear Admiral V.Vladimirov, Major General V.Kavunov, Captain of the 1 Rank Yu. Timoshkin, Colonel V.Kuzmichev, Captain of the 2 Rank E.Volkov, Lieutenant Colonels N.Andreev, V.Petraitis, A.Bazhenov, A. Mikshta.

By May 1986, 2 brigades, 7 regiments and 3 individual battalions of the chemical defense forces were deployed in the contaminated zone in the area of ​​the Chernobyl accident. The total number of troops consisted of more than 10 thousand people.

The contribution of the chemical protection troops (from 1992 of the year - RCBZ) to the process of eliminating the consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant is truly enormous. All these people, sacrificing their own health, did what made it possible to prevent the spread of a terrible and invisible enemy - radiation - to significantly larger territories. And if it were not for the selfless work of the liquidators, it is not known how events would develop after a global scale accident that occurred on 26 on April of 1986.

The invaluable experience gained by the troops was documented and formed the basis of scientific materials that are studied in specialized military colleges.

“Military Review” congratulates the servicemen of the RCBZ troops, service veterans and expresses special gratitude to the people who were directly involved in the process of eliminating the consequences of man-made accidents of the RCB nature, including the Chernobyl accident.

Happy Holidays!
Photos used:
https://vk.com, fb.ru
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  1. Vladimyrych
    Vladimyrych 13 November 2015 06: 04 New
    17
    Congratulations to you, "Bumblebees" pacifiers and "Buratin" trainers!
    And take care of all radioactive and chemical rubbish.
    1. Lord of the Sith
      Lord of the Sith 13 November 2015 06: 48 New
      14
      Happy Holiday! My uncle was at the Chernobyl disaster response. By the way, we have created a battalion of RCBZ in the DPR drinks
      1. Baikonur
        Baikonur 13 November 2015 09: 23 New
        +7
        Congratulations to RKhBzshnikov! drinks

        PS: The most unloved command and standard: "Put on the OZK! Gases!" laughing
        1. Was mammoth
          Was mammoth 13 November 2015 09: 51 New
          +5
          "Flash on the right" will be more fun. First you need to snuggle into the boots of the person standing next to you, and only then the OZK. wink
        2. The Chat
          The Chat 13 November 2015 10: 03 New
          +4
          PS: The most unloved command and standard: "Put on the OZK! Gases!" laughing[/ Quote]

          You're wrong. In winter, when it was cold and windy, during the exercises they specifically asked to command this joyful team. Such a buzz. Heat.
          But in the summer, DEATH! In half an hour you’re no one. Even a cockroach with one foot will hurt ....
    2. Zoldat_A
      Zoldat_A 13 November 2015 08: 18 New
      +6
      Quote: Vladimir
      Congratulations to you, "Bumblebees" pacifiers and "Buratin" trainers!
      And take care of all radioactive and chemical rubbish.

      We have a major nachkhim, when I was serving an emergency, I liked to throw a smoke bomb into a winter smoking room and support the door from the outside. He loved until we, instead of rushing to put on gas masks, pulled out a grill on the second floor with the window and jumped from the second floor ... laughing Until now, in terrible dreams, I dream that I put on chemical protection, an OZK suit, and run five in it ... laughing It is true that the chief of the physics department had already been expelled, but he felt the edge of the conditions under which the "chemists" had to serve ...

      Where only, what devils didn’t have to climb on the horns, but in the fourth power unit it would somehow rattle ...

      Happy holiday to all "chemists"! soldier drinks
      1. Watchdog
        Watchdog 13 November 2015 09: 01 New
        +6
        Yes, we invented "Warrior", and all people are dressed in the antediluvian OZK, which seems to have been created in hell for bashing recruits. Why not introduce L-1 for everyone? It is, in principle, two times faster to put on and easier.
        Happy chemists!
      2. The Chat
        The Chat 13 November 2015 10: 06 New
        +6
        We didn’t have such a disgrace. They threw a grenade with tear gas. We blocked all records for putting on a gas mask in excess.
        1. Basarev
          Basarev 14 November 2015 06: 34 New
          +1
          Are there any more modern versions of OZK? After all, all this tyagomotin with donning and transcendent stuffiness inside is somehow not according to the canon ... Yes, and he himself is a relic of the sixties ...
          1. Rivares
            Rivares 14 November 2015 22: 15 New
            0
            I don’t know in the army, but on a civilian at the exhibition I saw a light chemical protection with an oxygen mask.
  2. narval20
    narval20 13 November 2015 06: 12 New
    +9
    Oh, hard and responsible service for the guys.
    With all due respect to their professionalism and courage - WITH A HOLIDAY! soldier
  3. parusnik
    parusnik 13 November 2015 06: 22 New
    10
    The contribution of chemical defense troops (since 1992 - RKhBZ) to the process of eliminating the consequences of the Chernobyl accident is truly enormous.
    Happy Holiday! and Bright memory to those who eliminated the accident ..
    1. Throw
      Throw 13 November 2015 06: 39 New
      +9
      Congratulatory song for fighters RHBZ! fellow

  4. SAM 5
    SAM 5 13 November 2015 06: 35 New
    +5
    Happy holiday guys! drinks
  5. moskowit
    moskowit 13 November 2015 06: 46 New
    +6
    Happy holiday to all "chemists"! Current and "spare".
  6. avia1991
    avia1991 13 November 2015 06: 57 New
    +5
    November 13, Russia celebrates the Day of the troops of radiation, chemical and biological protection
    What would we do without you .. IN FULL SERIOUS: if - God forbid! - a real mess will begin, you will be at the forefront! It is unlikely that anyone will be able to fulfill the promises of a "non-nuclear victorious war."
    So - health to you, men, a strong rear, and - only educational anxieties! HAPPY HOLIDAY! good drinks
  7. Sergey Guriev
    Sergey Guriev 13 November 2015 07: 49 New
    +3
    Paapaa! Well, let the elephants run! I remember some moments of the service and shudder, but at times it was fun. In the "suit" you can't see who you are, dushman or grandpa. It was possible to shove and kick without consequences, and no one understood where and how the black eye appeared in any place on the body after the rubber march. At the end, he threw off the overalls, poured out of his boots, it felt like he was in heaven. Whoever has been there knows. We ourselves rarely got into such a situation, mainly by flight. But there was also an RHiBZ unit in the unit. We really felt sorry for them, really hard work. Happy Holidays.
  8. Was mammoth
    Was mammoth 13 November 2015 08: 44 New
    +4
    Happy Holiday, chemists!
    We had a battalion of security and chemical protection. They were actually "processed" at the test site once a year.
    The time was when he served, they were preparing to fight in the conditions of weapons of mass destruction. Once a week, a day of chemical protection, a day or two alarms. So that two or three days a week they "fought" in gas masks and OZK and "sniffed" chloropicrinchik to check. Refuellers - in C1.
  9. avt
    avt 13 November 2015 09: 06 New
    +2
    Happy Hymdy!
  10. AlNikolaich
    AlNikolaich 13 November 2015 09: 16 New
    +3
    I want to congratulate the team of the former SVVIUHZ! Uncle my deceased and brother
    His cousin was finishing it ... Now the ruins are there ...
    God willing, everything will be reborn. Happy holiday!
    PS Special greetings to the guys from Shihan!
  11. The Chat
    The Chat 13 November 2015 09: 59 New
    +4
    Finally, it is a holiday on our street (RKhBZ), and even more and more rocket launchers advertise and fly pilots.
    Congratulations to your colleagues. In 1974 he graduated from SVVIUHZ. Now in stock. I hope forever ....
  12. Roy
    Roy 13 November 2015 10: 23 New
    +3
    Happy Holidays! You are not afraid of any infection in us! Keep it up!
  13. Nikita Gromov
    Nikita Gromov 13 November 2015 10: 46 New
    +2
    Happy Holidays, dear friends! I wish you, as a citizen, to successfully carry out the necessary cleansing and wellness prophylaxis to disinfect our society from the current liberal infection and the plague!
  14. kursk87
    kursk87 13 November 2015 10: 47 New
    +3
    Congratulations on the holiday to all military personnel and those who once served in the RKhBZ troops. One must have immense courage to deal with various nuclear, chemical and bacteriological threats
  15. Hell's Angel
    Hell's Angel 13 November 2015 11: 51 New
    +2
    I congratulate the "chemists" from the bottom of my heart. Today is also 25 years since the formation of the OSN FSIN. Happy holiday guys! Good luck!
  16. runway
    runway 13 November 2015 14: 12 New
    +2
    A holiday with tears in his eyes.
    How many of you are left after the last reforms ....
    Residual picking. Not without reason in certain circles of the genus of the Ground Forces called HERODES.
    Friday. The thirteenth.
  17. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 13 November 2015 14: 29 New
    +1
    Happy Holidays! Servicemen and Veterans "chemists"! From the whole soul!
  18. tank64rus
    tank64rus 13 November 2015 14: 35 New
    +1
    Happy Holidays! The RKhBZ troops are 97 years old.
  19. Bort radist
    Bort radist 13 November 2015 14: 58 New
    +2
    Happy "Chem - Smoke" holiday. One of the most dangerous services. He sniffed chloropicrin twice and ran a platoon 2 km for a while for a company. I will remember these impressions for the rest of my life. But every day it is a feat to prepare and "communicate" with OM, with liquids in excess of flammable, smoke, radiation, ........
  20. Mangel olys
    Mangel olys 13 November 2015 15: 18 New
    +5
    I join in the congratulations to the RHBZ people. I want to say that many of us, after serving in the Armed Forces in civilian life, got a job as chiefs of staff for civil defense and emergency situations and secretaries. So I would like to congratulate all employees of the RSP on the holiday, which is also celebrated today. Happy service day for the protection of state secrets! And remember comrades, "Chatterbox, a find for a spy", sacredly guard state and military secrets
    1. 205577
      205577 13 November 2015 19: 05 New
      +1
      Thank you, only today is not the day of the CSP, but the day of the CBC.
  21. Dad Uassia
    Dad Uassia 13 November 2015 15: 57 New
    +2
    Congratulations to the soldiers of the Republican Chemical Chemistry Base. I wish you to solve problems only in exercises.
  22. 205577
    205577 13 November 2015 19: 00 New
    0
    Great of course and happy holiday!
    Only now there is another holiday ... 7 + 5 - with the holiday of all those who know the correct answer!
  23. acetophenon
    acetophenon 13 November 2015 20: 43 New
    +2
    VUS 111000! Congratulations to everyone!
  24. Paranoid50
    Paranoid50 13 November 2015 22: 10 New
    +4
    Happy holidays, guys !!! By God, without you - nowhere. We envied the RChBZ company in a white way, because it was the most "packed" unit in our unit, and this was in the middle of the "gloomy" 90s. The chemist himself, but when he arrived at the unit, the staff of the RKhBZ was already staffed ... Well, okay, once again with a holiday, chemosis !!! PS If art is a god of war, then RCBZ are magicians and sorcerers. drinks
  25. sgapich
    sgapich 13 November 2015 23: 35 New
    +2
    All colleagues with a holiday !!! (00-02 military unit 93443)
  26. Love
    Love 14 November 2015 20: 15 New
    +1
    RKhBZ - Spill X @ Do Chat In Vain drinks laughing Happy holiday to all involved!
  27. Egor123
    Egor123 14 November 2015 21: 35 New
    +1
    Happy Holidays! drinks