Military Review

The Truth About Creating an Atomic Bomb (Asahi Shimbun, Japan)

14
Why did the USSR rush to develop nuclear weapons.The Truth About Creating an Atomic Bomb (Asahi Shimbun, Japan)


The atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which the United States carried out in August 1945 of the year, gave birth to the Mayak nuclear plant in far away Russia. The USSR also had an atomic bomb at its disposal, so the United States could not retreat. This led to a nuclear race between the two superpowers, with the result that mankind got as many nuclear bombs in its hands as it is more than enough to destroy all life on Earth.

Hence the question: if the USA did not use nuclear weapons, would the USSR start developing it?

Having prepared the material, I returned to Moscow from Chelyabinsk and met with Alexei Kirichenko, who is engaged in history Russian-Japanese relations. Previously, he worked in the counterintelligence department of the KGB and was responsible for Japan. Alexey is the author of the book “Little-known moments of the 200-year history of Russian-Japanese relations.” He is also well versed in the issue of nuclear weapons.

He told me the following: “The USSR began to fully develop the development of nuclear weapons in 1943. He managed to get the relevant materials through spies. And the fact that the United States used nuclear weapons forced the USSR to accelerate development. ”

At the end of 1938, the process of nuclear fission was opened. After that, Nazi Germany began research related to the production of nuclear weapons. The fear of these developments led to the emergence in the United States of the Manhattan project, which was thrown into enormous human and financial resources. In 1943, the USSR also began developing nuclear weapons. The team of scientists led by physicist Igor Kurchatov. The 1945 summer of the year showed that the United States was ahead of the USSR, which caused irritation in Moscow. The USSR was four years behind the USA. Only in August 1949, he was able to conduct successful nuclear tests.

Perhaps, if the US did not use nuclear weapons, the USSR would also not hasten to rush its development. David Holloway’s Stalin and the Bomb contains the following observations:

“Stalin immediately put the nuclear project on a new track. He began to take the bomb seriously, not because it finally reached the councils of scientists, but as a result of the demonstration of the strength of the bomb by the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. ”

“A new and terrible weapon began to turn over the balance of power that emerged at the end of the Second World War. Stalin tried to restore this balance through the earliest acquisition of nuclear weapons. "

Kirichenko notes the following: “There was no need to drop atomic bombs. It was a retribution for the attack on Pearl Harbor, as well as a warning and a threat to the USSR. ”

There is a theory that atomic bombing saved the lives of 500 to thousands of American soldiers. According to Kirichenko, this is an absurd American myth. “Japan was exsanguinated. There were no bullets or food. Japan made a big mistake. If she had adopted the Potsdam Declaration in July 1945, there would have been no atomic bombing or an attack by the USSR on Japan. ”

Soviet spy witnessed the effects of atomic strikes

The USSR has created an extensive spy network in the main countries. Richard Sorge reported on the activities of the Japanese government. In fact, after the atomic bombings, Moscow sent its agents to Hiroshima and Nagasaki faster than the United States. The USSR wanted to verify with its own eyes the destructive power of nuclear weapons that it could not yet create.

This assignment was entrusted to Mikhail Ivanov, who died last year at the age of 101. At the end of the Second World War, he worked in the Soviet embassy in Tokyo. Ivanov was an employee of the GRU. He also contributed to the activities of Sorge.

In an article published last year, I talked about what Ivanov saw after nuclear strikes. He was forbidden to talk about what he had seen, but there is a person who fully owns this information. This is a former KGB officer Kirichenko.

I asked him a question that worried me for a long time.

“Ivanov visited Hiroshima and Nagasaki before American agents. He prepared a report and sent it to Stalin. In my opinion, he should have been given the order for this, but this did not happen. Why?"

Kirichenko replied: “What is the order there! He was nearly fired. ”
Author:
Originator:
http://www.asahi.com/articles/ASHBQ6JQ2HBQPTIL03C.html
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  1. Shadowcat
    Shadowcat 6 November 2015 05: 59
    20
    “Stalin immediately put the nuclear project on a new track. He began to take the bomb seriously, not because it finally reached the councils of scientists, but as a result of the demonstration of the strength of the bomb by the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. ”

    Just stupidly facespalm. We got ... uguk, and since the 42nd year we’ve just been making fun developing everything for vigorous bombs? This is heavy water, and uranium, and plutonium, and centrifuges, and much more. Kurchatov led the scientific part of the atomic project. But in that team there were others who worked - L.P. Beria and his deputy A.P. Zavenyagin, Yu.B. Khariton and Ya.B. Zeldovich, and many others.
    But wai don’t remember that the USSR from the 41st to the 45th had a big hemorrhoids which did not allow chasing wunderwaffles? JV Stalin very wisely distributed the resources available to the country.

    A new and fearsome weapon began to overturn the balance of forces that emerged at the end of World War II. Stalin tried to restore this balance through the speedy receipt of nuclear weapons in his hands

    And here we would recall the SSA nuclear strike plan for the USSR 50x-60 before the USSR would be able to create parity ...
    1. goose
      goose 6 November 2015 10: 15
      +2
      We must also recall the achievements in creating a nuclear reactor, starting in 1939. The bomb was not planned, but the creation of nuclear energy was included in the scientific plans before the war, and for this a scientific base was gradually created, geological surveys were carried out. The complete lack of access to modern laboratory equipment was very much inhibited due to the economic blockade by Great Britain, the USA and France. For this reason, and also because of the authority of Rutherford, part of the work took place in England, which were curtailed with the outbreak of war.
    2. Max_Bauder
      Max_Bauder 6 November 2015 11: 26
      +9
      Maybe in the subject.

      Interview I.V. Stalin's newspaper `` The Truth '' about Churchill's speech in Fulton (March 14, 1946).
      Question. How do you rate Mr. Churchill’s last speech in the United States of America? Reply. I regard it as a dangerous act, designed to sow the seeds of discord between the allied states and impede their cooperation. Question. Can it be considered that Mr. Churchill’s speech is detrimental to the cause of peace and security? Reply. Of course, yes. In fact, Mr. Churchill now stands in the position of the arsonists of the war. And Mr. Churchill is not alone here - he has friends not only in England, but also in the United States of America. It should be noted that Mr. Churchill and his friends are strikingly reminiscent of Hitler and his friends in this regard. Hitler began the cause of the outbreak of war by proclaiming racial theory, declaring that only people who speak German represent a full-fledged nation. Mr. Churchill begins the war unleashing also with racial theory, arguing that only nations that speak English are full-fledged nations, destined to decide the fate of the whole world. German racial theory led Hitler and his friends to the conclusion that the Germans, as the only fully-fledged nation, should dominate other nations. The English racial theory leads Mr. Churchill and his friends to the conclusion that English-speaking nations, as the only full-fledged ones, should dominate the rest of the nations of the world. Essentially, Mr. Churchill and his friends in England and the United States impose on nations that do not speak English, something like an ultimatum: recognize our domination voluntarily, and then everything will be all right, otherwise war is inevitable. But nations shed blood for five years of a brutal war for the freedom and independence of their countries, and not for the sake of replacing Hitler’s domination with Churchill’s domination. Therefore, it is likely that nations that do not speak English and constitute at the same time the vast majority of the world's population will not agree to go into new slavery. The tragedy of Mr. Churchill is that he, like an inveterate Tory, does not understand this simple and obvious truth. Undoubtedly, the installation of Mr. Churchill is an installation for war, a call for war with the USSR. It is also clear that such an attitude of Mr. Churchill is incompatible with the existing union treaty between England and the USSR. True, Mr. Churchill, in order to confuse the readers, in passing declares that the term of the Soviet-English agreement on mutual assistance and cooperation could well be extended to 50 years. But how to combine a similar statement by Mr. Churchill with his installation on the war with the USSR, with his preaching war against the USSR? It is clear that these things cannot be combined in any way. And if Mr. Churchill, calling for war with the Soviet Union, considers it possible to extend the Anglo-Soviet treaty to 50 years, then this means that he considers this treaty as an empty piece of paper, which he needs only to cover with it and disguise your anti-Soviet installation. Therefore, one cannot take seriously the false statements made by Mr. Churchill's friends in England about extending the term of the Soviet-English treaty to 50 years or more.

      Source: http://politikus.ru/articles/43680-intervyu-iv-stalina-gazete-pravda-o-rechi-che

      rchillya-v-fultone.html
      Politikus.ru

      http://inosmi.ru/russia/20151106/231211355.html#ixzz3qgtyzvrA
  2. venaya
    venaya 6 November 2015 06: 02
    14
    A new and dangerous weapon began to overturn the balance of forces that emerged at the end of World War II ... the USSR was four years behind the United States.

    Our country has spent a lot of funds and efforts in order to prevent a post-war nuclear catastrophe. Now no one wants to remember this, and after all, the country, at the same time, was also recovering from a major catastrophe: "World War II". Descendants are usually ungrateful and forget what their predecessors, parents, etc. have done.
  3. antiexpert
    antiexpert 6 November 2015 06: 20
    +1
    well, it turns out that the United States acted with stunning idiocy - instead of quietly riveting nuclear weapons, they showed it to Stalin ... It’s just a kind of childish act)))
    1. Erg
      Erg 6 November 2015 08: 27
      0
      You shouldn't underestimate the Illuminati. It gets deeper here. It was necessary to "spin" two sides in this direction. Hence the artificial leak through intelligence in order for the USSR to receive an atomic bomb faster. Garbage war - the main thing is maneuvers. Isn't that what they say?
      1. vladimirZ
        vladimirZ 6 November 2015 09: 15
        +2
        Yesterday I watched the film "Victory", based on the work of the same name by Alexander Chakovsky, where it is well analyzed why American President Truman at the Potsdam Conference in 1945, "opened" I.V. Stalin had the secret of a new super-powerful weapon produced in the USA - the atomic bomb.
        Truman and Churchill needed to break their stubbornness and intimidate Stalin at the Potsdam conference about dividing post-war Europe in his favor.
        What was needed was the coherence of the leadership of the USSR on the priority of returning the Victory of the USA and Great Britain.
        This is the main goal why US leaders revealed to Stalin the secret of their obtained atomic weapons.
        1. Asadullah
          Asadullah 6 November 2015 12: 02
          +2
          Truman and Churchill needed to break their stubbornness and intimidate Stalin at the Potsdam conference about dividing post-war Europe in his favor.
          What was needed was the coherence of the leadership of the USSR on the priority of returning the Victory of the USA and Great Britain.


          Break Stalin's tenacity? Oh well. Turkey was in the balance, so that the Turkish People's Republic did not arise, it was necessary to demonstrate the determination and strength of the new weapon. For a massive atomic strike on the USSR, the Anglo-Saxons did not have enough exactly three years. A year after Potsdam, the Americans were not sure that the USSR did not have an atomic bomb. For this purpose, "leaks" from correspondence between scientists, publications in scientific journals, from which experts could draw conclusions that Soviet scientists were working in the topics of post-nuclear weapons, were intensively used. Disinformation, intelligence and the titanic work of scientists have created the world in which we live today. It was precisely the closed nature of Soviet society that saved it, possibly, from a nuclear war. Whoever and how would not relate to Stalin, but in reality, he is the savior of the Russian nation and the Russian state. It was only thanks to his unique abilities that we were not burned in a nuclear furnace. Believe me, the war against fascism would seem like a kindergarten. That is why I personally accept the repressions as a tragedy of a significantly small scale, despite the fact that my family also suffered from them.
  4. Andryukha G
    Andryukha G 6 November 2015 07: 25
    +8
    Only for the fact that thanks to Stalin (under whose leadership) nuclear weapons were created and exist in Russia (which is now the only deterrent to individual star-striped partners), a monument to this state man is needed.
  5. Old26
    Old26 6 November 2015 08: 07
    +2
    Quote: ShadowCat
    “Stalin immediately put the nuclear project on a new track. He began to take the bomb seriously, not because it finally reached the councils of scientists, but as a result of the demonstration of the strength of the bomb by the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. ”

    Just stupidly facespalm. We got ... uguk, and since the 42nd year we’ve just been making fun developing everything for vigorous bombs? This is heavy water, and uranium, and plutonium, and centrifuges, and much more. Kurchatov led the scientific part of the atomic project. But in that team there were others who worked - L.P. Beria and his deputy A.P. Zavenyagin, Yu.B. Khariton and Ya.B. Zeldovich, and many others.
    But wai don’t remember that the USSR from the 41st to the 45th had a big hemorrhoids which did not allow chasing wunderwaffles? JV Stalin very wisely distributed the resources available to the country.

    You shouldn't have reacted like that. In principle, if there were no tests in Alamogordo in July, it is not known how soon this weapon would have been created in the USSR. Yes, the work has been going on for several years, but again, as you correctly noted, the USSR had a global task - the restoration of the country. Perhaps, had the Americans not had a bomb at 45, we would not have had it at 49, but a few years later. After all, it is not in vain that Stalin's words are quoted after Truman told him about the test: "Tell Kurchatov to speed up the work" (not literally, but the meaning is this)

    Quote: ShadowCat
    A new and fearsome weapon began to overturn the balance of forces that emerged at the end of World War II. Stalin tried to restore this balance through the speedy receipt of nuclear weapons in his hands

    And here we would recall the SSA nuclear strike plan for the USSR 50x-60 before the USSR would be able to create parity ...

    This is not about subsequent plans, namely the situation of 1945. Our former ally and potential adversary has it, we do not ...

    Quote: antiexpert
    well, it turns out that the United States acted with stunning idiocy - instead of quietly riveting nuclear weapons, they showed it to Stalin ... It’s just a kind of childish act)))

    What do you want from writers laughing To create and not to test, but at the same time quietly rivet a product that inexplicably explodes or not - this is the height of idiocy
    1. Shadowcat
      Shadowcat 6 November 2015 09: 19
      +2
      Quote: Old26
      This is not about subsequent plans, namely the situation of 1945. Our former ally and potential adversary has it, we do not ...

      I did not quite understand. I criticize the article precisely because it makes a hint that the ssa is white and fluffy, and the USSR is an evil red fascist.
      Nevertheless, remember how from the 45th SSA they crushed the USSR precisely because they could bomb. The Iranian issue of the 46th, the Berlin crisis of the 48th ... Given the stats' love for gunboat diplomacy then ...

      Quote: Old26
      Perhaps the Americans didn’t have a bomb at 45, but with us it wouldn’t have appeared at 49, but a few years later.

      Or didn’t even appear as a deeply unnecessary weapon. As a club it is beneficial, but the rest of it is useless ...

      Quote: Old26
      It is not in vain that Stalin’s words are quoted after Truman informed him of the test:

      And all by the fact that Comrade Stalin was a smart man, for he knew perfectly well what kind of diplomacy the Allies were leading, see above that I mentioned, as well as the development of military doctrines and plans for pissing 1946th.
      Everything just needed parity because the allies of Nifig against the infantry and tank units of the Red Army could not do, except to quickly revive the German panzercraft.
  6. dukalis
    dukalis 6 November 2015 09: 51
    +3
    Well, thank God in Japan, at least someone wrote that the Americans were banging and not the USSR
    And then most of these pseudo samurai think that they are bearded Siberian men in earflaps dropped a bomb on them
  7. NordUral
    NordUral 6 November 2015 10: 19
    0
    They would do it, but they would not apply first.
  8. IAlex
    IAlex 6 November 2015 10: 20
    0
    nor the Soviet attack on Japan. ”
    Amused form of presentation ...
  9. Evgeniy667b
    Evgeniy667b 6 November 2015 12: 07
    0
    But Japan itself was not engaged in the manufacture of an atomic bomb? In particular, on the island of Matua, Kuril archipelago. Very striped partners were eager to go there, but Joseph Vissarionovich sent them to the forest and into the swamp ...