Military Review

Who served "brave young men"?

In the middle of the 1940-ies in the territory of Western Ukraine there was a youth organization of nationalistic persuasion - the so-called hundreds of brave young men. This "hundred" was created by the leaders of the OUN-UPA and served as a kind of forge of personnel for the Ukrainian nationalists.

Who served "brave young men"?

Polish monument to the victims of the Volyn massacre. The inscription on the stela below: "If I forget about them, you, God in heaven, forget about me"

Under the strict guidance of experienced mentors, "brave youths" (and there were even boys aged 10 – 12 years) were engaged in collecting intelligence information and sabotage in the rear of the Soviet army. Veterans of counterintelligence recalled that these guys were causing them a lot of trouble: they were spinning around the location of our troops, and when SMERSH employees tried to detain them, they began to squeal like pigs and shouted that they were children.

Among the “brave young men” who worked for the Germans was a boy named Lyonya Kravchuk. After half a century, he will become the first president of the Square and in fact rehabilitates the Bandera movement. However, the gradual withdrawal of Ukrainian nationalists from the underground began long before Ukraine declared independence. But more on that later.

For the first time, the idea of ​​using Ukrainian nationalists for sabotage and reconnaissance work against the USSR came to the head of the leaders of the Italian special services at the end of the 1920s. The backbone of the future Ukrainian nationalists were officers of the Austro-Hungarian army, natives of Galicia. Employees of the Italian secret police began to work closely with them. And in 1930, the special services of Nazi Germany joined this project.

It is known that with the help of members of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN), the Abwehr conducted special operations around the world and even planned an assassination attempt on US President Franklin Roosevelt. Materials about this operation of Hitler's special services are still classified and are kept in the archives of the FBI.

Captured Bandera. Czechoslovakia. Xnumx

However, some documents have recently been made public. Of these, it appears that the German intelligence officer Zinser in the spring of 1941, organized a group of Ukrainian nationalists who had settled in Latin America in their time. Zinser himself at the beginning of the 1940-s worked in Argentina under diplomatic cover. Obviously, he recruited a certain Grigory Macieiko, a native of Western Ukraine, in the same place, promising him a million German mark for liquidating Roosevelt.

Matseiko gladly agreed to cooperate: for money, the Ukrainian nationalists, as you know, are ready to kill anyone, even their own mother. Moreover, Maciejko already had experience in organizing such operations. In 1934, he, at the request of the OUN leader Stepan Bandera, liquidated the former Polish Interior Minister Bronislav Peratsky.

However, the American intelligence services were not asleep. Having received timely information about the impending assassination attempt, the FBI and the Secret Service, guarding the US President, took measures to catch Gregory Matseyko. His passport photo was reproduced and sent along with signs to all US police stations, as well as FBI agents in Latin America. As a result, the attempt on Roosevelt was prevented at the preparation stage.

The details of this unique operation are still unknown. And, given the current situation in Ukraine, it is unlikely that they will be made public: all this история with the bright appearance of Ukrainian nationalists, who are so vigorously inculcated in the mass consciousness through the efforts of pro-American mass media all over the world.

Moreover, immediately after the Second World War, the special services of the United States themselves, as well as their NATO allies, became seriously interested in the Ukrainian nationalists. Canada showed particular zeal, since it was in this country that many immigrants from the western regions of Ukraine settled in the early XX century. It was to these first-wave migrants and their descendants that the West assigned a significant role in its plans to destabilize the situation in the USSR, and then in the post-Soviet space.

Polish officer interrogates prisoners of Bandera. Xnumx

Currently, dozens of Ukrainian nationalist organizations are active in Canada. The majority of these organizations are fueled by immigrants from Galicia, one of the most Russophobic regions of Ukraine. It is not difficult to guess under whose influence the Canadian Ukrainians are and what views they profess.

It is no coincidence that Ukraine’s independence in 1991 was the first in the world to be recognized by Canada. The first samples of the Ukrainian national currency, the hryvnia, were also printed on Canadian territory. The leadership of Canada and the deputies of the Canadian parliament from the very beginning of the "orange" revolution 2004, sided with Viktor Yushchenko. In 2008, it was the Canadian parliamentarians who supported Yushchenko’s absurd idea of ​​the Holodomor of the early 1930’s as the genocide of the Ukrainian people. And in August, 2009, the Ukrainians of Canada appealed to the president by the Square with the request to assign posthumously the title of Hero of Ukraine to Stepan Bandera. And Yushchenko, despite the stormy protests of all sensible citizens of Ukraine, joyfully fulfilled the request of the “countrymen”.
As for the nationalist organizations in the territory of Ukraine itself, it would not be a big exaggeration to say that all of them were created and fed exclusively on Western money and with the very active participation of Western intelligence agencies. The attackers of the Right Sector, as is now well known, underwent military training in foreign training camps and intelligence schools: in Poland, Estonia, Lithuania, Germany, Canada and the United States. And Western intelligence agencies actively recruited militants from members of the Ukrainian diaspora in Europe and America.

One of the leaders of the UPA, Ivan Klimchak, nicknamed Bald, liquidated by the Soviet counterintelligence in Shatsk. Xnumx

But back to the events in Europe 1940's. Thanks to the efforts of Hitler's intelligence services, by 1943, in the occupied German territory of Western Ukraine, an entire army of well-trained fighters, distinguished by bestial cruelty and ready for a team of owners to cut their throats, acted. One of the most large-scale punitive operations of Bandera is the so-called Volyn Massacre (spring-summer 1943 of the year), that is, the massacre of Poles living in the territory of the present Lviv and Volyn regions. Then, according to historians, at least 80 thousand people were killed.

After the liberation of Ukraine from the Germans, the main task that their German masters set for Bandera was to destabilize the rear of the advancing Soviet army. And, I must say, Bandera coped with this task well. There were times when, on their tip, the German aviationfor example, striking at our tank columns heading to the front line. In addition, Bandera troops attacked small army formations from around the corner and carried out terrorist attacks in cities and villages. According to SMERSH employees, the total number of Bandera gangs at the end of the war reached one hundred thousand people. It is not surprising that the liquidation of the Bandera underground lasted for several years and was generally completed only in 1947.

The whole territory of Western Ukraine Bandera divided into so-called viddily (something like areas), they, in turn, were divided into districts, subdistricts, villages and villages. At the head of all these territorial entities were either members of the OUN, or people who sympathized with the nationalists. In each village on Bandera worked various workshops and agricultural enterprises. There was a planned system: every enterprise, every village and village was given a clear production task. For failure - execution. So the UPA fighters never felt a shortage of food and basic necessities.

All stocks were kept in the forest, in well-hidden caches. There, in the wilderness, Bandera had thoroughly equipped hospitals and dugouts. Soviet counterintelligence officers often found in the forest and concrete bunkers intended for the district and subregional leadership of the OUN. All these buildings were built with the help of German engineers and were designed for long autonomous residence. Some bunkers even had electricity and running water.

Ordinary soldiers of the UPA were hiding in the recesses easier. They were stuck with all the forests in Galicia. Veterans of counterintelligence recall that at first they were guessing: where did the gangsters who were driven into the woods go to? It turned out everyone hid under the ground. Found them with banal metal pins. They pierced the ground in different places until the bunker was discovered.

In each village there was a point of contact, located, as a rule, in a good peasant house. Its owners were responsible for communication between the units and units of the UPA. People were on duty around the clock in their house, because at any time of the day or night they could come in contact with an encrypted report. The role is usually connected using girls. If they were detained by counterintelligence officers, the young ladies told a legend that had been thought up beforehand: that they were going to their relatives in the neighboring village.

The combat structure of the UPA consisted of regiments, or smoking, who were divided into hundreds, and those, in turn, into swarms or platoons. If the regiment had artillery or mechanized units, it was called a cat. The number of infantry regiments ranged from two to three thousand fighters.
Often in the ranks of the UPA fighters were driving young men of military age under threat of execution. For the reliability of the personnel vigilantly watched the security service, or security. Her squads of up to 15 people were in every major village. The impact methods were not diverse: at the slightest suspicion of collaboration with the Soviet authorities, the perpetrators were killed with particular cruelty.

The militants received information from their people who were in the authorities and collective farms. As a rule, these were ordinary clerks, as well as technical workers, cleaners, firemen, secretaries-typists, and cooks.

According to the recollections of counterintelligence veterans, at the end of the war, Soviet power in the territory of Western Ukraine existed only in regional centers. The countryside was entirely under the control of the Bandera gangs. It was with such a carefully conspiratorial organization that the state security agencies had to fight. The war with the Nazis ended long ago, the last front-line soldiers returned home, and through the deep forests of Transcarpathia, counterintelligence officers and army units assigned to them chased Bandera gangs.

And only in 1947, when the bandits were deprived of supplies, and SMERSH destroyed the leaders, with Bandera in general was over. However, nationalism has not gone away, he just went into the deaf underground. After Stalin’s death, Bandera received a powerful influx of experienced cadres: this was the amnesty announced by Khrushchev and many of the members of the nationalist underground that had been arrested were released.

The first president of the Square Leonid Kravchuk received a good Bandera upbringing

Nikita Sergeevich clearly sympathized with the Ukrainian nationalists, although he never spoke openly about this anywhere. Although it was with the filing of Khrushchev at the beginning of the 1950-s that serious personnel changes were made in the leadership of the counterintelligence agencies responsible for the fight against Bandera. As a result, people who secretly sympathized with the nationalists turned up in responsible posts in the Lviv and Rivne departments of the MGB. At the same time, anti-bandit departments were eliminated. And the very large-scale amnesty, started by Khrushchev in the middle of 1950, was undertaken with a single purpose: to pull out the Bandera's companions from the camps.

And in 1960-ies, in general, the quiet recovery of the OUN began. Former members of the Bandera gangs made a career in the party, the Komsomol and the administrative work. Especially a lot of former OUN people turned out to be in high positions in the Rivne, Lviv and Ivano-Frankivsk regions. The leadership of the Communist Party of Ukraine carefully hid it from Moscow.

As a result, by the year 1991, the banderization of Ukraine was in full swing.

After the collapse of the USSR, the process went even faster - now with the very active participation of foreign intelligence services. It is not surprising that at the beginning of 2014, during the notorious events on the Kiev Maidan, a whole army of well-trained and armed fighters, ready to burn and shoot anyone who was shown by their foreign owners, appeared before the man in the street in amazement. .
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  1. Igor39
    Igor39 25 October 2015 07: 35 New
    There it is, Khrushchev and the MGB are to blame, and America is shoving us ...
    The easiest way is to blame someone, and our government and special services have honestly worked since the first Chechen ...
    1. avt
      avt 25 October 2015 09: 22 New
      Quote: Igor39
      There it is, Khrushchev and the MGB are to blame, and America is shoving us.

      Work on Ukrainization along the Western model was carried out, paradoxically as it sounds, from two ends, albeit independently.
      Nikita Sergeyevich clearly sympathized with Ukrainian nationalists, although, of course, he never spoke openly about this anywhere
      Sudoplatov was not afraid to grapple with Khrushchev, and even he knew the Natsik by hearsay when Khrushch started a “educational and enlightenment” program to introduce Western youth to the socialism - he massively forced Western students to train in educational institutions of the East. Sudoplatov clearly said - firstly - they will embitter the population of Western women, and secondly, they will massively bring to the youth environment in the East the bacillus of “Ukrainians” Svidomo, and in the most dangerous form - the Galician-Bandera form. Which actually happened.
  2. Support
    Support 25 October 2015 07: 54 New
    What does Khrushchev have to do with it, America? It all depends on the people. They wanted and became what they became — murderers, traitors and III — simply Bandera. That says it all. And Stalin I.V. was a big liberal. They did not have to be planted, but simply shoot like mad dogs. And now there would not be what we have.
    1. Igor39
      Igor39 25 October 2015 08: 01 New
      Stalin is a liberal? belay Right now, comrades will come and tell you where the holes are in the cheese laughing
      1. Babr
        Babr 25 October 2015 08: 50 New
        Quote: Igor39
        Stalin is a liberal? belay Right now, comrades will come and tell you where the holes are in the cheese laughing

        You perceive everything straightforwardly. You saw a familiar word. And immediately the diagnosis is ready.
        True Reliance focused only on Bandera.
        I would like to add a list.
        Stalin is only to blame for not finishing off the Trotskyists, who, after his death, climbed out of all the cracks. Therefore, we have what we have.
    2. Babr
      Babr 25 October 2015 09: 23 New
      Quote: Prop
      What does Khrushchev have to do with it, America?

      The author looked deeper into the problem. He did not indicate the reasons for sympathy for Bandera.
      And everything is very simple. With the death of Stalin, the uninhabited Trotskyists came to power and even then the Maidan began to prepare.
      This is what Miao said.
      People like Khrushchev are sleeping next to us ... Khrushchev began his betrayal from Stalin, and he or his successors - the Soviet Union - will finish this business ... His reign will not be long, but the consequences of his reign will affect for decades.
      Mao Zedong
      Prophetic words
  3. parusnik
    parusnik 25 October 2015 08: 00 New
    It should be noted that after the civil war .. in the ranks of the Communist Party (b) U all-possible Ukrainian social democrats, Socialist-Revolutionaries, communist-borotbists joined ... who then made their way to leadership posts, under their influence, "Ukrainization" of Little Russia was carried out ..
    1. avt
      avt 25 October 2015 09: 23 New
      Quote: parusnik
      It should be noted that after the civil war .. in the ranks of the Communist Party (b) U all-possible Ukrainian social democrats, Socialist-Revolutionaries, communist-borotbists joined ... who then made their way to leadership posts, under their influence, "Ukrainization" of Little Russia was carried out ..

      Add here the “Promethean movement" of the Polish special services, whose leadership and active workers reassured Stalin in Katyn.
  4. timyr
    timyr 25 October 2015 09: 03 New
    In the Baltic states, 85% of the Baltic Essaites survived in the bloody Stalinist camps. And Khrushch back in 44 tried to negotiate with Bandera that they stop fighting. But then Bandera refused. And at 56 we agreed. After all, almost nobody was touched from the top.
    1. avt
      avt 25 October 2015 10: 03 New
      Quote: timyr
      In the Baltic states, 85% of the Baltic Essaites survived in the bloody Stalinist camps.

      Moreover, what this means, as well as their early release at will by Kukuruznik, became known in 56 in Hungary after the amnesty of the Salashists.
  5. Basil50
    Basil50 25 October 2015 12: 14 New
    In Volyn, with the permission of the authorities, the Poles did this. Now they are outraged that without the permission of the authorities, Bandera themselves did with the Poles what the Poles had been doing for decades with * not Poles *. You can understand the indignation of the lords of the cattle massacre. Non-state nationalists slaughtered state. Under the * distribution * were women and children, the very ones who participated in the polonization * of Kres *. Let them figure it out themselves, they have the same ideology and methods for resolving issues.
  6. colotun
    colotun 25 October 2015 12: 58 New
    There is a famous Soviet joke on the topic. In Soviet Ukraine (somewhere) they were supposed to take Petrus to the Party. His comrades are worried, waiting. Gloomy Petrus leaves the party meeting, drinks a glass of vodka, a piece of bacon in the teeth, a muzzle in the corner and is silent. His comrades ask: - "Well, how?" Petrus replies: - "The damned commies did not take me to the Party. -" Why, what did they say? - “Yes, they asked me: -“ But weren't you Petrus at the wedding at the Old Man Bendery playing the accordion? ”- Well, you would say:“ No, not me. ”And then Petrus answers: -“ Well, say when they all sat there! "
  7. Director
    Director 25 October 2015 20: 23 New
    And on what grounds does the author claim that Khrushchev sympathized with Bendera? Or should he believe in words?
    How old is the author in general? Was he a witness?
    1. ava09
      ava09 14 October 2016 21: 24 New
      Do you only believe Obama’s word? )
  8. Bayonet
    Bayonet 25 October 2015 20: 41 New
    "Among the" brave youths "who worked for the Germans was a boy named Lenya Kravchuk. In half a century, he will become the first president to be independent and will practically rehabilitate the Bandera movement."

    The author forgot to add some other pages of the biography of Leni Kravchuk:
    In 1960-1967, he was a consultant-methodologist at the Political Education House, lecturer, assistant secretary, head of the agitation and propaganda department of the Chernivtsi regional committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine.
    In 1967-1970 - graduate student of the Academy of Social Sciences under the Central Committee of the CPSU.
    In 1970-1988 - head of the sector, inspector, assistant secretary, first deputy head of the department, head of the agitation and propaganda department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine.
    In 1989-1990 - head of the ideological department, secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine. In the late 1980s, on the pages of the newspaper “Evening Kiev” Kravchuk began an open discussion with supporters of Ukrainian independence. Against the background of a very conservative leadership of the Communist Party of Ukraine, his position looks more than moderate.
    In 1989-1990 - candidate for membership in the Politburo. In 1990-1991 - member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party.
    Since 1990 - second secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine.
    In March 1990, he was elected to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.
    Since 1990 he was a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU.
    In 1990-1991 - Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.
    He left the CPSU after the events of August 19-21, 1991. wink
  9. Bayonet
    Bayonet 25 October 2015 20: 50 New
    "Nikita Sergeyevich clearly sympathized with Ukrainian nationalists, although, of course, he never spoke openly about this anywhere."
    Of course nowhere and never! Only to the author of this historical "study", in an intimate conversation hi
    1. ava09
      ava09 14 October 2016 21: 30 New
      It’s not worth mocking ... To say he didn’t say, maybe even to anyone, but the Trotskyist Khrushchev did dirty tricks to his country regularly. In general, what the Cunning says, to believe is dearer to oneself, one must judge by deeds.
  10. wow
    wow 25 October 2015 22: 58 New
    !!! And where did the KGB of the USSR look?
  11. Alexy
    Alexy 26 October 2015 05: 11 New
    Something is very much our puncture intelligence services.