Amazing turns can make the fate of a person, and the fate of a military pilot in particular. This can be seen on the example of the life of Sergey Yulyanovich Yasanis, who now lives in Rostov-on-Don, and can tell a lot and pass on to the young generation, who are unlikely to be able to experience what Yasanis experienced when he received an absolutely amazing letter.
This letter was written by the head of the Krasnodar Territory Public Search Organization "Kuban Bridgehead," EV Kostsov in 2014, a veteran of the 437 th Fighter Aviation Regiment, Sergei Yu. Yasanis.
“The victory came at a high price,” wrote Kuban search engines. - Despite 71, the year that has passed since the end of the battle for the Caucasus, in the swamps of the Taman Peninsula, in the mountains of the Caucasus Mountains, at the bottom of the Azov and Black Seas are wreckage of the once formidable combat vehicles.
One of the main activities of our organization is to search for places of the fall of the Soviet crews who participated in the air battles in Kuban and perpetuate the memory of their crews. To date, the location of the crashed 141 aircraft and the remains of 57 crew members.
In the spring of 2014, in the mountains near the village of Kabardinka, the site of the fall of the Soviet fighter La 5 was discovered. According to the serial numbers of the engine, the circumstances of the air battle in which he was shot down were established. The aircraft was part of the 437 iap and was shot down in a 21 air battle on April 1943. The pilot escaped by parachute and survived. The pilot of this aircraft was you, Sergey Yulyanovich.
Receive from us as a keepsake a fragment of your aircraft and wishes for good health and long life.
At the same time, we would like to inform you that in the fall of 2013, from the day of Tsemessky Bay in the Pinay Cape area, the wreckage of another La 5, whose fellow soldier, Lieutenant Lieutenant Yashelin Ivan Vasilievich, who did not return from the 29 mission of April 1943, was the pilot
In addition, the burial place and circumstances of the death of the deputy commander were established. aviation squadron of 437 IAP senior lieutenant Ivan Pavlovich Churilov. During the study of archival materials and a survey of eyewitnesses, it was possible to establish that in an air battle in the vicinity of the village of Shapsugskaya on April 21, 1943, his plane was shot down. The pilot jumped out of the burning car at an altitude of 30 meters, but this was not enough to have time to open the parachute. Senior Lieutenant Churilov died. His body was buried by foot soldiers, and documents and the Order of the Red Banner were transferred to the headquarters of the border detachment at Kholmskaya station. Currently, a monument has been erected on the grave of Ivan Pavlovich. ”
So after many years, Yasanins learned about the fate of his plane and his comrades.
The life path of Sergei Yasanis was not easy.
Here's how his companion tells about the first meeting with him: “This was a man of above average height, dense constitution, with thick, curly blond hair, gray-blue eyes, a strong chin with a dimple in the middle. The military uniform looked beautiful on it, the chest was decorated with medal pads ”.
Born S.Yu. Yasanis in the village of Zemetchino of the Penza region 11 October 1922, in a simple peasant family. Long since beekeepers lived and worked in this village, therefore the name of the village was given from the word “Zemtsy”, i.e. a beekeeper, and in a broader word a hunter, earner. But Sergey Yasanis had to be engaged in the life of “prey” of a completely different kind.
At first, his life path in aviation was the same as that of many in those distant pre-war years: the dire need for childhood, study at the factory school, training at the flying club, enrolling in the Bataysk military school of pilots named after AK. Serov, where he studied from 1940 to 1942 years.
Already in cadet years, Yasanis began to show flying talent, so after graduating from college he was left as an instructor pilot, but all the time he wrote reports asking him to send him to the front and, finally, his request was granted. Yasanis got into the 437 Fighter Aviation Regiment (later 113 Guards IAP) of the Reserve of the Main Command and went through the combat path in this regiment through the entire war on fronts: Stalingrad, Southern, North Caucasus, Voronezh, 1 and 4 Ukrainian. The regiment acted on the main directions.
Yasanis perfectly owned the La-5 fighter, which was released in the year Sergei graduated from the military school of pilots in the 1942 year. He showed himself to be a brave, courageous and brave air fighter who possessed an excellent visual memory and conducted enemy air reconnaissance with high efficiency.
For outstanding combat skills, including the skillful driving of groups of airplanes, the senior pilot Yasanis, bypassing the post of flight commander, was appointed deputy squadron commander, and five months later, in July 1943, the commander of the reconnaissance air squadron of the same regiment.
Often, Yasanis made aerial reconnaissance of the enemy according to the personal instructions of the commanders of the 2 and 8 air armies, and the Chief of the Air Force General Staff. And once he personally assigned the task of reconnaissance to the commander of the front, Army General I.Ye. Petrov.
In just one day (October 22 1943), he flew five times to explore the area of the Bukrinsky bridgehead, overcame a strong cover of anti-aircraft artillery and enemy fighter aircraft, spent three air battles, but his main task was fulfilled - he discovered the hidden deployment of enemy reserves, photographed , and the received information was immediately transferred to the ground command.
For this intelligence, Yasanis received thanks from the representative of the General Headquarters of the Supreme Command, Marshal of the Soviet Union GK. Zhukov.
The successful knowledge of reconnaissance by pilots was promoted by in-depth knowledge of the telltale signs of reconnaissance objects, mastery of the aircraft and its photographic equipment, a sudden exit to the reconnoitered area, courage and perseverance in carrying out the task.
All these qualities possessed Sergey Yasanis. He carefully conducted preliminary preparations for reconnaissance flights: he scrupulously studied the terrain on a map, flew through a new reconnaissance area, if possible, worked out a hidden flight route to the target and the most advantageous maneuver to get to the starting point of the combat course.
To break into the reconnaissance area, Yasanis, as a rule, crossed the front line away from him, went out to the reconnaissance object from the enemy’s rear at an extremely low altitude and maximum speed, and then rapidly gained a predetermined height so as to enter the combat course.
Front command required daily surveillance of the enemy, focusing on the detection and observation of large and important enemy groups, their reserves and tank troops.
Sergey Yasanis taught squadron pilots how to recognize the enemy, methods and methods of reconnaissance, as well as competent operation of reconnaissance equipment.
Only some of the aircraft were equipped with photographic equipment, so he flew more often than others to do reconnaissance himself, gradually preparing other squadron pilots. Yasanis eagerly passed on his combat experience to the pilots, he taught them how to use the terrain and weather conditions for the purpose of secrecy and surprise reconnaissance, how to memorize enemy objects opened, how to use the radio to transmit information to the command post, how to lead working and reporting documents.
The squadron was used not only for reconnaissance, it was often assigned tasks to cover the troops, escort bombers, attack aircraft, and destroy ground targets. Sergey Yasanis taught the pilots what the most effective methods of combat use of the aircraft.
15 July 1944, the Yasanin, carrying out reconnaissance, discovered a large German tank group (the 8 Tank Division), which was advancing to the front, drove our attack aircraft, who destroyed three tank columns, at it.
Aerial photography of objects on the ground requires strict adherence to the aircraft in the direction and height of flight in order to avoid “blurring” the image in the picture, that is, the anti-aircraft and anti-destructive maneuvers cannot be used on the combat course. During World War II, reconnaissance was carried out on the following types of aircraft: multipurpose P-5, reconnaissance P-10 (HAI-5), multipurpose single-engine P-Zet aircraft, reconnaissance Tu-2 and others.
Back in the years of the Balkan war, aviation began to be widely used during reconnaissance of enemy troops and began to be considered one of the most effective means of obtaining data on troop deployment. Every year the methods and devices used in aerial reconnaissance improved. In the memoirs "Military Literature", the head of "Air Intelligence" about conducting reconnaissance during the Great Patriotic War, the following is written:
“Photographing enemy fire assets and positions on the front line was considered very difficult and dangerous. Yes, it was. After all, it is necessary to pass over the heads of the Nazi troops, without reacting to the intense anti-aircraft and automatic machine-gun fire. When it was necessary to photograph objects in the deep rear of the enemy, large airfields, large railway stations, the best pilots of the regiment went on such tasks alone. ”
During 333 departure for reconnaissance, three times Yasanis’s plane on a combat course was hit by enemy gunners, three times he was shot down in aerial combat, four times he landed his wounded plane on the forward positions of our troops, twice he was forced to leave the burning plane. In the award documents about the personal qualities of the pilot, the following is said: “From the first combat sortie he emerged as a bold air warrior, looking for a meeting with an enemy, imposing his will on him. He proved to be one of the best air trackers. Flies in any meteorological conditions of winter and summer. Always just perfectly performs combat missions. ” And always returns to the base, no matter what.
This happened in April 1943, near Novorossiysk, when the Jasanis plane was shot down. Jumping out of the burning plane, he took a puff, then opened the parachute. Having checked the opening of the dome, I looked around and saw a pair of Messers, who were attacking from behind. He decided to meet the enemy not with his back, but with his face, and began to unfurl the slings in the direction of German planes. But suddenly the Germans quickly got out of the attack, not having time to shoot Sergei, and went west, and in the meantime a pair of our fighters approached him and made a couple of turns over him until he landed. It was they who drove the Germans, who did not shun, to shoot in the air pilots descending on parachutes.
But Yasanis was wounded in the leg and was afraid of landing on the wounded leg, but, fortunately, the parachute caught the dome on the top of the tree and hung. Soon, soldiers-gunners ran up to him and delivered to the battery. The battery commander accepted him, and here Sergey was given first aid. They offered to have dinner, but Yasanis asked him to quickly deliver it to his home part. The artillery commander singled out a car with a driver and accompanying person. When they were driving along the road, they were attacked by German airplanes - the line went through the car, but the pilot was lucky this time: he was not even injured.
When they brought him to the hospital, bandaged the wound, and he was already lying on the hospital bed, a wounded artillery battery commander was brought to his room, which sheltered the pilot. It turned out that the German planes attacking the car on the way were going to bomb the location of the gunners. During this bombing the commander of the battery was injured.
The glory of the heroic military work of Yasanis flew through the armies and fronts because the brave air pilot often wrote newspapers, his exploits were described in many historical documents.
During the two and a half years of the war in which he participated, he made 493 combat sorties, including 333 times flying to aerial reconnaissance and photographing of enemy troops, 56 times accompanied bombers and attack aircraft that had no losses from enemy fighters, 47 air battles personally shot down nine German planes, carried out 93 bombing and 67 ground attack troops. At the same time destroyed more than 250 vehicles, carts and eight locomotives.
In his regiment he grew from a pilot to a regiment commander.
It would seem that the awards Yasanis is not bypassed. And yet ... According to the existing situation, for 100 sorties on enemy air reconnaissance, the pilot was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. Yasanis exceeded this rate by more than three times. In 1945, the command he was introduced to the title "Hero of the Soviet Union." Then four more times S.Yu. Yasanis presented himself for the title of Hero of the Soviet Union and three times for the title of Hero of the Russian Federation, but he did not receive this three times deserved title.
For high combat skills, valor, courage and courage shown in the battles for the honor and independence of the motherland, Sergey Yu. Yasanis was awarded four orders of the Red Banner, two orders of the Patriotic War I degree, orders of Alexander Nevsky and Bogdan Khmelnitsky, two orders of the Red Star.
On the instructions of the commander of the second air army at the end of October 1943, as a part of a special group, the guard, senior lieutenant Yasanis led reconnaissance of the enemy grouping near the city of Kiev. On a low-level flight in bad weather conditions, I looked through the enemy's positions at the near approaches of the capital of Ukraine. They were found accumulation of tanks in the area of Svyatoshino, in which our attack aircraft struck.
“Working as a deputy of the separate reconnaissance squadron of the Guard, Captain Yasanis, during the winter campaign of 1944, he personally carried out a difficult task of exploring the enemy’s personnel and equipment, for which he was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War, I Degree,” the award documents published on the website “Feat of the People” . - So, 20-22, January 1944, Comrade Yasanis continuously flew to explore and photograph the enemy's Uman aerodrome knot, despite strong anti-aircraft resistance, a large number of fighters on this node, gave the command an accurate picture of enemy airfields, which were then raided by our assault and fighter aircraft, which gave excellent results.
In the period of the destruction of the Nazi troops at Korsun-Shevchenkovsky in February 1944, the guard captain Yasanis flew several times to clarify the situation on the battlefield. Departures for reconnaissance of a ringed group have always combined with bombing and ground attack of personnel and equipment of the enemy. So, 13 February 1944, they found a column of cars and other equipment of the enemy on the road Vygrev-Steblev. According to him, attack aircraft struck the column. It was destroyed before the 20 vehicles and enemy trucks. "
The next day, 14 February 1944, flying in the area of Lesenka, found an accumulation of manpower and equipment of the enemy in Buzhanka. According to all data, this group had a goal to break through our ring around Korsun-Shevchenkovskaya. On time, the transferred intelligence to our ground command and assault aircraft thwarted the enemy's plans.
In difficult conditions of the Carpathian Mountains, the most difficult tasks for exploration were carried out by him personally. In May, 1944 flew daily to the mountains, observing the movement of the enemy, the slightest change in the location. All departures were accompanied by the scattering of leaflets. For excellent combat work during this period, he was awarded the second Order of the Red Banner.
“In fierce air battles over Cape Myskhaki and in the mountains of the Carpathians, he showed examples of heroism accompanied by attack aircraft and bombers. The fierce attacks of the German fighters broke about the skill and courage of the Soviet pilot. When escorted by ground attack aircraft and bomber guards, Captain Yasanis did not have a single case of loss accompanied by enemy fighters, ”the award list states.
During the Lvov operation, the intelligence received by the guard captain Yasanis made it easier for the ground command to unravel the plans of the enemy. 18 July 1944, he opened the concentration of enemy tanks southeast of the charges. Based on this intelligence, our bombers struck at a cluster of tanks. And on July 26, they opened 20 tanks on the outskirts of Lviv, preparing for the counterattack of our attacking troops. Warned about this, our ground command took countermeasures in response, which disrupted the enemy’s tank attack. Scout received thanks to the ground command.
Two days - 26 and 27 of August - Yasanis made reconnaissance of enemy airfields in the area of Uzhgorod and the railway station. On the basis of these data, our bombers over the next two days delivered effective strikes at these objects.
On the territory of the 4-th Ukrainian Front, the terrain was extremely unfavorable for aerial reconnaissance, but Yasanis could find enemy concentrations in any conditions. “The enemy could not hide from his eyes anywhere,” the award documents underline.
In the Krakow direction, Yasanis showed new methods for conducting reconnaissance of enemy troops. 5 January 1945, his exploration was set in motion from Krakow to Velichko to 15-ti tanks, and on the airfield of Krakow to 80 aircraft of various types, at the railway station Krakow to 8 locomotives, on the way Krakow-Slomila two-way traffic of enemy vehicles to 80 units . Based on the data obtained, attack aircraft and bombers inflicted significant force and power strike.
And one more example of the highest skill, courage and courage of Yasanis. 3 February 1945, he flew a pair to accompany the bombers, the group "Boston". The slave pilot returned to the aerodrome due to a malfunction of the aircraft, and Yasanis one covered the group that nine enemy fighters FV-190 tried to attack in the target area. Yasanis skillfully cut off the attacks of the enemy, he himself attacked the enemy, knocked down the lead, made it possible for bombers to bomb and return safely to their airfield.
And today Sergey Yulyanovich warmly recalls his fellow soldiers - V.N. Orlova, A.I. Balyasnikova, I.G. Medvedev, K.P. Fomichev and many others. He speaks warmly of specialists in the aviation engineering service, signalmen, parachutists, staff workers and many other people whom he had to meet on the front lines.
After the war, he was the first in the regiment to master the work of jet fighters in simple and complex weather conditions, he himself became a first-class military pilot and prepared all the regiment's pilots for the first class.
After graduating from the Central Flight Tactical Courses, officers upgraded to the Air Force in 1955 took on an 824 iap in which there was not a single 1 class pilot. And after three years, the entire regiment, thanks to perseverance, high methodological skills of Yasanis, became first-class. For the training of highly qualified air force personnel, Colonel Yasanik was awarded the highest award of the state - the Order of Lenin.
In subsequent positions, Sergey Yasanis passed on knowledge and experience to other pilots.
Heading the national team of the Air Force of the North Caucasus Military District in aircraft sports, he achieved that the team won the Air Force cups, the USSR Armed Forces, the team members became the champions of the Soviet Socialist Republic, and Vladimir Piskunov became the world champion in aircraft sports.
Having been appointed to the newly introduced post of Chief of the District Air Force Search and Rescue Service, he created this service from scratch and brought it to the forefront of the Air Force.
After leaving the Armed Forces for illness, Yasanis fruitfully led the veteran organization of the District Air Force Directorate for many years and is now actively working in it, professing the principle: "The officer can never be in reserve and retired, he is always in the ranks, giving all his strength to the welfare of the Fatherland."
... Last Sunday, October 11 2015 of the year, Sergey Yu. Yasanis turned 93 of the year. He lives in Rostov today and receives congratulations on this special day from his fellow soldiers and veterans. Probably, all readers of the "Military Review" will join the congratulations of this amazing man.