Military Review

Cossacks today

67
After the October Revolution and the Civil War, the Cossacks as a military-service class ceased to exist. The position of the Bolsheviks in the Cossack question from the very beginning was focused on the elimination of this troop class, in whose person the new government saw a serious opponent. However, the Cossack culture survived, and in the 1936 year, on the eve of World War I, it was decided to form cavalry Cossack units and formations in the Cossack regions. In the harsh years of the Great Patriotic War, Stalin was forced to recall the Cossacks, their fearlessness, love of country and the ability to fight. In the Red Army, Cossack cavalry and Plastun units and units, which made the heroic way from the Volga and the Caucasus to Berlin and Prague, were reinstated, deserved many military awards and titles of Heroes. Admittedly, cavalry corps and horse-mechanized groups showed themselves well during the war with German fascism, but already 24 June 1945, right after the Victory Parade, I.V. Stalin ordered Marshal S.M. Budyonny proceed to disband the cavalry formations, because cavalry as a branch of the Armed Forces abolished. The main reason for this was that the Supreme called an urgent need for the national economy to have a pessimistic force, which undoubtedly was true. Despite the merits, after the war, the Cossack units were disbanded. The Cossacks were invited to live out their age in the form of folklore ensembles (with a strictly defined theme), and in films like "The Kuban Cossacks." Again the old Cossack proverb came true: "Like war, so are the brothers, like the world, so sons of bitches."


Cossacks today

Fig. 1. Cossack fate

Nevertheless, the blood and genetic memory of the military-knight class (Russian kshatriyas), hereditary and professional military made itself felt. According to the sociological studies of the Main Political Directorate of the Soviet Army at the beginning of the 80s, at least half of the personnel officers of the Soviet Army were descendants of Cossacks. The new revival of the Cossacks began in the 80-90 years of the last century, mainly with the hands and heads of retired Soviet officers, descendants of the Cossacks.


Fig. 2. Genetic memory

At all times of the existence of the Cossacks, objectively and independently of the legislation and the will of the rulers, there was a process of folding on the Cossack lands of special communities, different from other stereotypes of behavior, developed their original culture, language features. And what is especially important, these Cossack communities saw and realized these differences, they developed awareness of themselves as a separate, distinct from other people. The process of the Russification of this people took several centuries, this process took place at different speeds, often was intermittent, in some places the differences between the Cossacks and non-residents completely blurred. Particularly successfully "worked" in the matters of rasskazachivaniya Soviet power. Despite this, in many places Don Cossacks, Kuban Cossacks (although they clearly distinguish between Ukrainian-speaking "Black Sea" and Russian-speaking "linemen"), Terek Cossacks, and Ural Cossacks are preserved as subethni (the beginnings of a nation). No nation appears immediately from nowhere and does not exist forever. There is always and everywhere an invisible process of creating and developing new peoples (ethnic groups and super-ethnic groups), which absorb and consist of small nations (sub-ethnic groups). Subethnos differing in a number of features, such as the Don Cossacks, Kuban Cossacks, Terek Cossacks, and others, are trying to unite into a single Cossack subethnos - an integral part of the great Russian people (superethnos Russes). This process is tortuous, discontinuous and far from complete, but it cannot be ignored.

A resurgent Russia, of course, needs its most efficient and disciplined sons. Before our eyes, the nature of wars is changing once again. Armies are becoming relatively small and professional. Along with the traditional, so-called hybrid wars appeared, which are a harmonious combination of ordinary, guerrilla and civil wars, as well as rebellion and terrorism. Hybrid warfare is a type of asymmetric warfare and is fought on three main battlefields:

- at the front and among the population of the conflict zone;
- among the rear population;
- among the international community.

Actually, this was the case most often in the past. New is well forgotten old. Mass wars became only in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. They gave rise to total mobilization and mass armies, vast theaters of war, with accompanying all this not only mass self-sacrifice and heroism, but also mass betrayal, cowardice, panic, desertion, etc. The reality of being is that not every doctor, baker, turner, plowman, livestock breeder and even a soldier can become a warrior. Suvorov also said: "A soldier is a profession, a fighter is a vocation, and a warrior is a state of mind." Much already says that now the war is once again becoming the lot of the elect, the chivalrous deed, and the warrior is a piece product. So, even in ancient times in every tribe, if it wanted to survive, for military purposes special soldiers and field commanders were able to organize, inspire, build a crowd of tribal militias into battle formations and turn them into an efficient army. In different nations these military defenders of the clans were called differently: in the Türks, the Beks (Bei, Run), in the Russian boyars (derived from the word Fight). Cossacks (Kaisaks) also appeared from time immemorial and were teams of professional soldiers of the coastal guards and ship ratifications in the service of the steppe kagans, and later in the service of the Russian princes and kings. The security of the borders of our vast Fatherland and the strengthening of the defense capability of the border areas are also the most important problems of our time. And the Cossacks themselves, whose small homeland either borders on “hot spots” or has itself become a “hot spot”, clearly see and realize their unity with all of Russia and only in strengthening Russia they see a way out of the tense situation on the ground. It always has been. It was from the borders of Russia that both the defense and the expansion (expansion) of the Russian world always began. Therefore, the great Russian genius L.N. Tolstoy said: "All Russian история created by the Cossacks, "or so:" The Russian Empire was created by the efforts of two estates, nobles and Cossacks, the rest were present at this time, at best they did not interfere ... "Despite some exaggeration, this is not far from the truth.


Fig. 3. Great Russian Cossack wall

The beginning of the revival of the Cossacks did not pass by the attention of the state. The history of the relationship between the Russian state and the Cossacks was not smooth and conflict-free. The active participation of the Cossacks in the Time of Troubles (which ended with the Cossacks expelling the interventionists and taking an active part in the establishment of a new dynasty), the Razin, Pugachev, Bulavin uprisings — all this shows that the Cossack freemen went into the service of Russia in a thorny and complicated way. This is described in more detail in many articles in this series. (For those who still do not know: to open any of the articles of the series, you need to go to the end of the article to the section "Articles in this series", move the mouse over the desired article and click once with the left button. Even "sim-sim" no need to say, the article itself will open.)

Everyone knows that the overwhelming part of the Cossacks did not take the Soviet power in the face of the Bolsheviks, and in the bloody struggle the Cossacks suffered huge, irreparable and irreplaceable losses. The Cossack troops were eliminated, the color of the Cossacks died, tens of thousands went into exile, hundreds of thousands scattered throughout the country and live in the diaspora. But the immutable law is the fact that in difficult hours for the Motherland, the Cossacks forgot the old tensions and conflicts and went to defend Russia. No matter how painfully and unjustly the child’s mother punished, but she is a mother. And the Cossacks selflessly love their homeland. In the unity of the motherland - the pledge of the prosperity of its people. Cossacks, faithful sons of Russia, bear and are ready to continue to serve in the protection of its borders and interests. Another thing, is the state able to use this potential? In the old days skillfully. And now - the question.


Fig. 4. Cossack chevron

Fig. 5. Battle Cossacks of the end of the 20th century (Serbia)

Fig. 6. Detachment of the Cossack Babaya (Novorossiya)

Fig. 7. Cossacks of New Russia at the checkpoint

About 7 million people in Russia and the near abroad consider themselves to be the Cossacks. Moreover, according to the census 2002 of the year, 140028 residents of Russia entered in the column "nationality" - "Cossack". In the 1980-s and 1990-s of the last century, about two dozen Cossack troops united in the Union of Cossacks of Russia (except for the Don Cossack army) were recreated and created. The Ataman Council members made a sensible decision: to consider the civil war over, to stop the Cossacks splitting Cossacks about “white” and “red” Cossacks, communists and monarchists, to dissociate themselves from political passions in the movement for the revival of Cossacks. But in fact, this did not happen, as in the whole country. Comments in the "VO" on this series of articles demonstrate this with their own eyes. Especially, as before, the heirs and followers of the combats and the Trotskyists in the expressions, assessments and judgments are outraged. Professor MSU R. Samarin expressed this position in these verses:

You uprooted completely
izobrozhennoe under the root,
former Russian Cossacks -
unheard grief.

And the memory of you know-alls
spit almost eyebrow -
Cossacks whine around
not remembering Cossack blood.

In April 1991, the RSFSR Law "On the Rehabilitation of Repressed Peoples" was adopted, which also refers to the Cossacks.
Additionally adopted decrees of the President of the Russian Federation:

- dated 15 June 1992, No. 632 "On measures to implement the Law of the Russian Federation" On the rehabilitation of repressed peoples "in relation to the Cossacks";

- March 15 1993 No. 341 "On the reform of military structures, border and internal troops in the North Caucasus region of the Russian Federation and the state support of the Cossacks";

- Resolution of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation dated 16 July 1992, No. 3321-1 "On the rehabilitation of the Cossacks".

In the Russian government since 1994, the Office of the President for the Cossacks has been functioning.

In 1995 — 1996, presidential decrees have been adopted:

- "On the State Register of Cossack Societies in the Russian Federation";

- "On the procedure for attracting members of Cossack societies to the state and other services";

- "On the economic benefits of the Cossacks."

20 January 1996, by a decree of the President of the Russian Federation, established the Main Directorate of Cossack troops under the President of the Russian Federation. The process of transition of the Russian Cossacks to the civil service began.

These decrees explained many of the moments and contradictions prevailing at that time in Cossack societies. Over time, the number of legislation increases. Here are the most recent and significant:

- The concept of state policy in relation to the Russian Cossacks, decree of the President of the Russian Federation of July 02 2008
No. Pr-1355;

- Law of the Russian Federation dated 05 of December 2005, No. 154-ФЗ “On the State Service of the Russian Cossacks”;

- Law of the Russian Federation from 12.01.1996, No. 7-FZ "On Non-Profit Organizations";

- Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation of February 26 2010 93 “On the types of state or other service to which members of farms, villages, urban, district (yurt), district (separate) and military Cossack societies are involved;

- Four decrees of the President of the Russian Federation of February 09 2010.
No. 168, 169, 170, 171:
1) "On approval of the emblems and banners of military Cossack societies entered in the state register of Cossack societies in the Russian Federation";

2) "On the ranks of members of Cossack societies entered in the state register of Cossack societies in the Russian Federation";

3) "On the certificate of the Cossack issued to members of Cossack societies entered in the state register of Cossack societies in the Russian Federation";

4) "On the form of clothing and insignia on the rank of members of Cossack societies entered in the state register of Cossack societies in the Russian Federation."

- The Strategy for the Development of the Russian Cossacks to 2020 of the Year was adopted and approved by the President of the Russian Federation.

Within the framework of the current legislation, we see an attempt by the Cossacks on the ground to organize themselves into the registry Cossack societies (farm, village, city, individual, military) with great hope of obtaining state and other service with a decent salary and various benefits. But few have managed to bring the statutes in full compliance with the law. Either one farm or another village is not fully developed, and in general, many departments are not formed.

The sprouts of social (non-district) Cossack activities, which are not always organized and planned, but very diverse (military-patriotic, military-sports, folklore, historical, museum, etc.) and very strong, are also clearly visible. Unlike the registered ones, the Cossacks of public Cossack organizations do not express their consent to assume the obligations to perform state and other services specified by the relevant federal and regional laws. There are many reasons for this (age, employment, work, state of health, etc.), but one of the main reasons is the one that has been taking place for the last 20 years - this is a false idea of ​​the foundations of Cossack democracy and a persistent reluctance to obey. Buza and violence, characteristic of many Cossack societies in 1990-s, is still present almost everywhere. It is not by chance that in some regions military and detached atamans recruit half a dozen or more.

According to the current legislation, the clothes of the Cossacks of the registered and public Cossack structures should be significantly different. Since the Cossack public figures are outside the civil service, they are not allowed to wear badges, shoulder straps, sleeve emblems, chevrons. The main task of social activists - the preservation of the Cossack culture. In this case, the registry Cossacks and social activists can and should cooperate.

A very burning question: the place of the Cossacks in modern society. This question can be decomposed into three components:
- from the standpoint of non-kazakh people;
- from the position of the executive bodies of state power;
- from the position of the Cossacks themselves.

The position of "non-Kazakh people" in relation to the Cossacks is heterogeneous and ambiguous. The position of the heirs of the commanders and the Trotsky-Leninists has long been well known and does not need comments. A sensible population is watching, watching how Cossacks behave. But, unfortunately, there are few examples of how to live like a Cossack. It can be said differently: it does not infect an example of living like that. At least, no one anywhere sees a huge line-up so that people, knocking down the doorposts, run to enroll in Cossack societies.

The position of the executive bodies of state power has been clearly worked out over the past 20 years, namely: to work and interact only with organized Cossack societies within the framework of current legislation.

The position of the Cossacks themselves raises more questions than answers. Many Cossacks are very poorly adapted to today. Moreover, for many we see an almost complete rejection of everything that is happening and modern, both in matters of politics, ideology, religion, agriculture, business, information technologies, and in the field of military affairs. Many remained in their understanding of the role of the Cossacks at the level of a horse, cart, plow, pontoon, Cossack checkers and rifles of the 1891 model of the year. Meanwhile, we live in the age of computers, smart machines, high technologies, modern methods of cultivating animals, plants and working the land, perfect and high-precision weapons, rapid general combat ... Do I need to continue to list ?! For the revival of the Cossacks you need to learn all this and be able to adapt it all to the Cossack traditions. The only successful and multidisciplinary direction today is the revival, development and development of the Cossack culture. In this direction, Cossack folk ensembles not only surpassed themselves, but with their songs, performances at local and regional festivals touch even the uninitiated soul! Cossack museums amaze with the richness of the exhibits and the brightness and depth of knowledge of the guides. Of course, it needs to be preserved for posterity, to develop and supplement!


Fig. 8. And songs and dances

Fig. 9. Cossack dzhigitovka

Fig. 10. Military sports

Fig. 11. Cossacks of the XXI century

But, despite all the above difficulties, the military history of the Cossacks is not over, it only froze in anticipation, because the story is driven not only by insanity or mental awareness of individual leaders, nations or states, but above all an objective historical necessity. The history develops in a spiral, and this need will inevitably come, and the Cossacks, as a unique military-historical phenomenon, will no doubt be in demand again at a new, some other, higher level. History, like nature, is not to be deceived.

Regularly, once in 100-150 years, great enemy invasions occur in Russia. They end up for the aggressor, as a rule, very pitiable, more precisely catastrophically. Millions of Gauls, Aryans and their satellites with their biomass fertilize the soil of the endless East European Plain. Since these invasions have happened several times, it is already possible to single out certain patterns. Gaps between invasions can be divided into 3 conditional parts.

1. In the first part of the 30-50 length of years, all the surviving theorists and practitioners of the previous invasion together sprinkle ashes on their heads, repent and conjure descendants to do nothing more than that. They cite wise countrymen and ancestors, they themselves say that no one, never, under any circumstances and for any need, would go to the East, for this is an absolutely perilous business. These Russians, they say, are made from some other test, as always, any of our wisdom and cunning will respond with their unpredictable stupidity, etc. and the like, and all that, and in the end, they will certainly win.

2. In the second part of the 30-50 length of years, the newly emerged highbrow clever people and cleverly wrinkle and rub their foreheads and speak: "We do not understand anything, some kind of paradox. Everything was perfectly planned, prepared, the most convenient moment was chosen, the best people, minds and strength. What is the reason for failure? " And they begin to dig deep into annals and memoirs, they use simplex and complex, analysis and synthesis, integral and differential, dialectics and metaphysics, logic and scholasticism. Attract candidates and doctors, masters and academicians, champions and laureates, journalists and writers. Here and our Rezunov and Volkogonovyh connect. And finally knock themselves on the forehead and shout: "Eureka". Here it is, a thousand and one reasons for the disaster. If you eliminate them, then everything will be okay. And in general, the Russian victory is a tragic coincidence of circumstances and accidents, a meaningless and stupid story and a complete historical misunderstanding that is not amenable to scientific understanding.

3. And now comes the third part of the 30-50 years. Former and new highbrow clever people and clever people again strongly wrinkle and rub their foreheads and say new goals and objectives. Madeleine Albright counts that, with a population density of less than 2 people per square kilometer, this territory should certainly be interned in favor of the world community. Condoleezza Rice will announce Afghanistan as a springboard for advancing democracy in Central Asia and further north. Ex-hippie John Kerry will come up with the idea that it is easier and safer to fight the Russians until the last Ukrainian, etc. etc. And it doesn't matter that while they look at Madeleine as a shizu, from Afghanistan, instead of the triumphal march of democracy, the next Dunkirk is highlighted, and the fate of Ukraine, dear to them, is a big, big question. Despite this, the sirs, peers, and madam are working hard. The main task of this part is to unite Europe, find, prepare and mobilize millions of frostbitten landsknechts and raise the next Fuhrer or Buonaparte, which will lead the crazy Europeans once again to "Drang nach Osten". It is not so easy. After all, it’s going to be a bear. It is known that having piled on a crowd, you can even overwhelm him, although this is not an indisputable fact. But first, he will definitely break it. Therefore, no one wants to be the first. For this you need to find fools. For many centuries the role of these fools was played by the Turks and Poles together with the Allied and subordinate tribes. Wise Europeans regularly sent them to the east for slaughter. Not once did the Germans, the Swedes and the French, once even the British, be noted as fools. Americans, pay attention, are too smart to do such a stupid job. Now, the old fools have already been taught, so they are looking for new ones. Recently, in this field unsuccessfully tried to find the laurels, even the Georgians, now the Americans have a row of Ukrainians. And it is very inexpensive, practically for the pies on the Maidan, they got their hands on several millions of crazy fighting cockerels who are ready to defiantly rush at anyone whom the trainer points out. And Ukraine itself will obediently and for a long time play the role of a hungry, but evil, watchdog dog of the West in southwest Russia. This is unheard of, since the times of Gorbachev’s treachery, the success of the united West and the most honest of them have already frankly declared that they will selflessly fight Russia "until the last living Ukrainians". They are echoed by the rulers of Ukraine, who have declared their country a "body armor" of the West. To what extent do these leaders need to hate and despise their people in order to throw them at the bear?

The Fuhrer is also not easy. And the former European Fuhrers did not immediately agree; at the very least, the history of the school was taught and initially sent highbrow and hook-like theorists to three Russian letters. And the current candidates for the Fuhrer know the lessons of history very well, after all, at Harvard, Oxford and Sorbonne, their gentry are taught theories of probability and risk assessment. And with difficulty, a united Europe constantly strives to crack at the seams. But there has never been anything good from a united Europe to Russia, NEVER. Moreover, there will be nothing good even now, from a united Europe and even united with North America. This union is called NATO. Therefore, the revenge-seekers of all kinds are working hard, our collaborators, defectors, defeatists, capitulators and Vlasovists of all stripes are helping them hard, and they are hurting us hard and if they have everything stuck together ... then the story will repeat again.

In this permanent story, everything would be nothing if it were not for one big BUT. In order to pack these millions of uninvited Anglo-Saxons, Gauls, Aryans and their satellites, as well as Vlasovites who joined them, it is necessary to put at least as many of their boys and girls in a different way. And since the reflection of aggression, as a rule, takes place on our territory, we must add as many more civilians. Here is such a centuries-old and joyless arithmetic. And we are now living at the very beginning of the third part, because all these foreign bugs and our home-grown tolerant candidates for policemen, elders and burgomasters are so exhausted and fussing about.


Fig. 12. "Fifth Column" arrived for instruction at the US Embassy

Alas, the situation depicted in this figure is a centuries-old sad tradition of Russian life and politics. It so happened that the opposition in Russia is always the “fifth column” of Russia's geopolitical enemies. Back in the times of Kievan Rus, oppositional and disgraced princes and boyars constantly ran for sponsorship and military assistance “to the steppe” to the Polovtsy or to the black hoods, “beyond the river” to the Bulgars, “beyond the sea” to the Byzantines or Varangians, “beyond the mountain” to Hungarians or "for the swamp" to the Poles. During the days of medieval federalism, the opposition constantly ran to flee, complain, and beat with its head in the Horde to the khans, and after the collapse of the Horde, again, out of old habit, to Lithuania or the Poles. The oligarchs who crossed over from Ivan the Terrible to Lithuania during the Livonian War, with the help of accomplices, servants and agents, unleashed a monstrous civil war in Russia that lasted for 2 for decades, from 1894 to 1915 the year and received the name of Smoot. Its consequences were terrible for the country and the people. When Peter I cut a “window to Europe”, the geography of the opposition's sponsors expanded, and it was not necessary to go into exile. When the royal court and the government constantly acted "French, English, Austrian, Swedish, Prussian, Dutch, etc." parties openly managed by their respective ambassadors and promoting the interests of their countries through the oligarchic lobby. Who carefully watched "Midshipmen forward," he is what it is. From the middle of the XIX century, in addition to the nobles, raznochintsy joined in. After the assassination of Emperor Alexander II and the defeat of Narodnaya Volya, its leaders fled abroad, made a separation and restructuring of their ranks there, and from there continued to lead the process. The February and then the October Revolutions and the civil war became the apotheosis of their destructive activity. More about this was written in the relevant articles of this series. The situation did not change after the revolution. The disgraced Trotsky fled abroad, and the struggle against Trotskyism, that is, with his followers inside and outside the country, became the core and the deepest epistemological cause of Stalinist repression. The Great Patriotic War became a litmus test, which revealed and showed real "enemies of the people" and "traitors to the Motherland" who, under the guise of fighting the Bolshevik power, actually fought with Russia. In the second half of the last century, dissidents stepped on the same rake. In their own words, they "aimed at the Soviet Union, but, as always, they got into Russia." In those years, their writings went on in numerous perestroika publications, working in the field of ruthless, emotional and scientific criticism of everything. They took the truth as a basis, plentifully added lies, conjectures and fantasies of the authors, then they multiplied all this into grotesque. The then office plankton (numerous employees of research institutes, design bureaus, all sorts of offices and sharashka, professors, students, etc.) in kitchens and at work, discussing such publications, brought themselves to orgasm. Such was the popular fun of the then creative class, more like political masturbation. But the corrupting influence and subversive work of dissidents against the USSR gave the West unprecedented luck and ensured victory in the Cold War.

Together, dissidents, party propagandists and corrupt media in the late 80, early 90, an incredible surge of Americanism, a difficult explanation to the West, as well as a whole kaleidoscope of unrestrained socio-political and economic fantasies and illusions that more resembled girlish dreams. From the height of the years I have experienced, I can’t even clearly explain to myself the gnoseology of this phenomenon and will simply refer to the symptoms of mass psychosis. In this case, it does not matter. It is important that America and the West have missed this unique chance, namely, against the background of mass reverence, to make the entire post-Soviet space, including Russia, its satellite. Instead, they declared the USSR defeated, and its people had to kneel, sprinkle ashes on their heads and together begin to lick the West in the ass, as they once did, and the Germans and Japanese are still doing so. But the Russians are one of the most rebellious peoples in the world, and with the exception of defectors, enemies of the people, Vlasovites and compradors, they did not want to do this, if only because they were not defeated, they were simply betrayed. The Americans did not understand that even then, Russia was the only country in the world capable of destroying the United States, although at the cost of its own life. But god with them, it is their mistake, for which they will have to pay dearly. And in the most direct, and not figuratively, gold and banknotes. Since they didn’t have enough sense then to get an alliance and friendship with Russia by kindness and affection, they will have to try to buy it, but it’s not a fact that we are storming.

Until now, God alone knows how a miracle Russia at the beginning of the new millennium slipped from the hot embrace of the world government and preserved its integrity and sovereignty. Without a doubt, this is God's work. Desperate to overthrow the recalcitrant Russian government and blow up Russia from the inside, the West once again began preparations for an open invasion, of course, by proxy. In these pre-storm conditions, it is useful to make an inventory and verification of the existing political forces in terms of the presence of defense or collaborationist consciousness in them. But this is an extremely extensive and multifactorial topic and is beyond the scope of this article.

In the meantime, the point is, the country with varying success leads an active defense against the creeping offensive of NATO on Russia. As part of this defensive strategy, an unexpected resuscitation was gained by the effective medieval practice of creating frontier buffer state formations in the form of popular (read Cossack) republics, and not just located on the former lands of the Don Army. If you carefully read the articles in this series on the formation and formation of the Don Army, the analogies suggest themselves.

Thus, the history of the Cossacks continues, but it will be written by other people, the direct participants in the events. Modern military history, in contrast to the past, is written not only with a pen, but with a bayonet, and together with the ink - with blood, sweat and tears.

Fig. 13. Cossacks in the Parade of Victory in Donetsk 9 May 2015 of the year


Fig. 14. Givi at the Victory Parade in Donetsk 9 May 2015


Fig. 15. Motorola at the Victory Parade in Donetsk 9 May 2015


Fig. 16. "Givi" and "Motorola"


Fig. 17. Motorola with its fighters


Fig. 18. These lads are still without call signs, but already at the Victory Parade in Donetsk 9 May 2015 of the year

Further on fig. 19-39: the hard bread of a people's war with NATO volunteers (new Ukrainian hiwi)






































[Center]

Author:
Articles from this series:
Siberian Cossack Epic
Old Cossack ancestors
Cossacks and the annexation of Turkestan
Education Volga and Yaitsky Cossack Troops
Cossacks in Time of Troubles
Seniority (education) and the formation of the Don Cossack troops in the Moscow service
Azov seat and the transition of the Don troops in the Moscow service
Formation of the Dnieper and Zaporizhia troops and their service to the Polish-Lithuanian state
The transfer of the Cossack army hetman to the Moscow service
Treason of Mazepa and the pogrom of Cossack liberties by Tsar Peter
The uprising of Pugachev and the elimination of the Dnieper Cossacks by Empress Catherine
Cossacks in World War 1812 of the year. Part I, pre-war
Cossacks in World War 1812 of the year. Part II, the invasion and expulsion of Napoleon
Cossacks in World War 1812 of the year. Part III, foreign campaign
Formation of the Kuban Army
The feat of the young Platov (Battle of the Kalalah on the third of April, 1774)
Education Orenburg Cossack troops
Cossacks before the World War
Cossacks and the First World War. Part I, pre-war
Cossacks and the First World War. Part II, 1914 year
Cossacks and the First World War. Part III, 1915 year
Cossacks and the First World War. Part IV. 1916 year
Cossacks and the First World War. Part V. The Caucasian Front
Cossacks and the February Revolution
Cossacks and the October Revolution
Cossacks in the Civil War. Part I. 1918 year. The origin of the white movement
Cossacks in the Civil War. Part II. 1918 year. In the fire of fratricidal Troubles
Cossacks in the Civil War. Part III. 1919 year. Russian Vendée
Cossacks in the Civil War. Part IV. And for what they fought?
Cossacks in World War II
Cossacks in the Wehrmacht and the SS
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  1. Rigla
    Rigla 9 June 2015 07: 15
    +24
    Modern Cossacks need to cleanse their ranks. I often meet a "Cossack" living on a nearby street who, in addition to a bottle, never held anything in his hands, but who was officially listed in some Cossack unit, and so he had 3 times more awards than both my grandfathers received together in the war. Well, really like on Brezhnev. And unfortunately we have a lot of them.
    1. avt
      avt 9 June 2015 08: 13
      +3
      Quote: Rigla
      Modern Cossacks need to cleanse their ranks. I often meet a "Cossack" living on the next street who, apart from a bottle, never held anything in his hands,

      The author has already begun, so Arsen - "Motorola" Marine is already in the ranks of the Cossacks, again "Givi". And the article was started by the author - "After the October Revolution and the Civil War, the Cossacks as a military-service class ceased to exist. "This is necessary - CONDITION !!!!! laughing And this is after the ENTIRE cycle of articles in which only a drunken man cannot read about a people separate from the Russians in the "Cossack"! laughing Your will, but I somehow don’t believe in the author’s "insight", a kind of mimicry. Probably the author is aware of the explanations to the General of the Army "Kozitsin" on the question of "Cossacks" in particular, and the social and state arrangement in Lugansk in general.
      1. Stirbjorn
        Stirbjorn 9 June 2015 09: 44
        +4
        Quote: avt
        here is Arsen - "Motorola" Marine is already in the row of Kazaklv, again "Givi".
        Yes, with Babai, too, the author got into the wrong place. The squad leader was Evgeny Ponomarev (Dingo), who is in the photo. Together with Kramatorsk they fled to Crimea, but Dingo then returned and died in the battle of Izvarino in the summer. But Babai turned out to be a character, completely puffed up, never returned to New Russia, despite all the statements and, in fact, it is strange that his author mentioned it. See a gap on this part ...
    2. andrei.yandex
      andrei.yandex 9 June 2015 08: 28
      +6
      Regarding the awards in comparison with our grandfathers, I turned it the same way, already hurts my eyes.
    3. insafufa
      insafufa 9 June 2015 09: 04
      +3
      Quote: Rigla
      Modern Cossacks need to cleanse their ranks. I often meet a "Cossack" living on a nearby street who, in addition to a bottle, never held anything in his hands, but who was officially listed in some Cossack unit, and so he had 3 times more awards than both my grandfathers received together in the war. Well, really like on Brezhnev. And unfortunately we have a lot of them.


      So even in the Army, these drunks beat themselves in the chest, that they are hereditary and really can’t do anything until the first mess, then it’s clear who is hereditary, and who was attached, clung to the Cossacks. So, next to training in the Orenburg region, we had training for border guards there, only Cossacks. So when the guy from Perm was touched who received the parcel from the house, so this parcel left them sideways from 300 cadets, they really had 40 boys to the end. There were about 200 of us. They didn’t gain baht during the training break. So most of all I was surprised that we were fewer, and they ran. So what am I talking about with these guys in the Caucasus, those who until the last stood turned out to be guys from the southern Urals, so we still correspond. So the Cossack, the Cossack discord and disgrace need to shove from them only trouble.
  2. harryman
    harryman 9 June 2015 07: 24
    +8
    The Cossack theme was raised on time. Now reconnaissance saboteurs play a large role in civil wars. Plastus-Cossacks at all times were the best scouts. Napoleon said: give me 20000 Cossacks, and I will conquer the world. It was Belov’s cavalry-mechanized corps that launched a counterattack near Moscow in late November 1941, and forced Guderian to roll back 130 km from Moscow. The bet only a week later appreciated this. and gave the order to advance. The truth. the fathers-commanders failed the attack, but this is another topic. Cossack cavalry corps in the war are the most combat-ready, since the saber does not require ammunition, but a fuel horse. In addition, the Cossacks do not care what the weather is in the yard, and in what condition the roads are. I would also like to say that one of the Cossack commanders personally killed more than 70 Nazis during the counterattack near Moscow, and as a whole, 1800 people were hacked in that attack. that it is necessary to organize Cossack field camps throughout the country to prepare young people for military service. Let not all be Cossacks, but let everyone be trained in Cossack camps. I am sure that none of them will regret this, and the country will receive real defenders.
    1. Argon
      Argon 9 June 2015 13: 23
      +5
      In my opinion, you have read a lot of fairy tales, and you have not very good conclusions. Of course, the cavalry "flashed a couple of times" during the Second World War, but this was always marred by large losses, and difficult to recover. Now things are as follows. In 95g several "Cossacks" were organized. subdivisions in the Rostov region and the Stavropol Territory on the basis of the military units of the Air Force In addition to chevrons, they differed in that they were fed and financed (by more than half) by the administrations of the indicated federal entities, which contributed to the arrival of a certain contingent there and maintaining a higher level of combat effectiveness in general, relatively other parts of the RF Ministry of Defense. This approach fully justified itself during both Chechen wars. As for the socio-political Cossack movements in Russia, they completely discredited themselves and now represent a "political corpse". You are sure that as a result of the "TRAINING" "Will the country get defenders, and not organized crime groups like the" right sector "? In Novorossia, what we are seeing is The information provided to us in the media, including the advertised characters (including those discussed above), is nothing more than a "parade of clowns". We will learn about the puppeteers much later.
      1. avt
        avt 9 June 2015 13: 45
        +5
        Quote: Argon
        Of course, the cavalry "flashed a couple of times" during the Second World War, but it was always marred by large losses, and difficult to replace.

        No.Here I do not agree categorically! The cavalry brilliantly passed the Patriotic War! Naturally, when it acted either as a partisan detachment, or in conjunction with armored units. That is, in fact by the dragoon method - the horses were used exclusively as a vehicle and the Germans did not disdain horses. I have repeated and will repeat - since the summer of 1941, as soon as we entered the USSR, hundreds of thousands of heads were taken from our population with carts for infantry - tanks to catch up with what Müller Hildebrant specifically indicated with German pedantry. So horse-drawn groups then paid off at 120% ! By the way, for the same
        Quote: Shornikov
        Read before ...
        http://topwar.ru/63213-boy-u-stanicy-kuschevskaya.html

        The cavalrymen who worked there were not purely cavalrymen with GS bottles and drafts bare; tanks on our side really supported them.
        1. Alekseev
          Alekseev 9 June 2015 16: 47
          +2
          Quote: avt
          I agree categorically! The cavalry brilliantly passed the Patriotic War!

          Yes, although it was already a "dragoon" type cavalry.
          But the question is not at all this, but what is a modern Cossack?
          I think that the basic principle of the existence of the Cossacks should be, as before (starting from the century, approximately the 17th), service to the state.
          The economic basis is joint ownership of land from places of compact residence on the territories of the former Cossack Troops and "sovereign salaries", especially for "urban" Cossacks.
          Being in the Cossack community is the essence of service in the reserve of the first stage.
          Classes, fees, military-patriotic activities.
          That is, in modern conditions, the union of patriotic citizens plus state. support.
          Here so in brief.
          1. avt
            avt 9 June 2015 17: 06
            +3
            Quote: Alekseev
            Being in the Cossack community is the essence of service in the reserve of the first stage.
            Classes, fees, military-patriotic activities.
            That is, in modern conditions, the union of patriotic citizens plus state. support.
            Here so in brief.

            laughing When I wrote something similar, comparing it with the extended DOSAAF function, well, like with the USA National Guard. Then, the true Cossacks "went down the drain in the" Cossack "anger.
          2. ver_
            ver_ 9 July 2018 15: 43
            0
            ... the Cossack is an equestrian warrior .. and that says it all .. What used to be: bows, arrows, sabers, lassos, horses ... and now ... Great pleasure in the rain on horseback ... For every vegetable - your time ..
      2. zubkoff46
        zubkoff46 9 June 2015 17: 27
        +2
        For Argon. As for "... an organized criminal group like the" right sector. "I think that our own patriotic" Sector "of Russia will be very useful. The enemy is on the doorstep. Military training and correction of slightly skewed brains of a significant part of our youth is extremely necessary.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  3. saag
    saag 9 June 2015 07: 34
    0
    The village of Kushchevskaya however ...
    1. Shornikov
      Shornikov 9 June 2015 08: 08
      +1
      Read before ...
      http://topwar.ru/63213-boy-u-stanicy-kuschevskaya.html
      1. saag
        saag 9 June 2015 19: 08
        +2
        Quote: Shornikov
        Read before ...
        http://topwar.ru/63213-boy-u-stanicy-kuschevskaya.html

        Well, what do you palm off this, you talk about the present, about how there were Cossacks in the village of Kushchevskaya and the activities of organized crime groups for several years, and the Cossacks pretended that this did not concern them
    2. Vadim237
      Vadim237 9 June 2015 10: 28
      +1
      And what happened to Babai a long time ago is not visible to him.
      1. Lone wolf
        Lone wolf 9 June 2015 17: 59
        +2
        Quote: Vadim237
        And what happened to Babai a long time ago is not visible to him.
        The wedding general was blown away
  4. Asily 50
    Asily 50 9 June 2015 08: 18
    +7
    If brought to the point of absurdity, then the subethnos * nobles * arose, especially the numerous barons, so many of them were brought to RUSSIA. But why now all this * is raised to the shield *? Is it because it is easier to become a patriot of a place than a patriot of your country or a patriot of an ethnos. And the memory of the Cossacks in RUSSIA is different, the memory of themselves is different because they left.
  5. V.ic
    V.ic 9 June 2015 08: 18
    +8
    Cossack family - no translation! The Cossacks were, are and will be! "Clowns" and "mummers" are just dirty foam in a turbulent stream.
  6. Darkness
    Darkness 9 June 2015 08: 24
    +2
    Why do we need "Cossacks" now?
    There is a regular army.
  7. andrei.yandex
    andrei.yandex 9 June 2015 08: 35
    0
    Apparently, the traditions of the free Cossacks are greatly lost, and the registry ones are an imitation. After they were crushed by the kings, traditions were greatly distorted. And whether the Cossacks will revive, then apparently yes, but apparently not in its original form, where decisions were made collectively, taking into account traditions. And who saved them.
    1. Nina Czerny
      Nina Czerny 9 June 2015 11: 16
      0
      "The traditions of the free Cossacks seem to have been greatly lost," ... - What traditions? Yesterday to fight against the Russians with the Poles, today with the Russians against the Poles, tomorrow against the Tatars, the day after tomorrow with the Tatars to go to Moscow. Traditions of robbers and "free" people that hardly need to be revived ...
      1. Asily 50
        Asily 50 9 June 2015 13: 53
        +1
        Yandex. * Cossacks * showed their traditions throughout RUSSIA for centuries. The Turks kept asking whether there was at least someone in Russia after the raids of fabulous * live goods *. Much later Lyudolov appointed Krymchaks.
      2. Asily 50
        Asily 50 9 June 2015 13: 53
        0
        But in the SEVENTH REGION on the Cossacks, local peoples are still almost praying in gratitude for getting rid of raids of various kinds of Likhodey. The hijacking of people into slavery almost immediately ceased.
        1. Lone wolf
          Lone wolf 9 June 2015 18: 04
          +1
          Quote: Asily 50
          But in the SEVENTH REGION on the Cossacks, local peoples are still almost praying in gratitude for getting rid of raids of various kinds of Likhodey. The hijacking of people into slavery almost immediately ceased.
          Something of this is not noticeable there .... to pray ... and there are reasons for that, excuse me, at what level of the sky do you soar ???
          1. Asily 50
            Asily 50 9 June 2015 22: 53
            0
            Do you think that ingratitude is a trait only of Europeans? Kyrgyz Kaisak clans still remember the raids of the Dzungars and all * charms * blanks * of live goods *. It is now that Nazarbayev fabulously describes the heroism of * Kazakhs *, directly the second version of Manas.
          2. The comment was deleted.
  8. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 9 June 2015 08: 58
    +1
    brother Volgin and where did the Volga Cossacks go? the article as a whole is good ........ but incomplete .... yes the awards are not a real Cossack of grandfather's awards .... we have ours. with a bow Vladimir Volgin. Volga Cossack!
    1. ivanovbg
      ivanovbg 9 June 2015 09: 11
      +1
      But in my opinion the article is too big. It was necessary to divide it into at least three parts - before 1917, 1917-1991 and after 1991. But no matter how the article is written, all the same, all readers will not please.
  9. ivanovbg
    ivanovbg 9 June 2015 09: 03
    +3
    In Bulgaria, there are also Cossacks, the most real:

    18 September 2012, in the crypt of the Patriarchal Compound of the Russian Orthodox Church in the Bulgarian capital of Sofia, in agreement with the Synodal Committee for Interaction with the Cossacks, the constituent Cossack circle (collection) of Sofia was held. Before the founding Cossack circle, the abbot of the Patriarchal Compound, Father Superior Philip, swore an oath before the Holy Cross and the Holy Gospel to an initiative group wishing to join the All-Great Don Army. Then the flag of Bulgaria was introduced into the crypt and the Bulgarian anthem was performed.

    And UTB Sofia Montenegrin St. Cosmas and Demiana Monastery in 2014, St. Panteleimon's Sofia Cossack Village in Bulgaria. Ataman of the village Ivan Avovich Avtutov, a hereditary Cossack was born and raised in Bulgaria, but honoring the traditions and memory of his ancestors, he created a stanitsa organization of hereditary Cossacks permanently residing in Bulgaria. The champion of Bulgaria in hand-to-hand fighting, deputy chieftain Konstantin Paskov podesaul, the head coach of the Bulgarian national kickboxing team, the centurion, the president of the Federation of Bodybuilding. The spiritual mentor is father Eugene, rector of the monastery. It is also worth noting the amazing fate of Hieromonk Father Nikanor, who recently was one of the leading financial experts on Wall Street in England. A wealthy, successful businessman and financial expert, left social life and left for the 200 summer monastery in Bulgaria. Now bless the Cossacks in the fight against satanic evil.
    1. zubkoff46
      zubkoff46 9 June 2015 17: 30
      +1
      Lovely, brothers!
  10. Standard Oil
    Standard Oil 9 June 2015 09: 18
    +5
    There are too many mummers who can only show off in uniform and strum with fake medals, these must be cleaned out of their ranks because they compromise the whole thing, it's like after the defeat of Trotsky by Stalin, there were so many fake Stalinists in the country who did nothing or, even worse, secret harm by compromising the great cause of Stalin. We do not need ceremonial "Cossacks".
  11. Platov
    Platov 9 June 2015 09: 27
    +8
    Cossack is at heart! Free people, with traditions, faith and truth in the soul. I live in the capital of the Don Cossacks and I want to say that I do not stand up in the army, but with all my heart I consider myself a Cossack. Cossacks, this is a little more than a uniform, a horse and a checker ...
    1. Vladimirets
      Vladimirets 9 June 2015 18: 19
      +1
      Quote: Platov
      Cossack is at heart! Free people, with traditions, faith and truth in the soul. I live in the capital of the Don Cossacks and I want to say that I do not stand up in the army, but with all my heart I consider myself a Cossack. Cossacks, this is a little more than a uniform, a horse and a checker ...

      But it’s still not clear to me where so many Cossacks come from in Vladimir, Moscow, Vologda and many other areas? Yes, even with atamans, uniforms and everything else? request
      1. Rarog
        Rarog 9 June 2015 18: 27
        0
        Quote: Vladimirets

        But it’s still not clear to me where so many Cossacks come from in Vladimir, Moscow, Vologda and many other areas? Yes, even with atamans, uniforms and everything else? request


        Well, probably in connection with the mass resettlement of people in the USSR, and not only, for one reason or another: World War I, Revolution, Civil War, World War II, Construction of new cities (industries, canals, roads, Baikonurov, BAM, etc. ), the development of virgin lands, the transformation of a country with a predominantly peasant population into a country with a predominantly urban population, the distribution of students upon graduation to various parts of the country, the collapse of the Soviet Union and the powerful relocation of mainly Russian people from the former republics to Russia, the development of civilization at the end Finally, when moving over vast distances became many times more accessible to huge masses of people and many other objective reasons.
  12. friend of animals
    friend of animals 9 June 2015 09: 39
    -1
    The so-called Cossacks have already noted cowardice and drunkenness in the war in Ukraine. The mummers, in a word, there were no Cossacks left. Himself from Rostov, seen enough of this clowning.
  13. Nick. Alex
    Nick. Alex 9 June 2015 10: 01
    +1
    Judging all the Cossack people by several drunks is frivolous and unworthy. Yes, there are many mummers - but are these true Cossacks? Now the nobles with counts and barons are incredibly bred - and so what?
    Yes, it is difficult to restore the Cossacks, which were subjected to genocide in the first years of Soviet power (for the uninformed, about 80% of the Cossacks were destroyed!). But it goes. So far, mainly through the revival of cultural traditions, through the recreation of traditional Cossack customs. But this is just the beginning. Do you want to know the Cossacks better? Come to our Don, be sure to visit Starocherkassk, Novocherkassk, Azov, Veshenskaya and, of course, Elanskaya, where there is a very interesting museum. And when you see with your own eyes the execution lists, where in the column "What is accused of" it is written "Cossack", then, perhaps, you will understand the whole tragedy of the Cossacks of the 20th century. Judge the people by their best representatives. And there is enough shit everywhere.
    1. Nina Czerny
      Nina Czerny 9 June 2015 11: 30
      0
      Cossacks faithfully served the tsars for which they were rewarded with lands and did not pay taxes. The Cossacks were punitive under the tsars and most of them actively fought against the Soviet regime (the power of "foreigners and the poor"). There were white and red Cossacks. And in the political and civil war, everyone sheds blood. The brutal suppression of the White Cossacks is difficult to justify, but the White Cossacks also committed terrible massacres and did not really feel sorry for the Reds and their families. And during the Great Patriotic War, how many thousands of Cossacks who fled to the West came to destroy the Bolsheviks and commissars in the USSR? Yes, only for the most part they destroyed the civilian population, which had nothing to do with the repression of the Civil War. And what about the fact that the Cossacks erected a monument to Krasnov, who was hanged for serving the fascists and leading the Cossack fascist units? In 1994, von Pannwitz, A.G. Shkuro, P.N. Krasnov, Sultan-Girey Klych, To TN Domanov and others in Moscow, on the territory of the All Saints Church, a monument was erected "To the soldiers of the Russian general military union, the Russian corps, the Cossack camp, the Cossacks of the 15th cavalry corps who died for their faith and fatherland."
      On August 4, 2006, the grand opening of the Memorial complex dedicated to the memory of the Don Cossacks who died in the fight against the Bolsheviks, including on the side of Hitler, took place in the village of Elanskaya, Sholokhov district, Rostov Region. In the center of the memorial is a large bronze figure of the last chieftain of the Don army, Pyotr Nikolayevich Krasnov. At the opening of the memorial was attended by official members of the administration of the Rostov region, figures of the Russian Orthodox Church, many Cossacks, including veterans of the Cossack units of the Wehrmacht.
      All talk of white Cossacks is talk of rehabilitating the country's traitors and the Russian people.
      1. Nick. Alex
        Nick. Alex 9 June 2015 13: 04
        -6
        1. Cossacks faithfully served primarily the fatherland.
        2. Cossacks from time immemorial lived on their land, no one rewarded them with it.
        3. They did not pay taxes, but they served all their lives, and they bought horses and ammunition at their own expense.
        4. They actively fought against the cannibalistic Soviet power precisely because its slogan was the complete extermination of the Cossacks.
        5. Yes, sometimes even more Cossacks fought on the side of the Wehrmacht than in the ranks of the Red Army. This consequence is precisely the policy of the Soviet government in relation to the Cossacks. Nobody justifies them, but you can understand why this happened. By the way, how many representatives of other peoples of our country fought on the side of the Germans?
        6. The monument to Krasnov stands on private Compound as the last ataman of the Great Don Army, here is a unique museum dedicated to the genocide of the Cossacks.
        7. The Cossacks are reborn as a unique ethnic group, and some people really don’t like it, because, having recognized the genocide of the Cossack people, someone will have to answer for it.
        8. And the last - the Cossacks were, are and always will be!
        1. Smoke
          Smoke 9 June 2015 14: 35
          +5
          Quote: Nick. Alex
          1. Cossacks faithfully served primarily the fatherland.
          2. Cossacks from time immemorial lived on their land, no one rewarded them with it.
          3. They did not pay taxes, but they served all their lives, and they bought horses and ammunition at their own expense.
          4. They actively fought against the cannibalistic Soviet power precisely because its slogan was the complete extermination of the Cossacks.
          5. Yes, sometimes even more Cossacks fought on the side of the Wehrmacht than in the ranks of the Red Army. This consequence is precisely the policy of the Soviet government in relation to the Cossacks. Nobody justifies them, but you can understand why this happened. By the way, how many representatives of other peoples of our country fought on the side of the Germans?
          6. The monument to Krasnov stands on private Compound as the last ataman of the Great Don Army, here is a unique museum dedicated to the genocide of the Cossacks.
          7. The Cossacks are reborn as a unique ethnic group, and some people really don’t like it, because, having recognized the genocide of the Cossack people, someone will have to answer for it.
          8. And the last - the Cossacks were, are and always will be!


          1. and the rest did not serve faithfully?
          2. C'mon? So on your own? Yes, and from time immemorial ...)) Semirichye, Siberia, Kuban - not conquered lands? Yes, even the quiet Don was recaptured with the tsar’s help from the Tatars.
          3. Didn't they live too curly? AND? Against the background of the rest of the Racean misery ... While the armies were professional and small in number, it made sense for Russia to keep the Cossack estate on their ridge, but when the mass armies became, and it became clear that you won’t get rid of machine guns, the Cossack estate was abolished. It ceased to fulfill its function of a defender - too few, it was easier to draft 15 million peasants into the army - no worse, they also fought bravely like the Cossacks.
          4. Well, it’s clear who will refuse a warm and satisfying boobs just like that. Those red Cossacks who understood this and fought against parasites and survived and fought against the Nazis and left good fame in their own right, to which they are now trying to cling to new rebels like you.
          5. Not true. Not more. The renegade crosses fought on the side of the Wehrmacht, but there were a minority of them. And here is the bingo! You let slip — you consider the Cossacks as a separate people. And for example, I consider the Cossacks-the Russian estate, along with merchants, peasants, nobles.
          6. Krasnov is a traitor to the Russian people. The one who erected a monument to this geek is evil himself ... I did not know that a monument was erected to him ... who is this for our banderlog?
          7. Cossacks are not an ethnic group. Answer to whom? But will not be sad from the answer? I wanted to raise the past ... And who pays you for such desires?
          8. There will always be Cossacks - I agree with that. Only the Cossacks are not transmitted by blood. It is proved by the Great Patriotic War.
          Article minus. But I noticed that in the last year such articles began to appear regularly. Their main goal is to split Russian society and sow doubts. And apart from the long tentacles of our sworn "partners" from beyond the hillock, nothing comes to mind as a reason for such an activation of our allegedly homegrown Cossacks.
          For those Cossacks who are really hereditary Cossacks or "remakes" I can only say: guys don't become g. and. n. before. n. and. m. and. You will be used and thrown away as unnecessary. Look at what is happening in Ukraine. Well, I look forward to sensational discoveries from the author of the article in style: the Cossacks are the ancient people, the descendants of the Scythians, the Sarmatians and the ancient Goths, the Cossacks dug the Caspian Sea and poured the Caucasian mountains.
          1. Nick. Alex
            Nick. Alex 9 June 2015 16: 13
            -5
            1. Not about the rest of the article.
            2. The Land of the Don Army was annexed to Russia by Peter the Great in 1 after the defeat of the Bulawinsky Uprising. Seven Rivers, Siberia, Terek, Kuban, etc. conquered by the Cossacks themselves, no one just gave land to the Cossacks.
            3. Russia never supported the Cossack army, but only paid the Cossacks for service - gunpowder, grain, lead in antiquity, then benefits, etc. And as for the poverty of Russia, it’s not true - to see this, just look at the statistics of 1914
            4. Warm and satisfying boobs, you say? Cossacks served all their lives, were engaged in farming, asked nothing from anyone. And if they lived richer, then not at the expense of someone, but in spite of the eternal Russian laziness.
            5. Before talking about a lie, refer to the statistics. Fortunately, it is now available. The fact that you consider the Cossacks an estate, not a people, does not change anything in the identity of the Cossack people - we know who we are and where they came from.
            6. Krasnov made a huge and unforgivable mistake. For which he was punished. To evaluate him as a writer, thinker, statesman is everyone's personal business.
            7.Quality is a unique ethnos. This is the time. The second - it is necessary to answer before the memory of the innocently exterminated children, women and the elderly, who were destroyed only for belonging to the Cossack family at a time when men were at war.
            8. Cossacks are transmitted by blood. And we remember all our ancestors. And, mind you, do not insult, unlike you, your memory.
            And further. All of you tentacles from behind the hillock see. It’s you who are the ones who split the society, accustomed to walking in line and not tolerating other views.
            1. avt
              avt 9 June 2015 18: 08
              +1
              [quote = Nick. Alex.] Semirechye, Siberia, Terek, Kuban, etc. conquered by the Cossacks themselves, no one gave the land to the Cossacks just like that. [/ quote]
              The current after the Cossack raid, or travel, well, like Dezhnev, ALWAYS the king sent the streltsy army next to the king, or the settlers from Russia went. Would you like to remember Ermak? Well, there - why, with his death and his gang, Siberia remained in Russia? About the Kuban, so read the story about Tmutarakan. [Quote = Nick. Alex.] - we know who we are and where we came from. [/ quote]
              But we won't tell anyone, otherwise something like a tribe of lost people immediately appears, well, the same excuse for taking the SS oath to Hitler personally. [Quote = Nick. Alex.]. The Cossacks are just passed on by blood. [/ Quote]
              laughing To mum's mink himself, how is it to laugh? What kind of blood is that? Groups there, no genotype. Maybe at the same Sholokhov you read who Melikhov looks like and why he was called a Turk. It was mixed there from everyone a little and at least burst your bladder, but you won’t find the end. Not of course you can from Adam and Eve .... By the way, on kakovskaya ,,, Cossack "language, then you soften? [quote = Nick. Alex.]. And, mind you, we do not offend, unlike you, your memory. [/ quote]
              Yeah - subtly so hinting [quote = Nick. Alex.], Having recognized the genocide of the Cossack people, someone will have to answer for it. [/ Quote]
              [quote = Nick. Alex.] Well
              [quote = Nick. Alex.] Unique ethnos [/ quote]
              Try to use the example of the Great Birds to understand the simple truth about the little bird that flew right in the sun, if you do not consider yourself [quote = Smoke]. And for example, I consider the Cossacks-the Russian estate, along with merchants, peasants, nobles. [/ Quote]
              And if you want to spit on the Russian people from the heights of "the antiquity of the clan and blood" - it's up to you - Cossack. There are pretty many such people to play in the "Cossack" and [quote = Nick. Alex.] B, recognizing the genocide of the Cossack people, someone will have to answer for it. [/ Quote]
              I do not advise you to continue to spit on, like ykry, from kinship with the Russian people. We’ll kill ourselves with our sleeves, but those in the otvetka will definitely drown.
            2. Alexey RA
              Alexey RA 9 June 2015 18: 50
              +3
              Quote: Nick. Alex.
              6. Krasnov made a huge and unforgivable mistake. For which he was punished. To evaluate him as a writer, thinker, statesman is everyone's personal business.

              According to the laws of the Empire, Krasnov is even a traitor and a separatist. There is no other way to name an officer of the Imperial Army, who, before concluding a peace treaty, addresses the head of the enemy coalition with a proposal for a separate peace, a request for recognition of the Empire’s area under his rule as an independent state, and a request for military assistance in exchange for deliveries to Germany bypassing the blockade.
              There is nothing to say about the sabotage by the Krasnovs of the White movement at the most critical time. Denikin accurately described everything.
            3. Smoke
              Smoke 9 June 2015 20: 54
              +3
              Yes, I already realized that in the very near future a new hypostasis of the Austrian professor Grushevsky with his Kozatsk version of history should appear, and in Ukraine an ancient Kozatsk language will be created, otherwise it is still difficult for young people to explain why the Kozaks should be a separate non-Russian ethnic group just due to the fact that the Russian in the center of Russia speaks "Flag" and "Coat of arms", and the real one gutarises "Gherb" and "Flagh". Well, naturally, such facts as tsarist decrees on the conversion of ordinary racial peasants, Bashkirs, Kalmyks, Buryats into the Cossack estate in the new Cossack history will be declared false Maskal propaganda, because all educated and civilized people have always known that the Cossacks were in ancient Egypt in the service of the pharaohs of the Jews The pyramids were driven to build, hence the age-old confrontation between Jews and Orthodox kozachki ..
              1. Rarog
                Rarog 9 June 2015 21: 32
                +3
                Quote: Smoke
                ...


                At that rate, a nation will appear on the agenda in the next 30-50 years. managers with his oceanic langwij and struggle (raider fighting game or whatever they have actually it will sound) per country Gazprom.

                PS By the way, about the "Cossack language", to their fellow-opponents in the Cossack estate (usually the Donchaks are so "separate national". To me, as a generic Cossack from the Orenburg Host, for saying that we are all Russians hefty in "tyrnetu" from such cossacks gets winked ) asked this question - why, since we should be a separate nation, our language is Russian, to which I was answered that our language was completely different and in the Patriotic War of the 12th year Kutuzov had to resort to the services of an interpreter with " kOzatskAVA "into Russian, but for some unknown reason," entot kOzatskiy "has not survived to this day ... Muscovite oaths. To convince such kOzachki in the opposite way is akin to talking with a banderlog.
          2. Rarog
            Rarog 9 June 2015 17: 01
            +4
            Quote: Smoke
            1. and the rest did not faithfully serve? .....


            I agree with you 100%.
            Himself, just by birth from the Cossacks of the Orenburg Cossack Host, but the propaganda of the "Western comrades" about a separate nation of "Cossacks" and "Cossacks" can not stand it.
            The Cossacks are an estate (not a nation) that has left a huge mark on Russian history and culture.
        2. Vladimirets
          Vladimirets 9 June 2015 18: 22
          +2
          Quote: Nick. Alex.
          in fact, recognizing the genocide of the Cossack people, someone will have to answer for it.

          Who will answer that? And before the Tambovites, Volga and many others. Is it really only the Cossacks so affected?
  14. Zaq
    Zaq 9 June 2015 10: 13
    -2
    Igor Strelkov about the Cossacks:

    "The day before yesterday, almost all the" glorious Cossacks "(both local and Russian) escaped from the Krasnolimansk direction. At night, I ordered the commander of the Krasnolimansk company to return to their positions. The" Cossack general "did not carry out my order. Our detachment commander immediately returned to the rear and sent, only panic can raise. We will hold our positions. We have enough forces. But why the hell hundreds of "Don and Kuban heroes" arrived here at all? What are they protecting in Anthracite? Who are they fighting with? With the local livestock of chickens and vodka tanks? "

    “We have Cossacks in the militia and there are quite a few of them. But! There is not a single “purely Cossack” unit or unit. Because, as soon as something like this forms in the conditions of an irregular war, then more recently disciplined and combat-ready warriors instantly turn into a gang of looters and cowards.

    What is the reason for this? Yes, with the psychology of a certain “exclusivity”: the “Cossack” warrior for no reason, for no reason, begins to consider himself “something higher than all the others”. And since it is “higher”, it is “more valuable” and requires a “special approach”. That is - he cannot dig trenches - he is a “Cossack warrior”. Someone else should dig trenches for him. and if they are not there, then during the shelling / attack he (the “Cossack warrior”) must first “save himself for the future”, and you can abandon the position - it’s not a pity.

    But if you drop it, then stop at the little things? And it turns out that from Red Estuary you can easily get to Anthracite.
    There is only one cure for the “Cossack disease”: to ask the Cossacks exactly as much as everyone else, regardless of ambition, stripes and statements “and I am a Cossack!” I fought! “And to be able to take“ by the nail ”those who do not want to perceive realities.

    The only problem is that when too many “Cossacks” gather, they become aggressively uncontrollable. And they turn into a gang of "fathers of an angel". "

    "The Red Beam has been captured by the enemy. Cossacks traditionally fled - only a small detachment of them is kept in the city. "

    "And they must not die -" there is no translation for the Cossack family! "New great achievements await them!

    "The brilliant military path of the Cossacks on Donetsk land was marked by such epochal successes as the surrender of Krasny Liman in one day, the surrender of Popasnoy without a fight, the surrender of Debaltseve, the surrender of Fashchevka without a fight ... Now Krasny Luch has been added to the list. Hooray! Let's wait for new achievements. .. "
    1. Stirbjorn
      Stirbjorn 9 June 2015 10: 48
      +3
      It seems to me that Strelkov is overdoing it, because there is a Cossack regiment of Dremov, to which, absolutely, there are no complaints hi
      1. Pissarro
        Pissarro 9 June 2015 23: 42
        +2
        Dremov’s regiment in the LPR, and Strelkov collided with the freemen in the DPR. The Donetsk Cossacks did not really show themselves well. In support of this, they were essentially corrupted from the militia, they did exactly as Strelkov said, no separate Cossack units, in the general ranks of all
  15. Leader
    Leader 9 June 2015 10: 41
    +6
    What kind of nation is this - "Cossacks"?
    These costumed clowns have shown themselves quite well in the conflicts of the 90s - 2000s - as drunks, marauders and cowards. For one enthusiast of the "revival of the Cossacks" - 20 drunks and drones.
    Clowns! In the courtyard of the 21st century - why do you need checkers, spades, hats? Targets are walking ...
    Modern Russian "Cossacks" are a scanty percentage of an extremely vain ethnos trying to stand out from scratch, isolate themselves, and rise. If there is nothing else ...
    All their attempts are solely out of selfish motives: "Give money for revival!"; and then "Come on, we'll keep order!"
    Go to work!
    Atamanov - like fleas on a mongrel, each "Cossack" is hung with badges (proudly called "Cossack insignia") like a New Year tree. In short, some kind of madhouse ... A bunch of drunkards, impostors and village idiots.

    The article is a collection of nonsense. The author lumped everything together under the leitmotif "Cossacks are an elite by birth!"
    Of the "Cossacks", or what? ...
  16. Valery Valery
    Valery Valery 9 June 2015 10: 52
    +4
    There is a lot of toy in our Cossacks. Unclear epaulettes and crosses annoy me like a military man. I will not say for the militias in the DPR and LPR - I myself was not there, probably the BEST went to fight there, but in the country from Rostov to Irkutsk so many mummers are disgusting.
  17. Smoke
    Smoke 9 June 2015 12: 58
    +2
    service is a privilege. The author is most likely right in his thesis that the time of mass armies is coming to an end, the soldiers of the future will be packed in exoskeletons that will be stuffed with all sorts of complex stuffing for network-centric combat, the weapon will shoot "smart" ammunition, and the weapon itself and the kit will be all to become more complicated - thus, the requirements for the correct operation of all these nishtyaks will be incomparably higher and an ordinary conscript is unlikely to pull such a service.
    This means that only the best should be involved in such a service. And here the author of the article proposes to take and simply appoint the "best" Cossacks. First of all, what Cossacks? And who has the right to be considered a Cossack? During the years of Soviet power, everything has been so trampled with each other ... that every second family has a band of stripes, so now .... shall we write them all together as Cossacks? Or will we arrange entrance exams for the Cossack estate? Did the examiners themselves take this exam? Or are they already all, privileged and homely and they do not have to ??.
    Bullshit is everything. Service is a privilege. And every citizen of Russia should have the opportunity to possess such a privilege, regardless of religion of nationality and gender.
    Well, again, ethnic groups sub-ethnic groups another language the great steppe VILIKI KOGAN blah blah blah blah blah .... well, how much can ????
  18. Balcony
    Balcony 9 June 2015 13: 11
    +1
    Cossacks are cavalry, three years at home, three in the service, this is all the ammunition at their own expense. Does this have a place in today's world? First, the Cossacks will prove that they are people, and then what are you looking for independence and sovereignty?
    1. Asily 50
      Asily 50 9 June 2015 15: 52
      0
      Nothing like that, the Cossacks under the king armed themselves due to tax evasion and huge plots of land. All the peoples of RUSSIA valiantly fought and defended the fatherland, including * foreigners *. Moreover, the Cossacks rebelled at different times: Kalmyks, Bashkirs, Buryats.
  19. Black
    Black 9 June 2015 15: 36
    0
    Honestly, as it has already begun to get articles on the topic-who are they, where did they go, and where are the Cossacks going.
    And it starts !!!! And they conclude:
    Quote: Balkon
    Cossacks is a cavalry
  20. Rarog
    Rarog 9 June 2015 16: 47
    +5
    Request to the author of the article and to everyone else, stop repeating and disseminating Hitler's criminal lie about the Germans belonging to Aryan blood. The carriers of the Aryans in modern science are considered to be carriers of the haplogroup R1a, among the Germans there are much fewer than among the Indians, Slavs, Iranians and some representatives of the peoples of Central Asia.

    By the way, unfortunately, in communication with some modern representatives of the Cossacks, a strange feeling of déjà vu arises on the theme of "great ukrov". Western "friends" have already brainwashed some representatives of the Russian ethnos, now they have taken up the Cossack estate and not only, you can also remember about the "separate nation" of "Pomeranians" and "Siberians". It is sad to realize that such a lie affects some of the "wet dreams" about the mythical "Kozakia" and talk about the eternally "damned Tsapah-Mosk Aliah" (yes, yes, such words are heard not only from the lips of ukrov, but also from the mouth of some coats) appear more and more often. One cannot turn a blind eye to this, the tragedy in Ukraine has already been missed, it will take years to fix it.

    PS By birth, a Cossack from the Orenburg Cossack army (almost in all branches ... even ancestors from the merchant class met), I know my roots in individual branches up to the 8th generation, in separate branches up to the 6th, research on one of the branches of my the trees that one of my great-uncles spent are in the archives of the Mednogorsk Museum of Local Lore, another great-uncle in the 90s was elected ataman for his belonging to the old Cossack family, nevertheless all of my relatives whom I found spoke of the Cossacks as class, but about yourself as a Russian people. I am writing this especially for the "Cossacks" from the "Cossack".
  21. orphan 63
    orphan 63 9 June 2015 17: 58
    +2
    Russian Cossacks. reference
    The total number of Cossacks in Russia in December 2013 was 7 million people, including registered - 750 thousand. There are 11 registered Cossack army societies in the country: the Don Cossack Army, the Central Cossack Army, the Volga, Yenisei, Transbaikal, Irkutsk, Kuban, Orenburg, Siberian, Tersk and Ussuri Cossack military societies. According to reports, the total number of Cossack societies is more than 700 thousand people.
    In 2013, the Presidential Council for Cossacks Affairs approved an action plan for 2014-2015 to implement the development strategy of the Russian Cossacks until 2020. According to the plan, Cossack patrols on a contractual basis will be able to protect public order with the police. Private Cossack security companies will protect state, municipal and private facilities, and under contracts with the Ministry of Emergencies - to participate in the elimination of natural disasters and emergencies.
    Russian President Vladimir Putin signed amendments to the law "On the state service of the Russian Cossacks", in which he obliged the Cossacks in the civil service to have non-partisan status. The corresponding document is published on the official portal of legal information.
    "Members of Cossack societies ... who have assumed obligations to perform public or other services are required to suspend their membership in political parties and other public associations pursuing political goals, are not entitled to join them and take part in their activities", - says the law. At the same time, the activities of political parties and public associations pursuing political goals are not allowed in the Cossack societies included in the state register.
    The amendments were introduced by a group of deputies from United Russia, who insisted on the need to "ensure the genuinely popular character of the civil service by the Cossacks and free it from elements of political confrontation." Similar measures are currently in force with regard to military personnel. The document was adopted by the State Duma on November 11 and approved by the Federation Council on November 19 this year.
  22. dmb
    dmb 9 June 2015 18: 20
    +4
    The funniest thing about these Cossack "elegies" is the conclusions. If we put aside all sorts of nonsense like "the positive medieval practice of creating popular (read the Cossack" republics on the land of the Don Army ", then the bottom line is one Cossack should be free, but have state support. Free, this means, you want to fight, but you want to go to the hut Well, as it was in the Civil War, irrigated with tears by the author. And for what state support? By the way, one more piece of news. It turns out that all these ulcers live in Donbass - kshatriyas. And all the miners are made of them.
    1. Lone wolf
      Lone wolf 9 June 2015 18: 59
      +4
      Quote: dmb
      The funniest thing about these Cossack "elegies" is the conclusions. If we put aside all sorts of nonsense like "the positive medieval practice of creating popular (read the Cossack" republics on the land of the Don Army ", then the bottom line is one Cossack should be free, but have state support. Free, this means, you want to fight, but you want to go to the hut Well, as it was in the Civil War, irrigated with tears by the author. And for what state support? By the way, one more piece of news. It turns out that all these ulcers live in Donbass - kshatriyas. And all the miners are made of them.
      So precisely ,,,, the underground Cossacks are called ,,,, although, under the king, the Cossacks of the miners did not take
      1. Smoke
        Smoke 9 June 2015 20: 42
        +1
        for the underground Cossacks +)))
  23. Lone wolf
    Lone wolf 9 June 2015 18: 32
    +3
    Damn, the article is a set of high-profile phrases about the elitism of the Cossacks and the photos taken by the ears right from here with VO ,,,, the author was too lazy to look on the net .... like people shavel ,,,, touched signatures ... Battle Cossacks .. . and what else should we be ???? Does the author admit that there are mummers? Cossacks at a checkpoint .... I watched for a long time ,,,, there was an article on VO with such a photo, but it was about residents of Donbass who took up arms and did not identify themselves with the Cossacks, ,, Givi and Motorola, I fell into prostration, where and how did they refer to themselves as Cossacks ???? But the topic finished me, about hard bread and Ukrainian heavis ... again ripped from here from VO ,,,, published on a completely different topic ,,, To whom not laziness, raise articles on VO look
  24. bandabas
    bandabas 9 June 2015 18: 47
    +4
    Normal article. But the question is who should be considered a Cossack. Personally, I have terse blood mixed in. and Pskov, and from the Saratov province, from Siberia, and, in addition, Ukrainian. And I live in the Murmansk region. But I am Russian. And in the summer I will go to Kabarda to honor the memory of my great-grandfather and grandmother. And there are plenty of mummers everywhere.
    1. Asily 50
      Asily 50 10 June 2015 20: 32
      0
      Cossacks * were imposed * by royal decree any local population loyal to the military authorities. By nationality, the Cossacks were different - this is a service class, like merchants, farmers, or nobles with priests. There is no king, and it is IMPOSSIBLE to appoint ANYONE to the Cossacks; let them come up with a new name for this layer * not Russian *.
  25. Archon
    Archon 9 June 2015 19: 29
    +1
    opinion.
    It is important that in Russia there is a special culture of the Cossacks, which should be used with benefit.
    beneficial features:
    1) although the Cossacks do not have modern weapons, they do not run multi-kilometer march-throws in full, do not parachute, do not have the skills to control the latest technology, Cossacks have
    a high level of patriotism, a desire to serve, means potential cadres for the army, where they can already be trained normally.
    2) compared with the rest of the population, Cossacks are more large. and this is good, because in general they are healthier.
    Problems:
    1) poor organization.
    2) An obsolete culture that needs to be modernized. it needs so much modernization that in the future everyone is afraid and respected Russian space paratroopers and Russian space Cossacks. a joke, but it would be cool. for example, horses can be left a little, but for scout drones and new armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles to appear, for example.
  26. philosopher
    philosopher 9 June 2015 20: 31
    +9
    Note, of course, informative, but ...
    Immediately I ask you to take into account that I am from Donetsk, my windows are re-glued with scotch tape, it is my October Revolution House of Culture destroyed on a nearby street, it’s in my neighboring courtyards the walls of houses are "poked" with fragments. I will not sculpt a humpbacked to the wall - I know the situation here firsthand! Who believes - believe me, who does not believe - do not read further!
    Here are many photos, only they are from our May Parade. They have nothing to do with the Cossacks! We have almost no Cossacks. They were almost completely defeated by the DPR army! I am responsible for my words, and refer to the website of the Cossack Union of the Don Cossack Region. This is in Donetsk, whoever wants to can see for himself.
    http://ksovd.org/
    Why they did this to them is a rhetorical question. Why did they remove or eliminate Strelkov, Gubarev, Bezler, Brain, Bolotov, Batman, Kozitsyn and many, many, many? I have no answer. And about the Cossacks - you can ask them yourself. I give a link, but after a while it connects with errors.
    http://ksovd.org/

    And yet, please: tell me how to change this ugly dill icon to ours, DNR-ovsky? I ask you to explain with simple concepts, in computers I do not really hack ...
    If someone tells me, thanks for the help. I can’t immediately respond - there are communication problems.

    By the way, I was at our Parade on May 9, I couldn’t get along Ilyich Ave., as the vehicles were already clogged up to the stop and the doors didn’t open, I had to get by tram number 9, and then walk to Lenin Square. I was soaked like a stray dog, I didn’t see x * e * behind the backs of thousands of citizens, except for umbrellas above my heads, but impressions, aura, emotions and energy were in the air! Even looking at the action on the computer in detail and in detail, I did not have such an impression. And on the computer I saw the following: The parade was beautiful. The soldiers were like little pictures. Technique rode covered with flowers. And then in the rain, the IMMORTAL Regiment was walking in colors! It was cooler than the Victory Day parade in 1945. Zakharchenko is a clear man! Under the torrential rain, the whole Parade stood on one leg (the wound had not yet healed), and when the descendants carried the portraits of their IMMORTAL ancestors, he and all the officers laid bare their heads and stood still for about 30 minutes while the people were walking.
    To feel this or to see it, one must live in Donetsk.
    I saw prisoners of dill being escorted in the city in 2014, I saw the Parade of future winners, and God forbid, I see the third Parade, where our damned dill banners will be carried and thrown under the feet of ordinary citizens who work for the country and the Army and give things for refugees, donate money, food for humanitarian aid, medicine and blood for the wounded, and at their workplace they die like soldiers, but everyone is waiting for this victory of ours !!!
    I am ours, but I repeat, it’s not my mind that what happened to the Cossacks ...
    1. avt
      avt 9 June 2015 21: 27
      +3
      Quote: philosopher
      And yet, please: tell me how to change this ugly dill icon to ours, DNR-ovsky? I ask you to explain with simple concepts, in computers I do not really hack ...

      I don’t know the DNR, but under the red one easily - click on the top right PERSONAL OFFICE and then My profile, then on to edit the profile and everything is simple there - you will find a red flag. Well, how else could your sovereign, 400 years ago, Sigismund Herberstein - ambassador at court the Russian tsar wrote - "Russians are fighting under the red banner."
      1. philosopher
        philosopher 10 June 2015 01: 01
        +3
        Thank you buddy! It looks like I managed to replace the checkbox with your help.
        Now I, as a person, will be among normal people, otherwise I’m just ashamed of myself. I live in Donetsk, and the flag is like in Dill.
      2. The comment was deleted.
  27. Shur
    Shur 9 June 2015 21: 40
    +1
    An article on a good topic, but not the topic itself. Be careful with such pearls "The process of Russification of this people took several centuries, this process took place at different speeds, was often intermittent, in some places the differences between Cossacks and nonresidents were completely blurred." What other people? I don't know how the West, represented by the British, played the "Cossack" card. About the origin of the word boyar you are clearly wrong, just categorically. It does not and has never been an adjective to military abilities and ranks. Read its etymology. In any version, this is actually the same as a rich man (businessman) at the moment, a representative of the elite. You have such titles as prince, voivode, thousan, etc. don't talk about anything? The boyar of the princely family is who do you think? In general, unsuccessful and unfounded by nothing examples of the etymology of words and concepts. Yes, and for a second a Cossack (he is a Cossack, a Cossack, rather a Sarmatian origin, "Root" as. " The meaning of this root is known - “free, free.” But in addition, “as” was a generalized self-designation of all Sarmatian peoples (the Greeks called them Sarmatians after the tribe of Savromats with whom they contacted). Such designation of ourselves is by no means uncommon in the world, for example , “Franks” also means “free”, and Genghis Khan collected the Mongolian ethnos from “people of long will.” The root “as” was included in many Sarmatian tribal ethnonyms. The ending “-ak, -ah” was used to form nouns from adjectives or verbs Thus, "Cossack" in literal translation is something like "freeman", and if translated not in form, but in meaning - "free man." "Cherkasy" ("cher" - head) reads in two ways: "main ases "," main free ", or" free heads "", there e Polovtsian kuren, etc.)
  28. Vladimir111
    Vladimir111 9 June 2015 23: 28
    +4
    My maternal great-grandfather was a Don Cossack, so my grandmother says about them (Cossacks) - "utter bastards."
  29. strannik1985
    strannik1985 10 June 2015 21: 22
    0
    Quote: avt
    Quote: Alekseev
    Being in the Cossack community is the essence of service in the reserve of the first stage.
    Classes, fees, military-patriotic activities.
    That is, in modern conditions, the union of patriotic citizens plus state. support.
    Here so in brief.

    laughing When I wrote something similar, comparing it with the extended DOSAAF function, well, like with the USA National Guard. Then, the true Cossacks "went down the drain in the" Cossack "anger.

    The US National Guard is an army, partly funded and subordinate to local authorities. After Operation Desert Shield, 70% of units and formations of combat, material and technical support were transferred to NG. No "Cossack circles" or the like are in control of NG. In the United States, the analogue of the Cossacks is the Minitmen, local voluntary formations. Moreover, the American authorities are developing law enforcement units for the fight against drugs (like ours, only for the fight against terrorism))), and not local militias.
  30. strannik1985
    strannik1985 10 June 2015 22: 59
    0
    Here you need to understand a simple thing.
    Cossacks (organized) as a kind of club on the historical roots of the state can and will support (as supported by various reconstruction, pentball clubs, etc.). As some sort of organized military force, I doubt it very much. For internal control, there are special forces, special forces, special forces and units of explosives (have priority in financing and recruiting military personnel), the FSB, and the Russian Armed Forces in case of emergency. Why do authorities need hemorrhoids in the form of a semi-controlled non-state military organization?
    The interests of the authorities and the Cossacks converged in that short period when in the future LPR and DPR there was no sufficient organized military force, now the republics have their own armies, as soon as they gain strength or will actually be discontinued, b / d-Cossacks will be "asked" or put in build (and that's okay).
  31. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 18 June 2017 19: 17
    +1
    in all censuses in the column nationality I have written Cossack! What I am proud of! Call Sign - Kalmyk! Brothers Cossack Bow! yes Hello Wish!