Military Review

12 April Russia celebrates Cosmonautics Day

120
Day 12 April 1961, was marked by the famous phrase Yuri Gagarin "Let's go!". Later, people will call this day the morning of the space age, on which 12 of April entered all of humanity. The feat of the first Soviet cosmonaut personifies everything that was created by the human mind from ancient times to the present day. This flight and the name of the first cosmonaut will be forever written in history in gold letters.


Yuri Gagarin’s flight was preceded by intense and hard work aimed at preparing and launching the first satellite, the first living creature and, finally, the first spacecraft in automatic mode with a man’s dummy aboard (at Baikonur, the dummy was nicknamed Ivan Ivanovich) followed by the return of the descent vehicle back to Earth. For those years everything was new and new. Then no one could say with certainty in advance how the human body would behave in the conditions of space. Yuri Gagarin had to answer the simplest questions, for example, is it possible to apply food in conditions of weightlessness. There was no certainty whether the cosmonaut's psyche would cope with the flight. The first flight into space was a real feat.



12 April 1961, the world's first spacecraft Vostok with an astronaut on board, was successfully launched into Earth orbit. The launch of the first manned ship in the history of mankind was led by Sergey Korolev, Leonid Voskresensky and Anatoly Kirillov. The first pilot-cosmonaut was a citizen of the Soviet Union, pilot-cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin. The launch of the multistage rocket was successful, and after recruiting the required speed and separation from the last stage of the launch vehicle, the spacecraft with a man on board began a free flight in Earth orbit.

After circling the Earth, 108 minutes after the launch, the braking system was activated, after which the satellite-spacecraft began to descend from orbit to make a landing. In 10: 55 Moscow time, the astronaut successfully landed in a given area. The landing took place on arable land near the Volga shores near the village of Smelovka, Ternovsky district, Saratov region.



The initiative to establish in our country the Day of Cosmonautics was first made by the understudy of Yuri Gagarin during the first space flight of man in space - cosmonaut German Titov. It was Titov who also proposed, on behalf of the government of the Soviet Union, to turn to the UN with the idea of ​​organizing World Cosmonautics Day. In the USSR, a holiday in honor of the world's first manned space flight was approved on the basis of the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of April 9 of 1962. That is, from the first manned flight into space until the date of this flight was recognized as a holiday, only a year passed.

In November 1968, at the 61st General Conference of the International aviation the federation was able to make a positive decision to celebrate April 12 as World Aviation and Space Day. The celebration of this day was confirmed by a decision of the Council of the International Aviation Federation, which was adopted on April 30, 1969 on the proposal of the Federation of Aviation Sports of the Soviet Union.

7 April 2011, the holiday has gained a truly international reach. As part of a special plenary session of the UN General Assembly, it was possible to adopt a resolution that officially proclaimed April 12 the International Day of Human Space Flight. More than 60 countries have co-sponsored this resolution.



The hero of the film "Forrest Gump", sitting on a bench, philosophically notes that life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what's inside. Yuri Gagarin got a lucky ticket in this life lottery. He turned into a symbol, forever inscribing his name in history and becoming one of the most famous people of the XX century. Gagarin did not just become the first man to fly into space, he was able to return from there alive. In those years, he made a real feat. The first cosmonauts, like all the people who worked on the Soviet space program, perfectly understood all the possible risks of this first manned flight to the stars.

The most important thing is that he pulled the lucky ticket not so much for himself as for all of us. Gagarin did more for the cause of peace than many politicians before and after him. At the invitation of foreign governments and public organizations, Yuri Gagarin visited about 30 states. He met with presidents and monarchs, with politicians and businessmen, with simple workers and peasants and in any society received the warmest welcome. Even now, space continues to be a place in which the political differences of states are forgotten, and joint projects continue to be implemented. For example, Roscosmos and NASA are working on a joint “roadmap” of programs aimed at the future exploration of Mars.

But most of all, Yuri Gagarin did for our country. And although descendants are often ungrateful, nevertheless, even half a century after the famous flight, the Day of Cosmonautics in Russia remains one of the most beloved holidays that unite our entire multinational country. There are only two such holidays in Russia - Victory Day and Cosmonautics Day. And if the first of them is a holiday with tears in his eyes, then the second holiday, which opened new horizons to humanity, will always be only positive, personified with the smile of a simple Russian guy - the first Soviet cosmonaut, the first person who visited Yury Gagarin's space.
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  1. Kosta153
    Kosta153 April 12 2015 06: 31 New
    27
    Happy holiday, friends! And Happy Easter! Christ is Risen!
    1. Nick
      Nick April 12 2015 06: 59 New
      13
      Quote: Kosta153
      Happy holiday, friends! And Happy Easter! Christ is Risen!

      Truly Risen! And Happy Cosmonautics Day!
      1. ℳy ℒiƒℯ
        ℳy ℒiƒℯ April 12 2015 13: 49 New
        +8
        Happy holiday, friends! And Happy Easter! Christ is Risen
      2. noWAR
        noWAR April 12 2015 19: 38 New
        +7
        Quote: Nick
        Truly Risen! And Happy Cosmonautics Day!
        with double friends!
    2. 222222
      222222 April 12 2015 07: 40 New
      14
      All with Happy Easter, the Day of Aviation and Cosmonautics, and the 40th anniversary of the Day of Air Defense Forces !!!
      1. Serg 122
        Serg 122 April 12 2015 08: 46 New
        25
        All a Happy Holiday! Happy Cosmonautics Day! People in the photo forever glorified their homeland and their names hi hi hi
        1. SHILO
          SHILO April 12 2015 08: 59 New
          11
          Without your words ...

          LETTER TO WIFE BEFORE STARTING!

          “Hello, my dear, beloved Valechka, Helen and Tick!

          I decided to write a few lines for you to share with you and to share together the joy and happiness that fell to me today. Today, a government commission decided to send me into space first. You know, dear Valyusha, how glad I am, I want you to be happy with me too. An ordinary person was entrusted with such a big state task - to pave the first path into space!

          Can you dream of more?

          After all, this is history, this is a new era!

          In a day I have to start. You will go about your business at this time. A very big task fell on my shoulders. Before that, I would like to be with you a bit, talk with you. But, alas, you are far away. Nevertheless, I always feel you next to me.

          I fully believe in technology. She should not let you down. But it happens after all, that out of the blue a person falls and breaks his neck. Something could happen here too. But I myself do not believe in it yet. Well, if something happens, I ask you, and first of all, you, Valyusha, not to be killed with grief. After all, life is life, and no one is guaranteed that the car will not crush him tomorrow. Please take care of our girls, love them as I love. Please, grow out of them, not Belorussians, not Mama’s daughters, but real people, who would not be afraid of life’s bumps. Grow people worthy of a new society - communism. The state will help you with this. Well, arrange your personal life, as your conscience tells you, as you see fit. I do not impose any obligations on you and I have no right to do this. Something too mournful letter is obtained. I myself do not believe in it. I hope that you will never see this letter, and I will be ashamed of myself for this fleeting weakness. But if something happens, you must know everything to the end.



          So far I have lived honestly, truthfully, for the benefit of people, although it was small. Once, in childhood, I read the words of V.P. Chkalov: "If you are, then be the first." So I try to be and will be until the end. I want, Valechka, to devote this flight to the people of the new society, the communism that we are already entering, our great homeland, our science.

          I hope that in a few days we will be together again, we will be happy.

          Valya, please, do not forget my parents, if you can, then help in something. Give them my big regards, and let them forgive me for not knowing anything about it, and they were not supposed to know. Well, that seems to be all. Goodbye my family. I hug you tightly and kiss, with greetings, your dad and Jura.

          10.04.61 g. ".

          Valentina Ivanovna read this letter after her husband died in the 27 plane crash of March 1968.
          1. DRA-88
            DRA-88 April 12 2015 13: 56 New
            +5
            Quote: SHILO
            I hug you tightly and kiss, with greetings, your dad and Jura.

            10.04.61 g. ".

            Valentina Ivanovna read this letter after her husband died in the 27 plane crash of March 1968.

            HOLIDAY !!!
        2. Yuri from Volgograd
          Yuri from Volgograd April 12 2015 09: 04 New
          +6
          Dad called me in honor of Gagarin, and he has been my idol since childhood. At the same time, Korolev is no less worthy to be a symbol of this holiday. Also a great Man!
          All with a great Easter and a great holiday Cosmonautics Day!
        3. rodevaan
          rodevaan April 12 2015 12: 02 New
          +3
          - CHRIST IS RISEN! CONGRATULATIONS TO ALL OF US ON THE HOLIDAY OF THE HOLY EASTER!

          - 12TH OF APRIL! HAPPY COSMONAUTICS! CONGRATULATIONS TO ALL OF US AND OUR GREAT PEOPLE FOR FIRST TIME IN DEVELOPMENT OF SPACE, THAT OUR COUNTRY HAS PUT THE FIRST STONE IN THE SPACE EARTH OF THE EARTH!
          ---- Congratulations to America and our Western "friends" for losing the space race!

          - 12TH OF APRIL! I CONGRATULATE OUR PILOTS AND OUR AVIATION ON VICTORY IN THE AIR SPACE IN THE WAR IN KOREA in 1950-53!
          ---- Congratulations to America and all our Western "friends" on BLACK TUESDAY - the beginning of smearing on the wall of pin doss strategic bombers B-29 on April 12, 1952 in the skies of Korea!

          There is something to raise glasses, friends! drinks
          1. rodevaan
            rodevaan April 12 2015 12: 25 New
            0
            - I apologize - mixed up :)))!
            Of course "BLACK THURSDAY" APRIL 12, 1951)))))

            ("BLACK TUESDAY" came a little later for them - it was October 30, 1951)
        4. Lt. Air Force stock
          Lt. Air Force stock April 12 2015 13: 38 New
          0
          Quote: Serg 122
          All a Happy Holiday! Happy Cosmonautics Day! People in the photo forever glorified their homeland and their names

          Unfortunately, it is now unlikely that all of a sudden the news will report that the Russian cosmonauts landed on Mars, for example. As in the case of the first flight of Gagarin, no one knew anything or guessed, and suddenly the news, the first man went into outer space.
          1. rodevaan
            rodevaan April 12 2015 18: 12 New
            +1
            Quote: Lt. Air Force stock
            Quote: Serg 122
            All a Happy Holiday! Happy Cosmonautics Day! People in the photo forever glorified their homeland and their names

            Unfortunately, it is now unlikely that all of a sudden the news will report that the Russian cosmonauts landed on Mars, for example. As in the case of the first flight of Gagarin, no one knew anything or guessed, and suddenly the news, the first man went into outer space.


            - Nothing! Now we’re kind of going the right way! Pin day is hysterical. So it is likely that the first Russian man will set foot on Mars!
      2. DRA-88
        DRA-88 April 12 2015 15: 09 New
        +3
        Happy Cosmonautics Day !!!!
        Here is a daughter on the Internet found, asked to congratulate uncles from the site IN !!!
        1. DRA-88
          DRA-88 April 12 2015 15: 14 New
          +4
          Here is another beautiful clip.
    3. Siberian German
      Siberian German April 12 2015 09: 52 New
      +2
      Truly Risen! I really celebrate the second week of Easter - my mother-in-law says sly
    4. andrei.yandex
      andrei.yandex April 12 2015 11: 47 New
      +5
      God's slaves, you didn’t get a trial, here April 12 is Cosmonautics Day.
      1. atalef
        atalef April 12 2015 13: 41 New
        +6
        Quote: andrei.yandex
        God's slaves, you didn’t get a trial, here April 12 is Cosmonautics Day.

        All who served in the VKV, GUKOS, KIK, at NPCs and in the CDKS
        Happy Cosmonautics Day!
        NIP-16 - Evpatoria!
      2. DRA-88
        DRA-88 April 12 2015 14: 24 New
        +7
        Quote: andrei.yandex
        God's slaves, you didn’t get a trial, here April 12 is Cosmonautics Day.

    5. Alena Frolovna
      Alena Frolovna April 13 2015 02: 22 New
      +4
      Boris Mikhailovich Esin - the chief of the post office of cosmonauts and the keeper of the most touching letters in history to the great space explorers shared their contents.

      Glorious Yuri, who spoke with the stars.
      For reasons of my chronology beyond my control, I could not congratulate Christopher Columbus at one time. But now nothing can stop me from greeting the discoverer of space, and send brotherly greetings to him.

      Mario ferdman
      Buenos Aires, Republic of Argentina
      12 April 1961 city


      Dear Yuri Gagarin!
      We express our enthusiasm and great admiration for you and your people!
      Let me kiss you.
      Seven French Sisters:
      Jeanne, Katerina, Dominic, Paul, Brigitte, Grazilla, Bernadette

      12 April 1961 city
      Paris


      Dear Yuri.
      I was proud when the ship was launched into space. Now I am satisfied, because maybe I will fly to space too. I hope you are not very tired. I kiss you with all my might.

      8 years
      12 April 1961 city
  2. Hairy Siberian
    Hairy Siberian April 12 2015 06: 32 New
    29
    If the Cosmos says "It is necessary!"
    we must answer "Yes!"
    In space, guys
    there are no miracles without heroes!
    1. Kasym
      Kasym April 12 2015 06: 54 New
      17
      GO!!! HAPPY EVERYONE !!! What a triumph of SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY of the USSR on that day! No doubt about the status of our country!
      1. Kos_kalinki9
        Kos_kalinki9 April 12 2015 10: 03 New
        11
        And what joyful faces people had on that day.
        1. Aleksandr72
          Aleksandr72 April 12 2015 10: 43 New
          +8
          Something like this!
        2. Boa kaa
          Boa kaa April 12 2015 11: 03 New
          +8
          Quote: Kos_kalinki9
          what joyful faces people had on that day.

          On April 12, 1961, I met in Pskov, the ancient Russian warrior city. I will never forget how silence exploded after a government message!
          People ran out into the street, hugging, kissing, shouting "Hurray! WE ARE IN SPACE!" Music immediately appeared, tables were immediately laid in the yard. Everyone carried what he had, they did not regret anything ...
          It was our common, national victory! Everyone felt their involvement in the great cause of the Great Country! Everyone believed that we are invincible and stronger than ever! Everyone was happy with the general happiness of a great achievement, although it was difficult to live and clothes were tight, etc.
          Then my mother told me that they only rejoiced so much on Victory Day over Nazi Germany ...
          This is probably true: both then, in May 45, and in April 61, our people accomplished a historic feat!
          For our people, hard worker, warrior, pioneer of the universe!
          Happy Cosmonautics Day, colleagues! Well, and those who remember how it was April 12, 1961 - with unique moments of our common happiness and sincere joy, pride for the country, its people, scientists, the first cosmonaut of the planet - Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin!
        3. Lt. Air Force stock
          Lt. Air Force stock April 12 2015 13: 40 New
          +3
          Quote: Kos_kalinki9
          And what joyful faces people had on that day.

          This was a surprise for citizens of both the USSR and the whole world. Then it was believed that further the Moon, Mars, and possibly interstellar flights by the year 2000. There is no longer the spirit of adventurism in space programs, only dry pragmatism.
      2. Talgat
        Talgat April 12 2015 11: 19 New
        +5
        The USSR became a leader not only in space exploration, but also almost overcame the negative factors of the harsh climate and remoteness from the oceans, a distance that seemed to "doom us all to poverty compared to the West, and during its heyday it almost approached Europe in terms of living standards, despite the fact that the West, like a vampire, sucked the juices from all over the world, and the USSR developed at the expense of internal resources.

        At the same time, the USSR gave hope to everyone in the world that there are more equitable options for organizing society, showing that centuries-old dreams of equality and brotherhood are quite feasible. And until now, the social justice of the Soviet Union has not perished - it has become an example and still lives on half the planet in one form or another - these are China and Belarus, and Latin America where such legendary leaders as Castro, Chavez, Evo Morales, Ortega, others picked up the banner, one can say - Christina Kirchner and Rousseff are drawn to them, and even Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan in some form preserve a great heritage, elements of socialism live in the Russian Federation and in the KZ

        The USSR did not die completely, it lives in the hearts of people throughout the former union, and the most paradoxical, new generation that did not live with the Union begins to understand it and be inspired by its ideas (I met young Tajiks and Kyrgyz people recently, employees of foreign companies, English-speaking - we all said Soviet people)
        EAEU will definitely move towards the USSR in terms of social justice and national and property equality

        And one of the main symbols of all this Gagarin and his first flight!
  3. s.melioxin
    s.melioxin April 12 2015 06: 35 New
    14
    ... celebrate April 12th as World Aviation and Space Day.
    Happy Holidays Dear forum users.
  4. Don Cesar
    Don Cesar April 12 2015 06: 36 New
    +5
    truly risen !!!
  5. Bort radist
    Bort radist April 12 2015 06: 37 New
    16
    How much joy there was on the street - "Ours is in Space! Yura !!!"
    With a holiday that cannot be changed. We are first!
    To click.
    1. sergey72
      sergey72 April 12 2015 06: 45 New
      27
      Happy holiday to all involved!
      1. Hagakure
        Hagakure April 12 2015 08: 57 New
        +8
        This photo shocked me at the time ... now I see positive dynamics, although not everything is as I would like ... The road will be overpowered by a walking one !!!
        1. Yuri from Volgograd
          Yuri from Volgograd April 12 2015 09: 07 New
          +2
          Here for vandalism on the ears would. The text is correct, but not on the saint!
          1. Alex
            Alex April 12 2015 09: 31 New
            +3
            Quote: Yuri Stupin
            Here for vandalism on the ears would. The text is correct, but not on the saint!

            And not with that expression - I don’t think Gagarin would like it ...
          2. sergey72
            sergey72 April 12 2015 09: 47 New
            +7
            Quote: Yuri Stupin
            Here for vandalism on the ears would. The text is correct, but not on the saint!

            Please, you can do this:
          3. Hagakure
            Hagakure April 13 2015 01: 11 New
            0
            This is a cry from the soul !!! what vandalism is it.
        2. Bort radist
          Bort radist April 12 2015 09: 33 New
          +1
          Quote: Hagakure
          This photo shocked me at the time ... now I see positive dynamics, although not everything is as I would like ... The road will be overpowered by a walking one !!!

          You may be everything, and we will fight to the last.
        3. sergey72
          sergey72 April 12 2015 09: 45 New
          +5
          Quote: Hagakure
          This photo shocked me once ..

          This is where it started ...
        4. Passerby2
          Passerby2 April 12 2015 21: 52 New
          0
          The sculptor's hands to tear off - his head on a tray - it had to be thought out. And the inscription is correct.
  6. Aleksandr78
    Aleksandr78 April 12 2015 06: 38 New
    +7
    Remember and proud! With the holidays of all forum users.
  7. The comment was deleted.
  8. s.melioxin
    s.melioxin April 12 2015 06: 40 New
    14
    On April 12 this year, several holidays and memorable dates of various statuses fall at once.
    Dear participants of the Military Review! Congratulations to all on the Holy Resurrection of Christ! Peace and prosperity to all of us, health and happiness to all our family and friends! May God's mercy be with us now, and ever, forever and ever!
    1. Hairy Siberian
      Hairy Siberian April 12 2015 07: 01 New
      +8
      “Kindness, love, miracles!”
      White tablecloth, candle,
      The aroma of Easter cake
      It pours into the glasses of Cahors.
      To drink a little is an agreement.
      Egg color
      And smiles of bright faces.
      Happy Holidays!
      Christ is Risen!
      Kindness, love, miracles!
  9. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 April 12 2015 06: 42 New
    +9
    In Soviet times, in rocket science and space exploration, as well as ballet, they were ahead of the rest. And now we’re not far behind. Let's hope that we will again become leaders in space exploration.
    All a happy double!
    1. Hagakure
      Hagakure April 12 2015 09: 02 New
      +1
      We will be !!! Should !!!
    2. KSLip
      KSLip April 12 2015 09: 03 New
      +3
      Quote: rotmistr60
      In Soviet times, in rocket science and space exploration, as well as ballet, they were ahead of the rest. And now we’re not far behind. Let's hope that we will again become leaders in space exploration.
      1. Yuri from Volgograd
        Yuri from Volgograd April 12 2015 09: 15 New
        +4
        Armstrong was a great guy!
        By the way, when he pushed an official speech after a lunar journey, he across the decrees with the warmest words recalled Soviet cosmonauts, both living and dead. They sawed him for a long time.
        Do not dare to slander Armstrong more.
        Less to you.
        1. rotmistr60
          rotmistr60 April 12 2015 09: 22 New
          +3
          Do not dare to slander Armstrong more.


          It touched me. Such a love for the American astronaut.
          And who denigrates him? You would rather admire the Soviet cosmonauts who were the first. Gagarin - the first in space, Leonov - the first went into space, Tereshkova - the first female astronaut, etc. But the Americans admire Armstrong and they have the right to it. So, that Jura should first think about his heroes, and then about ...
          1. Yuri from Volgograd
            Yuri from Volgograd April 12 2015 13: 16 New
            +1
            Do you judge people by business or by passport?
            I am glad that you read about our astronauts, but I recommend not to consider everyone who is originally from an enemy country.

            And do not take the right to say whether I thought about my Heroes or not. About astronauts I know more than average, not the fact that less than you.
          2. rotmistr60
            rotmistr60 April 13 2015 00: 49 New
            -1
            Quote: Yuri Stupin
            Glad you read about our astronauts


            Dear, all these events took place before my eyes. I already went to school when Gagarin flew. But you obviously read, but for some reason more about American astronauts.
            1. Yuri from Volgograd
              Yuri from Volgograd April 13 2015 11: 26 New
              0
              Where did you get what I read more, what less?
              I am sure that I know about ours no less than yours and Yuri Alekseevich my idol since childhood. I got a name in his honor (Dad was a pilot).
              At the same time, you just think that since ours is all right, but if he is an American, then he is an enemy and it does not matter what he says and does. Everything is simple, you do not determine everything by business, but by registration. A kind of nationalist with a similar thinking to the Nazis.

              A test question, why is Armstrong not worthy of respect, what did he personally do and say the post of the USSR in spite of everything?
              I hope you are not idle talk and there is a fact, and not just stupid hatred.
        2. KSLip
          KSLip April 12 2015 09: 29 New
          +6
          Quote: Yuri Stupin
          Armstrong was a great guy!
          By the way, when he pushed an official speech after a lunar journey, he across the decrees with the warmest words recalled Soviet cosmonauts, both living and dead. They sawed him for a long time.
          Do not dare to slander Armstrong more.
          Less to you.

          yes to me like that on Armstrong ... here is Gagarin first. and whether Armstrong was on the moon or not, it still needs to be figured out. but if the lunar message offends someone from the "politically correct" then so?
          1. erg
            erg April 12 2015 12: 54 New
            +3
            Yes, here I read some comments and understand that in the days of the USSR we were better. We did not have this incomprehensible hatred in us, the desire to unjustly insult, etc. We did not like the ruling circles in Western countries, their military, as they said then, but the peoples of these countries and the Americans in particular, were treated kindly without malice. Why Armstrong didn’t please you that he earned the nickname goof. By the way, he flew into space before the moon. For me, the same hero of space, like our guys, especially considering the technique on which we and they flew. Indeed, in fact, tin cans, with almost no opportunity to escape in the event of an accident. You may not recall their astronauts, but why offend. So, sorry, but the sucker is you.
        3. northern
          northern April 12 2015 10: 02 New
          +5
          USSR flag that flew to the moon in the cockpit of the "Eagle"
        4. Erg
          Erg April 12 2015 12: 56 New
          +1
          Let’s not weave this Amer’s lie on such a bright date for all our people. USSR-Russia ALWAYS AND IN ALL Outer Space was the first !!!
        5. Seawolf
          Seawolf April 12 2015 16: 18 New
          +1
          On the moon, not only the US flag was hoisted.
          But also the flag of the USSR.

          (I can not vouch for the veracity of the information.)
          1. Erg
            Erg April 12 2015 21: 43 New
            +1
            But not human. Why did we need to send "Lunokhod-1" (with primitive research equipment), if a year earlier the Americans had allegedly "cut across the moon on a rover"? I have already written - no university in the world studies materials on "American flights to the moon." There is nothing to learn. Who will object? hi
            1. Seawolf
              Seawolf April 13 2015 07: 42 New
              +1
              Lunakhod - 1 was on the moon before the Americans landed on it.
              And at that time the equipment was the most advanced and best.
              1. Erg
                Erg April 13 2015 09: 20 New
                0
                belay Apollo 11 July 1969. Lunokhod 1 November 1970. Applying the term "primitive" I referred to the fact that the year before that the Americans, supposedly flying to the moon, "had" undoubtedly great capabilities. Isn't it logical? In fact, at that time (however, as always), ours were a decade ahead of the Americans. And the equipment that was delivered to the Luna-17 satellite, i.e. the lunar rover was the most advanced. hi
            2. erg
              erg April 16 2015 17: 40 New
              0
              And Baumansky is being studied. After school, I studied at Bauman University for two years. Faculty of Special Engineering, Department M1 - Missile launchers, blocks of orbital stations, large-sized structures deployed in outer space. I saw a lot of materials on American space programs in the university’s libraries, including the lunar program. Materials of both technical and journalistic nature. It is clear that I could only read journalism (for two years I clearly did not have enough knowledge to understand the serious technical literature) written by our scientists. There were no materials refuting the flight of the Americans to the moon. But the refutation of the theory that they did not fly to the moon was. What do you think, why did technical materials on the lunar program lie in a technical university, in a special library (as the students called it among themselves)? Not for beauty?
        6. Erg
          Erg April 13 2015 09: 46 New
          0
          Armstrong is a victim of the situation. In my opinion, it is very difficult to live life, constantly playing the role ... Well, those who did not want to take part in this performance ended badly. Bright memory to them ...
    3. Seawolf
      Seawolf April 12 2015 16: 16 New
      0
      American heavy missiles cannot take off without our engines.
      We are developing a new orbital station, and the Americans are asking us to extend cooperation with them on the ISS.
      1. Erg
        Erg April 13 2015 20: 15 New
        0
        They are generally losers and weaklings. We only need to breathe in what the Fathers and Grandfathers have invested in us! We just have to not lose! And multiply! Can't you feel anything inside yourself? ..
  10. Vityok
    Vityok April 12 2015 06: 45 New
    +6
    HAPPY COSMONAUTICS! love
  11. 0000
    0000 April 12 2015 06: 46 New
    12
    He said: "Let's go!"
    He waved his hand.
    As if along St. Petersburg,
    Petersburg
    Rushed over the Earth ...
  12. shishakova
    shishakova April 12 2015 06: 56 New
    +5
    They say that day
    when you flew into space
    everything was at once -
    the sun, snow and thunder boomed.
    The face of a cheerful kid will always remain for us
    a symbol of courage and smile.
    Bold, unusually modest,
    you first conquered Cosmos.
    Leaving the earth, you look from space to the world,
    and stay forever in the hearts of the living
    in babbling streams, starry sky,
    bright sun and flowers
    with your smile on your lips.
  13. Maestro
    Maestro April 12 2015 07: 01 New
    18
    Today is the Day of Triumph of Soviet Scientific Thought and Human Courage !!! Happy Holiday !!!
  14. Kos_kalinki9
    Kos_kalinki9 April 12 2015 07: 18 New
    18
    Happy Cosmonautics Day! Recall the golden childhood.
  15. foma2028
    foma2028 April 12 2015 08: 06 New
    +7
    I read these lines in the last book of ML Gallay "I thought: this is forgotten long ago."
    Of course, many have already read them, but I read them for the first time.

    Who said: the first is Gagarin?
    This question in the stellar years of our cosmonautics worried many. In the very
    business: how, for what reasons, why from the group that received
    hereinafter referred to as the “avant-garde Gagarin six”, was chosen
    the one who flew into space first?
    Before me lies the “Act on the results of exams conducted with
    listeners-astronauts of the Air Force Cosmonaut Training Center ", dated
    18 January 1961 years and approved by the Commander-in-Chief of the Air Force
    forces of the country Chief Air Marshal K.A. Vershinin a week later.
    The examining committee consisted of ten people. Headed her
    General N. Kamanin.
    There was one point in the act, which I will quote in full: “The Commission
    tentatively recommended next order of examiners
    listeners for the first space flight: 1. Art. Lieutenant Gagarin Yu.A.
    2. Art. Lieutenant G. Titov 3. Art. Lieutenant Nelyubov G.G. 4. Captain
    Nikolaev A.G. 5. Captain Bykovsky V.F. 6. Captain Popovich P.R. ”
    As far as I know, this was the first official document in which
    it was recommended such a sequence of flights "avant-garde
    sixes. " Of course, the final decision was made by the Government
    commission to launch the ship, and even then not without “consultation” with the party Central Committee.
    And yet, I soon became convinced that it was Gagarin’s choice that
    called "ten." I do not mean even the flight itself, but
    subsequent post-flight activity and behavior of Gagarin, not
    broken, not even bent under the weight fell on him -
    yesterday's senior lieutenant from the provincial air garrison -
    world fame. He attracted the hearts of people with his benevolent
    smile, modesty, contact, all his very "folk"
    appearance, even a tendency to sometimes play a little simpleton
    (although in reality there was no simpleton, but by nature smart
    a man who absorbs everything like a sponge). If speak about
    propaganda effect of the first manned flight into space, then the person
    Gagarin contributed to this, like no other. Just such
    the space pioneer had to be presented to humanity.
    The first official recommendation, as they say, with signatures and seals:
    “Gagarin is the first,” our examination committee issued.

    (printed in abbreviation)
  16. mamont5
    mamont5 April 12 2015 08: 30 New
    +7
    Happy Cosmonautics Day! fellow
  17. dmit-xnumx
    dmit-xnumx April 12 2015 08: 39 New
    +6
    And Christ is Risen! And Cosmos is ours! And our air defense was born! Wow, how many toast toasts today!
    All a Happy Holiday!
  18. avt
    avt April 12 2015 08: 42 New
    +7
    Cosmonautics Day second after Victory! All a Happy Holiday!
  19. Nina Czerny
    Nina Czerny April 12 2015 08: 47 New
    13
    I remember what delight I experienced when I learned about Gagarin's flight, although I was 6 years old. My aunt was leading me out of kindergarten, and from all the open windows there were words of flight. What pride was in the country and the Soviet people! Only once again did I experience the same feelings when Crimea returned to Russia. 16 years after a terrible war that claimed 27 million lives of Soviet people and trillions due to devastation, the USSR was the first to launch a satellite into space and the first man! And everyone is drumming into us about the "inefficiency" of the socialist economy! What are the successes of the capitalist over the past 25 years? None, except for the appearance of 5% of the population, who have 70% of the country's wealth.
  20. MarKon
    MarKon April 12 2015 08: 48 New
    +5
    I was born exactly two weeks before this date! When I was asked (I was 3-5 years old) who will you be? I answered - an astronaut
  21. Egoza
    Egoza April 12 2015 08: 48 New
    +6
    On this glorious day of the SOVIET cosmonautics, I would like to congratulate all the Soviet cosmonauts and recall those who are no longer with us.
    Pavel Romanovich Popovich is the first Ukrainian cosmonaut, and the fourth in the glorious cohort of cosmonauts. They try not to remember this. I'm afraid that under the current "laws" the monument that stands in the town of Uzin, Kiev region, will be removed ...
    1. jaroff
      jaroff April 12 2015 09: 21 New
      +2
      On the contrary! Korolev was born in Zhytomyr. There is a house museum. Korolev studied in Odessa and Kiev. Missiles were made in Dnepropetrovsk. So today we can hear that Ukraine is the birthplace of world cosmonautics.
    2. Alex
      Alex April 12 2015 09: 38 New
      +8
      And so Zhk Georgy Timofeevich Beregovoi - twice Hero of the Soviet Union (the only one who was awarded the first star of the Hero for the Great Patriotic War, and the second - for the flight into space). This is really REAL UKRAINIAN COSMONAUTS, not a tourist Kadeniuk.
      1. family tree
        family tree April 12 2015 12: 44 New
        +1
        Quote: Alex
        Georgiy Timofeevich Beregovoy

        Yes, in general, LEGEND! 186 sorties, and on what! On the IL-2! And then also into space.
        And these fool Bandera, Shukhevych, the generation of psaki, in short.
        1. Alex
          Alex April 12 2015 21: 31 New
          +4
          To be honest, for me the entire first cosmonaut squad is HEROES without any reservations. To fly into the unknown on a military missile (for which the P-7 was created - it is known), without guarantees of return, each time doing something for the first time in the history of mankind - I can’t even imagine what nerves should be (or not have at all) . And how to be sure of the talent of designers, the calculations of scientists and the skill of workers. And how it was necessary to correspond to all this. Verily, no one could defeat these people.
          1. family tree
            family tree April 13 2015 01: 44 New
            +1
            Quote: Alex
            Fly into the unknown on a military missile (for which the R-7 was created - it is known), without guarantees of return,

            There are no guarantees, there is hope, I understand them, in principle, what difference does it make you crash from 15 meters, or more, the result is one, we have more electricians, insurances and restrictions, though these guys are without any insurance request , Duc, if you start literally observing the rules, God forbid, by the end of the working day you will go up laughing Hope dies last.
            And Timofeych, along the way, after IL-2, yes, it’s easy winked , the duck also survived the shooting of the motorcade, not, man delightful, both stars earned honestly.
            1. Alex
              Alex April 13 2015 21: 42 New
              +3
              Quote: perepilka
              But Timofeych, along the way, after IL-2, it’s easy, the duck also survived the shooting on the motorcade, no, the man is delightful, he earned both stars fairly.

              By the way, it was Georgy Timofeevich who at one time helped Yanukovych remove his conviction, believed in a person when everyone turned away from him.
  22. Nikita Gromov
    Nikita Gromov April 12 2015 08: 57 New
    +3
    Astronauts and dreamers say,
    That apple trees will bloom on Mars ...
    Happy Cosmonautics, dear comrades!
    This is also a great Victory Day of our people!
    1. Samarin
      Samarin April 12 2015 13: 23 New
      0
      Quote: Nikita Gromov
      That apple trees will bloom on Mars ...

      "... It's a pity only to live in this wonderful time, neither I nor you ..."
      N.A. Nekrasov
  23. Aleksandr72
    Aleksandr72 April 12 2015 08: 58 New
    +9
    Nevertheless, we were the first in space: first the world's first artificial Earth satellite in 1957, then the flight of Gagarin Yuri Alekseevich. This is our undeniable priority. Happy Cosmonautics Day everyone! I suggest for this ...
    1. Passerby2
      Passerby2 April 12 2015 21: 57 New
      +2
      Exactly what they were ... And now only the advertisement of moonshine has remained.
  24. Hagakure
    Hagakure April 12 2015 09: 00 New
    +5
    What a wonderful layering and the Bright Resurrection of Christ and Cosmonautics Day, with the holiday Orthodox and Russians! Christ is Risen !!!!!!!!
  25. anton197103
    anton197103 April 12 2015 09: 16 New
    +2
    All with Cosmonautics Day, International Aviation Day and the day of creation of the air defense forces.
    Happy Easter for Christ! soldier
  26. Pavel_J
    Pavel_J April 12 2015 09: 25 New
    +2
    Truly, let's go!
    1. foma2028
      foma2028 April 12 2015 11: 05 New
      0
      Yuri Gagarin in defense of the demolished Arc de Triomphe and the Cathedral of Christ the Savior (from a speech at the plenum of the Komsomol Central Committee in December 1965)
      http://reportage.su/audio/3239
    2. Seawolf
      Seawolf April 12 2015 16: 11 New
      0
      By the way, pay attention to the name of the magazine.
      When the portrait of Putin was published, the inscription was behind him.
      But basically, usually the name is written directly on the forehead.

      Respect ours.

      Glory and Eternal memory to Yu. Gagarin.
  27. fomkin
    fomkin April 12 2015 09: 26 New
    +2
    This is a landmark event. I have nothing to do with space, but I perceive this date as mine. Most of the astronauts left our midst. We graduated from the same schools. I am very proud of that period of our history. My sincere congratulations to everyone who ensures the development of our space program. I wish you another breakthrough.
  28. Alex
    Alex April 12 2015 09: 27 New
    +7
    ... the holiday that opened up new horizons for humanity will always be only positive, personified with the smile of a simple Russian guy - the first Soviet cosmonaut, the first person to visit Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin in space.
    I absolutely agree - the famous smile of Yuri Gagarin will forever remain the visiting card of Mankind in space.

    Eternal glory and eternal memory to the first astronaut of the Earth!
  29. parusnik
    parusnik April 12 2015 09: 35 New
    +1
    Cosmonautics Day should become state, like Victory Day! The first flew into space, the first left into it ... Happy holiday!
  30. Bort radist
    Bort radist April 12 2015 09: 39 New
    +3
    How naturally greatness and simplicity were combined in it. Nothing human was alien to him.
    1. Aleksandr72
      Aleksandr72 April 12 2015 10: 34 New
      +2
      Stumbled upon a photo:
      Yu.A. Gagarin with his daughter Galya on a bike ride
      1. Seawolf
        Seawolf April 12 2015 16: 09 New
        0
        Such a great and busy man found time for his family.
        Not like now, it would be more likely to go to the TV or to classmates.

        Glory and Eternal memory to Gagarin!
  31. Denis Skiff M2.0
    Denis Skiff M2.0 April 12 2015 09: 54 New
    +4
    They told us about Gagarin in the kindergarten. Yu.A. About how he became the first about how he died! They presented a book to his brother for his birthday, in it the children listened to Gagarin’s instructions about what to do in order to become an astronaut like Him!
    Happy Holiday! Hooray!
  32. Kos_kalinki9
    Kos_kalinki9 April 12 2015 09: 56 New
    12
    Let's remember on this day these heroines who opened the way to space for man.
  33. northern
    northern April 12 2015 10: 03 New
    +1
    Impossibly much has been done for the country by these people, thank you.
  34. 1536
    1536 April 12 2015 10: 07 New
    +3
    Mastering Space - Do God-pleasing Deed!
  35. YohanPalych
    YohanPalych April 12 2015 10: 13 New
    +2
    Congratulations to all on a holiday !!!
    On this day you can relax a bit ...
  36. Kassik
    Kassik April 12 2015 10: 36 New
    +2
    Happy holiday, friends! Happy Cosmonautics Day !!! Hooray! fellow good
  37. tetatus
    tetatus April 12 2015 10: 58 New
    -3
    The flight of the Russian Man, Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin into space, is one of the most important holidays for Russia. and the Sunday of the Jewish prophet, whose history clearly resembles a mine of pasta from the Egyptian god of the sun, is a secondary holiday. so Happy Cosmonautics Day Russia !!! good
  38. Obie
    Obie April 12 2015 11: 37 New
    +1
    For Gagarin! And for the motherland! To the dregs !
  39. Hope1960
    Hope1960 April 12 2015 11: 54 New
    +1
    Faith made people strong in spirit, helped to stand up against the fascist reptile! Faith in our hearts helped our astronauts, mothers and wives prayed for them! With the faith and help of the Blessed Virgin Mary, which especially cares for Russia, we will stand against the West! You see how Ukraine sold its soul to the devil. Until his Sergius of Radonezh appears there, there will be no victory. All with the Day of Cosmonautics! Happy Easter! Happy Russian Air Defense Day!
  40. Eastern wind
    Eastern wind April 12 2015 12: 58 New
    +2
    Happy Easter! Happy Cosmonautics Day! And who pulled me into the net to climb this bright day, but alas ... I can not share the poor catch. How now to treat such people? This is Satanism of some kind.
    1. Seawolf
      Seawolf April 12 2015 16: 07 New
      +1
      Everyone desires the other, what he desires for himself.
      But these "Easter" grenades will return to them.
    2. EGOrkka
      EGOrkka April 12 2015 21: 23 New
      0
      .... and in ruin!
  41. Mordvin 3
    Mordvin 3 April 12 2015 13: 12 New
    +2
    Arms [TP-82 pistol] just returned from the heading. He laughed. It turns out around Leonov a crowd of bears roamed around in the Urals. In winter ... bully Go? drinks
  42. 16112014nk
    16112014nk April 12 2015 13: 43 New
    +2
    Quote: Nina Czerny
    I remember what delight I experienced when I learned about Gagarin's flight, although I was 6 years old. My aunt was leading me out of kindergarten, and from all the open windows there were words of flight. What pride was in the country and the Soviet people! Only once again did I experience the same feelings when Crimea returned to Russia. 16 years after a terrible war that claimed 27 million lives of Soviet people and trillions due to devastation, the USSR was the first to launch a satellite into space and the first man! And everyone is drumming into us about the "inefficiency" of the socialist economy! What are the successes of the capitalist over the past 25 years? None, except for the appearance of 5% of the population, who have 70% of the country's wealth.

    "The rich, like a pig, do not like to lift their heads to look up. They are only interested in money!
    Yes, yes! - picked up Memega. - The rich say: "Stars are not money, you can't put them in your pocket and you can't cook porridge out of them." See what ignorance! For them, only what can be eaten or hidden in a pocket is of value.
    The rich saturate their vanity. Everyone, you know, wants to show that he is better than others, and since our intellect, kindness, honesty are not valued in anything, we boast of each other only wealth. And then there is no limit. Vanity is such a thing: you cannot saturate it with anything.
    N. Nosov "Dunno on the Moon"
    And in Murmansk on April 12, 2015 the planetarium was closed. The reason is no visitors. Here is the result of an anti-people government. negative
    Nevertheless, I congratulate everyone on Cosmonautics Day!
  43. Pictures
    Pictures April 12 2015 14: 10 New
    -6
    How symbolic. Progressive humanity today has Cosmonautics Day, and bourgeois Russia has official obscurantism day, a stupid religious holiday. Sorry, Yura, we're all about ** ali.
    1. Igarr
      Igarr April 12 2015 16: 33 New
      0
      Take a look at the calendar ... a particle of light.
      Who likes pop, who likes popovska’s daughter.
      You, somehow, have clearly beguiled.
  44. Prager
    Prager April 12 2015 14: 34 New
    -6
    WE are the first in space once. now we don’t know which space program we need - manned or not. we are all about ** ali.
  45. Igarr
    Igarr April 12 2015 15: 01 New
    0
    Great day, great holiday - for the citizens of the Soviet Union, for Russia, for all mankind.
    I liked the article very much - "... Yuri Gagarin had to give answers to the simplest questions, for example, is it possible to use food in zero gravity ..."
    Guys, we just snickered.
    Now we know that at that time the astronauts were tested in both the sign language, and the bar, and in another chamber. They turned on centrifuges, like DNA.
    At that time, there were test data on stratospheric manned flights. Including in zero gravity.
    And here - how the human body will react to the real cosmos, the mundane ... no one knew.
    Dogs ... cats ... dolls ... that's good, of course.
    Only now, not a single dog has ever piloted a burning fighter, say. Jet plane caught in a tailspin. I could not comment on the take-off on a liquid rocket.
    .
    But, nobody at that time, NOBODY ... could say - but a sip of water would crawl into his throat. Or will it stay in the nose?
    You can glance in space ... or you will be carried away to Jupiter (I exaggerate, of course).
    But if the intestines will be empty easily?
    .
    My childhood. It is time for the great achievements of the Soviet Union, my homeland.
    When humanity was on the shoulder, at least - to the seeker of Truth.
    Not a point ....
    ....
    May God give our Motherland happiness and success on the day when Easter coincided with Cosmonautics Day!
    And in the future.
    Do not defeat Russia.
    Do not win.
  46. Seawolf
    Seawolf April 12 2015 16: 04 New
    +1
    The coincidence of the two holidays, so significant for Russia, is not casual.
    Happy Cosmonautics Day and Happy Easter!
  47. Igarr
    Igarr April 12 2015 16: 20 New
    +1
    I could not help but return again to the topic.
    Suddenly I thought ...
    Well, the ancient artifacts of the presence of aliens everyone probably saw and know.
    von Deniken who watched, who remembers so ... his films.
    ....
    And me, literally today ... pushed -
    two thousand years of Christianity - this is believed. Good.
    one and a half thousand to Islam - so it is considered. Good.
    Hinduism, Buddhism, Shintoism, Vichism, .. Tantrism (hee hee .. this is not a religion) - only adherents of faith will understand.
    counting the individual gods of paganism - I will not, okay?
    M, let's count - communism .... also, a kind of faith. So no?
    .
    So, what I want to say is that under communism, MAN first entered SPACE. Per 50-round the years of the predominance of communist ideology.
    Protestants (States) - went to the same result - 200 years. Late. Not that godless. But - LATE!
    .
    We will correlate .... reference points?
    If everything is in the hand of God?
    Or not?
    1. Seawolf
      Seawolf April 12 2015 16: 28 New
      +1
      Examples of Slavic records (in 2014 from the Birth of Christ).
      Summer 7522 from Creation in the Star Temple (5508 to the Birth of Christ)
      Summer 13022 from the Great Cold (Great Cooling).
      40018 Summer from the Third Arrival of Whiteman Perun.
      44558 Summer from the Creation of the Great Kolo Russenia.
      106792 summer from the Founding of Asgard of Iria (from 9 Taylet).
      111820 summer from the Great Migration from Daariya.
      Summer 143004 from the Three Moon Period.
      Summer 153380 from Assa Dei.
      165044 Summer from Tara Time.
      185780 Summer from Tula Time.
      211700 Summer from Time of Swag.
      Summer 273908 from Time h'Arra.
      460532 Summer from the Time of the Gift.
      Summer 604388 from the Time of Three Suns.

      Based on this, it turns out Russian paganism is the oldest religion.
      1. Igarr
        Igarr April 12 2015 16: 36 New
        0
        Duc .... damn it.
        If you take the starting point ... the collapse of the Daari’s expedition - .. what is there to say next?
        .
        I started from traditional history.
        On Petukhov, Alekseev, oh .... how many more there ... did not refer. For .... the head is spinning.
        .
        .
        It remains only to read - Gordon Dixie, "Wild Wolf".
        1. Seawolf
          Seawolf April 12 2015 16: 49 New
          -1
          Quote: Igarr
          Summer 7522 from Creation in the Star Temple (5508 to the Birth of Christ)


          Previously, nothing can be.
  48. hoshinokoe
    hoshinokoe April 12 2015 18: 01 New
    +1
    Thank you Jura, our space!
  49. Lawyer
    Lawyer April 12 2015 19: 14 New
    0
    Quote: andrei.yandex
    God's slaves, you didn’t get a trial, here April 12 is Cosmonautics Day.


    Cosmonaut A Leonov recalls:

    “At one of the receptions in the St. George Hall dedicated to Gagarin’s flight, Khrushchev asked Yura if he had seen God in space. He, having noticed that Khrushchev asked in jest, take yes and answer: “I saw”. Khrushchev became serious and said: “Don't tell anyone about this.” Everything is much more complicated. I knew Yuri well and I can say that he was never an atheist. After all, he was baptized (by the way, like me), but with the then comprehensive control by the party it was practically impossible to believe openly. Nevertheless, many of us had enough mind and soul to feel that there was something “there”.
  50. Varyag71
    Varyag71 April 12 2015 19: 24 New
    +1
    Cosmonautics Day, such a great holiday. For the whole day, I personally have not heard congratulations, but on TV there are only churches ...