Military Review

Empty "cottage". A word about the most unsuccessful operation of the US Marine Corps

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Empty "cottage". A word about the most unsuccessful operation of the US Marine CorpsI will tell you today about one, if I may say so, battle that took place in the cold summer of 1943 in the equally cold waters of the Aleutian Sea.

As many subscribers of military-related Internet communities and just lovers stories already guessed, the discussion will deal with the operation “Cottage”, the result of which was the Pyrrhic victory of the American and Canadian marines over .... for several days the non-existing Japanese garrison of Kyska Island in the Aleutian Archipelago. This episode on the Web is so famous that it has become almost the main argument for everyone who considers the US military, politically correct, to be unfit.

So what happened in Kysk?

So, everything in order - let's start by tradition with prehistory. 7 June 1942, the Japanese troops successfully occupied two previously owned US, Aleutian Islands — Kysk and Attu (the landing operation was successful due to the actual absence of American garrisons on the aforementioned islands). Almost a year later, after the victory at Midway, the Americans began the struggle to regain control of the Aleuts. There was also a heroic, but senseless sacrifice of the Japanese garrison of Father Attu, who had fallen completely, and the mysterious "ghost battle," which was caused by shelling by American ships ... optical illusions in the fog, but we would be interested in the landing operation aimed at releasing Kyski.

The Japanese garrison of the island, according to fairly accurate data from American intelligence, was 10 000 fighters. From May to August, the Japanese lost around 2 500 people during shelling and bombardment of Kys. Mindful of the bloody assault on Attu, the US command prepared 100 warships and landing craft, and 35 thousands of marines (30 000 from the USCM Canadians, and 5 000 Canadians) for operation. Since July 29, the US 11 Air Force bombers literally plowed the positions of Japanese troops with bombs (as we will soon know, this was done in vain and not a single bomb hit the enemy's manpower) ...

In the meantime, Admiral T. Kickneyd at midnight on August 15 announced to his subordinate troops the beginning of Operation Cottage. About four in the morning after a short aviation In preparation for the advance detachment of the United States Marine Corps, numbered 270 fighters who passed Guadalcanal and survived on Atta, took control of a section of the Kiski coast suitable for landing. By seven in the morning, about one and a half thousand Americans had already landed on the island, which met the Marines very hospitably, without a single shot. A day later, somewhat to the north, a Canadian landing group appeared in Kysk.

The radio contact between the two assault formations and the grouping of warships was not initially set due to the serious interference caused by the very unusual relief of the coast of the island. On August 17, the paratroopers advanced deep into the island 5-7 kilometers, but did not meet any resistance. However, this did not surprise veterans of the battle for Atta, who remembered the sudden counterattack of the Japanese military on the already "exhaled" American marines. However, already in the middle of the day 17 of August the first landing forces suffered losses — on two land mines when inspecting an empty Japanese bunker 34 marines were blown up, for nine of them the explosions became fatal.

The Canadians, who were a kilometer away, did not understand the situation, opened fire on the area of ​​the explosions and, as a response from similarly stupid American colleagues, received long queues from Thomson that killed the 5 Canadians. Meanwhile, Admiral Kikneyd received a report about shooting at Kysk, not thought up nothing cleverer how to give fire support to "guys assaulting enemy fortifications". The crew of the destroyer "Abner Rean" immediately executed the order and brought down the "cold shower" of artillery shells to the allied boggles in battle with each other. 7 Americans and three Canadians became victims of this “friendly” action, more than 50 marines were injured.

On August 18, contact with the landing force was finally able to reanimate, as a result of which the command of the operation did receive information about the absence (from the word: full) of the enemy garrison on Kysk. Having exhaled, Kikneyd ordered the Abner Reed to move away from the coast to the main group of naval forces, but then the ship hit a naval mine, carefully left by the Japanese and for some absolutely magical reason not noticed by the American trawler.

Bottom line: 71 died a sailor, about 50 were injured, five were missing in icy-shrouded waters.

This misadventures of the US military is not over. On August 21, a mortar crew of the United States fired on a reconnaissance unit of its own unit, returning from the central part of Kyski, and was itself destroyed by the intelligence officers who had survived the explosions of the mines. 23 and 24 August, Canadian and American soldiers fired several shots at each other as they inspected the Japanese fortifications in the east of Kyski. More than 200 people got severe frostbite and pneumonia. Finally, 24 August announced the establishment of control over the island.

However, where did the Japanese military go, who, according to American tacticians, were supposed to "defend the shred of land they entrusted to the last drop of blood and lymph". It turns out that this piece of land was abandoned by the Japanese under the cover of dense fog in the period from 28 to 31 in July, that is, almost half a month before the start of Operation "Cottage". At the same time, the sea approaches to Kysk and the fortifications on the island itself were carefully mined (some of the mines were, fortunately for the marines, destroyed by the air strikes that preceded the landing). Nevertheless, the "assault" of a deserted island claimed the lives of 102 fighters and sailors, several hundred of the operation participants were injured or frostbitten. Most of the dead and wounded were the victims of your "friendly fire" and your own negligence (here we attribute the catastrophic undermining of "Abner Read").

Of course, against the backdrop of the brilliant operations on Guadalcanal, the Admiralty Islands, the Philippines and Okinawa, such a shameful episode of the military history of our partners in the Anti-Hitler Coalition was obscured, but to forget about it, as a matter of fact, the Pyrrhic victory in the history of wars is not it should be, although you should not get involved in the hyperbolization of the lack of professionalism of the Allies ...

Instead of postscript

Without such excesses, the Soviet troops also did not manage to fight the Japanese militarists. So, 25 August 1945, the 25 th forces of the Soviet army entered Pyongyang, where especially the ideological units of the Japanese armed forces mined their base and prepared personnel for covert evacuation. True, a few minutes before the Japanese had to leave the base, and the Soviet fighters penetrate it, one crew of the attack aircraft Il-10, not without intuition, struck a missile attack at the location of the Japanese.

The result: the detonation of mines and explosives, the death of 42 of the Japanese military and the bloodless seizure of the base under the control of the forces of the Soviet army.

But it could be otherwise. As you can see, the situation is a mirror ... So it remains only to honor the memory of ordinary soldiers and junior officers of the United States and Canada, who were not the victims of the most professional command.
Author:
Originator:
http://military-korrespondent.net/2014/11/pustoj-kottedzh-slovo-o-samoj-neudachnoj-operacii-morskoj-pexoty-ssha/
13 comments
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  1. Chicot 1
    Chicot 1 22 November 2014 11: 51
    +5
    I will tell you today

    Thank you, Mikhail. The material is really good (for which he and "+"), but ... They already knew about the "Cottage" on the pages of the site, they knew. At least once ...
  2. k_ply
    k_ply 22 November 2014 13: 23
    +4
    Artillery-rifle and air-bomb / missile (NURS) episodes of the so-called. Nobody tried to document and disassemble the "friendly fire" period of the Second World War (without taking into account the activities of barrage detachments, frontal attacks instead of flank bypasses, etc., etc., which entailed unnecessary losses)?
    1. Santa Fe
      Santa Fe 22 November 2014 22: 34
      +3
      Some kind of near story
      They mixed everything together - unsuccessful clearance of the bunker, the destruction of a destroyer in a sea mine and friendly fire
      but then the ship ran into a sea mine, carefully left by the Japanese and for some really magical reason not noticed by the American minesweeper

      Author, are you kidding? Purely combat loss in the database zone, no humor and guilt of sailors

      mine is mine. 70 years have passed, and they, bastards, continue to emerge in the Black Sea. Like everywhere else they have ever been installed.
      Of course, against the backdrop of brilliant operations on Guadalcanal, the Admiralty Islands, the Philippines and Okinawa, such a shameful episode of the military history of our partners in the Anti-Hitler coalition

      US casualties ratio in the war with Japan - 1: 9


      In fact, in Kysk for an absurd reason (friendly fire)
      15 people died ... So what? Half of the military personnel in the database zone do not die from enemy bullets - non-combat (sanitary) losses, accidents, emergency situations, etc. incidents. The harsh axiom of war.

      Here, in short, the loss of the first days of the Afghan war:

      On the very first day of the operation, when landing in Kabul, Il-Xnumx crashed, killing Xnumx people (seven pilots, Xnumx paratroopers).

      23 February 1980 g. - Salang Pass. During the passage of the tunnel by the 186msp and 2zrbr divisions in the complete absence of curfew service, a traffic jam formed in the middle of the tunnel due to an accident. As a result, 16 Soviet servicemen 2zrbr suffocated. There are no data on suffocated Afghans.
  3. African
    African 22 November 2014 13: 35
    +9
    Thanks to the crew of Il for the saved lives of Soviet soldiers.
  4. Next
    Next 22 November 2014 19: 40
    +2
    Thanks for the very interesting article.
  5. Khagysh
    Khagysh 22 November 2014 19: 40
    +2
    Oh yeah! Imagine if the two countries are so weird, what will happen if all NATO gets to fight !? They, the potential adversary, need not do anything but wait - when they kill each other. good
    1. studentmati
      studentmati 22 November 2014 21: 06
      +1
      Quote: Khagysh
      They, the potential adversary, need not do anything but wait - when they kill each other. good


      There is no need to wait. It is necessary to get ahead and give the "necessary" target designation.
      1. boris-1230
        boris-1230 23 November 2014 01: 13
        0
        "The falling one - push." Nietzsche
  6. Sedoy_greek
    Sedoy_greek 23 November 2014 01: 51
    +1
    The article amused - apparently this is how the Americans won the Second World War !!! Fighting for life and death with the Canadians !!! Directly "South Park" of some kind !!!
  7. wanderer_032
    wanderer_032 23 November 2014 08: 18
    0
    From this we can draw a lesson for ourselves about how vital it is that when conducting military operations with the allied forces a clear interaction is established.
    And what can it lead to if this is not done.
    And in addition to this, from this story you can see how important it is to receive timely intelligence information directly from the front line when deciding on further actions of your and allied forces, during joint military operations.
    The mistake of the commanders of this operation is that, knowing that radio communications are not working, they did not organize another way of communicating with the troops at the forefront.
    What came of this is understandable.

    Our military history also has similar episodes, and if we take the times of World War II, then they were there more than once. And with losses in much larger quantities.

    At that time, the USSR and the USA were strategic allies, the US marines of that time fought against the Japanese Empire as a whole quite well. Thus, the U.S. Navy assumed the brunt of the conduct of military operations against the Japanese armed forces operating in the Pacific region.
    This greatly distracted the Japanese and prevented them from starting hostilities in the territory of our Far East, where at that time we did not have large military forces concentrated, but only military forces to only cover the border and territorial waters. In the event of a large-scale offensive by the Kwantung Army, the Japanese would simply have demolished these forces blocking the border. And there would be nowhere to take reserves from, since all the main forces were deployed in the west, in the fight against Nazi troops.
    The Japanese emperor did not dare to seize the Far Eastern territories of the USSR; he preferred to leave his troops in China as a strategic reserve. And occupied China used to its fullest, pumping resources out of it.
    At least for this, it is worth respecting veterans of the US armed forces participating in hostilities in the Pacific Ocean, during the Second World War. Through their actions throughout the 2nd World War they kept the Japanese armed forces in constant tension, thereby really facilitating the situation on the Far Eastern borders of the USSR.
    Eternal glory and memory to them, they really deserve it. soldier
    1. bairat
      bairat 23 November 2014 18: 28
      +1
      Quote: wanderer_032
      This greatly distracted the Japanese and prevented them from starting hostilities in the territory of our Far East, where at that time we did not have large military forces concentrated, but only military forces to only cover the border and territorial waters. In the event of a large-scale offensive by the Kwantung Army, the Japanese would simply have demolished these forces blocking the border.

      Let me remind you of the chronicle of the events of 1941: in September, the Japanese, after long deliberations, changed their minds to attack the USSR and decided to focus on the European colonies, in December they attacked Pearl Harbor, and only after that the United States entered the war. Before that, they could not "greatly distract" the Japanese.
      1. Santa Fe
        Santa Fe 23 November 2014 23: 35
        +1
        Quote: bairat
        Before that, they could not "greatly distract" the Japanese.

        How else could

        They imposed an oil embargo, which made Japanese plans for the USSR futile.

        The Japanese were forced to go to the South (oil Philippines) and inevitably enter the war with the United States
  8. Robert Nevsky
    Robert Nevsky 23 November 2014 18: 40
    0
    I read it with interest, thanks to the author! soldier
  9. gorsten79
    gorsten79 26 November 2014 00: 50
    0
    "The crew of the IL-10 attack aircraft, not devoid of intuition," made me happy!