Victory Seeds from 41
It is bitter to read, hard to watch, difficult to think about the initial weeks of the War - everything is so unbelievable, disastrous, bloody, so monstrous ...
Such a picture. In the middle of summer - under a glittering sky among the fields of prayer - a tank that smokes black, a young man sticks out of the hatch, on his face a cheerful smile of a murderer. He came to rule. And there is no one to knock out his teeth.
We are rich in hindsight. When in those days we suddenly find a lucky chance, a dashing heroic impulse, military success - we guess the grains of the future Victory in this. And it is right.
To this day, in the center of Ukraine - in the Irdynsky marshes and Moshensky mountains it is easy to find a grenade, a mine, a cartridge ... In the school museum of the village of Irdyn there is a whole "arsenal" - various weapon, German mortal tokens, mines, spoons, grenades, hairbrushes ... The war was swept here twice - in August 1941 and in January 1944 ...
16 August 1941, in the area of the Irdyn swamps, hundreds of people witnessed a surprising event that is also suitable for the most incredible action movie in the new millennium. Lieutenant-General Dmitry Ivanovich Ryabyshev (1894 - 1985) in August 1941, commanded the 38 army, led the defense in the Cherkassy area, and then the evacuation of troops across the Dnieper and the destruction of bridges. His book "The First Year of War" was released in 1990, five years after the death of the author. Here is an amazing case; we quote: “Early in the morning of August 16, in the enemy’s location in the area where Smela-Cherkassy Highway crosses the Irdyn River, an unclear gunfire rose. From the side of the enemy, a tank appeared on this highway, around which shells exploded. Tank at high speed was moving in our direction. This picture was observed by the commanders and Red Army soldiers from the units of the 116 th infantry division, which kept the defense here. It became clear to our commanders that the fascists were firing at the tank leaving them. To help him break away from the Nazis, divisional artillery opened fire on the enemy. Meanwhile, the tank approached the river, and the crew, seeing that the bridge was blown up, stopped the tank, hurriedly got out of it and rushed into the water. All crew members swim across the river safely ... ”The most amazing thing is that the T-34 traveled over the occupied territory over 150 kilometers. The tank was commanded by the chief of staff of the 6 Army, Kombrig N.P. Ivanov. Ryabyshev writes: “Initially, Ivanov, with a group of fighters up to the company, tried to break through (from the Umani region) to the Northeast, but the attempt was unsuccessful. Then he picked up a few tank crews and, on a T-34 tank, at night he stepped onto the road, attached himself to the enemy mechanized convoy and moved with it to the front line. At dawn, he took refuge in some forest. So for several nights, moving in enemy columns, approached the front line. And when he was convinced that the leading edge was near, the tank rushed towards him at high speed. This picture was also observed by fighters of the 116 th infantry division. I congratulated Kombriga Ivanov on his way out of the encirclement and helped him get to the headquarters of the South-Western direction, to Poltava ... "
It would be interesting to learn about the future fate of the brigade Ivanov!
Internet to help us!
The surname, of course, is “the rarest”. But - kombrig ... Kombrig in 1941-m? General ranks for high command were introduced, as you know, in May 1940. The first rank of general (army general) was received by Commissar G.K. Zhukov. Here is the commander Ryabyshev to the beginning of the war - he has been wearing epaulets of the lieutenant general for more than a year. Kombrig in 1941-m - this means that there is a possibility that N.P. Ivanov passed through the camps and was released in the same period when a number of former commanders of the Red Army, including KK, were released. Rokossovsky.
There are among the Heroes of the Soviet Union Nikolai Petrovich Ivanov (1904-1959), a regular soldier from 1934, the commander of an artillery regiment. “Gold Star” - for the Kursk Bulge: his regiment destroyed eighteen tanks, eight enemy artillery and mortar batteries in two days of battle ... 1943 is on the front from April. Not him.
In the autumn of 1941, Nikolai Petrovich Ivanov, we find the commander of a certain combination of paratroopers (similar to him!). 18 August 1942 can be seen by his colonel - the commander of the 41-th Guards Rifle Division as part of the 1-th Guards Army near Stalingrad.
It is known that 1-I Guards in October 1942-th fallen in the Battle of Stalingrad ... It ceased to exist (re-formed twice more). But the 41 Division, having survived 76 days at the walls of Stalingrad, survived. The colonel became a general. The division moved to the offensive from the banks of the Don, liberated the first regional center of Ukraine - Melovoe, then Starobelsk, Rubezhnoye, Lysychansk, Slavyansk ... In the area of the Sinelnik station, the division was surrounded. Removing their units, Lieutenant-General Nikolai Petrovich Ivanov died ... In the city of Rubezhnoye in the Luhansk region there is a street named after him ...
In 1966, students of the boarding school No. 1 of the city of Rubezhnoe made a bicycle trip to Volgograd - along the combat path of the 41 Guards Rifle Division. In the summer of 1967, the same guys, traveling on a raft from the origins of the Donets, visited a mass grave in which General Nikolai Petrovich Ivanov was buried. They offered to name one of the streets of Rubezhnoy in his name. There is such a street. In the future, the 41-I Guards Rifle Division took an active part in the Korsun-Shevchenko operation, that is, followed the tracks of that “thirty-four” ...
No, and this N.P. Ivanov "not the one." Why? The logic is simple, but not linear: “that” could not perish, could not survive until Victory!
There was another complete namesake of the two previous Ivanovs in the Red Army, and Major General ...
Let's go back to the 1941-th to the 6-th army. It was commanded by Lieutenant General Ivan Nikolaevich Muzychenko (1901 — 1970). In August, 1941 of the year, while trying to break out of the encirclement, was wounded near Uman and captured. Behaved in captivity worthy. In 1945, he was liberated by the Americans, tested by the NKVD, and from December 31 he was returned to the ranks of the Soviet Army ...
Chief of Staff Ivanov, escaping from the environment, was sent to Poltava - "for clarification." The assembly point for the private and junior commanders who had left the encirclement was in Cherkasy, where they, as General D.I. Ryabyshev, "was thoroughly interrogated, underwent sanitary treatment, outfitted, then sent to replenish and form parts." In Poltava, at that time, our representative of the rate was S.M. Budyonny. Ryabyshev on the same days was appointed commander of the Southern Front. Ivanova, after verification, was appointed Chief of Staff of the 9 Army, commanded by General Fedor Mikhailovich Kharitonov (1899 – 1943). His troops, as stated in the historical reference, "selflessly reflected the attack of the superior enemy forces in the Donbass and the great bend of the Don."
In the spring of 1942, N.P. Ivanov was appointed chief of staff of the 18 Army. In the summer and autumn of 1942, the formations and units of the 18 Army, "holding back the attack of the enemy, fought on the Don, Kuban and in the foothills of the Caucasus." In September - November, 1942, Ivanov, the Chief of Staff of the 56 Army, commanded by General Alexander Ivanovich Ryzhov (1895 - 1950), took part in the battle for the Caucasus. From June to December 1943, Ivanov was the Chief of Staff of the 11 Guards Army, commanded by the well-known commander at that time, later Marshal Ivan Khristoforovich Bagramyan (1897-1982). From December 1944 to February 1945 Ivanov is the Deputy Commander of the 39 Army. This is a re-formed 39 army. The “first” died near Rzhev and Vyazma in 1942. 39 th army commanded also by the legendary man Ivan Ilyich Lyudnikov (1902 - 1976). He was told about him, recalling Stalingrad, Hero of the Soviet Union, Army General Valentin Ivanovich Varennikov (platoon commander at that time): “We all loved Ivan Ilych ardently, waited for him to appear in the trenches. Big mind, generous heart, not timid people. This front dad! ”
Our Ivanov ended the war in the Baltic States, as commander of the 5 Infantry Corps, which was part of the 39 Army of the 3 Belorussian Front. At the final stage of the war, Belarusian 3 was commanded - Marshal of the Soviet Union A.M. Vasilevsky (February - April 1945), Army General I.Kh. Bagramyan (April - July 1945).
What is the fate of General N.P. Ivanov? He seems to have left no memoirs. It's a pity. Tell him what it was. Judge for yourself.
In the newspaper "Krasnaya Zvezda" from 16 June 1975, the obituary was placed:
“Ivanov Nikolai Petrovich (1900 - 1975, Moscow). Russian. From employees. Major General (09.12.1941). Candidate of Military Sciences. In the Red Army with 1918. Member of the Communist Party with 1919. He graduated from the infantry school (1925), the Military Academy. M.V. Frunze (1928).
Commander of the 191 Infantry Regiment of the 64 Infantry Division, Chief of Staff of the 57 Special Corps (July 1938). Member of the Civil War on the side of the Republicans in Spain.
Military Attache at the Embassy of the USSR in China (July 1938 - April 1940). At the disposal of the Red Army headquarters (April-July 1940).
Member of the Great Patriotic War. Chief of Staff 6 (May – August 1941), 9 (September – December 1941), 18 (April – July 1942), 56 (September – November 1942), 11 Army of the Guards Army (June - December 1943), Deputy Commander of the 39 Army (December 1944 - February 1945), Commander of the 5 Infantry Corps from February 1945 until the end of the war.
Senior Lecturer of the Higher Military Academy. KE Voroshilov.
What a fate! ..
The second picture. In the midst of a mad summer, under the night sky inside the roaring glittering lights of the German column, the Russian tank secretly moves. The tank needs a miracle to escape, bring the crew to its own, in it one of the grains of Victory is hidden.
He will break out. So it was, it will be so. And now someone carries the golden grain of the future Russian revival, embedding a column in the enemy, hiding in the groves during the day.
In vain did the European who came to rule Russia laugh.
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