Military Review

In the footsteps of "Pterodactyl"

43
Drones made in China for ten years will conquer half of the world

In the next decade, the state-owned Chinese defense company will become the world's largest manufacturer of unmanned aerial vehicles. This is reported in the UAV market forecast published by the research company Forcast International (Forecast International).

According to published estimates, the global unmanned aircraft market will more than double - from 942 million dollars in 2014 to 2,3 billion in 2023. True, in physical terms, little will change. Market growth will be driven more by the rising cost of unmanned systems. In particular, Forcast International expects even a reduction in the production of UAVs - from 1000 systems in the current year to about 960 systems from 2017 to the end of the decade.

According to analysts, the state-owned Chinese corporation aviation industry AVIC (AVIC - Aviation Industry Corporation of China) will be the leader in the global market for the production of UAVs. According to Forkast, AVIK will release unmanned aerial vehicles worth $ 2023 billion by 5,76. This is more than half of the market volume in value terms for the period under review. Almost all manufactured devices are planned to be sold to Chinese consumers. The largest producer of UAVs after AVIK will be Northrop Grumman, Forecast predicts. In accordance with the forecast, by 2023 it will release UAVs worth $ 2,58 billion.

Now AVIK and subsidiaries produce several unmanned aerial vehicles for the domestic market. According to Avionics Intelligence (Avionics Intelligence), the corporation manufactures a microapparatus with an MAV (micro air vehicle) electric motor, a jet LIEOE, almost identical to the American RQ-4 Global Hawk developed by Northrop Grumman ), which is designed for reconnaissance and surveillance, an electric Sky Ai helicopter (Sky Eye) for use by artillery and missile units for reconnaissance and target designation, as well as the Sky Dragon TL-8 air target to simulate the flight of winged rockets.

China has several times demonstrated the potential for successful deployment of its growing UAV fleet. In particular, according to Chinese state media, in 2013, Beijing was considering the possibility of using UAVs to attack the Golden Triangle in order to destroy a drug dealer from Myanmar who is wanted in China. However, it was then decided to capture him alive.

In the footsteps of "Pterodactyl"


In addition, during the celebration of the anniversary of the nationalization of the Senkaku Islands by Japan in September 2012, the Japanese authorities announced that they had flown jets into the sky due to the flight of an unidentified UAV in close proximity to this region. Later, Beijing confirmed that the drone was Chinese and was performing a scheduled task. For several weeks thereafter, Japanese media reported that the Tokyo government was exploring plans to destroy foreign drones that violated the country's airspace. Beijing responded: he will view such a move as an act of declaring war.

China has been developing unmanned aerial vehicles since it built copies of the American Firebee, shot down in 60-ies. In 1972, prototypes of the Wuzen-5 apparatus (Wuzhen-5 - WZ-5), also known as Chang Hong-1 (Chang Hong - CH-1), appeared. Initially, the Chinese UAVs were developed by the Chinese Airborne Missile Academy, and their customer for many decades was the People’s Liberation Army of China (PLA), which, according to some sources, used unmanned aerial vehicles during the invasion of Vietnam in 1979 and received valuable intelligence information that helped the conduct of hostilities.

Over the past five years, an industry has been built in the PRC to create unmanned aircraft, the capabilities of which surprise some experts. Representatives of the Chinese industry, on the one hand, demonstrate unique developments, on the other - traditionally copy advanced western products.

The Difference News weekly publishes the opinion of one of the renowned experts in the field of UAVs Robert Michelson, research engineer from the American Research Institute of Technology (Georgia), who was a jury member at the International Competition for Innovative UAVs held in China at 2011 and 2013 (International UAV Innovation Grand Prix Regulations). According to the expert, in 2011, a UAV with a main propeller developed at Northwestern Polytechnic University from the city of Xian was stopped in flight. At the same time, the leading US developers in the field of unmanned aerial vehicles, having substantial investments by the Pentagon and NASA, have not been able to achieve the transition of the device from hover mode to high-speed horizontal movement. Unlike the American projects, a really functioning Chinese UAV was presented at the competition.

In 2013, Michelson was even more amazed when he saw one of the Chinese universities solve the daunting task of influencing high voltages on the flow profile of the UAV wing airfoil, which they had never tried to do before. Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics called its development “PlasMav” (PlasMav).

For the first time in stories A high voltage field UAV has been used to reduce drag and increase lift, the expert said.

All these unique developments nevertheless do not stop the Chinese specialists from copying the best Western developments. In particular, the Chinese veterans of the WZ-5 and ASN-206 are “clones” of the Firebee and Pioneer vehicles.

Among the other popular for copying American UAVs are the MQ-1 Predator (Predator) and the Global Hawk. The analogue of the “Predator” is called “Pterodactyl-1” in China. It is equipped with a horsepower 100 piston engine. A copy of the Global Hawk drone is called Xianglong or BZK-005. It weighs 7484 kilograms and has a cruising height of 17 376 meters.

Chengdu Aircraft Corporation (CAC) has developed Sianlong since 2006. In the existing images it is presented in the form of an inconspicuous apparatus of the two-quilted scheme. The device with a wingspan of 22,86 meter and a range of 6437 kilometers is equipped with an under-vent gyrostabilized optical-electronic system (GOES). One Xianglong was reportedly crashed in Hebei province in August 2011.

In 2011, Iran was able to get the wreckage of a downed RQ-170 "Sentinel" UAV developed by Lockheed Martin. Pictures of the analogue of this device later appeared on Chinese websites, which suggests that the work was done on creating a copy of Sentinel.

According to experts, any large program of unmanned aerial vehicles of the United States is sooner or later copied to the PRC. Currently, the company "Chengdu" is developing a new subtle supersonic UAV with articulated wing and tail section, which is called the "Dark Sword" (Dark Sword). It resembles the American "Avenger" (Avenger). Shenyang University has developed two competitive, inconspicuous models, the Crossbow and the Wind Blade, which have longer wing tips with tips. The characteristics of these devices allow you to use them for observation and targeting in the fight against aircraft carriers. Chengdu is also working to create a hypersonic UAV, equipped with a supersonic combustion direct-flow jet engine (scramjet) based on the NASA / DARPA X-43 program implemented in the USA.

At air shows held in Zhuhai in recent years, more than two dozen UAVs have traditionally been presented, which, however, are not being launched into production in the interests of China or foreign customers. The obvious progress of China in the development of unmanned aerial vehicles was demonstrated at the Zhuhai Airshow-2000 exhibition, where the WZ-200 small Guizhou (Guizhou) was introduced, which later evolved into a middle-class UAV. In 2008, samples equipped with weapons and a turbojet engine, similar to the American MIP-9 “Reaper” (Reaper) drone developed by General Atomics (General Atomics), appeared at the air show. ASN-2010A has become the largest-sized UAV on Zhuhai Airshow-229. It has a range of 2000 kilometers and is equipped with air-to-ground missiles and a satellite data line.

However, as experts note, only a few units from the vast mass of UAVs developed by Chinese specialists are in operation, and the technologies used in them, according to experts, are 20 years behind the western ones. The main obvious disadvantages are in the absence of miniaturization technologies for antennas, video and communication systems, data transmission lines.

Prospective drones for the PLA will be much larger and more efficient, and a developed copy of the inconspicuous RQ-170 will help to track the strike groups of ships during strategic operations against aircraft carriers using anti-ship ballistic missiles developed in China. However, this possibility is hardly a matter of the near future.

China, moreover, with its BLA, gradually begins to enter the foreign market. In particular, according to the Want China Times, Saudi Arabia signed an agreement to acquire a Chinese medium-high UAV of the long duration of the Wing Loong flight, also known as Pterodactyl-1 ). Information about the number of unmanned systems purchased by the kingdom is not. The agreement was concluded during the visit of Prince Salman Bin Abdulaziz, Minister of Defense of Saudi Arabia, to the People's Republic of China at the beginning of the year. On the Chinese side, the document was signed by the Deputy Chief of the General Staff of the PLA, Lieutenant General Wang Guanzhong. Although neither Beijing nor Riyadh advertise the deal, in the past there have already been examples of such defense supplies. And analysts believe that it is expedient for China to promote the Vin Lun drone as one of the main export military products.

In June, official Chinese media reported 2013 that national companies sold UAVs to three foreign customers without naming them. According to unconfirmed reports, we are talking in particular about the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. It was also noted that negotiations on potential supplies are being conducted with five countries.

The Vin Lun system was developed at the Aviation Research Institute in Chengdu (Chengdu Aircraft Design and Research Institute) and manufactured by Chengdu. Implementation of the program began in 2005, and the first flight of the UAV was performed in 2007. According to the Popular Science magazine, Popular Lynn, 100 kilograms in size, is roughly the same as the Predator, with a range over 4000 kilometers and a flight time of 20 hours. The 200 kilogram mass payload can include two KD-10 air-to-air guided missiles, laser-guided, similar to the American Hellfire XM-114, or two LS-50 X-YUM satellite-guided bombs with satellite guidance.

Although China claims that Vin Lun is completely based on its own technologies, experts, as already noted, consider it a copy of the Predator apparatus, which the US Air Force and the CIA used for its intended purpose to destroy terrorists, particularly in Pakistan and Yemen. Given the growing concern of Saudi Arabia with the growing threats from Syria and Yemen, it seems quite appropriate for Riyadh’s decision to use strike drones, including Vin Lun, in the fight against extremists.

Chinese media have positioned this UAV as having a wide range of military applications, including for delivering pinpoint strikes and long-range reconnaissance. The potential civilian use of Wing Lung is also noted, in particular for the assessment of natural disasters, environmental protection, atmospheric and meteorological research.

China, analysts believe, will aggressively push its UAVs onto the world market. The report of the US-China Economic and Security Review Commission, prepared in 2013 on behalf of the US Congress, states that Chinese companies are expected to become the main suppliers of drones on the world market.

UAVs produced by China are especially attractive to countries in Africa and the Middle East. The low cost of the devices and the absence of restrictions on exports are significant advantages in competition with Western manufacturers.
Author:
Originator:
http://vpk-news.ru/articles/22257
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  1. Abbra
    Abbra 17 October 2014 14: 34
    +6
    I feel that we will live to see a time when each self-respecting individual will have his own unmanned air force based on the windowsill.
    1. Babr
      Babr 17 October 2014 14: 40
      +3
      The farther into the forest, the more firewood. A drone. Vile system. Whether it’s the case, wall to wall.
      1. smile
        smile 17 October 2014 14: 57
        +13
        Babr
        There is no more vile "systems" than things like bacteriological or chemical weapons, from the impact of which, first of all, peaceful people who are not equipped with means of protection suffer.
        For the rest .... even when wall to wall, each of the "walls" tends to deceive, stab in the back and, preferably, ten to one. This is the foundation of the entire millennial science of war. There is no such thing there - mean, not mean. Alas.
        1. Babr
          Babr 17 October 2014 15: 11
          +3
          Quote: smile
          There is no such thing - mean, not mean. Alas

          I agree. But sadly. Not in Russian it. Maybe this is our misfortune? Or maybe power?
          1. smile
            smile 17 October 2014 16: 02
            +9
            Babr
            Ohohoh ... Sad, of course. The war is generally a gloomy thing ... But tell me, but if it was Tornado for almost a hundred kilometers or to roll out the enemy artillery with concentrated fire, suppressing its countermeasures - is this in Russian? But to cut the enemy motorized infantry with a tank strike and transfer its rear, depriving the enemy troops of supplies? But to overturn the undeployed infantry captured on the march by a massive cavalry attack and knock it to hell after it takes flight? And to shoot from redoubts with canister at point blank range honest columns of bayonet infantry? And the knightly wedge in the crowd of the militia - how is it? After all, Cannes is the environment and ruthless destruction, including in the back, of the infantry masses, most of which did not even have the opportunity to fight?
            So, I would not bind the concept - "in Russian - not in Russian" and any of the weapons systems. Honestly - don't ...
            Another thing is the attitude to the defeated enemy, his prisoners of war, his population - here you are right, you can talk about our specific Russian style.
            1. Babr
              Babr 18 October 2014 01: 37
              +3
              Yes, I understand everything, the soul does not accept.
              1. smile
                smile 19 October 2014 00: 03
                +1
                Babr
                Well, that’s another matter .... and here I understand you. Honest, sincere statements - I welcome!
          2. Revolver
            Revolver 17 October 2014 17: 13
            +3
            Quote: Babr
            Quote: smile
            There is no such thing - mean, not mean. Alas

            I agree. But sadly. Not in Russian it. Maybe this is our misfortune? Or maybe power?
            You still cry for the fascists, whom "vile" and "not in Russian" they starved to death in the ruins of Stalingrad.
        2. yehat
          yehat 17 October 2014 16: 25
          +1
          however, there is a list of warfare methods recognized as inhuman - the use of gases, nuclear weapons, the killing of prisoners, the use of multiple needle bullets, a trihedral bayonet, ball and needle bombs, phosphorus ...
          and these methods cause particular bitterness.
          1. smile
            smile 17 October 2014 17: 17
            +1
            yehat
            No need for a trihedral bayonet - no one recognized him with anything, these are later myths. :))) The nomenclature of ammunition with needles here, by the way, is quite wide, and we have a lot of phosphor weapons ... do you think we riveted them for use? Do you know, by the way, that at the very end of the 19th, or at the very beginning of the 20th century (I do not remember exactly) there was an international initiative - to ban machine guns in view of the fact that these are barbaric inhuman weapons? :)))
        3. WKS
          WKS 17 October 2014 18: 06
          +2
          I feel that we will live to see a time when each self-respecting individual will have his own unmanned air force based on the windowsill.

          Ideally, drones should not differ in size from birds and insects. An ordinary fly flies around your room with the appearance, but in fact, the UAV of a neighbor is reconnaissance on the subject with whom you are sleeping.
    2. Siberian German
      Siberian German 17 October 2014 15: 23
      +4
      yes holy holy holy - it cut someone on the road - for those in the ass some kind of rocket
      yes well them
    3. USSR 1971
      USSR 1971 17 October 2014 16: 04
      +3
      No problem, in the "toys" store in the "radio-controlled models" section. As much as you want, just from China and for rubles.
  2. RUSS
    RUSS 17 October 2014 14: 34
    +1
    The Chinese never cease to amaze.
    1. Oml
      Oml 17 October 2014 16: 54
      0
      It’s better to say unpleasantly surprising.
  3. pensioner
    pensioner 17 October 2014 14: 34
    +2
    A solid machine ... Where is our Scat?
  4. max702
    max702 17 October 2014 14: 44
    +1
    The Chinese Xerox is no longer surprising; another is surprising. namely, the position of China’s state husbands do not spare money for their homeland. everything in the house everything for the country everything for the people ..
    1. smile
      smile 17 October 2014 15: 06
      +6
      max702
      Hmm ... we can only envy the Chinese intelligence. Such a photocopier would also not hurt us in some cases ...
      And about money. Ours do not regret it either. But all the successes of the Chinese miners of other people's secrets are based primarily on the presence of huaqiao. And on the fact that they are very patriotic and try to help their country. Our emigrants, on the other hand, are often less disposed towards Russia than the population of the countries of "potential friends". For a significant part of them, we are "this country", a totalitarian regime, a bloody gebnya .... They, unlike the Chinese, quickly assimilate, often to grow into the society of their country of residence, they enthusiastically pour mud on Russia (USSR), all confirm. the wildest Western clichés about us, thus proving that they are "holier than the Popes of Rome." It's sad ... Our special services should learn from the Chinese how to work with their former citizens ...
    2. WKS
      WKS 17 October 2014 18: 10
      +1
      Quote: max702
      The Chinese Xerox is no longer surprising; another is surprising. namely, the position of China’s state husbands do not spare money for their homeland. everything in the house everything for the country everything for the people ..

      And the people are one of the poorest in the world. Worse live except in Bangladesh.
      1. SuperEnot
        SuperEnot 18 October 2014 13: 28
        0
        And when was the last time you were in China? The average salary is 400-500 dollars at a sewing factory in Beigou. With the price of housing and products below ours much. And in Shanghai, salaries are much higher and real estate prices as well.
  5. Lissyara
    Lissyara 17 October 2014 14: 44
    +3
    As I understand it, now any aircraft model has already begun to be called "drone". Directly a tribute to fashion. Even on the example of the recent kurtosis at a football match involving Albanians. The device was shown, but in terms of size, it does not pull on a drone.
    And in general, I wonder ... Where is the line between aircraft modeling and drones? I see so far only one point - this is the serial production of UAVs. On the other hand, aircraft models are also stamped in batches (judging by toy stores).
    1. WKS
      WKS 17 October 2014 18: 14
      0
      Quote: LiSSyara
      Where is the line between aircraft modeling and drones?

      The UAV will send you a picture with the geo-coordinates of the targets, and if necessary, it can neutralize these targets. But a toy or model cannot.
  6. siberalt
    siberalt 17 October 2014 14: 49
    0
    Each weapon has an anti-weapon and a shield.
  7. navara399
    navara399 17 October 2014 14: 53
    +4
    That's how it went off, what a "drone" Chinese boom! Something we did not work with our aircraft modeling circles, (in my childhood I also fired something with wings and on a motor with a battery). We must catch up!
    1. Lissyara
      Lissyara 17 October 2014 15: 25
      +3
      And what, in the days of the USSR, "fighting" on the MK-12 did not fly sickly on the lane. "Cut a ribbon to a friend"winked (and at the same time do not get confused in the cords). And the eternal problem with the ether for fuel. Good times, childhood.
  8. Freeway_3007
    Freeway_3007 17 October 2014 15: 03
    +3
    externally a copy of the American
    let him show himself in business ...
    1. MACCABI TLV
      MACCABI TLV 17 October 2014 22: 00
      0
      That's what he is a copy of, and apparently the same.
    2. APASUS
      APASUS 18 October 2014 09: 17
      0
      Quote: Freeway_ 3007
      externally a copy of the American
      let him show himself in business ...

      It’s rather not a matter of performance characteristics, but the fact that the Chinese can fill the world with similar equipment in a dozen years
  9. ma_shlomha
    ma_shlomha 17 October 2014 15: 07
    +1
    Drones - PAK of the 6th (7) generation
  10. AIR ZNAK
    AIR ZNAK 17 October 2014 15: 09
    +3
    Military drones are good for fighting terrorists in the semi-deserts of the Arabian Peninsula and similar areas of Africa As a scout at heights that do not allow him to be damaged by small arms. However, it is clearly visible on the radar screens. In civilian applications - work on emergency search for relatively large objects and fires .Application against a serious opponent has very few prospects.
    1. yehat
      yehat 17 October 2014 16: 28
      +3
      the drone solves one very important problem - safe tactical reconnaissance. Means of destruction of drones are now far from ideal.
      1. MACCABI TLV
        MACCABI TLV 17 October 2014 22: 02
        -1
        Quote: yehat
        Means of destruction of drones are far from ideal.

        as such, they are not yet.
  11. Prager
    Prager 17 October 2014 15: 12
    +2
    I have no doubt at all that the author of the article is right - the Chinese are very capable of much, if you set a goal, you will certainly achieve it!
  12. Alexander
    Alexander 17 October 2014 15: 14
    +6
    Quote: Freeway_ 3007
    externally a copy of the American
    let him show himself in business ...


    We don’t even have such a close sad
    1. Bayonet
      Bayonet 17 October 2014 15: 24
      +1
      Quote: alexandr
      We don’t even have such a close

      But we can do it like that! And pride doesn’t allow us to copy someone’s into scrap!
      1. RUSS
        RUSS 17 October 2014 15: 59
        -2
        Quote: Bayonet
        But we can do it like that! And pride doesn’t allow us to copy someone’s into scrap!


        We have enough of these.
  13. APES
    APES 17 October 2014 15: 19
    0
    [quote = Babr] [quote = smile] Or maybe power? [/ quote]

    "God is not in power, but in Truth" Alexander Nevsky
  14. da Vinci
    da Vinci 17 October 2014 15: 27
    +4
    Well, let someone explain (for example Rogozin laughing ): Russia has powerful educational institutes (MAI), powerful design bureaus and factories, and such nonsense as UAVs have been created for 15-20 years, China for 3-4 years? They can't even copy (at one time they copied from a pen to an atomic bomb and nothing, everything was at the level). Or maybe all science and technology grew - bluff, RosPilBudge corporation? It's time to change effective managers and proffesors, and it is better to hand out the "golden parachutes" to children - it will be fair! what
    1. Zymran
      Zymran 17 October 2014 15: 31
      +2
      Copying is always behind. The Chinese are not just stupidly stealing technology, they are modernizing it, on the basis of it they are creating something of their own.
    2. SuperEnot
      SuperEnot 18 October 2014 13: 32
      0
      Well, unfortunately, you are 89% right. Drank goes scary. How many times we tried to get in with our PackBot clones, but they asked us from 50 to 75% of kickbacks. And we have a profitability of about 12% and this is not counting the further costs of R&D. Everything is sad.
  15. Fast
    Fast 17 October 2014 16: 06
    0
    It is useful that they copy from the stadts while Ours keep theirs secret (I hope). It's time to create a "Guardian bird" like Sheckley's, otherwise from such a flock, which will be divorced in the competition of China and the stadts, it will not spit. And China specifically restrains the Japs, they will soon turn green with anger, thanks for that.
    1. Bayonet
      Bayonet 17 October 2014 16: 52
      +3
      Quote: Fast
      It is useful that they copy from the staffs while ours keep their secret (I hope).

      “It's hard to find a black cat in a dark room, especially if she is not there,” said Chinese philosopher Kung Fu-Tzu.
  16. kunstkammer
    kunstkammer 17 October 2014 16: 22
    +4
    The German company builds and sells small guided drones with a carrying capacity of up to 20 kilograms. Flight time up to 1 hour and up to 5 km remoteness. Hang up, are shooting. I was thinking if they put basic weapons on them: an automatic machine, a sniper rifle, a grenade launcher or, at worst, 8 fragmentation grenades .. A good way to fight dill for the militia of New Russia. What do you think?
    1. ma_shlomha
      ma_shlomha 17 October 2014 16: 59
      +2
      The militia wrote that they hang on a quadcopter intelligence RGD in a glass.
      1. kunstkammer
        kunstkammer 23 November 2014 17: 11
        0
        [media = http: //www.droidair-shop.com/products/skyjib-8-ready-for-red-komplett-sys
        topic]

        found a good DRON - can carry up to 20 pounds and a flight duration of almost an hour.
        It costs less than they sell in Moscow. But I can’t buy it alone.
        If you could cooperate with anyone, buy and hand it over to the guys in New Russia.
        It would be cool.
    2. saag
      saag 17 October 2014 17: 33
      0
      Quote: kunstkammer
      I was thinking if they put basic weapons on them: an automatic machine, a sniper rifle, a grenade launcher or, at worst, 8 fragmentation grenades .. A good way to fight dill for the militia of New Russia. What do you think?


      Of the whole set, the most interesting sniper rifle :-)
      1. WKS
        WKS 17 October 2014 18: 21
        0
        Quote: saag
        Of the whole set, the most interesting sniper rifle :-)

        Especially if you imagine how a UAV, squinting one eye, takes aim.
        1. kunstkammer
          kunstkammer 18 October 2014 15: 45
          +1
          the eye can not squint. It is enough for the operator, who is far in the shelter, to zoom in on the object with the camcorder and press the shutter. For accuracy, it is advisable to shoot pre-used equipment.
          20 kg of carrying capacity of a flying vehicle will be enough to install light weapons. And, for example, a trigger in the form of a servo.
          However, for now this is all our talk .. but I would like to go to reality.
  17. qQQQ
    qQQQ 17 October 2014 17: 03
    0
    Copy the glider, guidance systems, the engine is not a problem. Everything rests on the control system, its noise immunity and the ability to withstand attempts to intercept. Here the whole chip is buried, and for this you need your own satellite constellation at the moment GPS or GLONAS. We cannot use Western developments in the confrontation with the West due to the fact that GPS is not controlled by us, respectively, China will not be able to use its UAVs without the consent of the United States. In general, we need to develop our own, for this everything is there, unfortunately years of devastation were knocked out by engineering personnel who could compete on equal terms in the development of control systems for UAVs, in my opinion, this is the most important thing.
  18. Romass
    Romass 17 October 2014 17: 52
    -2
    Glad for Chinese friends. Death will pass and heel kalo not.
  19. svp67
    svp67 17 October 2014 17: 54
    0
    The state-owned Chinese defense company will become the world's largest manufacturer of unmanned aerial vehicles in the next decade.
    With their ability to establish production and then "multiply" - YES, WHO WOULD Doubt. There are doubts about something else, how much their quality and reliability will equal the UAVs of "probable friends"
  20. Dragon-y
    Dragon-y 17 October 2014 21: 55
    0
    The Chinese have a very wide selection of parts for creating UAVs and UAVs - both in quality and price. I do not think that they will put the cheapest stuffing in combat drones ...
    Many Chinese components with a low price have been working for years in the same aircraft models. (by the way, where is your computer and / or monitor manufactured? ..)