Military Review

Grandfather, who was afraid of Hitler. How Sidor Kovpak created the partisan army

52
Grandfather, who was afraid of Hitler. How Sidor Kovpak created the partisan army


Clever lad

At the beginning of the 21st century, Ukraine created idols from marauders, rapists, and murderers in the Ukrainian Insurgent Army. Cowards and scum, capable of performing only punitive functions, kill "Jews, Muscovites and Communists," elevated to the status of "heroes of the nation."

One could simply say - "what a nation, such heroes." But it would be unfair to Ukraine, because this land gave the world a lot of real warriors and just people with a capital letter.

At the Baykovo Cemetery of Kiev, a man who has become a legend in life, a man whose only name terrified the nazis - Sidor Artemyevich Kovpak, sleeps forever.


Monument to Sidor Kovpak in Kiev. Photo: RIA News


He was born 7 June 1887, in the Poltava region, in a large peasant family. On the account was every penny, and instead of school, Sidor from a young age mastered the skills of a shepherd and a farmer.

In 10 years he began to help the family, working in a shop at a local merchant. A smart, quick-witted, observant - “the lad will go far,” the village aksakals, wise with everyday experience, spoke about him.

In 1908, Sidor was drafted into the army, and after four years of military service, he went to Saratov, where he got a job as a laborer.

From the emperor to Vasily Ivanovich

But after only two years, Sidor Kovpak was again in the soldiers' ranks - the First World War began.
The soldier 186 of the Aslanduz Infantry Regiment Sidor Kovpak was a brave warrior. Being wounded several times, he always returned to the ranks. In the 1916 year, being a scout, Kovpak particularly distinguished himself during the Brusilov breakthrough. By his exploits, he earned two crosses of St. George, which he was presented by Emperor Nicholas II.

Perhaps here the king-father got a little overwhelmed - in 1917, Kovpak chose not him, but the Bolsheviks. Returning after the October Revolution to his homeland, Kovpak discovered that the war was on his heels - the Reds and the Whites agreed not for life, but for death. And here Kovpak gathered his first partisan detachment, with which he began to smash Denikinians, and at the same time, by the old memory, and the Germans who occupied Ukraine.

In 1919, Kovpak's squad joined the regular Red Army, and he himself joined the ranks of the Bolshevik party.

But Kovpak did not immediately hit the front - typhoid fever was raging in a half-ruined country. Climbing out of the clutches of the disease, he still goes to war and finds himself in the ranks of the 25 division, commanded by Vasily Ivanovich Chapaev himself. The commander of the trophy team of Chapaevs, Sydor Kovpak, already had the reputation of his prudence and thrift - he knew how to collect weapon on the battlefield, not only after victories, but also after unsuccessful battles, striking the enemy with such insolence.

Kovpak took Perekop, finished off the remnants of the Wrangel army in the Crimea, eliminated the Makhnovist gangs, and in 1921, he was promoted to the position of military commissar in the Big Tokmak. After replacing several more such posts, in 1926, he was forced to demobilize.

The Partisans - Gardens

No, Kovpak was not tired of the war, but his health was failing — he was disturbed by old wounds, tormented by rheumatism earned in the partisan detachment.

And Kovpak moved to economic activity. Suppose there was a lack of education, but he had a vein of strong business executive, observation and ingenuity.

Having started in 1926 from the post of chairman of the agricultural artel in the village of Verbki, Kovpak through 11 years reached the position of chairman of the Putivl city executive committee of the Sumy region of the Ukrainian SSR.

By the beginning of World War II, Sydor Kovpak was 54 of the year. Not so much, but not so little for a man whose whole life was associated with war and hard peasant labor.

But Kovpak in a difficult moment could forget both about age and sores. He took over all the organizational work for the creation of a partisan detachment in the area of ​​Putivl. There was very little time for organization — the enemy was approaching rapidly, but Kovpak, to the last, was engaged in the preparation of bases and caches.

From Putivl, he left the gardens almost the last of the 10 leadership of September 1941 of the year, at the moment when the German units had already appeared in the village.

Many guerrilla groups died at the very beginning of the war due to the fact that their leaders were simply not prepared for such activities. There were also those who, having laid down the bases, preferred to hide out of fear, to hide, but not to fight.

But Kovpak was completely different. Behind shoulders is a huge military experience combined with the experience of a talented business executive. In just a few days, Kovpak created the core of the future detachment from the Putivl activists and surrounding scouts who had gone with him to the forests.

Power from the forest

29 September 1941 of the year near the village of Safonovka squad Sidor Kovpaka conducted the first combat operation, destroying Hitler's truck. The Germans sent a group to destroy the partisans, but she returned with nothing.

October 17 1941, when the Nazis were already on the outskirts of Moscow, in the Ukrainian forests, the Kovpak squad united with the squad of Semyon Rudnev, a professional soldier, a participant in battles with Japanese militarists in the Far East.


Kovpak (sitting to the left) reads to the partisans the encryption from the mainland. Detachment Commissar S. V. Rudnev (sitting to the right), 1942. Photo: RIA Novosti


They appreciated the grip of each other and imbued with mutual respect. They had no competition for leadership - Kovpak became the commander, and Rudnev took the post of commissioner. This management "tandem" very soon made the Nazis shudder with horror.

Kovpak and Rudnev continued to unite small partisan groups into a single Putivl partisan detachment. Somehow, punishers with two tanks. The Nazis still believed that the partisans were something frivolous. The result of the battle adopted by the partisans was the defeat of the punishers and the capture of one of the tanks as a trophy.

The main difference of the Kovpak detachment from many other partisan units was, paradoxically, the almost complete absence of partisanism. The Kovpak people were ruled by an iron discipline, each group knew its own maneuver and actions during the sudden attack of the enemy. Kovpak was a real ace of secretive movement, suddenly appearing here and there for the Hitlerites, disorienting the enemy, delivering lightning and crushing blows.

At the end of November 1941, the Hitlerite command felt that it had virtually no control over the Putivl area. The loud actions of the partisans changed the attitude of the local population, which began to look at the invaders almost with a sneer - they say, are you the authority here? Real power is in the forest!


Sydor Kovpak (center) discusses with the squad commanders the details of the combat operation, 1942. Photo: RIA Novosti / L. Korobov
Kovpak is coming!


The annoyed Germans blocked Spadashchansky forest, which became the main base of the partisans, and threw large forces at their defeat. Assessing the situation, Kovpak decided to break out of the forest and go into a raid.

The Kovpak guerrilla formation was rapidly expanding. When he walked with the battles in the enemy’s rear in the Sumy, Kursk, Oryol and Bryansk regions, more and more new groups joined him. The Kovpak compound turned into a real partisan army.

18 May 1942, Sidor Kovpak was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.

In August, Kovpak's 1942, along with the commanders of other partisan units, was received at the Kremlin, where Stalin asked about problems and needs. Were identified and new combat missions.

The Kovpak compound was ordered to go to the Right-Bank Ukraine in order to expand the guerrilla zone.

From the Bryansk forests, Kovpak guerrillas fought several thousand kilometers in the Gomel, Pinsk, Volyn, Rivne, Zhytomyr and Kiev regions. Ahead of them the partisan glory was already rolling, turning legends. It was said that Kovpak himself was a huge, bearded strongman, killing 10 fascists with a fist blow at a time that tanks, cannons, airplanes and even Katyusha were at his disposal and that Hitler himself was afraid of him.


Sydor Kovpak examines a new bridgehead, 1943. Photo: RIA Novosti / L. Korobov


Hitler is not Hitler, but the smaller Nazi caliber really feared. The news “Goes Kovpak!” Acted demoralizing on policemen and German garrisons. They tried to avoid any part of the meeting with his partisans, for she did not promise anything good.

In April, 1943, Sidor Kovpak was given the rank of “Major General”. So a real general appeared in the partisan army.

The most difficult raid

Those who met the legend in their wake were amazed - a short old man with a beard, similar to the village grandfather from the rubble (the partisans were calling for their commander - Grandfather), seemed absolutely peaceful and in no way resembled the genius of partisan war.

Kovpak was remembered by his fighters by a number of sayings that became winged. In developing a plan for a new operation, he repeated: "Before entering the Divine temple, think how to get out of it." About providing the connection with all the necessary things, he said concisely and a little mockingly: “My supplier is Hitler.”

Indeed, Kovpak never bothered Moscow with requests for additional supplies, obtaining weapons, ammunition, fuel, food and uniforms in Hitler's warehouses.

In 1943, the Sumy partisan unit of Sidor Kovpak set off on his most difficult, Carpathian raid. You can’t throw the words out of the song - there were many people in those parts who were completely satisfied with the power of the Nazis, who were glad to hang "Jews" under their wings and rip the bellies of Polish children. Of course, Kovpak for such was not a "hero of the novel." In the course of the Carpathian raid, not only many Hitlerite garrisons, but also Bandera troops were defeated.

The fighting was hard, and sometimes the position of the partisans seemed hopeless. In the Carpathian raid, the Kovpak compound suffered the most serious losses. Among the dead were veterans who stood at the origins of the detachment, including Commissioner Semyon Rudnev.

Living legend

Still, the Kovpak connection was back from the raid. Upon his return, it became known that Kovpak himself was seriously wounded, but he was hiding it from his fighters.

The Kremlin decided that it was impossible to continue to risk the hero's life - Kovpak was recalled to the mainland for treatment. In January, the Sumy partisan unit was renamed 1944 to the Sidor Kovpak 1 th Ukrainian partisan division. The command of the division took over one of the comrades of Kovpak, Peter Vershigora. In 1944, the division made two more large-scale raids - Polish and Neman. In July, the guerrilla division, which the Nazis did not manage to defeat the fascists, merged with the units of the Red Army in Belarus.

In January, 1944 was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union for the successful Carpathian raid.


Sydor Kovpak, 1954 g. Photo: RIA News


Having healed the wounds, Sidor Kovpak arrived in Kiev, where a new job awaited him - he became a member of the Supreme Court of the Ukrainian SSR. Probably, another would be blamed for the lack of education, but Kovpak was trusted both by the authorities and the common people - he deserved this trust with his whole life.

In the 2012 year, under Viktor Yanukovych, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, at the suggestion of the communists, adopted a decree on the celebration of the 125 anniversary of the birth of Sidor Artemievich Kovpak. Then still Kovpak remained a hero for Ukraine.

What would Sidor Artemyevich say if he saw what has become now with his native Ukraine? Probably would not have said anything. Having seen a lot in his lifetime, Grandfather, having groaned, would simply have gone towards the forest. And then ... Then you know.
Author:
Originator:
http://www.aif.ru/society/history/1183319
52 comments
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  1. Gardamir
    Gardamir 20 September 2014 08: 17
    +20
    Oh, how many great people, and we know almost nothing about them. That's about whom you need to make films.
    1. Egoza
      Egoza 20 September 2014 08: 48
      +43
      Quote: Gardamir
      That's about whom you need to make films.

      The film was shot "Duma about Kovpak" (multi-part) - but this is with the "advice". Now, i.e. under Yanuca, it was shown on TV for the celebration, and they calmed down on this. Books have been released about him and his squad ...
      And I want to add that in peacetime S.A. Kovpak took care of his partisans. I tried to travel around them all, watched how they live, helped as much as I could, often at my own expense.
      My math teacher was his contact. Of course she was 14 years old then, just a little girl, the Nazis thought that she was 11, so they didn’t get to work in Germany. And Kovpak remembered such a girl. she told me, when suddenly CAM came to the outskirts of Kiev, enters the house. Asks about life ... and then "And what is that Ninka can in the hallway with you? Has she thought of brewing moonshine?" That's the devil with big eyes! And she poured cold water into a can and kept butter there, there was no way to buy a refrigerator. Well, I showed him. She treated her to kvass ... and a few days later they brought her a refrigerator, as a gift from Kovpak.
      xxx
      He had an amazing memory - he remembered ALL the soldiers of his squad by name! And he tried to help everyone, but if he saw "disorder", then he would instruct them on the "true path"
      1. Nicholas C.
        Nicholas C. 20 September 2014 13: 04
        +8
        Quote: Author Andrei Sidorchik
        in Ukrainian forests Kovpak’s detachment teamed up with the detachment of Semyon Rudnev, a military man, a participant in battles with Japanese militarists in the Far East.
        They appreciated each other's grip and were imbued with mutual respect.


        Andrey Sidorchik has a good article. Although the highlight is not clearly reported. "Appreciate each other's grip." soldier The emphasis is not the same. They worked together before the war. Kovpak - the executive committee, Rudnev - the pre-Osoaviakhim Putivl. Both units were created from party asset (not NKVDshnye), but Rudnevsky underwent special training, so he returned to Putivl already from the front. And immediately united under the guidance of a senior comrade. [Cm. Vershigora's book].

        The Spadshchansky massif near Putivl is small, you can hide in it, but you can’t protect yourself from military operations. Therefore, before the western raid, Kovpak operated mainly from the Hinel forest. Hinel is a village in the Bryansk region. Here and the main number scored.

        Call Spadshchansky massif Ukrainian forests! a little wrong for another reason. Let me remind you, as a result of the treacherous Brest peace of 1918, the territory of Ukraine was drawn with the lands of the Don Army, Slobozhanshchina. But without Putivl County. It was much later presented to the USSR in the status Russian! autonomous region. "Autonomy" did not last long. Under the then Bolshevik forced Ukrainization, nothing remained of autonomy. But the people did not change. As he did not become different in the Crimea for a much longer period of occupation (for Putivl, I take the period before the start of the war with the Nazis).

        Reference. Putivl is an ancient city. In it, Yaroslavna was still crying. During the Mongol conquest, it became part of the Golden Horde. When the Great Memorial took place in the Horde (from 1359) and the horde could not send troops to protect their lands, Lithuania for several years squeezed from the local khans a strip of the territory of the north of modern Ukraine to Galicia (part of which was overcome by the Poles) and Kursk lands. Local khans (Khan Dmitry in Kiev, for example) - because here, in contrast to Moscow, Vladimir, Novgorod Russia, there was direct Mongol rule. When the allies of Moscow and Crimea (and Kazan) defeated the Great Horde allied with Lithuania, in 1500 they began to derban them. Putivl moved to the Russian kingdom. in 1503m Lithuania recognized this (along with Chernihiv in exchange for Kiev returned to it). But, if, after the Time of Troubles, Poland briefly recaptured Smolensk and Chernigov from the Russian Tsar, then Putivl has since been only Russian. And for many events this city is significant for Russian history.
      2. DV69
        DV69 20 September 2014 22: 00
        +3
        Quote: Egoza
        Quote: Gardamir
        That's about whom you need to make films.

        The film was shot "Duma about Kovpak" (multi-part) - but this is with the "advice".


        And the book is written, "People with a clear conscience" by Vershigor.
        1. RoTTor
          RoTTor 21 September 2014 23: 46
          0
          The artist Stepankov, by the way, the husband of Ada Rogovtseva, who played in the film Kovpak and was a former Orthodox Communist, after 1991 sharply turned into nationalists. The betrayal did not bring dividends to him, he drank too much.
        2. RoTTor
          RoTTor 21 September 2014 23: 46
          0
          The artist Stepankov, by the way, the husband of Ada Rogovtseva, who played in the film Kovpak and was a former Orthodox Communist, after 1991 sharply turned into nationalists. The betrayal did not bring dividends to him, he drank too much.
      3. user
        user 21 September 2014 17: 10
        0
        So a new chant is asked in language:

        Glory to Kavpak!
        Glory to heroes!

        and what is curious about the case.
    2. Hyppopotut
      Hyppopotut 20 September 2014 10: 52
      +8
      And there are films - "Duma about Kovpak", and the books were written "People with a clear conscience", "Beyond the Vistula and San", "Carpathian raid of Kovpak"
      1. Gardamir
        Gardamir 20 September 2014 11: 25
        +3
        I watched these films. But completely autobiographical, how a person went to what we know. That would be great.
      2. revnagan
        revnagan 20 September 2014 12: 24
        +6
        Quote: Hyppopotut
        and books written by "People with a clear conscience"

        A strong thing, much stronger than the film. Although everyone has different tastes.
        1. zeleznijdorojnik
          zeleznijdorojnik 21 September 2014 20: 46
          +1
          I recommend finding this book in the post-war publication 46-51 - later, after the death of Stalin, it was forcibly changed. PS I do not understand why Vershigory’s photographs (he was also a photographer) are marked in this article as belonging to Izvestia Publishing House.
          1. tolancop
            tolancop 21 September 2014 22: 16
            0
            I confirm. The original version of the book, IMHO, is better.
      3. dkflbvbh
        dkflbvbh 20 September 2014 15: 43
        +4
        Glory and honor to Sidor Artemievich !!!!!

        Ukrainians even have a coin with its face (which is strange, since Petlyura exists in the same series)
        1. Thunderbolt
          Thunderbolt 20 September 2014 19: 00
          +4
          The people's avengers smashed the enslavers of their native land so that the smoke stood in a pillar and shreds went through the back streets. Glory, Kovpak and the red partisans!
  2. anip
    anip 20 September 2014 08: 49
    +16
    This is really Ukrainian! Even dill cannot be called a dill, unlike the current Kiev session.
    1. dkflbvbh
      dkflbvbh 21 September 2014 12: 36
      +1
      Quote: anip
      This is really Ukrainian! Even dill cannot be called a dill, unlike the current Kiev session.


      He is not a Ukrainian (there is no such nation — this is an invention of Poles), but a Russian.
      And most of all I like it when the Kovpakovites fascists froze in the field alive.
  3. Oleg Bok
    Oleg Bok 20 September 2014 08: 56
    +7
    There are films, the trilogy was filmed in the 80s, the first film is called 'Nabat'. I often visited Putivl, a beautiful town with a fabulous river Seim. Monuments to Rudnev and Kovpak in the center, always flowers. In general, Putivl is a Russian city, Prince Igor left for the battle with the Polovtsy, on the bank of the Seim there is a monument to Yaroslavna, who saw Igor off. Until 1930 Putivl was a district of the Kursk province, then, like many other things, it was donated to Ukraine. In the Spaschansky forest there is a museum of a partisan station. Not far from it is a wrecked German tank, or rather a tankette 'to be precise.
  4. aszzz888
    aszzz888 20 September 2014 09: 15
    +13
    To such Heroes - Glory!
  5. Aaron Zawi
    Aaron Zawi 20 September 2014 09: 32
    +16
    A brilliant nugget. In principle, it’s much harder to command a partisan unit than a front-line unit, and they are raiding partisan formations ... I don’t remember this in military history.
    1. svp67
      svp67 20 September 2014 11: 38
      +6
      Quote: Aron Zaavi
      I can’t remember any analogs to this in military history.
      Yes, give up. The Israel Defense Forces began the same way, and in the history of Russia it is worth looking at the Civil War, there are similar examples there too. By and large, Kovpak’s success was precisely due to the fact that he was a participant in the Civil War and precisely on the territory of Ukraine, before the war, the NKVD even received a denunciation that Kovpak had fought in Makhno’s detachments for some time ... I cannot find documents now, but it is known that AGAINST Makhno Kovpak fought for sure. So that he had someone to learn from.
    2. 11111mail.ru
      11111mail.ru 20 September 2014 19: 16
      +2
      Quote: Aron Zaavi
      let alone guerrilla units raiding ... I don’t remember any analogs to this in military history.

      This is because you have some kind of selective memory ...
      http://coollib.net/b/253261/read "Рейд по вражеским тылам южноуральской армии Блюхера был с точки зрения военного искусства, безусловно, уникальной оперативно-стратегической операцией. Жаль, что в будущем советские военные специалисты не уделят ему такого же внимания, как другим известным боевым операциям Гражданской войны. Хотя по своему размаху этот рейд в три раза превосходил поход Таманской армии на Северном Кавказе, почти в пять раз — рейд группы Якира от Одессы на север, в десять раз — отход группы Ворошилова к Царицыну".
      For one and a half thousand miles march along the rear of the whites, VK Blucher was awarded the Order of the Red Banner, number 1.
      The campaign of the red Taman army was led by Epifan Kovtyukh. Read A.S. Serafimovich "Iron Stream". There he is bred under the name "Kozhukh".
      If you unsubscribe, then please do not dissemble that these were supposedly regular parts of the Reds. It was the partisan formations that came to join the regular units.
  6. Nikoha.2010
    Nikoha.2010 20 September 2014 09: 49
    +7
    In 1985, being in the pioneer camp in Yaremche, Ivano-Frankivsk region, we visited Kovpak's museum of partisan glory more than once! We were proud that it was possible to be in places where our partisans once fought. After reading the article, I found on the Internet an article about this museum "How partisans are killed" /2000.net.ua›Forum›na-grani/84548, it makes no sense to talk for a long time, but the museum is "not in good" condition ... Sorry, glory to the true heroes of Ukraine!
  7. tolancop
    tolancop 20 September 2014 09: 52
    +5
    In general, books about the partisans of the Second World War are read with great interest. From "Putivl to the Carpathians", "People with a clear conscience" and others. And I recommend reading the FIRST editions that came out in the late 40s. They have less ideological chatter introduced later.
  8. sabakina
    sabakina 20 September 2014 09: 53
    +5


    Who did not look, look. Who looked, review. The film is worth it.
    And I would have seen Kovpak happening now in his homeland, would have gathered his army again ... Even from the other world ...
    1. GUKTU92
      GUKTU92 20 September 2014 10: 25
      +8
      At the 69th minute - the golden words: "And most importantly - Not ONE fascist should leave OUR forest ALIVE!" This is a patriot ...
    2. Signaller
      Signaller 20 September 2014 14: 52
      +5
      And not yet evening. It may happen that people who are indifferent will gather and name their squad that will reach Lviv and put Ukraine in its place.
  9. parusnik
    parusnik 20 September 2014 10: 02
    +7
    Rudnev S.V. 22.09.1933 - was appointed political assistant to the commandant of De-Kastrinsky UR, in the Far East .. In June 1937, he was removed from the post of political assistant to the De-Kastrinsky UR and removed to the reserve of OKDVA PU, 19 August, was appointed acting military commissar of the 1st brigade of the military building units of the Red Army. February 7, 1938 regimental commissar S.V. Rudnev was arrested by the NKVD. In May 1939 (more than a year later!) He was charged with committing crimes under Art. 58-1b, 58-8, 58-9, 58-11 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, during the investigation S.V. Rudnev admitted that he had created the right-Trotskyist organization in his fortified area, but categorically refused to plead guilty to espionage and sabotage. Then he refused the confession, stating that he was forced to sign them under the physical influence of the investigators. In July 1939, the case was sent for consideration to the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR, but from there it was returned to the military tribunal of the 2nd Separate Red Banner Army due to numerous contradictions and unproven prosecutions. A second review did not take place, and C.V. Rudnev himself was released from prison. In 1939, for health reasons, he was demobilized from the army and returned to Putivl. Since May 1940, he was the chairman of the Putivl District Council, Osoaviakhim. He was not a participant in the battles with Japanese militarists in the Far East. In 1929 he graduated from the N.P. Tolmacheva ... He served in the Far East since 1932.
  10. avt
    avt 20 September 2014 10: 56
    +4
    I have long said, even before the Maidan, and I will repeat-that is who is missing in Ukraine !!!!! These are people who made history, and immediately stepped out of life into epics!
  11. Puler
    Puler 20 September 2014 11: 03
    +4
    - Yes, there were people in our time,
    Not that the present tribe:
    Bogatyri - not you!
    1. Suhow
      Suhow 21 September 2014 15: 50
      +1
      Alas, we are not, although then times were harder and living conditions. But people were more determined and kinder to each other. Laziness and prosperity are corrupting us, civilization, + and-.
  12. luka666
    luka666 20 September 2014 11: 14
    +3
    As now Ukraine lacks such heroes.
    1. svp67
      svp67 20 September 2014 11: 40
      +2
      Quote: Luka666
      As now Ukraine lacks such heroes.
      There are a lot of similar ones, but it is with such views, those certainly are in short supply ...
      1. Gato
        Gato 20 September 2014 12: 05
        +4
        Quote: svp67
        There are a lot of similar ones, but it is with such views, those certainly are in short supply ...

        But among the Heroes of the Soviet Union about a quarter are Ukrainians (for more detailed statistics here: http://vn-parabellum.com/su/hero-ussr_1.html), among them are just legendary figures, such as, for example, the three times Hero of the Soviet Union I. N. Kozhedub, the most productive as allies.
        1. terrible
          terrible 20 September 2014 19: 14
          +1
          Kovpak, Kozhedub, did they consider themselves Ukrainians themselves?
        2. The comment was deleted.
          1. svp67
            svp67 20 September 2014 21: 49
            +3
            Quote: formidable
            Kovpak, Kozhedub, did they consider themselves Ukrainians themselves?
            Yes, by completely different Ukrainians, a true Cossack family, for whom the values ​​of Nazism were hostile ...
  13. Vadim2013
    Vadim2013 20 September 2014 14: 05
    +3
    A wonderful short article about Sidor Artemyevich Kovpak. I read books about his partisan detachment, I saw films about this several times, but did not know anything about his life before the Second World War.
  14. leglun
    leglun 20 September 2014 17: 50
    +2
    And now, the DNI and LNR troops would truly unite with the general leadership and drive the Ukrop scum to Kuev and there would be no disagreement between the commanders and the government would not interfere, but would help the militia fight and drive the enemies from New Russia !!!
  15. tank64rus
    tank64rus 20 September 2014 18: 25
    +9
    Great grandfather! Eternal glory and memory to him. A man with a clear conscience. I believe that Ukraine will drive out all evil.
  16. asar
    asar 20 September 2014 19: 09
    +2
    Well done was Grandfather! Glory to the Hero!
  17. terrible
    terrible 20 September 2014 19: 18
    -3
    Kovpak formed his squad from RUSSIAN !!! From Ukrainians only punitive and policemen are obtained!
    1. Suhow
      Suhow 21 September 2014 15: 54
      +2
      put you a minus, you also had Heroes-Vlasovites, for example, and people and ghouls are in any nation, nation.
  18. asar
    asar 20 September 2014 22: 23
    +2
    Again, look at Kovpak, download and see! It was on TV, not everyone could watch! Oh, Grandfather! How you are missing in dill!
  19. asar
    asar 20 September 2014 23: 28
    +2
    Add: "Hosts" TV, GDP! We are talking about patriotism, on "TV" - one crap! Isn't it time to "turn on" SOMETHING GREATER! Since we're talking about patriotism!
    Currently watching "My Planet"! Not a bad "channel"!
  20. chelovektapok
    chelovektapok 21 September 2014 10: 55
    +2
    A real Hero of the former Ukraine. "About ensuring the connection with everything necessary, he spoke laconically and a bit mockingly:" My supplier is Hitler. "(C) Parallels from the present time suggest themselves. Only here are the followers of Hitler in Kiev.
    1. RoTTor
      RoTTor 21 September 2014 23: 53
      0
      HERO OF UKRAINE! this is the current thieves' Bandera clan-tribal "power" made itself with Western help made the former.
    2. RoTTor
      RoTTor 21 September 2014 23: 53
      0
      HERO OF UKRAINE! this is the current thieves' Bandera clan-tribal "power" made itself with Western help made the former.
  21. Vadim2013
    Vadim2013 21 September 2014 13: 41
    +2
    Sidor Artemievich Kovpak was awarded the St. George Crosses of the III and IV degrees and the medals “For Courage” (“St. George's” medals) of the III and IV degrees.
  22. Swetly
    Swetly 21 September 2014 15: 58
    +3
    I bow to you veterans of that war! And thanks!
  23. Motors1991
    Motors1991 21 September 2014 16: 19
    -5
    He set the article as a minus, or rather the author. Now there is a nasty habit among Russians to portray Ukrainians as traitors and villains. So here is an article, it seems, about Sidor Artyomovich Kovpak, but in fact another spit in the direction of Ukrainians. in the article bashfully almost kept silent about Kovpak’s campaign in the Carpathians. But this is a real feat, only for this campaign of S. A. Kovpak and his “caps” can be forever recorded in the history of the Second World War. But the author is bashfully silent, and maybe I didn’t read the book, “From Putivl to the Carpathians”? And there’s only one reason, then it will be necessary to admit that in their campaign the Kovpakov’s did not fight with Bendera or with other partisan detachments, of which there was a whole salad in Western Ukraine, including the Polish Army Craiova .Moreover, after the defeat of the oil towers of Nadvirna and Drohobych, it was thanks to the locals that part of the Kovpakovites, including Sidor Artemyevich himself, managed to escape from complete encirclement. Any unbiased reader can find all this in book C. A. Kovpak ,, From Putivl to the Carpathians ,,
    1. 11111mail.ru
      11111mail.ru 21 September 2014 18: 16
      +1
      Quote: Motors1991
      He set the article as a minus, or rather the author. Now there is a nasty habit among Russians to portray Ukrainians as traitors and villains. So the article seems to be about Sidor Artyomovich Kovpak, but in fact another spit in the direction of the Ukrainians.

      You set yourself a minus. How's the saying goes? "Someone likes a watermelon, but someone from a pig is a cartilage."
      1. Motors1991
        Motors1991 22 September 2014 18: 16
        0
        I suppose you didn’t read Kovpak’s book either, so you chew on the chewing gum that you slipped.
    2. tolancop
      tolancop 21 September 2014 22: 27
      +1
      And you read books about the Carpathian raid either poorly or in places. The Kovpakites fought with Bandera when it succeeded, because Bandera did not really want to get stuck from partisans who had been hardened in battles with the GERMANS. But for Kovpakov’s intelligence, Bandera was a big problem, as Vershigora’s book says in plain text. And no one denies the help of local residents in the exit of Kovpakites from the Carpathians. Just do not identify the local residents and Bandera.
      1. Motors1991
        Motors1991 22 September 2014 18: 31
        0
        Kovpaka also read in Russian at school. Then, several years ago, he re-read it in Ukrainian, 1984. When the disputes from Kovpak and Rudnev were thrown out of a later edition, Rudnev proposed making him like Lenin, who entered into permanent unions with fellow travelers against a common enemy, Kovpak was against any cooperation with nationalists. And as for the identification of local residents and Bandera, I can say now you identify Ukraine with a twinge of conscience with Bandera and the Nazis.
    3. SSV
      SSV 23 September 2014 17: 04
      0
      During the raid, his detachment was not assigned the task of chasing Nazi thugs, it was necessary to hit the rear of the Germans, oil fields, and junction stations.
  24. persei
    persei 21 September 2014 22: 14
    +2
    Oh, it’s a pity there are few such combat organizers in all regions of Ukraine ... almost no one can say. And it would be necessary to Kovpak in Kiev, Poltava, Cherkasy, Kirovograd ... etc .. area. Pound fascists throughout the territory ...
  25. Redfox3k
    Redfox3k 21 September 2014 22: 27
    0
    Quote: Suhow
    put you a minus, you also had Heroes-Vlasovites, for example, and people and ghouls are in any nation, nation.

    I put a minus for the scale of the Vlasovites is different than the UPA, but the Vlasovites had no choice: either the Vlasovites or the bullet, but half-regions were ready to go to the UPA
  26. Shiva83483
    Shiva83483 21 September 2014 23: 38
    +1
    Grandfather handsome, in a word .... not a couple of current poets. Out of harm, I’ll be in Kiev, I’ll go to his grave in memory to honor .....
    1. RoTTor
      RoTTor 21 September 2014 23: 48
      0
      Why out of harm? - maybe out of respect?
    2. RoTTor
      RoTTor 21 September 2014 23: 48
      0
      Why out of harm? - maybe out of respect?
  27. RoTTor
    RoTTor 21 September 2014 23: 39
    +2
    The partisan commanders S.F.Kovpak and I.Fyodorov, who have become real big statesmen, can and should be told about the post-war work no less than about their military exploits. Great people were great in love.
    From childhood memories: funeral S.A. Kovpaka - the coffin was on an artillery carriage - the highest posthumous honor.
  28. amavr
    amavr 22 September 2014 00: 45
    +1
    In profile, similar to Motorolla
  29. da Vinci
    da Vinci 22 September 2014 12: 47
    0
    A true Ukrainian patriot. Eternal glory to the Hero and Man!
  30. da Vinci
    da Vinci 22 September 2014 12: 55
    0
    If you think about it: the regular army is at the forefront, fighting against the enemy's regular army and periodically going to the rear to rest. Partisans - 24/7 365 days are in enemy territory, they have no rest, they always expect a battle, most often difficulties with food and medicine. Often dampness, dirt, no uniforms. And you have to fight, you can't sit back, there are orders, often thoughtlessly criminal. And the award - most often one medal "Partisan of the Patriotic War". And the merit of the partisans, I think, is very underestimated.
  31. high
    high 22 September 2014 18: 08
    -1
    The author noted that General Rudnev, deputy Kovpak, died in battle ....
    However, according to General Vershigory, who commanded a partisan formation, after leaving Kovpak for treatment in Moscow, General Rudnev was removed by the NKVD ...
    The reason for the murder: Kovpak conducted operations against the Germans together with the UPA, then he received orders from Moscow to destroy the UPA, which Rudnev objected to ... there is still a debate about how Rudnev and his son died ....
    1. tolancop
      tolancop 22 September 2014 23: 14
      0
      Does the source of information on the elimination of Rudnev not be difficult?
  32. arslan23
    arslan23 24 September 2014 11: 42
    0
    Four years behind enemy lines and survived. Connected to the main parts. Yes, Rembo did not even dream of it. This is a man. So many warriors live and stay alive THIS IS NOT REAL !!! That's for sure the Legend. It is necessary to read about him
  33. 54052
    54052 3 December 2014 01: 31
    0
    Khrushchev constantly spoiled Kovpak ... asked not to give long periods of young Bandera overgrowth (as recently .. ,, they are children ,,).