Question on 20 trillion




Last week, the Moscow-based Zhukovsky hosted the “ground MAKS” - the international forum “Engineering Technologies - 2014” and the international exhibition of weapons and technologies “Oboronexpo-2014”.


The forum traditionally brought together a representative audience: heads of companies from Germany, France, Switzerland, India, China and other countries came to participate in conferences, seminars and round tables. A number of corporate contracts were concluded. Traditionally, for the second time, the general sponsor of the business program was VTB Bank.



The context of the event was very disturbing. The sanctions of the Western states touched upon the supply of military and dual-use products to Russia, including the machines and industrial equipment necessary for us, as well as the cooperation of domestic and foreign companies in the development and production of weapons. The Ukrainian defense enterprises made a negative contribution at the request of the Kiev authorities to cooperate with Russian partners - which is extremely unpleasant, because defense enterprises of Russia and Ukraine were once formed as part of a single Soviet complex and therefore were closely cooperated.


In such a situation, it is advisable to consider what awaits our gunsmiths.


Great update


It is worth recalling that now there is a cardinal renewal of our Armed Forces. Since 2011, the rearmament program has been implemented in Russia, calculated for the period up to 2020. The program is very ambitious: the total amount of funds for the acquisition of new types of weapons by 2020 should be about 20 trillion rubles (for comparison: the nominal annual GDP of the country is 66 trillion rubles).


In accordance with the planned figures, the share of the new weapons in the Armed Forces, by the year 2015 should be 30%, by 2020 -m - 70%. The rearmament will affect all branches of the military and all types of weapons and military equipment.


The growth of interest in the army in Russia is noticeable even in international comparisons. So, last year, our country ranked third in the world in military spending, beating the UK and Japan. The military expenses of the Russian state over the past year amounted to 68,8 billion dollars. Only the “super heavyweights” of the world economy spend more: the USA (578 billion dollars) and China (148 billion dollars).


The dynamic picture is even more impressive. Russia in the 2013 year, not only came in third place in terms of costs for the army, but also became the leader in terms of growth in military spending. The country's military budget in the next three years will increase by more than 44%. In 2014, Russia will spend 78 billion dollars on defense.


For completeness, we can mention that Russia also remains the second largest (after the United States) arms supplier to foreign markets.


It would seem that with such volumes of military orders there is no reason for concern among domestic gunsmiths. However, problems remain.


To bottom and back


Firstly, it is still the impact of the collapse of the industry in the 1990's. By the middle of the last year’s decade, the Russian defense industry complex, with a rare exception of the industries that had established export deliveries, was essentially in ruins. The enterprises of the industry “lost their form”, lost valuable personnel, having failed to carry out timely modernization of production because of chronic lack of money, lagged behind Western companies in technical terms. And all these production problems must be urgently resolved in the process of implementing the rearmament program.


Secondly, it creates difficulties and the already mentioned need for the supply of equipment and elements of weapons from abroad. Russia is heavily dependent on imports of precision machine tools, electronic components. Traditionally, for our defense industry, the deliveries of engines for helicopters from the Ukrainian company Motor Sich were important, the role of the Dnepropetrovsk Yuzhmash in rocket armament was great, and the Khartron Kharkov (former Elektropribor) was in military electronics.


In principle, the question is solved. To reduce the technical lag, together with the re-equipment program, a federal target program for the development of the defense industry complex of 3 trillion rubles in size is being implemented.


All last year, the country sought to reduce the dependence of ship maintenance and repair on foreign shipyards. In August, 2013-th was banned the use of foreign machines, if there are available domestic counterparts. The emerging system integrator “Stankoprom” was tasked to bring the volume of its own competitive equipment to one third.


The production of engines for helicopters on the state defense order was transferred to the power of the United Engine Corporation. In particular, in the 2012 year, the UEC for 6,2 billion rubles of investments put into operation a new enterprise - the Petersburg Motors plant.


Established in 2009, under the auspices of "Rostec", the corporation Radioelectronic Technologies actively develops domestic military electronics.


“We carry out a detailed analysis with regard to imported components manufactured in Ukraine, the European Union countries and NATO. In general, we plan to complete all this work by November of this year ... Within two to three years we will be ready to completely get rid of dependence on components and components imported by defense industry enterprises from abroad, in particular from Ukraine, ”says the deputy chairman. Russian government Dmitry Rogozin.


In general, according to the President of the Institute for National Strategy Mikhail Remizov, disruption of the rearmament program is not threatened. Although certain delays are possible: “The program may be revised to extend the deadlines. First of all it concerns shipbuilding. Somewhere weaponry is not yet brought. Somewhere else under Serdyukov, enterprises entered into contracts at obviously unrealistic, low prices. Tried to stake out a contract, but can not fulfill it for this price. Plus, the situation with Ukraine and the need for import substitution may somewhat slow down the rearmament. We will have to create in Russia the production of products that were previously imported, and not to engage in the development of new technologies. ”


And of course, all this will require financial investments in the industry.


Forge money


One of the possible options for promoting the development of the defense industry in addition to direct state subsidies could be more active participation of financial institutions in supporting gunsmiths.


In 1990, this did not spread for obvious reasons: banks preferred to go into more profitable areas of capital investment, gunsmiths had no opportunity to attract loan financing. If loans were given, they were small and short-term - for salary payment.


In 1999, the situation improved slightly. The state has pledged to settle with defense industry enterprises on the debts that have been formed, and no payments have begun. It became more interesting to maintain the state defense order, as money began to be allocated more or less in a timely manner. Some payment delays remained, but their maximum period did not exceed three months, which was associated with such a concept as the fiscal year. In cases where payment for government orders falls at the end of the year, it usually shifts to the first quarter of the next year.


Now the state order is approved this year. And by the end of December, every enterprise operating under such programs knows what it has to do, how much its own funds it can spend, and how much it will need to attract, including through borrowing in the banking sector.


Today, all the largest domestic banks, both state and private, work with the defense industry. In the regions of the traditional dense concentration of defense enterprises, for example in the Urals, regional banks are also actively cooperating with smaller sized banks. The banks did not disclose the share of investments in the defense sector in the total volume of loan portfolios, but they are estimated by different banks at the level of 7 – 25%.


With the implementation of the rearmament program, this interest is growing. As, for example, the sponsor of the above-mentioned “ground MAKS” VTB Bank. This credit organization has always actively supported the enterprises of the Russian defense industry. Only on the first day of the forum, VTB signed two agreements on strategic cooperation: with the Morins-Agat concern (the leading enterprise in the Russian shipbuilding in information systems) and NPP Radar Mms (the leader in the production of radio electronic systems and complexes). “The credit portfolio of the VTB Department of Government and Defense Sector Customer Relations for the first half of 2014 alone increased by 23 percent, or 146 billion rubles. The defense sector accounts for more than 70 percent of all departmental loans, ”says the board member of VTB Valery Lukyanenko.


It is likely that the demand for loans from defense enterprises will only grow. The industry is facing global modernization. Most likely, in the coming years we will see a growing interest of banks and defense enterprises in cooperation. Competition in this market is just beginning.

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  1. cerbuk6155 28 August 2014 21: 37 New
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    You will not feed your Army, you will feed a stranger and their people, and you will lose your people and Army. soldier
    1. Giant thought 28 August 2014 21: 43 New
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      Recently, things have gone smoothly in the military industry. Let's hope that the momentum gained will not be inhibited by the fifth column.
      1. nils 28 August 2014 21: 59 New
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        Quote: Giant thought
        Let's hope that the momentum gained will not be inhibited by the fifth column.


        WILL!
        Is it not necessary to start with it, with a smooth transition to state regulation: the raw materials component (with 100% state property), large-scale industrial production with the restoration and development of destroyed enterprises, an education system with a targeted order of specialists?
        1. max702 28 August 2014 22: 15 New
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          I agree with you 5 is the MAIN problem in the country and it’s not the ear of a matz and not anal with a dead Novodvorskaya, but bureaucrats and hucksters who are vitally interested in a Western master who, after sins in his homeland, will take their own wing and even if not their own ones .. So far no steps have been seen in this direction.
          1. Hippopotamus 29 August 2014 03: 57 New
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            +1
            If you want peace, get ready for war. Nobody has canceled this rule yet. As practice shows, the so-called "world law" is nothing more than an instrument for manipulating the strong weak. In fact, they respect and reckon only with the strong.
            1. volodyk50 29 August 2014 09: 16 New
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              I agree with you 5 is the MAIN problem in the country and it’s not the ear of a matz and not anal with a dead Novodvorskaya, but bureaucrats and hucksters who are vitally interested in a Western master who, after sins in his homeland, will take their own wing and even if not their own ones .. So far no steps have been seen in this direction.

              The main problem is not the 5 column, but the lack of personal opinion among the majority of the residents of the Russian Federation, they are used to being poured into the ears of the media, that's how convenient it is and no need to think. The principle of the "column" is based on this. In addition, the dark darkness in the legal field does not allow domestic (small) producers to provide the military-industrial complex with high-quality and relatively inexpensive products, but it is worth noting that there are already shifts in this direction, in particular, several contradictory circumstances fixed in the Tax Code were leveled in the 2014 year In, GOSTs and previously adopted government decrees. Returning to the “columns”, I would like to hope that the situation will be corrected, at least in connection with the latest events in the world community, part of this very column has crossed over and supports President Putin’s policies, I don’t know because of political impotence and shortsightedness of Western patrons or because of the awakened conscience is not important. It’s important that everything changes for the better.
              1. max702 29 August 2014 19: 29 New
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                I’ll tell the really working population there’s no time to play politics, it’s winter in ruins, like autumn and only 3 months a year, you can reach by spitting and eating grub everywhere on the streets, we’ve got garbage for a week during the season, and you’ll die from the cold and winter there is no real garbage once hunger for hunger .. While from Novokuznetsk and Chita to Moscow you get how much time will pass? The people understand this very well! He also understands that in the place of some bloodsuckers others do not happen differently, and there are very few people .. So you don’t have to say apathetic and the hut from the edge is not so at all, it’s not the people’s concern for the traitors and the liberals to put pressure on it is the work of state bodies ! But she is not visible! What prevented the closure of GDP of stools or Chubais to send to the bunk? Mythical political groups? Yeah right now .. you speak on TV to announce the list of comrades and the whole country will support 95% of the nits to pieces, they will even tear to pieces there will be no one to interrogate. Here you have the full power in the country, do whatever you want .. But it’s obvious that GDP doesn’t have titanium or iron eggs, but at best aluminum ones .. Let's just say pissing everyone wants to get by with half measures .. That's the main mistake! Everything will not go too far both for “ours and yours”, but the delay in death is similar .. And I sincerely hope that I am wrong.
      2. Cadet787
        Cadet787 28 August 2014 22: 01 New
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        Serbian Chetniks successfully stormed Slavyanoserbsk
        28.08.2014 - 20: 46
        The commander of the detachment of the Serbian Chetniks "Jovan Shevich" Bratislav Zhivkovich said that the unit of the Slavic brothers took an active part in the liberation from the Ukronazists.
        “Serbian Chetniks are already in Slavyanoserbsk,” Voenkor.info quotes B. Zhivkovich. “The Jovan Shevich squad eliminated about 19 Ukrainian punishers and several enemy armored vehicles during the offensive, and also took rich trophies.”
      3. 1812 1945 28 August 2014 22: 51 New
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        Quote: Giant thought
        Recently, things have gone smoothly in the military industry. Let's hope that the momentum gained will not be inhibited by the fifth column.

        Braked, braked and will be braked. If we continue to play by the rules written in Langley. This entire fifth column should hang on poles along the railway lines from St. Petersburg to Moscow - so that the bureaucratic army, plying along this road often, saw what was waiting for "American liberalism - monetarism." Putin chose the right direction. It is necessary to choose the power and fellow travelers worthy of the intended most important goal for the country.
        1. Styx 28 August 2014 23: 15 New
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          evil but fair yes
  2. Pro100Igor 28 August 2014 21: 38 New
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    ------------------
    1. igor1981 28 August 2014 21: 47 New
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      Yes, everything is written correctly.
  3. Iline 28 August 2014 21: 41 New
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    The article recalls the dashing 90s more than once. And this is reasonable. The fact that we must now spend colossal amounts on rearmament and bringing the army into a divine form and on the modernization of production in a short period of time is rather a huge minus. But this minus came up from the 80s and 90s, when the army and the military-industrial complex were essentially collapsed. A HUGE "thank you" for this to the first President of the USSR and the first President of Russia. If the reforms were carried out systematically, then there would not be such huge expenses now.
    1. Aibolit
      Aibolit 28 August 2014 21: 49 New
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      On the contrary, this is a huge plus, due to the restoration of the defense industry, they will restore the machine tool industry, which will subsequently work for civilian production. Only modern machine tool industry will give a chance to restore competitive production.
      1. Basarev 28 August 2014 22: 30 New
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        And the electronics! Everyone will confirm that now electronics is one of the most important industries, without which modern defense is unthinkable, and indeed a citizen too.
  4. A1L9E4K9S 28 August 2014 21: 50 New
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    Little by little, little by little, things are moving, we are crawling out of the failed hole where the fucking liberals drove Russia, they should have transplanted them all like in the old days, let them sit and thought it was not good to betray the country that brought you up.
    1. Grande_amigo 28 August 2014 22: 14 New
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      get out ???)))
  5. Cadet787
    Cadet787 28 August 2014 21: 51 New
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    28.08.2014.
    With the assistance of the Zaporozhye partisans, the militia went to sea from the Zaporizhzhya region

    Plot controlled by militias. The green line shows the former border of the Zaporizhzhya region. You can click to enlarge.
    At lunchtime everyone thought that the capture of Novoazovsk would be followed by the assault on Mariupol. However, the Militia acted more cunningly: they made a deep coverage of the enemy’s front and now Mariupol, which over the past two days has been flooded with the last reserves of the junta, has practically ended up in the boiler.
    Over the past day, the army of New Russia took the settlements of Starchenkovo, Republic, Zeleniy Yar, Boevoye, Malinovka, Demyanovka, Starodubovka, Chervonoe Pole and Osipenko. Moreover, the last two points are already in the Berdyansk district of Zaporizhzhya region.
    At the same time, from the direction of Berdyansk towards the militias, the Zaporozhye partisans of the detachment named after Old Man Makhno, who had grown in recent days for the brigade due to fugitive soldiers of the Ukrainian army, struck. Currently, the operational situation is as follows: units of the defenders of Donbass blocked a section of the route on the Mangush-Osipenko section. Clashes are underway in Urzuf.
    With the militias leaving for the Zaporizhzhya region, the war for the liberation of the DPR and LPR turned into a war for the liberation of all Ukraine from nationalists.
  6. samoletil18 28 August 2014 21: 51 New
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    Captain obvious! You indicated the need for what should always be done. Thank! And give thanks to Kiev, on the Maidan. Without these horses how much from 20 trillion. not a Russian manufacturer broke away! And so, they drew attention to themselves. Well, thank Obama and Ashton, they also tried.
  7. tol100v 28 August 2014 21: 52 New
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    Western sanctions are not critical for Russia. But from the point of view of further modernization of our entire industry, they are only positive! This also applies to the military-industrial complex and the agro-industrial complex and other industries that were dying in the lethargic dream of globalization and WTO-sanctions. Sanctions are a kind of doping (kick) for Russia, which it should use for its own good!
  8. Ivan 63
    Ivan 63 28 August 2014 21: 53 New
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    And for some reason I hope that it will be possible to save, for example, on engines and not only, who will give a guarantee that Motor Sich, Yuzhmash and not only will continue to be dill?
  9. gdv
    gdv 28 August 2014 21: 53 New
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    inspired by so-a slander!))
  10. ODERVIT 28 August 2014 21: 54 New
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    Yes. The first business done. With its privatization according to Chubais. And the main blow was delivered by the military-industrial complex. Well, where in what nightmare could the idea of ​​selling shares of defense industry enterprises to foreign shareholders be born. Enemy power and nothing more. Of course, now we have to make titanic efforts to eliminate the consequences and to complete the modernization of the armed forces as soon as possible. And then these southern, not calm neighbors and sanctions. And still I believe, we will not back down.
  11. DPN
    DPN 28 August 2014 21: 55 New
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    Quote: Iline
    A HUGE "thank you" for this to the first President of the USSR and the first President of Russia.

    This scoundrel, and not the presidents, having destroyed the country, went unpunished - JUDAH!
  12. Cadet787
    Cadet787 28 August 2014 21: 55 New
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    28.08.2014 - 21: 29
    A summary from the headquarters of the DPR Ministry of Defense from the fronts for the last day, August 28, 2014.
    Today, 62 servicemen of the internal troops of Ukraine in the region of the Russian settlement Shramko, Matveyev-Kurgan district of the Rostov region appealed to the Russian border guards with a request to pass them on the territory of Russia in order to obtain shelter.
    Last night, army forces of the republics took the settlements of Starchenkovo, Respublika, Zeleniy Yar, Boevoe, Malinovka, Demyanovka, Starodubkovka, Chervonoe Pole, Osipenko. Currently, the operational situation is as follows: units of the defenders of Donbass blocked a section of the route on the Mangush-Osipenko section.

    In Urzuf there are fears. The chances are high that even today the punitive will be completely blocked in the Mariupol "boiler". No one is storming Gorlovka; Ukrainian artillery, as always, is simply shelling residential areas. The attack on Yasinovataya is on, but it seems to have choked. The artillery of the DPR army began artillery training on the positions of Ukrainian punishers near the village of Avdeevka.
    During the night, the punitive continued to intensively shell the infrastructure and residential areas of Donetsk, Lugansk, Makeevka, Mospino and Ilovaysk. The Armed Forces of the DPR and LPR conducted active offensive and ambush actions in all directions. Units of the national guard "Cordon", when trying to get out of the encirclement in the Amvrosievka area, were ambushed and suffered significant losses. Up to 70 enemy troops were killed.
    Under the onslaught of militia forces, the junta forces were forced to retreat from the settlements of Slavyanoserbsk, Krymskoye and Kirovsk. During the clash in the Starobeshevo area, DNR fighters captured four BTR-4, three BMP-2, three 100-mm Rapira anti-tank guns, 2C1 Gvozdika self-propelled artillery, four trucks and two off-road vehicles previously seized by the Nazis from local residents, as well as warehouses with ammunition and military equipment.
    During a fierce battle at n. Novokaterinovka militia fighters destroyed two T-64 tanks, nine infantry fighting vehicles, up to ten vehicles, 24 people surrendered. Losses in the enemy’s manpower are being specified. According to preliminary estimates, during the counterattack of the armies of the DPR and LPR, the punishers suffered significant losses in manpower. The number of dead, wounded and captured exceeds 750 people. More than 130 Ukrainian invaders were captured during the fierce battles alone overnight.
    Offensive operation continues.

    Press Center DNR
  13. bronik 28 August 2014 22: 07 New
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    Who needs operational information on the map
    http://cassad.net/?do=warmarker#

    Interactive and comfortable.
  14. voliador 28 August 2014 22: 07 New
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    The main thing is that these 20 trillion races would not ... publish, as it used to be!
  15. basmach 28 August 2014 22: 15 New
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    Once Napoleon asked the general why he had surrendered the fortress. He replied that he had 19 reasons for surrender. Firstly, the gunpowder ended. After which Napoleon interrupted him and said that he could keep the rest of the 18 reasons for himself. Why. To the fact that there is only one reason, which does not allow the rise of the military-industrial complex, or other important sectors. This reason is the form of ownership. All other reasons (equipment, personnel, etc.) are secondary. No business will invest in a project with a payback of 15-20 years. Private capital generally does not care about the country, the main thing is profit. And if it is more profitable for him to produce something in another country (it is cheaper there), he will do so and do not care about closing factories in his country and its population, money first of all. Almost all the enterprises of our military-industrial complex (as well as the remnants of the once powerful industry) are private. And their owners squeeze everything out of them, trying to invest at a minimum and only when absolutely necessary. Accordingly, they try to do the same. The working man in their concept (and in the concept of many "intillegents and liberals") - an appendage to the machine tool, they are a new support and hope of the country. In general, the current government can and will talk and reason a lot, but things will remain on the same place.
    1. shurup 28 August 2014 23: 19 New
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      Under the tsar, in the interests of the military department, private factories that failed to recover for various reasons were bought into the treasury. Subsequently, they were loaded with military orders in the first place. The exploitation of workers in state-owned and private factories was no different.
      Therefore, if a businessman does not want to invest in profitable long-term projects with guaranteed profit and state insurance against risks, then let him put on an old raspberry-colored jacket and go in for a gop-stop.
  16. Vadim12 28 August 2014 22: 19 New
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    I wonder where the concern "Radioelectronic Technologies" takes components? After all, we almost do not produce electronics? Is it possible to build a modern plant for the production of microchips?
    1. Saburo 29 August 2014 02: 38 New
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      Most likely they are bought from France or Germany, now it is possible that from Korea, but in any case, almost everywhere we have military high-tech electronics - French. A microchip manufacturing plant is not a ball bearing, and the assembly line will have to be bought entirely abroad, and it will most likely be supported, and in this area the lag is at least two to three years old. For some kind of TVs going under the Korean license, this is quite suitable, but not for the military-industrial complex.
  17. Alfizik 28 August 2014 22: 35 New
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    Participation or non-participation of financial institutions in the "defense industry" - verification of owners and shareholders "for lice."
  18. polkovnik manuch 28 August 2014 23: 13 New
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    Discussing real defense spending is inappropriate! How much is needed and give, but the state should tightly control the entire process of work in the defense industry, and "effective managers" - for theft and cutting of state funds, if there are any, just hang up !!! .... well, money must be urgently returned to Russia because of the "hillock", the GDP clearly hinted to everyone who did not understand or was trying to hide away - TO THE TUNDRA WEED! Twenty trillions, twenty trillions - but at least 20 if only Russia would grow stronger from year to year!
  19. Cristall 29 August 2014 01: 00 New
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    Nikolaev Zorya is not mentioned ... there is much worse import substitution than MS ... if MS is a private shop and can be deployed on ter. RF production (it will be obviously more expensive than in Zaporozhye)
    That with ZM it will be difficult.
    In general, they bought it because it was CHEAPER and qualitatively (and by tradition - the Soviet scheme) I am talking about the products of the MC of Kharkov Nikolaev Nikolaev Lugansk ..
    Import substitution is good - but the product will become EXPENSIVE. Cooking by the way does not work either ...
    In general, the price of contracts change .. terms too ...
    Here you need to import specialists with climate and immediately with cities ... and it is difficult to imagine.
  20. Russian_German 29 August 2014 03: 20 New
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    Quote: 1812 1945
    This entire fifth column should hang on poles along the railway lines from St. Petersburg to Moscow - so that the bureaucratic army, plying along this road often, saw what was waiting for "American liberalism - monetarism."

    No, it is better from St. Petersburg to Vladivostok, so that everyone sees, and not just Moscow and St. Petersburg officials.
  21. Russian_German 29 August 2014 03: 27 New
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    Quote: Ivan 63
    And for some reason I hope that it will be possible to save, for example, on engines and not only, who will give a guarantee that Motor Sich, Yuzhmash and not only will continue to be dill?

    Yes, they will not be dill, for sure I say!
  22. Russian_German 29 August 2014 03: 41 New
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    Quote: Ivan 63
    And for some reason I hope that it will be possible to save, for example, on engines and not only, who will give a guarantee that Motor Sich, Yuzhmash and not only will continue to be dill?

    Yes, they will not be dill, for sure I say!
  23. Mestny 29 August 2014 03: 58 New
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    Quote: Grande_Amigo
    get out ???)))

    Count it up?
    Isn’t it joyful? Why so?
  24. mig31 29 August 2014 04: 19 New
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    It is terrible to think, do not come to replace the GDP of Chubais and Gaidars of all stripes, what would happen to the Russian army, not to mention the country itself !!! ??? And yet there is God !, and He protects Russia ....
  25. kostyan77708 29 August 2014 07: 09 New
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    Quote: Aibolit
    On the contrary, this is a huge plus, due to the restoration of the defense industry, they will restore the machine tool industry, which will subsequently work for civilian production. Only modern machine tool industry will give a chance to restore competitive production.

    as well as + a lot of jobs are being created, which is good !!!!!