Military Review

June 20 in Russia celebrates the Day of the specialist mine-torpedo service

24
Every year on June 20 of the Russian Navy honors the specialists of the mine-torpedo service. This professional holiday was established in our country in 1996 by order of the Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy in memory of the first successful use of a mine weapons by our sailors in 1855. We are talking about the distant events of the Crimean War. Nowadays, mine weapons and torpedoes form the basis of the armament of coastal defense troops, whose main tasks include protecting the bases of forces and equipment of the Russian Navy, ports and important sections of the Russian coast. In addition, torpedo weapons are part of the armament of submarines. Their main purpose is defense against underwater fleet enemy and escort escort of missile submarines and surface ships of the Russian fleet.


According to historical sources, Russian sailors first used mines in 1855 during the Crimean War. An Anglo-French squadron entered the Gulf of Finland to attack our naval bases. Their primary goal was Kronstadt. To protect Russian borders, our sailors used mine weapons. As a result of competent laying mines, the enemy lost 4 warships and was forced to abandon the attack on Russian bases.


If we talk about torpedo armament, then the first torpedo was used by the future vice-admiral of the Russian fleet Stepan Makarov during the Russian-Turkish war 1877-1878. On the night of January 14, 1878, Makarov attacked the Intibah Turkish patrol boat, which was stationed on the Batumi raid. The torpedo successfully hit the target, the ship was sunk.

Officers and sailors of the mine-torpedo service showed no less courage and professionalism during the two world wars, defending the borders of our country. During World War I, the main stronghold in the defense of Petrograd was precisely the mine-artillery position, which successfully blocked the Gulf of Finland west of Helsinki. At the same time, the ships of the Baltic Fleet actively installed minefields in front of German bases in the Baltic - Kiel, Memel and Pillau, as well as on the approaches to the bay of Danzig. On the mines established by Russian sailors, only in 1914-1915 years, the German combat vessels 15 (including 3 cruisers and 3 destroyer), as well as enemy 14 transports, were blown up and sank or damaged. Because of this, the German command was first forced to abandon the basing of its ships on the Danzig Bay, and later completely abandon the conduct of offensive operations in the eastern part of the Baltic Sea.

From the very first days of the start of the Great Patriotic War, it became clear that mines would represent the main threat to the ship structure of the Soviet Baltic Fleet. At the same time, they were a serious threat to communications in the Black and Barents Seas. The situation was aggravated by the fact that already from the first days of the war the Germans began to actively use acoustic and ground magnetic mines, which were not studied in the USSR. By the beginning of World War II, the Soviet fleet was provided by minesweepers by only 11,4% of the required number. The provision of contact trawls was at the level of 64,9%. Non-contact trawls began to enter the fleet's armament only by the end of 1941, and the problem of combating bottom mines was basically solved only after the transfer of ships received from the allies to the fleet. For the USSR, the mine war, with all its losses and difficulties, continued even after May 1945, for at least another two decades. Echoes of this war can be heard today, they manifest themselves in the form of suddenly appearing torpedoes and mines from the times of the Great Patriotic War.


In the post-war years, the creation and production of mines and anti-mine weapons rapidly developed, sometimes following a fundamentally new path. Torpedoes-mines, mines-torpedoes, bomb-mines, which were based on new principles of action, began to appear in service with the fleets of different countries. There were mines with a very high degree of resistance to trawling and filled with the most advanced electronics. The use of mines in the local wars of the Cold War era has once again demonstrated their great effectiveness in the war at sea.

The development of new mines and torpedoes continues in our days, although information about this type of weaponry is much less likely to appear in the media. In part, this can be explained by the fact that work on the creation of new types of torpedo mine weapons is conducted with complete secrecy. So, our anniversary participants, specialists of the mine-torpedo service, will need to constantly improve their skills and be ready for any unpleasant "surprises" to appear at the enemy.

Based on open source materials.
Author:
24 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. aszzz888
    aszzz888 20 June 2014 08: 58
    +7
    M T H Happy Holidays! So that the torpedoes do not get stuck, so that the "hinterlands" fall into place and that's all!
  2. denis88
    denis88 20 June 2014 09: 02
    +4
    Happy Holidays!
  3. moremansf
    moremansf 20 June 2014 09: 05
    +6
    Happy holiday miners !!! Health, good luck, prosperity and lack of mines on a life journey !!! Seven feet under the keel!!!
  4. edmed
    edmed 20 June 2014 09: 09
    +1
    From C.A. TOF- Happy Holiday! drinks
  5. Dezzed
    Dezzed 20 June 2014 09: 12
    -7
    Guys, what have you got with these "days"?

    The holiday of the Moped Motor Scooter service is planned.


    if you want, you can drink on simple dates.
    1. edmed
      edmed 20 June 2014 09: 21
      +4
      Quote: DezzeD
      Guys, what have you got with these "days"?

      The holiday of the Moped Motor Scooter service is planned.


      if you want, you can drink on simple dates.

      Drink it for her, while it's still Friday.
      1. muginov2015
        muginov2015 20 June 2014 10: 52
        +3
        This troll has -5 thousand
  6. Boa kaa
    Boa kaa 20 June 2014 09: 17
    +8
    Until recently, torpedo weapons were the main weapon of submarines. Times are changing, but our deep respect for the officers of mine-torpedo combat units does not change. Many of them become starpoms and commanders of Pl, Submarine Unions.
    On the day of a professional holiday - From navigators, first mates, deputies, commanders of "secret ships" - accept, our dear "Romanians", Words of sincere gratitude for your hard work, but so necessary for the crew, sincere congratulations and wishes of health, happiness, fulfillment of cherished desires.
    And let the number of dives always equal the number of ascent! GOOD LUCK!
    1. alex20081308
      alex20081308 20 June 2014 10: 47
      +1
      Special thanks for = Romanians =. It's nice that someone else remembers this = slang =. Happy holiday.
      1. anatoly57
        anatoly57 20 June 2014 12: 57
        +3
        About the "Romanians". Recently I heard a version of the emergence of this name of glorious torpedoists and miners. They say that it arose from the fact that the covers of the first torpedo tubes resembled the caps of Romanian officers. Who knows, maybe there is something in this.
  7. ZU-23
    ZU-23 20 June 2014 09: 19
    +3
    Congratulations!!! Such great things are done by men and no one sees them. laughing .
  8. portoc65
    portoc65 20 June 2014 09: 19
    +2
    Happy Holidays miners !!!!!!!!!!. Now more than ever your homeland needs you .. soldier
  9. yan
    yan 20 June 2014 09: 20
    +2
    Happy holiday, successful hitting goals!
  10. Alex_Popovson
    Alex_Popovson 20 June 2014 10: 07
    +1
    Funny, I didn't know. Although I just finished rereading "Three Ages of Okini-san" by Pikul
  11. chief.matros
    chief.matros 20 June 2014 10: 33
    +2
    Everyone who was happy with the holiday. I - 1988-1991, Tallinn Warhead 3
  12. Yuri11076
    Yuri11076 20 June 2014 10: 34
    +1
    Happy Holiday !!!
    1. Warhead-xnumx
      Warhead-xnumx 20 June 2014 10: 47
      +3
      Thank you all!
      Quote: portoc65
      Now your homeland needs you more than ever

      I do not agree here, I have not been able to recover for a year, there are no places on the Pacific Fleet or on the SF. sad
  13. Ptah
    Ptah 20 June 2014 10: 52
    +6
    Brothers with warhead-3. Who served serves those who are to serve.
    I wish you health, your native "rear", success in service and (God forbid) only peaceful watches !!!
    More modern and new ("fresh") "Ogurtsov" for your management. So that the adversary knows that - "a big ship - a big torpedo!"

  14. RESEARCHER
    RESEARCHER 20 June 2014 11: 02
    0
    WITH HOLIDAY. Thank you for being ahead of the rest in your field of military affairs.
  15. kostya-petrov
    kostya-petrov 20 June 2014 11: 34
    0
    On June 26.06.2014, 636.3, the launch of the second diesel-electric submarine of project XNUMX "Rostov-on-Don" is planned for the Russian Black Sea Fleet. The first diesel-electric submarine "Novorossiysk" is being tested in the Baltic!
    1. jjj
      jjj 20 June 2014 18: 35
      +1
      There it is, like nowadays "diesel engines" are moored by the sides in three hulls. I tried to comprehend the logic. Mosk worn out, but did not finish it
  16. demidoff-59
    demidoff-59 20 June 2014 11: 52
    +2
    Happy holiday, "Romanians" !!! Health and good luck !!! Hurray !!! Hurray !!! Hurray !!!
  17. mithridate
    mithridate 20 June 2014 12: 32
    +1
    Happy holiday, miners!
  18. xomaNN
    xomaNN 20 June 2014 19: 30
    +2
    Colleagues on native torpedoes from all on the warhead-3-happy holiday!
    Although it seems like the Navy’s Day is a more proper holiday for all military commanders fellow
  19. samoletil18
    samoletil18 20 June 2014 22: 23
    +2
    To the heirs of the case of Admiral Makarov Hurray! HOORAY! HOORAY! Happy Holidays, men!
  20. shurup
    shurup 21 June 2014 00: 18
    +1
    Romanians with a personal holiday!
    Although in recent years they have become increasingly rocket and unmanned.
  21. Kir
    Kir 21 June 2014 16: 19
    0
    The people, after all, this year in the doubly significant Theodosius, is ours again !!!, I hope the Ukrainians and their masters didn’t rush and ruin everything there.
  22. Mikhalych63
    Mikhalych63 23 June 2014 04: 39
    +1
    Yes, when I was also released from school by the commander of the БЧ1-4Р ТРЩИЩИКА, but years have passed and a retiree has already passed, only in a different direction.