Military Review

Snake is an island of stumbling

59
The real threat for Ukraine has crept up from the south-western border


The latest events in Ukraine have riveted all the attention of both the international and the Ukrainian public itself, and, as it may seem from the public speeches of the country's leadership, to the conditional "threat from the east." At the same time, events in the southwestern Ukrainian border, where there is a high potential for increasing tensions, remain in the informational shadow. It is primarily about the Romanian-Ukrainian border.

At the beginning of 2014, Ukrainian experts did not rule out the possibility of claims of territorial concessions by the European Union as a condition for further integration contacts. And even the precedent was recalled when the EU took an active part in resolving the territorial dispute between Croatia and Slovenia regarding the Gulf of Piran. But if in this case it was actually a delimitation of borders, then in the situation with Romania the essence of the problem concerns part of Ukraine under historical called Northern Bukovina, which is currently part of the Chernivtsi region of Ukraine. The number of ethnic Romanians in Ukraine reaches 150 thousand. After the events in Kiev in December 2013 - February 2014 in Romania, as yet unofficially, calls began to be heard to protect the Romanians living in Northern Bukovina and Southern Bessarabia (the territory between the Ukrainian cities of Bolgrad and Izmail, as well as part of Moldova). This could be ignored if the tension in Ukrainian-Romanian relations did not have a long history and the precedents for resolving disputes are not in favor of the Ukrainian side.

Snake is an island of stumbling


In the post-Soviet period, the “Romanian question” was highly relevant for the Ukrainian political leadership. If you follow the chronology of events, you can come to disappointing conclusions regarding the gradual surrender of the Ukrainian positions in this problem. Thus, there was a relatively innocent distribution of Romanian passports to Ukrainian citizens (the range of estimates ranges from three to 30 thousands of issued documents), which, despite the formal prohibition of dual citizenship, the Ukrainian authorities could not stop. The apotheosis was the division between the countries of the continental shelf and the determination of the status of Snake Island.

The island before 1948 belonged to Romania, and then went to the Soviet Union. Ukraine considered Snake Island with the right to its own territorial waters, and Romania, in turn, called it a rock without water and plant resources. Ultimately, this affected the process of delimitation of borders between the two countries and the division of the continental shelf.

Unable to agree on their own, the parties referred the case to the International Court of Justice, which recognized Snake Island, but indicated that it should not be taken into account in Ukraine’s favor when determining its exclusive economic zone and division of the continental shelf. Thus, Romania received about 80 percent of its original claims. Regarding Snake itself, it was recognized that this is an island that meets the criteria of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) 1982 of the year, but Ukraine’s rights to draw the border of the economic zone with Snake as part of the coastline of its sovereign territory are not recognized. Politically and publicly, this may well be interpreted as recognition of Kiev’s sovereignty over Snake Island as incomplete or incomplete and, in fact, as the transfer of part of its territory to Romania.

Although formally the island remained with Ukraine, it is believed that the final result soon brought victory to the Romanian side. And finding a compromise did not reduce the tension in relations between the two countries. Along with the above-mentioned policy of issuing Romanian citizenship to Ukrainian residents in 2012, the Romanian authorities expressed dissatisfaction with the growth of activity of the Ukrainian armed forces, primarily aviation, in the Danube region. As you know, it was in 2012 under the Minister of Defense Dmitry Salamatin that there was a sharp increase in the intensity of combat training of the Ukrainian army, which might not have been expected in Bucharest.

It should be noted that as of today, all attempts by Ukraine, regardless of the current government, to strengthen their military grouping in this direction have ended in failure. The deployment of the Ukrainian armed forces, which are practically evenly spread over the entire territory of the country with maximum concentration in the central and western regions (as well as 2014 in Crimea before March), did not in fact imply the presence of large units and divisions in the areas bordering on Romania except for insignificant naval forces in the form of a river battalion in Odessa. Characteristic are the plans of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine of the second half of 2000 for redeployment of the 25th parachute brigade from Dnepropetrovsk to the region of Bolgrad on the border with Romania, which, in turn, was the "heiress" of the Soviet 98th parachute division to bred there from ... Bolgrad. They, however, did not come out on a practical plane.

Unable to increase the number and quality of ships on the Danube, although attempts have been made. In October, 2012-th for the replenishment of the river division were laid two small armored artillery boats project 58155 ("Gyurza-M"). In total, the plans of the State Armaments Program for the period up to 2017 of the year implied the construction of nine such boats, which, it would seem, would be the backbone of the Ukrainian naval group on the Danube. However, in December 2013, the first two pledged boats were removed from construction under the pretext of poor construction quality and technical documentation problems. Obviously, given the current conditions, the replenishment of forces on the Danube will clearly not be a priority.

At the same time, against the background of the degradation of the Ukrainian armed forces in the region and the failure of attempts to strengthen its own grouping at the border, the Romanian armed forces were actively developing. Romania is vigorously increasing its military spending, even despite the winding down of NATO operations in Afghanistan. If in the 2013 year they amounted to 2,68 billion dollars, by 2016 they should grow to 3,25 billion dollars. For comparison: in 2013, the military budget of Ukraine reached the level of 1,9 billion dollars, and in 2014, taking into account additional allocations and the hryvnia exchange rate should be about two billion dollars (although the probability of achieving the planned indicators is very low due to financial and economic situation in the country).

In recent years, Romania from large platforms purchased the 12 F-16A / B fighter jets, seven C-27J Spartan, 31 BMP Piranha LAV III, 60 military vehicles of the MaxxPro Dash minenprotected aircraft, which contrasts sharply with the new pieces of the Ukrainian army and the meager ones volumes of modernization of Soviet technology, which took place in recent years.

Thus, it can be stated that despite a number of factual concessions in territorial disputes, the issue of the Romanian-Ukrainian territorial contradictions has not been removed from the agenda. It is characteristic that even in the conditions of scarcity of the military budget, one of the few examples of real military purchases of Ukraine in the 21st century was precisely the armored boat for use primarily on the Danube and in its mouth, that is, those who had as a potential opponent of the Romanian Navy. And the likelihood of further negative developments in the context of the priority of strengthening the eastern borders of the country and the corresponding military construction cannot be completely ruled out.
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59 comments
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  1. Validator
    Validator April 23 2014 16: 24
    +30

    Xren Rumanian, not Russian Snake Island
    1. nikcris
      nikcris April 23 2014 16: 29
      +9
      Come on ... They will drink or lose wassat
    2. Vadivak
      Vadivak April 23 2014 16: 33
      +10
      Quote: ...
      Snake is an island of stumbling


      Not Crimea, of course, but nothing
      1. svp67
        svp67 April 24 2014 00: 24
        +1
        Quote: Vadivak
        Not Crimea, of course, but nothing

        Not a fig yourself ANYTHING:
        1. The island controls the Danube Delta - that is, NO WHO can pass it by without permission, if necessary ... - of strategic importance, previously there was a base of combat swimmers of the USSR Navy
        2. An ancient Temple is located on the island, in which Achilles is buried ... - historical value
    3. alex-s
      alex-s April 23 2014 16: 34
      +7
      But what about the 21st army in the world? winked
    4. platitsyn70
      platitsyn70 April 23 2014 17: 03
      +2
      Xren Rumanian, not Russian Snake Island
      so the border must be moved at least to romania.
  2. KAPITANUS
    KAPITANUS April 23 2014 16: 25
    +24
    Romanians are very vile, they can only attack the weak. Ukraine is weak, and Romanians have big requests, so nothing can be ruled out.
    1. Vadivak
      Vadivak April 23 2014 16: 34
      +9
      Quote: KAPITANUS
      Romanians are very vile,


      What kind of owner is such a dog
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. SS68SS
      SS68SS April 23 2014 16: 34
      +13
      Quote: KAPITANUS
      Romanians are very vile


      I agree, a very vile and deceitful people. They even managed to fight for the Germans and the Russians even in the Second World War. Thank God nevertheless betrayed Hitler, and not us. Otherwise, we would also have the Romanian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic ...
      1. Semen Semyonitch
        Semen Semyonitch April 23 2014 19: 10
        +5
        Quote: SS68SS
        . Otherwise, we would also have the Romanian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic ...


        We need it?
    4. Flooding
      Flooding April 23 2014 16: 39
      +5
      Quote: KAPITANUS
      Ukraine is weak, and Romanians have big requests, so nothing can be ruled out.

      The Romanians have not yet resolved the issue with Moldova. I doubt very much that they will turn to Ukraine.
      But rumors about the ban on Russian channels in Moldova probably have Romanian traces behind them. I think they would be interested in pumping the situation in Moldova. With a further attempt to repeat the Crimean scenario.
      1. Semen Semyonitch
        Semen Semyonitch April 23 2014 19: 37
        +1
        Quote: Flood
        The Romanians have not yet resolved the issue with Moldova. I doubt very much that they will turn to Ukraine.
        But rumors about the ban on Russian channels in Moldova probably have Romanian traces behind them. I think they would be interested in pumping the situation in Moldova. With a further attempt to repeat the Crimean scenario.


        ... that is, we clean Moldova with a glanders? laughing
    5. nov_tech.vrn
      nov_tech.vrn April 23 2014 17: 00
      +8
      That's right, it's time to withdraw the Russian armed forces to the southern borders, NATO wanted to border with us, it will receive this happiness
    6. sledge
      sledge April 23 2014 20: 01
      +1
      Gypsies. Petty
    7. sledge
      sledge April 23 2014 20: 01
      +1
      Gypsies. Petty
  3. Giant thought
    Giant thought April 23 2014 16: 26
    +14
    Everything can be deployed in our favor if this territory departs again to Russia. Ukrainian lawyers in international affairs are not suitable for our lawyers. Ours will make it so that the Romanians are still to us and must remain.
    1. nikcris
      nikcris April 23 2014 16: 32
      +7
      The right approach. You just have to wait for the annexation of the island by Romania. After that, presenting to the island and shelf from Russia.
      Because like Gigi !!! angry
    2. serega.fedotov
      serega.fedotov April 23 2014 16: 33
      +5
      The best international iskander lawyers! And ash-tree and poplar judges!
    3. nicollider
      nicollider April 23 2014 16: 34
      -2
      the fate of the snake will not be decided by the Romanians, but by the Americans.
      1. nikcris
        nikcris April 23 2014 17: 03
        +1
        If they prosrut, then Russia, as the receiver of the USSR, could return the island to itself, along with the shelves that were pumped up by Ukraine. By right. And then you can shut up the Danube.
        PS For which the Black Sea Fleet does not like - because it did not take Constance at 41 from the face of the earth. Although there were objective reasons, I don’t know ...
        1. kare
          kare April 23 2014 18: 29
          +3
          In the eighteenth century, under Chancellor Gorchakov, there was a dispute because of this, Father Zmeiny
          Everybody got into a bottle without soap
          Who owns the question arose?
          Russia solved the issue simply
          Troops sent there
          The incident has been exhausted.
        2. nikcris
          nikcris April 23 2014 18: 53
          +2
          What am I talking about, .....
  4. psychologist
    psychologist April 23 2014 16: 32
    +11
    Quote: Validator

    Xren Rumanian, not Russian Snake Island
  5. VNP1958PVN
    VNP1958PVN April 23 2014 16: 32
    +4
    While the Americans are not allowed Romanians, they will only dream. And shake like a captured Romanian!
    1. nikcris
      nikcris April 23 2014 16: 38
      +24
      This country in WWII burned Odessa and Stalingrad. Stalin graciously forgave them. He even issued the Order of Victory to cattle. For me, so - a German soldier was an adversary. They hated him, but respected him. And this rat cattle ran around the rear and raped.
      In the ass of them !!!
      1. Very old
        Very old April 23 2014 18: 05
        -1
        You, nikcris, are also polite. You in the ass

        (I can, I'm old, no one will notice) - to the Pass by the island
      2. KAPITANUS
        KAPITANUS April 23 2014 22: 54
        +1
        One hundred percent, Romanians are no warriors, but looters and policemen are excellent.
  6. vorobey
    vorobey April 23 2014 16: 33
    +8
    why did they start to divide the leftovers?

    Oh Romale, change your mind. until the camp went on ....
    1. IRBIS
      IRBIS April 23 2014 17: 41
      +2
      Quote: vorobey
      until the camp went on

      Sanya, not "on ..", but "in ...". Hello!
      1. vorobey
        vorobey April 23 2014 17: 49
        +2
        Quote: IRBIS
        Quote: vorobey
        until the camp went on

        Sanya, not "on ..", but "in ...". Hello!


        Hi Sanya. Yes, even if only if only not in a circle. drinks
  7. mig31
    mig31 April 23 2014 16: 34
    +2
    Why is he not ours yet?
    1. Stiletto
      Stiletto April 23 2014 16: 36
      +2
      Quote: mig31
      Why is he not ours yet?


      Island or Romania? bully
      1. nikcris
        nikcris April 23 2014 16: 39
        +6
        Are you few local gypsies?
  8. nikcris
    nikcris April 23 2014 16: 49
    +2
    In the dashing 90s, his wife sold everything she had to. I continued to build military factories)))
    According to her recollections, the border crossing of Ukraine and Romania looked like this: The whole bus collected scraps and popped the Romanians at the crossing. Those Pts rejoiced Hawk. Up to the crackers.
  9. Rohon
    Rohon April 23 2014 16: 54
    +1
    Everyone who is not too lazy will start to drive the ferret into the Ukrainian garden ........
  10. Fantazer911
    Fantazer911 April 23 2014 17: 06
    +3
    Hello!
    Romania, as it was, is a weak country and will remain, but the fact that they bought lands from Moldovan for a priceless price and Moldovans themselves forced them to work for themselves, they have enough arrogance and too much, it seems that it is time to draw a border from Moldova to Odesa oblast, and throw them ... e Romanian passports out ... n and drive the Romanians themselves into bondage and, in general, said Y. Tymoshenko or Y. Timoshkina how to wet this one with atomic weapons there, I’m exaggerating it, of course, but these boobies it's time to drive in three necks.
  11. Cristall
    Cristall April 23 2014 17: 13
    +6
    yes, a muddy article on the topic - Ukraine is now very weak - that everyone will share it. Will not.
    Especially Romania.
    More emphasis would be what graters we have with them over the Danube - here there are real grandmothers, here there is war in the legal field.
    And we proved the Serpentine to them, and the traitor Yusch leaked everything for "the additional help of joining NATO" ...
    It makes sense to spit for now. However, this is not the point.
    Romanians need the Danube, but for now most of it is Ukrainian. Therefore, the war is "swarm dig" and "complain"
    A piece of my area they do not shine
    1. nikcris
      nikcris April 23 2014 17: 22
      +2
      Dig a new shipping channel - like with your fingers.
      PS And if you're a girl, then sorry for sincerity.
    2. Saratoga833
      Saratoga833 April 23 2014 18: 52
      +7
      In your opinion, the article may be "cloudy", but isn't it time to look at the world not through frosted glass? Ukraine received its "independence" as a powerful state with a good economy, powerful Armed Forces, completely self-sufficient and well-established ties with Russia. So what? For 23 years, your "stewards", with your tacit consent, have plundered and almost destroyed the economy, destroyed the army and sold weapons. Instead of putting things in order in your own house, you began to "Maidan", in all the mess and venality of your "rulers" accused "damned her"! Isn't it time to turn to godfather? Now you have not a state, but a territory torn apart by internal contradictions with a collapsed economy and practically no Armed Forces! If it continues in the same spirit, you will not only lose a "piece of the region", but an underdeveloped island will remain from your former mighty state!
  12. mamont5
    mamont5 April 23 2014 17: 15
    +5
    "A real threat to Ukraine crept from the southwestern border"

    Yes, there Romania is the one that is a predator. Little strength, but arrogance ... Already rolls over.
  13. Humpty
    Humpty April 23 2014 17: 18
    0
    Buy this island from x-o-x-l-o-in and have fun casino and restaurant for the richest people in the world. And with the condition - do not show prices in the menu, payment only in cash. If there was not enough money, cut off ..len.
    I think it will pay off. And the name he would have received, not "Serpentine", but "Ryus-novu".
    1. nikcris
      nikcris April 23 2014 17: 25
      +1
      what is it? what
      hospice?
  14. upasika1918
    upasika1918 April 23 2014 17: 26
    +4
    Two soldi plus three soldi will be ... twenty soldi.
  15. andj61
    andj61 April 23 2014 17: 27
    +1
    Quote: mamont5
    "A real threat to Ukraine crept from the southwestern border"

    Yes, there Romania is the one that is a predator. Little strength, but arrogance ... Already rolls over.

    Romania is a predator? This ferret is not afraid of anyone.
    1. Saratoga833
      Saratoga833 April 23 2014 18: 59
      +2
      This is not terrible for Russia and for any normal state. And on the ownerless territory there are always those who wish!
  16. serge
    serge April 23 2014 17: 30
    +4
    Kaiser Wilhelm asked the chief of the German General Staff Moltke how he was preparing for a potential Romanian speech. The answer was: “We do not care, Your Majesty, on whose side Romania will enter the war. If it enters ours, we will need ten divisions to save it from defeat, if it is against us, then it will take the same ten divisions to defeat it. Therefore, there is no difference. ”
  17. Barakuda
    Barakuda April 23 2014 17: 33
    +5
    Plaque fly! Emotion rod!
    What could I think in the 90s that some Romania (no offense to the Romanians) would make claims .. And what Ukraine will give them the territory ..? A shame..
    On Snake, they are still trying to search for artifacts of the ancient Greeks, the result is not found corpses of seekers.
    1. nikcris
      nikcris April 23 2014 17: 55
      +2
      Well, what recourse
      Lithuania-Latvia-Estonia exposes Russia.
      True, last sitting in Turkey I sit at a lured bar. I enjoy the sea. She grabs the girl-croos, rotten hair and punk: Can you pour me some water? I myself am from Lithuania ... I did not expect such arrogance in an expensive hotel. He complained to the Turk - the trash was expelled to Europe.
  18. IGS
    IGS April 23 2014 17: 35
    +2
    I propose to give this island to the Americans! All! ... Everyone! ... without the right to leave wassat
  19. Reserve officer
    Reserve officer April 23 2014 17: 36
    +7
    An island must be negotiated with Russia, the successor of the Soviet Union.
  20. nikcris
    nikcris April 23 2014 17: 46
    +2
    Quote: upasika1918
    Two soldi plus three soldi will be ... twenty soldi.

    23, mathematics, optel.
  21. O. BENDER
    O. BENDER April 23 2014 17: 51
    0
    I suggest using this island, as the island of Novaya Zemlya used. Joke.
    1. Aljavad
      Aljavad April 24 2014 01: 09
      0
      use this island as used by the Novaya Zemlya joke.

      Silly joke! Don't mess with IT anymore!
  22. buzer
    buzer April 23 2014 17: 58
    +5
    Ukraine is not lucky with the islands ...
    no luck even with the peninsulas ...
    1. Saratoga833
      Saratoga833 April 23 2014 19: 10
      +3
      And it will not be lucky as long as Ukraine is a Wild Field!
  23. Sergei75
    Sergei75 April 23 2014 19: 04
    +1
    Zadolbalo is the UN, maybe they will consider the Cyprus issue, there the Turks chopped off a piece.
  24. sv68
    sv68 April 23 2014 19: 31
    +1
    if you give Romania, you populate it with the most poisonous snakes in the world so that it refutes its name. But in general, the snake like all ukroina-Russian territories
    1. does it
      does it April 23 2014 19: 53
      0
      Quote: sv68
      if you give romania then populate it with the most venomous snakes in the world so that he refutes his name. and in general snake like all ukroina-Russian territories

      In antiquity, when this island belonged to the Greek colonies, the TEMPLE of Achilles was built on it, and to dare the curious, and so on. The priests bred poisonous snakes on it. Traces of the temple were lost over time and the legends remained. In the nineties I read an article about a soldier who fell into a hole either roofing felts in a crack in rocky ground, in short, got into a dungeon to which he wandered for a long time and constantly felt someone's gaze bumping into a pile of "bones" in the dark, took one for self-defense and when he got out the bone turned out to be an ancient Greek dart and on the sole of this soldier's boot they found a gold adhering coin. After reading the article, I almost got busy. crying treasure hunting.
  25. Leshka
    Leshka April 23 2014 19: 35
    0
    Romanians will soon grab their piece
  26. Black
    Black April 23 2014 20: 41
    +2
    Romania is a NATO member and, accordingly, any of its direct or retaliatory action against it will concern the entire NATO bloc .... What is NATO going to fight "snake"? You don't need to pump it ...
  27. The comment was deleted.
  28. Sergey S.
    Sergey S. April 23 2014 22: 39
    +1
    Quote: Chen
    Romania is a NATO member and, accordingly, any of its direct or retaliatory action against it will concern the entire NATO bloc .... What is NATO going to fight "snake"? You don't need to pump it ...

    Neither Ukraine, NATO, nor Sashka passed the test in Crimea.
    Now we are checking these talkers to the southeast.
    Later. I hope we check them out for the rest of Ukraine.
    And there is already the turn of Moldova. But Transnistria, as a sign of respect for the people, will necessarily be a self-dependent subject of the Russian Federation.
  29. Balaganov
    Balaganov April 24 2014 09: 13
    +1
    about. The serpent was chopped off by the Turks and annexed to Romania by the decision of the Berlin Congress of 1884.