Military Review

The Iskander missile system is a weighty argument for the protection of national interests

The Iskander missile system is a weighty argument for the protection of national interests

In an effort to win the arms market, China began to produce for export its own ballistic missile M-20. But in this situation, the question arises - is it a rocket of its own, and not a copy of our Russian Iskander missile system? The M-20 ballistic missile is a whole missile system, which includes two 3-4-ton missiles, placed on a powerful truck, simultaneously performing the functions of a launcher and a conveyor. In recent years, China has increasingly resorted to such a rather unpleasant task as copying foreign weapons systems with their subsequent export, but under their own brand. At the moment, China has not provided information with a detailed description of the technical characteristics of the missile complex, but if a large number of matches are found between Iskander and M-20, then a lengthy litigation may well begin.

The Iskander missile system was developed in 80's, but the first successful launch was carried out only in 1996. The ballistic missile weighs 3,8 tons, is equipped with a solid-fuel engine and has a range from 280 to 400 kilometers. Rocket charge is 400 kilograms. The rocket may be in storage for no more than ten years. Russia exports several different types of warheads, including cluster, thermobaric and electromagnetic. The only part that is not exported is the nuclear warhead. The missile’s target guidance system is highly accurate; for this, GPS and infrared guidance are used in the final part of the trajectory. The warhead strikes a target with an accuracy of up to 10 meters. For the transportation of missiles used 20-tonne four-axle machine, which is also a launch platform. There is also a special transport-loading machine that transports two additional missiles.

Solid Iskander was created to replace the ballistic missiles of operational and tactical purposes of the Soviet era, the SS-23. Prior to 1991, the SS-23 should have been obligatorily removed from service and destroyed, this was stipulated in the terms of the Treaty on the Elimination of Medium and Small-Range Ballistic Missiles. The agreement was adopted in 1987 year and provided for a ban on the presence in service of missiles with a range from 500 to 5300 kilometers.

For a long time, Russia unsuccessfully tried to find foreign buyers on the Iskander. At first, South Korea, Syria, Kuwait, Singapore, India, Iran, the United Arab Emirates and Malaysia showed some interest in the Iskander missile systems. The export version of the Iskander-E complex has a much shorter range of flight - 280 kilometers, as well as somewhat reduced possibilities of electronic suppression for the main warhead. Despite the manifestation of interest by many countries, only Iran expressed readiness to purchase the complex, but with a high degree of probability we can say that these deliveries will not be made due to the effect of international sanctions prohibiting deliveries to the country weapons offensive type. Today, Iskander has been withdrawn from export offers, and its manufacturers work only for the domestic market. So, the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation has already purchased 30 self-propelled launchers, and there is a certainty that this is not the last order.

At first, Russia planned to create five Iskander missile brigades, which should include 60 self-propelled launchers and 150 missiles. Commercial production "Iskander" was established three years ago, and at the moment they are equipped with only three brigades.

In the 2008 year, due to the decision of the United States to deploy its missile defense systems in close proximity to the Russian border, the government decided to deploy Iskander complexes in the Kaliningrad region, and it is possible that this decision made the United States change its decision and sit at the negotiating table on the creation of a joint Russia-US missile defense system.

The main reason why Americans are afraid of "Iskander", lies in particular the rocket. A ballistic missile launched from the Iskander launcher does not rise beyond the upper atmosphere, but flies along a flat trajectory. Thanks to this property, the rocket can evade and drop radar traps. Given these abilities, anti-missile systems are much more difficult to destroy. From all of the above, we can conclude that the Iskander missile system is an excellent argument in solving complex issues related to national security.

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  1. New nato
    New nato April 24 2011 10: 03
    The recent outbreak in Israel. The Jews shot down 10 Grad missiles. How many anti-missile missiles have been destroyed, it is not clear that the terrorist attack has come to an end. Do you Russians want to have a NATO Iskander near St. Petersburg under the cover of the Airon Dom missile defense system? Guys, what are you? sane?
    1. nnz226
      nnz226 22 September 2011 01: 07
      During the "Desert Storm" in 1991, Iraq launched several dozen "Scuds" across Israel, which were removed from service in the USSR in 1965-70; the American "Patriots" were able to shoot down ) 30% of flying missiles - ONLY ONLY! The rest, due to obsolescence, either did not fly, or did not get there. So the NATO members have nothing to oppose the Iskander missiles, it's a pity the range is too small, maybe by attaching an extra step during “H” time, raise it to 1500-2000 km? So that Europe is imbued?
    2. bistrov.
      bistrov. 30 January 2012 21: 48
      As far as the Grad system is known, this is a MLRS. The rocket is unguided. It is almost impossible to bring it down with anything. How will you shoot down an artillery shell?
      1. ab
        ab 30 January 2012 22: 15
        Quote: bistrov.
        As far as the Grad system is known, this is a MLRS. The rocket is unguided. It is almost impossible to bring it down with anything. How will you shoot down an artillery shell?

        The Israel Defense Forces formed a battalion as part of the air defense, which will develop and then manage the Iron Dome system. The system will initially be deployed along the border with Gaza, then also on the Lebanese border. [4]

        [edit] Combat use

        The first two complexes were deployed in March-April 2011 near Ashkelon and Be'er Sheva to protect against missiles from the Gaza Strip. During shelling of Israeli territory from the Gaza Strip in April 2011, 8 Grad missiles from 8 launched over cities covered by the system were shot down using the system. The Iron Dome also shot down the Grad rocket launched by Ashkelon. [5
        1. GRU Special Forces
          GRU Special Forces 29 February 2012 21: 18
          and if you shoot at Ashkelon from 150 and hail wonder how many Jews will miss goals from 10000 missiles? _)))
  2. LEKHA
    LEKHA April 24 2011 15: 19
    what a nonsense
  3. R'RёS,R ° F "RёR№
    R'RёS,R ° F "RёR№ April 27 2011 14: 15
    Well done !!!
  4. datur
    datur April 27 2011 17: 12
    New nato, Israel is the birthplace of elephants, and GRAD and ISKANDER are slightly different things. Yes, and we are not Hamaz
  5. asavchenko59
    asavchenko59 10 September 2011 05: 28
    One sensible blogger suggested placing the Iskanders along the borders with the European Union and inviting them to conclude a pact with us on the non-targeting of the Iskanders to Europe. This will be a great response to Euro-PRO.
  6. Vlad7461
    Vlad7461 15 December 2011 21: 15
    Iskander probably induced by GLONAS, not GPS?
  7. NickitaDembelnulsa
    NickitaDembelnulsa 26 December 2011 13: 43
    Whoever looks after us, the complete "Iskander"
  8. El13
    El13 13 January 2012 13: 30
    Quote: Vlad7461
    Iskander probably induced by GLONAS, not GPS?

    also cut the eye similar information ...