Military Review

Air Defense Day

81
Air Defense Day is a relatively young holiday. For the merits of the air defense forces during the Great Patriotic War, as well as for fulfilling tasks of special importance in peacetime, by decree of the USSR Armed Forces 20 in February 1975, a new national holiday was established in the country - the Day of the Air Defense Forces, which was celebrated on 11 April. In 1980, the holiday was postponed to the second Sunday of April. In Russia, the date of the celebration remained unchanged. In 2014, the Day of Air Defense Forces fell on April 13.


The establishment of the holiday date for April is not accidental due to the fact that it was this month that the most important government decrees on the organization of air defense were adopted, which became the basis for building the national air defense system, the air defense organizational structure, their formation and further modernization and development. Wherein история Air defense, as a special type of armed support for the troops in the defense of the country, has been around for more than a decade.

In Russia, the first air defense units appeared at the beginning of World War I in December 1914. They were designed to deal with German and Austrian airplanes. It was then that the first anti-aircraft artillery appeared in the Russian army. Then, to cover the largest cities of the country, special aviation detachments, floodlights and barrage balloons began to be used, a special air surveillance and warning service was organized.

Air Defense Day

The Great Patriotic War became a real test and full baptism of fire for the country's air defense forces. Of particular note are the air battles that unfolded in the sky over Moscow, Leningrad, the Kursk Bulge, in which German aircraft suffered heavy losses, including from the fire of Soviet anti-aircraft artillery. In total, during the war years, the air defense forces of the Soviet Union shot down about 7,5 thousand enemy aircraft, destroyed more than 1 thousand tanks and more than 1,5 thousand enemy guns. At the same time, the air defense forces managed to protect many cities, enterprises, bridges, railway communications and other important infrastructure from destruction.

In the postwar years, the development of air defense forces in our country did not stop. The troops were constantly staffed with new anti-aircraft artillery, new anti-aircraft missile systems, fighter aircraft, and radio-technical troops received new, modern equipment. In the 1950-ies in the air defense forces emerged as a kind of troops, anti-aircraft missile troops (ZRV) and radio engineering troops (RTV). In 1977, the formation of anti-missile and anti-space defense forces was completed in the USSR (from 1992, they were called the Space and Rocket Defense Forces).

Today, air defense troops exist in the structure of the Ground Forces and the Air Force of Russia. Air Defense Forces (SV) is a branch of the SV troops, which is designed to cover objects and troops from the actions of enemy air attacks during combined-arms operations (combat operations), regroupings (marches) and on-site operations. The following main tasks are assigned to the air defense forces: to carry out combat duty on air defense; conducting reconnaissance of the air enemy and timely notification of troops; the defeat of the enemy’s air attack weapons in flight; participation in the implementation of missile defense in theaters. Anti-aircraft missile forces (ZRV) - a branch of the Russian Air Force, which is armed with air defense systems and air defense systems, which constitute the main fire force in the air defense system. They are designed to protect high-level military and government control units, troops (forces) groups, and the most important economic and industrial facilities from attacks by the enemy’s aerospace attack against air attacks.


For the period up to 2020, the main directions of development of military air defense is a consistent increase in the number of units of constant combat readiness and their acquisition of the most modern anti-aircraft missile systems and systems (air defense systems and air defense systems). First of all, we are talking about C-300В4 air defense systems, Tor-М2 and Buk-М3 air defense systems, as well as the latest MANPADS. All of these systems differ from their illustrious predecessors in multi-channel and high degree of noise immunity. The main direction of development of the anti-aircraft missile forces of the Russian Air Force is to improve the ZRV groups and increase their capabilities by adopting modern C-400 medium-range and long-range air defense systems, C-500 long-range, and Pantsir-S short-range ZRPK ( SM) ”and the modernization of already existing medium-range C-300PM aids to the C-300PM2 level.

In Russia, the training of highly professional personnel for the air defense units is carried out by the Military Academy of the East Kazakhstan region Marshal of the Soviet Union G. K. Zhukov (Tver), as well as the Military Space Academy. Mozhaisky (St. Petersburg) and its branch of the Military Space Academy. A.F. Mozhaisky (Yaroslavl), Training Center for Anti-aircraft Missile Forces (Gatchina), Center for Training Specialists of Radio-Technical Forces (Vladimir).

Currently, the Russian air defense system rightfully deserves the title of one of the best in the world. This was announced on the eve of the Day of the Air Defense Forces by Major General Andrei Demin, who is the commander of the Air Defense and Missile Defense Command of the Russian Aerospace Defense Forces. The modern Russian C-300 and C-400 air defense systems, as well as the Pantsir-C1 air-defense missile system (ZRPK), are able to destroy any air target, including the possibility of striking the ballistic missile warheads of the likely enemy.


Commenting on the words of the representatives of the American military command that the Russian air defense system is one of the best in the world, Andrei Demin noted that this is a worthy appreciation from a worthy opponent. Today we fully comply with this assessment and in the future, I hope, we will continue to comply. At present, the airborne alert forces on duty are on duty around the clock, carrying out radar detection and tracking of various air targets to 800, of which continuous radar monitoring is carried out daily to 90 aircraft with the transfer of all information to the air defense command center.

Based on materials from open sources
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  1. Same lech
    Same lech April 13 2014 07: 26
    +20
    Currently, the Russian air defense system rightfully deserves the title of one of the best in the world.



    I wanted her to be not just one of the best, but ... the best in the world ... so that potential lovers of democracy on aircraft carriers would not have a single chance of success.
    1. Serge_SB
      Serge_SB April 13 2014 09: 06
      +4
      She was the best in 80's
      1. Vitaly Anisimov
        Vitaly Anisimov April 13 2014 09: 27
        +13
        Happy holiday Pvošniki! Thanks to you, Russia keeps itself as an independent and strong state ... (after the Strategic Rocket Forces)!
        1. Commander
          Commander April 13 2014 14: 32
          +5
          Our sky wakes up clear - we shoot from the S-300 !!!
          1. Andrey Yuryevich
            Andrey Yuryevich April 13 2014 16: 02
            +5
            Quote: Commander
            Our sky wakes up clear - we shoot from the S-300 !!!

            purity will expand; we have the S-400! and take off to heights when they accept-500! soldierArberes dear to me yes sniper and major, of course say better! hi
        2. kotvov
          kotvov April 13 2014 17: 28
          +6
          I congratulate all those who served and are serving in the air defense. I, too, from these glorious troops.
        3. The comment was deleted.
        4. Stalker
          Stalker April 13 2014 18: 28
          +10
          Happy holiday !!! Good luck !! drinks laughing
      2. The comment was deleted.
      3. ele1285
        ele1285 April 13 2014 14: 12
        +4
        Quote: Serge_SB
        She was the best in 80's

        Thank you for your congratulations. 1300 ZRP, 23 enclosures, 11 OA.1987-1989
    2. maks-101
      maks-101 April 13 2014 10: 01
      +4
      she is one of the best and these are the words of world military experts. Who has something better write to argue.
      1. ele1285
        ele1285 April 13 2014 14: 20
        +1
        Quote: maks-xnumx
        Who has something better write to argue.

        We bet Belarusians are not idiots either, our equipment, but their staff. It all depends on the people
    3. Ross
      Ross April 13 2014 10: 23
      +19
      Happy holiday of the defenders of our sky! Thank you for the peaceful sky friends! drinks
      1. Grenader
        Grenader April 13 2014 13: 06
        +4
        All anti-aircraft gunners on a holiday !!! In the morning, congratulated his father, he served on the second ring of Moscow's air defense.
        1. ele1285
          ele1285 April 13 2014 14: 21
          0
          Quote: Grenader
          In the morning, congratulated his father, he served on the second ring of Moscow's air defense.

          No secret where?
          1. Grenader
            Grenader April 13 2014 15: 41
            0
            Quote: ele1285
            No secret where?


            Under Dolgoprudny.
    4. Andrey Yuryevich
      Andrey Yuryevich April 13 2014 15: 59
      +1
      Quote: The same Lech
      Currently, the Russian air defense system rightfully deserves the title of one of the best in the world.



      I wanted her to be not just one of the best, but ... the best in the world ... so that potential lovers of democracy on aircraft carriers would not have a single chance of success.

      so that there is not even a desire to "touch" her! Happy Air Defense Forces! You are at the very front line! soldier
    5. Interface
      Interface April 13 2014 19: 47
      +3
      Our motto is: "We don't fly ourselves, we don't let others!" Air Defense - Happy Holidays!
  2. Renat
    Renat April 13 2014 07: 29
    +16
    Happy holiday, colleagues. Happy Air Defense Forces. And do not forget, guys, that air defense as before means - Wait, Fulfill, Cancel.
    1. ele1285
      ele1285 April 13 2014 14: 25
      +1
      Quote: Renat
      Happy holiday, colleagues. Happy Air Defense Forces. And do not forget, guys, that air defense as before means - Wait, Fulfill, Cancel.

      Especially "grandfathers" I remember when I was 87, they did not have anything canceled on September 1, the leaves on the birch should be yellow, the rest is not enough .... factor, even if it is crusty.
  3. duchy
    duchy April 13 2014 07: 32
    +13
    Dear friends. I congratulate everyone on the holiday, I wish you health, success, happiness and a clear sky over our Motherland! drinks
  4. Riperbahn
    Riperbahn April 13 2014 07: 34
    +15
    Happy holiday to all those who served in the air defense!
    1. Riperbahn
      Riperbahn April 13 2014 13: 17
      +2
      Liepaja Guards Red Banner Orders of Suvorov 2 degree and Kutuzov 2 degree 158 ZRBr 27 corps 6 Separate Leningrad Air Defense Army.
      1. ele1285
        ele1285 April 13 2014 14: 30
        +1
        Quote: Riperbahn
        Liepaja Guards Red Banner Orders of Suvorov 2 degree and Kutuzov 2 degree 158 ZRBr 27 corps 6 Separate Leningrad Air Defense Army.

        1300 ZRP, 23 of a separate building, 11 OA anti-aircraft defense, served in Grodekovo (Border), all missiles WITH HOLIDAY !!!
        75 and 125 complexes were on the 586 site shooting perfectly, I am still proud.
        Glory to the Empire !!!
  5. AID.S
    AID.S April 13 2014 07: 34
    +16
    Well, for a peaceful sky above our heads! To everyone.
  6. andrei332809
    andrei332809 April 13 2014 07: 34
    +20
    happy holiday! and thanks for the peaceful sky!
    1. Backbone
      Backbone April 13 2014 16: 10
      +2
      Thanks for the video! Happy holiday air defense!
  7. Al_lexx
    Al_lexx April 13 2014 07: 42
    +14
    Colleagues, all a Happy holiday and clear skies!
    drinks
    1. ele1285
      ele1285 April 13 2014 14: 36
      +1
      Quote: Al_lexx
      Colleagues, all a Happy holiday and clear skies!
      drinks

      Brother, you too.
      We began to build platforms in Moscow. May God be all over Russia.
      Not a single ghoul will shed.
  8. mamont5
    mamont5 April 13 2014 07: 42
    +10
    Happy holiday of our anti-aircraft gunners! Happy Air Defense Day!
  9. sanek0207
    sanek0207 April 13 2014 07: 44
    +8
    POWER STRENGTH !!!
  10. major071
    major071 April 13 2014 07: 45
    +16
    To all who cherish our peaceful sky - with a holiday!
  11. Name
    Name April 13 2014 07: 46
    +10
    HOLIDAY, PEACEFUL SKY OF RUSSIA UNDER YOUR RELIABLE PROTECTION! soldier drinks
  12. Rohon
    Rohon April 13 2014 07: 52
    +9
    HOLIDAY, PEACEFUL SKY OF RUSSIA UNDER YOUR RELIABLE PROTECTION!
    soldier drinks soldier
  13. rrrd
    rrrd April 13 2014 08: 11
    +10
    HAPPY HOLIDAY! drinks we are first
  14. Afinogen
    Afinogen April 13 2014 08: 11
    +16
    HOLIDAY !!!!!!! drinks

  15. lewerlin53rus
    lewerlin53rus April 13 2014 08: 22
    +22
    RTV air defense. Vladimir We don’t fly and don’t give it to others! soldierThere are two Ukrainians next to me. There have never been any problems. We still communicate.
    1. lelikas
      lelikas April 13 2014 14: 26
      +3
      And he’s a man, even wherever - he served in the air defense © G. Sukachev laughing
      Happy holiday, fly mixers!
  16. Gray 43
    Gray 43 April 13 2014 08: 27
    +10
    Happy Holidays !!!!! Thanks to you, off-white mongrels only decide to shout in our direction, but no more, otherwise they will look sooooo pale
  17. ASSARU
    ASSARU April 13 2014 08: 29
    +12
    Glory to Russia
    Two air defense soldiers will replace you at least someone \
    Two soldiers from the construction battalion replace the excavator
    1. SRC P-15
      SRC P-15 April 13 2014 09: 48
      +10
      Quote: ASSARU
      Two air defense soldiers will replace you at least someone \
      Two soldiers from the construction battalion replace the excavator

      We used to say: "Two soldiers from the construction battalion replace the excavator, and the soldier from the air defense replaces it himself!" He served just at the time of the adoption of the decree on the celebration of the "Day of the Air Defense Forces", in Belarus. Happy holiday to all of you who gave years of service in these branches of the armed forces! Happy Air Defense Day! drinks
  18. zinander
    zinander April 13 2014 08: 50
    +14
    We are air defense soldiers, we were created in order to get the guys from the Air Force out of heaven !!! 9 radio engineering team Nizhny Novgorod. Happy Holiday !!!!
  19. GRDS
    GRDS April 13 2014 08: 55
    +11
    441405. Congratulations to all on a holiday! Today is Palm Sunday is a double holiday, the Slavs!
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. siberalt
      siberalt April 13 2014 10: 49
      +9
      "Palm Sunday" is something from the symbiosis of the Russian Vedic faith and Christianity. And for us Russians there would be a reason - there will be a holiday. And I congratulate you! We have willow branches with fluffy buds at 3 re apiece. But, they are more beautiful than Dutch roses. And the most interesting thing is that they germinate in the soil after a month. And how many Russian songs about the willow, the weeping willow and the redhead? I was crying. crying Russia is invincible! Because with the soul. good
  20. igorspb
    igorspb April 13 2014 08: 55
    +13
    Happy Air Defense Forces all involved! Hooray! Hooray! Hooray!
  21. mabuta
    mabuta April 13 2014 08: 56
    +13
    Very important type of troops, especially at this time. Thank you for the clear sky. WITH HOLIDAY BROTHERS !!!
  22. ZU-23
    ZU-23 April 13 2014 08: 59
    +11
    Happy Air Defense Day !!! Strong troops can not be said.
  23. Bombardier Falcon
    Bombardier Falcon April 13 2014 09: 01
    +14
    Happy Air Defense Forces!
  24. alex67
    alex67 April 13 2014 09: 06
    +13
    ALL AIR WARRIORS WITH HOLIDAY!
    HEALTH, HAPPINESS AND PEACE !!!
    AVIATIONS OF SUCCESSFUL FLIGHTS, AND TO ROCKERS - EXCELLENT SHOOTING ... soldier drinks
  25. Captainden
    Captainden April 13 2014 09: 26
    +8
    In my humble face MVISRA Air Defense congratulates all colleagues on the holiday!
  26. Horly
    Horly April 13 2014 09: 27
    +8
    Happy Country Air Defense Forces! So this holiday was called before! Happy Holidays, dear colleagues, from 6 OA!
  27. avt
    avt April 13 2014 09: 57
    +7
    Wait Execute Cancel laughing Happy Holiday! drinks Now they’ll throw up new equipment and it will be very good! good
  28. tundra
    tundra April 13 2014 10: 17
    +6
    WITH HOLIDAYS GUYS !!!!!!! fellow AND FOR YOU HURRY !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
  29. siberalt
    siberalt April 13 2014 10: 26
    +6
    In Russia, the army is always remembered when the real threat of an invasion is brewing. Moreover, with any social formation. And always with the same outcome - a revision of boundaries and not only in consciousness. The world is really at an impasse. And only Russia will indicate the way out of it.
  30. Fedya Sukhov
    Fedya Sukhov April 13 2014 10: 29
    +8
    Happy holiday! Thank you for the peaceful sky above your head! And we will always remember how in Grozny Shilki with the Tungusks were with us side by side! Eternal memory to the guys who did not return! Raise the third for them today!
  31. Roman Skomorokhov
    Roman Skomorokhov April 13 2014 10: 29
    +8
    Happy holiday to all the keepers of the sky! Health, good luck, keen eyes and hard hands!

    All violators - to the ground. Nefig suit Lavrov will grind!
  32. densh
    densh April 13 2014 10: 30
    +11
    According to legends that have reached us, the first anti-aircraft gunner in Russia was one of the epic heroes who shot down the shafts of the flying Serpent-Gorynych (as one friend of mine claims laughing ). So our air defense have a glorious past good . I congratulate the air defense troops on their holiday and wish them a decent future. drinks
  33. Boa kaa
    Boa kaa April 13 2014 10: 34
    +8
    If the Navy will have the same air defense as the country, then any tasks in the ocean zone will be solved!
    WELCOME TO YOU, DEFENDERS OF PEACEFUL SKY OF THE HOMELAND !!!
  34. kimyth1
    kimyth1 April 13 2014 10: 38
    +7
    Happy Air Defense !!!! Keep your tail with a gun !!!!! :-)
  35. Azaat
    Azaat April 13 2014 10: 43
    +6
    Happy holiday missile air defense! "Zvezda" has already congratulated.
  36. demoniac1666
    demoniac1666 April 13 2014 10: 44
    +7
    They themselves do not fly and do not give others! Hooray, comrades, WELCOME TO YOU !!! drinks
  37. DAEDALUS
    DAEDALUS April 13 2014 10: 48
    +5
    Happy Air Defense!
  38. Deadmen
    Deadmen April 13 2014 10: 48
    +7
    Glory to the air defense. Glory to the Russian soldier! From the heart of health and strength of spirit!
  39. pensioner
    pensioner April 13 2014 10: 51
    +9
    Congratulations to all involved! I am proud that at one time I made my very modest, of course, but my own, personal contribution to the production of air defense systems.
  40. Bixas
    Bixas April 13 2014 10: 52
    +9
    Air defense troops in combat time are on alert! So it was written in our school. Happy holiday, friends!
  41. Vbxbk
    Vbxbk April 13 2014 11: 02
    +11
    Happy Holidays!
  42. Navy7981
    Navy7981 April 13 2014 11: 06
    +7
    Happy to congratulate !!!
  43. parus2nik
    parus2nik April 13 2014 11: 09
    +10
    Happy holiday! Remember? Two soldiers from the construction battalion replace the excavator, and one of the air defense replaces at least someone! Once again with a holiday! drinks
  44. ran nearby
    ran nearby April 13 2014 11: 21
    +8
    I am happy to congratulate all the servants on the holiday, air defense day !!!
    For air defense drinks drinks drinks
  45. Romanychby
    Romanychby April 13 2014 11: 32
    +4
    Brothers, with the holiday of all !!!! Enemy files do not slip !!!!!
  46. Russ69
    Russ69 April 13 2014 11: 39
    +9
    C HOLIDAY, GUARD THE SKY !!!
    1. kotvov
      kotvov April 13 2014 17: 41
      0
      we don’t fly ourselves and don’t give others ...... well, I wouldn’t say that, during my service, fighter regiments also entered the air defense forces.
  47. Oml
    Oml April 13 2014 11: 40
    +7
    One of the directions of our Armed Forces, where we really have a leading place.
  48. Konstantm
    Konstantm April 13 2014 12: 11
    +8
    Air Defense Forces of the Country- Hurray !!! HOORAY!!! URAAAAA !!!!!
  49. Colonel
    Colonel April 13 2014 12: 23
    +8
    Happy Holidays, guys !!!
    The sky rose in Russian;
    Everywhere starts, everywhere starts
    Beat towards, beat after -
    To remember the Pentagon!
    Fighters rumble -
    They want to break through to the line.
    Our pilot, sick of wounds.
    He made the seventh ram.
    Although the Tornado backed away
    All the same it is necessary to "make" them.
    For children, sisters and wives
    Guys climb on the rampage.
    Our pilots shone
    Details are pouring from the sky.
    Dry like bags in the box
    Foreign guts.
    Triumphant Russian Avenger
    The commander is wearing a tunic.
    Only the politician is pale
    His head hurts ...
  50. gispanec
    gispanec April 13 2014 12: 30
    +7
    Urgent from 87 to 89 - training under the capital with subsequent service at the Higher School of Air and Naval Aviation named after Yu In Andropov near St. Petersburg .... happy holiday !! and a glass for us for all !! hooray hooray !!