Here is the hunting variant of our expert SKS
After the joint press conference of Interior Minister Arsen Avakov, Acting Deputy Minister 3, held on April Prosecutor General Oleg Makhnitsky and the head of the Security Service of Ukraine Valentin Nalyvaychenko, as well as after their further comments by the media in the shooting of protesters on the Maidan, some clarity appeared: according to security officials, defenseless people killed the “Berkut” and the special division of the Security Service of Ukraine “Alpha” as if in a shooting gallery. ". However, many experts doubt this and believe that they have made scapegoats of servicemen, and true snipers still remain in the shadows. Is it so?
To begin with, we note that some of the domestic media, taking up the search for firing positions of snipers, showed surprising incompetence. For example, on one of the TV channels, they showed how a journalist, having climbed onto the roof of the Ukrainian house, allegedly found the sniper's “bed”, and cartridges from the Kalashnikov assault rifle and SKS (Simonov self-loading karabiner) in a meter or two and a half meters from it.
What can be said about this? A professional sniper equips ammunition at home, and completing the assignment does not leave them at the crime scene. Of course, he could be frightened, and he instantly withdrew from the point. But in this case, where the linerSo, he collected them, and left the cartridges for all to see? The journalist pointed to bipod tracks left on the roof rails. However, not a single shooter will do this, since there can be no question of any accuracy, because weapon will slide on the support (and in the program talked about getting into the heart and head of the victims). The sniper usually either lies or sits, but from the viewers' place of “bed” he could not reach the cartridges, there are no people in the world with such long arms.
Now let's talk about the SCS. By the way, and. about. Prosecutor General Oleg Makhnitsky said that the GPU was investigating a criminal case over the death of 76 people on the Maidan and it was established that employees of the "Berkut" who had the authority to use automatic weapons and sniper rifles "worked" for the rally. According to him, they fired aimed fire precisely from the structured cable network from the building of the Ukraine Hotel.
The fact is that this carbine is pretty outdated and has not been used in the army for a long time.
According to our expert, these weapons were developed at the same time as the famous Kalashnikov assault rifle, but were mainly used during parades. The cartridge for this barrel was much weaker than that of the SVD (Dragunov sniper rifle), and already at the 300-meter distance it was difficult to hit a person. That is why this carbine was not released for snipers, and after 1991, they began to convert it into a hunting weapon, which can be bought in any shop today. By the way, it is supplied to Canada mainly from Ukraine.
If we talk about purely sniper rifles, then most often they are single-shot rather than automatic, since the mechanics of the return and ejection of the shells greatly affect the accuracy of shooting. Since the "Golden Eagle" was armed only with regular guns, the soldiers could not use the SCS.
I want to share my own observations. I have often been to the special forces of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, and I have never seen the SCS snipers. By the way, in private conversations, they argued that the best foreign rifles, which they use.
So it is unlikely that SCS could be applied on the roof of the Ukrainian house. Attracts attention and the fact that the carbine shoots loudly, and the witnesses on the Maidan, and those who watched the video posted on the Internet, unequivocally claim dry and short shots like blow of the whip.
Now let's talk more about bullets, because this is one of the indisputable physical evidence. It is appropriate to recall here that Estonian Foreign Minister Urmas Paet, during a conversation with EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs Catherine Ashton, stated that “according to all available evidence, people who were killed by snipers from both sides, among policemen and people from the street, there were the same snipers who kill people on both sides. ” And at the same time he referred to certain photographs and the opinion of doctors who spoke about the same style of shooting and the type of bullets.
What were these photos? Probably, they were depicted with bullets extracted from the bodies of both the Berkut people and the protesters, and they turned out to be identical. Few people know that the bullets under the Kalashnikov assault rifle, the SKS and SVD rifles are significantly different from those of the NATO model. The most significant difference is that the former have a rim for crimping in the sleeve, while the latter have none. The fact is that with automatic or semi-automatic shooting it is very important that there are no seizures. Crimping a bullet in a sleeve tightly fixes it and does not allow you to get up tricks. But NATO bullets do not have this, since they already sit tightly into it.
Comparative characteristics of Soviet (left) and NATO ammunition
However, the presence of the same bullets in the bodies of the dead policemen and protesters does not give an answer to the sacramental question: “Who fired the shots? Where did the snipers come from? ”
The head of the Security Service of Ukraine, Valentin Nalyvaychenko, said that people on Independence were killed on the orders of former leaders - Yakimenko (SBU) and Zakharchenko (Ministry of Internal Affairs). One group of "Alpha" worked from the roof of the house on the street. Khreshchatyk, 7 / 11, and the second - from the building on the street. Kostelnoy, 6. They were armed with Blizer rifles. February 20 the same groups were involved near the Presidential Administration.
In this sense, the words of Mr. Nalyvaichenko regarding “Blyser” are more credible. For example, the German sniper rifle Blaser R93 Tactical-2 are armed with special forces of Germany, Australia, Iceland, Malaysia, Slovenia and Ukraine. It is easily disassembled into the main units for transportation and has an 1700 sighting range of m. In the conditions of the center of Kiev, when the range of fire from various objects exceeded 500 m, the best weapon is not found, Moreover, interchangeable barrels allow the use of ammunition of different power. By the way, such or any other sniper rifle could well be in the case of the Right Sector fighter during the evacuation from the Dnepr Hotel. I'm not talking about the video clip, which clearly shows how Sergey Pashinsky, a people's deputy, takes a sniper rifle with a silencer in the trunk of a car.
However, distrust is caused by addresses of houses from which, according to Valentin Nalyvaychenko, firing was conducted. From the roof of the five-story building on Kostelnaya, 6 is not visible Institutskaya. Maidan and st. Grushevskogo with her also not visible. And from the roof of the house on Khreshchatyk, 7 / 11 shoot the people in the lower part of the Institute, where the most were dead, interfere with the October Palace and the bridge. Yes, and little hard to believe that the staff of "Alpha" with weapons or trunks in their hands could penetrate into the building in full view of the Maidan.
One can only hope that this issue will become clearer after the investigative and ballistic examinations, including the bullets that killed the protesters, are made. After which it will be easy to check from which weapons they were shot at. Indeed, in the sleeve of the SBU should be stored data on all trunks issued by employees.
There are many opinions and versions, but how to get to the truth? For example, former head of the SBU Alexander Yakimenko, whom our security officials declared to be one of those who gave orders, said that shot from the building of the conservatory, which was controlled by the commandant of the Maidan, Andrei Paruby. Allegedly 20 February militants fired from sniper rifles and machine guns at the Interior Ministry, who had to retreat. According to Yakimenko, an 20 man later came out of the building with his carrying cases for carrying sniper rifles and AKM assault rifles with optical sights. After “Right Sector” and “Freedom” appealed to Mr. Yakimenko for help, the security forces could have eliminated the snipers, but Parubiy did not give consent. To the question about the personalities of the snipers, Mr. Yakimenko answered: whether they were dismissed representatives of the Special Forces of the Main Directorate of the Ministry of Defense, or mercenaries from other countries.
What makes the "Right Sector" from the hotel "Dnepr"?
Responded and Vitaly Zakharchenkowhich stated:
— At all the events "Berkut" went without a combat service weapon. 18 and February 19 86 police officers were shot and wounded. 14 of them were killed. On the morning of February 20 opened aimed fire at police officers standing on Institutskaya and in the area of the House of Trade Unions, - He said in an interview with Russian television. - And people in black uniform with yellow armbands have nothing to do with the special units of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
Readers may well say that it is easy to give comments while sitting in Moscow, and they will be right. But on the other hand, the one who carefully listened to the audio record of the MVD snipers on the Internet, and he himself can conclude that they did not intend to kill anyone, but only tried to track down who shoots at people.
According to a wounded 18 in February in Kiev of Vsevolod Orlov, an employee of the Crimean "Golden Eagle", his colleague Andrei Fedyukin was shot in the heart with a bullet of NATO standard 5,56 mm. And they could only shoot from above - from the House of Trade Unions. And according to him, Berkutovites had only traumatics and “special means prescribed by law”.
Incidentally, the fact that the protesters were shot at the protesters from the building of the conservatory was also confirmed by Sergey Asavelyuk, the head of the department for the coordination of special missions of the Directorate of Combat and Special Training who, according to media reports, allegedly commanded the snipers on the Maidan. He himself claims that February 20 was not at Institutskaya, and got to the city center around 12 hours. According to him, "information about the "third force" is not unreasonable, this force probably was ". As for the snipers with yellow armbands, then, according to him, the video clearly shows that they “fired not at unarmed people, but at militants. The unarmed people who were there could walk freely, and nothing happened to them. ”
The fact that there are many versions of the tragedy is not surprising. The question of why the fighters of “Berkut” and “Alpha”, knowing that sooner or later the investigation will come to them, nevertheless did not leave the territory of the country, leave behind the brackets: for example, the security officials say, they were sure that no one ever get to the truth. It is hard to believe, but in the absence of a better version, we’ll dwell on this one, especially since, according to the leadership of the security forces, most of them are still under investigation.
They are surprised and suspicious by the statements of the security officials that the detainees allegedly admitted their guilt. 2000 has been written hundreds of times about how we are able to “get” confessions. And if all the evidence in the future court will be based only on this, then they will be worthless.