Military Review

The legendary aircraft designer Sergey Vladimirovich Ilyushin - 120 years

Exactly 120 years ago, 30 in March 1894, Sergey Vladimirovich Ilyushin, an outstanding Soviet aircraft designer, three times Hero of Socialist Labor (awards - 1941, 1957 and 1974 years), Colonel General of Engineers (1964, 2 and 4) was born in the small Vologda village of Diyalo (28, 62 and XNUMX years), Colonel-General of the Engineers (XNUMX, XNUMX and XNUMX) Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences, sevenfold winner of the Stalin Prizes. At the same time, Ilyushin became the absolute leader in the number of awards given by the Stalin Prize. Sergey Ilyushin gave the country such famous planes as the Il-XNUMX attack aircraft, Il-XNUMX and Il-XNUMX bombers, and Il-XNUMX passenger aircraft.

Ilyushin was born in the ordinary peasant family of Vladimir Ivanovich and Anna Vasilyevna. At the same time, he was already the 11 child, the youngest. Of these children, 9 survived, his two brothers died in infancy. Later in his official biography, Ilyushin wrote: “The property of the parents consisted of a house, a cow, a horse, as well as a small peasant household baggage. At the same time in 1912, the father sold the horse. The land processed by the parents consisted of two spiritual tithes that belonged to the treasury, therefore, they had to pay dues for the use of the land. ”

Sergey was born when his parents were no longer young, his father was 51 for a year, and his mother for 44. For this reason, from early childhood he became acquainted with hard physical labor. He began to plow when he was just 12 years old, because his parents had already been hard at work on the ground. In 1909, at the age of 15, Sergey Ilyushin left his home and, following the example of his elder brothers, went to work. He managed to work at a factory near Kostroma as a laborer, at the Gorelin factory in Ivano-Voznesensk, he also worked as an excavator at the road construction in the Osipovo estate owned by merchant Volkov, and hired to mow hay and clean gutters at a dyeing factory located in St. Petersburg. All of his work was temporary, but he was looking for a permanent job.

The legendary aircraft designer Sergey Vladimirovich Ilyushin - 120 years

Such work appeared in him in 1910. Someone from his fellow countrymen told Sergei that in St. Petersburg there was a profitable job at the Kolomyazhsky hippodrome, which was urgently converted into an airfield. So, in 1910, Ilyushin first met on his life path aviation the word is an airfield. The Kolomyazhsky Hippodrome was to host the first ballooning festival in our country. At the same time, Sergey hired to work as a digger, he leveled the airfield and dug ditches, helped unload heavy boxes with parts of airplanes that he had first seen alive. Then the future brilliant designer saw with his own eyes the "Farmans" and "Bleriot", was able to observe their flights.

Already at the height of World War I, in 1916, the flight schools were officially allowed to enroll representatives of the lower classes. For this purpose, a pilot school of the All-Russian Imperial Club was organized at the Commandant airfield in St. Petersburg. At the same time they took in not only the best. Of the entire aerodrome team, in which Ilyushin served at that moment, only two people were taken: the sculptor Klimov and the mechanic Ilyushin. In this case, the leadership of the airfield did not fall into the sky with a finger, the choice was amazingly correct. After decades in the country, monuments will be erected to these two people: one of them became a famous aircraft designer, and Vladimir Yakovlevich Klimov, a brilliant designer of engines. In the summer of 1917, Ilyushin successfully passed the pilot's license exam.

In March 1918, due to well-known events and a sharp reduction in aircraft production, the aerodrome team was disbanded, and Ilyushin went to his homeland in the village of Dilyalevo. In October 1918, Sergei Ilyushin joined the party, and in May 1919 he was drafted into the Red Army. Ilyushin was seconded to the command of the Red Air Fleet and sent to Serpukhov. Here he meets with his old acquaintances at the aerodrome team of the Commandant aerodrome, who agreed that the future designer should be appointed an aircraft mechanic of the 6th aircraft repair train, which was subordinate to the 6th Army of the Northern Front.


In the autumn of 1919, the mechanic Sergey Ilyushin was sent to the area of ​​Petrozavodsk, where, according to intelligence information, an Avro English-made White Guard aircraft made an emergency landing. The mechanic Ilyushin, along with five Red Army subordinates to him, was able to get to the Avro. The plane was taken apart literally up to the screw and pulled it out of the impassable mud. After that, the car was sent to the capital, later on the basis of this aircraft will be created Soviet training biplane, which was called U-1.

21 September 1921, Sergey Ilyushin successfully passed the exams and was enrolled in the Institute of Engineers of the Red Air Fleet. Since 1922, this school has been called the Military Air Academy. Zhukovsky. During his studies at the academy, the future aircraft designer took part in the activity of the glider club of the Heavy and Siege Artillery Workshops. In 1923, he designs his first glider, which was called the Mastyazhart (AMF-3). With this glider, Ilyushin in November 1923 of the year took part in the First All-Union rally of glider pilots, which was held in Koktebel. Later he created several more gliders: “Rabfakovets” (AMF-4), “Mastyazhart-2” (AMF-5) were both created in the 1924 year. And his fourth glider "Moscow" (AVF-21), created in 1925, took part in the Rynsky glider race, which took place in Germany. After graduating from the academy and successfully defended his graduation project, in 1926, Ilyushin was given the title of military engineer-mechanic of the Air Fleet. It's funny, but his thesis was devoted to the creation of a fighter aircraft, and he gained his fame as the designer of much heavier aircrafts - bombers, attack aircraft and passenger aircraft.

In 1926, Sergey Ilyushin was appointed head of the section of the Air Force Scientific and Technical Committee. He was engaged in determining the types of aircraft, as well as preparing requirements for them, participated in various specialized commissions, and actively collaborated with the Samolet magazine published in the country. From 1930 of the year - an engineer at the Air Force scientific test airfield, from 1931 of the year - an engineer at the Central Aerohydrodynamic Laboratory. The turning point for the designer was 1933 the year when he became the head of the design team at the Central Design Bureau - Central Design Bureau.


The Ilyushin-led brigade developed the TsKB-1936 bomber for 26, which after a series of improvements was called the DB-3. This bomber liked the military and was adopted. In 1937, several world flight altitude records were set on it with a different set of loads. In 1938 and 1939, the bomber became a member of a number of record-in-distance flights, including flights from Moscow to North America, breaking 8 thousands of kilometers. Further development of this promising machine was another long-range bomber - IL-4, which could lift up to 2,5 tons of bombs. During the Great Patriotic War, DB-3 and IL-4 were used to launch bombings against operational-strategic objects located deep in the defense and in the rear of the enemy, the machine was also used as a front bomber to destroy the equipment and manpower of the enemy, especially for aviation Navy version was created torpedo.

Since 1936, Ilyushin becomes the chief designer of the design bureau at the aviation plant named after Menzhinsky, at the same time, up to 1938, he was the head of the General Directorate of experimental aircraft construction at the People's Commissariat of the defense industry. In 1939, the Ilyushin Design Bureau creates its most famous aircraft, the most massive combat aircraft in stories - Il-2 attack aircraft, which combined the excellent aerodynamic qualities of the layout, handling and stability with a rational scheme of booking all vital parts of the machine and an adequate supply of power. In the USSR, he became the first aircraft of this type. Production of the IL-2 began in the 1940 year and ended in the 1945 year, during which time more than 36 thousands of Ilyushin attack aircraft left the factory workshops.

The war clearly demonstrated the Air Force’s need for such an aircraft, so in the fall of 1941, its release was recognized as a priority. Due to its mass character and excellent characteristics, the Il-2 aircraft became a truly legendary machine, rightfully considered one of the symbols of our Victory over fascism. 25 November 1941 of the year for outstanding achievements in creating aircraft, as well as mastering its production in wartime Sergey Vladimirovich Ilyushin By the decree of the Presidium of the USSR Armed Forces was awarded the title Hero of Socialist Labor with the award of the Sickle Molot gold medal and the Order of Lenin.


At the height of the war, in 1943, the Ilyushin Design Bureau began developing passenger cars, which shows how great the designer was in the belief in victory. A series of passenger Ilov takes a report from the IL-12. Before him, in the USSR, there was only one heavy passenger aircraft DC-3, purchased under license in the United States. The IL-12, IL-14 and IL-18 followed the IL-62. The last of this list was Aeroflot's flagship in the 60-70 of the last century. IL-62 was the last machine, which was created under the direct supervision of Sergei Ilyushin.

At the end of 60, the designer became seriously ill and retired in 1970. He began Parkinson's disease, while he courageously endured all the diseases, having lived on retirement 7 years and without interrupting communication with his native KB. Colleagues and Ilyushin’s subordinates note that the designer always walked “on the tables,” that is, he thoroughly delved into the work of each designer of his design bureau. The work in his design bureau was organized very clearly. If someone had a question that could not be solved by the lead designer in this area, then the question went to the head of the department and further down to Sergey Ilyushin himself. At the same time, the technical process was very diverse and as soon as a question appeared that had several points of view, Sergey Vladimirovich connected to work and chose the solution himself.

Each of his aircraft, he knew thoroughly, literally to the last screw. He knew who was working on what, what difficult places and difficulties exist in the work of his subordinates. Ilyushin took all the main decisions independently, while the chief designer appreciated the information very much and always told his subordinates that the leader could not work without information. He had a truly amazing view of many things, Ilyushin was able to easily turn around a technical problem, make everyone look at it from a different angle.

In order to understand how the designer was Ilyushin, just look at his first designed aircraft, the TsKB-26 bomber, which was created from 1933 of the year. If we compare this car with those that were in service in those years - the TB-3 and the Security Council, it is clear that the design of the TsKB-26 had laid all the most advanced that only existed at that time in the global aircraft industry: a small area wing , weapons, cabin, new engines. The aircraft was built at the risk limit, but showed excellent results during the test. The well-known pilot Vladimir Kokkinaki, who had experienced Ilyushin Design Bureau aircraft for many years, noted: “Ilyushin was in no hurry, he did not seek to let the car out without careful verification, most of all he appreciated the safety and reliability of the flight.” At the same time, his colleagues say that Ilyushin could always foresee what his plane should be. Designer Ilyushin's corporate style is the use of the most advanced technologies so that the plane is as simple as possible in design, in mass production, and also in operation.

Sergey Vladimirovich Ilyushin died 9 February 1977 year on the 83 year of life. For his existence on earth, man pays the most expensive of currencies - the days of his life. Sergey Ilyushin was released a little over 30 thousands of days. The illustrious designer was buried in Moscow at the Novodevichy Cemetery.

Images of great people always complement the small details that make them more alive, closer to everyday life, to ordinary people. Such a detail, a minor touch to the portrait of Sergey Ilyushin is that he did not like the 13 number, apparently believing that it was unhappy. In all his life, he has not signed a single document with such a date.

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  1. Homo
    Homo 30 March 2014 07: 40
    Yes, there were people in our time, not that the current tribe ...
    1. Chicot 1
      Chicot 1 30 March 2014 08: 35
      Quote: Homo
      Yes, there were people in our time, not that the current tribe

      The current tribe of "effective managers" is trying to destroy everything that was created by the works of Ilyushin and Tupolev ... Yes, I'm talking about Senor Poghosyan and his associates from the United Aircraft Corporation ...
      1. foma2028
        foma2028 30 March 2014 09: 55
        From the book by Valery Avgustinovich "BATTLE FOR SPEED. THE GREAT WAR OF AIRMOTORS"

        Recently, another destabilizing factor has come into play - the rapid career growth of young leading personnel in the Chinese aviation industry (this is also observed today in Russia). The result is poor competency in decision making and a lack of motivation to gradually build engineering competence. In China, as in Russia, everyone now wants to be, and they want to be fast, “managers”. But they do not quickly become engineers, and therefore it is not prestigious. end quote

        sounds like a diagnosis ....
        apparently this world will be destroyed by managers and marketers;)
      2. Cossacks
        Cossacks 30 March 2014 12: 49
        About Pagasyan and about his super garbage, Uglanov already wrote so much. But he is as unsinkable as Serdyukov. Putin's passionate fans can somehow explain it. Sincerely, V.Kazakov. (real name)
        1. Bayonet
          Bayonet 30 March 2014 20: 55
          For 2014, it is planned to build 40 Sukhoi Superjet. The number of orders for the unborn MC-21 is already 175. The UAC leader described the situation in the Latin American market as favorable for the SSJ-100. “Competition with other suppliers of regional aircraft in the Mexican market is developing successfully for us”
          So what about "super bullshit"? Yes, and somehow the language does not turn, to call the work of many thousands of people "garbage".
      3. The comment was deleted.
    2. Patriot
      Patriot 30 March 2014 08: 55
      Yes, and at the present time there are enough smart people; here is the fact that the state sometimes does not notice them, yes
  2. foma2028
    foma2028 30 March 2014 08: 03
    This or another variation of the phrase that "Beautiful planes fly well" is attributed to various designers and Tupolev and Antonov and many others.
    Probably in one form or another it was expressed by many designers.
    But I found one of the options, in the book by E. A. Fedosov "Half a century in aviation":

    "... I noticed long ago that if an airplane is beautiful in design, then its flight properties are manifested in the best possible way, and life is going well."

    "And when an airplane is beautiful, it is good in aerodynamics and in other ways it is great. There is a mysterious connection between aesthetics and technical characteristics of the machine." end of quote.

    This phrase is confirmed by the beautiful and excellent aircraft of Ilyushin.
    Only the collapse of the USSR and industrial disaster prevented them from occupying a worthy niche in world civil aviation.
    1. foma2028
      foma2028 30 March 2014 09: 42
      and another quote from this book:
      "Now few people remember, but then we reached such a level of production of aviation equipment that every second aircraft flying in the sky of the planet was made in the USSR. On the one hand, we are, on the other, all aircraft manufacturing companies in the world."
  3. blizart
    blizart 30 March 2014 08: 50
    Opinions regarding the combat use of the most massive WWII - IL-2 aircraft naturally diverged (which could not be otherwise, given the complexity of this issue), most consider it to be unsurpassed, but there are also those who say: Twelve key points in the rear could and should have been bombed by long-range aviation and all-war (enemy troops) end. Without going into polemic, I would just like to retell one and the same case described by the opposing parties.
    After the Kharkov catastrophe of 1942, a trio of single-seat Il-2s without fighter cover, 4 assault AP (later 7th Guards AP) were ordered to bomb the bridge over the Manych canal, led by Vasily Emelianenko. One wingman was shot down while approaching the target by enemy fighters, the second was shot down by anti-aircraft artillery on a combat course. On the way of withdrawal, Emelianenko was attacked by three (!) Pairs of Me-109, until the ammunition of all 6 fighters was consumed! When I saw that the attacking fighter began to fly with the hood (aim), I used gliding without roll - he says in his book "In the harsh military air". From a similar description of the battle by German pilots, you can add only the response of the wingman, which has become textbook. On the question of the leader of the group: What is this bl .. for crap? He replied: Mr. Colonel, you can't bite a hedgehog in the ass! (M. Kaidin "Tigers are burning.")
  4. svp67
    svp67 30 March 2014 09: 00
    If he had created only one Il2, then he could have already put up a monument of pure gold, but the list of works of aviation engineering he created is long, and HUGE, Sergey Vladimirovich, THANKS for this, comrade General Designer.
    1. The comment was deleted.
  5. 52
    52 30 March 2014 09: 22
    IL-2 is a symbol of VICTORY !!! Not less than the T-34. And I think, IMHO, to cast a monument to "Humpbacked" from gold is not a whim, but to give honor to those people who did nothing, fought, won and brought the moment of VICTORY nearer! Let's deal with the current mess, let's live more honestly and truthfully - and we will do it!
  6. Lissyara
    Lissyara 30 March 2014 09: 54
    “It should be noted right away that creating a perfect, time-honored passenger aircraft is not at all easier, but perhaps more difficult than other aircraft. This becomes clear if we recall that in many respects increased requirements are also imposed on a passenger aircraft, and their number is constantly growing. The designer has to think about flight safety and operating efficiency (how to get the highest cruising speed and the lowest fuel consumption). At the same time, one should not forget about such requirements as durability and reliability, all-weather and regularity of flights, comfort for passengers and convenience for the crew. Finally, we need to achieve the minimum noise level in the cockpit and in the airport area, ensure high resources and increased aircraft maintainability. ”
    IL-18 spread the glory of the Ilyushin Design Bureau to all the continents of the Earth. For the creation of this aircraft Sergey Vladimirovich was awarded the Lenin Prize.
    And after all, the machine is still operated in various modifications! IL-20, IL-24, IL-38
    1. Chicot 1
      Chicot 1 30 March 2014 11: 28
      Quote: LiSSyara
      IL-18 spread the glory of the Ilyushin Design Bureau to all the continents of the Earth. For the creation of this aircraft Sergey Vladimirovich was awarded the Lenin Prize.
      And after all, the machine is still operated in various modifications! IL-20, IL-24, IL-38

      Nothing to add ...

      The famous IL-18. Still in service ...
  7. foma2028
    foma2028 30 March 2014 10: 05
    But our country still has to thank Sergey Vladimirovich Ilyushin for his son,
    outstanding test pilot Vladimir Sergeevich Ilyushin!
    The Great Man and the Great Son have refuted the fallacy that nature rests on the children of great people
    1. Lissyara
      Lissyara 30 March 2014 10: 14
      I would also add for Designer's Design Bureau.
      One hard worker Il-76 and its varieties of which are worth.
      Not a complete list:
      IL-76 is the first production modification.
      IL-76T-modification with a reinforced structure and an additional fuel tank.
      IL-76TD-modification IL-76T with turbofan D-30KP series 2. In comparison with T, the TD increased the capacity of fuel tanks, strengthened the wing and floor of the cargo compartment, and improved instrumentation.
      IL-76M is a specialized military version of IL-76T with cannon armament, and a system with dipole reflectors and jamming.
      IL-76MD is a military version of IL-76TD.
      IL-76P (TP, TDP) -fire plane.
      IL-76PS modification for search and rescue operations at sea.
      Il-76MD Scalpel-plane "flying hospital".
      IL-76LL-flying laboratory for the development of promising engines.
      IL-76K / MDK-modification to simulate the state of weightlessness during training of astronauts.
      Il-76VKP - "air command post" for the control of strategic nuclear forces
      Product "976" (SKIP) flying command and measurement station.
      IL-78-modification of IL-76 as a tanker.
      A-50-aircraft AWACS based on the IL-76.
      IL-76MF is a deep modification of the aircraft with new PS-90A engines.
      1. Chicot 1
        Chicot 1 30 March 2014 11: 34
        Quote: LiSSyara
        One hard worker Il-76 and its varieties of which are

        In fact, also a legendary aircraft. Carries on its shoulders (more precisely - the wings) the main load of our VTA ...

        IL-76MD-90A (or IL-476) ...
        1. timurit
          timurit 30 March 2014 21: 05
          Indeed, the author of the article bypassed the most famous contemporary of the Il-76, in vain, but this aviation legend is no less worthy of the fame of the legendary Il-2, and also the film "Wingspan", I advise you to watch the Il-18
  8. diff
    diff 30 March 2014 10: 22
    It is from such people that the concept of pride for the homeland is formed!
  9. DimDimych
    DimDimych 30 March 2014 10: 48
    Legendary Man.
  10. Yuri11076
    Yuri11076 30 March 2014 10: 54
    Everlasting memory!!!
  11. studentmati
    studentmati 30 March 2014 12: 20
    Exactly 120 years ago, 30? March 1894

    According to domestic sources other than Wikipedia, Ilyushin Sergey Vladimirovich was born not on March 30, but on March 31st.

    On March 31, 1894, Sergei Ilyushin was born in the Vologda village of Dilyalev, unknown to the world. Not only about Dilyalevo - few have heard about the Vologda district and the Berezniki volost, which included this small village. (Felix Chuev)

    120th birthday of outstanding aircraft designer S.V. Ilyushin will be celebrated at the federal level

    President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin supported the initiative to organize the celebration of the 120th anniversary of the birth of the outstanding aircraft designer Sergei Vladimirovich Ilyushin at the federal level, the press service of OJSC S.V. Ilyushin
    Read more:

    Great Designer Glory !!!
  12. parus2nik
    parus2nik 30 March 2014 12: 39
    Human legend and legendary aircraft ..
  13. Bobxnumx
    Bobxnumx 30 March 2014 12: 44
    Glory to the Great Sons of Russia !!!
  14. Azaat
    Azaat 30 March 2014 12: 46
    Great designer and my countryman. Nowadays, the homeland of Ilyushin can only be reached by an all-terrain vehicle. But this place is not only the birthplace of Ilyushin, but also the birthplace of twice Hero of the Soviet Union A.F. Klubov. It's a shame when the places where they came from, such people become empty.
  15. Des10
    Des10 30 March 2014 13: 10
    What time, such and such people ...
    Reading "Aircraft of the Ilyushin Design Bureau" (edited by Academician G.V. Novozhilov), I often met: ... "he made a responsible decision." Leader.
    Thanks to him for the planes.
  16. Cossacks
    Cossacks 30 March 2014 13: 20
    Somehow I had to fly to Il-62 with a hare (I was late for registration and they sold my place, well, those same times when the planes were completely used up) The commander took on the principle that we don’t give up. He flew for 6 hours in the vestibule without any inconvenience, and even vice versa. Here were the airplanes. And now leasing Boeings that refused to operate even in the homeland of Primate.
  17. dmitrij.blyuz
    dmitrij.blyuz 30 March 2014 14: 39
    A brilliant man! A designer from God! The machines he created are super reliable and quite simple to operate. If you raise the statistics of accidents and catastrophes, the ILs are much smaller than other KBs. In childhood, I didn’t like to endure IL-14, but I liked the cabin much more spacious than in the AN-24. But the piston engines, especially at the landing, it was torture! I got used to it much later. The last 14th went to scrap metal in the 87th. We, in U-Ude. Fly passenger on the AN-24 I’ve seen more than one year broken, dismantling the 14th. There was a good car.
  18. apollo
    apollo 30 March 2014 14: 53
    Yes, the old school, no matter how gentlemen the new liberals litter our great homeland of the USSR, but the fact remains that the time contributed to the birth of such people, and now ...
  19. apollo
    apollo 30 March 2014 15: 03
    In April 1938, he urgently needed to fly to a serial plant in Voronezh, where problems arose. Ilyushin flew with a colleague together on a small sports airplane. But the mechanic forgot to fill in the oil. During the flight, the engine jammed, had to make an emergency landing on arable land. The plane rolled over. The pilot and passenger were injured. The NKVD tried to arrest the perpetrators. But Ilyushin defended everyone. Upon learning of the accident, Stalin forbade the chief designers to fly on their own.
  20. Janus
    Janus 30 March 2014 15: 44
    Thank you Sergey Vladimirovich !!!
  21. wulf66
    wulf66 30 March 2014 17: 09
    One of my grandfathers went through the war in the Marines, but the second in attack pilots. After the Finnish one (their regiment flew there on the R-5) they got IL-2 and he fought the whole war on them. I have one of my childhood memories of how he bowed to the IL-2 on a pedestal.
  22. PMG63
    PMG63 30 March 2014 17: 16
    The annual laying of flowers at IL-2 in Samara on Victory Day.
  23. Al_lexx
    Al_lexx 30 March 2014 19: 31
    The glorious, enviable fate of man. An outstanding designer, world-wide.
    Everlasting memory!
  24. timurit
    timurit 30 March 2014 20: 57
    according to some reports of the IL-2 of all modifications, 42 were produced, I suppose that the serial IL-000 is also included in this amount, unfortunately in the Korean War the IL-10 was clearly not in the subject,
  25. SERGEY76
    SERGEY76 30 March 2014 21: 09
    Honor and praise to a great man. Amen!
  26. VNP1958PVN
    VNP1958PVN 31 March 2014 03: 17
    People who made the history of Russia! The airplane is a symbol of victory in the Great Patriotic War-IL-2. yes
  27. Kostya pedestrian
    Kostya pedestrian 31 March 2014 03: 22
    IL - this is a machine, any matrix machine will give Ford. I suppose a little man still remembers how Ilya them from a height, like a butt, but they wanted to put on shoes.

    And if not on "nekhtu 3", then today I came across the coat of arms of the cities of Kozlovy Rudy in Lithuania and Nova Ruda in Poland.

    There is something to laugh about. As the Japanese says in a famous joke: "Shikoko, Shikoko, do I have TVs in my hand?" Finns, not killed!
    1. sevtrash
      sevtrash 31 March 2014 22: 58
      In the picture, the plane is not an accident by accident?
  28. Michael_59
    Michael_59 31 March 2014 05: 59
    To the author and site administration.

    Thanks for the article.

    But there is one point - why does the article about the great man contain errors and typos?

    Quote: author
    and dripping ditches

    Quote: author
    Moreover, they took in not only the best
  29. Fuzeler
    Fuzeler 31 March 2014 11: 55
    In my opinion, the article does not indicate a very important point, namely: competition in creating a Soviet medium-range jet airliner.
    The bottom line is this: a development task was given, which took 2 KB - A.N. Tupolev and S.V. Ilyushin.
    At that time, in the civil aviation of the Soviet Union, the medium-haul airliner was IL-18, which was supposed to be replaced. Since there was already a long-range REACTIVE airliner in the USSR (i.e., Il-62 and Il-62M), Sergey Vladimirovich, not without reason, proposed his own version, based on the Il-62, in the version with three engines and a shortened fuselage and altered wing profile, i.e. the development of such an airliner would take MINIMUM time and MINIMUM means. The project was named Il-74.

    HOWEVER, Andrei Nikolaevich Tupolev (for the umpteenth time already !!!!!), whose project was actually in the stage of drawings (without an end result), using its party connections, literally SELLED its initiative in creating the Soviet medium-range airliner. So we got the legendary Tu-154, of which over 900 units were produced.
  30. sevtrash
    sevtrash 31 March 2014 23: 25
    The designer is uniquely outstanding, although not as productive, and maybe not as ambitious as Tupolev, Yakovlev. Although all of them - and Polikarpov, Myasischev, Petlyakov, Mikoyan, Sukhoi, Lavochkin and many others without ambitions, would hardly have taken place.
    IL-2 is a legend and being it becomes beyond criticism. For any better attack aircraft in the Soviet army was not, although the effectiveness of action against tanks was not high, based on at least the article that was on this site. DB3 as a heavy bomber can hardly be compared with Pe8, especially with other aircraft. I read somewhere that the Americans were shocked when they tried to fly it in Poltava. In general - in general !!! - Soviet military aviation during the war was probably still inferior to German and allied. You can read about the ease of piloting the bf109, automation of engine control, electric start, etc.
    On the other hand, they won the war. In any case, Soviet aviation has much to be proud of.