Military Review

Waiting for a shock ("Polityka", Poland)

46
Waiting for a shock ("Polityka", Poland)We live in an era of violent struggle for natural resources. The next stage will be the war?


It is said that armies and politicians always prepare for the war of the old type, and every new conflict catches them by their development. Therefore, in peacetime, military and political scientists devote a lot of time to forecasting, reflecting on what could trigger a new clash. However, they proceed from the assumption that knowing the cause, it will be possible to avoid conflict or, at least, to predict how it will unfold.

From the reports written by strategists and scientists for politicians, it follows that if bookmakers accepted bets on world threats (and perhaps someone already does this), the smallest gain would be on climate change or the shortage of minerals on which our civilization. The combination of these two phenomena would receive an even lower coefficient, since, in the words of the German social psychologist, the author of the essay “Climate Wars” Harald Welzer (Harald Welzer), would become the main social challenge of modern times.

Fortunately, there are still no global conflicts looming on the horizon, but governments and businesses are doing everything possible to insure themselves against (this concept has become very fashionable lately) of “raw material shocks” - analogues of “oil shocks”. They want to achieve this by protecting important trade routes for themselves, preserving privileges in international trade and sources of future supplies. It is difficult not to notice that with the end of the Cold War, we have entered the era of the struggle for resources, and the most worrying fact is that all new fronts are opening up in this war.

Military fronts

One of them takes place in the Arctic, along the peaks of the Lomonosov Ridge - an underwater mountain range that reaches the North Pole. Ice in the Arctic is melting faster, in summer, sea routes that cut the road between Europe, the Far East and North America by thousands of kilometers, become suitable for navigation without the use of icebreakers. Increasing the chances that in the coming 10 anniversary, despite all the difficulties that lie in these uncomfortable regions, it will be possible to have access to the still untouched deposits of oil, gas, gold, diamonds and other riches at the bottom. Therefore, the Arctic states are engaged in heated debates about the precise holding of the borders of their economic zones, and the key element here is the Lomonosov Ridge, for which Russia and Denmark make claims. In 2007, the Russian bathyscaphe studied it, hoisting the titanium flag of the Russian Federation under the pole and taking samples of rocks to prove that the ridge, and, accordingly, the zone under the pole is a continuation of the Russian continental shelf. In 2012, a similar expedition was organized by the Danes. Anyone who succeeds in convincing the UN Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf will receive a piece of the Arctic for exclusive use.

Although the Arctic countries occasionally exacerbate rhetoric and signify their presence in the far north, in general, the discussion around the Arctic is rather peaceful. Especially if you compare it with the moments of tension arising during territorial disputes with the raw material background in other regions of the world. Discussions are underway in the Mediterranean, where Turkey and Cyprus cannot reach agreements on newly discovered gas fields; The UK retains control of the Falkland Islands (Malvinas), where oil should be the reward for tough resistance to Argentina.

There are worries over the skirmishes of China, Taiwan, South Korea, Vietnam, Brunei, Malaysia and the Philippines over the nationality of several archipelagoes of small uninhabited islands, around which there may be valuable deposits. Because of this, in the Far East and Southeast Asia has not yet been able to deploy an integration project similar to the European Union. There is no at hand reconciliation model modeled on the Franco or Polish-German rapprochement, and the fighting spirit remains much hotter than in Europe. In addition, it is accompanied by intensifying anti-Japanese nationalism in China and resurgent imperial nationalism in Japan.

Since the Japanese government bought the private owners of Senkaku Island (in China, they are called Diaoyu) in September of 2012, a month has not passed without a demonstrative exit of the coastguard of one of the parties or flight (at least research aircraft). After the islands were bought, protests were made by residents of hundreds of Chinese cities, a wave of pogroms of Japanese shopping centers and restaurants, as well as arson of Japanese cars, including police officers, swept across China. Japanese automotive and economic giants have suspended production at factories in China, and Chinese tourists began to boycott Japan.

An armada of fishing boats and patrol ships headed for the islands fleet, ships arrived from Taiwan, which also considers the islands to be their own armada. The Tokyo stock exchange reacted with panic and fall, frightened analysts immediately said that a dispute with China could cost Japan more than the 2011 earthquake. So far, the predictions have not come true, since both countries avoid direct military conflict, but at every opportunity they resort to a rich arsenal of provocations and mutual accusations.

Safety net strategy

Because of the dispute around Senkaku / Diaoyu in 2010, Japan suspended the import of rare earth metals from China for two months and began to look for new suppliers, planning to open its mines in Australia, Mongolia and Vietnam. The imbalance between suppliers and customers is in many countries the same concern as territorial disputes. This phenomenon is familiar to Europe, which has experienced gas crises caused by Russia. In one 2009 year, 18 of European countries experienced their pain on their own experience when Moscow closed the valve to Ukraine. Both rare earth metals (due to the limited scale of their extraction) and natural gas (because it goes through pipelines) play an excellent role as an instrument of political pressure. In the case of gas - to transit countries. Therefore, they (like Poland in Swinoujscie) are trying to build gas terminals in order to use liquefied gas, which is transported by water. It costs more, but there is no risk that someone will block the pipe. The pipeline limits the choice of suppliers, and liquefied gas, like oil, can be brought from any place. Of course, subject to the functioning of ocean shipping. Now the guarantor of its safety is the American fleet, which monitors the passability of many bottlenecks of maritime trade, including the Strait of Hormuz, which is the fifth part of the oil produced in the world. Other states, especially those that depend on trade with China, are also developing their fleets.

One of the strategies that should help to insure against the shortage of resources or the cessation of supply is the transition to self-sufficiency (if you have your own deposits). It happens that the leadership of states where foreign companies are engaged in the exploitation of natural resources does not restrain nationalization impulses. In 2012, Argentina nationalized the country's largest oil company, since its former Spanish owner invested little in the development of the enterprise than doomed Argentines to import oil. The debate on the nationalization of the mines goes to South Africa, and Zambian President Michael Sata (Michael Sata) earned political points by criticizing the Chinese presence in the Zambian mining industry.

Black spot

In the predictions of the political, economic, and military future of the world in an era of changing climate, bad predictions invariably sound about Africa. A new race is unfolding there, practically repeating the colonial struggle for who will stake out the most valuable deposits for itself, which nature hasn’t spared to bestow on Africa. The first violin is played in this area by the Chinese: as early as the 1990s, they were ahead of all the world's competitors, successfully winning over the position of African leaders and obtaining production licenses. However, the main problem of the continent is not associated with a decrease in reserves of natural resources. On the contrary: conflicts erupt in regions where there are many of them, as in the Congo. Dramas are associated with such resources, which usually do not act as a subject of interest of geologists.

Compared to what is happening in Sudanese states, the Arctic and the strife in the Far East look insignificant. “Sudan is the first time that one can say that climate change has become a direct cause of civil war and a wave of violence,” writes Harald Welzer. During 40 years, the desert in Sudan moved 100 kilometers to the south, and desertification is also felt in neighboring countries - Chad, the Central African Republic, parts of Kenya and Ethiopia. Their inhabitants struggle every day for their lives: they are practically all livestock-raising and painfully endure droughts that visit the region with merciless regularity, destroy herds and restrict access to water sources. The shepherds' tribes, competing for access to watering and good pastures, are taken for weapon, and from here - one step to the civil war, as in the case of the secession of South Sudan or the genocide in Darfur, and earlier - the massacre in Rwanda. Of all these places, millions of refugees fled, often referred to as "climate".

The changing climate and the classic commodity shock led to the largest political transformation of recent years. In the 2010 year, a wave of heat swept from Russia and Ukraine to Kazakhstan, yields were poor. As a result, Moscow began to look for suppliers of grain, and at the same time introduced duties for the export of wheat with Ukraine. The situation has interested speculators who have felt the coming price increase. It happened at the turn of 2010-2011's. Food in the world was more expensive than ever in the previous two decades, and this was true for cabbage in Korea, and chili pepper in Indonesia, and onions in India (the basics of local cuisines). The price increase was most pronounced in countries importing large amounts of grain, primarily in the states of northern Africa. Expensive food served as a catalyst for the so-called Arab Spring, which overthrew the leaders of several countries and brought civil war to Syria. Such a development was foreseen by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). This is a good lesson to show that expert predictions sometimes come true.

Water and war

In terms of future wars, fortune tellers see in their crystal balls not so much inter-state conflicts, but rather state coups, revolutions, civil wars, the rapid growth of a wave of refugees, which will lead to toughening of immigration legislation in countries that have been spared. However, the consequences of Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans showed that even the richest countries are not immune from future changes, because even the United States could not prevent the destruction of one of their cities.

“Can water scarcity cause the Third World War?” Professor Michael Klare from American Hampshire College recently asked. Unfortunately, Claire, who studies raw shocks, does not give an answer to this question, but points to the growing importance of water in world politics. Disputes over the principles of using large rivers have become a political leitmotif on the Nile, Mekong, Indus and the rivers of Central Asia, where due to the construction of dams, downstream countries are deprived of sufficient water. How serious a source of tension can be hydrological projects show UN calculations, according to which, by 2025, two thirds of the world's population will live in areas threatened by water scarcity. The most problematic regions in this sense are South America, Central Asia, as well as the two most populous states of the world - India and China. So maybe bookmakers should bet on the water?
Author:
Originator:
http://www.polityka.pl/niezbednikinteligenta/1560067,1,czekajac-na-szok.read
46 comments
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  1. Same lech
    Same lech 17 February 2014 07: 23
    +10
    Anyone who succeeds in convincing the UN Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf will receive a piece of the Arctic for exclusive use.


    An urgent need to outbid the entire UN leadership from the Americans — in the worst case, simply disband it — PAN GI MOON will give up the ARCTIC to anyone else but RUSSIA under the dictation of the United States.

    I am surprised that the Poles are worried anyway. THE ARCTIC IS NOT FOR THE TEETH.
    1. invisibility
      invisibility 17 February 2014 07: 37
      +15
      Quote: The same LYOKHA
      I am surprised that the Poles are worried anyway. THE ARCTIC IS NOT FOR THE TEETH.

      For that their owners are tough.
      No need to outbid anyone. It was necessary to make sure that a horde of those who wanted to make money knew that it would snatch out lyuli, not weak ones. This will greatly facilitate the work of our diplomats.
      1. sledgehammer102
        sledgehammer102 17 February 2014 08: 38
        +5
        Quote: The same LYOKHA
        An urgent need to outbid the entire UN leadership from the Americans — in the worst case, simply disband it — PAN GI MOON will give up the ARCTIC to anyone else but RUSSIA under the dictation of the United States.


        The UN will decide on the basis of research, so our evidence should be more weighty - this is not a match between Russia and the USA, where the most controversial episode can be played in favor of P * ndostan. Negotiations will take years and hundreds of dives.
        1. washi
          washi 17 February 2014 16: 53
          +2
          Quote: sledgehammer102
          UN will decide based on research

          I doubt it. The UN has exhausted itself. Its chairman gene is nonsense, beneficial to amers.
          Quote: sledgehammer102
          therefore, our evidence should be more significant

          And who remembers the maps of the USSR, with our borders in the North, the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea? And also in the Bering, Okhotsk, Japanese seas and in the Pacific Ocean? Where are our Soviet borders, which were not changed neither by the Councils of Deputies, nor by the Duma?
          On what basis are we required to fulfill non-ratified treaties? Where are our border guards?
          What are the economic and other zones?
      2. Asgard
        Asgard 17 February 2014 10: 47
        +13
        I read the entire thread, still returned to your post, as the most correct.
        It is necessary to build the Arctic Fleet. It is necessary to develop technology. It is necessary to stimulate Russian people.
        Business is too tough. Our state is still corrupt. Power is full of Judas. Wait, "British Petroleum" gave 20% of "Rosneft", almost for that they give "Alros" without fuss in the media))) They gave up the shelf in the Barents Sea (consider the territory of Germany)) And with the Shtokmanovskoye field they slowed down ????
        WAITING FOR FOREIGN INVESTMENT?!?!))))
        The question is, do the authorities definitely need to develop and defend the North? Or then give it back for that?)))

        So that the Russian Ocean (the ancient name of the Arctic)) remains Russian.
        It is necessary to change the power.
        1. Z.A.M.
          Z.A.M. 17 February 2014 11: 19
          +11
          Volodya I welcome.

          Quote: Asgard
          Wait "British Petroleum" have given away 20% of Rosneft, almost like that give "Alrosu" without a fuss in the media)))Have given shelf in the Barents Sea (consider the territory of Germany)) And with the Shtoktmanovskoye field slowed down ????
          WAITING FOR FOREIGN INVESTMENT?!?!))))
          laughing

          Yes, here you are - "Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev will hold a meeting on Monday on privatization of federal-owned shares of major state-owned companies, reports the press service of the government.
          In the summer of 2013, a new forecast plan for the privatization of federal property for 2014-2016 was adopted. The head of the Ministry of Economic Development A. Ulyukaev said that in 2014-2016 the government plans to sell state assets worth 1,7 trillion rubles. "

          Source: interfax.ru
          At least without "hype", at least with her ...

          I agree -
          Quote: Asgard
          It is necessary to build the Arctic Fleet. It is necessary to develop technology. Must stimulate Russian people.
          Only I would say, MOTIVATE. There are enough stimuli (sticks in the ass) ...
          In relation to the Arctic Fleet - the Americans are thinking about building 7(!!!) icebreakers. 1 billion each. With one available.
          So I want to say - it is necessary for our rulers to think ...
          But are they OUR, and do they need it ...?
        2. washi
          washi 17 February 2014 17: 37
          +1
          Quote: Asgard
          Power is Judah

          Go to power yourself.
          You probably will be the only not corrupt ??
          And not once, I hope, have you violated the law in relation to other citizens of the country, nor did anyone violate you in relation to you?
          And if you violated your rights, then did you legally achieve their restoration?
          If this is not about you, then I will not give money to your election program. It turns out another pi ....... l.
          And so I want an honest, responsible and purposeful.
          Where are Pavki Korchagins?
          1. Asgard
            Asgard 17 February 2014 18: 28
            +1
            To come to power, Vasya)) need preparation ....
            There is nothing to do alone ....
            Well, when they will vote for my posts three times more actively, I promise I will think))) AND WILL COME (no human resources for the first time)))

            Pavel Korchagin grows up in St. Petersburg in the village of Toksovo, the son of my friends is such a kid !!)) Biathlete. He studies well. He writes to Uncle Volodya often. He sometimes reads the Military Review. He spoke to me here for Alexander Romanov (offered help (youthful maximalism))))
            I had to promise that I’ll figure it out myself ...
            1. Gomunkul
              Gomunkul 17 February 2014 21: 21
              +2
              Well, when they will vote for my posts three times more actively, I promise I will think))) AND WILL COME (no human resources for the first time)))
              Well, orthodox, the cry is cast, will we support Rodich? hi
          2. alone
            alone 17 February 2014 22: 09
            0
            Quote: Vasya
            Go to power yourself.

            wassat Naive. Who will let him go there. what you think DAM will stand up and say:
            Our dear Asgard, please sit in my place and control)) DAM of course iPhone, but not so much))
            1. Gomunkul
              Gomunkul 17 February 2014 22: 34
              +1
              think DAM will stand up and say: Our dear Asgard, please sit in my place and control)) DAM of course iPhone, but not so much))
              Well, if only the words of the poet V. Mayakovsky from the poem "Good" ask him about it wink
              "Which ones are temporary?
              Slash!
              Your time has run out. "
              repeat
        3. So_o_tozh
          So_o_tozh 17 February 2014 19: 09
          +2
          So I want to blurt out-Maidan to help you ... what
      3. Corsair
        Corsair 17 February 2014 12: 23
        +3
        Quote: invisible
        For that their owners are tough.
        Hyenas and jackals will attack in a flock ...
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. alexng
          alexng 17 February 2014 16: 18
          +2
          Quote: Corsair
          Hyenas and jackals will attack in a flock ...


          This is if they have a leader from the USA, otherwise they will scatter like jackals in their holes. In the crisis with Syria, the situation showed that not everything is smooth in their code. As the pills smell, so immediately in the bushes with a tightened tail and the Leader is left alone, and one he is very rotten.
      4. washi
        washi 17 February 2014 16: 33
        0
        Quote: invisible
        For that their owners are tough.

        I doubt it.
        And if we take into account the future cooling, then we will remain the last survivors, if the Americans do not go to pieces last.
      5. Zaslavsky-S
        Zaslavsky-S 17 February 2014 19: 40
        +1
        They will get out the cradles only if We, RUSSIANS, stop drinking, addict, and generally degrade. Our women have completely moved off the coils. It is necessary! To the whole country from the screen, a young fool sculpts that the woman’s best weapon is a skirt in her hands! Absolutely shame lost. Complete loss of morality! Drunks who work for the sake of the bubble at the chock at the markets. Parasites are lazy. The nation is sick. An urgent operation is needed. But normal people, so far, have something to lose. Therefore, we sit at the computer, and talk about the great.
    2. ele1285
      ele1285 17 February 2014 07: 41
      +11
      Something is strange, a Polish article and no screech about barbaric Russia. Even wonderful. There have always been wars for resources, and the feudal lords fought for land and now for oil, maybe there will be water too. Then the United States should attack Canada and Brazil. One assumption by the author. The specifics are zero.
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. matross
        matross 17 February 2014 16: 09
        0
        Quote: ele1285
        Something strange, a Polish article and no screech about barbaric Russia

        Yes, and in Poland there still remained adequate offices.
        Quote: ele1285
        for water. Then the U.S. must attack Canada and Brazil

        But only Canadian water is not enough for them? smile
        In general, dry land is not threatened by developed countries with access to the sea. They will desalinate the sea. It’s not cheap, but fighting is more expensive.
        Quote: ele1285
        Some suggestions from the author. Specifics zero

        So he writes for the future. In terms of specificity, this is to Comrade. Nostradamus. And then without a guarantee laughing
        1. washi
          washi 17 February 2014 16: 57
          0
          Quote: matRoss
          In general, dry land is not threatened by developed countries with access to the sea. They will desalinate the sea. It’s not cheap, but fighting is more expensive.

          To do this, it is necessary to install nuclear power plants, as in Shevchenko (I don’t know how to rename it) in Kaz.SSR (I don’t know how, at the moment with their renaming, it’s called)
    3. AlexxxNik
      AlexxxNik 17 February 2014 07: 42
      +11
      Quote: The same LYOKHA
      it is surprising that the Poles are worried

      Poles are always worried when something near someone is bad, from their point of view, lies
    4. Lantau
      Lantau 17 February 2014 07: 42
      +3
      the Poles are worried anyway. THE ARCTIC IS NOT FOR THE TEETH


      The owner ordered his mongrel to yap. He fulfills his piece of bread.
      And the fact that the Arctic is not too tough for the Poles, you are right. Nothing shines on them in any situation. They are just supplies.
    5. Alexander Romanov
      Alexander Romanov 17 February 2014 08: 20
      +4
      Quote: The same LYOKHA

      An urgent need to outbid the entire UN leadership from the Americans-

      Yeah, and then the Americans will again buy them from us. So we will fool around.
    6. Army1
      Army1 17 February 2014 11: 15
      +2
      It is necessary to strengthen and faster, the war has never been fair, a lot of jackals will attack, you must be prepared to fight with the coalition
    7. Hitrovan07
      Hitrovan07 17 February 2014 20: 24
      0
      We need to spend resources on bribing someone, we must invest these very resources in the Russian allies - the very army and navy.
  2. makarov
    makarov 17 February 2014 07: 36
    +5
    "It's hard not to notice that with the end of the Cold War we have entered an era of struggle for resources, and the biggest concern is the fact that more and more fronts are opening in this war ..."

    So after all, all wars have always occurred for resources, then for territorial, then for human, then for natural. It is not clear if the author really "discovered America"?
  3. Rattenfanger
    Rattenfanger 17 February 2014 07: 39
    +6
    In general, the article is not bad. After all, can the Poles speak adequately if it is not about Russia!)
    Z.Y. The main objective of the 21st century loya of any country that claims to have a significant role on the political / economic map of the world will be not so much possession as the ability to retain natural resources (including fresh water) in its use.
    1. Toporkoff
      Toporkoff 17 February 2014 10: 31
      +1
      yeah, but as soon as we talk about Russia, it’s only "pshek pshek pshek pshek pshek pshek pshek ..." and you hear)))
    2. Fin
      Fin 17 February 2014 14: 25
      +1
      Quote: Rattenfanger
      In general, the article is not bad. After all, can the Poles speak adequately if it is not about Russia!)

      Not quite adequate
      In 2009 alone, 18 European countries experienced their pain on their own experience, when Moscow closed the valve to Ukraine.

      That is, all the same, we are to blame, and not those who stole gas from Europe.
      1. So_o_tozh
        So_o_tozh 17 February 2014 19: 12
        0
        Yes, yes, there is a gas valve, why is it in Russian territory, and yes, of course, we probably stole?
        1. dropout
          dropout 17 February 2014 19: 47
          +1
          Quote: So_o_tozh
          Yes, yes, for some reason, the gas gate valve is in Russian territory, and yes, of course, we probably stole?

          Read carefully the inscription on the tank.
          1. So_o_tozh
            So_o_tozh 18 February 2014 12: 54
            0
            There is nothing to cover what
  4. T-100
    T-100 17 February 2014 07: 46
    +4
    It’s time to prepare for war, to prepare children and daughters. For us, only one victory is important, one for all we will not stand for the price)))))))
    1. washi
      washi 17 February 2014 17: 00
      0
      Quote: T-100
      It’s time to prepare for war, to prepare children and daughters. For us, only one victory is important, one for all we will not stand for the price)))))))

      And who's stopping you?
      Cook both your friends and foes if your parents are dumb.
  5. Horst78
    Horst78 17 February 2014 07: 52
    +4
    This phenomenon is also familiar to Europe, which survived the gas crises caused by Russia.
    And what do we have to do with it?
    In 2009 alone, 18 European countries experienced their pain on their own experience, when Moscow closed the valve to Ukraine.
    Gate Ukraine shut off for theft and not Europe. Therefore, we took up expensive projects to diversify transport routes in the form of northern and southern streams.
    1. stroporez
      stroporez 17 February 2014 12: 14
      0
      Quote: Horst78
      Gate Ukraine shut off for theft and not Europe. Therefore, we took up expensive projects to diversify transport routes in the form of northern and southern streams.
      --- all Europeans and other Poles are never ha-ha. It is said "Russians are to blame" - for them it is .........
      1. Horst78
        Horst78 17 February 2014 14: 41
        0
        it is said "the Russians are to blame" - for them it is
        That's it, unfortunately. hi
    2. So_o_tozh
      So_o_tozh 17 February 2014 19: 15
      0
      Well, the Russians did not provide an official presentation? but only so to star?
  6. Uralets
    Uralets 17 February 2014 07: 53
    +3
    It is an adequate article. Not a name, I would not understand that it is a Pole ..
  7. Igor39
    Igor39 17 February 2014 07: 54
    0
    The Poles can only talk about it, nothing depends on this independent country.
  8. drop
    drop 17 February 2014 08: 24
    +7
    I often had to visit Poland during the Soviet period. We then allowed them to create a tank factory, produce the AN-2, and produce rockets for helicopter suspensions. And this was done with my participation. But already then they saw that the Poles were not technori, not warriors. They are merchants and fear power. Therefore, radionavigation chains were deployed along the border, the use of which made it possible at any time to destroy military facilities by attack aircraft from low altitudes without their losses. Field works have confirmed this. Poland will never be our friend. This we could not achieve, freeing her back in 1945 year. The policy of our country, I believe, should proceed from the presence of our own powerful army, navy, aviation and computer science. As our ancestors bequeathed. I have the honor
    1. Magadan
      Magadan 17 February 2014 10: 25
      +3
      The Poles can make peace with us if they want. They just so-so stuffed their heads with our "crimes" that they do not want to think about "who first started". And they began in the Time of Troubles. We are to them with all our hearts, and they considered us for bydlomass. So they got what they deserved and became our enemies. And then they also brought the Little Russian Cossacks to the handle and again raked them with a lull. As a result, there was the Great Rzeczpospolita, and just Poland became. They should repent, but no, they sit, they breathe anger and carefully concealed envy at us. And what kind of inner strength can an evil and envious person have?
      1. washi
        washi 17 February 2014 17: 23
        +2
        Quote: Magadan
        The Poles can make peace with us if they want. They just so-so stuffed their heads with our "crimes" that they do not want to think about "who first started". And they began in the Time of Troubles.

        It all began long before the time of troubles (Christianity is to blame, with its own divisions).
        The subjects of the Rzeczpospolita (during the time of unrest) were basically Russian, but already Catholics.
        The most revered kings in Poland and Lithuania are the Russian Jagelons (Jagiello).
        The language during the reunification of the principality (the corrupt Slavs were given the title of kingdom, Poles, Galicians, Czechs) of Polish and Russian-Lithuanian, the main language was Russian.
        By the way, the Teutonic Order was obliged to pay tribute to Moscow for the temporary use of land.
  9. Neophyte
    Neophyte 17 February 2014 09: 02
    +2
    Well-known information, just a Polish journalist once again voiced it.
    Russia, in conditions of the impoverishment of world resources, will have a very difficult time.
    We are surrounded by a mass of people who want to share and take our natural resources. What will be our answer in the coming decades is our question.
    survival. We may have to wage a defensive war on many
    fronts. Already now, there is a danger of migration from Asia, the consequences of which, we can only guess.
    I recall a poster during a service in the SA: Warrior, train your muscle and body, for the benefit of military affairs! The meaning is twofold, but true.
  10. Hort
    Hort 17 February 2014 09: 20
    +2
    Fortunately, there are still no global conflicts looming on the horizon.
    very loom
  11. Magadan
    Magadan 17 February 2014 10: 18
    +1
    Correctly the Pole worries. And all that is so small in the World is just in abundance in Russia. So, people, time works for us. The main thing is not to allow full-time liberals to tear the country apart and arrange a coup. We just need to keep a dull defense. To keep everything that our valiant ancestors got to us!
  12. ilya_82
    ilya_82 17 February 2014 10: 33
    0
    The main message of the article is that the Russians uncontrollably shut off the gas valve, tidy up the Lomonosov Ridge, and the Chinese grabbed Africa, a couple of archipelagos, while the Lomonosov Ridge and archipelagos, and Africa should belong to the EU and the USA, because they are the beacon of democracy, pacifism, and mercy. Well, the Polish pr @ prostitute should have something to fall into, because she so nobly falls under them.
  13. V. A.
    V. A. 17 February 2014 10: 53
    +2
    The chances are increasing that in the next 10 years, despite all the difficulties that lie ahead in these uncomfortable places, it will be possible to access the still untouched deposits of oil, gas, gold, diamonds and others lurking at the bottom of wealth.

    He smiled ... De Beers smokes nervously, waiting for the discovery of a diamond deposit.
  14. Leshka
    Leshka 17 February 2014 11: 05
    0
    the only way to cut down on earth
  15. siberalt
    siberalt 17 February 2014 14: 08
    0
    Asgard:

    "For the Russian Ocean (the old name of the Arctic)) to remain Russian. We must change the Power."

    And what can radically change from a change of power? It is necessary to change the form of statehood. And start with the Constitution of the Russian Federation.
    1. washi
      washi 17 February 2014 17: 26
      0
      Quote: siberalt
      And what can radically change from a change of power? It is necessary to change the form of statehood. And start with the Constitution of the Russian Federation.

      What does the change of statehood mean?
      Can start with the enforcement of laws?
  16. Support
    Support 17 February 2014 17: 38
    0
    Quote: Vasya
    Quote: siberalt
    And what can radically change from a change of power? It is necessary to change the form of statehood. And start with the Constitution of the Russian Federation.

    What does the change of statehood mean?
    Can start with the enforcement of laws?


    If Vorje, Julie and Speculators invent and impose their laws on Us, then we will not live right. Mr. Seagull indicated to us Our Place - what laws ?????
  17. parus2nik
    parus2nik 17 February 2014 18: 32
    0
    Judging by the article, the Poles were clearly cheated smile ... I want the panamas to participate in the redivision of the world smile
    1. dropout
      dropout 17 February 2014 20: 03
      0
      Quote: parus2nik
      .. I want to panam in the redistribution of the world to participate

      And why not. "The army of the Polish Berlin took the Russian trochs helped"
      There’s one little thing, you can find it on the Internet, claims that his uncle was the first to set the banner over the Reichstag.
  18. Gomunkul
    Gomunkul 17 February 2014 21: 34
    +1
    “Can water scarcity cause World War III?” - recently asked Professor Michael Clare
    No one was surprised by this phrase of the professor? The ratio of land to water on Earth is 30% and 70%, what kind of water shortage can we talk about? Lies elevated to the rank of science! If you recall how many times the Earth’s population was scared by different problems: the destruction of the ozone layer, global warming, global hunger, global cooling, now global dehydration. hi
  19. polkovnik manuch
    polkovnik manuch 17 February 2014 22: 38
    0
    What are you talking about, who will let some Danes into the Russian North? Are you surprised that Poland is silent? She is not silent, she is rearming, how many tanks she bought from the Bundeswehr! And now he’s thinking: the road is closed in Kaliningrad (teeth will be beaten off right away, it’s at best!), In Ukraine try to try your luck, so with whom? With Romanians, even banderlogs will disperse their camp, and with banderlogs (although they are now, it seems like allies for an hour) are reluctant to do business, the Poles remember, I have no doubt, the atrocities of Bandera during the Second World War on the territory of Poland, and through them further to go, the gut is thin.
  20. and why
    and why 18 February 2014 00: 33
    0
    For some reason, the author did not mention India and Pakistan, and there are nuclear weapons there. In recent years, India has also been actively expanding conventional weapons, and this is not good. It seems there has recently been an analysis of what the nuclear war between India and Pakistan will lead to for the whole world. Kayuk is certainly not complete, but a huge number of people will die out, including due to lack of food.