Military Review

Made in Turkey

Made in Turkey

Standard ACV-15 with Sharpshooter turret, armed with an 25-mm automatic cannon

Over the past three decades, Turkey has gradually built the foundation of a stable local defense industry. Consider the progress of this country in the field of some ground systems for the army.

In the next 20 years, it is expected that Turkey will receive almost all of its military equipment from local sources, completing a long phase of investment in technology and infrastructure.

Haluk Buluchu, director of business development at FNSS, said: “Over the past 20 years, we have gone from training to understanding how to manage large projects, how to build and, finally, how to design, with the government and the Secretariat of the Defense Industry (SSM) own cars ".

This cooperation allowed the local industry to meet the needs of the Turkish armed forces by 2011% by 54 year. “I believe that in the next 20 years, Turkey will buy all its weapons from its own industry,” he continued.

Solid work

The path towards the development of a local military-industrial base began in 1985 with the creation of the Defense Industry Secret (SSM), whose objectives were the development of Turkish defense capabilities and the modernization of national armed forces. In order to give the country the necessary capabilities, the Secretariat has focused on meeting the needs of the armed forces through a combination of industrial participation and offset programs.

As a result of these efforts, a sustainable industrial structure of more than one hundred defense enterprises was established, and the SSM considered a large number of projects worth 30 billion dollars in total. This success has also attracted the attention of foreign customers and the Turkish industry has become an internationally competitive industry.

The land sector, in particular, is the main growth area. Although the past decade was determined by the needs of the United States and its allies deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan, in land vehicles, but now the situation may change. The withdrawal of troops from these countries, coupled with the limitations of Western defense budgets and changes in the political space, may very well be the cause of reductions in this part of the market.

However, in the coming decade most of the investment will be determined by post-Afghan calculation. It is clear that countries like Turkey can play an important role in promoting growth; From their point of view, a number of developing forces, including friction with neighboring Syria, will strengthen the country's needs for efficient ground vehicles capable of meeting the asymmetric threats of the modern battlefield.

In order to support and lead development in this area, SSM has published a Strategic Plan for 2012 - 2016 years. Within its framework, industrialization, technology and procurement programs are managed to further develop defense and security capabilities, which will attract not only local buyers, but also many foreign customers. Its priorities are the creation of sustainable growth in industry, the achievement of maturity in program management and the development of technological competence.

A variant of the Pars 8x8 machine was ordered by Malaysia; FNSS is optimistic about further export sales

Turkish Tanks

Signs of Turkey’s progress in the land sector can be seen on the example of one of its largest projects, the Altay program, which envisages the creation, development, production, testing and qualification of a new MBT to meet the requirements of the Turkish ground forces. SSM signed a contract in July 2008 with an Otokar company worth approximately 500 million dollars for the first phase of the program.

Under the contract, the company will work with its South Korean partner, Hyundai Rotem and subcontractors, as well as Turkish companies Aselsan, MKEK and Roketsan. At the initial stage of seven years, four Altay prototypes will be developed, manufactured, tested and qualified. If they successfully pass the tests, 250 machines will be manufactured at the stage of mass production, according to which separate contracts will be concluded.

One of the conditions of the contract is the greatest involvement of local companies in the project, but the technology for these machines will be obtained from Hyundai Rotem. The Altay design is based on the Korean Army’s K2 Black Panther tank. This is the first export model of Hyundai, winning the European rivals.

Otokar completed the Altay conceptual project in 2010 and presented a full-scale mockup at IDEF 2011. At Eurosatory 2012, the company announced that it had completed the working and preliminary stages and began the third and final stage - the development of a prototype and qualifications. The first two Altay prototypes were manufactured in November 2012 of the year.

Under this program, Aselsan will supply its OMS along with communication equipment, MKEK will supply an 120-mm smoothbore gun, and Roketsan will manufacture a modular reservation kit under a license from Hyundai Rotem.

Building relationships

Relations between South Korea and Turkey are very important for both countries. Korea Aerospace Industries signed 2007 contracts for millions of dollars in 400 for the export of its KT-1T training aircraft to the Turkish Air Force. Earlier, in 2001, Turkey bought a Samsung Techwin K9 self-propelled howitzer (it received the designation T-155 Firtina (Storm) in the Turkish army).

Both of these deals were the largest defense contracts signed by the South Korean industry at this time. They contributed to the expansion of its own defense industry, as well as the introduction of modern technology in Turkey.

The design of the MBT Altay is based on the project of the Korean tank K2 Black Panther

T-155 was supplied by Samsung Techwin under a technology transfer agreement worth one billion dollars. Ankara ordered a total of 300 systems, the initial batch was supplied by Samsung, and the remainder was manufactured under license. Some electronic systems, including inertial navigation system and MSA, were developed by the Turkish company Aselsan.

These schemes show how technology can be brought into the country through the use of low-risk programs, which will undoubtedly contribute to the growth of industry. Aselsan is currently supplying the OMS for the Altay tank and is also developing an automatic ammunition transportation system for the Firtina ARV transport and loading machine based on the South Korean TXM K10.

Along with the Firtina, the ARV also raises the interest of potential foreign buyers, including Azerbaijan and Saudi Arabia. MKEK successfully conducted demonstration firing of its towed 155 mm Panter howitzer and Firtina self-propelled howitzer in Saudi Arabia in 2012.
Turkey is also successful in developing the ACV (Armored Combat Vehicle) armored tracked vehicle. At the end of the 80s, the Turkish army had a need for several thousand platforms based on the AIFV armored infantry fighting vehicle, which in turn is based on the American armored personnel carrier M113. FNSS won a tender to develop a platform under a technology transfer agreement. At the same time, the first 285 cases were delivered to the assembly country, and the rest were completely manufactured in Turkey.

FNSS was originally established as a joint venture between the Turkish company Nurol Holding (51%) and BAE Systems (49%) with the goal of producing 1698 ACV for the Turkish land forces, beginning in 1991. Initially, it received the designation ACV-300, where 300 belonged to the Detroit Diesel 6V-53T engine with an 300 hp power, all cars are currently divided into ACV-15 and ACV-19 families based on weight category (15 and 19 tons, respectively ). The first version of the car came from the factory in 2000 year, the second ACV-19 was created in the same year, but released in the 2004 year.

Buluchu added: “When we won the tender for ACV, we sent a group of specialists to the United States to learn how to assemble and weld machines; the entire FNSS company is formed around the manufacture of machines under license and their timely delivery with the quality required by the Turkish customer. ”


The ACV program has become an important milestone in the development of local tracked vehicle manufacturing capabilities.

“The Turkish customer had his own vision of creating a defense industry in Turkey and we (at FNSS) around us formed a supplier base, investing in training, purchasing machinery and increasing quality requirements,” he continued. "In one year, the localization of the project began, within two years the product was localized from zero to 73%."

The AIFV chassis was taken as the basis and then the high-mobility ACV-15 middle class machine with a low silhouette was designed. It has additional installation sites for weapons and equipment, which allows for various configurations. The 13 – 15 ton machine is capable of high-speed operations in desert conditions and on roads at speeds up to 65 km / h.

The standard ACV-15 configuration includes an 25-mm M242 automatic cannon, a 7,62-mm machine gun, 12 standard smoke grenade launchers and a stabilized Sharpshooter turret. It has a diesel engine with power 350 hp; The machine is available in various variants including armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles.

ACV-19 has an increased internal space and a large load capacity, while maintaining unification with the ACV-15. The machine is armed with a 12,7-mm machine gun and eight smoke grenade launchers. The main difference is that it has an elongated body, a more powerful bead gear and a reinforced suspension for increased payload. The hull also provides protection against armor-piercing ammunition and mines.

“We not only fulfill the requirements of the Turkish army, but in the 1997 year we began to export our combat vehicles and the UAE became the first buyer,” Buluchu explained. "The first shipments to the UAE included machines of various configurations, and then export shipments to Malaysia and the Philippines followed."

The Turkish army issued a contract for the purchase of mobile assault bridge Pars

Natural advance

Moving toward wheeled combat vehicles was a natural advance for FNSS, which later developed the Pars (Leopard) family of vehicles.

“In 1998, we saw the need for wheeled vehicles and then we started thinking about introducing into this sector,” added Buluchu. “At that time, we manufactured ACV under license, and we gained a lot of experience in wheeled vehicles, organized cooperation and developed our Pars family in 2000 - 2010.”

The Pars 6x6 and 8x8 family of vehicles was chosen by the Turkish army, the company also received contracts for the development and production of two specialized options, a mobile assault bridge and an armored fighting earth-moving machine. Both vehicles are part of the strategic plan of the Turkish Defense Industry Secretariat.

The company also works with the Malaysian DefTech for the delivery of the AV8 machine based on Pars to the Malaysian armed forces.

“Government support has played a big role here, and the task is to ultimately satisfy all the needs of the Turkish military, but we are approaching saturation and growth will now slow down as we move into more complex technological areas,” said Buluchu.

From an export point of view, Buluchu believes that Turkey has created certain parameters that will help increase the success that it has already achieved: “The competitiveness of the European market is questionable, whereas in Turkey we have a young work force, a vibrant and ambitious industry. Therefore, in the next 20 years we will see our partners from Europe and America with the hope of seeking cooperation with us to penetrate the markets of Asia and the Middle East. ”

He believes that, like Turkey, other countries also want to develop their own industry. Instead of retaining only the local production base, Buluchu wants to form partnerships in new markets, transfer knowledge and “share the benefits.” This approach is different from the attitude of Western companies that want to sell from their own countries.

Suppliers of electronics and weapons systems

In addition to the main programs for the machines, SSM invests in local companies in order to promote electronics and weapons systems. MKEK is carrying out a project on a modern rifle for infantry in order to meet the requirements of the Turkish armed forces.

The company manufactured the 5,56-mm HK-33 assault rifle under license and at the IDEF 2007 exhibition; it showed a new prototype of the T-50 rifle, having a common body with the HK33E. MKEK also entered into a contract with the SSM to develop a machine gun.

5,56-mm assault rifle HK-33

Aselsan manufactures Python / Boa sights for the Turkish army. Light and durable, uncooled (on vanadium oxide) thermal imager with 384x288 matrix works in the long-wavelength range; it was designed for the individual weapons or branch weapons or surveillance applications. It can discern targets in bad weather, work in complete darkness, it will not turn off or light up when exposed to direct sunlight.

The company also developed the Eagle Eye fire control system, designed for shooters and machine commanders with the ability to capture targets in motion. It can work in bad weather or in combat conditions, even when using visual camouflage.

Through a carefully tailored investment in selected areas, the SSM secretariat has successfully laid the foundations for Turkey’s strong and sustainable defense industry. By creating international partnerships, using offset programs and technology transfer, as well as a strong R & D culture, Turkey is already creating technology that competes internationally. With the continued leadership of SSM and the high qualifications of its contractors, the future of the Turkish land sector looks brilliant.

Materials used:
Land Warfare International April / May 2013
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  1. miihhan
    miihhan 7 February 2014 09: 52
    Well done !!!)))))
    1. Geisenberg
      Geisenberg 7 February 2014 15: 19
      Quote: miihhan
      Well done !!!)))))

      Explicitly preparing either for the end of the world or for withdrawal from NATO ...
      1. Bagatur
        Bagatur 9 February 2014 11: 24
        Turks are not stupid! They invest money in their own economy and the development of the defense industry and that’s right! Why do you always need to buy someone else if you can do it yourself?
  2. ramin_serg
    ramin_serg 7 February 2014 10: 20
    Each self-respecting country should produce the bulk of the military equipment used by itself.
    1. ayyildiz
      ayyildiz 7 February 2014 11: 39
      HK-33 did not like military production repainted!
      Tests pass the new machine 7,62 Turkish design!
      1. Duke
        Duke 7 February 2014 13: 50
        An interesting design is the bipod from the front handle.
      2. Bagatur
        Bagatur 9 February 2014 11: 25
        Not really! New system "Mehmetchik - 1" based on NK-416 !!!
        1. ayyildiz
          ayyildiz 9 February 2014 15: 02
          Mehmetchik-1 has long been abandoned, and it was 5,56! And in the photo 7.62! And it is not based on NK-416-417!
  3. svskor80
    svskor80 7 February 2014 10: 26
    For Turkey, this is certainly gorgeous. Only such a small economy wouldn’t break into the production of a full cycle of technology. It will be very difficult to compete in the international market with these products.
    1. Akim
      Akim 7 February 2014 10: 44
      Quote: svskor80
      It will be very difficult to compete in the international market with these products.

      They have their own large army and they also mastered the export niche.
      1. Apollo
        Apollo 7 February 2014 11: 22
        By title and content of the topic.

        quote-5,56-mm assault rifle HK-33
    2. Yeraz
      Yeraz 7 February 2014 13: 40
      Quote: svskor80
      Only such a small economy wouldn’t break into the production of a full cycle of technology.

      And where did you get the idea that it is small ?? or are you from that group of people who believe that Turkey lives off Russian tourists))

      Here is the data.


      404 billion Turkish liras ($ 223 billion)


      12.8 trillion rubles ($ 426 billion)

      As you can see in the absence of huge reserves of resources. Turkey’s budget is only half the Russian budget.

      But at the same time, the Turks allocate 6 times less money from the budget for the army than in Russia, although the budget is only 2 times less.

      Therefore, it will not tear.
    3. alone
      alone 7 February 2014 21: 14
      Quote: svskor80
      Only such a small economy wouldn’t break into the production of a full cycle of technology. It will be very difficult to compete in the international market with these products.

      )) Well, let's say the economy is not so small. But the full-cycle production just gives an impetus to the development of industry. This is a very correct solution. These are jobs and new enterprises, but you can compete. There will always be a buyer.
  4. TS3sta3
    TS3sta3 7 February 2014 11: 20
    well done! right, you need to develop your VPK. the main thing is that this weapon never shoots.
    1. Namejs
      Namejs 8 February 2014 02: 28
      Done right! Nice to see how our NATO allies grow stronger good
  5. ed65b
    ed65b 7 February 2014 11: 30
    Well, all countries are growing and Turkey is also not all the same to them to run with scimitars and fight on someone else's. An extra competitor in the market will appear the same thing let the rest not relax. Ours is not particularly concerned yet, but it's time to scratch your turnips.
    1. Akim
      Akim 7 February 2014 11: 39
      Quote: ed65b
      An extra competitor in the market will appear the same thing let the rest not relax. Ours is not particularly concerned yet, but it's time to scratch your turnips.

      In Soviet times, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Romania, Czechoslovakia, and Poland also exported their weapons. And everyone had enough.
  6. Zymran
    Zymran 7 February 2014 11: 51
    Altai looks very interesting when they bring it to mind, it would be nice for ours to buy a batch of these tanks.
    1. Kazbek
      Kazbek 7 February 2014 12: 19
      Quote: Zymran
      Altai looks very interesting when they bring it to mind, it would be nice for ours to buy a batch of these tanks.
      Interestingly, on the kiwi, this unit was designated as "Kazakh tank" Altai " laughing ..?!
      New Kazakh Tank K-2 / New kazakh main battle tank - Altay
      1. Zymran
        Zymran 7 February 2014 12: 53
        We have Nurotank. laughing
      2. Yeraz
        Yeraz 7 February 2014 13: 43
        Quote: Kazbek
        Interestingly, on the kiwi, this unit was designated as the "Kazakh tank" Altai

        Altai he is common.

        I’ll clarify Russian to users right away, we don’t pretend to separate and join Altai, but I must remember the roots of the Türks.
        1. TS3sta3
          TS3sta3 7 February 2014 13: 52
          if you are talking about a tank, then it’s Turkish, and if it’s about a mountain Altai, then it’s Russian, Chinese, Mongolian and Kazakhstan.
          Incidentally, the Altai tank was named after Army General Fakhrettin Altai, who commanded the 5 m cavalry corps during the Turkish War of Independence 1919 - 1923.
          it is not srach.
          1. Firebox
            Firebox 7 February 2014 21: 31
            yeah, the Kazakhs have a ruu (tribe, clan) called ALTAI, and it is very old since the formation of the Kazakh Khanate
            so stick your Ren-tv bikes to hell
            1. TS3sta3
              TS3sta3 7 February 2014 23: 17
              what other stories, my aggressively uncultured friend?
              1. Firebox
                Firebox 9 February 2014 01: 31
                the same ones which also say that there was no Mongol invasion, and this is all a myth of the West that would humiliate the great Russia blah blah blah
                1. TS3sta3
                  TS3sta3 9 February 2014 18: 57
                  Well, why are you telling me this? we are discussing the meaning of the word Altai, and not the Mongol invasion, the myths of the West and blah blah blah.
    2. svp67
      svp67 7 February 2014 20: 10
      Quote: Zymran
      Altai looks very interesting when they bring it to mind, it would be nice for ours to buy a batch of these tanks.
      "Toy" - no more, not the speed of the rollers, not the speed, not the maneuverability ... If you buy, then only for acquaintance with the German-Korean developments ...
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. ayyildiz
        ayyildiz 9 February 2014 15: 09

        The toy is already shooting!
    3. Bagatur
      Bagatur 9 February 2014 11: 31
      K-2 "Black Panther" has three problems, they switched to "Altai": 1. Transmission is very fragile, there are many breakages; 2. Engine-to bring to mind a new 1800 hp, while not keeping up with the German MTU, politically, the Swabi does not always give the go-ahead to wear Turkish technology with German know-how; 3. Cost - the Korean car is very expensive - 8 million dollars. ashchuk!
      1. ayyildiz
        ayyildiz 9 February 2014 15: 10
        You probably do not know about creating a joint engine with the Japanese!
  7. Horst78
    Horst78 7 February 2014 12: 09
    And I liked the Pars mobile assault bridge
    1. svp67
      svp67 7 February 2014 19: 21
      Quote: Horst78
      And I liked the Pars mobile assault bridge
      Interesting, but ECA is unseen
      Crawler Self Propelled Ferry - GPS

      And Oh Chyudo, PMM -1

  8. svp67
    svp67 7 February 2014 16: 30
    Thanks for the stuff. I will say one thing the video presentation of "Altai" was not impressed ... "toy" it is somehow ... and "dolphins" on it to catch, just on the way ...
    1. cosmos111
      cosmos111 7 February 2014 22: 30
      Quote: svp67
      I will say one thing the video presentation of "Altai" was not impressed ... "toy" it is somehow ... and "dolphins" on it

      The Arms Exhibition-Defexpo India 2014 is currently underway.
      Presented >>> Arjun MK2 tank. Not "toy", exactly.
      1. svp67
        svp67 8 February 2014 04: 10
        Quote: cosmos111
        Not "toy", exactly.
        Time and practice of operation will show how real it is ...
  9. Namejs
    Namejs 7 February 2014 19: 23
    Nice to see how NATO allies develop their forces
    1. trenitron
      trenitron 8 February 2014 07: 09
      Oh well, you're wrong. Agree that it would be much more pleasant to see the complete collapse of the fascist NATO bloc and the complete collapse of the armed forces of the NATO states
      1. postman
        postman 8 February 2014 19: 30
        Quote: trenitron
        collapse fascist NATO bloc

        before you write CRASH, at least take a look at the explanatory dictionary, xy from "fascism"
        The Germans would definitely be offended ...
        And the Italians would consider you a completely illiterate noob
        1. trenitron
          trenitron 9 February 2014 07: 15
          Unlike you, I completely give a report to what I wrote. And I do not care about the opinion of the Germans, Italians, etc. (although they are less relevant). Before instructing me, look at the numbers of how many people were destroyed in the 2nd half of the 20th century and in the 21st century as a result of NATO actions, how many soldiers they unleashed, and how many secret camps they created. Do not forget at the same time 4 signs of fascism, if so competent.
          1. postman
            postman 9 February 2014 11: 36
            Quote: trenitron
            I’m fully aware of you

            "vague doubts torment me"
            Quote: trenitron
            And I do not care about the opinion of the Germans, Italians, etc. (although they are less relevant).

            low degree of education and clichism, and rushing.
            For your information:
            Fascism originates in Italy, its ancestor, “godfather” was Benito Mussolini.
            23.03.19/XNUMX/XNUMX Mussolini organized the first combat organization "Union of Struggle" and gave it is called “Fashi”, which in translation into Russian means: “a bunch, a bunch of rods”, but the so-called sign of "dignity of the masters."
            The first ideology of fascism was formulated Giovanni Gentile Mussolini just put his signature under it.
            The fascist state of Italy and personally Mussolini there was no anti-Semitism, racism, chauvinism, etc., there was no discrimination, harassment, executions, etc.

            Suffice it to say that during the war in Italy it was repressed 7 680 people Jewish nationality, in Greece 67 people, in France 000 people, in Austria 77 people
            The Germans were VERY offended when they were called "fascists" (and this is true, as it does not correspond to reality), and the Italians, who the hell from incense, "fled" from the neighborhood with the NSDAP.

            Quote: trenitron
            Before you lecture me

            Yes nah * p you surrendered then? what should I teach a stupid template, which has a ganglion instead of a brain?
            No need to fart, about what you do not know.
            Why then do not call NATO 9 and others like them): Ananists, voyeurs, phalanxists Franco, “Iron Guards”, Estado Novo, Integralists, or, finally, Khmer Rouge ???
            Quote: trenitron
            how many people were destroyed in the 2nd half of the 20th century and in the 21st century in

            ? and how many?
            The Khmer Rouge (Kmae Krɑhɑɑm) - communist movement agrarian in Communist movement in Cambodia.
            Pol Pot Crime Clique Protocol - Ieng Sari - Khieu Samphana:
            between 1975 and 1978, the death toll was 2 people, including 746 peasants, 105 monks, 1 representatives of national minorities, 927 workers, employees and representatives of other professions, about 061 writers and journalists, some foreign citizens as well as old people and children. 25 people went missing and either died in the jungle or were buried in mass graves
            These 3 people were killed by hoes, clubs, burned, buried alive, cut into pieces, stabbed with sharp leaves of a sugar palm, poisoned, killed by electric shocks, they were tortured with pulling out nails, were crushed by tractor tracks, thrown to be eaten crocodiles, they cut out the liver, which served as food for the executioners, quartered young children alive, planted them in the air and mounted them on bayonets, beaten on tree trunks, raped women and put them on stake.
            1. postman
              postman 9 February 2014 11: 37
              Quote: trenitron
              Do not forget the 4 signs of fascism,

              What nonsense. WHAT 4?

              declaring reliance on the general population, not belonging to the ruling classes.
              authoritarianism (or totalitarianism),

              perfectly fit the era of the USSR, especially under Lenin, Stalin, Khrushchev
  10. Klim2011
    Klim2011 11 February 2014 22: 30
    Quote: ayyildiz

    The toy is already shooting!

    What shoots is somehow not very impressed, not a special difference from tanks from other manufacturers.
    But the rearview mirrors from Ikarus really liked. Powerful gadget, impressive :)