Military Review

Alexander Shabalin - Dragon of the Soviet Navy

26
History domestic fleet he knows many worthy naval officers who forever left their mark on her. One of these officers is Alexander Shabalin, the Rear Admiral of the Soviet Navy, a participant in the Soviet-Finnish War and World War II, twice nominated for the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, and for one year. During the war, he was the commander of an ordinary torpedo boat TKA-12. During the years of World War II, Alexander Shabalin sank 32 warships and enemy vehicles. There were simply no such achievements in the world.


Alexander Osipovich Shabalin - hereditary northerner. He was born 4 in November 1914, in a small village Yudmozero in the Onega district of the Arkhangelsk region in a simple peasant family. Already at 17, he left his home and went to Murmansk, where he entered the fishing trawler "Crab" as a cabin boy. For several years he went on the ships of the Murmansk trawling fleet, was a sailor, studied and became the navigator of the trawler. In 1936, Alexander was drafted into the army, naturally, to serve in the Navy.

Serve Alexander Shabalin began on the Baltic Sea in the training squad, a team of torpedo boats. These were rather unusual and interesting ships. Small, painted gray paint, equipped with motors, filled with explosive power. Quickly enough, Shabalin became the boatswain of a torpedo boat, which helped him to study the device of the vessel to the last screw. After 2, he became the commander of a torpedo boat. He managed to get an officer's rank, despite such a flaw as the lack of "official" education. It is worth noting that in those years the practice was valued no less, and sometimes much more than theory. Military education Shabalin will receive after the end of World War II.

By the beginning of the war, the torpedo boats were not listed as part of the Northern Fleet, only 1 August 1941 from Leningrad to Murmansk by rail was transferred 5 taken from the factory of boats. After conducting a course of combat training and a series of tests, the ships began to go to sea to conduct active combat operations. Despite the harsh climatic conditions of the Soviet Arctic, as well as quite a strong opposition from the Germans, the torpedo boats of the Northern Fleet time and again made bold raids on German communications, causing significant losses to the Germans.

Alexander Shabalin - Dragon of the Soviet Navy

11 September 1941, a torpedo boat "TKA-12", commanded by Junior Lieutenant Shabalin in tandem with "TKA-11", went to intercept a German convoy found at sea. The Soviet boats were able to break through the dense curtain of artillery and machine-gun fire and sent a convoy vessel converted from a fishing trawler to the bottom with a well-aimed torpedo salvo. This was the first victory of the sailors of the North Sea in the outbreak of the war. Literally 3 weeks later, the TKA-12 torpedo boat was able to achieve noticeably greater success by sinking large German transport in the Varanger Fjord, carrying more than 2 thousands of German soldiers and officers to the front, according to some information, they were mountain huntsmen, the elite of the German troops. For this attack, Alexander Shabalin was presented to the Order of Lenin.

The hero used his battle tactics

It is interesting to note the fact that the future twice Hero of the Soviet Union became an officer and commander of a torpedo boat, not having a special higher military education. Alexander Shabalin graduated from the Caspian Higher Naval School only in 1951, in which he not only had the lieutenant's shoulder straps, but also many government awards, including two gold Hero Stars.

The funny thing is that Alexander Shabalin had to learn naval tactics from textbooks, which by that time had already made unique torpedo attacks by Shabalin himself. The attacks of this seabass have always been distinguished by a non-standard approach and unpredictability. No wonder the Germans and his associates called Shabalin "elusive katernik". He had the gift to appear in the most unexpected places, while the enemy did not have time to come round, and inflicted deadly wounds to the Germans with his torpedoes, after which he left his pursuers unscathed.

At the same time in a combat situation, Alexander Shabalin was able to apply not only tactical, but also psychological tricks. It was he who became one of the first to use the technique with the attack of the enemy from his own coast. The meaning of such attacks was as follows. It is known that the crew of any vessel that moves along its shore, on which coastal batteries are located, airfields, and observer posts, are primarily preparing to repel an attack from the sea. It is precisely in the open sea that the commander of the ship, signalmen, the calculations of artillery guns and machine guns are focused.


Meanwhile, Shabalin preferred to attack just from the coast, from the side from which he was least expected to see. More than once it happened that in a night battle the torpedo boat fired all its torpedoes and, sinking or damaging the enemy's ships, did not leave the open sea, but again to the enemy shore, hiding in the shadow of high rocks. At the time, the boat even jammed its engines in order not to find its location to the enemy, not only with noise, but also with foam from the working propellers. So, with the engines turned off, the boat and its crew, hiding, waited for the Germans or their allies to get tired of looking for him and only then calmly went home to the base.

In the war, severe exams awaited Shabalin one by one. According to historical sources, he then landed reconnaissance groups on the guarded enemy coast, then in stormy weather he walked with a group of hunting boats to German bases in order to ensure the staging of active minefields on enemy communications.

December 22, 1943 Soviet aviation intelligence reported the discovery of an enemy convoy. The convoy consisted of only 3 transport ships, but their protection was provided by about 20 warships. Apparently, the transported cargo was very valuable for the Germans. In addition, they chose stormy weather for escorting the convoy, hoping that in such weather conditions Soviet hunting boats would not be able to go into the open sea. However, they went out. In the attack on this convoy, 2 torpedoes fired from the Shabalin boat successfully hit the German patrol and destroyer. As a result of this, 2 full-fledged warships of the enemy were sunk in one attack by a small vessel, which was several times smaller than them.

In February, 1944, Lieutenant-Captain Alexander Shabalin was awarded the Star of Hero of the Soviet Union. At that time, the 7 figure stood on the cabin of his torpedo boat, which meant the number of enemy ships he had sunk by that moment. Before that, he managed to send 4 vehicles, 2 fighting ships and 1 submarines to the bottom of the Barents Sea.


In the first days of October 1944, Shabalin took part in a large-scale Petsamo-Kirkenes offensive operation, which was carried out by the Karelian Front units, as well as by the forces of the Northern Fleet. The purpose of this offensive was the liberation of the northwestern tip of the Kola Peninsula. In order to cut off the branches of the German rangers of the escape route, it was decided to land a large landing force in the Linahamari harbor in a fairly narrow fjord. On a dark night of October 13, 1944 of the year more than 10 torpedo boats with paratroopers on board left the base. The headboat was driven by Alexander Shabalin, who by this time was already at the head of a link of brisk small marine torpedo bombers. The landing operation was completed successfully. The command had no questions about who distinguished himself in those battles, and already on November 5 1944, Shabalin was introduced to the second Gold Star medal.

After the end of the Great Patriotic War, Shabalin graduated from the Caspian Higher Naval School, and in 1955, academic courses for officers, organized at the Naval Academy. All post-war years he was in responsible work as part of the Soviet Navy. In 1969, Alexander Osipovich was given the title of Rear Admiral. From the same year he served as deputy chief of the Naval School to them. M. V. Frunze. For many years this school was a forge of command personnel for the Soviet fleet. Working at the school, he passed all his knowledge, experience and skills to future officers. He always had something to teach and what to tell young people. In 1975, he went to the reserve. The war hero spent his last years in Leningrad, where 16 passed away on January 1982. Shabalina was buried at the Serafimov cemetery.

The memory of the hero is preserved after his death, especially in his homeland. Alexander Shabalin will always remain an honorary citizen of the cities of Onega and Arkhangelsk. In the same place, in Onega, the hero was given a bronze bust, and in the city of Severomorsk in 1983, a memorial complex was opened in the square of Courage, which is dedicated to the memory of the heroes of North Sea, one of the exhibits of this complex is the same torpedo boat TKA-12, on which it sailed Shabalin. In addition, the streets in Arkhangelsk, Murmansk and a number of other cities, the large landing ship (BDK project 775) of the Baltic Fleet, as well as the passenger ship were named after him.

It would be wrong to finish the story without telling about the torpedo boat on which Shabalin sailed. TKA-12 is a Soviet torpedo boat of the type D-3. The full displacement of the boat is 35,7 m, the maximum length is 22,1 m, the width is 3,96 m, and the draft is 1,7 m. The boat was equipped with 3 motor 850 hp, which allowed it to reach speed in the 32 node. The armament of the boat consisted of 2-x 533-mm drag torpedo tubes and 2-x machine guns, he could also take on board up to 12 small depth charges. The crew of the boat consisted of a 9 man. Considering the outstanding military achievements of the TKA-12 boat, this torpedo boat was handed over to the Museum of the Northern Fleet by a special decision of the 14 Marine Chief Staff from June 1945. Therefore, the glorious traditions of the heroic crew continue to live now.

Information sources:
http://www.pravda.ru/society/fashion/models/11-11-2013/1181556-shabalin-0
http://www.warheroes.ru/hero/hero.asp?Hero_id=336
http://heroesship.ru/torpednyj-kater-tka-12
http://ru.wikipedia.org
Author:
26 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. 505506
    505506 22 November 2013 08: 48 New
    10
    Heroic man!
    How to make the information on the Heroes on TV not only on Victory Day, and on specific channels, but unobtrusively, but constantly, in short stories?
    1. Stinger
      Stinger 22 November 2013 18: 09 New
      +3
      Pak only deals with the Star channel. On the rest of Malakhov and Sobchaki.
    2. Gladiatir-zlo
      Gladiatir-zlo 22 November 2013 23: 22 New
      0
      A true hero, protection and hope of the Russian land
    3. Turik
      Turik 23 November 2013 10: 00 New
      +1
      32 SHIPS! Nemchura submarines nervously smokes on the sidelines. But he fought on the torpedo pelvis, not on the battleship.


      This is a man!
  2. Normal
    Normal 22 November 2013 08: 56 New
    +5
    Thanks to the author. All the same, they rarely write about "unspoken" war heroes.
  3. scorpido
    scorpido 22 November 2013 09: 55 New
    +4
    As a history buff, I was very surprised: "In the attack on this convoy, 2 torpedoes fired from Shabalin's boat successfully hit a German patrol and destroyer... As a result, 2 full-fledged enemy warships were sunk in one attack by a small boat, which was several times smaller. “As far as I know, our warships did not sink anything larger than the T-31 destroyer, and then suddenly a destroyer ... Probably you were wrong. 2 patrol boats were sunk.
    This is a source error http://www.pravda.ru/society/fashion/models/11-11-2013/1181556-shabalin-0
    1. Mister X
      Mister X 22 November 2013 19: 04 New
      +5
      Quote: scorpido
      As far as I know, our warships did not sink anything larger than the destroyer T-31 and then suddenly the destroyer ...


      Found a little list and decided to share
      Victory of the detachment of boats of the 1-th torpedo boat division (brigade of torpedo boats of the Northern Fleet)

      06.10.1941 - coaster “Bjornungen” (165 gross tonnage) sunk at Sture-Ekkere TCA No. 12.
      24.04.1942 - with the depth bombs of TCA No. 13 and No. 14, the U-454 submarine at Warde was seriously damaged.
      21.07.1943 - the Foula motor-bot (103 gross vehicle) was boarded and flooded at Vaitolahti TKA No. 12 and No. 13.
      21.09.1943 - Anje Fritzen transport (4330 gross vehicle), which had previously been blown up by mines fired by MO boats, sunk by TCA 15.
      22.12.1943 - Marie coaster (250 gross) sunk by TCA 13.
      07.05.1944 - the “Moder-2” motor-bot (124 gross vehicle) has been boarded and flooded by Lille-Ekkerey TK-215, TK-218 and TK-219.
      28.06.1944 - transport "Nerissa" (992 brt) at Petsamo sunk TK-239 and TK-241.
      15.07.1944 - three motobots: Storegga (41 gross), Hugin (124 gross) and Rossfjord (unknown tonnage) were destroyed in the Varangerfjord during the operation of eight TCAs - one motorbot was sunk by torpedoes, and two others were aborted and flooded subversive cartridges.
      19.08.1944 - in the attack of the 14 TCA on the convoy near Cyberness, the transport “Colmar” (the former Soviet “Volgoles”, 3992 brt) and the auxiliary TFR V-6102 (472 brt) were sunk.
      14.09.1944 - the M-252 minesweeper (775 t) was seriously damaged at Varde during the attack of four TCAs as a result of an unexploded torpedo entering the Defense Ministry, lost speed.
      25.09.1944 - auxiliary V-6101 TFR (504 brt) at Lille-Ekkerey was sunk by the TC-240 during the 9 TCA attack on the convoy.
      12.10.1944 - the minesweeper M-303 (775 t) was sunk at m. Cyberness during the 8 TCA attack on the convoy.
      21.10.1944 - in a series of four TCA attacks on a Persfjord convoy, the minesweeper M-31 (717 tons) was sunk and the R-311 (178 tons) was heavily damaged (according to some reports, the torpedo tore off its nose, according to others - it was damaged by an unexploded torpedo )

      Total - 10 ships, 2 minesweeper, 1 patrol ship, heavily damaged 1 submarines, 1 ramumbot and 1 minesweeper.

      If the list is incomplete - please add below.

      The commander of the destroyer "Uritsky":
      - It is impossible to go to sea in such a storm ...
      Admiral Golovko:
      - Okts! Shabalin's torpedo boats are already at sea!
  4. Apollo
    Apollo 22 November 2013 09: 56 New
    +4
    Thanks to the author for the article.

    quote-Alexander Osipovich Shabalin - hereditary northerner. He was born on November 4 1914 of the year in the small village of Yudmozero in the Onega region of the Arkhangelsk region into a simple peasant family.

    quote-After the completion of World War II Shabalin graduated Caspian Higher Naval School good , and in 1955, the academic courses of officers organized at the Naval Academy.

    Video in the subject.


    All veterans of the Second World War bow deeply.
  5. not a sailor
    not a sailor 22 November 2013 10: 09 New
    +4
    which German destroyer sank our katernik? during the whole war our fleet didn’t sink anything larger than the destroyer
  6. Nina Czerny
    Nina Czerny 22 November 2013 11: 28 New
    +1
    The article is good, but it only confuses the strange name. In the countries of Southeast Asia and in China, indeed, there is a tradition of calling a dragon hero. But we Russians do not have such traditions and the name is bewildering. The author would also call Shabalin Superman or Iron Man!
  7. Yarik
    Yarik 22 November 2013 12: 41 New
    0
    So, with the engines turned off, the boat and its crew, hiding, waited until the Germans or their allies got tired of searching for him and only then calmly went home to the base.

    On the northern theater of war, what are the Germans allies? The dates seemed to be completely absorbed by the Baltic and Ladoga. Maybe, I’m mistaken, correct it.
  8. Rinat 1
    Rinat 1 22 November 2013 12: 43 New
    +1
    Glory to the katernku Hero !!! Good article, albeit possibly with errors "In early October 1941 years, Shabalin took part in the large-scale Petsamo-Kirkenes offensive operation, which was carried out by units of the Karelian Front, as well as by the forces of the Northern Fleet. The purpose of this offensive operation was the liberation of the northwestern tip of the Kola Peninsula. In order to cut off the retreat routes for the German rangers, the decision was made to land in the Linahamari harbor in a rather narrow fjord of a large landing. Dark night of October 13 1944 year more than 10 torpedo boats with paratroopers on board left the base. "Most likely the author means 1944. Thanks to the author for writing about HEROES that many do not know hi
    1. The comment was deleted.
  9. Rinat 1
    Rinat 1 22 November 2013 12: 44 New
    0
    Glory to the katernku Hero !!! Good article, albeit possibly with errors "In early October 1941 years, Shabalin took part in the large-scale Petsamo-Kirkenes offensive operation, which was carried out by units of the Karelian Front, as well as by the forces of the Northern Fleet. The purpose of this offensive operation was the liberation of the northwestern tip of the Kola Peninsula. In order to cut off the retreat routes for the German rangers, the decision was made to land in the Linahamari harbor in a rather narrow fjord of a large landing. Dark night of October 13 1944 year more than 10 torpedo boats with paratroopers on board left the base. "Most likely the author means 1944. Thanks to the author for writing about HEROES that many do not know hi
  10. drop
    drop 22 November 2013 14: 00 New
    +4
    Dear readers of "VO", in the magazine "Yunost" I published the story "Maskitniki" about this legendary commander. in "VO" there was an article for the Day of the Navy "First Attack", read, please. By the nature of his work, he was personally acquainted with him.
  11. kaktus
    kaktus 22 November 2013 15: 40 New
    0
    Glory to the heroes! soldier Thanks to the author! hi
  12. xomaNN
    xomaNN 22 November 2013 16: 36 New
    +1
    Shabalin, as a hero I remember from my school years. I studied in the Arctic, in Severomorsk. And there was a special subject - Know your Arctic region. And then he often read about his real exploits. Katernik he is from God am
  13. sub307
    sub307 22 November 2013 16: 37 New
    +2
    "As a result, 2 full-fledged enemy warships were sunk in one attack by a small vessel, which was several times smaller than them."
    And, so - how many times cheaper than "opponents". Skillfully used by heroic people like Shabalin, it is an extremely effective weapon.
    1. not a sailor
      not a sailor 22 November 2013 16: 59 New
      +2
      sorry, I'm a newbie here, but I read regularly that none of our German destroyers drowned them on any TVD
      1. Andrey77
        Andrey77 22 November 2013 18: 22 New
        0
        Didn't heat. The author got carried away "a little" and began to attribute victories.
  14. The comment was deleted.
  15. altman
    altman 22 November 2013 18: 16 New
    0
    How did they all leave early .. Shabalin was not even 70 ..
  16. Taoist
    Taoist 22 November 2013 18: 30 New
    +1
    Hmm ... and the monument then urgent restoration requires ... the lining has decayed, even under the paint is visible. The power set was deformed, so not today tomorrow it will break in half. The boat is wooden. You can’t do it like this under the open sky, and even on such a pedestal where the half-body is weighted ... The power set for such a constant bending load is not designed.
  17. Poruchik 90
    Poruchik 90 22 November 2013 19: 35 New
    0
    A low bow to him and to everyone who fought not for fear, but for the homeland, for the family - for mothers, wives, children !!!
  18. vkrav
    vkrav 22 November 2013 20: 08 New
    +1
    We have Shabalina Street. To fight on boats in the northern seas is a feat in itself.
  19. okroshka79
    okroshka79 22 November 2013 23: 34 New
    +1
    How our boatmen fought in the Northern Fleet is well described in the memoirs of the commander of the brigade of torpedo boats during the war, later the head of the P.V. Nakhimov Vice Admiral Alexander Vasilyevich Kuzmin
  20. Ivan Pitersky
    Ivan Pitersky 23 November 2013 02: 35 New
    0
    Question-and no one noticed-that "The Secret Fairway" is the story of this man ?? (with some director's reservations ")
  21. Su-9
    Su-9 23 November 2013 07: 37 New
    0
    Shabalin is a man of legend, a hero.
    There is no decrease, no increase.
    The article is frankly pop. Of course I would like more real and historical descriptions. Moreover, in the conditions of the northern theater of war and in comparison with many others, Shabalin fought just amazingly well.
  22. moremansf
    moremansf 23 November 2013 13: 25 New
    0
    Severnomorsk katerniki were always at the forefront. On October 21 of October 1944, torpedo boats under the command of captain of the 2 rank VN Alekseev, captain of the 3 rank Fedorov and captain-lieutenant Efimov resolutely defeated the enemy convoy in the Persian Fjord. Both vehicles that were part of the convoy were sunk by torpedoes from extremely short distances, after which the Soviet boats returned without loss to the base of Pummanka. During the military operations, the North Sea sailors of torpedo boats under the command of the captain of the 2 rank V.N. Alekseev sunk 17 enemy ships.

    By the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of November 5 of November 1944 for the courage and heroism shown in battles with the Nazi invaders, captain of the 2 rank Alekseev Vladimir Nikolaevich was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and the Gold Star medal (No. 5065 )
  23. VohaAhov
    VohaAhov 24 November 2013 16: 33 New
    +1
    A. Shabalin was a boatman, and the BDK was named after him.
  24. mithridate
    mithridate 24 November 2013 17: 37 New
    0
    Glory to the HEROES, who won victory with their sweat and blood!
  25. fan_
    fan_ 25 November 2013 17: 16 New
    0
    I live in Arkhangelsk did not know that Shabalin Street is named after the hero of the Second World War! I only know st. Rosa Shanina (she was a sniper). I will correct my flaws.
  26. vava
    vava 17 June 2015 22: 24 New
    0
    Today I walked past the house in which Shabalin lived for almost 30 years. He is almost the only Twice Hero who fought with the enemy directly on the ship ... From the article it’s not entirely clear - for 7 Hero’s ships and ships, there are 32 in total. What is known about the remaining 25? It seems that at the end of the war he also managed to fight in the Baltic ...
  27. lBEARl
    lBEARl 10 December 2019 23: 18 New
    0
    The article was written a long time ago. But he could not pass by. Maybe someone will read. I come from the city of Onega, Arkhangelsk region. In Onega there is Shabalin Square on which a bronze bust is installed. My grandfather Savin Arkady Stepanovich, a native of the village of Lyamts, Onega region, Arkhangelsk region, was in command of one of the 10 boats that broke under the fire of German mortar batteries into the narrow Linamamari fjord for landing. Grandfather was not very willing to talk about the war. But at the request of his mother, he told how the sailors stood in clutching hands in a chain in the October water with a lock, and paratroopers in full uniform landed on their hands ashore, and even heavily loaded with additional ammunition. Boats could not land right on the shore due to the peculiarities of its structure. Grandfather died a year before my birth.