Military Review

UAZ with the engine of the aircraft? Exactly!

18
What happens if you put an airplane engine on a car? In the imagination, racing cars immediately appear, where speed records are set somewhere on the dried salt lake Bonneville.


However, there is a more rational and practical use, and the car can be used much more affordable. Look at the photo: inside this slightly unusual UAZ a real gas turbine engine is installed. Same as on airplanes.



Interested?

2. The first thing that catches your eye is the front bumper, which serves as a corrugated hose tray, unusual projections under the headlights. The most attentive will notice a raised neck right behind the right door, although there is one more below, like all normal UAZ vehicles.



3. Taking advantage of the hospitality of the airport staff, we open the cabin door. This is where the most interesting lies.
Immediately after the driver installed a huge fuel tank. Behind the fuel tank is some kind of device with a bunch of wires, tubes and hoses.



4. The entire cabin of the UAZ car is occupied by a gas turbine engine. What is he doing here? Maybe this is a spare part for repair? No, obviously the engine is connected and can work. Someone decided to set a speed record among UAZ? Also no.



5. Let's take a look at the cabin. To the right of the driver, there is such a control panel for all this farming. So, a little clears up, obviously the engine can rotate the generators. But it is unlikely that in order to make a mobile power station such a complex structure would be built. Correctly, this UAZ has more important tasks besides power generation.



6. Leave the cabin for a while and walk along the airfield. By the way, about electricity, our guess was confirmed. See the power outlet near the headlamp?



7. Everyone knows that the plane needs engines to fly. On most modern aircraft, they are located on the wings. Most often they are two, like this Boeing-737, or four, like the Boeing-747 or the giant Airbus A-380. But in fact, there are not only main engines on planes. In order for the parking system to work hydraulic systems, air conditioning, electricity and other aircraft systems were provided, it would be extremely irrational to launch powerful and voracious main engines. Therefore, the aircraft has a smaller engine - an auxiliary power unit, abbreviated APU. Usually it is located in the tail of the liner.



8. Now the plane is towed by a tractor. The main engines are not running, but it is clear that the APU is working. Do you see a stream of exhaust gases?



9. The APU is used on virtually all types of aircraft to provide energy to all systems, as well as to start the main engines. Look closely, in almost all aircraft you will see a small hole in the back - this is the APU nozzle.



10. Why it is impossible to put any engine easier or a bunch of batteries and a starter like in a car? Of course, the point is the enormous power that is required on the plane. Engines are usually started by a stream of compressed air, which is produced by the turbine. In addition, the APU rotates the generators and can supply air to the salon, of course, not as hot as it leaves the nozzle.



11. Now it becomes clear the purpose of these hoses and this UAZ. The auxiliary power unit may fail, or it may be necessary to provide power, or to quickly warm up the plane after a long winter stay. In these and other cases, the UAZ with a gas turbine engine in the cabin will come to the rescue. By the way, he does not drive at all quickly - the speed of movement on the airfield of the entire 30 km / h, not more. Why so slow? Firstly, for security reasons, secondly, the weight is almost 3 tons.



Some technical details:

The air launch unit is designed to launch gas turbine aviation engines with hot compressed air and to power the on-board equipment of aircraft with direct and alternating current at the time of launch.

The unit is mounted on the base of the UAZ-37411 vehicle in which are placed:

power point
suction and exhaust system
air system
fire protection system
electrical equipment
means of communication.
The unit can operate at temperatures from -50 ° C to + 50 ° C and relative humidity to 98%.

The power plant and lubrication system is a gas turbine, single-shaft with air extraction behind the compressor, with a TA-6А engine. The unit is equipped with an autonomous fuel supply system for the engine TA-6А. The same engine is used as an auxiliary power unit for Tu-154, Il-62М, Il-76 and Tu-22М, An-22А aircraft.

Operation mode (continuous air supply time):
- at t n.v. below + 25 ° С - 20 min.
- at t n.v. from + 25 ° С to + 50 ° С - 10 min.

Installation power (with H = 0, P = 760mmHg, t n. = + 15 ° C):
- pressure (with air flow 1,35 kg / s - 4,5 +/- 0,2 kg / cm²)
- temperature - 200 +/- 20 ° С

electric power
DC power supply: 27 V
Alternating current 3 I I with derived neutral 208 V, frequency 400 Hz.

Total power at air supply mode, kVA: up to 32
including DC, kW: up to 6.

Total power at generator mode (without air supply), kVA: up to 45
including DC, kW: up to 6.

12. So if you see this strange bug-eyed UAZ at the airport, you know, this is a very important car.



Thank you for the tour and assistance in writing a report on the staff of Domodedovo Airport, the most hospitable airport for Russia.
Originator:
http://zhzhitel.livejournal.com/
18 comments
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  1. 505506
    505506 20 November 2013 08: 44
    12
    Thanks to the author, for an interesting tour !!! And the car is interesting, how many of them were released? And who released? Homemade or special order limited?
  2. pv1005
    pv1005 20 November 2013 09: 20
    +8
    UAZ with an UAZ engine + special equipment in the form of a gas turbine engine.
  3. FunkschNNX
    FunkschNNX 20 November 2013 09: 31
    12
    This is not a UAZ with a jet engine, it is just an UAZ aerodrome with a gas turbine engine. A car with a jet engine looks like this:
    1. FunkschNNX
      FunkschNNX 20 November 2013 09: 34
      +4
      or something like this:
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. svp67
        svp67 20 November 2013 12: 34
        +7
        And you can ...
        1. The comment was deleted.
          1. knn54
            knn54 20 November 2013 22: 19
            +1
            And it was so.
            At one time, The Beast was listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the most powerful car in the world. 12 V-shaped cylinders, 4 valves and 2 candles per cylinder, 27 liters of total volume, 2 camshafts in each head of the block, engine idle speed - 120 per minute, maximum power according to various estimates - from 850 to 1000 " horses ”at 2 rpm, and the maximum speed is 500. Fuel is 2th gasoline, more than a liter per kilometer, and the tank capacity is 800 liters. From the grille to the windshield - 95 meters!
            By the way, The Beast is not the only car under the hood of which there was a similar engine. In Australia, there is a 1955 Chevrolet with the same Merlin engine. These engines were installed in many aircraft of the Second World War - for example, in the famous British Spitfire fighter.
      3. AVV
        AVV 21 November 2013 00: 08
        0
        Is it grass burning at the airport ???
  4. Ivan79
    Ivan79 20 November 2013 09: 38
    +3
    It is a pity there is no photo of the UAZ exhaust nozzle. smile
  5. Des10
    Des10 20 November 2013 10: 16
    +6
    Thank you, everything is clear, the case and the little-known.
  6. AlNikolaich
    AlNikolaich 20 November 2013 10: 16
    0
    In Saratov, the aircraft factory was such a machine. Yellow. Now the aircraft factory is gone. But the car occasionally flashes in the city.
  7. ed65b
    ed65b 20 November 2013 10: 48
    0
    And I thought that really UAZ racing. Oh bummer. smile
  8. And Us Rat
    And Us Rat 20 November 2013 11: 02
    +1
    Good informative article, to the author + good
  9. Vasia kruger
    Vasia kruger 20 November 2013 11: 03
    +3
    Thank you, it was very interesting)
  10. ivshubarin
    ivshubarin 20 November 2013 12: 12
    +3
    There were experiments on installing a gas turbine engine at KRAZ. The engine is very compact and powerful, no need to warm in cold weather, quickly reaches full power, but fuel consumption has crossed out all the advantages
    1. ivshubarin
      ivshubarin 20 November 2013 13: 36
      +1
      Amerovsky Kenworth. GTE weighed a little and it could lift two people
      1. The comment was deleted.
  11. cth; fyn
    cth; fyn 20 November 2013 13: 13
    +9
    Well, this UAZ is a workhorse, but such things are really art.
  12. loft79
    loft79 20 November 2013 13: 32
    +4
    Very interesting article. Thanks. hi
    Interested, found:
    AIST-6C air launch vehicle based on GAZ-33021.
    The unit uses the Rheinmetall MSU-200 air-launch module
  13. Miffody
    Miffody 20 November 2013 13: 59
    +1
    At one time we could not start PS90 with the help of this "UAZ".
  14. DimychDV
    DimychDV 20 November 2013 16: 14
    +1
    In 1984, in a nearby training ground, quite a land one, we blown a parade ground with a jet engine from a trailer. There was some national fuel. Apparently, the personnel had problems with the brooms, and the coots had an order with creativity and connections ...
    1. Denis
      Denis 22 November 2013 04: 25
      +1
      like someone, although there were MAZs with such fluff from MiG
  15. s.cot
    s.cot 20 November 2013 21: 58
    +2
    I watched in Tolmachevo (Novosibirsk) how to clean or dry the runway and taxiing with a jet engine mounted on the edge. First I ran an UAZ with a rack, apparently I measured the clutch, then I saw this edge. It was clearly visible how the ice flies off and the strip dries. Then again the UAZ with the rack and finally released the plane.
  16. Denis
    Denis 22 November 2013 04: 14
    +1
    Heir ...
    Was APA-7, or maybe someone before
    who knows, will understand
  17. Shkodnick
    Shkodnick 24 November 2013 15: 23
    0
    it seems to me, or is there something wrong with a 1-2 photo with a steering wheel on the tail from the bottom? bent?
  18. nastran123
    nastran123 27 November 2013 18: 04
    +1
    Cool bat mobile wink