Military Review

8 November 1943 was established the Order of Glory and the Order of Victory

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Exactly 70 years ago, on the initiative of JV Stalin, the Order of Glory of three degrees was established in the USSR. This award was intended solely to reward private and non-commissioned officers and, along with the Star of Hero, became a real symbol of military prowess. Simultaneously with the "soldier" Order of Glory, the "commander" order "Victory" was also established. He became the highest award of the USSR, designed to award the highest commanding staff of the Armed Forces. The first generals awarded the Order of Victory were Marshals of the Soviet Union G.K. Zhukov and A.M. Vasilevsky.


8 November 1943 was established the Order of Glory and the Order of Victory


Among the features of the Order of Glory that distinguished it from other domestic awards were the fact that it was intended only for soldiers and sergeants, with the exception of only junior lieutenants among the officers aviation. The Order of Glory is the only Soviet award issued exclusively for personal merit: the order was never awarded to either military units or enterprises, as was the case, for example, with the Order of Lenin.

Awarding the order assumed the increase of the holders of all his degrees in rank, which for the Soviet award system was a serious exception. The first fighter, awarded the Order of Glory III degree, was the sapper VS Malyshev. The award ceremony passed 13 November 1943 of the year. 10 December 1943, the first cavaliers of the Order of the II degree were the sappers ordinary SI Baranov and A.G. Vlasov, who fought on the Belarusian front. At the end of the war, both fighters became Chevaliers of the Order of Glory, I degree. The first owners of the Order of Glory, I degree were the sapper-corporal MT. Pitenik and assistant squadron Art. Sergeant K.K. Shevchenko.



In the 60-70 years, substantial benefits were introduced for the full gentlemen of the Order of Glory. The holder of the Order was practically equal to the Hero of the Soviet Union. The order-bearer was assigned a personal pension of union importance, serious housing benefits were granted, the right to free travel throughout the USSR was granted. These privileges are kept by the current legislation of Russia.
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  1. aszzz888
    aszzz888 8 November 2013 08: 19
    +7
    All full Knights of the Order of Glory - Heroes!
    Honor and respect to such people!
    1. Apollo
      Apollo 8 November 2013 08: 36
      +3
      quote Exactly 70 years ago, at the initiative of I.V. Stalin, the Order of Glory of three degrees was established in the USSR. This award was intended solely to award ordinary and sergeant personnel and, along with the Star of the Hero, became a tangible symbol of military valor. Simultaneously with the "soldier" Order of Glory, the "commander" Order "Victory" was established.


    2. Sakhalininsk
      Sakhalininsk 8 November 2013 13: 57
      +1
      Quote: aszzz888
      All full Knights of the Order of Glory - Heroes!
      Honor and respect to such people!


      Order of Glory, the Soviet equivalent of soldier George awards of historical and respected people. By the way, the soldier signs of the Order of St. George were the only ones of their royal orders to be worn in the USSR.
      1. Beck
        Beck 8 November 2013 15: 27
        +1
        Quote: Sakhalininets
        Order of Glory, the Soviet equivalent of soldier George awards of historical and respected people.


        With all due respect to the Orders of Glory, I will nevertheless express my own opinion.

        The Order of Glory cannot be compared in status, honor, universal respect for "St. George's Crosses" four degrees. Cavalier "Georgiev" was even higher than "Hero" of the USSR. Cavalier "Georgiev" is the historical highest standard of courage, courage, selflessness, a favorite of the people.

        I would even equate the "St. George's Cross", of course not completely, with the Order of the "Red Star". Order of the "Red Star" This is a truly soldier order of the USSR. It was this order that crowned the soldier's personal courage. And it was this order that the soldiers respected in the first place.
    3. nnz226
      nnz226 8 November 2013 14: 45
      +2
      and also 4 people in the USSR were FULL CAVALERS OF THE ORDER OF GLORY AND HEROES OF THE SOVIET UNION SIMULTANEOUSLY !!!
  2. Tommygun
    Tommygun 8 November 2013 09: 40
    +8
    The article is not informative. Put a plus only out of respect for the awards.
    By the way, regarding the awarding of the Order of Glory to officers: there was a significant number of awarding of the Order of Glory to officers who fell into the penal battalion and atoned for their misconduct, since at the moment they were considered ordinary. Many of them were later embarrassed by the awards, as she was material evidence of their stay at the penal battalion.
    1. gosha1970
      gosha1970 8 November 2013 10: 23
      +1
      "... Many of them then were ashamed of the awards ..."
      But one can imagine such a turn: he started the war as an ordinary, then he got the Glory, he finished as an officer.
    2. Stinger
      Stinger 8 November 2013 13: 47
      +3
      Such shy did not have to see. A lot of people went through the war from a private to company commanders, and later, after studying, to commanders of formations.
  3. Witch
    Witch 8 November 2013 10: 32
    +1
    Quote: Tommygun
    By the way, regarding the awarding of the Order of Glory to officers: there was a significant number of awarding of the Order of Glory to officers who fell into the penal battalion and atoned for their misconduct, since at the moment they were considered ordinary.


    The first time I hear that he awarded fines for fights in the penalty units ...
    1. Tommygun
      Tommygun 8 November 2013 11: 38
      0
      For the courage, courage and heroism shown in battles, military personnel serving their sentences could be awarded. Almost all the awards received in the penalty parts were “For Courage” medals.
      There are lines in Vysotsky’s song “Penalty Battalions”:

      And if you don’t catch lead in your chest,

      You’ll catch a medal on the chest “For Courage”.

      In some cases, in 1944-45. military personnel of variable composition of penal battalions were awarded with the Order of Glory of the 3 degree.
    2. I think so
      I think so 8 November 2013 17: 23
      -2
      So you probably heard about these battalions from the nasty and deceitful film "Penal Battalion" ...
      1. Tommygun
        Tommygun 8 November 2013 17: 54
        -1
        Imagine more than that!
        And you apparently served in them?
  4. Kizhich
    Kizhich 8 November 2013 10: 55
    0
    Quote: Witch
    Quote: Tommygun
    By the way, regarding the awarding of the Order of Glory to officers: there was a significant number of awarding of the Order of Glory to officers who fell into the penal battalion and atoned for their misconduct, since at the moment they were considered ordinary.


    The first time I hear that he awarded fines for fights in the penalty units ...

    It was like that, really! And it concerned Glory!
  5. Kizhich
    Kizhich 8 November 2013 11: 01
    +8
    I have a suggestion for developers and adm. site:
    Create a separate "awards" section. And separately for each order (medal) create a subsection. Reflect the history of creation, awards, etc. After all, it is always interesting to learn something new, and the young generation will have a place to look. I remember at one time such books were published by "Awards of the USSR", but now you want it, but you won't find it!
    1. 755962
      755962 8 November 2013 19: 43
      0
      I completely agree and join !!!

      In memory of the Feats of Grandfathers and fathers, brothers and sisters ... All times and generations
      WHAT TO REMEMBER ETERNAL!
      But as described!
      Order of St. George the Victorious

      The Imperial Military Order of the Holy Great Martyr and Victorious George (Order of St. George) is the highest military award of the Russian Empire. It was established by Empress Catherine II on November 26 (December 7) 1769 in honor of St. George to distinguish officers for their services on the battlefield. The Order of St. George was distinguished by its statute among other Russian orders as a reward for personal valor in battle, and merit for which an officer could be awarded a prize. The highest military order for military merit.
      "Neither the high breed, nor the wounds received before the enemy, do not give the right to be awarded this order: but it is given to those who not only corrected their position in everything according to their oath, honor and duty, but, moreover, distinguished themselves by what a special courageous act , or the wise gave, and useful advice for Our military service ... This order should never be removed: for it is acquired by merit. "
  6. Tommygun
    Tommygun 8 November 2013 11: 21
    0
    To understand who and what was awarded, you need to start with the statute of the order.
    Here is an excerpt from the statute of the Order of Glory:
    “The Order of Glory is awarded to privates and sergeants of the Red Army, and in aviation and to persons holding the rank of junior lieutenant who have shown glorious feats of bravery, courage and fearlessness in the battles for the Soviet Motherland.

    The Order of Glory consists of three degrees: I, II and III degrees. The highest degree of the order is I degree. Awarding is made sequentially: first the third, then the second and, finally, the first degree.

    The Order of Glory is awarded to those who: "
    And then there is a listing of various specific! achievements, unlike other orders, where the standard "for courage and heroism ..."
    1. aviamed90
      aviamed90 8 November 2013 11: 32
      0
      And here is an example of awarding the Order of Victory:

      "On February 20, 1978, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR adopted a decree on awarding the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Chairman of the USSR Defense Council Marshal of the Soviet Union Leonid Brezhnev with the Order of Victory, which did not correspond to the letter of the statute.

      However, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR was often not literally guided by the statute of orders during the war: for example, awarding the Order of Victory to people who did not hold positions in the highest command of the Red Army (namely, all foreign cavaliers), or awarding the commander's order of Suvorov the gunsmiths V.G. Grabin and F.V. Tokarev, as well as the awarding of military units with orders designed by statute for command personnel (orders of Kutuzov, Suvorov, Nakhimov).

      On September 21, 1989, the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR Mikhail Gorbachev signed a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR abolishing the awarding of the Victory Order to Brezhnev with the wording “as contrary to the statute of the order.” (VKP)


      So the statute is, of course, correct.
      But sometimes it does not matter if it is beneficial to the authorities.
      1. Tommygun
        Tommygun 8 November 2013 11: 44
        0
        The Order of Victory is in many ways unique.
        Awarded all 16 people (Brezhnev do not think so).
        There is an individual approach to each.

        In other awards, if there were cases of retreat, they will be lost in the total volume of awards.
      2. Stinger
        Stinger 8 November 2013 13: 48
        0
        Not to the authorities, but toadies.
  7. Gari
    Gari 8 November 2013 11: 39
    +6
    The Order of Glory in its statute and color of the ribbon almost completely repeated one of the most revered awards in pre-revolutionary Russia - the George Cross (among the differences - a different number of degrees: 3 and 4, respectively).
    1. 755962
      755962 8 November 2013 19: 48
      0
      But to what modern status one could attribute such a Great Order as the Diamond Badge of the Order of the Holy Apostle Andrew the First-Called - the highest award of the Russian Empire.
      1. zub46
        zub46 8 November 2013 22: 25
        0
        Dimon Medvedev managed to award them M. Gorbachev.
        1. Pamir210
          Pamir210 10 November 2013 14: 25
          0
          Nonsense. There is simply no such award as "diamond badges" for orders in the current system of state awards. So Medvedev did not award them to Gorbachev.
  8. I think so
    I think so 8 November 2013 17: 34
    0
    Dear forum members, please attention!
    My comment is not related to the topic of discussion, but is in the nature of a warning! On this site, a certain eccentric wound up among the moderators only with a slightly different letter and deletes all my comments without a trace (!). This flawed creature "works" under the nickname Tersky. Please be careful and God forbid you do not please him ... freedom of speech ... damn it ...
  9. I think so
    I think so 8 November 2013 17: 36
    0
    Dear forum members, please attention!
    My comment is not related to the topic of discussion, but is in the nature of a warning! On this site, a certain eccentric wound up among the moderators only with a slightly different letter and deletes all my comments without a trace (!). This flawed creature "works" under the nickname Tersky. Please be careful and God forbid you do not please him ... freedom of speech ... damn it ...
    1. Black
      Black 8 November 2013 21: 51
      0
      Do not hysteria .... well, you are not a Cossack, well, not a woman ...
  10. I think so
    I think so 8 November 2013 17: 37
    +1
    Dear forum members, please attention!
    My comment is not related to the topic of discussion, but is in the nature of a warning! On this site, a certain eccentric wound up among the moderators only with a slightly different letter and deletes all my comments without a trace (!). This flawed creature "works" under the nickname Tersky. Please be careful and God forbid you do not please him ... freedom of speech ... damn it ...
  11. 755962
    755962 8 November 2013 20: 05
    +1
    Quote: 755962
    But to what modern status one could attribute such a Great Order as the Diamond Badge of the Order of the Holy Apostle Andrew the First-Called - the highest award of the Russian Empire.

    Do not consider blasphemy, the diamond sign of the Order of the Holy Apostle Andrew the First-Called is currently one of the most expensive on the planet and costs as much as 5,4 million dollars!
  12. 755962
    755962 8 November 2013 20: 10
    +4
    AND THIS SIGN
    NO PRICES!
    It is more expensive than the Order of Victory!
    1. zub46
      zub46 8 November 2013 22: 39
      +1
      And my father riveted his silver "For Courage" and "ZBZ" onto pike spinners. And not only your own, and your friends too. One such spoon, miraculously survived, is on the shore. The attitude to the awards was something else. He survived, and okay, this is the highest award. And the attitude of the authorities towards the winners in those years was, to put it mildly, restrained. The winners did not gather in all sorts of "Associations", "Unions", etc. They plowed, raised us, the time is difficult, there is no time for self-indulgence. Even Victory Day until 1967 was a working day. And how many disabled people, with what terrible injuries, were on the streets, train stations and especially markets. In awards, pugnacious, swearing ones. What cheerful songs they sang to the accompaniment of accordions, like "... Hitler gathers the Finns in the zh.o.pu.b ... Romanians and goes to Stalingrad, yes, yes!" By the early sixties, people with disabilities from the streets suddenly disappeared. We took them to homes for the disabled. Spooky places. It was done in order not to frighten the younger generation of soldiers with the horrors of war.
  13. Prapor-527
    Prapor-527 8 November 2013 21: 27
    0
    Quote: aszzz888
    All full Knights of the Order of Glory - Heroes!
    Honor and respect to such people!
    Not heroes, but Super heroes !!! To get the "Hero" you need one feat, and for a full Knight of the Order of Glory you need to perform three similar feats ... and stay alive at the same time ...
  14. Black
    Black 8 November 2013 21: 41
    0
    Quote: Beck
    The Order of Glory cannot be compared in terms of status, honor, and universal respect for the "St. George's Crosses" of four degrees.


    You know, in our Cossacks, FULL GEORGIAN CAVALER was second after God!
    Even OLD MEN were standing at attention when the gentleman was standing at attention !!!!
  15. Ols76
    Ols76 8 November 2013 21: 41
    +2
    Honor and respect!
  16. Black
    Black 8 November 2013 21: 47
    +2
    You know, my friends, what amazes ...
    43 year ... and the Order of Victory has already been established !!! This is not even Faith - it is an unshakable Confidence that the Cause is Right !!! and Victory is ours !!!!!
  17. Poruchik 90
    Poruchik 90 12 November 2013 17: 04
    0
    Quote: aviamed90
    And here is an example of awarding the Order of Victory:

    "On February 20, 1978, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR adopted a decree on awarding the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Chairman of the USSR Defense Council Marshal of the Soviet Union Leonid Brezhnev with the Order of Victory, which did not correspond to the letter of the statute.



    Moreover, he was awarded the Order of Vasilevsky, sawed off a screw (so that the chest would not press) and soldered a platinum pin.