Military Review

Russia celebrates the founding of the Navy

46
October 30 - the foundation day of the Russian fleet. On this day in 1696, the Boyar Duma, on the proposal of Peter the Great, adopted the decree: "To the sea ships - to be!". The first ships were already built at Voronezh shipyards. Over the next 30 years, the Baltic, Azov and Caspian fleets appeared. Russia has become a maritime power.


Portrait or landscape - for Peter Subbotin is not so important. On the search for the nature of time from the sailor a little. In the sea draws colleagues, on the shore - views from the deck. Before the demobilization, he, a teacher of fine arts from education, remains a month, and it was not possible to assemble the album with his comrades in pencil. “They ask a lot, send them home - to parents, girls,” says the artist.

The creative process once again interrupts the training alarm. Even while staying in the database, the concept of "day" or "night" on the ship is not. Teams for personnel on the speakerphone arrive around the clock.

This year, the sailors admit, they came out more than in the last few years. The fighting marathon began in Peter the Great Bay. The largest Russian-Chinese exercises involved 20 warships, a submarine and aviation. “Our successful joint actions have shown that the fleets of Russia and China are good neighbors, good friends and good partners,” said Dean Yu Ping, deputy commander of the Navy of the People’s Republic of China. “We are very pleased that reliable and well-coordinated work was achieved during the exercises.”

Hardly had time to replenish supplies after the exercise, the squadron of the Pacific Fleet moved to Sakhalin. During a surprise check of troops announced in July by Sergei Shoigu, squadrons of warships conducted missile firing at air targets there, and the naval landing force landed on an unequipped coast.

But the largest maneuvers were in Avachinsky Bay: 50 ships, 30 planes and 15 thousands of servicemen worked through the interaction for a month and a half. “The most difficult episode of the exercise is the unprecedented transfer of small anti-submarine ships to the shores of Chukotka,” commander of the Pacific Fleet, Sergei Avakyants, said. ".

Most sailors will not meet their professional holiday at home. Two units of the Pacific Fleet continue to perform combat missions in the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. And on the eve three more ships left Vladivostok.

The large anti-submarine ship Admiral Vinogradov, the tanker Irkut and the tug Kolar will serve in the Asia-Pacific region. For two months, the detachment will visit Myanmar and go to the South Korean port of Pusan, where it will take part in the exhibition of marine equipment and weapons.

The sea borders of Russia are guarded by four fleets: the Baltic, the Black Sea, the Pacific, the Northern, and the Caspian Flotilla.

The oldest fleet is the Baltic: 1703 is considered the year of its foundation. Then, under the command of Peter the First, 30 boats with soldiers of the Preobrazhensky and Semenovsky regiments won their first military victory, seizing two Swedish warships at the mouth of the Neva. Now the Baltic Fleet includes a division of surface ships, a brigade of diesel submarines, formations of auxiliary, training, and search and rescue ships. And also - the Air Force, coastal troops, part of the rear, technical and special support. The main locations are Baltiysk and Kronstadt.

Peter the Great also founded the Caspian Flotilla - this was in 1722. Now its main base is Astrakhan. The flotilla consists of guard and small warships, minesweepers and boats.

History The Pacific Fleet dates back to the days of Anna Ioannovna. In 1731, by her decree, she established a flotilla with a base in Okhotsk, the first Russian naval unit in the Far East. It guarded fisheries and islands discovered by Russian pioneers. Now the tasks of the Pacific Fleet include maintaining the operational readiness of strategic nuclear forces, protecting the economic zone of Russia, and ensuring the safety of navigation. The compound includes strategic missile submarines, nuclear and diesel submarines, short-range and long-range surface ships, aviation and coastal forces. The headquarters of the fleet is located in Vladivostok.

The Black Sea Fleet was founded in 1783 year after the annexation of the Crimea to Russia. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, its main base, Sevastopol, turned out to be abroad, which does not prevent the fleet from carrying out combat missions. The Black Sea Fleet has a missile cruiser, anti-submarine ship, patrol boats, landing ships and submarines.

The youngest of the Russian fleets - the Northern, which appeared already under Soviet rule, in 1933 year. Now in the Northern Fleet is the only domestic aircraft carrier "Admiral Kuznetsov." And yet - missile cruisers, anti-submarine, amphibious ships, destroyers and minesweepers. The main base of the fleet is Severomorsk.
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  1. Apollo
    Apollo 30 October 2013 09: 06
    19
    Happy holiday to everyone involved in this holiday. drinks
    1. Grandson of Veteran
      Grandson of Veteran 30 October 2013 09: 39
      13
      Happy holiday to all military sailors of Russia !!!
      PS Congratulations to my father, Cap-3, retired Severomorets !!! Dad, happy holiday to you!
      1. strannik595
        strannik595 30 October 2013 10: 10
        22
        well, if even our best friends hope in the Russian fleet, it means everything is not so bad with us guys ...... happy holiday sailors! so that you serve so that half of the Pentagon’s budget goes to valerian!
      2. Arberes
        Arberes 30 October 2013 10: 26
        13
        Quote: Veteran's grandson
        Happy holiday to all military sailors of Russia !!!

        I can’t pass by and with great pleasure I join the congratulations of dear colleagues!
        Well, from me, as a short verse has already been commanded!

        Fleet RUSSIAN !!!

        LET ANDREY'S BANKS FLY
        ON ALL OCEAN SPACES!

        GOOD UNDER THE JAW OF THE "PARTNERS" FIST
        IN ALL POLITICAL DISPUTES !!!

        For the Navy! Hooray, Hooray, Hurray !!! drinks
        1. Ross
          Ross 30 October 2013 12: 19
          +5
          Happy holiday colleagues and friends! And I thought we had one special holiday in July. Nicely drinks
        2. Andrey Yuryevich
          Andrey Yuryevich 30 October 2013 17: 01
          +4
          drinks drinks drinks Hooray! Hooray !! Hooray !!! soldier
      3. starshina78
        starshina78 30 October 2013 21: 32
        +3
        With the Feast of all who serve, he served the Motherland in the Navy - the Baltic and Black Sea, the Caspian Flotilla and the North, and like me in the Pacific! Happy Holidays, everyone! Glory to the Russian Navy! Glory to Peter the Great, who is the progenitor of our glorious, military, guards, invincible Navy! Seven feet under the keel !
    2. ziqzaq
      ziqzaq 30 October 2013 10: 37
      +5
      Happy Sea Guys Holiday !!!!!
      Seven feet under the keel!!!!!
      1. ziqzaq
        ziqzaq 30 October 2013 11: 14
        +2
        Quote: ziqzaq
        Seven feet under the keel!!!!!

        Add:
        I wish all the Seaman that the Klotik always stands at the top .........
    3. Andrey Yuryevich
      Andrey Yuryevich 30 October 2013 15: 34
      +5
      fellow I congratulate my beloved son Nikita Gorokhov on the holiday, thank him for his service, for understanding the important man’s business, for sleepless shifts, for the opportunity to be proud of the Son, for the day of the Navy for the family to become a holiday, thank you Son! soldier
  2. makarov
    makarov 30 October 2013 09: 06
    19
    Fleet of the Russian Federation, - THIS POWER WHICH WAS, IS, AND WILL BE,,,,,,,,, !!!
  3. The comment was deleted.
  4. aszzz888
    aszzz888 30 October 2013 09: 10
    13
    A very compressed article, three lines per fleet. But all the same + and the holiday of all seafarers!
    1. Misantrop
      Misantrop 30 October 2013 10: 43
      11
      Quote: aszzz888
      Very compressed article
      Those who have a holiday - and so in the know. Their opponents - even more so. And the rest doesn’t care request Who in the subject - Happy Holiday! drinks
      1. Boa kaa
        Boa kaa 30 October 2013 23: 07
        +3
        Quote: Misantrop
        Who in the subject - Happy Holiday

        Misanthrope! Thank! I congratulate you and all the naval on our holiday. All health, smooth sea, fair wind. To the submariners' brothers - diving and surfacing equally: both to the cap and the last hold of the crucifix! And also to the son - cap3ranga, the North Sea - not to shame traditions and surnames!
  5. LaGlobal
    LaGlobal 30 October 2013 09: 11
    13
    FROM ALL THE HEART, WITH HOLIDAY!
    Hurray, hooray, hooray!
  6. Omskgasmyas
    Omskgasmyas 30 October 2013 09: 11
    16
    Happy holiday to all of you sailors! Seven feet under the keel!
  7. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 30 October 2013 09: 16
    14
    HAPPY RUSSIAN Navy! NEW MODERN TO YOU SHIPS AND COMFORTABLE MARINES! A MAJOR HEALTH TO YOU AND YOUR CLOSE!
  8. Ascetic
    Ascetic 30 October 2013 09: 20
    16
    To be a fleet, the king told everyone
    Peter the Great - Sovereign,
    A decree was immediately issued,
    Since then, we have a Fleet!
  9. nazgul-ishe
    nazgul-ishe 30 October 2013 09: 23
    10
    Happy holiday Mariners !!!
  10. Vasilenko Vladimir
    Vasilenko Vladimir 30 October 2013 09: 24
    +5
    in 1696, the Boyar Duma, on the proposal of Peter the Great, adopted a resolution: "Sea ships - to be!"
    Well, yes, but our ancestors went to Constantinople on rafts, and even Pomors did not seem to catch fish near the shore
    1. 11111mail.ru
      11111mail.ru 30 October 2013 20: 22
      0
      Each ruling regime rewrites history for itself. Petya: cut off the beards and floors of caftans, introduced tobacco smoking, built a new type of army, as well as a fleet. But at the same time he created such an ineffective management that only 50 years after his death, Catherine II tried to redo something. A fleet of Russian m. someday grow to the Soviet Navy, if Serdyukov shortened by the size of the head.
      1. Vasilenko Vladimir
        Vasilenko Vladimir 30 October 2013 21: 01
        +1
        Quote: 11111mail.ru
        built a new type of army as well as a fleet

        well, not quite so, the regiments of the foreign system were created before him, the (sailing) fleet did not achieve special results with parsley, the main victories were made by the galley fleet "
  11. avt
    avt 30 October 2013 09: 27
    +9
    One seven feet under the keel, the other so that the number of ascent equals the number of dives! Happy Holiday!
    1. ben gun
      ben gun 30 October 2013 09: 29
      +7
      And the third - so that the number of takeoffs equals the number of landings.
      Happy Moraman!
      1. Alex 241
        Alex 241 30 October 2013 09: 39
        13
        As Derzhavin said: The best purpose is to defend your Fatherland! This applies to the Sailors to the fullest! Happy holiday!
  12. morpogr
    morpogr 30 October 2013 09: 51
    10
    Great Russia skillful children,
    Happy holiday to you, naval military.
    It’s not easy at work - seven feet under the keel,
    In family life - azure calm!
  13. Yuri11076
    Yuri11076 30 October 2013 09: 59
    +5
    Happy All Seafarers of the Russian Fleet !!!
  14. major071
    major071 30 October 2013 10: 04
    11
    Happy holidays to you friends!
    Morflot You brothers are not infantry - a thin sailor is a shame for the fleet!
  15. pahom54
    pahom54 30 October 2013 10: 05
    +4
    Today, as never before, this phrase is relevant: TO THE RUSSIAN Navy - BE !!! I think that most of us, if not all, wish a revival of our fleet.
    Happy holiday - the anniversary of all sailors, shipbuilders, engineers and designers!
  16. ZU-23
    ZU-23 30 October 2013 10: 07
    +6
    I join in the congratulations, Navy !!! so many holidays, then wonder why we drink so much)))
  17. Migari
    Migari 30 October 2013 10: 08
    +8
    Guys, everyone connected with the Fleet, Happy Holidays to you, you are our hope and pride!
  18. indiggo
    indiggo 30 October 2013 10: 09
    +4
    Happy holiday, seven feet under the keel good
  19. mike_z
    mike_z 30 October 2013 10: 15
    +4
    Thanks to everyone who understands what the Fleet is for congratulations! All-all involved - with the holiday of surface sailors (it seems to be so correctly called). We wish each other one thing - the revival of our Navy! That thing to which almost all his life has been given. Both youth and maturity. Hooray!!
  20. indiggo
    indiggo 30 October 2013 10: 21
    +2
    article on the photo above the US destroyer what did he forget there?
    1. donavi49
      donavi49 30 October 2013 10: 37
      +2
      It depends on where. If in the article, then the Chinese frigates - from joint maneuvers. If the topic above, then also a joint parade and maneuvers with the United States.
    2. Misantrop
      Misantrop 30 October 2013 10: 46
      +3
      Quote: indiggo
      US destroyer what did he forget there?
      And on holiday, do not forget about training. Target silhouettes need to be remembered firmly. lol
  21. alex67
    alex67 30 October 2013 10: 33
    +2

    ALL WITH THE Navy HOLIDAY!
    SEVEN FEET UNDER KEEL AND NICE VICTORIES!
    love drinks soldier
  22. negeroi
    negeroi 30 October 2013 10: 39
    +1
    Milestone of the Navy's Maritimes with Dnyuha!
  23. Russ69
    Russ69 30 October 2013 10: 52
    +4
    HOLIDAY !!! drinks

    For everyone on the Russian fleets
    It’s not easy
    I wish you good and peace
    May the glorious fleet be strong!

    In the fleet of the North and the Pacific,
    Who was in the glorious Baltic,
    Who serves honestly in a cap
    And the thrill of the tapes, who have not forgotten!
  24. FREGATENKAPITAN
    FREGATENKAPITAN 30 October 2013 11: 16
    +5
    ........... Now in the Northern Fleet is the only domestic aircraft carrier "Admiral Kuznetsov". And also - missile cruisers, anti-submarine, landing ships, destroyers and minesweepers. The main base of the fleet is Severomorsk.
    .
    ................ And probably the main striking power of the fleet (and not only) RPK SN and strike boats! Well, in general - VIVAT RUSSIA !!!
  25. misterwulf
    misterwulf 30 October 2013 11: 28
    +1
    Happy holiday to all!
  26. lelikas
    lelikas 30 October 2013 11: 43
    +2
    Happy Holiday!
  27. polly
    polly 30 October 2013 11: 51
    +2
    Congratulations on the Day of the founding of the Russian fleet of the defenders of the sea borders of our homeland!
    And so that, as the Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Navy promised in the summer, during this year all 36 warships, combat boats, auxiliary vessels were accepted into the Russian Navy. And more weapons on them ...
  28. Rinat 1
    Rinat 1 30 October 2013 12: 04
    +2
    Happy MOREMAN. I wish you good health, a strong family rear and, of course, PEACE!
  29. okroshka79
    okroshka79 30 October 2013 12: 52
    +3
    It's nice to see that our Fleet is loved by everyone. However, one must remember that the fleet is not only "daggers, shoulder straps, anchors." This is, first of all, hard, monotonous and exhausting daily work with lack of sleep and exhausting heaving, constant training and exercises, "hilling" materiel and their management to maintain them in good condition, mooring and re-mooring, rare going ashore to their beloved wives and children, frequent vigils on board in the winds and various types of ship duty in the base and in the fleet, and what is more difficult than duty on the ship I can’t remember. At least this was the unadorned ship service during the Cold War. We said: got to the Northern Fleet - be proud, did not get - rejoice. And yet for me personally, these were the best years of my life. And therefore, on this Anniversary I congratulate all those who have dedicated their lives or part of it to the service of our glorious Navy. Wish you seven feet under the keel and a fair wind on your journey!
  30. Peaceful military
    Peaceful military 30 October 2013 13: 35
    +2
    BROTHERS SEAFAR RESPECT! 7 FEET UNDER KEEL! soldier smile
  31. rexby63
    rexby63 30 October 2013 14: 15
    +2
    So actually, 20.10.1696/XNUMX/XNUMX.
  32. Mhpv
    Mhpv 30 October 2013 14: 56
    +6
    For those who are on board, and those who are overboard- (you know)
  33. waisson
    waisson 30 October 2013 15: 31
    +2
    I congratulate you on the occasion!!!! drinks soldier But how would you do this one day by combining with the Ilsk one so that it sounds even louder than the cham Navy DAY, or else it turns out here and there, but I want a grandiose single drinks
  34. Walker1975
    Walker1975 30 October 2013 16: 16
    +2
    Glory to the sailors!
  35. moremansf
    moremansf 30 October 2013 16: 36
    +4
    May we not stomp the deck for a long time,
    There are health complaints
    But raise to full height
    For the fleet, for youth, this toast!
    Sea brotherhood is not a word,
    Just a gray head
    But as before, good-
    Sea, bold soul!
    After all, contrary to all laws,
    We are sailors to the grave !!!
    ALL WITH A HOLIDAY !!!!
  36. saturn.mmm
    saturn.mmm 30 October 2013 17: 07
    +2
    With all my heart I congratulate the Navy of Russia on the Holiday!
    The frigate of project 22350 "Admiral Gorshkov", which was adopted for service, would be a good gift for the holiday, but not destiny.
  37. common man
    common man 30 October 2013 17: 26
    +2
    I wish the Navy and all naval ships new. And let them be the best.
  38. Serebryakov. 75
    Serebryakov. 75 30 October 2013 17: 43
    +2
    Sailor - proud in this rank
    So much has merged for the country:
    You walk hard in life
    We are proud of you too. drinks
  39. Watchman
    Watchman 30 October 2013 17: 47
    +2
    Happy holiday comrades sailors!
  40. karal
    karal 30 October 2013 18: 40
    -1
    Happy holiday sailors! Combat 100 grams of outboard water !!! ))))
  41. karal
    karal 30 October 2013 18: 40
    +1
    Happy holiday sailors! Combat 100 grams of outboard water !!! ))))
  42. Altona
    Altona 30 October 2013 19: 34
    +3
    Maremanov with their holiday! I will drink "festive compote" for you !!! drinks
  43. I am
    I am 30 October 2013 21: 23
    +3
    All Sailors happy holiday !!!!!!! Sailors - this is truly a man's work !!!! And you need to be proud of it !!!
  44. mixxlll
    mixxlll 30 October 2013 22: 28
    +2
    Happy holiday !!!!!
  45. Breeze59
    Breeze59 1 November 2013 00: 46
    0
    To be the fleet! Happy Fleet Day of Russia! Hurray! Hurray! Hurray!