Military Review

Chinese urchin

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Chinese urchinChinese defense crowns competitors and gaining new positions.


The message from Ankara about the intention to buy the Chinese antimissile system has become, in the opinion of many experts, a landmark event. It means the appearance on the world trade market. weapons The new player is young, but very ambitious and aggressive.

Previously, Chinese companies were known mainly as suppliers of small and small arms to developing countries. Recently, this image has changed a lot. Now the Chinese military industrial complex sells everything from machine guns to frigates, supersonic fighters and other high-tech weapons.

Chinese weapons vendors are aggressive. They are increasingly squeezing competitors, and in the markets of not only developing countries.

Amazing win

NATO membership and undisguised discontent of Washington and other members of the North Atlantic alliance did not prevent Turkey from announcing its intention to conclude a major contract for the purchase of an anti-missile system not with an American company, but with a small and little-known manufacturer of missile defense systems from China. Ankara rejected offers not only from American but also from Russian and European companies. The selection by the Turkish Defense Ministry in September of China Precision Machinery Export-Import Corporation shocked Washington, Brussels and Moscow. The choice of the Chinese manufacturer by the Turks is all the more strange that the exploitation of Chinese equipment will cause problems with compatibility with NATO weapons, which the Turkish army had previously properly armed with.

To top it all, China Precision is on the black list of the US State Department, and they are subject to sanctions. The Chinese were faulty in trade with Iran, Syria and North Korea.

The final agreement for the supply of Turkey to the Chinese system HQ-9 has not yet been signed. Perhaps, Ankara will not withstand the powerful pressure of Washington and give up the Chinese technology. On the other hand, the temptation is very great, because the Chinese have resorted to the tried and true method of dumping: they sell their system for only 3 billion dollars, that is, much cheaper than their Western and Russian counterparts.

Whatever the end история with anti-missile systems, it shows that the Middle Kingdom loudly, without hiding, enters the international weapons market and becomes a serious competitor for its strongest players.

“This is a striking victory for the Chinese defense industry,” commented Peter Wesemann, a senior fellow at the Stockholm Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), which specializes in the arms trade, in an interview with the New York Times International.

In the top five

The time when the People's Republic of China sold only third-party machines and cartridges to the third world countries remains in the distant past. Now China is a weapon seller just like the developed western countries. According to SIPRI, published earlier this year, in 2008-2012, China’s sales of ordinary weapons, including airplanes, ships, missiles and artillery, increased by 162% compared to the previous five year period.

The main buyer of Chinese weapons is Pakistan. According to IHS Jane's, Islamabad bought 2012 million weapons from China in 611,8 year. Then follow with a large margin Bangladesh (351,3 billion dollars), Bolivia (289 billion), Venezuela (279 billion). Zambia bought Chinese weapons for 140 million dollars last year, Saudi Arabia for 107, Iran for 76, Thailand for 70, Namibia and Vietnam for 30.

SIPRI ranked China in fifth place in the list of the largest exporters of weapons. The Chinese bypassed the UK in 2012, mainly due to purchases of their weapons by Pakistan.

In the last five years, Beijing was the eighth in terms of the volume of weapons sold.

The export of Chinese weapons is growing rapidly in dollar terms. According to IHS Jane's, over the past five years, it has almost doubled and reached 2,2 billion dollars; this is more than Canada and Sweden. In dollar terms, China is now in eighth place.

According to Xu Guanguy, a retired major general and head of the Association for Control of Chinese Weapons and Disarmament, a spurt in China’s sale of high-tech weapons is normal. In addition to pricing, Chinese companies, according to Xu, have another important advantage: they do not interfere in politics - both external and internal - of the countries with which they trade.

Would not get lost in a hundred

China North Industries Group Corporation (Norinco Group) is considered the largest weapon manufacturer in the People's Republic of China, whose profit last year, according to information published on its website, was 9,8 billion yuan (1,6 billion dollars).

Another well-known Chinese gun manufacturing company is China South Industries Group Corporation (CSGC). She had a profit of about 2011 billion dollars in 1 year.

Both of these companies, as well as a number of other Chinese manufacturers of weapons could well enter into the hundred largest producers of weapons and not get lost in it. However, SIPRI does not include Chinese companies on its list on the grounds that it does not provide sufficiently verified statistical data.

Most of the money in the Chinese military industrial complex is invested in the production of military aircraft and aircraft engines - in order to reduce the significant gap between the West and Russia. Guy Anderson, senior analyst at IHS Jane's, is confident that in the medium term, the Chinese will catch up with competitors without any problems. He believes that Beijing is still ten years behind technology. But, given the persistence of the Chinese in achieving the goals set and the enormous material resources, in this area the days of Western superiority seem to be numbered.

Perhaps now a significant part of the Chinese weapons and inferior to Western counterparts, but this does not mean that it is of poor quality and that they do not buy it. Low prices allow Chinese arms dealers to stifle competition in developing countries. In recent years, Argentina has become a new Chinese customer, for example. In 2011, Buenos Aires signed a contract with Avicopter, a Chinese company, for the supply of X-NUMX light helicopters Z-40. The first helicopters were commissioned by the Argentine Air Force this year.

The Chinese are not offended when buyers use the equipment they bought at low prices as a base on which they then install better-quality Western weapons. For example, Algeria ordered three corvettes to Beijing last year, on which radar equipment from the Dutch company Thales Nederland will be installed. Thailand modernizes Chinese frigates with the help of the Swedish Saab Group.

Beijing hopes to quickly reduce the lag in technology and other aspects. Opportunities and even more desire for this he has. Chinese companies do not spare money for new developments and research. Western competitors, in order to compete with low prices of Chinese weapons, have to cut research spending.
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  1. Silkway0026
    Silkway0026 24 October 2013 10: 52
    +3
    c'mon, the Turks bought from the Chinese, because they are afraid of the trickery from the Indians.
    this is so, if very short. and you can breed this soap for a long time
    1. alone
      alone 24 October 2013 19: 06
      0
      They are followed by a wide margin of Bangladesh ($ 351,3 billion), Bolivia (289 billion), Venezuela (279 billion).


      maybe still a million? and then Bangladesh and 351,3 billion for weapons belay
  2. svp67
    svp67 24 October 2013 10: 53
    +2
    Beijing hopes to quickly close the gap in technological and other aspects. Opportunities and even more desire for this he has. Chinese companies do not spare money for new research and development.

    I wish them "no luck" ...
    1. self-propelled
      self-propelled 24 October 2013 11: 04
      +1
      Chinese defense crowns competitors and gaining new positions.

      By the way, here are the fruits of plagiarism multiplied by low cost (we will omit the quality issue) and Chinese tenacity request
  3. Andrey Yuryevich
    Andrey Yuryevich 24 October 2013 10: 58
    +1
    both cars and weapons will overwhelm the world at dumping prices! it seems that the arms race begins in a different format, while we can take quality (let's say), but the Chinese are growing, and very quickly. many will say - then it’s going to go to the troops more (as with abandoned planes ... yeah ... what kind of money can I build for myself?
  4. major071
    major071 24 October 2013 11: 05
    +7
    Less need to sell high technology to China, less will be Chinese supplies. Copies are always worse than the original. Maybe the day will come when the cheapness of Chinese products will turn into a disaster for buyers because of equipment failures. And the Chinese military-industrial complex will collapse.
  5. Samy
    Samy 24 October 2013 11: 14
    +5
    Turn on our brains and understand why this happens. After all, the salaries of Chinese workers are already very close to ours in similar industries. Climate and less in sayazi with this? So the Norinco Group (factories) is located where in winter - 45 is normal, and in summer + 40 is stable, this is the southern tip of the Gobi. It seems that if we do not rebuild our own defense industry, we will not have long to live on arms export.
    1. self-propelled
      self-propelled 24 October 2013 11: 25
      +2
      Quote: Samy
      It seems that if we do not rebuild our own defense industry, we will not have long to live on arms export.

      I dare to suggest that they steal less in the Chinese "top" (because few people want to hang out in a noose). maybe this is the solution to the problem? .. request
      1. SV
        SV 24 October 2013 22: 42
        0
        I agree, still to bring to justice the stealing "friends" whom our leadership does not surrender
    2. alone
      alone 24 October 2013 19: 11
      +1
      and speaking of an increase in the export of Chinese weapons, one detail is forgotten.
      the Chinese are copying advanced types of weapons, and selling these weapons to others, they offer them licensed production. That's why the buyers of weapons are interested in the Chinese. China doesn’t lose anything from it. production license. in this case, only Russia loses.
  6. Airman
    Airman 24 October 2013 11: 27
    +2
    The pro-Chinese lobby in our government is too strong, it is not for nothing that DAM went to Beijing. I wonder what else of the latest developments sold? Or sold out.
  7. Migari
    Migari 24 October 2013 11: 41
    +1
    There is nothing to be surprised at the pancake, that you cannot take it in hand, everywhere "made in China", and then our friendship has made, at a loss, that is not a newcomer, then the Chinese, so we will reap the fruits of our stupidity.
  8. makarov
    makarov 24 October 2013 12: 42
    0
    Based on what you read, you can make one of the conclusions, assumptions.
    In the near future, a number of transactions with Chinese weapons will cause a scandal due to the constant failure of the purchased goods. And the main reason will be nothing more than a mechanism to push the Chinese military-industrial complex out of the arms market.
    We will wait and see this action.
    1. rsnv
      rsnv 24 October 2013 21: 04
      0
      Hardly wait.
      China, in recent years, has made great progress in terms of its development, as well as the quality of its products (serious products, not copies of iPhones, etc. bullshit). In terms of R&D costs and the growth rate of these costs, China ranks first in the world. They invest much more in fundamental science and education in the PRC than in the Russian Federation, where science and education are steadily degrading ...
  9. x.andvlad
    x.andvlad 24 October 2013 14: 18
    0
    Quote: Migari
    There is nothing to be surprised at the pancake, that you cannot take it in hand, everywhere is "made in China", but here our friendship started

    Make friends with them very carefully. Mutually beneficial relationships need not be abandoned. But do not lose vigilance. Their power certainly grows at a non-comic pace.
  10. Alexey M
    Alexey M 24 October 2013 14: 23
    +1
    I bought a kid a Chinese iPhone, I think it’s breaking anyway. I didn’t have time to break the kid, he broke down. So this Chinese stick has two ends and you can get both. First, the market will be undermined to us, then the customers will fail.
  11. voliador
    voliador 24 October 2013 18: 21
    0
    And if they themselves were still developing, then one could say - well done. And so, the same technology ... Remember our fighters.
  12. Director
    Director 24 October 2013 20: 35
    +2
    This is a very alarming signal. I see no reason to have fun. By the way, many products of the Russian military-industrial complex have elemental base - Chinese. His is no longer left.
    1. rsnv
      rsnv 24 October 2013 22: 12
      0
      Many products of the Russian military-industrial complex not only use the Chinese element base, but are also manufactured using technological equipment manufactured in China, since there is virtually no production of our own modern technological equipment in the Russian Federation
  13. Near bird
    Near bird 24 October 2013 23: 12
    0
    The path chosen by the Chinese at the same time inspires optimism and concern. Optimism is because blind copying of foreign models of military equipment is a dead end, which for many years will ensure that the copying country lags behind the country of manufacture of the prototype.
    On the other hand, such copying can also mean preparation for a possible war, especially if military equipment is mass-produced. And who knows how the equipment will behave in hot and cold conditions.
    I heard a lot about their air defense systems, that even the starting engines (not to mention the marching) missiles do not work when launched ... this already says something.
  14. Ivan Pavlov
    Ivan Pavlov 25 October 2013 08: 37
    +1
    something here pedrosovtsev not see. Where is your 20 year country steering effort? zilch ... political impotent people! Chubais feeding up ...
  15. Al Asad
    Al Asad 26 October 2013 00: 09
    0
    The main thing is not to happen as with the radars delivered to Ecuador. laughing