Military Review

Day of special forces

76
October 24 in Russia celebrates the Day of Special Purpose Units (SPN) - a professional holiday for all military personnel of special forces of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. At the same time, a single holiday, which would unite all special purpose units, was not in Russia for many years. Now, the holiday is celebrated annually on October 24, starting on the 2006 year, when the country's president signed a corresponding decree. That decree established 14 commemorative days and 7 professional holidays to increase the prestige of military service and the revival of military traditions in the country, as well as in recognition of the merits of military experts in the field of security and defense of the country.


The beginning stories Russian special-purpose units are officially considered to be the formation of special-purpose units in the 1918 — CHON, which were subordinate to the Cheka (All-Russia Emergency Commission) and were intended to fight insurgents in the Russian Republic and against Basmachi in Central Asia. In the future, special-purpose units were mainly owned by the Cheka, the People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs (NKVD), the Ministry of State Security (KGB), the State Security Committee (KGB).

During the Great Patriotic War, Soviet special forces units were able to actually realize their skills and abilities. Huge forests and the vastness of the expanses of our country contributed to the widespread use of partisan methods of warfare. At the very beginning of the war, the army intelligence units were used in the interests of tactical formations at a small distance from the front line, their main task was to collect intelligence information about the enemy. However, over time, the partisan movement became increasingly important. The guerrillas, being deep behind the front line, concentrated their main efforts on sabotage on German communications and firing on their troops, operating from ambushes. The tactics of reconnaissance and sabotage formations during the war years were extremely varied. We used raids, ambushes, sabotage and raids of sabotage forces.

Day of special forces

October 24 The 1950 of the year, in accordance with the directive of Marshal of the Soviet Union Alexander Vasilevsky, who at that time was the Minister of War of the USSR, began to train special personnel destined to act in the rear of the enemy forces during the mechanized and combined armies, as well as in some military districts. creating mouths for special purposes. In this case, the personnel for these units were selected from among the army intelligence officers. The experience of the reconnaissance and sabotage activities of Soviet partisans and saboteurs who acted in the German rear and on their communications was very widely used during the Great Patriotic War.

Already by May 1, 1951 managed to form an 46 mouth with a regular number of 120 people. All the companies subordinated directly to the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) of the General Staff. The following tasks were assigned to these special units: maintaining and organizing intelligence, identifying troop formations and conducting various special missions in the enemy’s rear, destroying any means of enemy nuclear attack, planning and conducting sabotage, creating partisan detachments in the enemy’s rear, searching and disarming saboteurs, fighting terrorism, etc. Over time, the quantitative composition and structure of the special forces units changed many times, but the main tasks always remained unchanged.

By the time of the collapse of the USSR, the GRU, ground forces, airborne forces, navy, and air forces had their own special forces units. In the 70-80-ies of the last century in the Soviet Army, there were 13 special purpose brigades. It was during this period that the active combat work of the special forces units took place, which took place in various countries of the world: in Angola, Vietnam, Cuba, Mozambique, Nicaragua, and Ethiopia. And then on the territory of Afghanistan, where special forces acted as part of a limited contingent of Soviet troops. In total, there were 8 special forces units in Afghanistan, which were consolidated into 2 brigades. Soviet special forces conducted their first operation abroad in 1968 in Czechoslovakia. In total, units of the Soviet Army Special Forces visited two dozen states of Latin America, Africa and Asia.


The fighting on the territory of Afghanistan has vividly demonstrated the possibility of independent combat operations by units and special-purpose military units. It became obvious that the actions of intelligence agencies of special forces in the conduct of hostilities against illegal (irregular) military formations, as well as in solving other special tasks, go beyond the scope of only reconnaissance support of combat operations. In Afghanistan, the combat use of military units and special forces formations became an independent part of the actions of the Soviet grouping of troops.

During the Afghan war, counterguerrilla warfare became a very important part of the fighting. Afghan mojaheds used special tactics of guerrilla warfare against the Soviet troops, avoiding direct clashes with Soviet military units. Having organized a surprise attack on a convoy of troops or a transport convoy from an ambush or made a raid on a stationary object, they tried to inflict the greatest possible losses in manpower and equipment in the shortest possible time. However, they tried to immediately leave the area of ​​hostilities, if the situation was unfavorable for them.

In response, the Soviet troops also used various methods of conducting special operations. The organization of ambushes, which became the most effective means of fighting the Mujahideen troops during their movement and caravans, became very widespread in that conflict. weaponscoming from the territory of Pakistan. It was the constant threat of an ambush of Soviet special forces that deprived the Mujahideen of freedom of movement even in the areas they controlled in the country. Very often, such a threat forced them to abandon the use of certain routes.


The experience gained by the special forces was useful during the military campaigns on the territory of Chechnya. Special Forces officers took part in the hostilities from the moment Russian troops were brought into the rebellious republic, they were used by both separate and consolidated detachments. During both Chechen campaigns, Russian special forces carried out their direct duties in the region, carrying out sabotage and reconnaissance and search and ambush activities against Chechen separatists.

At this point in time, the special forces units are the militarized units of the FSB, the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Emergencies Ministry, the Ministry of Justice and a number of other federal bodies of state power (groups, detachments, reinforced groups) with their own names. The most famous Russian special forces are Alpha, Vityaz, Vympel, and Rus. Depending on the departmental affiliation, special-purpose units solve their own tasks: counterintelligence and reconnaissance, sabotage, anti-terrorist or anti-sabotage activities, the release of hostages or rescue operations, search and removal, the seizure of terrorists, the protection of VIPs of the state, strategic facilities, public safety and similar tasks.

The main feature of all such units is their relatively small composition, a very high level of training of fighters, surprise, speed, initiative, boldness, coordination of actions; skillful use in combat of the maneuvering and strike capabilities of military equipment and weapons, as well as the protective properties of the terrain, weather conditions, time of day. Over the years of its existence, the Russian special forces units have achieved the organization of well-functioning and well-organized training of new personnel. Today, Russian special forces are the most combat-ready and combat-ready military units that already have a rich and glorious history.

Information sources:
—Http: //ria.ru/spravka/20121024/905958594.html
—Http: //www.truppen.ru/spetscnaz-rossii/istoriya-i-deyatel-nost/den-podrazdelenii-spetscial-nogo-naznacheniya.html
—Http: //www.calend.ru/holidays/0/0/91
—Http: //sdrvdv.ru/novosti/24-oktyabrya-den-podrazdelenij-specialnogo-naznacheniya-rossijskoj-federacii-specnaza.html
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  1. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 24 October 2013 08: 02
    32
    Happy holiday Special Forces !!! Good luck in your hard and dangerous job!

    Today, Russian special forces are the most combat-ready and combat-ready military units that already have a rich and glorious history.
    Keep it up!
    1. Civil
      Civil 24 October 2013 08: 05
      19
      All involved in the holiday!
      1. Ross
        Ross 24 October 2013 10: 47
        10
        Happy holidays to all of you friends, commandos. Felix, you are my friend personally. I always felt proud of our GRU commandos, although we know little about them from open sources. drinks
        1. edge
          edge 24 October 2013 11: 11
          +9
          Quote: Ross
          Happy holidays to all of you friends, commandos

          Happy Birthday ............ only Russia is our judge
          1. seller trucks
            seller trucks 24 October 2013 12: 49
            +4
            Happy holiday, men!

            FSB, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Moscow Region, Ministry of Emergencies,
            Alpha, Vityaz, Pennant, and Rus -
            Do not count your merits,
            Your let there be a way
            To victory over lawlessness
            Light and without sacrifice
            Being not just a fighter
            And a hero, a savior!

            PS. today is only thursday but have to drink drinks
            1. Gari
              Gari 24 October 2013 16: 53
              +1
              [quote = seller trucks] Happy Holidays, guys!
              Today we drink For our Special Forces
      2. cdrt
        cdrt 24 October 2013 12: 03
        +3
        Quote: Civil
        All involved in the holiday!


        All special forces with a holiday!
    2. LaGlobal
      LaGlobal 24 October 2013 09: 52
      +6
      From the holidays you guys! Good health and that you have everything good!

      Quote: MIKHAN
      Today, Russian special forces are the most combat-ready and combat-ready military units that already have a rich and glorious history.


      And not only! It is also the strongest, staunch and morally superior in spirit in the world of Special Forces!
    3. self-propelled
      self-propelled 24 October 2013 09: 53
      +8
      Quote: MIKHAN
      Today, Russian special forces are the most combat-ready and combat-ready military units that already have a rich and glorious history.

      as one general said Special Forces of the GRU is a scalpel that accurately and quickly removes a "malignant tumor". more precisely, about special forces, probably will not work ...
      WITH HOLIDAY, SWAT !!! and, God grant you, fewer combat alarms!
    4. ars_pro
      ars_pro 24 October 2013 17: 37
      +1
      Happy holiday guys !!!
      Thanks to you, we ordinary citizens live in peace and enjoy life !!!
      God be with you, in your hard business !!!
  2. Bykov.
    Bykov. 24 October 2013 08: 04
    11
    Happy Holidays!
  3. Zhenya
    Zhenya 24 October 2013 08: 08
    +9
    Honor and praise to you!
  4. ilf
    ilf 24 October 2013 08: 10
    11
    Happy Special Forces !!!
  5. vjatsergey
    vjatsergey 24 October 2013 08: 12
    +8
    And I didn’t even know about such a holiday. Happy holiday to everyone who has served or is serving in such units!
  6. atomic
    atomic 24 October 2013 08: 13
    11
    I read today on soap, the MO will increase the number of special forces brigades. With a holiday!
  7. v.lyamkin
    v.lyamkin 24 October 2013 08: 14
    10
    There simply cannot be negative comments on such an article. Happy holiday!
    1. Apollo
      Apollo 24 October 2013 08: 24
      12
      I heartily congratulate veterans and all special forces soldiers and their families on this significant day, a professional holiday. I wish you all good health and all the best. drinks


      Let the service not be honey and not butter,
      Let the service call for a feat
      Charter and heart according to
      Special forces will bring order!
      May it be joyful in victory
      You will be glad to family and children
      And more stars so that on uniform,
      And alive, and happy and rich!
      1. Thunderbolt
        Thunderbolt 24 October 2013 19: 02
        +4
        Happy holiday, brothers! And we will celebrate many many more holidays !!! .. Well, why, happy holiday, Arkhangelsk cavalry, you are all worth its weight in gold, because. go first. I don’t even know that your steel backs or a living heart that is strongerk loves to fight for his mother Russia. All the same the second leads you along this holy path. This means that the song you are entitled to "special" drinks )
  8. Soldier
    Soldier 24 October 2013 08: 18
    17
    Well, I’ve waited. All with a holiday. It is sad that because of P **** sa Serdyukov there is no longer a native 12 (Asbest) or 67 (Berdsk) brigade. Okay, I’ll go drinks
    1. domokl
      domokl 24 October 2013 09: 31
      +8
      I still remember the company in Berdsk. The team is already later. Nothing. Last year, a decision was made to revive the Special Operations Directorate of GRU. And that now there is to leave the Airborne Forces with a holiday. Greetings from Rasomakh!
      1. Ascetic
        Ascetic 24 October 2013 10: 41
        10
        Quote: domokl
        Last year, it was decided to revive the Special Forces of the GRU. And that now there is to leave the Airborne Forces with a holiday. Greetings from Rasomakh!


        I join! Happy holidays, guys, when special forces are nearby at the "point" you can sleep peacefully good
        Military program A.Sladkova from 18.05.2013
        Special Operations Forces - troops designed to achieve political and economic goals anywhere in the world that are of interest to the Russian Federation. Similar forces have long been formed in the United States, Israel, Germany, France and other countries.

        Reporting of the "Military Program" from the recent SSO exercises. Their goal is to imitate the transfer of a regular special forces group to the territory of one of the neighboring states.

        1. Dmitry 2246
          Dmitry 2246 24 October 2013 12: 05
          +4
          Happy holiday guys.
        2. Andranik
          Andranik 25 October 2013 20: 16
          0
          Good transmission. Sheer transparent store. Outfit super. Asked a question
          But are all the special forces so equipped? For some reason, did the specialists in the transfer of Sladkov seem to be some kind of parquet, or what?
  9. Terrible ensign
    Terrible ensign 24 October 2013 08: 25
    10
    All specialists with a professional holiday! Health, well-being, success. In the evening I will raise a glass for you! ...
  10. waisson
    waisson 24 October 2013 08: 32
    10
    I CONGRATULATE ALL WHO SERVED AND SERVES IN THE SWAT TEAM !!! drinks drinks drinks soldier soldier soldier
  11. ivshubarin
    ivshubarin 24 October 2013 08: 33
    11
    HAPPY SPECIAL !!!
  12. Sewer
    Sewer 24 October 2013 08: 45
    +9
    Happy Brothers!
  13. Asgard
    Asgard 24 October 2013 08: 53
    17
    Thank you all for your congratulations.
    when I served, it was called the reserve of the General Staff ...
    I communicate with the officers of the North-Western District deployed on Palace Square))) they say that it is coming to the realization that we will again make parts of the Reserve and equip the pros .... with reporting directly to the Headquarters ....
    Soviet experience ...
    But part of my liquidated ....
    My colleagues and I are reluctant to go to modern amusing troops with flying temples (as in the Airborne Forces))))
    So the holiday has arrived, to talk about it)))) "Specialists" are shaped warriors.
    Specura is in modern (network) wars a guarantee of victory ...
    1. bask
      bask 24 October 2013 20: 19
      +2
      Quote: Asgard
      Specura is in modern (network) wars a guarantee of victory ...

      EET definitely Asgard.
      All special forces with a holiday.
      BE ALWAYS WITH A SHIELD !!!
      Once again, all the specialists on the holiday.
  14. Dimitr
    Dimitr 24 October 2013 09: 18
    +8
    Guys, happy holiday! Best wishes, success in the professional field !!!
  15. yan
    yan 24 October 2013 09: 20
    +6
    Happy holiday! Peaceful sky! Professional excellence!
  16. morpogr
    morpogr 24 October 2013 09: 24
    +6
    Happy Holiday! Health and Happiness to you and your family and friends!
  17. George
    George 24 October 2013 09: 29
    +6
    I join in the congratulations. Happy Birthday !!!
    With best wishes.
    Special Forces TE !!!
    drinks drinks drinks
  18. wulf66
    wulf66 24 October 2013 09: 36
    +7
    Good luck to the children and peace of mind at home! Everything else will be taken away from the enemies !!!
  19. godun
    godun 24 October 2013 09: 47
    +5
    Happy holiday, best wishes !!! At one time I saw how specialists work, professionals worthy of respect and admiration. This is not an apartment for you to receive, for scratched tooth enamel ...
  20. andrei332809
    andrei332809 24 October 2013 09: 54
    +4
    Happy holiday, fighters!
    but for me there will always be two special forces-A and B. no offense.
    remembered from the Soviet
    A and B were sitting on a pipe. And it disappeared, B fell ... who stayed on the pipe?
  21. timontim
    timontim 24 October 2013 09: 58
    +6
    Happy holidays!
  22. Silkway0026
    Silkway0026 24 October 2013 10: 01
    13
    On TV they showed: in Holland, when there were competitions, a black man from the village of Indostan wailed:
    “We have a lot of helicopters in the States, we don't go, we fly,” says Sergeant James Smith. “Therefore, we have to train a lot for such marches. But I don’t understand why go a hundred kilometers, get tired, and then fight when you can to get you taken to the battlefield in a helicopter? "


    And ours just reached the finish line in full force and collected all the medals. Comments are redundant.
    1. andrei332809
      andrei332809 24 October 2013 10: 26
      14
      Quote: Silkway0026
      Comments are superfluous.

      1. Abracadabra
        Abracadabra 24 October 2013 14: 36
        -4
        As always, a false report by a zombie worker .. They selected the best, prepared for half a year .. Is it just some supply troops. But nothing like special forces, troops, marines, mountain troops, etc. Some kind of mattresses to give out for special forces .., mmda .. Airborne of course respect for the first place. But in the exams for the non-commissioned officer, not even in the elite combat units 40-60km per day, but with 40kg of equipment and if the machine gun is not lucky in the hands, this is usually the case ..
        1. uizik
          uizik 24 October 2013 21: 41
          +1
          You know a lot, just don’t fly! In my time, little was known about the GRU special forces And it was good! A little noise, the result is better! Scout saboteurs do not need advertising. And according to this, even tanks wore lapels. HAPPY SPECIAL!
        2. Mairos
          Mairos 25 October 2013 09: 57
          0
          You will dress 20 kg at least and walk, without running, along the intersection of 40 km. And then you sing songs here that 40-60 a day with 40 kilograms of load is a common thing.
    2. Abracadabra
      Abracadabra 24 October 2013 14: 20
      -8
      What nonsense .. I can find an interview with the deputy head of the Airborne Forces, about joint exercises in the USA. The only advantage is the horizontal bars .. In any army in the world, special forces work out in full, the only difference is in armament, logistics and access to information.
      1. Mairos
        Mairos 25 October 2013 10: 00
        0
        Of course, special forces are cooking everywhere. You do not look for an interview, but try it yourself with your legs, then write what is normal and what is beyond. Have you tried to walk in the mountains, or in the foothills with at least 20 kilos?
  23. Nok
    Nok 24 October 2013 10: 02
    13
    We made such strides that not everyone will reach it.
    We waited for hours in ambush, not looking at the snow and rain.
    We don’t drown in icy water and don’t burn at all,
    We are Special Forces - this means that our Union is invincible !!! (c) Knock. )))
  24. Armata
    Armata 24 October 2013 10: 06
    +7
    Happy holiday. Good luck and health to you, your wives and children. I wish more calm days and nights to your families.
  25. andrei332809
    andrei332809 24 October 2013 10: 11
    +8

    here, dug up
  26. Ahmed Osmanov
    Ahmed Osmanov 24 October 2013 10: 14
    +4
    Happy holiday special forces! I wish you to carry out combat operations without loss.
  27. avt
    avt 24 October 2013 10: 33
    +5
    Happy Holidays and good luck!
  28. self-propelled
    self-propelled 24 October 2013 10: 35
    +7
    REAL MAN!
    and this is for "urya-patriots" and "pseudo-specialists" (most of them did not even serve in the army, and bravely fight only in on-line)

    I apologize in advance for some rudeness recourse
  29. Russ69
    Russ69 24 October 2013 10: 39
    +9
    FOR YOU, FOR US AND FOR THE SPECIALIZED !!! drinks soldier
    WITH HOLIDAY MEN!
    1. Andranik
      Andranik 25 October 2013 20: 20
      0
      )))))))))) 0
  30. nazgul-ishe
    nazgul-ishe 24 October 2013 11: 13
    +3
    Happy holiday reservists !!!
  31. aszzz888
    aszzz888 24 October 2013 11: 14
    +4
    All the guys to be safe and sound !. "Cascade" - Happy Holidays! Sasha M., you personally !!!
  32. Prapor Afonya
    Prapor Afonya 24 October 2013 11: 17
    +5
    Happy Rex! I wish you health and good luck !!!
    PS And in the pictures again not the army special forces, that's it!
    1. Timeout
      Timeout 24 October 2013 11: 35
      +9
      All volatiles in particular 22 OBRSN, toothy and waterfowl with a holiday! The most important thing to all is health! And everything else will abide.
      P.S. Exactly special forces BB ...
  33. Bort radist
    Bort radist 24 October 2013 12: 06
    +7
    Special forces - the heroes of Russia whom they do not know in person.
  34. Vitya.
    Vitya. 24 October 2013 12: 34
    +3
    Happy holiday !!! All the best to you !!! Hooray! Hooray! Hooray! soldier
  35. albai
    albai 24 October 2013 13: 02
    +4
    "Intelligence is always surrounded by a halo of mystery and suspense. And the secret behind the seven seals was special forces. The methods and techniques of his activity, its results and results have always been kept secret. Because in the multi-pass strategy and design, the special forces played the role of a trump card in the big game. Special forces scouts in this game made their moves. Honestly before ourselves and deceiving the enemy. The reward of this work is restrained male gratitude of colleagues and state awards, respect and authority in a narrow circle of initiates. Memory. And oblivion when this circle opens ...." Yuri STAROV, guard colonel, commander of the 15th Special Order of the Red Banner of the Republic of Afghanistan, special forces brigades. Nothing to add or diminish. Happy holiday fighting friends !!!!
  36. Vyalik
    Vyalik 24 October 2013 13: 03
    +3
    I congratulate ALL who have served and are serving in Special Forces on a holiday. All the best.
  37. stoqn477
    stoqn477 24 October 2013 13: 11
    +3
    Happy Holidays! wink
  38. Rinat 1
    Rinat 1 24 October 2013 13: 38
    +3
    WITH THE HOLIDAY OF ALL WHO SERVED IN THE SWAT !!! soldier SWAT IS NOT A PROFESSION, A LIFESTYLE. drinks
  39. Ahmed Osmanov
    Ahmed Osmanov 24 October 2013 14: 35
    +2
    By the way, in the photo there are fighters of the MTR of the Ministry of Defense
  40. Kurkin
    Kurkin 24 October 2013 14: 41
    +2
    Guys, happy holiday! Thank you for our safety!
  41. VikDok
    VikDok 24 October 2013 14: 52
    0
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=6FJnyClKfO4

    Happy Brothers!
  42. vietnam7
    vietnam7 24 October 2013 14: 54
    +1
    Happy holiday! It is sad only for the native 12th brigade, but for the rest, cut and sawn units. We walk around in a circle, reduce, realize, recreate. in Google looked at the territory of his native brigade - one yearning. Well, nothing, there will be a holiday on our street - URAL-ASBESTOS forever! Happy men!
    1. edge
      edge 24 October 2013 15: 18
      +2
      Quote: vietnam7
      It is sad only for the native 12th brigade, but for the rest, cut and sawn units.

      tsrushniki successfully selected a candidate for the post of Minister of Defense, so he tried to please the owners. Nothing, restore and raise the level many times, they still come back to haunt, and we will help echo multiple times.
  43. razved
    razved 24 October 2013 14: 54
    +1
    Happy holiday Brothers. I wish you to always return home !!!
  44. VikDok
    VikDok 24 October 2013 14: 58
    +1
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=6FJnyClKfO4
    Happy Brothers!
  45. polly
    polly 24 October 2013 14: 58
    +4
    Native special forces - for all of us!
    Thanks to the current and former fighters for the dangerous military work. Their everyday everyday work is thousands of saved lives, it is a pity that they themselves can not always be protected. I always read the messages about the liquidation of a terrorist group from the end, with the hope that God has saved the lives of our children.
    The military elite of new victories and good luck!
  46. Andreitas
    Andreitas 24 October 2013 15: 26
    +1
    SWAT force !!!!! Happy holiday!
  47. kafa
    kafa 24 October 2013 15: 54
    +1
    skill good luck happiness so that it wouldn’t be just zz-autra and today I’m fighting (we are covering each other) we are shooting at us. tomorrow the house is a wife and children a cat dog and a turtle ......... and today .. the children’s children I need are not substituted for the main thing in the world is a cat dog and a turtle
  48. Poruchik 90
    Poruchik 90 24 October 2013 16: 06
    +2
    Happy holiday men. A comrade works nearby, he has a brother, the commander of a battalion of specialists in Afghanistan, 3 red stars. You are the best.
  49. vitvit123
    vitvit123 24 October 2013 16: 47
    +4
    16 O. Br. - CHUKAN - ALL BROTHERS ........... !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    1. Alex 241
      Alex 241 24 October 2013 16: 56
      +5
      My congratulations. To soldiers of military luck. Relatives and friends of health, happiness and patience.
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