Military Review

People's hero of the First World War

"... We honor your feat as a hero,
And we will honor him - bye,

There is an army of Don in Russia, -
And the spirit of the powerful Cossack lives. ”

Georges cavaliers ... These words evoke in mind the images of dashing udaltsy, whose chest is decorated with gleaming silver and gold of St. George's crosses. Beauty and pride of the Russian army. Initially, the order of St. George was awarded only to generals and officers, but the grandson of the founder of the award, Alexander I, issued a decree commanding to extend this high honor to the lower ranks. 13 February 1807, a new "insignia of the order." For almost fifty years, the soldier’s cross had only one degree, but since the Crimean War 1856 of the year, four degrees have been instituted - the same was with the officer’s order.

The cross is small, but the reward for the soldier is great - the honor of "accrediting to the honorary order of the Holy Great Martyr George the Victorious." It was only possible to deserve it by accomplishing an outstanding act: capturing the enemy general, first to break into the enemy’s fortress, seizing the enemy banner, saving in the battle of his own banner or the life of the commander. St. George's crosses were more proud than any other awards. An ordinary warrior, who was barely remembered in his native village, earning the Cross of St. George, was made visible by a person, since rumors carried such fame far better than printed publications.

Cossacks have always been a real headache for any opponents of Tsarist Russia. Their cavalry, being part of the Russian army, visited the fields of almost all of Europe and Asia. Attacking three times the surplus enemy, hitting him from the rear, catching up the panic, disperse the wagon train, repel the guns - it was common for them. One of the most famous Cossacks - the Knights of the Cross of St. George - was Kuzma Firsovich Kryuchkov.

Information about his biography is very scarce. Kozma Firsovich was born in 1890 (and according to other sources in 1888) in the family of the Don Cossack Firs Larionovich. Kryuchkovs had a strong patriarchal family of Old Believers with strict moral principles. The boy spent his childhood in his native farm Nizhne-Kalmykovskiy, belonging to Ust-Khoperskaya stanitsa Ust'-Medveditsk district of Upper Don. In 1911, Kozma successfully graduated from the village school and was called up for service in the third Don Cossack regiment. According to the traditions dating back to the Middle Ages and lost to the beginning of the twentieth century in Russia (except for the Don regions and Siberia), at thirteen Kozma Firsovich was already married to a fifteen-year-old Cossack girl. Such marriages were explained both by the early growing up of people and by ordinary economic necessity — young workers were needed in the houses. Thus, at the time of departure for military service, Kozma already had two children: a boy and a girl.

At seventeen, a young Cossack on the Don received a sword and chose a foal for himself in the herd. From that moment on, their lives became inseparable. The Cossack was obliged to independently travel the horse and make him obey him without commands. At nineteen, all the young men swore allegiance and fell into the number of internal servants. For two years their training was going on - young guys were trained in the ranks, in possession of cold weaponsshooting and so on At twenty-one and for a period of fifteen years all the Cossacks were enrolled in the field. Part of this term, the Cossacks served "urgent" - away from home in the military units without the right to stay for several years. Sometimes (depending on the situation at the borders) it turned out that the Cossack was withdrawn several times. Living in the village, the Cossacks could engage in fishing, tillage, in general, any craft, but at the first call and at any time of the day were obliged to unconditionally leave all the activities, family and be fully prepared for the march. The Cossacks resigned in forty-one years, but this did not mean the abandonment of military affairs — they served in the infirmary, military carts, etc. Also it was possible to continue the service in the field discharge. "In the clean" Cossacks fired only in sixty-one year. But many of them did not part with their cockades (service marks), entering the council of old men, helping the ataman to lead the village, as well as being the people's court, the conscience of the Cossacks.

By the time the First World War began in 1914, the emperical (corporal) of the sixth hundred Third Don regiment Kozma Firsovich was already an experienced warrior, strong and agile, skillful and savvy. For the war, he, like every Cossack, was ready both morally and physically. I met her without fear, saw in it my main purpose, all that was part of his definition of "life." And according to one Cossack proverb: “Life is not a party, but not a funeral either.” According to the recollections of comrades, Kryuchkov was distinguished by a certain shyness and modesty, was open, sincere, and unusually bold. A whirlwind on his head, a strong build, a dexterous, mobile figure, all betrayed in him the true son of Don.

The regiment, which served as a brave Cossack, was stationed in the Polish town of Kalwaria. The main event of the whole life of Kozma Kryuchkov happened on July 30 of the 1914 year (August 12 in a new style) almost in his first battle clash with the enemy. On this day, a guard patrol consisting of four Cossacks led by Kryuchkov, when climbing up a hill, ran into a detachment of German cavalrymen numbering twenty-seven people (according to some information at thirty). The meeting was unexpected for both groups. The Germans were confused, but, having understood that there were only four Cossacks, they attacked. Despite the nearly sevenfold superiority, Kozma Firsovich and his comrades - Vasily Astakhov, Ivan Shchegolkov, Mikhail Ivankin - decided to take the fight. Opponents have become close and twirled in a deadly battle, the Cossacks covered each other, shredding the enemy according to old-fashioned covenants. At the first moment of the battle, Kryukov threw a rifle from his shoulder, but he too jerked the shutter too sharply and the cartridge was jammed. Then he snatched the sword, and at the end of the battle, when the forces began to leave him, he continued to fight with a pick snatched from the lancer’s hands. The results of the battle amazed the imagination - according to subsequent award documents and official reports, by the end of the battle twenty-two German horsemen were killed, two more seriously wounded Germans were captured and only three opponents survived to flee. The Cossacks did not lose a single person, although everyone had injuries of varying severity. According to the comrades, Kryuchkov single-handedly defeated eleven enemies, while he himself received over a dozen stab wounds, and his horse was no less affected.

So Kozma Firsovich described that fight: “At about ten o'clock in the morning we headed from Kalvaria to the Alexandrovo estate. There were four of us, climbing up the hill, came across a junction of twenty-seven people, including their officer and non-commissioned officer. The Germans climbed on us, we met them bravely, some were laid. Dodging, we had to separate. Eleven people surrounded me. Not tea to stay alive, I decided to sell my life more expensive. My horse is obedient, agile. He fired his rifle, but in a hurry he popped a cartridge, and at that time the German slashed his fingers. I threw a rifle and took up the sword. Got a couple of minor wounds. He felt that blood was flowing, but he understood that the wounds were not serious. For every one I pay with a death blow, from which a German lies forever a layer. Having laid several of them, I felt that with a sword it became difficult to work, picked up their pike and one by one put the rest. During this time, my comrades overcame others. There were twenty-four corpses on the ground, and not wounded horses scudded around in fear. Comrades received wounds, I received sixteen, but all empty, shots in the hands, in the neck, in the back. My horse received eleven wounds, but I rode six miles back on it. On August 1, General Rennenkampf arrived at White Olita, took off the St. George ribbon and pinned it on my chest. ”

For the perfect feat of Kozma Kryuchkov, the first soldier of the Russian imperial army received the St. George Cross of the fourth degree (the award number was 5501, an order from 11 (or 24 in new style) in August 1914.) "Soldier George" Cossack received in the hospital from the hands of army commander Pavel Rennenkampf, who was an experienced cavalry commander, who had a good reputation in Manchuria in 1900, and most likely understood a cavalry battle. The remaining participants were awarded St. George medals.

The Don Cossacks put into the First World War sixty horse regiments, thirty three horse batteries, six Plastun battalions, five spare regiments, three spare batteries, and more than eighty individual special hundreds. According to researchers, in less than four years of the war, thirty-six thousand Don Cossacks became owners of St. George's crosses, and about six hundred heroes had a “full bow”. Of course, the most famous Cossack from the Don at that time was the first Georgy cavalier of the entire Russian army - Kozma Kryuchkov. More often on the war posters, only the Russian Emperor met. And one more curious fact, “the officer Georgy” was also the first of all officers of the imperial army who was also awarded the Don Cossack - Sergey Vladimirovich Boldyrev, centurion of the first Don regiment.

After five days in the infirmary, Kryuchkov returned to his unit, but was soon sent on leave to his native village. By the time of the return of Kozma Firsovich история about his feat managed to reach the ears of Emperor Nicholas II, it also outlined the actual all print publications of Russia. Overnight, the gallant Don Cossack became famous, becoming a living symbol of Russian military courage, a worthy heir to the epic warriors. Kryuchkov became the favorite target of photographers and even appeared in the newsreels. In 1914, all the pages of newspapers and magazines were filled with his photos. His face was painted on the cigarette boxes and patriotic posters, cheap popular prints and postage stamps. A steamer and a film were named after him, Repin himself painted a portrait of a Cossack, and some particularly fanatical fans went to the front to get to know him. The portrait of Kryuchkov was even on the wrappers of the “Heroic” candies produced at the Kolesnikov confectionery factory. The Moscow almanac "The Great War in Pictures and Images" reported: "The feat of the Cossack Kryuchkov, who became the first in a long series of awards for the outstanding feats of the lower ranks of the Order of St. George, arouses general enthusiasm."

In the acting army, Kozma was given a “thug” position of the chief of the convoy at the division headquarters. His popularity at this time reached its apogee. According to the stories of his colleagues, the whole convoy took part in reading the letters addressed to the hero, the division headquarters was littered with food packages. If their part was withdrawn from the front, the division commander informed the authorities of the city to which the troops were sent that Kozma Firsovich would be among them. Often after this, the warriors were met with music by a whole crowd of residents. Everyone wanted to see the glorified hero with their own eyes. In Moscow, the Cossack received a saber in a silver frame, and in Petrograd, Kryuchkov was presented with a saber in a frame of gold, the blade of which was covered in full praise. Soon, however, Kozma was tired of acting as an exhibit at the headquarters, he personally asked the authorities to transfer him back to the third Don regiment to fight the Germans.

People's hero of the First World War

His request was granted, and the brave Cossack found himself on the Romanian front. The fights were constantly going on here, the regiment fought it perfectly, Kryuchkov himself in a short time managed to prove himself a calculating, cold-blooded and intelligent fighter. And he always had the courage for three. For example, in the 1915 year, he, along with ten volunteers, attacked a detachment of the enemy that was stationed twice in the village. Part of the Germans was destroyed, many were captured alive, and among the abandoned things were found securities on the location of the German troops. Kozma was fired as sergeant, and "the general who came came shook his hand and said that he was proud to serve in one part with him." Soon the Cossack was given under the command of a hundred. In subsequent years, Kozma Firsovich repeatedly took part in major battles, often converged face-to-face with enemies, and was wounded more than once. So in one of the battles in Poland, he received three wounds at once, one of which threatened his life. Kozma had to undergo treatment for several weeks in a hospital near Warsaw. At the end of 1916, at the beginning of 1917, he was again injured and sent to a hospital in the city of Rostov. Here a unpleasant story happened to him, local crooks stole the Order of George and the golden award weapon from the hero. The incident was covered in Rostov newspapers. It was one of the last press references to Kozma Firsovich.

What are the crosses of St. George? Their attractiveness and authority among the masses was primarily explained by the fact that they were an indisputable symbol of selfless service to the Fatherland, loyalty to military duty and oath. “Georges” were awarded only for concrete feats, and not “automatic,” as some “researchers” believe. The awards included:
• Established by Catherine II “The Imperial Military Order of the Holy Great Martyr and Victorious George” for officers;
• The insignia of the Military Order, called the “St. George Cross,” also known as Soldier George (sometimes referred to as “Egorius” by the people);
• St. George Medal;
• St. George weapons;
• Collective St. George awards;
• Memorable awards with St. George attributes (as a rule, St. George ribbon).

The first cavalier soldier George became a non-commissioned officer of the Cavalry Regiment, Yegor Ivanovich Mityukhin. He distinguished himself 2 on June 1807 in the battle with Napoleon’s troops at Friedland (near Kaliningrad). Before the revolution, the insignia of the Military Order was worn with dignity by many brilliant military leaders and commanders of the Red Army. For example, George Zhukov had two St. George crosses, Konstantin Rokossovsky - two St. George medals and St. George's cross, Rodion Malinovsky - two St. George crosses. Vasily Ivanovich Chapaev was the owner of a “full bow” (four crosses of St. George), Semen Mikhailovich Budyonny also had all degrees, and he received the fourth two times, the court deprived him of his reward for insulting the sergeant. I would especially like to mention the youngest Georgievskikh Kavalerov. Kazak Ilya Trofimov during the First World War went to the front as a minor volunteer and was awarded the St. George's Crosses of the third and fourth degree for combat exploits. A teenager, Volodya Vladimirov, went to war with his father-Khorunzhiy. He served as a scout, was captured, managed to escape and deliver important information to the command. For this, the brave guy received the St. George Cross of the fourth degree.

At the end of the war, Kryuchkov was the owner of two St. George crosses (the third is 92481 number and fourth degree), two St. George medals “For Bravery” (also third and fourth degrees), he rose to the position of the first officer rank among the Cossacks. When the February revolution broke out, the life of Kozma Firsovich, like many other Don Cossacks, changed dramatically. At this time, Kryuchkov had just recovered from his injuries and was discharged from the hospital. He was unanimously elected chairman of the regimental committee. But then there was a coup, the army collapsed in a short period of time, and there was a split among the Cossacks. Kuzma Kryuchkov, who was the most typical representative of the Cossacks from the Quiet Don, never for a moment thought about the question: "To accept or not to accept the revolution." Loyal to the Fatherland, the king, sworn in, Kozma took the side of the whites and, after the collapse of the army and the regiment, returned to 1918 in the year to his home.

However, the Cossacks did not succeed in a peaceful life in their native land. The Bolsheviks between the two divided and turned into brothers and friends, fathers and children. For example, Kryuchkov’s closest friend and member of the legendary battle, Mikhail Ivankov, decided to continue his service in the Red Army. And Koz'ma Firsovich himself during the Civil War had to confront another famous countryman - the future commander of the second Cavalry Army, Philip Mironov.

The feat of Kozma Kryuchkov was not at all accidental. The Cossacks were professional warriors who knew no equals in equestrian or on foot combat. In that battle, they chopped the sleek Europeans in the same way as their grandfathers and great-grandfathers a hundred, two hundred, three hundred years ago, because they were stronger, braver, better trained. Behind the Cossacks stood fighting spirit, military culture, traditions. As early as the sixteenth century, the Cossacks' ability to win in the minority was considered an indisputable fact. And this is their property even in the First World War with all zeppelin, machine guns, gases, howitzers was not lost. History knows many glorious examples of Cossack courage and daring. For example, the Azov seat, when a handful of Cossacks stood up against the huge Turkish army with numerous artillery and a cloud of foreign mercenaries. Persevered, reflecting twenty-four bloody attacks. Or during the Russian-Japanese war of 1904-1905-ies, the combined detachment under the command of the celebrated General Pavel Ivanovich Mishchenko stormed through the Japanese rear in three days, “making” almost 150 kilometers for three days, leaving behind only a glow of fires. And here is another example of the First World War. In Galicia in August 1914, an officer of the third Khopersky regiment, Andrei Shkuro, together with seventeen fighters, Kuban Cossacks and hussars, took up the battle with a squadron of guards hussars. Shkurovtsy managed to smash the German guards, captured two machine guns and nearly fifty hussars (including two officers) in captivity. Andrei Grigorievich himself wrote in his memoirs: “For this, they gave me a cherished“ cranberry ”(Saint Anna of the fourth degree), and a saber with a scarlet lingerie”.

At the beginning of 1918, the Red Army came to the Don, which was withdrawing from Ukraine and oppressed by the Kaiser troops. Each detachment undergone various “contributions” to villages, requisitioned food, horses, household items. At the same time, baseless executions took place. The hastily created committees of the rural poor also arbitrarily and robbed the people. In such conditions, the number of supporters of the new government sharply decreased, but the disarmed and demoralized Cossacks were slow, as if waiting for some kind of miracle. At that moment they were not brought to the extreme degree of despair. In this regard, for the first six months, only partisan troops fought against the advancing on Novocherkassk, Taganrog and Rostov. At the end of April, 1918-th Kryuchkov, together with his friend Alekseev, created a detachment of seventy people, armed with swords and two dozen rifles. With such miserable forces, Kozma Firsovich repeatedly tried to repel the Ust-Medveditskaya village, in which well-armed units of the Red Army under the command of Mironov, a former military sergeant (later executed by the Bolsheviks), constantly supported by passing troops.

By the beginning of May, the 1918 of the year of the atrocities of the Reds multiplied, and it was then that the Cossack marchers poured into the steppe. The Veshensky uprising grew, allowing Kryuchkov and Alekseev to undertake a new attack on the district village. 10 May at four o'clock in the morning a detachment of Ust-Khopertsev under the command of Kryuchkov flew at the red pickets. The bulk of the team under the command of Alekseeva attacked the village from the front. The battle was bloody, the village passed from hand to hand a couple of times, but the whites finally won. “Don Wave” wrote: “... during the capture of Ust-Medveditskaya, Kozma Kryuchkov - the Cossack of the village of Ust-Khoperskaya and the hero of the last war with the Germans who shot a picket of six people — distinguished himself.” For the successful attack Kryuchkov was fired into a cornet. From that moment on, he became not just an active participant in the uprising, but one of the respected leaders. The rank and file Cossacks undividedly trusted him - the cornet of the thirteenth Ust-Khopersky equestrian regiment of the Ust-Medveditsa division. In addition, the presence of a famous hero in the ranks of whites was the best campaign for recruiting volunteers in the villages. Kozma Firsovich himself continued to fight skillfully, except for heroism and courage, according to the recollections of his commanders, was distinguished by high moral character. The Cossack did not tolerate looting, and rare attempts by his subordinates to get hold of at the expense of "trophies" from the local population or "gifts from the Reds" stopped them with a whip.

After the feat of the Cossack in August 1914, he was honored as a national hero. However, Kozma Firsovich himself always remembered that he could not accomplish the feat without the help of his faithful horse. In that battle, the four-legged friend of the hero received eleven, and according to some information, even twelve wounds. The brown stallion named "Bonnet" was the favorite of the whole Kryuchkov family. Together with him, in 1910, Kryuchkov entered the service, and all four years was inseparable from the horse. Not once did Kostya and Kozma win the first prizes at the races, thanks in large part to their stallion, the Cossack was due to the reputation of a first-class rider. After the legendary fight, Kozma quickly recovered from his injuries, which was not the case with the stallion. The wounds of his four-friend turned out to be incurable. When Kryuchkov learned this, he decided to thank the faithful animal in a rather original way. A letter was sent to the History Museum in Novocherkassk with a request to attach the Backbone to the local exposition. In the message, written, obviously, not without the help of regimental letters, Kozma Firsovich said: “Mister manager, I would like the horse to remain in memory of me and all the Cossacks. I ask you to place his effigy or skeleton in a museum .... Tell me how best to deliver it to Novocherkassk. ” The idea of ​​Kryuchkov was treated as an extravagant prank of the hero - if perpetuating, then only the glory of man.

No matter how bravely the Cossacks fought, no military mastery, no heroism could defeat the force rolling on the Don. At the end of the summer of 1919, whites began their retreat on this territory. Ust-Medveditskaya cavalry division fought and retreated, fought fierce battles, experienced wars fought on both sides, past the fire of World War. That, going on to counterattacks, then defending themselves, taking losses and capturing prisoners, the division covered the withdrawal of the Don army. Kryuchkov headed one of the units of the rearguard, restraining the Reds near the village of Lopuhovka of the village of Ostrovskaya. By this time he had already received the rank of centurion. Several Cossacks, including Kozma Firsovich, were not far from the bridge across the Medveditsa River. The bridge itself was considered “no one’s,” but it was a great place to contain the advancing Bolsheviks. By the time Kryuchkov’s squad arrived in time for him, the Reds vanguard had already moved to the other side. Under the cover of two machine guns, soldiers were digging in. Perhaps Kryuchkov decided to use this moment in order to rectify the situation. There was no time to explain what was already planned, he pulled out a sword and ran to the bridge, throwing the rest over his shoulder: “Follow me, brothers. Beat the bridge. And to meet them on the bridge moved about forty people. The Cossacks slowed down, got up and red, watching as only one person fleeing the attack on them. According to the stories, Kozma Kryuchkov safely reached the first machine-gun nest and chopped up the entire calculation, after which he was shot from the second machine-gun. The battle nevertheless began, in the confusion the comrades managed to pull out the hero. Bullets riddled Cossack. Three hits fell into his stomach, so Kozma Firsovich suffered a lot and could not move. The wounds were so terrible that it became clear to everyone - the death of a brave man is inevitable. To the doctor’s attempt to bandage him, Kozma courageously replied: “Do not spoil the doctor’s bandages ... they are not enough ... and I won back.” Dying he stayed in the village. But what his colleagues wrote when they were in emigration: “In the autumn of 1919, Kryuchkov, heading the guard of the Cossacks, without an order, he arbitrarily tried to dislodge the Reds from the opposite shore near the stanitsa of Ostrovskaya. Having let them go, the Reds shot them from a machine gun. ” Kozma Kryuchkov died from wounds 18 August 1919-th year. According to other - not documented sources - he was wounded shot red. And in one absolutely unthinkable story it is told that Budyonny personally dealt with him. The body of Kozma Firsovich was buried in the cemetery of his native village.

In Volgograd, on the upper terrace of the Central Embankment in 2010, a monument dedicated to the Cossacks of Russia was unveiled on National Unity Day. The composition, which is a Cossack, leaving the service, and a Cossack, holding in her hand an icon of the Mother of God and blessing the warrior with the sign of the cross, was created by sculptor Vladimir Seryakov. The height of the new monument is almost four meters, it stands in the square near the Church of John the Baptist. And this is not just so, it is in this place that the Gospel and the cross, which the Don Army carried through the First and Second World Wars, surrendered to the Cossacks by the German side, are kept. Vladimir Seryakov said that real people served as prototypes for the characters in the sculptural composition: the hero of the Russian-German war, Kuzma Kryuchkov and his spouse.

Kuzma Kryuchkova’s name doesn’t mean anything to most people in Russia. This is understandable, after the revolutions of 1917, all information about the heroes of imperialist times was consistently destroyed. Not a single Cossack was so lightly lifted up on the pedestal of national glory ... And not a single Cossack was so slandered under Soviet rule. They made a mockery of his name, his actions were declared a propaganda lie, a fiction ... The Cossacks, on the whole, were perceived by the Soviet authorities only as "suppressors of the revolution" and "the main support of tsarism." The new ruling elite did not stop at the destruction of the Cossacks as a unique military class, she tried to erase all the memory of him.

Such a reassessment of values ​​by new generations is not at all an invention of the past century. They copied history and debunked old idols when changing the ruling elite always and not only on the Russian land. In particular, during the reign of the Cossacks, the memory that they are an independent people was also etched (and not without success). The court chroniclers began to distort the ancient history of the Cossacks after the end of the Patriotic War of 1812. This was done as an attempt to combat their increased separatism and authority.

The Cossacks have a wonderful saying: “True lie does not take either lies or rust.” Glory is immortal, and in this we are constantly convinced. Unfortunately, today at a fairly large once (four kilometers long), Kozma Kryuchkov’s native farm did not stand a single house. The cemetery was abandoned and overgrown with grass, where the grave of the legendary Cossack, the hero of the First World War, which was lost among the weeds, is located. The memorial cross on it is also not preserved. Nobody comes here now, and descendants of those who have found rest in this place do not come, and there are thousands of graves - thousands of torn strings of memory.

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  1. general.bnw
    general.bnw 7 October 2013 09: 18
    Lord! ALL who fought for the freedom and independence of the Fatherland, and in 1242, and in 1380, and in 1812, and 1914-1918, and in 1941-1945, and in many other wars - HEROES, and they must be honored equally!
  2. svskor80
    svskor80 7 October 2013 09: 58
    The wording of the Second Patriotic War is generally interesting, and its heroes are undeservedly forgotten.
  3. aszzz888
    aszzz888 7 October 2013 10: 41
    Real Heroes - St. George Knights!
    All Glory, Honor and Forgetfulness!
  4. erased
    erased 7 October 2013 11: 45
    The civil war split the country and people. the tsarist government began the split before the war, and then the matter was compounded.
    As for the looters, they were on both sides of the front. Kryuchkova, of course, is a pity. Like the millions of people who died during the First World War and the Civil War.
  5. George
    George 7 October 2013 12: 51
    I read about this hero.
    The book "The most famous St. George Cavaliers"
    Eternal memory and glory!
    1. xan
      xan 7 October 2013 16: 19
      also read
      Based on the results of this skirmish, the Germans made a simple but destructive conclusion - because of the cavalry training system, the German cavalryman was not ready for melee combat. He simply does not know how to beat and stab with a saber and lance. Rather, in German he knows how, and in Russian only decent people make fun of it in this way.
  6. Walking
    Walking 7 October 2013 16: 34
    Real Cossack!
  7. deman73
    deman73 7 October 2013 18: 28
    He is a hero and in any army a hero !!!
  8. Brave
    Brave 7 October 2013 20: 36
    Quote: deman73
    He is a hero and in any army a hero !!!

    I agree to all 100
  9. Avenger711
    Avenger711 7 October 2013 20: 59
    The second domestic one was civilian, when among the interventionist armies (14 countries got into trouble, there were only 12 with Napoleon), with tens of thousands of people, often exceeding the actual white armies, the Cossacks had to pile up.
  10. Marat
    Marat 7 October 2013 22: 06
    In The Quiet Don, Sholokhov described this battle and the "feat" itself in a completely different way. And Kryuchkov himself is not exhibited there in the best light.
    1. Marat
      Marat 9 October 2013 11: 38
      Why did it happen?
  11. gus
    gus 8 October 2013 14: 59
    it’s a pity that we lost the war
  12. The comment was deleted.
  13. Polovec
    Polovec 8 October 2013 21: 51
    The Cossacks represented the elite of the nation. Devotion to Stainless was laid to the Cossack from birth by everyday life, traditions, and upbringing. Young people adopted pride from the elders from generation to generation with a sense of duty to the Fatherland. The awareness of their own exceptionalism was even seen in the fact that their involvement in the Russian nation was extremely reluctant. The Cossacks considered themselves to be a separate nationality, and until the 20s, the nationality indicated themselves in the column, not seeing the difference between nationality and class.
    The Civil War divided Don. The king denied. Who is right? For whom to fight? From whom to defend the homeland? Is it only that the Cossacks faced these questions?
    Peasants by occupation, owners convinced that only the sick or lazy can be poor, naturally for the most part did not accept the laws of the new government and until the last defended their world for which they were exterminated.
    The modern government, trying to revive the Cossacks, does not understand the essence of this deceased estate. What is a rebirth for? What goals need to be addressed today? What are acceptable means for solving the tasks?
    Unfortunately, we see only discharged men with incomprehensible insignia and awards. The idea is replaced by some kind of theatrical performances, whips, hats, etc. .... Patrolling the streets together with militia outfits at the level of Soviet combatants ... Perhaps this is also useful, but it’s too small.
    I remember the checkers of my grandfather (one combat, the other award), greeting cards from General Pliev. Having started the war in the cavalry and received the first wound during the Dovator raid, the grandfather continued the war and ended in the tank troops. He was a Cossack.
    I am proud of my kind. How to return all this? Well, certainly not wearing the uniform worn by law ...