As transmits "BBC", Obama and Rouhani discussed in a telephone conversation an agreement on Tehran’s nuclear program. The US President told his Iranian counterpart that serious barriers may arise in the process of concluding an agreement, and the success of the negotiations is not guaranteed. Nevertheless, the head of the White House believes that the leaders of the two countries will find a comprehensive solution.
The Iranian president, in turn, expressed the hope that an agreement on the nuclear issue would be concluded within three to six months.
The BBC correspondent Bridget Kendall reports that the Iranian leader was the initiator of the telephone conversations. The conversation lasted a quarter of an hour.
As the correspondent reports. RIA News" Alexey Bogdanovsky, President of the United States, said: “We understand the challenges ahead. The very fact that this was the first communication between the American and Iranian presidents since 1979 underlines the deep distrust between our countries, but it also indicates the prospect of leaving this difficult story behind. ”
In conclusion, Obama expressed confidence that the parties would be able to reach a comprehensive agreement.
With our “perestroika” speeches, we will add, Rouhani had previously spoken at the UN General Assembly, to which he arrived in New York. The Iranian leader expressed his readiness to immediately discuss the nuclear program and explained to the public that there is no place for weapons of mass destruction in the Islamic Republic.
On September 28, returning from America, Hassan Rouhani at the Mehrabad airport in Tehran was pelted with stones, eggs and shoes. Two suspects were detained. He writes about it "Lenta.ru" with reference to France Press.
More than seventy young conservatives took part in the action against Rouhani, recalls Lenta. It is noted that the president of Iran was also met by several hundred supporters.
The botanical and egg reaction of the conservative public was caused by Rouhani’s telephone conversation with the US president. At the same time, the negotiations were supported by the majority of Iranian media and social movements.
Rouhani’s stated desire to conclude an agreement on the nuclear issue within a short period of time prompted the American administration to think about the upcoming concrete steps by the Iranian leadership.
The US Secretary of State, for example, believes that it is quite possible to reach an agreement with Iran within a few months. True, it all depends on Tehran’s desire to cooperate.
A CBC journalist asked the head of American diplomacy to comment on Rouhani’s words.
“Of course, it is possible,” Kerry quoted Corr. ITAR-TASS Andrei Surzhansky. “It is possible to reach an agreement in a shorter time, depending on whether Iran is ready to cooperate.”
The US foreign minister also noted that if the Iranians follow “concrete steps” to resolve the nuclear issue, then they will certainly expect weakening of the US sanctions. Speaking about this, Kerry said: “The United States will not lift the sanctions until there is a transparent process to be audited and reported, in which we know exactly what Iran is going to do with its (nuclear) program.”
John Kerry explained what Iran should do. According to him, Tehran should open an underground factory in Ford for international inspectors. In addition, Iran could voluntarily abandon uranium enrichment "above a certain level."
It would seem that the case goes to the negotiations, from which we can expect some results. But not so simple: the United States and Iran are only two sides of the process, and there is also a third one - Israel. The Jewish state has already undertaken a demarche at the UN General Assembly in New York. In addition, Netanyahu spoke out against Washington easing the pressure on Tehran.
Even before the meeting with Obama, the Israeli prime minister called the latest statements by the Iranian president about the desire for a political settlement of disagreements with the world community a “smoke screen” covering the military-nuclear program, reports RIA News". Netanyahu promised to “tell the truth” about Iran’s politics: “I’ll tell the truth in the face of sweet speeches and smiles. It is necessary to present the facts. The truth is vital for security and peace throughout the world and, of course, for the security of Israel. ”
The Israeli newspaper "Haaretz" wrote about the main purpose of the prime minister's trip: "Netanyahu is going <...> with an urgent mission. He is determined to throw a tub of cold water on the romance beginning between the West, led by the United States and Iran, led by the sweet-tongued leader Hassan Rouhani. The prime minister is armed with intelligence data proving that even in this new era Iran is behind global terrorist activities. ”
Arriving 30 September to Obama, the Israeli prime minister first of all declared that Iran should completely abandon the “military program to create a nuclear weapons". Dan Robinson writes about this ("Voice of America").
Anticipating the pressure of the Israeli authorities, even before this meeting, the White House was quick to report that it understands the skepticism of the Israeli leadership regarding the statements of the Iranian side.
What Netanyahu and Obama talked about is not reported, but one thing is clear: the Israeli prime minister stood his ground. Obama agreed and adjusted. As a result, Netanyahu thanked Obama for firmly sticking to his position. Truly, the diplomatic language is beautiful.
Reporters heard from Netanyahu what he had said before.
“Iran has set a goal to destroy Israel,” Netanyahu said. “Therefore, for Israel, the only acceptable result of negotiations with Iran is the refusal of that country from its nuclear program.”
As for the sanctions, then, according to the Israeli Prime Minister, they must act until the desired results achieved in the negotiations are confirmed. Sanctions should be tightened, if during the negotiations Iran continues to work within the framework of a nuclear program.
Earlier, Benjamin Netanyahu ordered the Israeli delegation to the UN to leave the hall during a speech by Hassan Rouhani before the General Assembly, reports MIGnews.com.
Calling on diplomats to ignore the Iranian president’s speech, Netanyahu said that the Iranian regime’s policy toward Israel with the new government has not changed.
Commenting on the negotiations with Netanyahu, Obama took a belligerent tone - no, not in relation to Israel, but in relation to Iran. Obama said he did not rule out any action against Iran.
In a certain way, we note, the American president says one thing to Comrade Rouhani, Mr. Netanyahu - another, the general public - the third, which is a mix-compromise between the first and second. It is probably not easy for the White House team to work with such a president.
As the correspondent reports RIA News" Alexei Bogdanovsky, on Monday in Washington, the US President at a meeting with the Israeli Prime Minister said that the US does not rule out any action against Iran in connection with its nuclear program, including military action.
"I am not withdrawing any options from consideration," said Barack Obama. The United States and Israel, he said, are unanimous in the view that Iran should not get nuclear weapons: "We agree that it is necessary that Iran does not possess nuclear weapons."
That is, let us add, Obama could not say anything: he would just give Netanyahu the Washington rostrum.
Read more Obama's speech to reporters after meeting with the Israeli prime minister discussed in the report of the correspondent ITAR-TASS Dmitry Kirsanov.
“Considering the previous statements and actions of the Iranian regime, the threat addressed to Israel, action against Israel, it is quite clear that words alone are not enough. There must be actions that will give the international community confidence that they (Iranians) are fully fulfilling their international obligations, that they are not in a position to acquire nuclear weapons, ”Obama said, further indicating that Iran is committed to negotiations under the influence of sanctions .
According to the American president, "the Iranians seem to be now ready to negotiate" on the nuclear issue only "thanks to extraordinary sanctions."
“We need to make sure whether they really seriously talk about readiness to adhere to the norms of international law, international requirements and resolutions,” Obama said. According to him, the United States soberly assesses the prospects for cooperation with Iran. Negotiations "will not be easy," admitted the president. According to the owner of the Oval Office, Washington will be ready to agree to the easing of sanctions only if it is possible to agree on "the highest verification standards," which will make it possible to conclude that Tehran’s nuclear program does not have a military component.
Obama said about his regional curators: "We will hold close consultations with Israel and our other friends and allies in the region during this process, and our hope is that we can solve this by diplomatic means."
From here, the American leader went straight to the belligerent part of his speech: “I have already said in the past and I repeat that we do not rule out any options for action, including the military, in order to prevent the appearance of nuclear weapons in Iran.”
But the commander of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps 30 of September said that for the resumption of direct dialogue between Iran and the United States, "concrete steps towards meeting with the White House administration" are necessary.
Thus, no matter how the experts comment on the rhetoric of the “perestroika” Rouhani, no matter how apt the Persian conservatives throw their shoes, in fact nothing has changed so far and is unlikely to change in the coming months. The parties are waiting for someone to step first. But no one will step. Tehran will implement the same program, Israel will still draw the “red lines”, and Obama will have to repeat his aggressively empty statements.
Trampling on the spot has been going on for a long time, and Tehran will agree to open a little bit only if the United States lifts at least part of the economic sanctions. But Washington and Tel Aviv have rested and want to be the first to meet Tehran. But there’s a diplomatic deadlock: how can Iran stop the military program, if it’s been not for the first year that it doesn’t exist? On the other hand, how can an oil extracting Iran get rid of sanctions that strangle its economy? It seems that the economy of Iran will soon turn into a self-sufficient, almost autarkic one. As for the bomb, it will also be created - perhaps precisely because Iran is pushing a hostile external environment.
To present Comrade Rouhani in the role of a “perestroika” is extremely difficult. Firstly, the decisive voice is not with him, but with the Ayatollah. Secondly, it is difficult to imagine that the leader of the state would open up the most important state secrets to overseas democratizers and let the western nozzles to the underground nuclear facilities. Thirdly, both Israel and the United States possess nuclear weapons - and they are not the ones to teach other countries peace-loving. In such an environment, Rouhani will find it extremely difficult to find and especially to show those qualities similar to those that Secretary General Gorbachev showed to his people and the world community in the past century.
Observed and commented on Oleg Chuvakin
- especially for topwar.ru
- especially for topwar.ru