Military Review

Panzerfaust 3: Restless Family

18



This RPG was adopted by the German army in the middle of the 80s. last century. However, thanks to numerous modifications, it still remains an effective anti-tank tool capable of solving various combat missions.

In modern combined arms combat, the main striking force is armored forces. Tanks it is planned to use it in a massive manner, which will contribute to the full disclosure of their combat potential. To counter the enemy’s armored armada, the infantry units of any modern army in the world must be saturated with a variety of anti-tank weapons.

The tasks of anti-tank defense are solved by a whole complex of armaments and military equipment that hits enemy tanks at various ranges: from the minimum to the maximum possible. A special role in this system is assigned to hand-held anti-tank grenade launchers. They are equipped with small platoon-type units, which makes these combat groups a dangerous opponent of armored vehicles.

The leading position among foreign countries developing grenade launchers is occupied by German firms - the countries of the ancestor of this type of weapon.

At the end of the 20th century, the development of Dynamit Nobel, the Panzerfaust 3 anti-tank grenade launcher adopted by the German army in 1985, became the most famous. weapons conducted by Dynamit Nobel with 1978

The decision at the state level to create the Bunkerfaust 3 RPG was preceded by a study by German specialists of the possible tasks and goals that the troops should solve with these weapons. The results of the study once again confirmed that the long-term and continuous improvement of combat vehicles and their body armor, as well as the need to use combat units in rapid response operations, place high demands on modern anti-tank weapons. In this regard, the Armed Forces of Germany have developed a TTT for modern infantry wearable anti-tank weapons. New weapons should be multipurpose; ensure the defeat of military equipment of varying degrees of protection (including with dynamic protection, and long-term fire points); Shooting should be carried out both in open areas and from closed premises at moving and stationary targets with a high probability of hitting at 400-600 distances during day and night and in any weather conditions. The sample was supposed to be manufactured on existing industrial equipment, which will ensure the optimal value of the cost-effectiveness parameter; the sample should be easy to operate and have a long storage time in warehouses without checks.

In accordance with these requirements in Germany, Dynamit Nobel created the Panzerfaust 3 anti-tank grenade launcher adopted by the Bundeswehr.

Using the Panzerfaust 3 anti-tank grenade launcher as a base, Dynamit Nobel developed an entire RPG family:
- Panzerfaust 3 (Pzf 3) with 110-mm cumulative grenade DM12A1 - basic sample;
- Panzerfaust ST (Pzf ST) with an 110-mm grenade with a tandem warhead;
- Panzerfaust 3-T 600 (Pzf 3-T 600) with a range of up to 600 m;
- Panzerfaust 3LW (Pzf 3LW) with 90-mm cumulative grenade;
- Panzerfaust 3LW-HESH (Pzf 3LW-HESH);
- Bunkerfavst 3 for the destruction of long-term fire installations;
- Panzerfaust 3 Off-Route Weapon - a remote-controlled anti-tank mine;
- Panzerfaust 3 with caliber training grenades ;.
- Panzerfaust 3 - under-caliber training system for 7,5 mm and 18 mm chucks - training shooting device.

All members of this family have a very high degree of unification of components and parts, which has reduced the cost in the production of weapons and operation in the army.

Pzf 3 grenade launcher shooting


Pzf 3 grenade launcher. Cross section






Panzerfaust 3 (Pzf 3) - basic sample. The Pzf 3 design incorporates the recoilless principle of launching the Davis Gun - using the thrashing of mines, which allows firing from enclosed spaces, while the charge of the jet engine burns completely in the launch tube.

Structurally, the Pzf 3 grenade launcher consists of a starting device comprising a housing, a power supply device (an individual sensor), a rear handle, a shoulder rest and a transport and launch container with a grenade. The container has a docking device for installation on the starting device.

Grenade complex subcaliber with a cumulative warhead, solid-propellant rocket engine and folding feather stabilizers. The warhead is equipped with a gang-feeding fuse and a retractable rod with a fuse contact sensor installed at its end. The rod is advanced to the working position by the operator when firing at heavily armored targets, such as tanks; when shooting at unarmored, lightly armored targets and fortifications, the operator places the boom in a cumulative funnel. The caliber and type of warhead may vary according to the customer.

The Pzf 3 grenade launcher is equipped with a Simrad IS-2000 rifle scope manufactured by Simrad or a KN205F night sight of the same company with image enhancement. The sight allows you to adjust in the process of aiming operator error.

For the grenade launcher Pzf 3 also designed a computerized sight with a laser rangefinder. This sight automatically measures the distance to the target and determines the aiming point. The reaction time — from the moment the target is detected to the shot — is 3-4 seconds. The Pzf 3 grenade launcher with a computerized sight provides the likelihood of 0,9 being hit when firing at a stationary or moving target at a range of 600 m. This sight is mounted on a grenade launcher on standard seating for an optical sight.

Tests by shooting a package of armor plates imitating the armor of the T-72 tank confirmed the high armor penetration of the warhead: when it hit the frontal armor of the turret of the tank, a cumulative jet pierced its back wall.

Grenade Pzf 3 adopted by the armies of Germany, Switzerland, Poland and the Netherlands.

Armor plate pack penetration scheme


Panzerfaust ST (Pzf ST). Alteration of the Pzf 3 grenade launcher in the Pzf ST was caused by the increased armor protection of combat vehicles and the equipping of tanks with dynamic armor. The issue was resolved by Dynamit Nobel specialists using a tandem-shaped cumulative warhead equipped with two independent contact fuses with a specified time delay. When hitting the target, cumulative charges are exploded at an optimal distance from the barrier. A feature of shaped charges is the impossibility of detonating one charge when another is detonated. When hitting the target, the first charge destroys the dynamic protection, and the second pierces the main armor.

Currently, the Panzerfaust ST anti-tank grenade launcher has been adopted by the German army.

Panzerfaust 3-T 600 (Pzf 3-T 600). The Pzf 3-T 600 anti-tank grenade launcher was another modification of the Pzf 3 grenade launcher and ensures the defeat of moving targets at ranges up to 600 m with a probability greater than 0,9.

The principal difference of this model from others is the presence of a computerized sight with a laser range finder. The sight provides measurement of the distance to the target, a certain angle of lead, taking into account the parameters of the wind and the output of ballistic data on the display screen. This sight is mounted on a reusable launcher and can be used with all modifications of the Pzf 3 grenade launcher.

The reaction time Pzf 3-T 600 from the moment the target is detected, captured and fired is 3-4 seconds.

Panzerfaust 3LW (Pzf 3LW). One of the modifications of the Pzf 3 grenade launcher was the Pzf 3LW, developed by the TTT rapid reaction units of the German army.

Compared to the Pzf 3, the Pzf 3LW grenade launcher is equipped with a 90 mm warhead with 500 mm armor penetration, a simpler firing mechanism and a lighter starting container. In addition, changes have been made to the design of the mount of the optical sight. All this has significantly reduced the mass of RPG and its cost.

Panzerfaust 3LW-HESH (Pzf 3LW-HESH). Pzf 3LW-HESH is a rapid reaction force weapon with a high-explosive fragmentation warhead of 90 mm caliber, designed to destroy lightly armored and unarmored vehicles, as well as long-term fire installations.

Grenade Pzf ZT grenade launcher. Constructive scheme


Launch tube with a grenade launcher Pzf 3-T 600 and reusable launcher with a computer sight


Grenade Pzf ZT grenade launcher. Constructive scheme


Pzf 3LW grenade launcher and its launcher


Grenade launcher Pzf 3LW


Grenade launcher Bunkerfaust 3 and its launcher


Grenade for Bunkerfaust 3


Pzf 3LW-HESH, retaining all the advantages of the Pzf 3 grenade launcher, was able to fire from closed positions, thanks to a simple reusable trigger mechanism, a lighter plastic tube and a special optical sight. The weapon is equipped with a high-explosive fragmentation warhead, under the action of which a hole with a diameter greater than 800 mm is formed on the concrete wall.

Grenade launcher adopted by the German Rapid Reaction Special Forces.

Training and training facilities for operators. Experts of the company Dynamit Nobel are convinced that the effective use of Panzerfaust 3 grenade launchers is impossible without the training of operators of these weapons in conditions close to combat.

To meet these requirements, the company has created a training device for 7,5 mm and 18 mm cartridges, which accurately simulates the shooting of this weapon with its accompanying effects. Grenades in inert equipment are also supplied for training in shooting a grenade launcher and reducing the cost of a shot to the army. At the same time, the German army is equipped with various types of simulators and computer systems, allowing to train operators without firing from the sample.

An important design feature of the Panzerfaust 3 was the unification of combat units and their interchangeability. The grenade launcher can be equipped with cumulative warheads caliber 125 mm, 110 mm, 90 mm, high-explosive fragmentation warhead caliber 90 mm, in the caliber of standard warheads - practical, smoke with infrared screening additives, smoke, multipurpose and lighting ammunition. Replacing warheads can be carried out in the field without the use of special tools.

Production of grenade launchers family Pzf 3. Currently, anti-tank grenade launchers of the Pzf 3 family have been adopted by the armies of a number of countries, including the armies of Germany, Switzerland, Poland and the Netherlands. The amount of contracts for the supply of this RPG today is 52,7 million dollars.

The total number of grenade launchers of the Pzf 3 family, which will be released from 1990 to 2013, will be 267768 sets.

In conclusion, it can be stated that the armies of foreign countries are equipped with modern anti-tank defenses of the near-abroad line, Panzerfaust 3, adopted by the German army in 1985, can serve as a typical example.

The main feature of Pzf 3 is the creation by the manufacturer of this project of a whole family of grenade launchers (9 models), each sample of which is designed to solve a wide range of tasks. The weapon is equipped with various warheads caliber 110 mm (regular cumulative and tandem), 90 mm (cumulative or high-explosive), 110mm (to destroy long-term fire facilities). The firing range of the grenade launcher is 600 m, the armor penetration rate is more than 700 mm with the probability of hitting the 0,9 target.

Pzf 3-T 600 grenade launcher shooting


Bunkerfaust 3 I grenade launcher shooting


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  1. roial
    roial 30 September 2013 09: 40
    +4
    A good instance, it was surprising that in the 80s the Germans created a removable launcher with an aiming device, I think the RPG-32 was made on the same principle, although in a simplified version.
    1. OffenroR
      OffenroR 30 September 2013 18: 15
      +4
      Now it will start .... "RPGs are the best" .... "where are the stupid capitalists before us", etc.
  2. Rider
    Rider 30 September 2013 11: 06
    +3
    The design of the Pzf 3 is based on the recoilless principle of launching the Davis Gun - using anti-mine throwing, which allows firing from indoorswhile the charge of the jet engine completely burns out in the launch tube.


    powerful - very, very.
  3. _KM_
    _KM_ 30 September 2013 11: 09
    +3
    Throwing anti-mass is an interesting move by developers.
    1. anomalocaris
      anomalocaris 30 September 2013 17: 54
      -2
      For the first time, this move was realized during WWI. Ours, by the way.
  4. cdrt
    cdrt 30 September 2013 18: 29
    +2
    For the first time, this move was realized during WWI. Ours, by the way.

    Now it will start .... "RPGs are the best" .... "where are the stupid capitalists before us", etc.


    Well ... to some extent already begun laughing
    There, what the whole world knows as a Davis cannon is called our invention ...

    And so ... the inventor of Commander Cleland Davis of the US Navy, invented in 1910.
    Patented in 1920.
    Patent No. 1,395,630. Patented Nov. 1, 1921.
    1. anomalocaris
      anomalocaris 5 October 2013 17: 16
      0
      Quote: cdrt
      Now it will start .... "RPGs are the best" .... "where are the stupid capitalists before us", etc.

      Baby, but you don’t need to be a boor, it’s not beautiful.
      And a counter-mass system is far from German know-how. In late 1914 and early 1915, Colonel of the Russian army Gelvich created and tested a 76 mm recoilless cannon. She had a smooth, deaf barrel weighing 33 kg, was charged from the barrel and shot with buckshot. After the shot, the charge flew towards the target, the barrel in the opposite direction, and then descended by parachute. A little later, he created a 47mm double-barreled gun. One barrel shot towards the enemy, the second towards the rear ...
      In the interwar years, Kondakov was also involved in anti-mass systems.
      And what the whole world knows, let it know. For example, they know that it is very cold in my homeland, I go for life in a sweatshirt and hat with earflaps, drink vodka in buckets and ride a bear. True, when you tell them that my little town, lost in the taiga is only slightly less than Stockholm, they are slightly stewed. But what you don’t know, but right away you start screaming like a victim, is disgusting ...
  5. cdrt
    cdrt 30 September 2013 18: 34
    0
    Of course the RPG is very cool:
    1. Universal starter with replaceable cartridges. 20-25 years before the RPG-32.
    2. The possibility of firing from enclosed spaces - which again is very, very useful.
    3. Dynarange - the bright future of all grenade launchers. I hope something similar will be created within the framework of the topic of the GROK.

    In my opinion, the ideal is lacking very little:
    1. Some kind of minimal tripod
    2. The ability to connect a thermal imaging sight
    3. Launcher cartridges protecting the entire ammunition
    4. The simplest mechanical sights on the cartridge, so that you can use it in the mode of a disposable grenade launcher + the simplest starting device on the cartridge.
    1. lordinicus
      lordinicus 3 October 2013 11: 47
      0
      Quote: cdrt
      In my opinion, the ideal is lacking very little:
      1. Some kind of minimal tripod
      2. The ability to connect a thermal imaging sight
      3. Launcher cartridges protecting the entire ammunition
      4. The simplest mechanical sights on the cartridge, so that you can use it in the mode of a disposable grenade launcher + the simplest starting device on the cartridge.


      1. I read that the tripod was offered but the military refused, the whole point of mobility is lost and this is not adding accuracy - the warriors have tried.
      2. Firms manufacturers of thermal imaging sights offer thermal imagers for this grenade launcher but no one buys them, I think the reason for the cost of the grenade launcher itself is very cheap and it is completely washed away if its cost increases significantly.
      3. The ammunition itself is stored in a round container-tube. Before issuing ammunition to the troops, a grenade is removed. The ammunition itself has very high levels of protection against environmental influences. Can I put the ammunition back into the tube? I don’t know, but I take into account the military specifics, I think the soldiers do not do this - it’s better to get a grenade.
      4. The ammunition itself is also a launch tube. Those. the grenade is in the launch container, but the scope is detachable (see picture). There are mechanical sights, but then the meaning is lost in this grenade launcher - with a mechanical sight beyond 300 meters, the average warrior will not shoot. As far as I know, manufacturers offer three types of sights: mechanical, optical, optical with a ballistic calculator. As for the launcher on the grenade itself - I think the warriors felt that it was not necessary, the ammunition itself was not cheap compared to other grenade launchers, and therefore it is better to shoot it correctly and by all the rules, otherwise you won’t save enough money.
  6. wei
    wei 30 September 2013 19: 29
    -5
    not surprised by the Nazis when they were not backward in this kind of technology
    old school felt in sophisticated confusion
    1. OffenroR
      OffenroR 30 September 2013 19: 54
      +4
      Firstly, not "fascists", but Germans. For the Germans, not before, not after the Nazi regime, atrocities were not observed (your "fascists" fought side by side with our ancestors against Napoleon and crushed his vaunted army) .... What can not be said about those the British and the French ...
      1. wei
        wei 1 October 2013 00: 20
        +3
        I admit my mistake repeat did not want to offend anyone
        I ask fascists read like Germans
        I think it’s not advisable to arrange a srach on national soil
        1. OffenroR
          OffenroR 1 October 2013 01: 30
          +2
          Yes, I do not blame wink .... Fascists can be in any nation ....
      2. cdrt
        cdrt 2 October 2013 18: 41
        0
        Firstly, not "fascists", but Germans. For the Germans, not before, not after the Nazi regime, atrocities were not observed (your "fascists" fought side by side with our ancestors against Napoleon and crushed his vaunted army) .... What can not be said about those the British and the French ...


        Well, in vain you Napoleonic times then ...
        Firstly, the Prussians entered Russia as part of the Great Army and even fought a little.
        The truth is how the Great Army ended - in 1813 they were already at war with us.
        Secondly, the longest fighters with the Napoleonic army were the British under the command of Wellington.
        They fought like a very long time. I’m not talking about the fleet - there are all kinds of Abukirs, Trafalgars.
        Well ... in 1814, our army near the Prussian entered France from the northeast, and the British from the south.
        Something like that.
  7. bublic82009
    bublic82009 1 October 2013 22: 53
    +1
    everything is good, but one thing is bad. This is not a disposable grenade launcher. disposable container barrel there. the rest is a lot of one-time. the warhead is not protected and anything can be with it.
  8. Blondin nikonov
    Blondin nikonov 1 October 2013 23: 18
    +1
    and how much does this instance weigh? I think the cost is also appropriate ....
    1. lordinicus
      lordinicus 3 October 2013 11: 52
      +1
      Instance heavy to madness 13 kg. It’s hard to drag such a hump. Cost is one of the largest in the world, it is even without a sight with a ballistic calculator. Because no one buys it. As far as I’ve heard, the British and the Swedes are doing RPGs with autopilot, so it’s cheaper than panzerfaust 3 !!!
      1. anomalocaris
        anomalocaris 5 October 2013 17: 30
        0
        A large mass of shots is the main disadvantage of anti-mass systems. They do.
  9. samoletil18
    samoletil18 12 October 2013 19: 03
    0
    The total number of grenade launchers of the Pzf 3 family, which will be released from 1990 to 2013, will be 267768 sets.


    Interestingly, how many total units of armored vehicles are in service around the world? And how many anti-tank weapons besides Pzf 3?
    After finding a warrior with this grenade launcher, are the survivors planned?
    1. SkiF_RnD
      SkiF_RnD 20 October 2013 21: 43
      0
      I don’t know how it is about efficiency, and I didn’t see the price either. I saw that it was "cheap". 267768, you say? smile
      Quote "Released over 9 RPG-000" end of quotation smile
      Yes, and the lack of a good and, I do not argue, the necessary computerized sight did not prevent the soldiers from RPG-7 from doing business ...

      "On April 7, 1979, Tanzanian troops shot down a Libyan C-7 transport aircraft over Uganda with a shot from an RPG-130"

      "On September 5, 1979, during the war in Southern Rhodesia, partisans shot down a Rhodesian UH-7 Iroquois helicopter with an RPG-1. The next day, a South African SA.7 Puma helicopter was shot down from an RPG-330, the rocket exploded behind in the pilot's chair and killed 14 Zimbabwe-Rhodesian commandos and South African pilots on board. " Well, and so on. smile All the same, if Africans from RPG-7 fell on low-flying targets, then, probably, you can somehow get into the tank without a super-sight. And shooting at a range of 400-600 meters at tanks from a hand grenade launcher does not seem to me a great idea.
  10. Hauptam
    Hauptam 25 October 2013 20: 04
    +1
    Quote: SkiF_RnD
    I don’t know how it is about efficiency, and I didn’t see the price either. I saw that it was "cheap". 267768, you say? smile
    Quote "Released over 9 RPG-000" end of quotation smile
    Yes, and the lack of a good and, I do not argue, the necessary computerized sight did not prevent the soldiers from RPG-7 from doing business ...

    "On April 7, 1979, Tanzanian troops shot down a Libyan C-7 transport aircraft over Uganda with a shot from an RPG-130"

    "On September 5, 1979, during the war in Southern Rhodesia, partisans shot down a Rhodesian UH-7 Iroquois helicopter with an RPG-1. The next day, a South African SA.7 Puma helicopter was shot down from an RPG-330, the rocket exploded behind in the pilot's chair and killed 14 Zimbabwe-Rhodesian commandos and South African pilots on board. " Well, and so on. smile All the same, if Africans from RPG-7 fell on low-flying targets, then, probably, you can somehow get into the tank without a super-sight. And shooting at a range of 400-600 meters at tanks from a hand grenade launcher does not seem to me a great idea.

    In Afghanistan, shooting from RPG 7 was a national sport (such miracles were performed there by the soldiers of Allah) - and this is with an open mechanical sight.
  11. Sledgehammer
    Sledgehammer 4 February 2014 03: 12
    0
    Excess mass is this counterweight. wink
    It’s easier to equip fighters with disposable crossbow grenade launchers. launch system.
    And so is our RPG-7 in the style of German techno.