Military Review

History in photos. To reach heaven

History in photos. To reach heaven

American gunners of the 1 world

The fruits of the works of rare first-mover enthusiasts are cumbersome, slightly ridiculous designs of slats and canvas — the first
Airplanes did not cause fear of their appearance over the heads of those walking on the ground. Only delight.

The most far-sighted, of course, were aware that the military industry was always ready to take any technical innovation. But even the visionary did not know that in just ten years in the world symphony of death - the Great War - the party of airborne threat would sound loudly. Machine-gun routes, bombs and steel darts will overwhelm her army. And it will be forced to defend. At first, as is usually the case, with improvised means — deploying in the vertical plane the trunks of conventional artillery guns and machine guns, curling the sky with carcasses of balloons and balloons. Combining the same machine guns in pairs or even in quartets.

One of the first anti-aircraft guns

In fact, there were many perspicacious, military engineering minds almost at the dawn of the emergence of the creation of air defense aviation.

For the first time in Russia, shooting at air targets (tied balloons and balloons) was carried out at the end of the 19th century. Almost at the same time, it turned out that in order to successfully combat enemy aircraft, a special anti-aircraft gun was needed. In 1901, military engineer M.F. Rosenberg designed the first 57-mm anti-aircraft gun, but the idea was rejected. Many reputable military experts of the time believed that special anti-aircraft artillery was not needed. In particular, at the lectures at the General Staff Academy it was said: “One cannot agree first of all that in order to combat airborne targets, special guns with large vertical shelling and great mobility are necessary. Is it possible to expect not only modern, but also air targets of the near future to move freely with reliable results of observation of the enemy above 1 versts? ”

The 1910 mobilization schedule of the year also did not provide for equipping the army with special tools to combat air targets. But within a few months after the start of the First World War, it became necessary for the armies of the fighting states to organize air defense of groups of troops and important objects. In Russia, among the top-priority tasks, measures were being developed to prevent the flights of the enemy's aerial vehicles to the then capital of the country, Petrograd, and the emperor's residence in Tsarskoe Selo.

1916 year. The German calculation is ready for the threat from the air and for the gas attack

In November 1914, the Commander-in-Chief of the 6 Army, Adjutant General Konstantin Petrovich Fan-der Fleet announced a special instruction, according to which air defense of Petrograd and its environs was organized for the first time. So in a year we will celebrate the centenary of Russian air defense.

Well, and then, as always ... The faster and more powerful the aircraft became, the more the danger from the air increased, the more perfect the means of protection against it were.

1938 year. The US Army is testing a tank equipped with anti-aircraft gun

1940 year. At the parade in Moscow

1917 year. German Projectors on the Eastern Front

Calculation of Soviet weapons in a hurry to take their places

August 1939 of the year. "Battle for England" is still ahead, but anti-aircraft guns are already in London's Hyde Park

British artilleryman counts the number of Fau missiles fired by his weapon

1941 year. Protection of the Leningrad sky

1944 year. American bomber B-24 shot down over Vienna

Training British Air Defense Officers

Anti-aircraft gunners of the Baltic coastal defense fleet. Vasilievsky island

Soviet partisans use anti-guns to fight air targets

German soldier 2 th world with a portable anti-seam complex
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  1. Dazdranagon
    Dazdranagon 3 September 2013 08: 14
    Photos are very interesting and exciting! Maybe someone will ever know their ancestor ...
    1. Igor39
      Igor39 3 September 2013 08: 37
      Yes, the pictures are cool, history. The German with MANPADS about 44 years.
      1. Stas57
        Stas57 3 September 2013 10: 58
        German with MANPADS 44 year approximately

        I have a suspicion that this is a reenactor.
    2. Uhe
      Uhe 4 September 2013 21: 12
      In the last photo? :))) Just kidding, of course. The Nazi’s posture is very epic :) True, our sailor looks all the same epic - you can immediately see whose took :)
    3. xetai9977
      xetai9977 14 September 2013 13: 20
      The selection of pictures is very interesting. Thanks to the author.
  2. George
    George 3 September 2013 08: 58
    Hello everyone .
    Good photos.
    1. Aryan
      Aryan 3 September 2013 10: 47
      as I understand it, the projectors did two things
      illuminated the attacking planes and blinded their pilots for one thing?
  3. Hort
    Hort 3 September 2013 09: 40
    But what kind of MANPADS were the Germans in the war? Tell me the name?
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 3 September 2013 09: 44
      Strictly speaking, not MANPADS. These were unguided rockets. The name "Lyuftfaust"
      1. Hort
        Hort 3 September 2013 11: 03
        Thanks, found, read.

        What can I say - well done Germans
        1. Aryan
          Aryan 3 September 2013 12: 59
          And the anti-aircraft towers of the Reich?
          1. Vladimirets
            Vladimirets 3 September 2013 13: 15
            "German soldier of the 2nd World War with a portable anti-aircraft complex"

            Did you fight with anti-aircraft guns? smile
          2. viruskvartirus
            viruskvartirus 3 September 2013 17: 28
            They didn’t help.
  4. avt
    avt 3 September 2013 09: 43
    Good selection good but not enough, not enough! laughing
    1. Aryan
      Aryan 3 September 2013 11: 17
      I agree, we will save the article with comments
      on my own I wanted to add that they forgot about the type "Lendleut" eerlikon
      grandfather’s brother fought on it in the Pacific
      judging by his stories he looked like this
    2. The comment was deleted.
  5. pinecone
    pinecone 3 September 2013 09: 44
    Good selection of photos. Thanks to the author.
    Inaccuracy with signature: in the first picture, not a tank, but an armored car.
  6. pinecone
    pinecone 3 September 2013 10: 10
    Calculation of the German 20 mm anti-aircraft gun mod. 1938
    1. Kars
      Kars 3 September 2013 10: 44
    2. Kars
      Kars 3 September 2013 10: 47
    3. Kars
      Kars 3 September 2013 10: 47
      1. Lopatov
        Lopatov 3 September 2013 11: 03
        Wow, the Germans had anti-aircraft defense systems that were unmatched better than ours. Thanks, damn it, to Tukhachevsky.

        As soon as one remembers "voluntarism", I remember him, not Khrushchev.
        1. Aryan
          Aryan 3 September 2013 12: 55
          and from which anti-aircraft gun was spread the T-34 in the book "The Adventures of Werner Holt"?
          1. Lopatov
            Lopatov 3 September 2013 16: 00
            And where did tanks shoot from anti-aircraft guns? As far as I remember, by the time they collided with Soviet tanks, they had nothing to do with anti-aircraft gunners in the book.
          2. neri73-r
            neri73-r 3 September 2013 17: 55
            8,8 cm FlaK 18/36/37 - German anti-aircraft gun, google.
  7. Stas57
    Stas57 3 September 2013 11: 00
    strange selection, leaves a feeling of unfinished
    where is xnumx see flak?

    where is xnumx?
    3,7 cm Flugzeugabwehrkanone 43

    where 10,5 cm FlaK 38 / 39

    is it?
    3,7cm FlaK auf Fgst PzK

    where is it
    and these are only Germans
    20-mm anti-aircraft self-propelled gun (ZSU) "Verbelvind" based on the tank Pz.Kpfw. IV

    where is such a fight option?

    Where are the quadruples?



    shorter than anything review, pulled pictures for pluses,
    1. Stas57
      Stas57 3 September 2013 11: 23
      I will continue.
      Where are the Soviet options

      built 12,7-mm anti-aircraft machine guns DShK

      and "simple"

      and a machine gun "Makim"

      and German MG off the shoulder

      or as

      and such?

      where are all the bofors there?

      Where are the Oerlikons, the storm of stormtroopers and not only all sides?

      Where are the Lewis?
    2. Lopatov
      Lopatov 3 September 2013 11: 24
      Quote: Stas57

      As far as I know, they did not participate in World War II.
      1. Stas57
        Stas57 3 September 2013 11: 47
        did not have time to insert

        Lopatov Adopted in the 44, it means it’s suitable, although yes, there is no data on their use in battles.

        ps, yes, still ersatzenitka F-22

        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 3 September 2013 11: 53
          They decided to hold for a possible second war. It was reasonable
          1. Stas57
            Stas57 3 September 2013 12: 04
            Quote: Spade
            They decided to hold for a possible second war. It was reasonable

            it’s more reasonable to test in real conditions, and apparently they did, just documents apparently did not find / did not look
  8. The comment was deleted.
  9. washi
    washi 3 September 2013 11: 32
    The Germans are great.
    And here Tukhachevsky and Kulik ditched the anti-aircraft artillery. We were engaged in universal tools, although universality, i.e. armament of the Russian army with a "universal" 76,2 cannon with a "universal" shrapnel charge showed its inefficiency even during the Russo-Japanese
  10. Aryan
    Aryan 3 September 2013 12: 18
    we should remember about the famous tippo "Lendlisovsky" eerlikon
    judging by his stories, grandfather’s brother fought in such a Pacific
  11. The comment was deleted.
  12. Aryan
    Aryan 3 September 2013 12: 29
    but in reality the Germans came up with Erlikons in the First World War, and under the Versailles Treaty they moved the production to Switzerland, where the Erlikons have since been doing and are doing
    Interestingly, in World War II, the Swiss sold them to both axis and allies
    and like the Germans even more
    and the mericosa were reselling the USSR at an exorbitant price on Lendlis
  13. Aryan
    Aryan 3 September 2013 12: 32
    here are the erlikons of the Germans
  14. Aryan
    Aryan 3 September 2013 12: 44
    and already in our time Oerlikon GDF-005 will be remembered for centuries as the first uprising of terminator machines
    when she opened fire at her own expense in South Africa and killed 9 and injured 14
    that's it
    if what is wrong - forgive me amateur
  15. Kovrovsky
    Kovrovsky 3 September 2013 15: 04
    Quote: Stas57
    German with MANPADS 44 year approximately

    I have a suspicion that this is a reenactor.

    The SS man’s face is somewhat modern, and the form and equipment look quite authentic.
    1. Stas57
      Stas57 4 September 2013 10: 06
      the form of the reenactors, ideally before the ties of the pants, most often, this is not an indicator.
      The fact is that for many years I have been collecting military photos, and the originals, and my eyes are set on, I can’t explain, but I feel that this is a figure, but the evidence is dumb.
  16. viruskvartirus
    viruskvartirus 3 September 2013 17: 47
    Well, here are a couple of interesting pictures.
  17. viruskvartirus
    viruskvartirus 3 September 2013 17: 48
    And one more I think will be out of place.
  18. gerafak
    gerafak 3 September 2013 21: 57
    Oerlikon, not a bad thing, but bofors is certainly better. True, on ships he most often needed electricity for turns, the airlikon turned manually (in the photo you can see by the way.
    1. Aryan
      Aryan 4 September 2013 09: 50
      grandfather told me that he rested on belts and reclined
      and two twisted it
      as far as I remember from his stories
      and the tape was charged sequentially
      one tracer (incendiary?)
      one fragmentation
      one armor-piercing
  19. Asan Ata
    Asan Ata 3 September 2013 22: 14
    I remember, in the 41st, the Germans went around Moscow from the north, and in our haste we forgot to blow up one bridge over the canal in the Dmitrov area. German tanks without infantry went to the east coast of the canal, where they were thrown at the Moscow militia - Bauman students in black student overcoats in white snow. With rifles on the tanks. The students of all tanks were slashed with machine guns, and the tanks were stopped by an anti-aircraft crew, which began to wet them directly. I don’t remember how much they set fire to the tanks, only the remaining ones retreated, after which the bridge was blown up.
    1. Aryan
      Aryan 4 September 2013 10: 02
      "get through to the tanker"
    2. Stas57
      Stas57 4 September 2013 10: 09
      I have 2 excellent books on this area, but the use of tanks is not noted there, or rather their extremely rare, rare use is noted, and the fact that there were such episodes, yes, is indicated.

      however, what is it said here?
      1. Asan Ata
        Asan Ata 5 September 2013 01: 34
        Knock, knockers, to the tank.
  20. albanech
    albanech 10 September 2013 15: 04
    Glory to the soldiers of Victory and Russian weapons!
  21. albanech
    albanech 10 September 2013 15: 06
    Yes! The Germans are Germans, but do not admire this uncharacter! Praise your grandfathers who brought peace and freedom, where we can breathe freely under the blue sky, and not under the German boot!