Military Review

Laser anti-MANPADS. Opto-electronic suppression system will protect against attacking missiles

25
It is not by chance that laser technologies are priority among the areas of modernization and technological development of the Russian economy. VPC weekly publishes an interview with the general director and chief designer of Ekran Research Institute Vladimir Butuzov, the creator of the unique complex for protecting airplanes and helicopters from air-to-air and ground-to-air guided missiles.


“VPK”: Vladimir Vasilievich, work on weapons and military equipment using laser radiation began almost immediately after the appearance of the first optical quantum generator in the 60s. In fact, the laser has long been called up for military service. It’s not just about exotic radiation weapons, but also about rangefinders and target indicators, homing heads, aerospace and marine navigation equipment, underwater communications, location stations. What niche does the Research Institute “Ekran” occupy?

Laser anti-MANPADS. Opto-electronic suppression system will protect against attacking missiles- Open Joint-Stock Company Ekran Research and Development Institute, founded in 1949, is the leading backbone enterprise in the field of creating multifunctional integrated airborne defense complexes designed to protect aircraft against enemy missiles against guided missiles, widely used modern MANPADS. It is part of the Concern Radio-Electronic Technologies OJSC of the Rostec State Corporation.

The most famous commercial development of our institute is the airborne defense complex (BS) of the President-S aircraft. The BKO includes a laser opto-electronic suppression station (LSEI). So our systems are purely defensive, and can be installed on civil aircraft and helicopters.

MIC: Within the framework of the MAKS-2013 Salon, Ekran Research and Development Institute presents, for the first time, the laser opto-electronic suppression system developed under your leadership — part of the GCE. What are the specifics of the show on the international commercial platform?

- The system is designed to protect light helicopters, including the export version of the Mi-28NE attack machine, from attacks by man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS). At present, MANPADS pose a major threat to aircraft and, above all, to helicopters. MANPADS are in service in almost all countries of the world. All known terrorist groups possess these weapons, as they are readily available on the black market. Thus, thanks to the high mobility, ease of use, maintenance and launch by one person, as well as a unique combination of weight and size characteristics and MANPADS effectiveness - a formidable weapon. According to data published in the world press, over the past 25 years, more than 90 percent of aircraft losses destroyed in the air during military conflicts are associated with the use of guided missiles with infrared (IR) homing heads and, above all, MANPADS. IR countermeasures using traditional methods, such as expendable means (LTC) or conventional incoherent (lamp) elements, have either limited effectiveness or its complete absence against the latest generation MANPADS. Currently, only laser systems of optoelectronic suppression provide reliable and effective counteraction to modern and future threats of MANPADS, while having a lower life cycle cost in comparison with other approaches to IR countermeasures.

"MIC": So, on the current MAKS, the well-known onboard defense complex is shown in more detail - right down to the component parts?

- Indeed, President-S was demonstrated at the MAKS-2011, Farnborough-2012, Paris Aeroshow-2013 aerospace showrooms. This time we have the opportunity to show customers the components of the complex and system solutions. The technologies used in the presented optoelectronic suppression system expand the efficiency of laser suppression systems, improving performance, reliability and efficiency, while at the same time eliminating the traditional flaws of previous versions of such systems associated with installation restrictions, complex and critical adjustment, tuning, maintenance and maintenance. The design of the system, designed in accordance with the requirements of an open architecture, allows it to work both integrated in the airborne defense complex and in an autonomous configuration together with its own missile attack warning system.

"MIC": What are the main performance characteristics and typical carriers?

- Mass of the laser system - 64 kilogram. Composition: solid-state laser, optical-mechanical unit with one transmitting head with an 360 working sector in azimuth, control and power unit. Structurally presented version of the laser system is located inside the fuselage of the helicopter. But the design of the system can be adapted for placement on any types of aircraft as in the version with a single transmitting head and one laser, and in the version with two heads and two lasers.
Author:
Originator:
http://vpk-news.ru/
25 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. AVV
    AVV 28 August 2013 15: 00
    +8
    If we had more such equipment in the troops !!! Yes, and for a citizen it will come in handy, where there are planes, helicopters flying over troubled territories !!!
    1. Yves762
      Yves762 28 August 2013 21: 55
      +4
      And what will prevent the completion of MANPADS, so that they are just at this "searchlight" and additionally aimed.?. what
  2. Russ69
    Russ69 28 August 2013 15: 58
    +1
    - The system is designed to protect light helicopters, including the export version of the Mi-28NE percussion machine,
    With export it is clear. And put on our own thread or what?
    1. Apollo
      Apollo 28 August 2013 16: 03
      11
      quote-Indeed, “President-S” was demonstrated at the MAKS-2011, Farnborough-2012, and Paris Airshow-2013 aerospace salons.

      1. APASUS
        APASUS 28 August 2013 20: 31
        +2
        Quote: Apollon
        It was demonstrated at the MAKS-2011, Farnborough-2012, and Paris Airshow-2013 aerospace showrooms.

        It is necessary to complete all helicopters, but everyone advertises it!
        1. S_mirnov
          S_mirnov 28 August 2013 21: 09
          +4
          Quote: APASUS
          It is necessary to complete all helicopters, but everyone advertises it!

          So there is not enough money, it is necessary to hold an Olympiad, to investigate the issue of "the role of Caucasians in the liberation of besieged Leningrad"!
          Helicopters will wait, we’re not going to fight (I mock of course).
          1. Zlodeey
            Zlodeey 28 August 2013 21: 52
            +1
            On ka-52, too, began to put
        2. Zlodeey
          Zlodeey 28 August 2013 21: 44
          +1
          Quote: APASUS
          It is necessary to complete all helicopters, but everyone advertises it!

          It seems like completing:
  3. Asgard
    Asgard 28 August 2013 16: 14
    +6
    As an engineer, I don’t understand why masers do not develop ..?
    Basov Nikolai built a quantum generator and that’s all, and it seems that he got the Nobel)))
    The same "crap" as a laser, but has no drawbacks ...
    since it does not work in the optical range ...
    has low power dissipation ...
    when some conditions are created, due to interference, it can concentrate much larger Energies at a certain point than those spent on its inclusion ....

    applied this case only in the microwave)))
    Although on the basis of microwaves it’s possible to create an OGO which weapon ...
    But we at the RAS have a commission on pseudo-science, and promising areas are "extinguished" by academicians ... I'm wondering, "scientists" have nothing to do ???
    ..if they are struggling with what is not in nature ????
    or still there))))))
    1. Net
      Net 28 August 2013 17: 49
      0
      Because until now they could not create a solid-state maser.
      http://www.gazeta.ru/science/2012/08/16_a_4728253.shtml
    2. Hunghuz
      Hunghuz 28 August 2013 18: 39
      0
      hi Even before the start of any war in Russia, they plan in advance who should win and who lose the war) several people decide this) V. Kuptsov’s book A strange history of weapons. Deserters of war and peace .......)))
      1. Asgard
        Asgard 28 August 2013 21: 15
        +1
        Quote: Hunghouse
        Book of V. Kuptsov A Strange History of Weapons. Deserters of War and Peace ...

        Thank you, read, downloaded ....


        Quote: Netto
        http://www.gazeta.ru/science/2012/08/16_a_4728253.shtml

        rode last year in a steam train, in a compartment with one academician ...
        including the talk about "maser" and so He says that solid-state is not needed, in gas it is easier to remove heat ...
        but since it will be impossible to resist such a weapon, and "We" (civilization is under supervision))) is problematic to create such a weapon ...
  4. Aleks tv
    Aleks tv 28 August 2013 16: 16
    +4
    These "eggs" would be for all helicopters, not just for the presidential and export.
    There was a rumor that "for export", they didn't even say about their own.
  5. Vtel
    Vtel 28 August 2013 16: 24
    13
    A good laser baton from MANPADS for turntables.
    "This is what the general director of Zenit, Professor Alexander Kobzar, told the RG correspondent:
    - The operation of our complex is based on the narrowly directed and specially modulated radiation of a specially designed sapphire lamp. A phantom image of a target appears in the missile control system, which its electronic "brain" perceives as the main target. A certain transcendental virtual reality appears, which persistently beckons to itself. The rocket rushes into empty space, where it self-destructs at the estimated time. "President-S" not only passed the entire range of state tests, it was put into service and has already been put into serial production. By order of the Commander-in-Chief of the Air Force, Colonel-General Alexander Zelin, not a single new helicopter designed for operation in hot spots can be sent to the troops without an installed active protection system against MANPADS. "
    1. Aleks tv
      Aleks tv 28 August 2013 16: 27
      +7
      Quote: Vtel
      By order of the Commander-in-Chief of the Air Force, Colonel-General Alexander Zelin, not a single new helicopter designed for operation in hot spots can be sent to the troops without an installed active protection system against MANPADS. "

      Well said, thanks for the info, Ros.
      1. Russ69
        Russ69 28 August 2013 17: 37
        +3
        Quote: Aleks tv
        Quote: Vtel
        By order of the Commander-in-Chief of the Air Force, Colonel-General Alexander Zelin, not a single new helicopter designed for operation in hot spots can be sent to the troops without an installed active protection system against MANPADS. "

        Well said, thanks for the info, Ros.


        Here it is, happy ...
    2. NOBODY EXCEPT US
      NOBODY EXCEPT US 28 August 2013 23: 55
      0
      It is said beautifully, we will see how it will be in reality ....
  6. Alexander P
    Alexander P 28 August 2013 16: 46
    0
    MANPADS are in service in almost all countries of the world. All known terrorist groups possess these weapons, as they are readily available on the black market. Thus, thanks to the high mobility, ease of use, maintenance and launch by one person, as well as a unique combination of weight and size characteristics and MANPADS effectiveness - a formidable weapon.

    I wanted to buy MANPADS for flying game, ran through the markets holding "blacks" and did not find anything like that. Can someone tell me the address?
  7. Mercenary
    Mercenary 28 August 2013 16: 49
    +2
    here you are for sale on our head. our fighter wants to destroy the adversary but no. venal laser protects. and again in the old fashioned hats.
  8. mole
    mole 28 August 2013 16: 51
    +1
    In light of recent events, rare, good news. I join Alexei, thanks Ros for the info. There would be more new and good equipment in the troops.
    By the way, can anyone talk about analogues of such a system? As I understand it, the system already has a history. Although it would be more pleasant to hear about the lack of competitors!
  9. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 28 August 2013 17: 03
    +1
    Russia in the field of defensive weapons is ahead of the rest! I am sure that in the near future our Kulibins will create a system against which all these UAVs, robots, high-precision weapons, etc. will turn out to be just blind toys falling like locusts after chemical processing .. (it’s not for nothing that we are not massively building up offensive weapons .. there is no sense ..) this is the idea that came .. good
    1. Russ69
      Russ69 28 August 2013 17: 43
      +1
      Quote: MIKHAN
      I am sure that in the near future our Kulibins will create a system against which all these UAVs, robots, high-precision weapons, etc. turn out to be just blind toys

      They have already completed a new aviation electronic warfare; they want to put it on the Su-30 for testing.
      Today I just read somewhere ...
      Anyway, from MAX, good news comes; This year, the T-50 will begin testing with weapons, a contract is being prepared for tankers based on the IL-476. drinks
  10. rks5317
    rks5317 28 August 2013 17: 07
    +3
    But when will you stop selling military-technological secrets and developments ??? No money - take a ton of American stamped paper from gold and foreign exchange reserves. Named DOLLAR. and which actually costs nothing, and give this paper to Russian manufacturers. who will deliver planes and frigates. tanks and air defense systems to domestic aircraft !!!
    1. Russ69
      Russ69 28 August 2013 17: 47
      +1
      Quote: rks5317
      But when will you stop selling military-technological secrets and developments ??? No money - take a ton of American stamped paper from gold and foreign exchange reserves. Named DOLLAR. and which actually costs nothing, and give this paper to Russian manufacturers. who will deliver planes and frigates. tanks and air defense systems to domestic aircraft !!!

      Export options, usually in stripped down form.
  11. Strashila
    Strashila 28 August 2013 17: 07
    +1
    Any source of radiation is a source of guidance.
    1. avdkrd
      avdkrd 29 August 2013 01: 00
      0
      Quote: Strashila
      Any source of radiation is a source of guidance.

      they don’t use this system as a searchlight, the radiation is turned on only to hit the target (missile). The radiation time is unlikely to be more than a couple of seconds, or even less, all the same, it’s not about the physical destruction of the missile, but about its blinding. In addition, the laser beam is rather narrowly directed and it is possible to detect a non-reflected signal, and the source itself can only be seen when it shines on you .....
  12. darksoul
    darksoul 28 August 2013 17: 33
    +1
    MANPADS, in particular our needles, have two channels, the main and the backup, so the LTC is like a naked hedgehog ... pa .... but this decision of our engineers is very interesting ... I have not heard about it .. if I’m not mistaken on KA- 52 which right now the air force receives a similar system?
  13. Paul
    Paul 28 August 2013 18: 34
    +1
    to the series (and to Syria smile ) urgently soldier
  14. mole
    mole 28 August 2013 18: 56
    0
    By the way, can anyone talk about analogues of such a system? As I understand it, the system already has a history. Although it would be more pleasant to hear about the lack of competitors!

    Who knows!? Comrades, tell me!
  15. 123tank
    123tank 28 August 2013 19: 08
    0
    I don’t understand why “undress” like that? There is nothing more to show?
  16. Nayhas
    Nayhas 28 August 2013 20: 43
    0
    Not so long ago, our boasted that the new TGSN on the R-73 figuratively spits on laser blinding, so this system only against TGSN comes from the 20th century ...
  17. sergey158-29
    sergey158-29 29 August 2013 00: 14
    0
    If the generals set the conditions that without such systems turntables and planes DO NOT BUY, then quickly the system was installed on all newly purchased machines !!!
  18. voliador
    voliador 29 August 2013 01: 45
    0
    It is necessary to further promote and implement high-tech technologies in the field of armaments, so as not to lag behind.
  19. bubla5
    bubla5 29 August 2013 08: 08
    0
    And what prevents to shoot from 2 MANPADS on one helicopter, while the system will deflect one shot, the second will catch up
  20. High speed
    High speed 29 August 2013 16: 46
    0
    Quote: Hunghouse
    Book V.Kuptsova Strange history of weapons. Deserters of war and peace .......)))


    I read the annotation and calmed down about Kuptsov: http://civ.icelord.net/read.php?f=4&i=10632&t=8598&v=f