The processes of global changes in the world associated with the redistribution of influence potentials between the geopolitical centers of power, the development of the global crisis and the beginning of the transition of humanity to a new technological structure against the background of the very uneven development of individual states and their communities led to a significant aggravation of military tensions in the world.
The militarily leading countries of the West, as well as the United States, are forced to to some extent reduce military budgets due to the crisis they are experiencing. Along with this, they are striving to increase the potential of their armed forces by concentrating efforts on the most breakthrough military technical areas. The most active military-technical policy in the field of the development of means of warfare is carried out by the Americans. This allows them to maintain their military-technical superiority practically in relation to all states of the world.
The United States in terms of the development of military technology is generally ahead of all countries of the world by five to ten years. The most important features of the military-technical policy of the Americans, allowing them to achieve and maintain military-technical superiority, are:
Special attention is paid to the achievement of the multifunctionality of weapons and military equipment by giving them opportunities for integrated combat missions.
The achievement of military-technical surprise at the expense of the unexpected appearance of a new type of weapon systems and weapon systems with higher levels of efficiency and implementing new combat methods is of utmost importance.
To achieve superiority and surprise in the military-technical field, the United States attaches paramount importance to creating an extensive scientific and technical reserve, including basic (fundamental and applied) military research, exploratory research and development of promising (critical) technologies.
Such development in modern conditions is accompanied by the appearance of a new combat effect in weapon systems, thanks to which the capabilities of the party with a technological lead are sharply increased even if the opposing side has weapons and military equipment with comparable tactical and technical characteristics.
Of key importance is the preparation of scientific and technical prerequisites for the sudden or advanced creation of qualitatively new weapon systems that radically change the very nature of the armed struggle.
Much attention is paid to the creation of weapons on new physical principles (ONFP), first of all radiation, capable of radically changing the nature of war. Thus, the first in the world laser facility for solving air defense tasks of naval units was adopted by the US Navy.
Actively in the United States conducted research and development of non-lethal weapons. Chemicals, destructive metals and rubber coatings are created, as well as sticky foaming substances that impede the movement of personnel and weapons and military equipment.
Samples of equipment that generate powerful acoustic sound waves of the ultrasonic and infrasonic ranges, which affect the human brain and violate the physiological functions of the body, have been created and tested in hot spots, and tools have been developed to distribute sleep in humans.
To defeat equipment, it is supposed to use electromagnetic pulse generators (EMP), power line closers, chemicals (adhesive, corrosive, sliding, clogging, etc.). For example, spraying with the help of aerosol bombs in areas where military equipment is deployed special chemicals can lead to the failure or shutdown of aircraft engines, tanks and other equipment due to thickening of fuel, loss of lubricants of their properties, destruction of rubber products and other elements.
In the United States, research is being conducted into the possibilities of creating geophysical (effects on geophysical processes) and meteorological (effects on atmospheric processes), psychotronic and other types of weapons. Studies on the effects on the geosphere (ionosphere and magnetosphere), which, according to foreign experts, will affect the conditions for the passage of radio signals, improve the effectiveness of their radio communication systems, radio intelligence, radio navigation, REP and will suppress such means of the opposing side.
The possibilities of artificial climate change in certain regions of the world are also being studied. In the future, on this basis, through the transformation of some climate-forming elements of the atmosphere, the development of climate weapons is possible.
Not remains without attention of American researchers and hydrosphere. A promising way to influence water masses is the use of their acoustic and electromagnetic properties in order to suppress underwater communication systems, lighting conditions, navigation and pointing weapons. Significant military results in this area may appear already in the 20s of the new century.
Among the promising ones should be noted the creation in the USA of technologies of automatic detection, recognition and autonomous targeting of weapons of destruction to given ground, surface and aerospace targets in their image (and other signatures) with an accuracy that provides a direct hit.
Systems are created in the USA that provide superiority in the information struggle. These tools, complexing the achievements of Americans in the field of cybernetics, computer science, communications, methods of collecting, analyzing and processing intelligence information and their high-speed transmission, will allow, while maintaining their command and control system, destroy the enemy’s control system. Such funds are already coming into service of divisions and parts of the information war. According to experts, they will allow disrupting or disrupting the control of troops (forces) and weapons of a potential enemy by suppressing information channels by means of EW, introducing combat viruses, false information into the data channels, overloading information networks with a large amount of conflicting data that mislead the enemy.
Intensive work is being done on the creation of remote deployment systems for combat computer viruses, which, when introduced, for example, through radio channels and laser communication lines between central computers and user terminals, will be able to disable the control systems of troops (forces) at various levels. In the future, it is possible to defeat combat control systems, communications, their computer software and power supplies solely by electronic means instead of firing drums.
Along with improving the security of its information structures, the United States is working to create a unified global information system of the Ministry of Defense, which should automatically and on a real scale solve problems of a strategic, operational and tactical level. With the help of this system, it is supposed in the future to carry out the opening of the plan of enemy operations, reconnaissance of information networks used by it, forces and means.
Thus, on the basis of new scientific and technological backlogs and technologies, global combat information and control systems, fire and electronic destruction systems for all types of armed forces are created, designed to frighten the enemy in peacetime and ensure, if necessary, a quick victory in military conflicts and wars using conventional weapons.