K.V. Sivkov. Actual problems of fundamental and applied science of our time determine the appearance of systems weapons of the future. Solving a number of problems of fundamental and applied science will lead in the coming 20 years to the emergence of qualitatively new types of weapons that can have a significant impact on the nature of warfare.
It is not a secret that it is science that decisively determines the appearance of the weapons systems of the future.
Scientific research aimed at resolving current problems, which seem to be very remotely related to military affairs, may have a significant impact on the appearance of the weapons systems of the world's leading armies and, accordingly, on the nature and content of the armed struggle in the near future.
The mechanism of the influence of fundamental and applied science on the development of armaments, military and special equipment (VVST) generally has two main components - ontological, consisting in the development of the theory and practice of the subject area, and epistemological, philosophical and methodological, which affects the consciousness of the military personnel and their understanding of the essence of warfare. As a result, there are two main areas of influence of science on the development of VVST:
1. The results obtained in solving a scientific problem (fundamental or applied) give impetus to the development of the corresponding basic military technology or some of their groups. Perhaps the emergence of new basic military technology. On this basis, new means of warfare and samples of weapons of military weapons are already emerging.
2. As a result of changes in the minds of military cadres, their new understanding of the content of armed struggle, new methods and methods of armed struggle emerge with the use of existing systems of military equipment, and on this basis new requirements are formulated for promising models of military equipment, which, in particular, can lead to a change in structure basic military technology with the exception of any existing and the emergence of new technologies and systems of the WWST.
Therefore, predicting from the point of view of the development of VVST possible consequences of research on solving problems of fundamental or applied science, one cannot dwell on their ontological aspects - their philosophical and methodological implications for military science and practice must also be considered.
Depending on the nature, fundamental and applied problems of the development of science are distinguished.
Fundamental Scientific Issues value for the development of science in general or for several of its branches. The resolution of such problems leads to significant changes both in the philosophy and methodology of science, and in its ontology, both in its fundamental and applied branches. The resolution of fundamental problems, as a rule, gives rise to new fundamental problems, as well as whole complexes of applied problems, at the same time making some of them that were previously important important irrelevant. In the absolute majority of cases, the resolution of fundamental scientific problems has an impact on the development of basic military technologies through new methods of solving existing or newly emerging applied problems.
Applied science issues they are important only for certain areas of science that are of particular, applied importance. As a rule, their resolution is primarily of ontological importance and has a direct impact on the development of basic military technologies.
In terms of orientation, proceeding from the mechanism of influence of scientific problems on the development of basic military technologies, one should single out philosophical-methodological and ontological problems.
Philosophical and methodological problems stem from the contradictions in the technology of scientific research and are based on inconsistencies between the adopted fundamental views on the approaches and methods of scientific research in this subject area and the new aspects that have manifested themselves in it in practice. The resolution of such problems entails a change in ideas about the essence of scientific research and its technology, including the ideological level, general theoretical, general scientific and applied.
Ontological problems stem from the inconsistency of theoretical ideas about the essence of processes and objects (systems) and the results of practice (experiment), when it becomes necessary to bring the theory into line with practice. A special case of ontological problems is the need to explain previously unknown phenomena.
It is the ontological scientific problems that directly influence the basic military technologies, and philosophical and methodological influence is manifested indirectly - either by solving ontological problems at the new methodological level, or by developing new views on the methods of using troops (forces) and the corresponding new requirements for WWST.
The entire list of existing problems of science, even fundamental, is large enough and cannot be considered in the framework of one article, and there is no need for that. Therefore, I will dwell only on those problems that, in my opinion, are the most interesting and able to have in the future (near, medium or remote) the greatest influence on the development of VVST.
The problem of the unified field theory
The development of a unified field theory can be considered as a fundamental ontological problem that can have a revolutionary impact on the development of VVST in the future.
This problem is likely to be resolved at least at the conceptual level in the long term, and, accordingly, its impact on the development of the VVST will be exerted only in the distant future.
For military affairs, the solution to this problem has a double meaning:
On the one hand, with sufficient prognostic capabilities of such a theory, in addition to the disclosure and mathematical description of all four known interactions (gravitational, electromagnetic, strong and weak), it should be possible to identify new types of matter interactions and experimentally check their existence. This will provide new opportunities for creating qualitatively different weapons systems and military equipment based on the use of these fields and the effects of their mutual influence.
On the other hand, the development of a unified field theory may make it possible to explain a sufficiently large class of phenomena that are united today under the name of "paranormal."
I especially want to decide on these phenomena.
The overwhelming majority of them are an unconfirmed fiction of the near-scientific swindler. However, there is already sufficient statistics of strictly scientifically recorded phenomena of this kind (above all, extrasensory perception and clairvoyance), which does not allow one to simply dismiss them and requires its explanation.
The disclosure of the mechanisms for the occurrence of such phenomena and their formalized description will reveal the qualitatively new possibilities of warfare, primarily in the information sphere, as well as in technologies of mind control.
Most scientists who, at least, do not deny the possibility of such phenomena, agree that they should be based on new types of fields that have not yet been discovered by humanity.
It is quite possible if we consider that humanity entered the 20 century with two types of fields - gravitational and electromagnetic, and it came out with four, when strong and weak interactions were added to these two.
Speaking about the feasibility of research in the field of those phenomena that are today called paranormal, we should not forget that in the 17-18 for centuries, experiments with an electrified ebony stick were often regarded as part of the scientific community as okolonauchnoe shamanism.
In addition, it should be remembered that we still know too little about our world to simply brush off phenomena that do not fit into our current view of the world - let's not forget the fate of genetics, cybernetics and geopolitics.
To date, a unified field theory has not yet been created, and work on its creation is carried out in two main areas, the ideological basis of which was created at the beginning of the 20 century.
The first of the options for developing a unified field theory is based on quantum concepts, when all types of fields are described based on the idea that the main mechanism for the emergence of all these fields is the exchange of special field-forming virtual particles (for example, for an electromagnetic field, they are photons).
In the framework of the Standard Model based on the quantum approach, it was possible to obtain a satisfactory description of the known four field interactions. Detection of the Higgs boson confirmed the correctness of this theory.
However, well describing 4 known fundamental interactions, this theory does not allow to move further - to theoretically predict new possible types of interactions. It is also impossible to find within this theory a satisfactory explanation of a number of effects of the microworld, in particular teleportation of the state of microparticles (although a formal mathematical description of this phenomenon exists within the framework of the Standard Model). That is, this way of developing a unified field theory does not have sufficient prognostic potential.
The second approach is formed on the basis of geometric representations arising from the concept of the formation of the gravitational field of Einstein’s general theory of relativity. Here, attempts to build a unified field theory by introducing additional dimensions of space (the Weyl-Kaluza concept), the curvature of which leads to the emergence of electromagnetic and other fundamental fields, have not yet led to success.
The currently intensively developed superstring theory (related to the geometric approach rather than the quantum approach) should potentially give a deeper description of the phenomena of the microworld and in fact can become a unified field theory. However, the results that could be tested experimentally, the developers of this theory have not yet received.
Thus, so far none of the indicated directions of development of a unified theory of the field of success has been achieved. Therefore, modern physics is looking for signs of other effects that would give impetus to the development of theoretical ideas about the microworld, and is building up the power of experimental facilities (recall, in particular, the Large Hadron Collider).
Another noteworthy theory of torsion fields recognized today is false. I consider it necessary to say about her, as she to some extent finds explanations for the so-called “paranormal” phenomena. Its essence is reduced to the fact that, in addition to the tensor curvature (the curvature of space described by Riemann and Lobachevsky, on which, in fact, Einstein built his general theory of relativity), the spinor curvature is introduced (to put it simply - the torsion curvature). It is on the basis of the interaction of various types of space curvature that the “paranormal” effects associated with the emergence of infinite speeds of information transfer and the influence of the future on the past, manifested in the form of clairvoyance, are found.
Official physics does not deny the very possibility of the existence of the spinor curvature of space - it denies the rigid relationship between the tensor and spinor curvature, which, as a postulate, was introduced into the theory of torsion fields. As a result, the theory of torsion fields predicts a strong effect of these fields on the substance, which is not confirmed by experiments.
Despite the exceptional complexity of the task of building a unified field theory, it must be assumed that in the coming decades 2 it will be created. The key to success are the achievements of modern mathematics and cybernetics. The creation of such a theory will revolutionize military affairs, similar to that resulting from the creation of quantum theory, which eventually led to the creation of atomic and thermonuclear weapons, nuclear energy, as well as the entire spectrum of science and technology advances that form the basis of today's progress microelectronics to microbiology.
As a result, based on the use of other, now unknown to us types of energy, such types of weapons may appear, in comparison with which nuclear weapons will seem just a children's cracker. This will translate humanity into a different era, as nuclear power and quantum electronics once transferred humanity from industrial to post-industrial era.
Geophysics and climate formation
The most interesting and important applied methodological problem that is important for the future development of the VVST is the development of methods to predict the development of geophysical and climate-forming processes under the influence of various destabilizing factors, with such accuracy, reliability and reliability, so that the given nature of geophysical or climatic processes can be formed in given areas of the planet. Today, quite intensive studies are going in this direction, primarily in the USA.
The urgency of this problem for military affairs is due to the fact that today means have already appeared that make it possible to exert a sufficiently powerful influence on the geophysics and climate of the planet almost globally. This is primarily the HAARP (High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program, or the High Frequency Impact Study of the Ionosphere) - a complex of powerful directional microwave energy emitters that can have a significant impact on the Earth’s ionosphere. It forms in it "ionic clouds" - areas in which, due to the concentration of microwave energy in them from several powerful emitters, an area with a plasma arises. The rocket head and the aircraft, hitting such an area or areas adjacent to it, will be disabled up to complete destruction, or at least will be "knocked out of the trajectory", as a result of which the aircraft can go into an uncontrolled fall and crash, and warhead will take away from the goal. That is, HAARP was originally created as a missile defense complex.
However, in the course of its trial operation, it turned out that it could have a great influence on the geophysics of the Earth and cause fluctuations in weather over large regions of the Earth.
The ability of HAARP to influence weather is due to the fact that the state of the ionosphere and troposphere strongly depend on each other. As a result, fluctuations in the ionosphere caused by exposure to HAARP inevitably lead to disruption of weather formation processes, and with long-term exposure to climate-forming processes.
The physics of HAARP's impact on geophysical processes is based on the fact that, from the point of view of electromagnetism, the Earth is a giant spherical capacitor, in which the outer conductive shell is represented by the ionosphere, and the inner conductive core is magma, between which the dielectric is located - with lower electrical conductivity of the lower atmosphere. As a result, sufficiently intense oscillations of the ionosphere can lead to a response in the deep layers of the Earth in the form of oscillations of processes in magma. The consequence of this can be "energy discharges" in the zones of geological tensions at the junctions of geological plates, which manifests itself in the form of earthquakes.
The absence of any effective methods for predicting such consequences makes today the use of HAARP practically unpredictable in its consequences in the field of geophysics and clima formation, which can be catastrophic for the owners of HAARP themselves.
With the advent of methods for fairly accurate prediction of such effects, HAARP will turn into an extremely powerful geophysical and climate weapon. Works in this direction are carried out in two main directions.
First, it is the creation of modeling complexes on the basis of supercomputers, which should allow to simulate weather formation over large areas of the Earth, as well as geophysical processes with the definition of areas where earthquakes can occur.
Secondly, it is the collection of statistical information about these phenomena and its systematization, in quantities sufficient for such phenomena to be predicted on this basis.
The first of the applied ontological problems should highlight the problem of creating living beings with desired properties based on genetic engineering methods. Significant military developments in this area are conducted in the direction of creating pathogenic bacteria and viruses, with a highly differentiated pathogenicity on the basis of race. The challenge is that pathogenic microorganisms are dangerous only to the human body, with some features of genetics and physiology, determined by its race.
Such developments are currently taking place in the United States. As far as is known, the required level of “racial selectivity” has not yet been achieved, however, there are already some successes - previously unknown pathogens have appeared, which are more dangerous for people of some races, and less dangerous for representatives of others. As an example, known atypical pneumonia and avian flu can be cited.
The creation of compact generators of superpowerful radiation of the microwave radio band, the optical and X-ray ranges is the main condition for the use of a whole family of highly efficient radiation weapons for various purposes. Work in this direction today is one of the main directions in the US missile defense program.
The creation of compact generators of super-powerful microwave radiation allows us to develop a whole class of qualitatively new weapons aimed at defeating the electronics of military facilities of various purposes.
The impact of such radiation on various aircraft will lead to their destruction, because today without the normal functioning of electronic systems, none of the components of any modern aircraft (engines, control systems, etc.) can work.
Powerful coherent optical and X-ray generators made it possible to create a laser weapon. His first samples have already been taken by the US Navy. In the future they will be the main armament combat space systems of the future. At the same time, they will be able to hit not only space objects, but also ground-based ones, provided that they successfully solve the problem of conducting high-energy beams of electromagnetic energy of optical and X-ray ranges through the atmosphere.
Heavy Duty Computers
Of great importance for military affairs will be solving the problem of using the effect of teleportation of the state of quantum particles in promising electronic systems, first of all, creating a computer based on this effect.
The essence of this effect, predicted by quantum mechanics, is that if two or more microparticles with pronounced quantum properties were in one system, for example, electrons in an atom, and then it left and diverged in space, then the state of any one of them is instantaneous, with infinite speed, leads to certain changes in the state of other particles from this group.
Today it is believed that the use of this effect will allow you to create relatively small-sized computers that have a gigantic performance in today's view, significantly exceeding even modern supercomputers.
This is due to the fact that one of the main factors limiting the speed of calculations today is the propagation speed of the electromagnetic field (EMF). And when applying the effect of teleportation of the state of quantum particles, this restriction is removed.
The creation of such systems will revolutionize military cybernetics - the rates of information processing in the automated control system will increase by orders of magnitude, increasing the pace of military operations by reducing the management cycle, the quality of decision-making will increase significantly due to the possibility of using more complex models that take into account a larger number of factors the robotic capabilities of the armed forces and, most importantly, there will be a qualitative leap in the level of intelligence, accuracy, reliability, reliability and proliferative weapon control systems and technical means.
An important role in the development of weapons systems will be played by solving the problem of creating technical devices of a nanoscale with the required functionality and ability to reproduce itself.
In this area, the main difficulties arise from the fact that quantum effects have a decisive influence on the formation and behavior of nanoobjects, making these processes probabilistic. In fact, we are talking about creating extremely complex macromolecules that are focused on the performance of specific functions in specific conditions.
Being combined into conglomerates, the sets of such molecules can act as a medium of information storage and processing.
Being in the environment of other molecular and atomic systems, they can act as modifiers of their structure or as destroyers of these structures.
Thus, on the one hand, there is the possibility of creating qualitatively new military materials, and on the other, qualitatively new weapon systems based on suspensions of such nanorobots capable of quickly destroying military targets, weapons, military equipment and enemy manpower.
On this basis, the emergence of suspension-like information processing and storage systems is possible, which will be extremely resistant to various adverse effects due to the very principle of distributed information storage and processing.
Thus, the resolution of a number of problems of fundamental and applied science will lead in the coming 20 years to the emergence of qualitatively new types of weapons that can have a significant impact on the nature of the armed struggle.