Military Review

May 28 - Border Guard Day

History domestic border service begins with the formation of Russian statehood and the determination of its territorial limits. The need to defend their territory from the raids of militant nomadic tribes forced the Russians to build guard posts and fortresses on distant approaches to large cities, which gradually turned into cities. As Russian lands were consolidated around Moscow in the 2 of the 14th century, the first guard detachments and stanitsa began to work to defend against the raids on Russian territory in the southern and south-eastern outskirts of the Moscow principality, which were transformed into cross-border lines and lines.
The first official document regulating the rights and duties of the guards and the procedure for the protection of state boundaries, was the "Code of the stanitsa service" 1571 of the year. Since then, border security has become a separate type of military service. Almost through 200 in years, in 1754, with the increase in the volume of trade with foreign countries in Russia, border customs are created, the staff of which were dragoon regiments scattered around border outposts, as well as customs hired volunteers. In October 1782, a “customs chain and guard” service was established in the country, with the task of directly guarding the borders and carrying out border controls.
In 1827, with the adoption of the “Provision on the arrangement of border customs guards,” the border service was actually subordinated to the foreign trade department of the Ministry of Finance, and was partially separated from this subordination only in 1893. It was then that the Separate Border Guard Corps (OCPS) was formed, whose main tasks were the fight against smuggling and illegal border crossing. With the beginning of the First World War, units of the OCPS finally left the structure of the Ministry of Finance and were reassigned to the military command and joined the armies.
With the collapse of the country in 1918, the OKPS was liquidated, and in March, 1918, again under the People's Commissariat of Finance, which was barely created by the RSFSR, was organized by the General Directorate of Border Guard. In November 1920, the tasks of guarding the borders of the RSFSR were assigned to the Special Department of the Cheka, and with the end of the Civil War in September 1922, they were transferred to the OGPU. Since July 1934, the leadership of the frontier troops has come under the authority of the Main Directorate of Border and Internal Guard of the NKVD. After the war, the border guards were subordinated to the USSR Ministry of State Security, and from 1953, they were transferred to the Ministry of Internal Affairs. The organizational and managerial evolution of the border troops received its logical conclusion in 1957, when the Headquarters of the Border Troops of the KGB of the USSR was formed in the country. After the 1991 catastrophe, the management of the border troops was abolished, and the Committee for the Protection of the State Border was formed instead. In October, the Border Guards 1992 were incorporated into the newly formed Ministry of Security. After a series of new organizational perturbations in December 1994, the Federal Border Service of the Russian Federation was formed, and since 2003 - the structural unit of the FSB of Russia.
The tasks of the border guards include providing comprehensive protection of the state border at sea and on land; anti-smuggling, illegal migration and trafficking organization weapons, drugs, as well as the suppression of the activities of gangs in the border area and much more. To date, the frontiers of Russia guard about 200 thousands of border guards.
According to a good tradition, on the Day of the Border Guard, all those who served in the border troops, put on uniforms and gather in public places, where they celebrate their holiday cheerfully and noisily. On the Day of the Border Guard in cities where the offices of border districts and groups of border troops are located, it is customary to produce festive fireworks.
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  1. Apollo
    Apollo 28 May 2013 08: 24
    With all my heart and heartily I congratulate you veterans and all the servicemen of the border troops on their professional holiday. Good health. Success in service and all the best.
    1. klimpopov
      klimpopov 28 May 2013 08: 50
      I am joining! Happy holiday!
      Apollon and you also have a holiday today, well, your flag? Congratulations!
      1. Apollo
        Apollo 28 May 2013 09: 06
        Quote: klimpopov
        Apollon and you also have a holiday today, well, your flag? Congratulations!

        thanks dear Klim! hi Yes holiday drinks
        1. astra
          astra 28 May 2013 11: 31
          You are a border guard, guardian of the law,
          Be happy while serving.
          So that the work does not know the damage,
          Well, and good luck - did not know "impossible"!
    2. Ghenxnumx
      Ghenxnumx 28 May 2013 12: 28
      Quote: Apollon
      With all my heart and heartily I congratulate you veterans and all the servicemen of the border troops on their professional holiday. Good health. Success in service and all the best.

      All childhood passed on the border in the border town, the border detachment was our bosses and his patronage played an important role in determining the future profession - to defend the HOMELAND. I sincerely join your congratulations.
      Health, success and extraordinary leave to every Defender of our borders!
      1. elmi
        elmi 28 May 2013 12: 43
        I congratulate all the border guards on the day of the border guard 28 in May who served and continues to serve - to protect the borders of our country. I will also accept congratulations to myself since I myself served in the 1994-1996 years at KZakPO, military unit 2156 Novorossiysk, 14 PZ, NKPO. military unit 2094 Nazran MMG-1 Chechen Republic Art. Assinovskaya.
        Maybe there are colleagues? respond
    3. Army1
      Army1 28 May 2013 13: 27
      And today I have a day, at VDNH there are a lot of boys now, they have a normal rest, of different ages, Happy Holidays BORDERS !!!!! drinks
      1. Vladimirets
        Vladimirets 28 May 2013 13: 49
        With the holiday of servants and employees, marines of the border troops, 2 OBrPSKR Vysotsk, KSZPO.
    4. Lord of the Sith
      Lord of the Sith 28 May 2013 13: 55
      Happy holiday border guards!

      Is it possible to make news infographics?
      Clickable Image
    5. Interface
      Interface 28 May 2013 16: 35
      Happy Anniversary! Border is locked tight!
  2. apro
    apro 28 May 2013 08: 26
    Holiday Green caps! Glory to the border guards defenders of our borders!
    1. Alexander Romanov
      Alexander Romanov 28 May 2013 08: 41
      Quote: apro
      Happy New Year green caps!

      People, we don’t forget about dogs, they’re doing the same thing. Each two portion in honor of the holiday soldier
      1. elmir15
        elmir15 28 May 2013 11: 36
        The fate of a difficult service, border guard,
        Resignedly and valiantly bears.
        Military laws are excellent
        He knows. Just the motherland is calling!

        So let the service be easy to walk,
        Making his way back to career skies
        May work always please you
        And there will be a bright life strip!
        1. elmi
          elmi 28 May 2013 11: 45
          All border guards with a holiday! Health and good luck, success always and in everything!
        2. Gari
          Gari 28 May 2013 12: 27
          All border guards with a holiday!

          And especially all who served in the Batumi border detachment

          I wish a clean control track
          1. Gari
            Gari 28 May 2013 22: 00
            And my grandfather was a border guard-Akhaltsky frontier detachment, so from the border and to the front duty
      2. Uncle lee
        Uncle lee 29 May 2013 05: 48
        "And we are not with..ym with Trezorka at the border!
        Not with ..t Tresorka,
        Not with ... and me!

        Green caps with a Holiday!
  3. Ruslan67
    Ruslan67 28 May 2013 08: 26
    All the guys standing, standing and future, to stand guard over the borders of our Motherland Happy Holiday !!!! soldier drinks
    1. Karlsonn
      Karlsonn 28 May 2014 13: 31
      All involved - Happy Holiday! hi drinks

  4. Dima190579
    Dima190579 28 May 2013 08: 26
    HAPPY HOLIDAY! All the best to you. Good health. And so that the border is always locked.
  5. Captain Vrungel
    Captain Vrungel 28 May 2013 08: 26
    Happy Holidays, Green Peaked Cap!
  6. Armata
    Armata 28 May 2013 08: 27
    Happy holiday men. Everyone who serves success. To everyone who served happiness.
  7. waisson
    waisson 28 May 2013 08: 32
    MIKHAN 28 May 2013 08: 33
    Happy holiday Borders !!! Russia hopes for you that do not miss any unreason in Russia !!
    1. baltika-18
      baltika-18 28 May 2013 08: 42
      Quote: Apollon

      Quote: apro

      Quote: Ruslan67

      Quote: Dima190579

      Quote: Captain Vrungel
      Captain Vrungel

      Quote: Mechanic

      Quote: waisson

      Quote: MIKHAN

      Thank you all for your congratulations. I join myself.
      83-85 years. 95th Koenigsberg border detachment, 2 border commandant.
      1. Drednout
        Drednout 28 May 2013 09: 12
        Happy holiday! And the marines of the border troops !!! drinks
      2. ultra
        ultra 28 May 2013 11: 42
        Quote: baltika-18
        .I am joining myself.
        83-85 years. 95th Koenigsberg border detachment, 2 border commandant.

        I join in the congratulations !!! 84-86 years, Red Banner Transcaucasian Border District, Leninakan border detachment, 2pc, 9 outpost! soldier
    2. Arberes
      Arberes 28 May 2013 10: 25
      Quote: MIKHAN
      Russia hopes for you that do not miss any unreason in Russia !!

      Well said! hi From myself I will add poems!

      Border guards-green caps!
      You Powers are the first bastion!

      Remember the world how in Brest you stood
      Holding back the death of the legion !!!

      With all my heart we congratulate you on the holiday!
      HAPPY BORDER! drinks
  9. Grenader
    Grenader 28 May 2013 08: 36
    Happy holiday PV! Special greetings to KZabPO!
  10. omsbon
    omsbon 28 May 2013 08: 37
    Watch Homelands! Happy holiday! Good luck! Happiness! Health! Glory to the border guards!
  11. Black
    Black 28 May 2013 08: 44
    Frontier service was and still remains difficult and full of dangers.
    Guys, light trails for you, keen eyes and God bless you.
    Happy Holidays!
  12. alex67
    alex67 28 May 2013 08: 46
  13. Garrin
    Garrin 28 May 2013 08: 49
    HOLIDAY, MEN !!! PEACE AND Tranquility ABROAD !!!
  14. vlbelugin
    vlbelugin 28 May 2013 08: 55
    Borders with a holiday! You have something to be proud of. Your grandfathers died in 1941. Not a single outpost departed. Not a single one. Even the wives and children of the border guards beat the Nazis !!!!
    You have stood in hot spots in modern history. You are now standing in the path of dishonesty and with your breasts cover Russia. You are the first to meet the enemy and I know you will not back down.
    I bow to you for your hard service, for loyalty and valor.
    Happy holiday !!!!!!!
  15. Balko
    Balko 28 May 2013 09: 00
    All border guards with a celebration and anniversary - the 95th anniversary of the border guards!
    The third toast today is for those who died in battles while defending the Frontiers of the Motherland ...

    32nd Red Banner Novorossiisk Border Detachment.
  16. igor-75
    igor-75 28 May 2013 09: 01
    Well, today it is not a sin to show the series "State Border" on TV, in my opinion the best series about border guards.
    ALPETSEM 28 May 2013 09: 04
    Thank you all very much for the congratulations, to which I join with pleasure. As you know, there are no former border guards, everyone who has served and is serving in these wonderful troops on the Holiday !!!
    I am the green cap of the shore
    On May Day I’ll polish a star on it,
    I’ll be drunk walking, don’t scold me, mother,
    On this holiday, I want to remember the service.
    I’ll be drunk walking, don’t scold me, mother,
    On this holiday, I want to remember the service.
    And she was always harsh
    Let the soldier’s soul sing
    How it burned in fire, how it sank in a tear,
    How silence choked at night.
    How it burned in fire, how it sank in a tear,
    How silence choked at night.
    Pour it full, brother, give me a glass,
    We will drink for us, the greens, for Afghanistan.
    Let this bitterness in wine remind you
    Our life is at the last frontier.
    Let this bitterness in wine remind you
    Our life is at the last frontier.
    I am the green cap of the shore
    On May Day I will polish a star on it.
    Zhalanashkol and Hassan, Tehran and Afghanistan -
    Let the earth there rest in peace to the boys.
    Zhalanashkol and Hassan, Tehran and Afghanistan -
    Let the earth there rest in peace to the boys

    2000-2004. military unit 2094 137 Nazran border detachment 7 PogZ "Guli"
  18. dimon-media
    dimon-media 28 May 2013 09: 05
    Happy holiday, men! Is there anyone from KZakPO Artashat software?
  19. botur
    botur 28 May 2013 09: 08
  20. aszzz888
    aszzz888 28 May 2013 09: 15
    Border guards, veterans of the border troops with the holiday! The daughter and two sons-in-law also have a professional holiday! Health happiness, good promotion!
  21. polly
    polly 28 May 2013 09: 20
    Happy holiday border guards well done!
    1. Grenz
      Grenz 28 May 2013 19: 04
      The border is not just an invisible trait
      And above it a blue sky
      The border is sleeplessly long
      And at dawn, maybe a fight ...
      All border guards and veterans with a HOLIDAY!
      And especially those who served in "FOR": ZAPOLARE, ZABAIKALYE, ZAVKAZKYE, "OVER THE RIVER" !!!!
  22. horoh
    horoh 28 May 2013 09: 28
    Borders with a HOLIDAY !!!!!!
  23. The comment was deleted.
  24. fenix57
    fenix57 28 May 2013 09: 31
    Such a border will be:
  25. olifus
    olifus 28 May 2013 09: 32
    all a happy holiday!
    especially to all who served in 4th Border Detachment!
  26. Mareman Vasilich
    Mareman Vasilich 28 May 2013 09: 35
    The elite is fiery.
    By the way, they didn’t immediately become an elite; the roots, when the border guards began to become overgrown with steel, go far back.
    Namely, in 1938, when in August of this year L.P. Beria was
    Appointed 1st Deputy People's Commissar of Internal Affairs of the USSR. Subsequently, after a fair execution
    N.Ezhova, L.P. Beria becomes the People's Commissar of Internal Affairs. In this post, Beria reformed
    guard troops in the border troops of the NKVD. The term "reform" in those days meant exactly
    the improvement of the reformed, and not like now, destruction. Physical, military, political training
    border guards were conducted under the tight control of the People's Commissar (precisely because of this they became an elite along with
    Marine Corps, Airborne Forces, Navy). Thanks to their highly trained Soviet border guards played a strategic role
    at the very beginning of World War II, from June 22, 1941, showing high resistance
    and combat readiness, in contrast to the army, having the entire total strength in the western direction
    about 100000 people. After all, border guards are not intended for warfare,
    (please do not confuse the concepts of "warfare" and "taking on the first strike")
    at their beginning, regular troops occupy the front line, and border guards are assigned to guard
    rear and communications. But it happened exactly the opposite (hello to the legacy of Tukhachevsky and Trotsky).
    No, this does not call into question the courage and courage of our warriors, who burned like matches
    but fought for their homeland. But everyone knows what happens, even with the courage and courage of soldiers, when not
    control, and combat training is lame. And the preparation and management of the "headquarters-front-army" was lame.
    To be continued.............
  27. Mareman Vasilich
    Mareman Vasilich 28 May 2013 09: 36
    Continuation of the previous message
    That is why subsequently special divisions of the NKVD were created under divisions, corps, armies, and fronts.
    (real information was sent from them to the headquarters), which is why the army actively used border guards
    not for the intended purpose (you understand why). In this, by the way, lies some strained relations between
    NKVD troops and the Army. I. Stalin understood all this. As a result, all this led to the fact that from the border troops and troops
    The NKVD created rifle divisions, which became the guard (the backbone was from the border guards and the NKVD troops)
    Already on June 29, 1941, Order No. 00100 was issued on the formation of 15 divisions from the NKVD personnel.
    For military operations, not barrage. The core of these divisions were 3000 commanders, and 10000 sergeants and privates.
    All 15 divisions, formed as rifle, went to the most difficult sectors of the front.
    243,244,246,247,249,250,251,252,254 and 256th to the Western Front, 265,268,262,257 and 259th to the Northwest.
    They were the backbone to the rescue of the situation at the beginning of the war, and later this practice was
    constant until the army team got stronger. 13th Guards Rifle Division
    Twice Hero of the Soviet Union, General Rodimtsev A.I. was formed on the basis of the Airborne Forces. The military branch itself
    how the Airborne Forces did not play a decisive role due to the lack of study of the methods of application, but as personnel
    paratroopers were strong, due to physical, moral, political and military training. It played a decisive
    the role in Stalingrad, where in the division that entered the battle on September 15, a week of battles remained
    500 people out of more than 10000. Also in the 10th division of the NKVD there are 60 people left,
    and in the 42nd Infantry Brigade 20. Everyone also knows that the representative of the Headquarters in Stalingrad
    was N.S. Khrushchev.
    Now, brothers, judge for yourself why Beria was not liked by the military, why the feat of his troops
    It is silent why the NKVD troops are becoming blackened, and where the legs of modern cinema grow from.
    So the brothers, our border guards and their colleagues, the NKVD troops, and on the approaches to Moscow, showed everyone, both our enemies and how to fight, and in Stalingrad. According to some estimates (as Sergei Kremlyov does in his books, for example), our border guard, a soldier of the NKVD and airborne forces (namely, the personnel, as the type of airborne forces was still not fully understood) cost ten army men, and three Fritz for sure.
    Hugging you all border guard friends.
  28. Prapor Afonya
    Prapor Afonya 28 May 2013 09: 38
    Happy Holidays, Border Guards !!!
  29. baltika-18
    baltika-18 28 May 2013 09: 38
    The only day of the year when I allow myself to drink. drinks
    For you, the border guards.
    1. Armata
      Armata 28 May 2013 12: 49
      Kohl for you and for everyone who protects our cutting edge. Damn you to the very heart of the heroes. Happy birthday guys. drinks Although not my holiday, I threw myself on today.
    2. ixsus
      ixsus 28 May 2013 21: 01
      Great video collection !!!
      Once again Happy Holiday !!!
  30. Hamul
    Hamul 28 May 2013 09: 47
    All border guards Happy holiday !!!!!!!!

    MCH PV power! ;)

    Ballad of PV.
    In one car, in a comfortable compartment
    Soldier rode in uniform
    I went from service to my native land
    I went and thought about how my friends would meet.
    Laughter in the hallway interrupted all thoughts
    The paratrooper in a reception was standing
    "Come on, infantry, let's go ahead
    Can't you see the paratrooper coming in for landing? "
    Silently the soldier looked at him
    And sat a little further away.
    Three guys sat down with noise
    Three happy and noisy friends
    "Do you hear, Seryoga, they sing to us everywhere
    We are going home under the protection of PV "
    The soldier said nothing to them again
    And the second time he was silent
    Kitel’s paratrooper completely unzipped
    And he drew a song to the guitar.
    Sang about the landing, about the mothers
    Sang to them about old and faithful friends

    "Listen, infantry, do you know
    How do the guys in our country serve?
    It’s not for you to stand guard
    Born to crawl, they cannot fly! "

    "Listen, vest, do you know?
    What do we get crosses for in PV?
    You only saw the enemy in the movies
    And I had to meet in person
    He brought the coffins to his parents
    And buried close friends.
    Do you have studies,
    And our guys do not come home.
    Your form seduces everyone
    And our guys are sent to the Caucasus.
    You sometimes have studies
    And they find our guys with knives.
    This knife sticks out on his back,
    Seems to have seen it all in a dream
    And it seems to have had nightmares
    So serve the guys of our country!
    Did you get a vest pierced in the Airborne Forces?
    Did you look through the barrel of a rifle or not? "

    PV-Schnick fell silent, looked at the guys
    He took a cigarette and went out the door.
    The paratrooper removed the guitar soon
    "I'm sorry, brother! I didn't want to dwell in you!
    I didn’t know about your heavy duty
    Will you be my brother? "
    The PV-nod nodded, and held out a strong hand to him!
    1. Normal
      Normal 28 May 2013 12: 58
      Quote: Hamul
      Ballad of PV.

      He served in the Airborne Forces. We believed that the Borders and Marines are our Brothers.
    2. ixsus
      ixsus 29 May 2013 10: 01
      Great ballad !!!
  31. Kovrovsky
    Kovrovsky 28 May 2013 09: 48
    Border guards were always the first to meet the enemy and perish first! Glory and honor to them! Happy holiday! soldier
    1. Egoza
      Egoza 28 May 2013 21: 12
      monument to border guards
      In Kiev, opened a monument to the border guards! Very nice!
  32. gladiatorakz
    gladiatorakz 28 May 2013 09: 48
    Happy holiday to all border guards! I wish you health, success! And the fortress of the Spirit, like the guys in 41.
  33. Mareman Vasilich
    Mareman Vasilich 28 May 2013 09: 52
    And yet, brothers, joy is joy, but it is worth remembering how our border guards went into immortality at 41 and at 42. Eternal memory.
  34. avt
    avt 28 May 2013 09: 53
    Happy Green! Right now I'll go to a friend to congratulate, he, like Sukhov, began on the Amur and finished in near Mardian. laughing
  35. nickname 1 and 2
    nickname 1 and 2 28 May 2013 10: 14
    UVFFFF! Do not break through!

    1964-67gg. Turkmenistan, Kaahka, 12 border guard.

  36. Drappier
    Drappier 28 May 2013 10: 19
    With a holiday men, you are always the first if they climb on us.
  37. Suhov
    Suhov 28 May 2013 10: 25
    Especially rejoiced to the Day of the border guard market workers.
    On this occasion, they even arranged a day off ...
    1. pensioner
      pensioner 28 May 2013 10: 43
      And on the day of the Airborne Forces, they’ll go on vacation altogether ... And before that, they will also take a walk on their days off (Navy’s day). It is a pity on the day of the Artillery they all climb under the roof ... but we have enough other worthy Days. There is enough scope for ...
  38. pensioner
    pensioner 28 May 2013 10: 26
    Memories from childhood. One of the first songs that I learned in my childhood: "Clouds go gloomily on the border. The edge of the harsh silence is enveloped ...". I did not pronounce the letter "R" and it turned out "Kwai, suvovy, guanica". The guests laughed to tears. Happy holiday to all involved!
  39. Standard Oil
    Standard Oil 28 May 2013 10: 33
    I know they’ve already said a hundred times, but I also want to congratulate the border guards on the holiday! We’ll deal with the internal enemy, but what about the external, all hope for you.
    DAEDALUS 28 May 2013 10: 35
    Happy Holidays to you, Borders! drinks
    Quote: Mareman Vasilich
    And yet, brothers, joy is joy, but it is worth remembering how our border guards went into immortality at 41 and at 42. Eternal memory.

    I join you.
  41. leopard
    leopard 28 May 2013 10: 39
    Thank you all and join in the congratulations!
    Autumn 98-00 HF 9785
  42. pinecone
    pinecone 28 May 2013 10: 40
    With the holiday of all border guards. Border troops took part in the assault on Berlin.
    In the evening I will watch one of my favorite films - "Outpost in the mountains". At least take my soul a little, remember the time when the borders of our Motherland were sacred and inviolable.
    1. Mareman Vasilich
      Mareman Vasilich 28 May 2013 10: 47
      Ohhhh. This film is power, I would call it eternal.
  43. Chicot 1
    Chicot 1 28 May 2013 10: 42
    For your holiday, border guards !!! drinks drinks drinks
  44. Egoza
    Egoza 28 May 2013 10: 44
    "Border guards don't die, they just go on a distant patrol"
    But there, beyond the border, they continue to carry out their service! Because they are BORDERS!
    Glory and eternal memory to those who are no longer with us!
    Sincere congratulations and best wishes to the veterans of the border, and to those who serve now!
    HOLIDAY !!!!
    1. baltika-18
      baltika-18 28 May 2013 15: 32
      Quote: Egoza
      Border guards do not die, they just go to a long watch

      Lovely Elena! love love love
      From the evergreens. soldier
  45. lilit.193
    lilit.193 28 May 2013 10: 48
    HAPPY FOR YOU, GUYS IN GREEN Caps !!! love love love
    1. Arberes
      Arberes 28 May 2013 12: 21
      Quote: lilit.193

      Wonderful women are logic-beautiful.
      We love YOU, but what else to say?

      Flowers, of course, not bad
      But still it is better to treat with beer!

      drinks drinks drinks

      This is a jokethink nothing bad! And this is for you men from us! love love love
      1. lilit.193
        lilit.193 28 May 2013 14: 11
        Quote: Arberes
        But still it is better to treat with beer!

        With pleasure!!!
        drinks drinks drinks
        The main thing is to health! smile

        Quote: Arberes
        And this is for you men from us! love love love

        Thank you! smile And from me here is such a postcard with verses. smile
  46. Gazai
    Gazai 28 May 2013 10: 56
    Happy Green !!!!!!
  47. fisherman
    fisherman 28 May 2013 10: 59
    Happy Holidays !!!!!!!!!!!!
  48. Andrew 121
    Andrew 121 28 May 2013 11: 22
    Guys on the occasion of YOU!
  49. a.hamster55
    a.hamster55 28 May 2013 11: 25
    Good luck, good health and good mood to all border guards! Especially for the guys who served in the Kara-Kalinsky software.
    Have you missed the "sunny" days? I could calculate you only by the glittering optics.
  50. in reserve
    in reserve 28 May 2013 11: 25
    All the holiday! BORDER IS LOCKED TIGHT! soldier
    1. The comment was deleted.