Military Review

And for the landing, and for special forces

33
Numerous mud-bears have shown that formations using partisan tactics and organization are best able to fight against partisans.


In addition, in itself, the dominance of the restlessness over the classical wars contributed to the "relief" of the Armed Forces, i.e. priority of mobility compared to firepower and security.

This circumstance led to a sharp increase in the popularity of amphibious and special formations in the composition of almost all the least capable armies of the world.

And for the landing, and for special forces

The mercenaries also worked in Angola, but they did not bring peace to her.


Numerous mud-bears have shown that formations using partisan tactics and organization are best able to fight against partisans.

In addition, in itself, the dominance of the restlessness over the classical wars contributed to the "relief" of the Armed Forces, i.e. priority of mobility compared to firepower and security.

This circumstance led to a sharp increase in the popularity of amphibious and special formations in the composition of almost all the least capable armies of the world. Moreover, for some small countries it is easier to create a small elite unit than a large regular army, well trained in all components.

Finally, special forces, due to their compactness, high level of training and the absence of heavy equipment, can conduct secret military operations in peacetime. Moreover, now PMCs, which were discussed in the article “The Triumph of Mercenaries”, can sometimes act as a “roof” for special forces.


British Landing Forces


Amphibious troops (sea and air) have a slightly lower level of combat training than special forces, they are practically not used for secret operations. However, they are very well suited for the increasingly popular limited expeditionary operations and all the same oatmeal.

They can fight against partisan formations in their style, while using the support of aviation and artillery, which provides them with a noticeable advantage. Therefore, the share of such troops is growing rapidly almost everywhere. Moreover, of course, in different countries the ratio between the various components of such forces is very different.

So, in Israel there is one of the best special forces in the world with very small airborne forces and the complete absence of marines. Austria also has very strong special forces, although there are no troop units at all.

In the Philippines and in a number of Latin American countries (for example, in Brazil or Mexico), the marines are almost as good as ground forces (often not provided with landing craft).


Command of Special Forces of the United States Marine Corps


In the United States, the PRC and the Russian Federation, there are huge "landing armies" (in the USA and the PRC, the Marines dominate, in Russia - the Airborne Forces) and very strong special forces in all components of the armed forces.

For example, in the United States there are airborne and airborne assault divisions in the ground forces, 4 divisions of the marine corps (including one reserve) in the Navy and the Special Operations Command, which unites special forces of all types of armed forces (ground forces, air forces, navy, marines) .

The number of personnel only CSR reaches almost 50 thous. (including reservists and civilian personnel). There are 99 C-130 aircraft of various modifications (EC-130, MC-130, AC-130) and a significant number of special craft.


Airborne Troops of Russia


The Russian Armed Forces have 2 airborne and air assault divisions, 3 airborne assault brigades, 7 special forces brigades, 4 brigade marines.

At the same time, if in the USA both the airborne units and special forces were repeatedly tested in wars of all types, in Russia the airborne forces and special forces were used almost exclusively in numerous rebellions, however, acquiring very significant combat experience.

True, units of the Airborne Forces formed the basis of the grouping of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation during the classical war against Georgia in August 2008, demonstrating complete superiority over the Georgian army. In general, it was these troops that turned out to be the best tool for conducting tough contact wars.


Special operations forces of the ground forces of the PLA


In China, the airborne troops are included in the Air Force. Today they consist of a single 15 airborne corps. It is deployed in the territory of the Beijing Military District and includes three airborne divisions (43-I, 44-I, 45-I). The division consists of four regiments (three paratroopers and one artillery).

The total number of Airborne Troops is from 24 to 30 thousand. Each Airborne Troops soldier, from the corps commander to the specialists of the support and rear units, is obliged to parachute from several types of aircraft to different terrain.

The weak side of the Airborne Forces is a small number of airborne transport aircraft and helicopters, which significantly limits the operational capabilities of the troops.

This situation is intended to change the adoption of the Russian IL-76 and, most importantly, its own Y-20 (this is the first heavy transport aircraft created in China). The marine corps of the PLA Navy today has a population of approximately 10 thousand people. It includes two brigades, both subordinate to the South the fleet. Marines serve as the garrison of the Paracel Islands, which China captured from Vietnam in the early 70s.

At the same time, the ground forces have their own marines, much more powerful than the Navy. Two amphibious mechanized divisions are deployed in the Nanking Military District, the only amphibious tank brigade and the only commando brigade of special forces. The total number of these compounds is 25 thousand people.

In view of the Marine Corps, China has the second-largest contingent of marines in the world after the United States. There is very little information about Chinese special forces, only that it is developing extremely actively. The number of personnel of the special forces with the three largest armies adequately compete with the DPRK - about 90 thousand people.

There is such a unique type of connections, as a brigade of snipers, of which there are 10. There are also 3 airborne brigades and 9 brigades "just special forces". The opposing DPRK Republic of Korea has "only" 7 airborne brigades, which, however, are complemented by two divisions and one marine brigade.


The new Corps of the Armed Forces of India will be the fourth shock corps and the only one capable of conducting offensive operations in the highlands


The special forces of India and Pakistan are smaller in size than in the five countries described, but well prepared.

In particular, they have to conduct real combat operations among themselves on the heaviest in the climatic plan of the world in the world - the Siachen Glacier, at an altitude of more than 6 thousand meters above sea level.

Strange as it may seem, there are almost no “usual” landing forces, neither sea nor air.



Jeep M151A2 with ATGM "TOW" for the actions of the Israeli special forces


Israel, as mentioned above, doesn’t have them either, but there are various special units with the highest level of training (just recall the operation in Entebbe).

They are constantly fighting in peacetime, and all over the world, destroying the leaders of various Islamic groups. During the war, special forces can act as "superpowers."

Thus, during the war in Lebanon in the summer of 1982, the Syrians suffered most of the tank losses not from Israeli tanks and aircraft, but from the actions of the Israeli special forces in jeeps with the TOW anti-tank missile system.


Syrian Special Forces fighters



Fighter special forces of the Iranian army


Very significant special forces have countries opposing Israel. Syria has 1 special forces division, Iran has an airborne division, special forces division, airborne and 2 airborne assault brigades in the ground forces, 1 special forces division and 1 airborne brigade in CAIRO.

In other Arab countries, as a rule, such troops include no more than 1 brigades. However, they have a much higher level of training than all the other components of the armed forces of these countries.


Special Forces of Qatar is ready to reflect all contradictions


The most striking example is Qatar Special Forces, which, formally, includes the 1 company. However, it was he who made the decisive contribution to the fall of Tripoli in August 2011.

However, according to some sources, Qatari special forces - this is, in fact, PMCs, which are mercenaries from Western countries.


Separate special forces units in South Africa actively fought against militant groups FAPLA and SWAPO


A number of ASEAN countries should also be noted. Thailand has 2 special forces division and 1 Marine Corps division. Vietnam - 1 airborne brigade, at least 1 Marine Divisions. Philippines - 2 Marine Brigade. Indonesia - Command of Special Forces of the Ground Forces (5 thousand people) and up to 20 thousand people. in the marines. Malaysia - 1 Special Forces Brigade and Airborne Forces.

As for Tropical Africa, more or less decent special forces from the time of the war have only South Africa and Angola. In Latin America, paradoxically, the “airborne special forces bias” in the Armed Forces is, rather, a sign of the archaic, traditional orientation of the armies towards fighting partisans.

The most Europeanized Armed Forces of this part of the world, the Chilean ones, have only 1 special forces brigade. At the same time, the huge number of personnel, while having very little equipment (and, mostly, extremely obsolete), the armed forces of Brazil, Peru, Colombia, and Mexico consist mainly of various divisions and special forces brigades for operations in the jungle and from the marines almost without landing ships.

In Europe, as was stated in the article “Helicopters without alternatives”, an organizational merger of helicopter and amphibious units into unified structures occurs and the share of such units in the Armed Forces grows (not due to the additional formation of such units, but due to the reduction of the rest). The article "Between the ferry and attack aircraft" referred to an increase in the number of landing craft in the European Navy while reducing the number of combat ships.


German special forces unit


Germany has the largest special forces in Europe: the 1 airborne division and the 1 special operations division. They include a total of 1 air-mechanized and 2 airborne brigades, as well as 3 helicopter regiments.

Behind her comes Turkey with 4 special forces brigades and the 1 Marine Regiment. The United Kingdom has a Joint Helicopter Command, which includes all helicopter units and subunits, as well as the 16-I Air Assault Brigade, and the Marine Corps Command, equivalent to two brigades.

France and Italy have an 1 brigade of the Airborne Forces and special forces and a Marine Corps 1. Greece has 2 Marine Brigade and 1 Airborne. Poland has 2 airborne brigade. Spain has an 1 airborne brigade and a 1 marine brigade. Bulgaria has a special forces 1 brigade. Special forces of other European countries do not deserve mention.

It is possible that in the foreseeable future, the Armed Forces of many European, African and Latin American countries will become a kind of synthesis of assault forces, special forces and PMCs. In Asia, these components will also receive considerable attention, but only as one of the elements of the “big” aircraft.
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33 comments
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  1. bask
    bask 23 May 2013 08: 04 New
    16
    And in Russia, GRU special forces are constantly cutting, go-oty.
    Along with the Airborne Forces and Marines, the most combat-ready units of the Russian army.
    Their armament would be modern, equipment.
    And any amerovsky and ,, bestial ,,,, special forces ,, will tear to shreds !!!
    1. Denis_SF
      Denis_SF 23 May 2013 09: 32 New
      11
      About the GRU (one of the most combat-ready units) - this is thanks to Mr. Taburetkin. But in Russia Special Forces Forces appeared, the number is certainly small so far, but the fact itself is important
    2. Vovka levka
      Vovka levka 23 May 2013 21: 18 New
      0
      Quote: bask

      And any amerovsky and ,, bestial ,,,, special forces ,, will tear to shreds !!!

      Your words, to God’s ears. Confidence is of course a good thing, but ....
      Article, a mixture of a bulldog with a rhino.
      1. self-propelled
        self-propelled 23 May 2013 22: 16 New
        +1
        be that as it may, but with the Russian Special Forces are reckoned all over the world. it's really POWER! the main thing is that all sorts of “Paper Boobies” do not stick their nose into the affairs of REALLY UNABLE DIVISIONS! and that the funds were not spared on the preparation and support of such units. and these guys (Special Forces) will do much more for the Homeland.
        1. Vovka levka
          Vovka levka 23 May 2013 22: 23 New
          -1
          You need to reckon with any person with a gun. Otherwise, no one argues.
  2. valokordin
    valokordin 23 May 2013 10: 14 New
    13
    Quote: Denis_SF
    Denis_SF (1) RU Today, 09:32 ↑ New

    About the GRU (one of the most combat-ready units) - this is thanks to Mr. Taburetkin. But in Russia Special Forces Forces appeared, the number is certainly small so far, but the fact itself is important

    Taburetkin has nothing to do with it, the liquidation of the GRU special forces is the order of the government at the head ... as well as the landing of Kvachkov and Khabarov, links of one chain. The anti-democratic mood was strong in the GRU, and this is retribution and reprisal.
    1. Soldier
      Soldier 23 May 2013 10: 57 New
      11
      Back in 2009, when 67 brSPn was disbanded, which is not a stranger to me, we, a group of staff officers of the then Siberian Military District who did not care, sent a message to the president and prime minister about the inadmissibility of such actions, and in writing they accused Serdyukov in wrecking and undermining the country's defense capability ..... The answer came ... True, through several persons. The meaning was this - who shrug their shoulder straps, they did not dare to punish more seriously, there were a lot of sympathizers (in a good sense of the word) .Something like this...
      1. bracket
        bracket 23 May 2013 11: 54 New
        +4
        it was the revenge of the "Czechs" ... they could not do anything on the battlefield with the Berd Brigade, so they, through the "right people" in the Russian leadership, managed to disband one of the most combat-ready units ...
    2. jumpmaster
      jumpmaster 23 May 2013 13: 31 New
      +3
      In general, the specific collapse of the Special Forces of the GRU of the USSR Armed Forces began almost immediately after Afghanistan, but then there was a will to resist, and it was not so simple, but with the advent of Boris Yeltsin speed began to increase. Moreover, at that time the Special Forces of the Internal Forces very much lobbied, convincing Boris N. Yeltsin To reduce as much as possible GRU units to 2 brigades. (Like the Cold War is over, it is not particularly needed, but there have been many clashes on ethnic grounds and the Special Forces of the Ministry of Internal Affairs are much more adapted to these tasks). We need to ask the guys "krapovikov" whose initiative was then to hand Yeltsin Krapovy takes! I know that many of the Special Forces of the Ministry of Internal Affairs were categorically against it, but damn the politics. And the units of the airborne forces and the children's artillery battalion generally drove along the baseboard, then in 1992 - 95 the boys came to the demobilization from the airborne forces with 1-2 jumps, I am silent about jumping from the AN-2 and helicopters. (I know the guys who did not jump never at all). And about landing with the IL-76 in general from the category of fairy tales, about the night jumps many have not heard!
    3. self-propelled
      self-propelled 23 May 2013 22: 19 New
      +2
      Quote: valokordin
      The GRU had strong anti-democratic sentiments, and this is reckoning and reprisal

      just in the government zabz ... delhi! because they understood - these guys can do a lot. the only thing they could not was to betray the Homeland.
  3. omsbon
    omsbon 23 May 2013 10: 15 New
    +6
    Come on for you, come on for us.
    And for the landing, and for the special forces,
    For battle orders
    Let's pick it up, old man.

    Glory to our special forces, no one can compare with him!
    1. Hleb
      Hleb 23 May 2013 10: 55 New
      +4
      I would change a little

      Come on for you, come on for us.
      And for the landing, and for the special forces,
      For battle orders
      Let's pick it up, old man.
      Let's get up, country.
      1. self-propelled
        self-propelled 23 May 2013 22: 21 New
        +1
        Quote: Gleb
        Let's get up, country.

        and Russia will rise! sure.
  4. Prapor Afonya
    Prapor Afonya 23 May 2013 10: 15 New
    +3
    Quote: Denis_SF
    About the GRU (one of the most combat-ready units) - this is thanks to Mr. Taburetkin. But in Russia Special Forces Forces appeared, the number is certainly small so far, but the fact itself is important

    But the MTR, in essence, is the same GRU special forces. A very good plan for the formation and operation of MTR units is described by the GRU special forces in reserve Kozlov, in the book: GRU Special Forces.
  5. Dima190579
    Dima190579 23 May 2013 10: 17 New
    +4
    GRU + Airborne = AWESOME POWER
    1. agrindler
      agrindler 4 June 2013 17: 27 New
      0
      You can’t but agree! Good tandem!
  6. AK-74-1
    AK-74-1 23 May 2013 10: 27 New
    +4
    Actually the article is woven from contradictions. There is a confrontation in the sphere of the so-called neo-collocation policy. This is one moment and the second moment is the development of the national liberation movement, including with third-party sponsorship.
    It should be noted that the specifics of the development of the RF Armed Forces cannot be one-sided and is associated with the development of special forces. It is necessary to develop all the components of the armed forces, then on the basis of various forces and means it will be possible to form an interspecific grouping on the basis of special forces and quick response units, reinforced by heavy artillery, tanks, transport, army and front-line aviation.
    This is due to the fact that in non-colonial wars, both the "government" forces (for example, Mali) and the "rebels" (Syria, Libya) are opposed by the colonization troops, and units that obviously lose to the colonialists oppose them (with the exception of Syria) , a vivid example of Libya.
    1. cdrt
      cdrt 23 May 2013 18: 25 New
      +1
      Here is an interesting logic.
      In Mali, the rebels seem to be related to al-Qaeda. The fighters against them are the colonialists.
      In Syria, the rebels seem to be related to al-Qaeda. Fighters with them are fighters for the good of the Syrian people.
      Logic to match American / European wink
      Only they have everything on the contrary - in Mali - evil Islamists, in Syria white doves, though cannibalswink
  7. il grand casino
    il grand casino 23 May 2013 10: 40 New
    +2
    Eeee ... and the Syrian special forces soldier in the photo, with a hunting shotgun, or didn’t I consider something?
    1. Ulysses
      Ulysses 23 May 2013 11: 09 New
      +4
      Disguised as a "peaceful hunter." laughing
      The Yuarovsky Special Forces with AKMS are pleasing to the eye.
      And what kind of weapons from the "Star Wars" among the Indians ??? belay
      1. builder
        builder 23 May 2013 11: 28 New
        +4
        Tavor Israeli production
        1. il grand casino
          il grand casino 23 May 2013 12: 40 New
          +2
          By the way, a German officer (from a conversation with him) spoke very flatteringly about this unit. It is interesting to hear the opinions of those who were holding
        2. Aaron Zawi
          Aaron Zawi 23 May 2013 22: 07 New
          +2
          Quote: stroitel
          Tavor Israeli production
          young people like it, but I, as an old conservative, preferred M-4 or GALIL ACE (22 models).
      2. The comment was deleted.
  8. Suvorov000
    Suvorov000 23 May 2013 13: 06 New
    +3
    It is strange that the French did not mention the Legion, the guys there are not childish, they are always ready to bang someone if France orders
    1. aksakal
      aksakal 23 May 2013 20: 22 New
      +1
      Quote: Suvorov000
      It is strange that the French did not mention the Legion, the guys there are not childish, they are always ready to bang someone if France orders

      - There are suspicions that it was they who struck the Limited contingent of Soviet troops in Afghanistan, when the contingent suffered the largest one-time losses in this country - 87 people. So this legion is your debtor, Russians. Or do you owe them? Never mind. Take advantage of the opportunity, just do not "because the French, not Allahakbar, are a civilian people!". Debt good turn deserves another.
      1. Suvorov000
        Suvorov000 24 May 2013 13: 28 New
        0
        In the legion they know how to fight and those who think that they are a bunch of inept mercenaries, they punish them with their professionalism brutally
  9. jumpmaster
    jumpmaster 23 May 2013 13: 16 New
    +5
    Article minus! A set of photographs that does not meet this topic, but I am silent about the information content of the text, just a set of clippings from texts, only three words - "special forces", "Airborne Forces", "DSB". No specifics, everything is generalized by the word special forces strongly. Not a word about the units of the "light infantry" (the same South Africa, Rodeztya and the countries of the Arabian Peninsula, some countries of Latin America.) To the heap and the Marine Corps. Everyone has completely different tasks, arming the strength and so on. In general, blah blah blah ....
    1. cdrt
      cdrt 23 May 2013 18: 27 New
      +1
      Articles in newspapers, and Khramchikhin writes there, are ALWAYS written for the sake of royalties.
      If there is nothing to say on the merits, a bunch of materials are selected and a sort of article is formed.
      For good topics are born irregularly, but I want to eat every day wink
  10. cobalt
    cobalt 23 May 2013 13: 52 New
    +7
    The photo about South African special forces depicts Cuban special forces. Here is their chevron nearby.
    1. jumpmaster
      jumpmaster 23 May 2013 14: 53 New
      +1
      Here I am about the same thing, the author of the article is a little off topic !?
  11. cobalt
    cobalt 23 May 2013 14: 06 New
    +2
    I found a short video about South African special forces
  12. Egor.nic
    Egor.nic 23 May 2013 16: 14 New
    +1
    The article is weak, the author is young. He doesn’t know much, he misunderstands something.
    1. cdrt
      cdrt 23 May 2013 18: 29 New
      +2
      Khramchikhin seems not to have been a boy for a long time. Just blinded from what was the little thing wink
  13. Volozhanin
    Volozhanin 23 May 2013 19: 49 New
    +1
    People, what are you? This is Khramchikhin, a well-known near-war EXPERD and ANALiteg. I’m finally surprised that his articles appear on this site. As they say, sapienti sat.
    1. aksakal
      aksakal 23 May 2013 20: 28 New
      +1
      Quote: Volozhanin
      This is Khramchikhin, the famous near-war exPERD

      accidentally confused with Rastopshin? Here is that one EXPERD!
  14. rumpeljschtizhen
    rumpeljschtizhen 23 May 2013 23: 31 New
    +1
    when I did not fit into these topics ...................
    but I will express myself
    mercenary matter of psychology they were and will be
    and don't care their division municipal money persuasion
    it's soldiers. worthy of respect.
  15. kadet54
    kadet54 24 May 2013 00: 21 New
    +2
    Now a lot of "special forces" of various departments have divorced. Each has its own orientation, priorities, preparation .... But I consider it to be a real special forces in the sense in which it is necessary to understand this - it is Vympel and the GRU Special Forces of the Soviet era.
    1. The comment was deleted.
  16. Matt eversmann
    Matt eversmann 1 June 2013 20: 00 New
    0
    Indeed, there are a lot of special forces now. Each power department considers it necessary to have its own detachment. The question arises - why? For example, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Federal Drug Control Service and the Federal Penitentiary Service, in principle, can get by with the police SOBR and riot police, because the class of tasks that the special forces of these departments solve is the same. Also, the use of one unit will allow for a better personnel policy. What is called the special forces of the Ministry of Emergencies cannot be called that way, because they are not involved in the classic tasks that the special forces solve. As for whether special forces of the SK are needed, one can argue. If you look in fact, then no. Thus, it is enough: army special forces (Special Forces of the GRU), special forces of internal troops (Vityaz), FSB special forces (Alpha, Vympel) and police special forces (OMON and SOBR).