Military Review

Win a victory and not lose it.

21
In the minds of people, the war ended on May 9, 1945, with the capture of Berlin. Just because it is so right, it should be so: they seized the capital, removed the enemy rulers who had survived the battles from power, and ... here it is, the world. Alas, it does not always happen.


The Battle for Berlin

Historiography, movies, memories of veterans taught us to think that the battle for Berlin was the final chord of the war. To the capital of the Third Reich, our soldiers burst from Moscow and Stalingrad, hoping to "finish off the beast in its lair." And on January 31, the Belarusian 1 troops captured a bridgehead on the western bank of the Oder in the Vistula-Oder strategic operation near the town of Kustrin. To Berlin remained only 60 kilometers. It would seem that one breakthrough, one, albeit the most difficult, battle, and the end of the war ... But by this time our troops had already exhausted, having completed about three weeks of fighting about 500 kilometers. Losses had an impact, the supply bases fell behind, and a German assault force was looming from the north, preparing to deliver a flank attack. And the attack on the German capital was postponed for two and a half months.

16 April The Berlin offensive began, and after five days, the first Soviet soldiers entered Berlin. But the fierce fighting for the city, where about a million German soldiers were concentrated, and the houses, streets, canals turned into fortifications, continued until the morning of May 2. It was 2 of May that the Berlin garrison capitulated, only a small part of the Nazis tried to escape from the city, but was destroyed or scattered.

In Berlin, a peaceful life was already getting better, but the German troops, despite the news of Hitler's suicide and the capitulation of the capital, continued to resist fiercely. And not just to the west of Berlin.

War after Victory

Even the Surrender Act did not stop fighting. The commander of the Army Group "Center" Ferdinand Schörner, executing the order of Hitler, given them a few days before suicide, decided to turn Prague into a "second Berlin", gathering about a million soldiers under his command. Schörner refused to believe in the capture of Berlin by the Red Army and the death of the Fuhrer, ordering the execution of everyone who would spread this information.

On May 5, an anti-German uprising broke out in the capital of Czechoslovakia, which was supported by one of the divisions of the ROA, General Vlasov. But since the leaders of the uprising could not guarantee the Vlasovites the status of allies, the betrayers twice betrayed them for the third time, leaving the rebels, who were doomed to defeat by the Nazis. Only a day and a half later, on May 9, Soviet forces broke into Prague Tankswho rescued the rebellious population. However, the battles with Schörner’s troops continued until May 14, until their remnants were defeated or left for the American zone of occupation.

Already after May 9, battles continued on the Puzliger-Nerung spit at the mouth of the Vistula, whose defense by the Poles in 1939 was the first heroic page of the Second World War. 11 May ended the defeat of the Courland boiler in Latvia. Only by May 15 had the destruction of the remnants of Army Group Center in Central Europe ended.

There could be no peace in Europe

The situation in March-April 1945, when the Red Army was only 60 kilometers from Berlin, was very disturbing to England. Such a successful Soviet offensive threatened the British plans for the postwar world order, in which London relegated to itself the dominant position in Europe. Despite the fact that the overwhelming majority of German troops fought on the Eastern Front, rendering the Anglo-French-American troops not the strongest resistance, the Allies did not move as fast as they wanted on the shores of Albion. And, although the borders of the occupation of Germany were approved in Yalta, the British were eager to be the first to enter Berlin, which would have diminished the role of the USSR in victory and, conversely, elevated their role.
The recently declassified English archives opened the most unattractive page of the activities of the English of those days. In April, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill ordered 1945 to develop a plan of operation that would “impose the will of the United States and the British Empire on Russians”. The operation was called "Unthinkable." It must be said, the name that most accurately describes the idea of ​​the British.

British planners, no less, planned on 1 July 1945, an Anglo-American-German military strike on the Soviet troops. The 47 of the British and American divisions, with the support of the German divisions 10-12, which were carefully preserved and armed by the British, without a declaration of war should have struck the positions of the Red Army. “They are elated ... They think the war is over. And the real war is just beginning, ”wrote Kennan, an adviser to the American embassy in Moscow, on May 9 in his diary.

The war was really planned serious. It was planned to overturn the Soviet troops who had relaxed after the Victory in northern Germany and to drive them to Poland by September. After this, the Poles, Hungarians, as well as other states that until recently were allies of Germany were to join the fighting. Using the overwhelming advantage in aviation, had to turn into massive ruins, like Dresden, the most important Soviet centers: Leningrad, Moscow, Murmansk. The British’s multiple advantage at sea guaranteed the security of the supply lines, and the deterioration of Soviet equipment (as the planners thought) ensured an early victory in the war, which was planned to end on the Arkhangelsk-Stalingrad line.

The date of the attack was not accidental. Back in Yalta, Stalin announced that the USSR would go to war with Japan 8 in August 1945, and already in June, our forces were moving from Germany to the Far East. But The Unthinkable was blown away by the unforeseen: at the end of June, Marshal Zhukov unexpectedly regrouped the Soviet troops stationed in Germany, thereby confusing the British with all the cards. The power of the Soviet technology that stormed Berlin, the “random” volley from the Katyusha on the positions of the allies on the eve of the end of the war gave rise to doubts about the success of the operation in the hearts of many allied generals. Strongly against the attack on the USSR, supported by the new American president Harry Truman, were the American military, who feared excessive losses in the war with Japan without Soviet support. As a result, the treacherous attack plan was sent to a secret repository, from which only a few years ago it migrated into the open access of the British State Archives.

Chronological disputes? No worldview

The German Command signed the surrender on the night of May 7 in Reims. In this case, the Act was to enter into force in 23: 01 8 May. But the Soviet general Ivan Susloparov, who put his signature under him, acted at his own peril and risk. Immediately after that, Susloparov received a telegram from Moscow with a categorical prohibition to sign the Act. But the matter was already done, and the Soviet government immediately contacted the allies, protesting against the signing of the document, not by the top leadership of the German armed forces, but by secondary figures. The Allies considered the arguments of the USSR convincing and agreed to re-ceremony the next day, but in a more representative composition and with slight changes in the text.

8 May in 22: 43 Central European Time in the suburbs of Berlin, the commanders of the German armed forces signed the Act of the unconditional surrender of Germany - in the presence of representatives of the command force of the anti-Hitler coalition. The start date of the Act has not changed, so the surrender announced on the German radio the day before began almost immediately after the document was signed. Due to the time difference (in Moscow at the time of signing it was already 00: 43 9 in May) the end date of the war in the former USSR, Europe and the USA is considered differently. We have - 9 May, in the West - 8 May.

Immediately after receiving the news of the signing of the Act of unconditional surrender, on the same night, the Soviet government issued a decree on the celebration of 9 Victory Day as first peaceful day after World War II. Only a year later, a similar holiday appeared in other states. Naturally, with the date of the celebration of 8 May. In England, France and the USA, it is called Victory Day in Europe. And on May 9, Western Europe celebrates Europe Day. But it is dedicated to a completely different event: it was on this day in 1950 that French Foreign Minister Robert Schumann proposed the creation of a European coal and steel union, from which the European Union would later grow ...

The Ukrainian opposition, committed to hide the sin, to the influence of the ideology of the OUN (Bandera), today agitates the population of Ukraine to abandon the festivities on Victory Day and dedicate mourning for the dead to 9 in May. Like, the whole of Europe is doing this, forgetting about the victory over fascism. But it cannot be called anything other than lying, because in November 2004, the United Nations adopted Resolution No. A / RES / 59 / 26 - “Celebration the sixtieth anniversary of the end of the second world war. " In it, states, organizations and individuals are invited, in addition to celebrating its Victory and Liberation Days, annually also celebrate one or both of these days (8 and May 9), as a tribute to all the victims of the Second World War. So, since 2007 in London, along with commemoration of war victims, the magnificent Victory Day celebration with the participation of the royal family and veterans is held annually.

Calls for refusal to celebrate Victory Day are not as harmless as it may seem. By this step, the opposition denies Ukraine’s succession as a member of the anti-Hitler coalition and declares itself the heirs of Hitler’s allies, for whom our Victory Day is their day of defeat, which can only be celebrated with grief.

Well, let them grieve: they have something to grieve. And we will celebrate the anniversary of the first peaceful day after the most terrible war, be proud of our ancestors-winners and remember those who brought Our Victory closer, but did not live to see it.
Author:
Originator:
http://polemika.com.ua/article-116679.html
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  1. esaul
    esaul 10 May 2013 06: 22 New
    21
    By the way they celebrated the anniversary of the May 9 Victory and by the childish enthusiastic faces that they had to see during the salute, there is a belief that there is someone to convey the victory to and that we won’t miss it. Plus article - great.
    1. T-100
      T-100 10 May 2013 16: 03 New
      +8
      But the “Unthinkable” broke unforeseen: at the end of June, Marshal Zhukov unexpectedly regrouped the Soviet troops located in Germany, which confused the British with all the maps.

      It is even foreseen. Foreign intelligence reported to Stalin about the impending conspiracy of the allies against the USSR, so all the military units were immediately relocated. The whole front, like a pack of cards, is simply not stirred, even if by order of Zhukov.
      1. washi
        washi 10 May 2013 20: 52 New
        -5
        Zhukov was engaged in looting. Like many other warlords. Stalin prevented the death of our fighters.
        1. dmitrich
          dmitrich 11 May 2013 06: 48 New
          0
          You yourself are the goat face of Vasya.
    2. YARY
      YARY 10 May 2013 18: 25 New
      +6
      I didn’t recognize anything new. It’s simple and clear. And it’s been known for a long time.
      Our enemy is ALL Camarilla as three hundred years ago.

      PySy
      Maybe if it had begun, it would not have been this Camarilla, and history went in the other direction. But the grandfathers were so convincing that the fucked "allies" had gone to waste.
  2. aszzz888
    aszzz888 10 May 2013 06: 48 New
    +9
    For whom then did our fathers, grandfathers, great-grandfathers perish? They paid too much for the Victory to give it to anyone.
    1. Vladimirets
      Vladimirets 10 May 2013 15: 25 New
      11
      Quote: aszzz888
      For whom then did our fathers, grandfathers, great-grandfathers perish?

      For us, they died, but apparently unfinished rotten genes sat out in someone, all the rotten seed did not die. Well, scum like OUN and can not rejoice at the day when their initiators crushed.
      1. DeerIvanovich
        DeerIvanovich 10 May 2013 15: 47 New
        +7
        so in the war forward and honest people go, and the rest in the opposite direction, and even run.
  3. nikolas 83
    nikolas 83 10 May 2013 15: 39 New
    10
    Yes, you think about it and understand that Russia has no allies and did not have it, if after the war England and the United States wanted to strike at the Soviet Union.
    1. DeerIvanovich
      DeerIvanovich 10 May 2013 15: 55 New
      +4
      why not ...
      and the authorities in the West have a betrayal of blood ...
    2. papas-57
      papas-57 10 May 2013 22: 04 New
      +4
      As he said, I don’t remember who `` Russia has two allies - its Army and Navy ''
  4. erased
    erased 10 May 2013 15: 52 New
    11
    Stalin never believed the United States and England, but played with them on the same side, because it was necessary. Both the executioner and the corn-maker Khrushchev did not believe the States, and even more so Brezhnev. The policy of the late USSR, even broken by a partocratic core, was still sane and did not go under the dictation of the United States. And only our pluralist and democrat Gorbachev (hell be eternal to him!) Broke. Then he surrendered all the people, the whole country to the enemies.
    Now his policy continues, although there is some dissociation from the Tolerasts and the political gays of Europe and America. Let's see what happens next.
    1. valokordin
      valokordin 10 May 2013 17: 49 New
      +7
      Quote: erased
      country to enemies.
      Now his policy continues, although there is some dissociation from the Tolerasts and the political gays of Europe and America. Let's see what happens next.

      I agree, let's see, but while Serdyuk, Ryzhiy, Medvedev are not sitting, there are not so many hopes.
  5. Gamal
    Gamal 10 May 2013 16: 03 New
    10
    We won and this is the main thing. And it depends only on ourselves that the memory of this does not fade from the consciousness of our people, what the west and their fifth column in the person of Svanidze, Posner, Germans and the like, who are trying to steal this Victory from us by hook or by crook, are trying to do it. We will not give them such a “happy” opportunity and we will always remember the feat of our grandfathers. Well, men, for the Victory!
  6. Black
    Black 10 May 2013 16: 12 New
    12
    Quote: erased
    Stalin never believed the USA and England, but played with them on the same side, because it was necessary

    Stalin, with all the mixed opinions about him and his time, was a GREAT statesman, a subtle and wise player in the foreign policy confrontation with the West. How could he believe them? Believe- hypostasis of near or bought.
  7. omsbon
    omsbon 10 May 2013 17: 24 New
    +5
    We celebrated, are celebrating and will celebrate our VICTORY DAY for a long time to come. and no Tolerasts, let alone those from the OUN, are not a decree for us.
    1. Egoza
      10 May 2013 21: 26 New
      +4
      Quote: omsbon
      and no Tolerasts, let alone those from the OUN, are not a decree for us.

      Like, sorry, all sorts of presidents! hi

      "President Viktor Yanukovych calls on people who evaluate the events of the Great Patriotic War from different perspectives to conduct a calm dialogue and try to understand each other.
      "We must seek inner peace and tranquility in the dialogue between Ukrainians and descendants of Ukrainians, who were divided by war into warring camps. Each side should try to understand a different position. Understand that you need to be together, live in one country, build a common future ", - the head of state noted at the solemn meeting on the occasion of the 68th anniversary of the victory in the Second World War, the presidential press service reports.
      Yanukovych He expressed confidence that Nazi and Soviet totalitarianism had receded into the past forever and "will never return." "Democracy, freedom and justice, spirituality, life and the potential of each individual - these are our common values ​​of the national movement forward," he stressed.
      According to the president, one of the main lessons of the war is that the strength of the Ukrainian people is in its unity. “Our state has come a long way. And today we can say that we have preserved the united and diverse Ukraine, restored its statehood and laid the foundation for its future among developed European nations,” Yanukovych believes.
      http://obozrevatel.com/politics/38405-yanukovich-storonyi-sobyitij-vov-dolzhnyi-
      ponyat-drug-druga.htm
      XXXX
      And this is on Victory Day !!!! am Ugh on every line of this rech! am
  8. vladsolo56
    vladsolo56 10 May 2013 17: 24 New
    +6
    Earlier in the USSR, the Victory Day was solemn, and yet it was perceived as just a tradition. This of course was my subjective perception. And only this year I realized that they want to take away the Victory from us, the war is not over, it has subsided, and now every new year flares up again. Someone really wants to rewrite history, someone really wants to make us out of winners, losers. Someone is eager to take Russia away from us, to turn us into a third-rate herd of slaves. So I'm sure that they get what the hell. And we won’t give back our victory won by our grandfathers and fathers, and we won’t be slaves to anyone, even top-notch ones.
    1. washi
      washi 10 May 2013 21: 10 New
      +2
      At last. At least someone understood something. And what did your friends, relatives, and children understand? Who can explain to them HOW they worked and served for future victory? How could not isolate ALL traitors, but went too far with the planted? How to explain that the whole intelligentsia is messed up by denunciations? All for the sake of darlings.
  9. valokordin
    valokordin 10 May 2013 17: 53 New
    +2
    Quote: vladsolo56
    The war is not over, it has subsided, and now with every new year flames up again. Someone really wants to rewrite history, someone really wants to make us out of winners, losers. Someone is eager to take Russia away from us, to turn us into a third-rate herd of slaves. So I'm sure that they get what the hell. And we won’t give back our victory won by our grandfathers and fathers, and we won’t be slaves to anyone, even top-notch ones.

    While we are alive, we will not give back our Victory. So, for our Victory, Kvachkov, Khabarov and their associates were imprisoned.
  10. valokordin
    valokordin 10 May 2013 17: 53 New
    0
    Quote: vladsolo56
    The war is not over, it has subsided, and now with every new year flames up again. Someone really wants to rewrite history, someone really wants to make us out of winners, losers. Someone is eager to take Russia away from us, to turn us into a third-rate herd of slaves. So I'm sure that they get what the hell. And we won’t give back our victory won by our grandfathers and fathers, and we won’t be slaves to anyone, even top-notch ones.

    While we are alive, we will not give back our Victory. So, for our Victory, Kvachkov, Khabarov and their associates were imprisoned.
  11. Renat
    Renat 10 May 2013 18: 38 New
    +2
    The fact that the "allies" were going to attack the USSR has been known for a long time. There was a version that one of the reasons for non-aggression against the Union was the fear of guerrilla warfare in the occupied territories. It was very helpful to demonstrate the IS-3 tanks at the parade in Berlin, at that time the best heavy tanks. Although the country was destroyed, the Soviet Army at that moment was very strong, with 4 years of combat experience.
    1. aleshka
      aleshka 10 May 2013 19: 04 New
      +3
      I’m more than sure that if the operation “THE IMPOSSIBLE” would have begun then, the Soviet Army would have been enough for half a year to mark up this gang, which it cannot fight without toilet paper. They also understood this, therefore they were blown away !!!
      1. v53993
        v53993 10 May 2013 20: 54 New
        +2
        if the operation "THE IMPOSSIBLE" would begin then, the Soviet Army would be enough for six months to mark this gang

        I agree and the paintings of our soldiers would be not only on the Reichstag, but also on the Big Ben.
      2. washi
        washi 10 May 2013 21: 19 New
        +3
        Quote: Alesha
        I’m more than sure that if the operation “THE IMPOSSIBLE” would have begun then, the Soviet Army would have been enough for half a year to mark up this gang, which it cannot fight without toilet paper. They also understood this, therefore they were blown away !!!

        We could take Europe, but Naglia is on an island. I would have to organize interaction with former Nazis. And again lose your people. And Stalin of the Russian people coast, in contrast to the Trotskyists-Khrushchev.
    2. Egoza
      10 May 2013 21: 33 New
      +1
      Quote: Renat
      There was a version that one of the reasons for the non-aggression of the Union was the fear of guerrilla warfare in the occupied territories

      The voiced number of victims of the Second World War played a role. Now we say - the numbers were very low. So then it is. But this was done intentionally, because knowing the pre-war population, taking away the number of official victims, it was possible to calculate how many people the country could put under arms for a new war. “And the USSR is so mysterious! Suddenly there are still whole divisions in Siberia hidden in the forests!” fellow Those. our "allies" did not have confidence that the country had exhausted all its human resources.
      1. AntonR7
        AntonR7 11 May 2013 00: 11 New
        0
        27 - 28 million. I think not such an understated figure
      2. AntonR7
        AntonR7 11 May 2013 00: 19 New
        0
        and if you count with civilians then 43.3 million
        source - the book "100 Great Wars" I think the losses are very high and the allies were afraid not of supposedly low losses, but of an army hardened in 4-year battles and powerful production resources, and the population was still enough
  12. bubla5
    bubla5 10 May 2013 21: 34 New
    +3
    The Anglo-Saxons, as they were the Judean nation themselves, have remained, only now they are crushing the anti-Russian - the general concept of Russians - our education or we can firmly consider bureaucrats and oligarchophrenes not our children
  13. Vladomir
    Vladomir 10 May 2013 21: 58 New
    +5
    As a result of the Great Victory, Stalin, the USSR, as the winner, captured half of Europe, pushing the borders of Russia to Berlin, and created a huge buffer from the next Anglo-Saxon invasion. And only the traitor and Judah Gorbachev capitulated to the West, making the Western Military District again frontline.
    1. washi
      washi 10 May 2013 22: 14 New
      -3
      Where did you read? In fact, all the countries of Europe should be neutral, a united Germany. But nobody really knew how to turn out. Although we wanted
  14. individual
    individual 10 May 2013 22: 11 New
    +2
    Quote:
    "The power of Soviet technology that stormed Berlin, the" random "salvo from Katyush on the positions of the allies on the eve of the end of the war raised doubts about the success of the operation in the hearts of many allied generals. Strongly against the attack on the USSR."

    So, no more and no less our sworn friends tried to change the story. Then the will and firmness of the Soviet leadership did not allow them.
    Now, with the toothlessness of Russian diplomacy and the support of politicians and political scientists home-grown and educated on Western values, they are falsified.
    “There is no cross on them,” our ancestors would say. And they were right.
    1. vadson
      vadson 11 May 2013 00: 46 New
      -1
      there is no faith in atheists, all our leadership has been brought up by the Communist Party
      1. vladsolo56
        vladsolo56 11 May 2013 05: 32 New
        +1
        You know how many Communists repainted today as Democrats, so atheists repainted as believers. So whoever does this, he was never a communist, or an atheist, or a believer. If I am an atheist, I’m not going to pretend to be believers for the sake of fashion. It is not necessary to look at who is praying, but what kind of person is in fact. Enough and believing villains, and decent atheists.
  15. Bort radist
    Bort radist 11 May 2013 06: 43 New
    +3
    Good day to all! May 9 could not "break through" to the site everything was "hanging". On the one hand it’s a shame, on the other hand the site was overloaded with visits, which confirms - "Nobody is forgotten, nothing is forgotten!" Of course, it’s far from the absolute, but we have a detachment of schoolchildren every summer going to search for unburied soldiers, they find relatives. We will not give up our Victory.