Military Review

Azerbaijani woman pilot covered the plane carrying Stalin himself

23
Azerbaijani woman pilot covered the plane carrying Stalin himselfBaku of the 30s ... A parachute tower rises on Baku Boulevard, always surrounded by a crowd watching parachute jumps. The Baku Worker installed a tower in a favorite resting place of the townspeople. Since then, there have always been many young people. I must say that in Baku of the 30s, not only guys, but also girls were keen on flying business. The future heroes of the Great Patriotic War once began their journey into the sky with this tower, trying themselves for fearlessness and courage. Among them was the future first pilot of Azerbaijan, major aviation Leyla Mammadbekova, and the only combat pilot-Azerbaijani woman during the war, aviation captain Zuleikha Seidmamedova.


The first pilot of the East

Leyla Mamedbekova will fall a wonderful fate to become a legend during her lifetime, the first Muslim pilot in the whole East. She will prepare a whole galaxy of Azerbaijan pilots, many of whom will be active participants in the Great Patriotic War.

According to the stories of the pilot's son, Khanlar, after graduating from the flight school in Moscow, Leila returned to Baku. But here she faced a problem: they did not give her an airplane and offered a job as a librarian. Then she went to Mirdjafar Bagirov, the then first secretary of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan. And only after the intervention of Bagirov, on the second day, she got access to the plane.

The fate of the first Muslim pilots Leyla Mamedbekova in 30-s was made a feature film. It was the film “Ismet”, in which she took part as a stuntman, a performer of stunts in the sky. See it in the film can only be in the first and last frames of the feature film.

When the war began, Leila had four minor children, the last one was just born. Despite this, Leila decided to create his own group of combat pilots. The military enlistment office, however, despite its insistence, does not let the pilot go to the front. Women with babies were not supposed to be taken to the front. But Leyla Mamedbekova still manages to get permission to open training courses for paratroopers and paratroopers. During the war years, she prepared hundreds of paratroopers and about 4 thousands of paratroopers to throw into the rear of the enemy. Two of them, Adil Guliyev and Nikolai Sheverdyaev, subsequently became Heroes of the Soviet Union.

While Leila Mamedbekova was still alive, poems and films were devoted, including at the Azerbaijantelefilm studio and the Lider TV channel. And in 2009, in honor of its 100 anniversary, “Azermarka” was issued a postage stamp with the image of the first female pilot in the East, on which Leila is depicted in a flying helmet.

Shulman Suhl

The first and only combat pilot-Azerbaijani during the war was aviation navigator Zuleikha Seyidmamedova. In the 1932 year, while studying at the 1 course of the Oil Academy, she simultaneously worked at the flying club. According to the story of Seidmamedova herself in the film “Zuleikha” from the film trilogy “Heavenly Brothers” by Nazim Reza Israfiloglu, it was a student club of aeronautics. Training flights were conducted from a dedicated site in Zabrat. Since 1936, she is an instructor-pilot of the Baku Aero Club. In the 1938 year, after graduating from the Azerbaijan Industrial Institute, she received a degree in engineering geology. Soon, Zuleikha made her main choice: she decided to enter the faculty of navigators of the Zhukovsky Air Force Academy.

At that time, girls were not taken to this department. However, she decided to fight to the end. Zuleikha turned to Klimentiy Voroshilov, and within half a month she received an answer: she was made an exception and allowed to study as a navigator!

Since childhood, Zulia loved height. In her memoirs she wrote: “I have loved height since childhood. Every summer my parents and I went to the suburban village of Shuvelyany, to the country. There were growing fig and mulberry trees. I climbed to the highest. I liked to look down on the flat roofs of houses, gardens and vineyards, on the sea, trimmed off the coast with white lace surf. ” As a child she woke up early in the morning from the hum of the engine, ran out into the yard and, covering her face with the palm of the sun, looked at the sky for a long time, watching the plane, trying to imagine a brave man flying high above the ground, alone in the endless space. Who is he who dares to soar above the birds?

Her first impressions of what she saw for the first time of this aircraft are also interesting: “For the first time I saw a plane very close to me on one of the April sunny days when a physics teacher organized a trip to the airfield. The plane seemed amazingly beautiful, incomprehensible to me! Living winged creature! "

Later, having learned about the decision of her daughter to become a pilot, Zuleikha's mother would exclaim in surprise: “To fly in the sky - is this a women's business?” But nothing could turn Zul away from her cherished dream of becoming a class pilot.

So, in May 1941, Zulya, having graduated from the Military Academy, did not even suspect that a terrible war would begin in less than a month.

From the very beginning of the war Zuleikha served in the regiment, which very soon will be re-trained in the fighter. Later, on the orders of Stalin, the creation of a women's 586 Fighter Regiment began, headed by Major Marina Raskova (in the future - a hero of the Soviet Union). Zuleikha was invited to join the regiment. She will fight the entire war in this regiment in the position of deputy commander.

There was not a single night so that the female regiment flew into the dangerous sky, the war hero Z. Seidmamedova tells in the film. Zulia, as they would gently call her in the regiment, will fly with Marusya Kuznetsova: one will be in the attack, the other - to cover. The pilots of the regiment on fighters designed by Yakovlev covered large industrial centers and railway junctions from attacks by German scorers, guarding bridges across the Volga, Don, Voronezh, Dnieper, and Dniester.

Not a single object guarded by the regiment was harmed by enemy attacks, although the Germans practically bombed cities around the clock. Engineer-navigator Zuleikha Seidmamedova made more 500 sorties, participated in more than 40 air battles.

One day Zuleikha summons leadership. Going into the office, she saw in front of her a rather respectable-looking German prisoner, as it turned out, a general.

Pointing at Zul, they explained to him that this girl had shot down his plane. The German has long been at a loss ...

There was a case when she was instructed, along with several other pilots, to cover the plane flying to the southern part of the country, on board of which there was a high-ranking official. As it turned out later, it was Joseph Stalin himself.

Seidmamedova was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War of the 2 degree, the Order of Lenin, two Orders of the Red Banner of Labor, two Orders of the Combat Red Banner and other awards.

After the war, she was in various senior positions, including for over 20 years, she was Minister of Social Security. The composer Tofik Kuliev dedicated a wonderful compatriot to the song, which was performed by Rashid Behbudov himself. Unfortunately, she did not succeed in seeing the film dedicated to our pilots. She left the world shortly before the completion of filming ...

In order to perpetuate the memory of our heroic pilots of the Great Patriotic War, the tireless Azerbaijani documentary film director Nazim Reza Israfiloglu shot the first documentary film trilogy in Azerbaijani cinema under the general title “Only heaven above the sky” in 1995. It includes three films: “Leila”, “Zuleikha” and “Heavenly Brothers”. Through all three films, the song “About Pilots” by Tofik Babayev, performed by our prima singer Flora Kerimova, is a keynote. Unfortunately, this song is almost forgotten, and it cannot be heard even on holidays on a corresponding occasion.
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23 comments
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  1. aszzz888
    aszzz888 13 May 2013 08: 33 New
    10
    Glorious cohort of our fearless female pilots.
    Eternal memory to them!
  2. Egoza
    Egoza 13 May 2013 09: 19 New
    +8
    It is unfortunate that we can find out about such wonderful people only at VO. But the USSR was indeed a multinational state, and each republic had many achievements. Including the education and training of youth. Is it conceivable business! Muslim Pilot! And now there are such? And of course, it’s a pity that during the holidays of the Great Victory these films about national heroes are not shown on TV, they don’t sing songs from different republics dedicated to heroes.
    We will still remember them, and try to pass on our memory to our grandchildren.
    Eternal memory and eternal glory to you!
  3. Yeraz
    Yeraz 13 May 2013 10: 29 New
    +6
    he himself just recently learned that the first Muslim pilot is an Azerbaijani. Glory to the heroes of Azerbaijan drinks
  4. 755962
    755962 13 May 2013 10: 59 New
    +5
    I can’t stop wondering how many white spots there are in the history of the war ......
    And they say some archives are already being removed from the signature stamp "Sov.secretno" ..
    Whether there will be more. What awaits us behind this "steel door" !?
    Honor and Glory to the glorious daughters of Azerbaijan who have fulfilled their duty to the Motherland. Eternal Memory to the Heroes of the War. I hope for the continuation of the column under the code name "White Spots of History". Respectfully yours.
    1. Yarbay
      13 May 2013 11: 51 New
      +3
      Quote: 755962
      I can’t stop wondering how many white spots there are in the history of the war ......
      And they say some archives are already being removed from the signature stamp "Sov.secretno" ..

      I agree!
      After all, even in our Soviet time, little was said about this!
      I’m now reading the sites created in our country about the Great Patriotic War I will learn so much new !!
      Often I want to share with everyone !!
      Recently, from the site of Heydar, Mirza learned about the heroic death of the father of the famous singer Muslim Magomayev!
      I hope the other day they publish the story, it seems moderated!
  5. Aleksandral
    Aleksandral 13 May 2013 11: 30 New
    +1
    Tell me where you can find or download this trilogy "There is only sky above heaven"
    1. Yarbay
      13 May 2013 12: 07 New
      +2
      Quote: Aleksandral
      Tell me where you can find or download this trilogy "There is only sky above heaven"

      I will write for you!
      It’s also interesting to see for yourself!
      But apparently there is no Internet
      1. Vodrak
        Vodrak 14 May 2013 04: 52 New
        +2
        Please also give a reference. I'd like to see.
  6. Aleksandral
    Aleksandral 13 May 2013 11: 40 New
    +2
    Tried to search, found nothing
  7. smershspy
    smershspy 13 May 2013 13: 49 New
    +3
    Very interesting! Thank!
  8. 416sd
    416sd 13 May 2013 13: 59 New
    +5
    Eternal memory to her!
    You can read her memories via this link (in electronic format there isn’t anywhere else, I devoted a week to time myself, and dialed it by hand):
    http://yoldash.net/2012/07/26/%D0%B7%D1%83%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%B9%D1%85%D0%B0-%D1%81%
    D0%B5%D0%B8%D0%B4%D0%BC%D0%B0%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%B4%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B0-%D0%B7%D0%B0%D
    0%BF%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8-%D0%BB%D0%B5%D1%82%D1%87%D0%B8/
    1. kNow
      kNow 13 May 2013 14: 14 New
      +4
      Quote: 416sd
      %D0%B7%D1%83%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%B9%D1%85%D0%B0-%D1%81%
      D0%B5%D0%B8%D0%B4%D0%BC%D0%B0%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%B4%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B0-%D0%B7%D0%B0%D

      0%BF%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8-%D0%BB%D0%B5%D1%82%D1%87%D0%B8/


      If not difficult, copy this part in the link separately
      1. 416sd
        416sd 13 May 2013 15: 39 New
        +3
        http://yoldash.net/2012/07/26/%D0%B7%D1%83%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%B9%D1%85%D0%B0-%D1%81%

        D0%B5%D0%B8%D0%B4%D0%BC%D0%B0%D0%BC%D0%B5%D0%B4%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B0-%D0%B7%D0%B0%D

        0%BF%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8-%D0%BB%D0%B5%D1%82%D1%87%D0%B8/
        1. kNow
          kNow 13 May 2013 18: 19 New
          +3
          easy option
          if the name of the link contains Russian words, you must first copy and paste this part
          http://yoldash.net/2012/07/26/
          and then copy and paste the rest
          zuleikha-seidmamedova-notes-flyers /

          in the end it will turn out:
          http://yoldash.net/2012/07/26/зулейха-сеидмамедова-запис
          Key Letters /
  9. knn54
    knn54 13 May 2013 14: 13 New
    +4
    - Not a single object guarded by the regiment was affected by enemy attacks, although the Germans practically bombed the cities around the clock. Navigation engineer Zuleikha Seidmamedova made more than 500 sorties, participated in more than 40 air battles.
    -During the war years, she prepared hundreds of paratroopers and about 4 thousand paratroopers for throwing behind enemy lines. Two of them - Adil Guliyev and Nikolai Sheverdyaev subsequently became Heroes of the Soviet Union.
    But for the lesser Hero of the Soviet Union was given, but still She is a Hero! Thanks to the author and the site. Eternal memory to all those who forged Victory at the front and in the rear.
    1. Yarbay
      13 May 2013 14: 18 New
      +4
      Quote: knn54
      -During the war years, she prepared hundreds of paratroopers and about 4 thousand paratroopers for throwing behind enemy lines. Two of them - Adil Guliyev and Nikolai Sheverdyaev subsequently became Heroes of the Soviet Union.

      it's about Leyla Mamedbekova !!
      In principle, I agree with you!
      For the most part, they are all heroes to us, even those who died in the first battle and were not awarded with the awards of the Motherland!
  10. Yeraz
    Yeraz 13 May 2013 14: 39 New
    +3
    Just recently I learned about the participation in the Second World War 3 more people from my village, though I didn’t know exactly in which direction, I will definitely learn from the elders upon arrival in Baku.
  11. wax
    wax 13 May 2013 16: 29 New
    +1
    In 1943, Stalin flew from Baku to Tehran. But to Baku, Stalin traveled from Moscow by train. If Stalin flew southward at a different time, then Aviation Marshal Golovanov would know about this, be responsible for flight safety and would write in his memoirs: http://militera.lib.ru/memo/russian/golovanov_ae/28.html
    So this is nothing more than a beautiful legend.
  12. wax
    wax 13 May 2013 16: 34 New
    +1
    In 1943, Stalin flew from Baku to Tehran. But to Baku, Stalin traveled from Moscow by train. If Stalin flew southward at a different time, then Aviation Marshal Golovanov would know about this, be responsible for flight safety and would write in his memoirs: http://militera.lib.ru/memo/russian/golovanov_ae/28.html
    So this is nothing more than a beautiful legend that does not detract from the exploits of Leyla Mamedbekova.
    1. Yarbay
      13 May 2013 16: 55 New
      +2
      Quote: Wax
      In 1943, Stalin flew from Baku to Tehran. But to Baku, Stalin traveled from Moscow by train.


      and who said that she accompanied the plane to Baku?
      From Baku to the border with Iran at least 300 km!
      ***
      In order to clearly imagine the conspiracy of the flight itself, it is enough to say that the fighters who escorted the Supreme plane from Baku to Tehran and vice versa did not know who they escorted before the announcement in the newspapers of their award. The pilots were alerted, arrived on arrival in Tehran in overalls, stayed there without leaving anywhere from the airfield, all the days of the conference, and only having returned to Baku, were able to change into their everyday clothes
      At the airport in Baku, once again expressing its satisfaction with the results of the conference ended, instructing to present the participants of the conference to be awarded, as well as the fighter pilots who accompanied us back and forth, Stalin immediately departed by train to Moscow. ***
    2. Yarbay
      13 May 2013 16: 56 New
      +4
      Quote: Wax
      which does not detract from the exploits of Leyla Mamedbekova.

      Zuleihi Seidmamedova!
      1. 416sd
        416sd 14 May 2013 14: 42 New
        0
        Leyla Mamedbekova was her instructor.
        Baku flying club.

        And there was the Spanish pilot Manuel Zaraus. He moved after a civilian in Spain to the USSR, was an instructor in the Baku Air Defense District, died either in 1943 or in 1944 during a training flight. He was buried in Baku at the Narimanov (Montinsky) cemetery.
      2. wax
        wax 14 May 2013 21: 21 New
        +1
        which does not detract from the exploits of Leyla Mamedbekova.
        Zuleihi Seidmamedova!

        I apologize for the carelessness shown.
        There was a case when she was instructed, along with several other pilots, to cover the plane flying to the southern part of the country, on board of which there was a high-ranking official. As it turned out later, it was Joseph Stalin himself.

        Air cover was carried out in flight from Baku to Tehran and vice versa. Therefore, talking about a cover from Baku to the border is not serious. Two Douglas S-47 planes flew, one led Grachev (Stalin was in it), the other Golovanov. The entire flight zone was covered by the fighter aviation regiment. This, together with the management of at least 30 aircraft
  13. tuts
    tuts 13 May 2013 19: 08 New
    +2
    It was after two world wars that a difference appeared in the ways of women TOP. The first path is “purely American” (pederastically fascist). The second way is “soviet” (regardless of the social system in the country). According to the first, American way, a woman, to become famous all over the world, it was enough to follow the example of Marilyn Monroe, to become naked ... back to the fan - the skirt lifted up - n ... just wide open - the whole world is happy! The “shovel” method was more laborious and difficult. Just “nothing” - fly into space like Tereshkova, Savitskaya, become a captain, like Shchetinina
  14. bublic82009
    bublic82009 13 May 2013 20: 35 New
    0
    then it was fashionable
  15. 416sd
    416sd 14 May 2013 14: 41 New
    0
    It is true that Stalin traveled to Baku by train but then by plane.
    And the pilots were selected specially iconic with the routes and the relief of this zone, there were several more from the Baku Air Defense District who were familiar with this zone. I think I picked up for a reason.
  16. wax
    wax 16 May 2013 22: 17 New
    0
    http://yoldash.net/2012/07/26/зулейха-сеидмамедова-записки-летчи/
    ZULEYKHA SEIDMAMEDOV, “PILOT NOTES”, BAKU, 1963
    The victory near Kursk had a decisive influence on the further course of World War II. The whole enormous front set in motion, casting the fascist hordes to the west. The last desperate attempt of the Nazis to regain their strategic initiative failed completely.
    Many pilots and mechanics of our regiment were awarded military orders. I was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War, 2nd degree.
    ...
    Korsun-Shevchenkovskiy
    ...
    In late autumn, a female fighter regiment flew to Kiev, recently freed from the Nazis.
    ... The regiment is at the airport, near Kiev. We patrol over the city. In the sky, in general, it’s calm. It’s rare, when some nasal German reconnaissance plane will slip to Kiev. The girls even began to murmur: “Well, what is it? We are on duty at our airplanes, there are few sorties ... ” They even complained to the division commander:
    “Why don't you let us fly?”
    “I want to save you,” the division commander answered smilingly. - Have you seen how many male regiments we have? And you, women comrades, have already done your job. The war is coming to an end. What will I send you to hell, under a stray bullet? Watch, patrol over the city, and it will be with you ...
    But still we took part in another major battle - the battle of Korsun-Shevchenkovsky.

    Those. during the Tehran conference, ZULEYKH SEIDMAMEDOV was near Kiev with her regiment. Shelves for escorting Stalin were not withdrawn from the front. Protection was carried out by the NKVD aviation (Beria personally answered). The only pilot selected from the Air Force was Grachev, and then his call was made through Beria in view of the complete secrecy of Stalin's movement.
    The list of those awarded for providing Stalin's trip and flight was published in the newspaper "Vedomosti of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR" No. 53 of December 24, 1943.

    An amazing woman, a popular hero. For her, there is no need to invent legends - she is a legend herself. Honor and eternal glory to ZULEYHE SEIDMAMEDOVA - the outstanding daughter of the Azerbaijani people!
  17. wax
    wax 17 May 2013 08: 17 New
    0
    ... An order was received: the six fighters to escort a particularly important aircraft to Kuibyshev. I have been appointed group commander and flight navigator.
    We are carefully preparing for leadership. I make a route on the map, instruct my girls. Mechanics report: "Yak" are ready for flight.

    ... And another memorable flight. A group of our fighters — four YAKs — escorted a particularly important aircraft. The weather was bad: thick clouds, fog. Not without difficulty did we find the airdrome we needed.

    On Kursk:
    And the next morning, having received an order on the radio, I lifted my group [six pairs of fighters] into the air.
    Through the noise and crackle in the headsets I hear the voice of one of the pilots of my group:
    - Falcons! Ahead, below us, are the enemy planes!
    I look around. Yes, a large group of "Junkers" is coming - is it not getting to our facility? At least twenty cars ... but no time to count. I quickly make a decision:
    - Attack!
    U-Turn. My "Yak" is rapidly approaching one of the "Junkers" and comes into his tail.
    I feel the familiar excitement of the battle, I catch the German in sight. I click on the trigger. Some of our pilots are simultaneously attacking the enemy machine with me. We beat in long bursts. In the headphones, the excited voice of Marusya Kuznetsova:
    - Beat Zuleikha, covering up!
    I can clearly see the black crosses on the Junkers planes. Rip his belly! Again a long line. Is he invulnerable, perhaps, the damned Junkers? ... I have almost come close to him. I shoot and think: "If I don’t kill, I will ram... ".
    And then I see: "Junkers" was enveloped in puffs of smoke. Dragging a black train behind him, he went down.
    Not remembering myself with joy, I shout to my slave:
    - Mariyka, one was shot down!
    I don’t hear an answer in the headsets. I look around and see how the Messerschmitt rolled off my car. In the heat of battle, I did not notice how he came to me in the tail. But Marusya Kuznetsova was on the alert. She covered me with a fire shield in time and repulsed the Messerschmitt attack.
    Thank you Mariyka! But only on the ground, having planted the car and seeing how its langerons and steering wheels were riddled with bullets, I realized what danger threatened me ...
    Strong fighting friendship connected us with this wonderful girl, we were inseparable not only in the air, but also on the ground.

    I am a "Yak" fighter, my engine is ringing,
    Heaven is my abode
    ...
    In this battle, the Junkers I shot down
    I did what I wanted with him.
    ...
    The Messerschmidt comes to me from the side.
    Leave - I'm tired of the wounds.
    But the one that sits in me
    I see, - decided: to ram!
  18. Our
    Our 19 December 2013 17: 47 New
    +1
    two have minus