Military Review

US ready to launch the introduction of laser weapons in the fleet in 2014

51
Only a little more than fifty years have passed since the creation of the first quantum generators (maser and laser), but during this time such a number of devices based on the use of lasers has been developed that it is difficult to imagine our life without using quantum generators. This is the use of lasers to print documents, laser show in Kiev and other cities of the world, recording and reading optical disc information, laser surgery and even laser weapon.




Today, many countries are intensively developing laser weapons that would allow them to hit enemy manpower and equipment over long distances with maximum efficiency. It is believed that the leader in the development of laser weapons is the United States, which reported that the first versions of ship's laser guns will be used starting in fiscal 2014. It is worth noting that last year the Americans stated that laser guns on warships of the US Navy will be used, at best, from 2016. If you believe the representatives of the American fleet, then the development can turn into a real weapon for as much as 2 years ahead of schedule.

It is reported that increasing the productivity of work relating to laser weapons in the United States, has manifested itself after last year's tests. In the summer of 2012, the US destroyer Dewey was able to hit an unmanned aerial vehicle with the help of an experienced military laser system located on its deck. The distance to this device at the time of the defeat was only a few tens of meters, but the Americans reported that in less than a year, the intensity of the laser beam of the cannon had almost doubled, as did the range of the target. It is planned that prior to the start of 2014, the ship-type laser system will undergo an even more substantial modernization, which will allow the US Navy to equip it.

While the laser gun is planned to be used for non-lethal operations. That is, the laser is going to disable the electronics of the enemy, to lead the destruction of unmanned targets. However, over time, after increasing the power of such weapons at times, it can be used even for sinking enemy ships.

The US military itself and the developers who participated in the testing of the laser gun, note that the emergence of this type of weapon today can be compared with how in the era of swords, spears and shields suddenly appeared small arms type. The laser can make a real revolution in military affairs in the near future.
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  1. Fantomac
    Fantomac April 29 2013 21: 13 New
    15
    Let's hope that it will be the same super modern, efficient, expensive as the F-35 which they are already abandoning.
    1. ansimov
      ansimov April 29 2013 21: 21 New
      +6
      hi This SDI reminds me. A little bit.
    2. Papakiko
      Papakiko April 29 2013 21: 51 New
      +3
      Quote: Fantomac
      Let's hope

      We believe in this, without any shadow of doubt.
      And in addition to the "Jedi swords" we will hand over a couple of millions without haste.
      1. patline
        patline April 29 2013 22: 06 New
        +2
        This SDI reminds me. A little bit

        ))) And it reminds me of how Germany at the end of World War II invented "super-weapons". )))
        Here, too, looks like agony.
    3. Sirocco
      Sirocco April 30 2013 04: 34 New
      0
      The Soviet Union, at one time created a ship with a laser system. As a result of tests, laser applications have shown their inefficiency. In view of the energy loss of the beam when passing through sea air with high humidity. During the tests, a laser salvo was fired, shot at a target located on the coast at a distance of 4 kilometers. It was possible to hit the target the first time, but none of those present saw the beam itself and the visible destruction of the target. The hit was detected by a thermal sensor mounted on the target itself. The beam efficiency was still the same 5%, all the energy of the beam was absorbed by the evaporation of moisture from the surface of the sea.

      However, the tests were found to be excellent. After all, according to the creators of the laser was intended for use in space, where, as you know, there is a complete vacuum.
      http://ussrtw.ru/forum/showthread.php?349-%D0%9B%D0%B0%D0%B7%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%BD%D
      0%BE%D0%B5-%D0%BE%D1%80%D1%83%D0%B6%D0%B8%D0%B5-%D0%A1%D0%A1%D0%A1%D0%A0&s=f77cb
      4d2a2a3bf5a237f9991c648bdb5
  2. Fregate
    Fregate April 29 2013 21: 17 New
    +4
    Will a mirror help him?
    1. ansimov
      ansimov April 29 2013 21: 24 New
      +2
      Mirror UAV? Something new.
      1. Fregate
        Fregate April 29 2013 22: 01 New
        +6
        Quote: ansimov
        Mirror UAV? Something new.

        So what? The system is called "Whoever comes to us with a sword will die by the sword." smile
        1. ansimov
          ansimov April 29 2013 22: 04 New
          0
          But I'm afraid our technology might be stolen smile
          What we are going to do?
          1. Rustiger
            Rustiger April 29 2013 23: 08 New
            +3
            Quote: ansimov
            But I'm afraid our technology might be stolen
            What we are going to do?

            This is elementary, Watson. So you need to be the first to steal something. Then quickly SELL, so as not to be stolen from us. To buy from the proceeds from the Jews, what they squeezed at a time when they dumped on the "historical" from closed Soviet research institutes. Quickly test, give to the Chinese, so that they show the amers, who in turn will rush to develop another "school telescope." From envy, natural malice and lack of funding, they will be forced to give us Alaska along with a tracking station. We direct it in the opposite direction and. . . . .
            We demand back from Hollywood the right to use our old cartoons.
            That's it!
        2. patline
          patline April 29 2013 22: 09 New
          0
          Invisible aircraft are no longer in trend. Now super-visible planes are needed, laughing to reflect at the point of origin of the beam. Although .... you can, after all, reflect the beam for other purposes))) wink
        3. ia-ai00
          ia-ai00 April 29 2013 22: 13 New
          0
          Well done, comedian!
        4. patline
          patline April 29 2013 22: 26 New
          +2
          The system is called "Whoever comes to us with a sword will die by the sword."

          No. Not this way laughing Whoever comes to us with the RAY will die from the RAY laughing laughing laughing
      2. Gluxar_
        Gluxar_ April 30 2013 15: 02 New
        0
        Quote: ansimov
        Mirror UAV? Something new.

        Reflective paint.
    2. RDS-1
      RDS-1 April 29 2013 22: 45 New
      +1
      But why a mirror? Mirrors are cheap; you won’t cut much on them. We follow hands, they themselves and lasers develop and protection against them:

      Aerosol coating of carbon nanotubes and ceramics - protection of military equipment from defeat by laser weapons

      Researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Kansas (Kansas State University) have demonstrated a new aerosol composition based on a mixture of carbon nanotubes and special ceramics, the coating of which can effectively absorb laser light, including combat. Such coatings, which are capable of absorbing most of the energy of the laser beam without collapsing while preventing the object they are protecting from being destroyed, are not only an effective means of protection against combat lasers, they are also used to protect sensors that measure the radiation energy of lasers used by the military to remotely detonate unexploded ordnance and explosive devices.

      This is called "drank with both hands": when the left allegedly does not know what the right does;)
  3. Fregate
    Fregate April 29 2013 21: 17 New
    0
    Will a mirror help him?
  4. GreatRussia
    GreatRussia April 29 2013 21: 20 New
    +2

    .... will undergo even more substantial modernization ...
    The American military and the developers who participated in the tests of the laser gun themselves note ...

    Here they are, the American "stools."
  5. svp67
    svp67 April 29 2013 21: 24 New
    +3
    The future of laser weapons, it is time for Russia to recall that in these developments it was in the first place. For the peace of the country and its inhabitants, such installations, with better characteristics than those of Americans and Israelis, are simply obliged to appear on our ships ...
    1. k220150
      k220150 April 30 2013 08: 45 New
      0
      In the 80s of the last century, the RAND appreciated the laser work in the USSR, the result was stunning, the report was classified, although all the source data were open. Then what was closed in the USSR?
      And now we have Oskolkovo with "ingenious" managers cast.
  6. kori
    kori April 29 2013 21: 25 New
    +4
    I read that its power is now only a few tens of kilowatts, but they are threatening to increase it to megawatts. We also have similar systems and are actively developing, let's hope that they will surpass their development.
  7. GreatRussia
    GreatRussia April 29 2013 21: 26 New
    +5
    Quote: svp67
    The future of laser weapons, it is time for Russia to recall that in these developments it was in the first place. For the peace of the country and its inhabitants, such installations, with better characteristics than those of Americans and Israelis, are simply obliged to appear on our ships ...

    As far as I understand, all this is good in clear weather, provided the calm, in direct line of sight.
    Otherwise, it all turns into useless trash.

    Laser weapons of the USSR.

    http://finefact.ru/54530-lazernoe-oruzhie-sssr-28-foto.html
    1. Fregate
      Fregate April 29 2013 21: 29 New
      0
      That's right, but still the plus is that you can use it in clear weather, and save the rockets for other weather conditions.
      1. dmitreach
        dmitreach April 30 2013 04: 18 New
        0
        but the plus is that

        if it were the size of a flashlight ... and so takes up space - tons ... and eats energy ...
    2. svp67
      svp67 April 29 2013 21: 30 New
      0
      Quote: GreatRussia
      As far as I understand, all this is good in fair weather, provided there is calm.
      Otherwise, it all turns into useless trash.
      And as I understand it, a lot depends on the capacity of the installation ...
      And besides, at the moment these settings are intended
      While the laser gun is planned to be used for non-lethal operations. That is, the laser is going to disable the electronics of the enemy, to lead the destruction of unmanned targets. However, over time, after increasing the power of such weapons at times, it can be used even for sinking enemy ships.
      1. GreatRussia
        GreatRussia April 29 2013 21: 43 New
        +1
        Quote: svp67
        And as I understand it, a lot depends on the capacity of the installation ...
        And besides, at the moment these settings are intended

        Isn’t it easier to hit drones from a gun mount, which, unlike a laser, does not depend on weather conditions?


        However, over time, after increasing the power of such weapons at times, it can very well be used even for the sinking of enemy ships.

        Again, only in direct line of sight and in clear weather. You can’t send a laser beam beyond the horizon. )))
        1. svp67
          svp67 April 29 2013 23: 31 New
          0
          Quote: GreatRussia
          Isn’t it easier to hit drones from a gun mount, which, unlike a laser, does not depend on weather conditions?
          To destroy one flying target, up to hundreds of shells are required. and who told you that shooting from an artillery installation does not depend on weather conditions? Many factors need to be taken into account - air temperature and charge, barrel bore wear, wind speed and direction, and many more factors ...
        2. svp67
          svp67 April 29 2013 23: 45 New
          0
          Quote: GreatRussia
          Again, only in direct line of sight and in clear weather. You can’t send a laser beam beyond the horizon. )))

          When something was evaluated and discussed in a similar way about small arms, considering it more exotic than weapons, because it had a low rate of fire, it was very unreliable, etc., etc., and yet now the bow and crossbow have become exotic, giving way to firearms. Laser weapons take their first steps, and of course it is still far from perfect, but this does not mean that after 5-10 years no new technical solutions will be found that make it truly deadly. In addition, there are "horizontal radars", who said that it would be impossible to come up with a "horizontal laser"?
      2. Patriot.ru.
        Patriot.ru. April 29 2013 23: 12 New
        +1
        Disable enemy electronics. Like optics, we can for a long time.
    3. ansimov
      ansimov April 29 2013 21: 36 New
      +3
      It would be interesting to see the shooting test.
      And yet, at the moment, conventional technologies are superior to laser in all respects. If there are any advantages to the laser and information about its cost, please tell us.
  8. Misantrop
    Misantrop April 29 2013 21: 44 New
    +8
    If the power of the laser installation will increase at times, then the usual power plant can not do. Again, this weapon is effective at line of sight, i.e. much smaller than even the classic barrel artillery. Also, fog, a storm, or even an ordinary fire with medium smoke will make these weapons useless decoration of the add-on ...

    And the main advantage of the laser is that after using it, smoking sleeves do not roll under your feet laughing
  9. GreatRussia
    GreatRussia April 29 2013 21: 50 New
    +4
    Quote: Misantrop
    Also, fog, a storm, or even an ordinary fire with medium smoke will make these weapons useless decoration of the add-on ...

    yes

    Cheap and cheerful.
    Installation of the smoke screen of the ship:
  10. Nevsky
    Nevsky April 29 2013 21: 58 New
    +6
    The future has already arrived somewhere ... in the Caucasus or something laughing

    1. botur
      botur April 29 2013 22: 22 New
      +3
      Nice neighing !!!! good good good
    2. ars_pro
      ars_pro April 30 2013 02: 38 New
      -1
      Hehe so it turns out that they could not make C-shki (300-500) amers decided to switch to lasers ???? sad of course, sad =) Moreover, we already had development of lasers and confirmation that they are not all-weather (lasers), they don’t talk about efficiency, regardless of power, as I understand it, rocket systems will still be in “fashion” for some time, until amers step over ...
      We can only improve internally and improve our system of statehood on which amers have already been able to play, our people have been able to teach honor and praise to them, do not stop, drank bobosikov continues =)
  11. Klim
    Klim April 29 2013 22: 06 New
    +1
    Again amers lie.
  12. ia-ai00
    ia-ai00 April 29 2013 22: 16 New
    0
    Quote: ansimov
    Mirror UAV? Something new.

    So what? The system is called "Whoever comes to us with a sword will die by the sword." smile

    Fregate RU, - You +, for the humor!
  13. Atlon
    Atlon April 29 2013 22: 18 New
    +3
    Give more prodigies, dear and different!

    "Saw, Shura, saw! They are golden!" ("Golden calf")

    Ardent greetings from progressive humanity, to the American budget cutters! wink
  14. morpex
    morpex April 29 2013 22: 23 New
    0
    I read the comments - sheer arrogance ... They laugh at everything. Why? I don’t have to cry then ... Although the Russian leadership takes it more seriously. In November, the 2012 decided to resume the development of a military aviation laser capable of hitting planes, satellites and even ballistic missiles. The Russian laser gun is installed on the A-60 aircraft (a modification of the IL-76 transporter), which will undergo modernization in the 2013 year.
    Israel is also developing its own combat laser. I won’t be surprised if the Chinas do not sit still.
    The first planes were also called flying whatnots ... And, what in the end?
    1. Atlon
      Atlon April 29 2013 22: 44 New
      +6
      Quote: morpex
      I won’t be surprised if the chinas do not sit still.

      Do not sit ... Fact ... wink

      1. Lopatov
        Lopatov April 29 2013 22: 49 New
        +1
        They took our systems for laser detection and suppression of optics, copied and installed this device on their tank. And you spread the photo of the pointer.
        1. Kaa
          Kaa April 29 2013 23: 11 New
          +2
          Quote: Spade
          They took our laser detection and optical suppression systems
          According to a representative of the Russian military-industrial complex, which Izvestia refers to, financing of laser developments in the interests of the Ministry of Defense has resumed. Moreover, a more powerful laser will be installed on the A-60 (so far only one of two such aircraft has survived, created in 1991). According to the publication, we are talking about new units of the 1LK222 installation, developed by Chempromavtomatika together with Almaz-Antey. In the ground version, the installation called the Falcon-Echelon is ready and will begin testing in 2013. In particular, the laser gun will be tested for efficiency at pressure drops, temperatures and overloads. Modernization will take place in 60 to accommodate the new A-2013 laser system on board. As Izvestia noted, the Ministry of Defense has not yet decided on which aircraft it is planned to install combat lasers in the future. Among the options are military transport aircraft and bombers. In Russia, the development of ground-based lasers was also carried out, but little is known about its fate. In particular, in the early 1990s, a prototype of a mobile laser gun designed on the basis of the Msta-S self-propelled howitzer was created. The project, called 1K17 “Compression,” was based on a multi-channel solid-state laser. According to one version, an artificial cylindrical ruby ​​crystal weighing 30 kilograms was specially grown for Compression. According to another version, yttrium aluminum garnet with neodymium additives served as the laser body. After the collapse of the USSR, the Compression project, like many other bold undertakings, was frozen. However, given the increased interest of the Ministry of Defense in promising developments, both ground-based and airborne laser systems can now get a second life. http://paranormal-news.ru/news/v_rossii_vozobnovjat_razrabotku_boevogo_lazera/20
          12-11-16-5662
          / The signature stamp is imposed on Russian developments in this direction. So, in particular, several years ago it was presented to the general public MLTK-50 metal cutting complex, which is designed for cutting thick-walled pipes at a distance of up to 1 kilometer. The next development of the Salyut Design Bureau was to be the Skif-Stilet device. The prefix "Stiletto" appeared in the name because it was going to install on board the Astrophysics NPO 1K11 Stilet Special Vehicle Complex (BSK). Ground "Stiletto" was intended to disable sights and sensors of optical devices. Under conditions of cosmic vacuum, the radius of action of the rays could be significantly increased. In Russia, "as in the whole world, work is underway on a combat laser." . Formally, the "Stiletto" is still in service with the Russian army. Some experts believe that during the parade on May 9, 2005, Russia demonstrated laser guns, and not “prototypes”, but serial cars. Six combat vehicles with the removed “combat units” and “terminal devices” stood on both sides of Red Square. According to experts, these were the very “laser cannons”. It became known that Russia was developing a modern airborne combat laser in August 2009, when this was announced by Yuri Zaitsev, current academic adviser to the Academy of Engineering Sciences of the Russian Federation . In particular, he said that in the weapons program, which was adopted and approved by the Scientific and Technical Council of the military-industrial complex, there are sections that involve the development of a completely new type of LASER WEAPON. http://venture-biz.ru/tekhnologii-innovatsii/286-lazernoe-oruzhie
          1. Srgsoap
            Srgsoap April 30 2013 02: 50 New
            +1
            Complex "Compression"
  15. Suhov
    Suhov April 29 2013 22: 24 New
    +1
    Quote: Fregate
    A mirror will help From him?

    Weak Americans in Greek mythology:
    they don’t know what and how Perseus did with Medusa Gorgon ...
    laughing
  16. Suhov
    Suhov April 29 2013 22: 25 New
    +8
    Cast into a snowdrift, feel like a laser!
    wassat
  17. GreatRussia
    GreatRussia April 29 2013 22: 34 New
    +1
    Quote: morpex
    I read the comments - sheer arrogance ... Everyone neighs. Over what?

    Over the fact that the Americans are installing on their vessels at the moment, posing as an achievement.


    It was not necessary to cry later ... Although the Russian leadership takes it more seriously, in November 2012 they decided to resume the development of a military aviation laser capable of hitting planes, satellites and even ballistic missiles. The Russian laser gun is mounted on an A-60 aircraft (a modification of the IL-76 transporter), which will undergo modernization in 2013.

    Why cry? From the fact that the program was resumed in Russia?
    1. morpex
      morpex April 29 2013 22: 45 New
      -3
      Quote: GreatRussia
      Why cry? From the fact that the program was resumed in Russia?

      It was resumed, so that later you would not have to cry and regret the lost time. Now, is it understandable? By the way, they are laughing at the SDI program, forgetting that it was thanks to her that a powerful technological leap was made not only to Amer but also to the whole world ...
      1. Atlon
        Atlon April 29 2013 22: 47 New
        +2
        Quote: morpex
        It was thanks to her that a powerful technological leap was made not only to Amer but also to the whole world ...


        Indeed?! belay

        rzhunimagu! laughing
        1. morpex
          morpex April 29 2013 22: 57 New
          -2
          Quote: Atlon
          really ?! rzhunimagu!

          Are you a stallion? Already not in the first in your comments you laugh.
      2. Lopatov
        Lopatov April 29 2013 23: 04 New
        +3
        Work on laser weapons did not stop. Thanks to Gazprom for their financing
  18. Vtel
    Vtel April 29 2013 22: 45 New
    +3
    In the summer of 2012, the US destroyer “Dewey” with the help of an experimental combat laser station located on its deck was able to hit an unmanned aerial vehicle.

    But he would hardly have shot down our drone from the Pioneer Palace, because the presence of a large smoke plume behind him would completely have knocked down the sight of their laser. In and if you launch their entire squadron, then the enemy destroyer will not be up to the enemy ships.
  19. z-exit
    z-exit April 29 2013 22: 56 New
    +2
    Quote: Vtel
    The distance to this device during the defeat was only a few tens of meters, but the Americans reported that in less than a year, the intensity of the laser beam of the gun almost doubled

    Ahah, now it’s 40 meters! The most that raven on a melon to drive! Thunderstorm drones mother ett!
    But seriously, I don’t share the author’s enthusiasm, since if you dig deeper the question, the United States’s lag of several decades in this area will emerge. The leader in lasers has always been the USSR. And the conclusions of leading Soviet scientists about this weapon are known: it is certainly good, but without practical prospects for today and in the near future, since a beam capable of hitting something other than a slow satellite moving along a well-known path requires power for which a dedicated atomic station! And this is for one installation only!
    1. Patriot.ru.
      Patriot.ru. April 29 2013 23: 29 New
      +1
      Ours never brag. But for sure, our lasers are more powerful than SGA, but as weapons they are not yet suitable.
    2. SPACE
      SPACE April 29 2013 23: 32 New
      +1
      The Terra facility is a Soviet high-power laser weapon development program for missile defense. The supervisor of the Terra-3 program, launched in the 1965 year, was N. G. Basov. The practical work was carried out by the Vympel Design Bureau, then the Central Design Bureau Luch and the Automatic Systems Design Bureau, and subsequently the Astrophysics Research and Production Association.
      A-60 - aircraft laser system
      Skif-DM - ​​space laser system
      Aidar theme - ship laser installation
      Dixon Laser Ship
      Stylet, Compression.
      And Americans live on another planet, and they have not yet invented it, for the discovery of the patriotism of citizens and the exclusivity of the striped star flag, it is necessary to create the first.
  20. z-exit
    z-exit April 29 2013 23: 15 New
    +3
    Here is a video about the development of the USSR in the laser field:
  21. Suhov
    Suhov April 29 2013 23: 41 New
    +2
    That is laser are going to disable electronics enemy, destroy unmanned targets.

    The American Shuttles and our Buran were protected from thermal effects using ceramic (heat-shielding) tiles. So in terms of protecting the body of the device - the problem is solved.
    Another thing is that with the help of a laser it is possible to derive aircraft control devices. It is both simpler and more efficient.
    Most likely, combat lasers will use this way ...
    1. Kaa
      Kaa April 29 2013 23: 54 New
      +2
      Quote: Sukhov
      Another thing is that with the help of a laser it is possible to derive aircraft control devices
      "Work" with the Shuttle
      In 1981, the United States launched the first shuttle spacecraft. Naturally, this attracted the attention of the government and the leadership of the Ministry of Defense. The manned orbital stages "Columbia" and "Challenger", when launched from the Western test site of the US Air Force (Vandenberg), passed from east to west over the mid latitudes of the USSR, mainly during daylight hours. This is eight out of fourteen turns per day, coinciding with the time zones of the USSR. The height of the orbits is 300-400 km, full coordination with the sequence of passage of reconnaissance spacecraft of the United States.
      In the fall of 1983, Marshal of the Soviet Union D. Ustinov suggested that the commander of the ABM and Special Defense Forces Yu.Votintsev use a laser system to accompany the shuttle. At that time, a team of 300 specialists carried out improvements at the complex. This was reported by Yu.Votintsev to the Minister of Defense.
      And on October 10, 1984, during the 13th flight of the Challenger shuttle (USA), when its orbits in orbit took place in the area of ​​the "A" test site, the experiment took place when the laser unit was in detection mode with minimal radiation power. The orbit of the ship at that time was 365 km, the oblique range of detection and tracking was 400-800 km. The exact target designation of the laser system was issued by the Argun radar measuring complex.
      As the Challenger crew later reported, when flying over the Balkhash area on the ship, the communication suddenly disconnected, equipment malfunctions occurred, and the astronauts themselves felt unwell. The Americans began to understand. Soon they realized that the crew was subjected to some kind of artificial influence from the USSR, and they formally protested. Based on humane considerations, in the future the laser installation, and even part of the radio engineering complexes of the landfill, which have a high energy potential, were not used to escort the Shuttles. Http: //ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Терра_
  22. rainufa
    rainufa April 29 2013 23: 44 New
    +1
    Russia already possesses laser weapons and uses them)
    http://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/32710/
  23. Zomanus
    Zomanus April 30 2013 00: 15 New
    0
    I hope that our designers will be smart enough to pre-calculate the effectiveness of this weapon before embodying it in metal.
    1. Kaa
      Kaa April 30 2013 00: 26 New
      +2
      Quote: Zomanus
      it’s enough ingenuity to pre-calculate the effectiveness of a given weapon before embodying it in metal.

      In the middle of 70's. Taganrog Machine-Building Plant. Georgy Dimitrov was entrusted with the creation of a special aviation complex necessary for solving a number of important military-technical tasks in the interests of ensuring the country's defense capability.
      From 1977 in OKB im. G.M.Beryeva begins the creation of the flying laboratory product "1А" for testing the basic technical solutions of the new specialized aviation complex. The aircraft housed a laser facility designed to study the propagation of rays in the upper atmosphere. Work on this topic was carried out in broad cooperation with enterprises and scientific organizations throughout the country, but the main partner of the OKB was Almaz Central Design Bureau, headed by Doctor of Technical Sciences, Academician B.V. Bunkin.
      The solution was simple enough at first sight: to install on the spacecraft an already created and tested laser for testing it in space. The choice fell on the 1 MW laser machine (2-2.5 is times more powerful than the maximum power of the Americans), created by one of the branches of the Atomic Energy Institute. I.V. Kurchatov. This gas-dynamic carbon dioxide laser was designed to be installed on IL-76 aircraft. By 1983, he has already passed flight tests.
      The combat laser was tested on an IL-76MD aircraft with a Soviet-86879 tail number (otherwise it was called IL-76LL with BL - a flying IL-76 laboratory with a combat laser). This aircraft looked original. To power the laser and related equipment, two AI-24BT turbo-generators with a power of 2,1 MW were installed on the sides of the nose. Instead of a standard weather radar on the nose, a huge bulbous fairing was installed on a special adapter, to which a smaller oblong fairing was attached below. Obviously, there was an antenna of the aiming system, which was spinning in all directions, catching the target.
      Originally it was decided to place the laser gun: in order not to spoil the aerodynamics of the aircraft with another fairing, the gun was made retractable. The top of the fuselage between the wing and the keel was cut out and replaced with huge flaps consisting of several segments. They were removed inside the fuselage, and then climbed turret with a cannon. Behind the wing there were fairings with a profile similar to that of a wing protruding beyond the contour of the fuselage. The cargo ramp was maintained, but the cargo doors were removed and the door was sewn with metal.
      For the first time, the flying laboratory "1A" was lifted into the air on August 19, 1981 by a crew headed by test pilot E.A. Lakhmostov.
      The aircraft was completed by the Taganrog Aviation Research and Development Complex (TANTK) named after GM Beriev and Taganrog Machine-Building Plant. George Dimitrov.
      The aviation version of the megawatt laser went into the series like the A-60.
      But on August 29 1991, the crew led by test pilot VP Demyanovsky, flew into the air a second flying laboratory, named "1А2" USSR-86879. On board was placed a new version of the special complex modified according to the results of tests conducted on the "1A".
      Work on the flying laboratory “1А2” on the improvement and modification of the special complex and its systems continues to the present. The chief designer - Deputy General Designer of the TANTK on this topic is N.A. Stepanov.
      Moreover, according to an unnamed source in the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, work on the A-60 topic, among the few Russian military promising projects, receives full funding from the state armament program. "
      http://oko-planet.su/politik/politikarm/11931-a-60-lazernyj-mech-sssr-ili-za-30-
      let-do.html
  24. denkastro
    denkastro April 30 2013 00: 52 New
    0
    The powerful laser complex created at Astrophysics (Patent of the Russian Federation No. 2463200 of 10.10.2012) is able to cut an ice sheet 1-2 meters thick. Based on the use of high-power lasers, the technology for reducing ice loads on engineering structures operating on the continental shelf is designed to prevent emergency situations and significantly expand the possibilities for industrial development of marine polar latitudes.
    Even a dumbass doesn’t insert any link. Two meters of ice is harder to cut than to shoot down a drone (as I see it). And this is just the beginning. And they transferred it to the laser for two years immediately after the RF patent.
  25. waisson
    waisson April 30 2013 01: 48 New
    0
    China, which has deployed a laser turret on its new ZTZ-99G tank, capable of destroying the enemy’s optical systems and partially blind the gunners. True, the Chinese government froze the further development of new models of such weapons.

    In the Soviet Union, such systems were developed and created for a long time; some samples were even put into service. Thus, at the beginning of the 80-x, sighting platoons were installed in the states of the Soviet divisions that were deployed in the Western districts and groups of forces, which were equipped with BM-1C with laser equipment AB-1. The main purpose of these machines was the damage of optics installed on armored vehicles and anti-tank complexes of the enemy, as well as for partial blinding of operators and gunners. Externally, the machines did not differ from the common BMP-1, which gave them vitality.

    Also, the Aquilon laser complexes were created, capable of suppressing coastal defense optical devices, and later, in 1992, the Szhatiy system was adopted to replace these complexes. The system for the purpose of masking was located on the chassis and in the tower of the ACS Msta-S and was able to automatically determine the location of the glare objects and destroy them using a whole laser battery.
  26. kobussubok
    kobussubok April 30 2013 02: 41 New
    +1
    The laser is certainly an interesting thing .... But I am sure that in order to counter it, it will take quite a bit of manpower and means!
  27. pinkrabbit
    pinkrabbit April 30 2013 02: 49 New
    +1
    until they come up with a super source of energy all this crap is complete :)) and when they can make a battery the size of a pack of cigarettes and the power of a reactor, then the future will come with laser rifles, exo skeletons and combat robots :))
  28. mojohed
    mojohed April 30 2013 07: 56 New
    0
    That's expensive to cut steel and armor with lasers. How much ernergy will it take for one shot and burn 1 hole? It is clear that shooting down an UAV there or with which anti-convolutional laser missiles would be cheaper than spending an expensive missile defense missile system, but still it will have to transfer the ship’s power plants to nuclear reactors? The second question is the rate of fire of such installations, pump time, etc. How many times does a laser need to be fired to sink a destroyer or frigate?