Military Review

Feat pilot Boris Gomolko

11
... In the 30s of the last century, many Kharkov newspapers wrote with some pathos and enthusiasm characteristic of the Soviet press about the opening of the first All-Ukrainian flying club in the southern republic. The enthusiasm was, in general, understandable: air transport at that time was actively developing, helping to explore the vast expanses of the young Soviet state, without aviation it was impossible to imagine agriculture, military industry. The ideological campaign in support of developing aviation was carried out on a large scale - editorials in newspapers, radio broadcasts, speeches of leaders ...


Probably, succumbing to this particular call - “Komsomol member on the plane!”, The young Boris Mefodievich Gomolko signed up for the Kharkiv Aero Club. The lessons in him helped Boris to further enter the Armavir Military Aviation Pilot School.

A month after the start of the war, Boris Gomolko entered the service in the 520 th Fighter Aviation Regiment, commanded by Major Stepan Nikitovich Chirva.

The regiment in August 1941 of the year was formed in Rybinsk (initially consisted of LaGG-3 planes, fighters having the naming of "grand pianos" or "irons" among the pilots). The regiment began the war on the Volkhov front, and since mid-April 1942, it was based in the Saratov region, in the village of Balanda. Here, the 520-iap is equipped with the Yak-1 aircraft, including improved and faster vehicles. Accordingly, the retraining of flight crews on the new Yakis also takes place.

Already in the first days of September, the 1942, the 520 th regiment, flies to Kamyshin city, near Stalingrad, at Vihlyantsevo Airport. The task assigned to the pilots of the Supreme Commander is serious enough: to keep the enemy army on the outskirts of Stalingrad, to prevent the German troops from reaching Kamyshin, that is, to the Volga.

Despite the fact that the war had already lasted more than a year, the Germans still held air supremacy. The Soviet aviation units needed more airplanes, young pilots - graduates of aviation schools and colleges - sometimes they lacked combat experience. And working out methods of piloting, air battles, navigator training and flights in the group - all this had to be worked out at advanced, front-line airfields, directly in combat ...

The Vihlyantsevo regiment together with the 431-IAP and 563-IAP is part of the 283 Air Division. The divisional commander, Colonel V. A. Kitaev, gives the order to cover Kamyshin with couples for several days: this allowed the entire technical staff to pull up onto the airfield, while the pilots could get acquainted in detail with the area of ​​future military operations and conduct airborne training.

On September 7, the command received instructions to relocate to the Altukhovo airfield (located only 7 kilometers from the command post of the 16 Air Army).


Group of pilots from the 520 th Fighter Aviation Regiment


And the next day can be restored in some detail from the descriptions of eyewitnesses. Major Chirva flew with the first group of aircraft in the 11 area around one o'clock in the morning, brought them to Altukhovo, and followed the second division. When approaching Vihlyantsevo, Chirva heard the rumble of German bombers approaching the aircraft - there were ten Heinkels-111s in total, at the height of 2000-2500 meters: they flew to bomb Kamyshin.

The decision of Chirva was made instantly - to attack the enemy. The order of the group commander (consisting of ten planes) to start the pursuit of German bombers by a “right turn with climb”. The first Heinkel was shot down by Major Chirva himself, and seeing such a rapid onslaught of Soviet aviation, the Germans did not stand up and turned around, having lost their combat order, randomly flew back.

Soviet pilots, however, continued to attack. Senior sergeant Boris Gomolko boldly rushed to the attack, shot down one plane, and even having spent all the ammunition, he did not leave the battle. Heading toward the second bomber, he comes close to him and he cuts off his tail. Another Heinkel goes to the ground ...

The plane of Boris Gomolko himself suddenly begins to fall apart right in the air, and the hero has no choice but to leave the flight machine by parachute.

Interestingly, this feat Gomolko is not exhausted. Down on the ground, he sees as close to him - just as two parachutes descended on parachutes. The reaction of Boris was lightning-one German he immediately kills a pistol. The second Gomolko captures and leads to his unit.

For some reason, in different sources, different discrepancies concerning how much Boris Mefodevich has captured a man write that he alone has almost captured a group of German officers. For example, the front-line correspondent of the newspaper Krasnaya Zvezda N. N. Denisov in his book 1418 days of the front-line correspondent writes: “We were present at the interrogation of one of these pilots, the lieutenant. The squadron in which he served, suffered more than three hundred percent loss - its composition has recently been updated three times by aircraft and crews. Of the other prisoners of the Hitlerites, I remember Ober-Lieutenant ... a red-haired fellow with a fleshy face and running watery eyes. He said: "We did not think that the Russians would be so stubborn."

Feat pilot Boris Gomolko


September 13 The pilot Boris Gomolko was awarded the rank of lieutenant to 1942, and he was awarded the Order of Lenin.

After spending a few days in the infirmary, Gomolko again flies up in the air on an airplane, already in the new post of flight commander. And continues combat sorties, knocking down the next enemy bombers. However, unfortunately, the hero did not have long to fight ...

Order №247 People's Commissar of Defense of the USSR

about courage and courage shown by the 2 th squadron of the 520 th fighter air regiment by senior sergeant B. Gomolko in aerial combat


No.0759 10 September 1942

8 September 1942. At the height of 2500, a group of 520 Fighter Fighter Aviation Regiment met 10 X-111 bombers.

Senior Sergeant Gomolko Boris Mefodievich, making his first combat flight, crashes into their ranks and fires machine guns and cannons to shoot down one He-111, in subsequent attacks, having spent all the ammunition, went on a ram of another bomber.

A propeller and a motor chop off the tail of the Xe-111, causing the enemy's bomber to collapse in the air and fall.

Senior Sergeant Gomolko, landing on a parachute, prepared to meet the Nazi pilots descending on parachutes, while trying to resist them, shot one pilot, and captured the other.

Tov. Gomolko, as the true son of his homeland, showed exceptional heroism and courage.

This heroic deed com. Gomolko confirms once again that who, sparing no effort, despising death, selflessly shows courage, resilience, courage and heroism, he always seeks victory over the enemy.

It is a matter of honor and valor of the entire flight personnel of the Air Force of the Red Army - to beat the fascist air pirates, as their senior sergeant Gomolko beats.

I order:

For their courage and bravery in aerial combat with ten Xe-111 bombers to the pilot of the 2 squadron of the 520 th Fighter Regiment, Senior Sergeant Gomolko Boris Mefodievich assign an extraordinary military title of “Lt.” and I’t use the speed of the “L” command and I’t use the speed of the “L” command and I didn’t use the speed of the “L” command and I didn’t use the speed of the first line of the “fighter squadron” of the 283 Fighter Aviation Regiment. Gomolko to the government award.

Order to read the entire staff of the Air Force of the Red Army.

Deputy People's Commissar of Defense of the USSR Lieutenant-General Aviation Novikov

RGVA, f. 4, op. 11, d. 72, l. 433-434. Script.


In military sources there is a confusion with the date of death of Boris Mefodievich. The fact is that his namesake, also a pilot, Alexander Gomolko died at the Kursk Bulb 12 in July 1943. The hero of our story died 24 September 1942 of the year.

On this day, on the next combat mission (also not far from Stalingrad) together with the 563 iap pilots, Gomolko confronted a squad of twenty German Me-109 fighters. In the course of a hard fight, Boris Mefodievich is seriously wounded, but he nevertheless manages to land his plane. The pilot’s injury, however, was so serious that the doctors of the hospital, where an ambulance car quickly brought him from the crash site, could do nothing: Boris Gomolko dies.

Gomolko was buried in Altukhovo, near the sanatoria located here during the war years. Later, in the 70-s, the remains of Boris Mefodievich and other fighters were reburied in a mass grave of Soviet soldiers of the October settlement, in the Volgograd region ...

Reburial of the remains of the pilot in the village of Oktyabrsky, Olkhovsky district of the Volgograd region
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  1. cth; fyn
    cth; fyn April 4 2013 09: 58 New
    +6
    A man is cool, no one can catch a bullet and land a plane, eternal glory to the Hero!
  2. Nagaibak
    Nagaibak April 4 2013 10: 02 New
    +4
    "In the 30s of the last century, many Kharkiv newspapers with a certain pathos and enthusiasm characteristic of the Soviet press wrote about the opening of the first All-Ukrainian flying club in the southern republic."
    Interestingly, and now how much is left from Soviet times? And even more interesting is how many are newly created? And here too ... I wonder how much is left. How much is created, you can not ask. With pathos ... eva out like ... but how else was it to write. There was nothing, but here they created an aero club !!! And now there is no money for anything. Youth was then engaged and young people saw that they had an advanced country. Therefore, they fought in the war for it, accomplished feats. And B. Gomolko himself was handsome ... he also figured out the crew. The article is good, but it seems to me that the introduction was somewhat unsuccessful. The author noted this fact from a position of today. And then ... then everything was first and again, hence the delight and pathos.
  3. Snoop
    Snoop April 4 2013 10: 45 New
    +6
    The article is a plus, but the irony about pathos and enthusiasm at the beginning of the article is also incomprehensible.
    I think if in my area they opened a free flying club for young people and established a scholarship for mastering flight business without interruption from production or study ... local newspapers would write with no less pathos and enthusiasm.
  4. Prapor Afonya
    Prapor Afonya April 4 2013 11: 00 New
    +2
    Glory to the Heroes, recent fascist invaders trample our Motherland, Glory to the Victors !!!
  5. Black
    Black April 4 2013 11: 09 New
    +3
    In the 70s I studied at the Oktyabrskaya school for several years. At the site of the airfield near Altukhov, we boys found a lot of "interesting" things at that time. And somewhere in 77 they found a whole dugout - abandoned, as if recently. The school has a very nice museum of the 16th Air Army.
    The reburial took place in May 75, the 30th anniversary of the victory. A monument was erected. On May 9, in the year 75, more than two hundred veteran pilots gathered in the village. Then still so young ....
    On the photo - May 9, 2010.
  6. avt
    avt April 4 2013 14: 26 New
    +1
    Quote: Chen
    . On May 9, in the year 75, more than two hundred veteran pilots gathered in the village. Then still so young ....
    On the photo - May 9, 2010.

    good THANKS for remembering! And honor the memory! Meaning life was given not in vain.
    1. Black
      Black April 4 2013 19: 40 New
      +1
      Quote: avt
      THANKS for remembering

      We need to say this thanks to THEM, to those to whom we owe.
  7. Sirocco
    Sirocco April 4 2013 14: 31 New
    +1
    Yeah, live and learn. I did not know about such a feat, and about this man. No worse than Gastelo.
  8. dmitry46
    dmitry46 April 4 2013 17: 00 New
    +1
    And how many more heroes lie in the ground .... Heroes of which we do not know ...
    On the example of such People it is necessary to educate our youth !!! Eternal memory and eternal glory to the heroes who defeated fascism !!!
  9. redwar6
    redwar6 April 5 2013 00: 07 New
    0
    Wow, this is a man .. It’s a pity that such people die ..
  10. Elena Kotok
    Elena Kotok April 6 2013 00: 03 New
    0
    Unfortunately, Philip Horvat forgot to indicate that the article "The Feat of Pilot Boris Gomolko" was published in the magazine "Aviation and Cosmonautics" # 9 2012 and with additional photos on the site "Red Falcons".
    http://airaces.narod.ru/all9/gomolko.htm