Military Review

Abdullah Ocalan: Goodbye, Weapon!

22
In early January, a Turkish court sentenced forty Kurds who were accused of membership in the “city wing” of the Kurdistan Workers' Party and sentenced to large prison terms: from six to seventeen years. A few days later, there were reports in the press that the Turkish government together with the imprisoned PKK leader Abdullah Ocalan amounted to plan to end a protracted conflict. According to the plan, people from the PKK will lay down weapon in exchange for granting broader rights to the Kurdish minority, freeing activists sent to prison, securing in the new constitution the principle of the identity of the Kurdish nation. At the same time, representatives of the Party of Peace and Democracy, actively supporting the Kurds, said: before negotiating the cessation of hostilities, the Turkish authorities must release Comrade Ocalan.




Advances in peace negotiations began last year. Exactly a year ago, a strategy to resolve the conflict was made public. The main role, as a negotiator, was to be played here by the Peace and Democracy Party represented in the Majlis. Wherein rejected participation in the negotiations of Öcalan. But after the prisoners Kurds held an 2012-day hunger strike in prisons in the fall of 67, the balance of negotiations changed. The fact is that it was Ocalan who put an end to the hunger strike: he appealed to the protesters to stop it. Since then, the Turkish government has recognized the authority of Ocalan among the Kurds. And the co-chairman of the Party of Peace and Democracy, Selyattin Demirtas, lucidly explained that if the PKK leader is able to stop the hunger strike with one word, it means that he can also urge the PKK to stop the armed conflict.

At the beginning of 2013, this opinion in Turkey was not shared by everyone. For example, Sinan Ulgen, chairman of the Center for Economic and Foreign Policy Studies (EDAM) in Istanbul, pointed outthat the Turkish leadership is not at all confident that Ocalan will be able to persuade other leaders and PKK members to abandon the armed struggle. For his part, Ocalan also had to strongly doubt that the Turkish government was really interested in more than the simple disarmament of the PKK.

Nevertheless, it was Abdullah Ocalan who was the man who March 21 She urged their comrades to abandon hostilities and terrorist methods and move to peace negotiations with Turkey. “Guns should be silent, and politicians should come to the fore,” it was noted in the statement of Ocalan. He was read aloud by one of the Kurdish leaders in Diyarbakir, the unofficial capital of Turkish Kurdistan. The speech of the leaders of the PKK was timed to the holiday of Navruz.

It became clear from Ocalan’s speech that he supported the withdrawal of Kurdish armed units from the territory of Turkey: “Now is the time when our Armed Forces have better leave the borders of the country. This is not the end. This is the beginning of a new era. ”

Above the stage in Diyarbakir, where Öcalan’s message was read, a huge poster hung: “Democratic solution, freedom for our leader Ocalan!” People brought other posters: “In peace, like in war, we are with you, leader!”

Murat Etkin, Editor-in-Chief, Hurriyet Daily News пишетThat a solution to the Kurdish problem in Turkey could make Erdogan’s rule similar to the abolition of Lincoln’s slavery in America.

Up to two million people listened to Ocalan’s address in Diyarbakir. A huge field on the outskirts of the city was decorated with Kurdish flags and banners of the PKK. People were dressed in national costumes and in the form of Kurdish partisans. All activities were conducted in Kurdish.

On the field, according to RIA News", more than 600 journalists gathered, representatives of diplomatic missions and public organizations came here. In addition to local residents, Kurds from Syria, Iran, Iraq and European countries gathered in Diyarbakir.

“We say that we are tired of fighting and want our husbands and sons to return home. They themselves really want this. Erdogan is by far the best premier. We supported him and will continue to support him in the peace process, ”the RIA correspondent told“News»One of those present. Almost all those who gathered said that for the successful continuation of the peace process, Ocalan, who is serving a life sentence, must be granted amnesty.

“More than anything, we want peace. We still do not fully believe Erdogan and the government. We support the peace process, but we are moving closer to caution, ”said one of the Kurds.

On the same day, following the appeal of Ocalan, a video message appeared in the network, probably recorded in the Iraqi rebel camp. He was read by the field commander of the Kurdistan Workers Party, Murat Karailan. “Starting from 21 March and on, we, as a movement, like the PKK, officially and clearly declare a cease-fire,” cited his Reuters.

This consistent step in the execution of a convicted leader by the Kurds proves the strength of authority that Ocalan has retained.

The Kurdish leader’s statement came in history. how считает Olga Zhigalina, Doctor of History, Orientalist, will change the situation in the region: “Such a proposal will contribute to stabilization in the region, at least in connection with the events on the Turkish-Syrian border and the tension that Turkey is creating in Syria. Historically, Syrian Kurds were thought to have an impact on the Kurdish situation in Turkey. The statement of Ocalan will, of course, contribute to the pacification of the region. ”

Editor-in-Chief, Hurriyet Daily News пишетthat the cease-fire agreement is likely to occur in exchange for the broad constitutional rights for 15 of millions of Kurds in Turkey, as well as the release of thousands of detainees accused of having links with the PKK. Probably, Ocalan will call for the creation of a commission to ensure the safe passage of the fighters of his party to Northern Iraq. The ceasefire will test Ocalan’s influence over the Kurdistan Workers Party, the analyst said. The newspaper also reminds that, as a sign of goodwill, the Workers Party of Kurdistan released 8 Turkish prisoners who had been hostage for about two years in the mountains of Kandil in northern Iraq.

Prime Minister R. T. Erdogan responded to the statements of Erdogan and Karailan the next day. According to the Turkish newspaper Sabah, the Prime Minister of Turkey saidthat the Turkish military will end operations against Kurdish militants if they stop fighting. “I hope that this will take effect as soon as possible,” Erdogan said regarding the appeal for a cease-fire.

It should be noted that R.T. Erdogan, who next year intends to participate in presidential elections as a candidate from the Justice and Development Party, by concluding an agreement with Ocalan and the PKK, and, most importantly, establishing peace in the country (recall that the conflict between Turkey and The PKK claimed forty thousand lives since 1984, it can get huge political dividends. It is unlikely that the PKK will break the promise of a cease-fire made by 21 in March: the Kurds are counting on the release of their leader. He himself is also set to cooperate with Erdogan: it is time for the will.

Observed and translated by Oleg Chuvakin
- especially for topwar.ru
22 comments
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  1. bubla5
    bubla5 28 March 2013 08: 29 New
    +1
    Why do we need it
    1. Papakiko
      Papakiko 28 March 2013 09: 02 New
      +1
      Quote: bubla5
      Why do we need it

      This is the flip side of the Syria polyhedron.

      Where, how does Bashar al-Assad feel there from Mon. not audible, invisible, worried.
      1. Ascetic
        Ascetic 28 March 2013 10: 34 New
        +3
        Quote: Papakiko
        Where, how does Bashar al-Assad feel there from Mon. not audible, invisible, worried.


        Syrian President Bashar al-Assad met on Wednesday in Damascus with members of the government commission for the implementation of the program for a political settlement of the crisis, demanding that ministers “redouble their efforts” in this important area of ​​work.
        link

        1. Papakiko
          Papakiko 28 March 2013 16: 47 New
          0
          Quote: Ascetic
          met on Wednesday

          Stanislav, with all due respect.
          But where is Assad?
          Even more anxiety has just become.
        2. Lord of the Sith
          Lord of the Sith 28 March 2013 17: 00 New
          +2
          But about the camps in Turkey

  2. Nesvet Nezar
    Nesvet Nezar 28 March 2013 09: 20 New
    0
    I am against separatism. This is the fuss of the specific princes. Nazism and internationalism are two sides of the same coin. Assimilation is the engine of progress and the fuel of history.
  3. 120352
    120352 28 March 2013 09: 32 New
    +1
    It is very convenient to negotiate with the leader of an organization in prison. Moreover, the prison is Turkish. In terms of the severity of the content, it is inferior, perhaps, to Russian. A little bit wrong - needles under the nails - and agreed.
    In general, the immediate fate of the Russians is very similar to the fate of the Kurds. Aliens in their own land, and those and others.
    1. Beck
      Beck 28 March 2013 19: 06 New
      +4
      Quote: 120352
      It is very convenient to negotiate with the leader of an organization in prison.


      Personal opinion. Ocalan is not the leader in his personal qualities. And he chose the prison himself.

      I remember those times when Kurdish suicide bombers blew up bombs, and not only in Turkey. And sent 17 year old youths to death are named Ocalan, explaining this to the future freedom and independence of Kurdistan.

      When the Turkish special services arrested Ocalan and a trial began over him, which could end in a death sentence. Ocalan forgot about his appeals, forgot about the young men sent to them for death, and below he asked the court to leave him his life. At least for life, but life. Though in prison, but to live.

      There is no need to die with dignity for the principles announced by him, so Ocalan began to cling to his own skin. He betrayed the ideals of freedom and the millennial aspirations of his people.

      It is like generals in medieval Europe. First, thousands of people are thrown into battle and to death, when it is their own turn, they proudly smashed their swords on the knee and surrendered.
      1. Yarbay
        Yarbay 28 March 2013 22: 55 New
        0
        Quote: Beck
        Personal opinion. Ocalan is not the leader in his personal qualities. And he chose the prison himself.

        I agree!
        Plus he has very low moral qualities!
        Quote: Beck

        When the Turkish special services arrested Ocalan and a trial began over him, which could end in a death sentence.

        When he was arrested in Turkey there was already a moratorium on the death penalty, even in my opinion it was already lifted!
        Quote: Beck
        And he sent 17 year old youths to death specifically Ocalan, explaining this to the future freedom and independence of Kurdistan.
        Not only boys but also girls !!
        Plus, there are online immoral performances!
        1. Beck
          Beck 28 March 2013 23: 16 New
          +2
          Quote: Yarbay
          Plus, there are online immoral performances!


          I inaccurately wrote in the top comment. When the trial began, Ocalan forgot about the principles of a fighter and made proposals to the Turkish government for cooperation. Like if I stay relatively free I will turn the Kurdish movement on a peaceful footing. And this is after he sent people to death. He was still sent to prison. And now Ocalan killed those young men and women for the second time. For the first time physically, now he abused their memory. Turkey, of course, plus its appeal to the militants to end the armed struggle. But where are the principles and its former uncompromisingness.
        2. Vlad1406
          Vlad1406 8 May 2013 10: 05 New
          0
          Could you post these "immoral" performances here?
      2. Vlad1406
        Vlad1406 8 May 2013 10: 40 New
        0
        Ocalan forgot about his appeals, forgot about the young men sent to him by death, and below he asked the court to leave him his life

        Where did you read that? Not Ocalan asked the court to save his life, but the EU forced Turkey to commute the death sentence to life imprisonment.
        In addition, in an interview with the journalist of the Turkish television channel Kanal D, the US ambassador to Turkey, Francis Rekardion, said that the United States handed Abdullah Ocalan to the Turkish authorities, setting the condition for Ankara to save his life at all costs.
        1. Beck
          Beck 8 May 2013 10: 52 New
          0
          Quote: Vlad1406
          Where did you read that? Not Ocalan asked the court to save his life


          But here it is not necessary. I then closely followed the process of arrest, escort and the trial. Even before the trial, Ocalan declared, like I’m still useful for the pacification of the Kurdish rebel movement.

          Turkey could have executed, and Europe did not have a decree for it, Turkey has its own criminal code. But Turkey acted farsighted out of its own interests. Here is the conceited and cowardly Ocalan and came in handy. Officially, the whole world called on its supporters to cease hostilities. And the Kurdish militants, around 2000, now leave the territory of Turkey, go to Iraq.

          And where are his principles, and for which he sent the young men to death, if he himself was not ready to die for his ideals.
          1. Vlad1406
            Vlad1406 8 May 2013 18: 57 New
            0
            Did he say something wrong? Ocalan is a visionary politician, he was right when he declared that he could put an end to the war. Is it possible to blame him for wanting to end the war?
            He continues to be an ideal for the Kurds, yes, maybe not all, but still.
            Now Ocalan is not in a hopeless situation, but Turkey (after an unsuccessful anti-Syrian policy) and she needs the help of Ocalan, and not him.
            He had a good opportunity to show his leadership qualities.
            We will observe the events in Turkey and see how it all ends. I hope the Kurds will cease to be considered second-class citizens and, for starters, will receive their cultural rights, and then the right to create Kurdish autonomy.
            And Ocalan can wish good luck and speedy release.
            1. Beck
              Beck 8 May 2013 21: 01 New
              0
              Quote: Vlad1406
              Did he say something wrong?


              A simple example from medieval Europe. There is a battle. The commander sends thousands of people to death with high words of call. His army is defeated. The commander is surrounded. It was his turn to follow his own words. So no, with a proud look, he breaks his sword against his knee and surrenders. And thousands of those whom he sent lie dead.

              Vlasov and Powels from the same breed. They would shoot themselves. So they gave up. And not just surrendered, but collaborated with the enemy.
    2. fuad777
      fuad777 April 1 2013 22: 51 New
      +1
      Did you sleep there? Have you heard enough of Zhirinovsky? Or remember the midnight express?
  4. Alex45
    Alex45 28 March 2013 10: 03 New
    +4
    Perhaps if Turkey wants to take part in an open invasion of Syria, then in this way the leadership is trying to remove the threat of guerrilla action within its country and a war on two fronts.
    1. Papakiko
      Papakiko 28 March 2013 10: 19 New
      0
      Quote: Alex45
      if Turkey wants to take part in an open invasion of Syria

      Or from its territory will openly "NATO peacekeepers" begin to spread "peace" across Syria
    2. stalkerwalker
      stalkerwalker 29 March 2013 00: 24 New
      +4
      All right
      Why does Erdogan need a real 5 column when the final drama in Syria with the participation of Turkey is brewing.
      They promised a good carrot ....
      And 2 million Kurds - this is not Swamp
      winked
  5. wk
    wk 28 March 2013 11: 31 New
    +1
    when Ajalan was tried, there were a lot of TV reports .... and even then he renounced a lot, it was clear that he was broken ..... he was afraid of "vyshaka", but in Turkey he could be spotted ..... now , when additional forces are needed to overthrow Bashar, they took out a piano from the bushes, and it is clear that they finally broke him in the zone ... he did not turn out to be a Kurdish CheGevar ...
    1. Vlad1406
      Vlad1406 8 May 2013 19: 03 New
      0
      CheGevara, not CheGevara, time will tell.
      Did he disown something? To argue on this topic, you need to read at least one of his last books. I recommend reading it, then it will become clear that Ocalan is not just a leader who raised a rebellion against the Turkish authorities, but also a philosopher who is not inferior to Aristotle.
  6. lechatormosis
    lechatormosis 28 March 2013 14: 09 New
    0
    Yes, it seems the Turks did a good job of him in the photo. I DO NOT SEE THIS REAL ADJALAN - this is his gray copy.
    1. Gari
      Gari 28 March 2013 16: 32 New
      -1
      Quote: lehatormoz
      Yes, it seems the Turks did a good job of him in the photo. I DO NOT SEE THIS REAL ADJALAN - this is his gray copy.

      They didn’t stuff it with something, some eyes were not the same and not his own
    2. Gari
      Gari 28 March 2013 16: 32 New
      0
      Quote: lehatormoz
      Yes, it seems the Turks did a good job of him in the photo. I DO NOT SEE THIS REAL ADJALAN - this is his gray copy.

      They didn’t stuff it with something, some eyes were not the same and not his own
    3. Gari
      Gari 28 March 2013 16: 32 New
      0
      Quote: lehatormoz
      Yes, it seems the Turks did a good job of him in the photo. I DO NOT SEE THIS REAL ADJALAN - this is his gray copy.

      They didn’t stuff it with something, some eyes were not the same and not his own
    4. Gari
      Gari 28 March 2013 16: 33 New
      0
      Quote: lehatormoz
      Yes, it seems the Turks did a good job of him in the photo. I DO NOT SEE THIS REAL ADJALAN - this is his gray copy.

      They didn’t stuff it with something, some eyes were not the same and not his own
    5. Gari
      Gari 28 March 2013 16: 33 New
      0
      Quote: lehatormoz
      Yes, it seems the Turks did a good job of him in the photo. I DO NOT SEE THIS REAL ADJALAN - this is his gray copy.

      They didn’t stuff it with something, some eyes were not the same and not his own
    6. Yarbay
      Yarbay 28 March 2013 23: 01 New
      -1




      These are the shots immediately after the capture of Ocalan!
      here he says that he has a Turkish mother and he wishes the brotherly Turkish people peace and prosperity, the commando asks what is bothering him, he answers the stomach))))
      The commandos says not to worry and not afraid that they are responsible for his safety!
    7. Yarbay
      Yarbay 28 March 2013 23: 11 New
      -2
      Quote: lehatormoz
      Yes, it seems the Turks did a good job of him in the photo. I DO NOT SEE THIS REAL ADJALAN - this is his gray copy.

      And what has changed in it?)))))

      Here is an interesting video !!
      Here the words of Miteran’s wife are held that she is delighted with him !!
      Ocalan’s words at the trial as special services of the West armed him and instructed that he believes that he was used!
      And most importantly, his very first words, when he stood up in court and said that he would serve his state !!


  7. lechatormosis
    lechatormosis 28 March 2013 14: 10 New
    +1
    Yes, it seems the Turks did a good job of him in the photo. I DO NOT SEE THIS REAL ADJALAN - this is his gray copy.
  8. sprsnc
    sprsnc 28 March 2013 14: 13 New
    0
    Ocalan is no longer in authority with the Kurdish separatists.
  9. dropout
    dropout 28 March 2013 14: 24 New
    0
    We recently discussed the article "Kurdistan is like Poland ....." There were many reasonable opinions. So don't repeat yourself.
  10. Son
    Son 28 March 2013 21: 05 New
    0
    It would be necessary to have a new leader for the Kurds ... Yes, and "feed" their liberation movement ... Let Turkey have something to do, and not climb into Syria, Azerbaijan, Crimea, etc.
  11. Son
    Son 28 March 2013 21: 05 New
    0
    It would be necessary to have a new leader for the Kurds ... Yes, and "feed" their liberation movement ... Let Turkey have something to do, and not climb into Syria, Azerbaijan, Crimea, etc.
  12. Son
    Son 28 March 2013 21: 06 New
    0
    It would be necessary to have a new leader for the Kurds ... Yes, and "feed" their liberation movement ... Let Turkey have something to do, and not climb into Syria, Azerbaijan, Crimea, etc.
  13. Son
    Son 28 March 2013 21: 14 New
    0
    It would be necessary to have a new leader for the Kurds ... Yes, and "feed" their liberation movement ... Let Turkey have something to do, and not climb into Syria, Azerbaijan, Crimea, etc.
    1. Son
      Son 29 March 2013 09: 05 New
      0
      Sorry for the repetitions ... Someone's "obstruction" - the site suffered ...
    2. Vlad1406
      Vlad1406 8 May 2013 10: 02 New
      0
      Quote: Son
      It would be necessary, the new leader of the Kurds ...


      The leader of the Kurds is successfully doing his job. He is one of the few politicians who truly thinks soberly.


      Quote: Son
      It would be necessary to "feed" their liberation movement ... Let Turkey have something to do, and not climb into Syria, Azerbaijan, Crimea, etc.

      It would be more correct to learn to restrain the ambitions of an unwanted country than to feed the liberation movements. When former opponents make up the fools, only the "breadwinners" remain.
  14. wax
    wax 28 March 2013 21: 17 New
    0
    A very mixed decision Ocalan. But there are more degrees of freedom in freedom. I do not think that the Kurds will make peace with Erdogan against Assad.
    1. Geisenberg
      Geisenberg 29 March 2013 00: 19 New
      0
      Kurds will never make peace with Erdogan. They, unlike our politicians, have no illusions about this.
  15. wax
    wax 28 March 2013 21: 17 New
    0
    A very mixed decision Ocalan. But there are more degrees of freedom in freedom. I do not think that the Kurds will make peace with Erdogan against Assad.
  16. Geisenberg
    Geisenberg 29 March 2013 00: 15 New
    0
    Before making political statements, it would be nice to get out of jail. Or am I wrong?