Military Review

For disclosure - shooting. Soviet saboteurs in China and Korea

24
We can not give the name of the person we will tell about today. He asked for it himself. We confine ourselves to the name - Basil. More than half a century ago, the battalion commander summoned him and pointed to a lined piece of paper lying on the table.


- About where I was and what I did, never tell anyone. For the disclosure of military secrets - execution, relatives will be repressed. Sign that warned.

This subscription foreman gave several times, but usually the commanders called the period of nondisclosure - 25 years, and this time the battalion commander did not speak about the term. Therefore, it was necessary to keep that secret forever.

The frontline signaller still does not know whether he can talk about what the Soviet army was doing at the end of the 40s in China and Korea. But told ...

VOLUNTEERS WITH HUNGERS

October 20 1943, Vasily received a summons to the army, which was overwhelmingly pleased. Of course, they can kill at the front, but at least they feed there. He had not eaten a year since that day, as three thousand 16-year-old guys from Mordovia were loaded into the train and sent to Transbaikalia. The law was then - to recruit young people in factory schools without fail. Whether you like it or not, the Motherland orders!
They were warned at the military registration and enlistment office: they would not feed them on the way, so take food for a month from home. And what will you take when the war is in its second year? Crackers, perhaps.

Basil gnawed at them for a whole month until the train arrived in Ulan-Ude, the capital of the Buryat-Mongolian ASSR. On the shores of Lake Baikal, in the taiga near the station Mysovaya, “labor reserves”, the school FZO-4 was waiting for a shipbuilding plant evacuated from Kerch.

***



The plank plank beds in the barrack are covered only with an old mattress full of packed straw. But even he seems softer than a feather bed, when exactly at six in the morning the old master announces the rise for breakfast. I want to eat terribly, but nobody hurries to the dining room. Is it worth running for five spoons of empty balanda and a piece of bread made from un-picked oats?

At seven to work - to do the boats and small, six by two, board self-propelled barges with the strange name "Kawasaki." At lunch, the same balanda and remnants of 600-gram bread rations. I worked for twelve hours and you can go to your skinny mattress. Feed will no longer be.

In fact, Baikal is close by, you can catch fish, but the coast is constantly patrolled by soldiers. Is the fish guarded? So there is plenty of it, enough for everyone. Well at least a good master caught. He can beg the network for the night. The main thing is to beg to work with fellow countrymen on the night shift. The norm was quickly fulfilled, a flat-bottomed boat (specially made for this business) was dragged to the shore, and behind omul.

Throwed once, then swam back. They gave the master a net and his share of the catch, while they themselves went into the taiga, made a fire and fried fish over the coals, planted them on the rods. Oh, beauty! ... It's a pity that not every day.

***

Dreamed of the front. And not because they really wanted to fight the enemy. No, I just really wanted to eat. They fled to the front, hiding in the corners of freight trains and military echelons. The whole school knew about the shoots, the fugitives from the whole world gathered crackers for a long journey. All returned back except two, and even that is unknown: they reached the front, or simply froze to death on long hauls.

And finally, in October of 1943, an order was issued to call 26 of the year. An echelon arrived at the plant with new 16-year-old workers who were not even entitled to a salary. Who pays for tuition?

KAZARMA - PARADISE

Recruits were brought to Nizhneudinsk, to the 25-nd separate school of snipers. The number of almost division - sixteen battalions. And they taught for real. From six in the morning until eleven in the evening classes: drill (as without her in the army), the study of sniper rifles, shooting. Or the commander will show the area on the map: go there and disguise. I'll check back in an hour. Though you dig in the snow, climb a tree, but cover all the traces so that you cannot be seen in three steps.

They drove to the seventh sweat, but this is nothing. And that all three months without days off is also nothing. Winding to the shoes did not give out, for the foot wrappers snow stuffed? We will endure, we will survive. The main thing - how to feed! Ten times better than in FZO. Even give butter. The three-story barracks has three beds for three, but the wadded mattresses are covered with white sheets. Paradise!

Vasiliy, the three-line sniper and SVT self-recharging feed, mastered. In the class of hand-to-hand fighting, he learned how to work with techniques, with a pin and bayonet, to blind the enemy with a handful of sand thrown into his eyes.

Three months later, the 150 man was taken away, and the marching company went to the Tin station. They outfitted snipers in all new. They were waiting to be sent to the front, and here the “buyer” from Chita arrived, recruiting cadets to the training radio battalion.

Vasily studied Morse code for three more months, he learned to work on the radio. Reception, 120 characters per minute - excellent. This is if the plaintext. And if the radiogram is encrypted, then groups of five digits. You passed 20 groups in a minute and you can proudly wear the title of first class radio operator.

ON TURKEY?

9 August 1945, the cavalry group of General Pliyev crossed the border with Manchuria, to then pass without stopping almost 900 kilometers. The column, in which there were Mongolian horsemen, stretched from horizon to horizon. In the communications squadron, in the covered body of the lorry of the battalion radio station, Vasily did the same.

Daily per person for a mug of water. More than the foreman of the canister will not give a drop, water is needed for the radiator. And then there's the dry ration. To catch that quartermaster bastard that he invented: each soldier has a salted herring and a piece of sugar the size of a fist. The herring, of course, was immediately thrown away, and the sugar, casting a blue granite glitter, was chopped with an ax into small pieces, which were rolled in a dried mouth, silencing thirst. In the afternoon, the heat is greater than 50 degrees.

Then two days we crossed the mountain range of Greater Khingan. There is only a driver in the car, the rest are following on their own. No other way. In the eyes of Vasily, a Studebaker fell into the abyss and several tanks.

Reached the city of Jehe (kilometers in 120 from Beijing), Pliev sent envoys, the Japanese refused to surrender. Well there is no way. First, Katyushas zhahnuli, then the general built all: "Guys, let's go!"

That's about and smashed the Kwantung Army. The corps was brought back abroad, and soon Vasily received the medal "For Courage", although he did not seem to perform any special feats. Although, keeping in touch with fifty-degree heat is also a kind of feat.

The war with Japan was over, Pliev flew to Moscow, getting from the hands of Stalin the second star of the Hero. And after returning to the corps, rumors spread: let's go to Turkey, fight the Dardanelles, Turkey had Hitler's allies as well. Say, the Supreme General said so: "We will break up the Turks, and only then go home." Until January, 46 was waiting for the year, then the rumors somehow subsided by themselves.

GIVE PEKIN!

The 406 th Separate Red Banner Khingan Communications Regiment was based in Bain-Tumen, when civil war broke out against China in 1947. On the one hand, the troops of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, on the other - the revolutionary army of Mao Tse-tung. They drove each other across the country, with varying success.

At the end of 47, the revolutionary army firmly pressed two Chiang Kai-shek regiments. They had nowhere to go, so they retreated into Mongol territory. The border was marked only on the maps, and there was not a peg in the steppe itself, but the Soviet Union reacted to it instantly.

Nanjing's head of government, Chinese general Chiang Kai-shek (right), is sitting next to General Lung Yun, chairman of the government of Yunnan Province, in Nanjing, 27 Jun 1936 of the year.


If it were not for the units of the Red Army that surrounded Beijing, perhaps now the Chinese would have considered the national hero not Mao Tse-tung, but generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek.


The 406 th communications regiment was urgently deployed to the Chinese border. Of course, telecom operators are not the most formidable force, but the fact of the matter is that it was supported by all army artillery. And so supported that the infantry did not have to do anything at all. Chiang Kai-shekists simply burned with Katyush fire.

After this operation, Vasily for the first time gave a non-disclosure subscription.

In order to have at least some idea of ​​the situation on Chinese territory, our command constantly sent reconnaissance groups across the border. Vasily got into one of them. Task: covertly dive into 10-20 kilometers and find out whose troops are currently controlling the border area.

Dressed in a civilian, documents and awards handed over. Separate order: captive not to surrender, but if you already got, not a word about who and where. Keep quiet, even if you will torture. And it is better to pre-pack one cartridge for yourself. They are ripping off their captives alive.

Automatic, pistol in a holster, ammunition - how much you will carry. And necessarily landing Finn. Vasily owes her life to her. At that time, already returning home, the scouts stopped to rest in the bush between the hills. The Chinese crept completely silently, hoping to take the Russian soldiers alive. Saved only by the fact that someone had time to notice a strange silhouette flashed through the bushes.

Short fight - our six, there are twice as many. A pair of short bursts at close range, and melee. Vasily did not even have time to pull his “TT” out of its holster, as he received a butt in the shoulder. This is where the training received in the sniper school came in handy. Snatching a knife, he threw it into the body of the enemy, not even having time to think that for the first time in his life he was killing a man. There was no time to think - either you or you. Then he stabbed one more.
Two returned to part of the six people, the rest were left lying on Chinese soil in shallow graves, not marked with a cross or a sign. And Vasily once again gave a non-disclosure subscription.

In late August, the regiment 49 th again raised the alarm. Chiang Kai-shek's army either took Beijing, or was about to do it. In short, the "fraternal Chinese people" urgently needed help from the Red Army. And he got it.

Several Soviet divisions crossed the border, reached the Chinese capital by forced marches and surrounded the city. There was no order to fight. Vasily certainly did not know what was decided at the top, but on October 1 Mao Tse-tung declared Soviet power in China, and the Soviet troops left China. Now forever.

ON THE REASONS OF THE AMERICAN ARMY

After the victory over Japan, the territory of Korea was divided in two along the 38 parallel. To the north - the zone of influence of the Soviet troops, south - the US. The confrontation between the North and the South lasted five years and ended in a civil war. Officially, the Soviet troops did not participate in it, although the whole world knew that Russian pilots were fighting in the skies of Korea - the regiment of aces-fighters under the command of Kozhedub. About ground operations of the Soviet troops is still unknown almost nothing.

Shortly after the start of the war, Vasily and another signalman from the 406 regiment were summoned to the army headquarters and assigned to a special sabotage group, which had neither a number nor a name. She was commanded by a colonel, whose names Vasily did not know. There were 200 people in the group. Eight officers, the rest in rank not lower than sergeant. The saboteurs were based in the taiga, not far from the place where the borders of the USSR, China and Korea meet.

Sabotage group before departure to South KoreaOne day, the soldiers were ordered to change into civilian clothes, hand over documents and all personal belongings. Bags filled to the top with explosives and ammunition. Vasily from weapons only a pistol and a Finn, and behind its backstage the radio set of the Republic of Belarus is 26 kilograms, plus four spare batteries of two kilos each. Almost every compass.

Boarding, open hatch, leap into the dark, parachute canopy overhead. When everyone gathered after landing, the commander announced the task: to go through the rear of the American and South Korean troops through the entire peninsula, to the port of Pusan, blowing up bridges, disrupting communications and other communications.

In the afternoon we went east, hiding in a forest belt, in the evening the commander set the task for several small groups, they left at night, returned a few hours later and the group moved on. Several times Vasily heard a distant rumble, saw a distant glow of explosions. The day passed on 30-40 kilometers. Once a week, we camped in the forest to get some rest.

Every day he set up his walkie-talkie, first for reception, then for transmission. He doesn’t know what kind of information he aired. They were so well known from the radio group of five digits - encryption.

In order not to burden themselves with excess weight, they took nothing at all from the products. Fed at the expense of the local population. We went to some village and just took what was needed. Peasants, seeing weapons in the hands of aliens, preferred not to argue.

The Americans probably understood that a well-prepared commando group was operating in their rear areas, but for the time being everything was calm: no pursuit, no shelling. Only once did American bombers appear in the sky - “flying fortresses” and dropped several bombs with napalm nearby. This terrible sight Vasily will remember all his life: from the earth to the sky there is a solid wall of fire. The trees burned like matches — in a split second, even the ground burned. Whether the bombardment was accidental or whether the enemy is already on the trail of the squadron is unknown. But still scary.

One day, when nothing was left to the port of Pusan, and the explosives were almost completely spent, the scouts returned with unpleasant news: the group was surrounded on all sides by a dense ring of American troops. The colonel ordered Vasily several times to contact the headquarters, sent and received several encrypted radiograms. Having taken all-round defense, the detachment waited two days for an order.

For disclosure - shooting. Soviet saboteurs in China and Korea
American soldiers are allies in 1945, enemies in 1950


Finally, the commander decided to break through with the battle. At night, having opened heavy fire from all trunks, it was possible to break through a narrow corridor. We rushed into it and came under cross fire of machine guns. Basil fled, barely seeing the silhouettes of his comrades in front of him, several times almost fell, stumbling over someone's motionless bodies. Her breath ran off on the run, the walkie-talkie hurt painfully on the shoulder blades. Palnuv a couple of times in the darkness of a pistol, Basil decided to save the remaining cartridges. Who knows what?

Seventy people left the encirclement. The rest, including all the officers of the detachment, were either killed or captured. Then the group was led in turn, guided by a compass, to the north. Finally they came to a railway station, plunged into the cars and ordered the driver to go to the Soviet border.

For this operation, none of the surviving participants was awarded.

***

After the start of Perestroika, when they began to talk openly about what was scary to think about before, Vasily Petrovich sent an inquiry to the Central Archive of the Ministry of Defense just in case. So, just in case: find out whether the security classification has already been removed from the events in which he participated. In response, TsAMO stated: "The military unit No. ..., which you requested, did not take part in the hostilities."
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  1. lechatormosis
    lechatormosis 27 March 2013 08: 41
    +2
    I would like to rummage around in the American archives.
    1. JonnyT
      JonnyT 27 March 2013 09: 36
      +4
      If we don’t have ours, they’ll lie in the Americans ...... the only light is the battle when leaving the encirclement, the rest is only indirect evidence. And the Americans will not put on display to the world evidence how they poked their faces in the dermo!)
      1. Explore
        Explore 27 March 2013 22: 19
        +4
        But they will gladly provide the bodies of the killed Soviet saboteurs! A good saboteur is the one who completed the task without being burnt. Failure of several bridges is not a feat, but the fact that a detachment of 200 souls fell into a "trap" and was destroyed can rather be counted as a failure. If this were so, the Yankees would certainly have provided the world with "evidence of Soviet intervention" and "the corpses of enemy saboteurs."
        And since this does not exist and we do not even know the author, it is from the category of "tales from the crypt".

        PS: Seriously, sabotage operations behind enemy lines are always carried out by disparate groups from four people (SAS) to a group (16 people, Special Operations Directorate of the GRU). Larger formations are easily detected by the enemy, so it’s better to send 10 small groups of 16-20 people each than one large group of 200. After all, the main thing for reconnaissance saboteurs is stealthiness. This is not infantry to go battalions. The writer is clearly not familiar with the specifics of sabotage work.

        The article is implausible, but I will refrain from minus. I am kind))).
        1. Krilion
          Krilion 28 March 2013 06: 05
          +1
          Quote: Explorar
          The article is implausible, but I will refrain from minus.



          similarly ... the number of subversive units as much as 200 bodies is very confusing ...
    2. nakaz
      nakaz 27 March 2013 16: 52
      0
      It sounds entertaining, but if true, then glory to the invisible heroes of the front line.
      1. Zynaps
        Zynaps 27 March 2013 20: 35
        +2
        sure sure. solid heroes of the invisible front. a sabotage group of 200 people in the army without a number and name, under the command of the colonel. it was necessary to make the lieutenant-general and establish a telepathic connection. Well, if only the OShS of a separate company of Special Forces were revered for the 50s. 120 people l / s, captain (major - maximum) commander. and in Port Arthur at the time of the war in Korea was the 93rd orn.

        inventors always create superfluous entities that are easily castrated by Occam's razor. after which the price of the news feed is predictable - one zilch.
    3. Zynaps
      Zynaps 27 March 2013 20: 20
      +2
      there is nothing to rummage there. the civil war in China is very fully described in historical literature and the help of the USSR is also indicated there. military advisers. moreover, they helped both sides: the Chinese Communists and the Kuomintang, while it had the left wing and Chiang Kai-shek was sane. even helped when China had three capitals at the same time. as soon as Chan lay down under the Americans and began to receive help from them, everything, krants. Mao associates gave all the captured weapons to the Kwantung Army and added advisers. none of our scouts were there - it's like parachuting a Negro in a blouse under Ryazan. in Korea, we fought, but only in the air. it is known. plus a number of advisers to the headquarters of large North Korean formations. well, there was no sense in our actions in ground operations either - then they were still trying to use soft methods to change Truman's doctrine and not to anger the Americans in vain. and Comrade Mao, on the contrary, expressed his displeasure to Comrade Stalin that the USSR, which had not yet recovered after the war with the Hitlerite European Union, was not sending its ground units to Korea.

      there fierce delirium is visible to the naked eye. after the first two paragraphs, the author of the text began to end haloperidol. it was then that the plot began to develop.
  2. Parabelum
    Parabelum 27 March 2013 09: 51
    +8
    An ambiguous article, there are some incomprehensible points to me:
    1. The first time I hear that soldiers patrolled Lake Baikal, and forbade their own to fish, which in principle did not prevent workers from punting to swim and fish with nets. It turns out badly patrolled?
    2. Reconnaissance of Chinese territory: they handed over the documents, dressed a citizen and went, please pay attention, it is happening in China, that is A maximum of 6 Europeans, and at least 1 (the author of the agenda), immediately become part of the civilian population, or are they used to it that Europeans go in groups?
    3. As a group of saboteurs who underwent special training, numbering 6 people, they were able to turn an enemy detachment of 12 people. Finding them only at a knife fight distance.
    Many questions...
    1. rubber_duck
      rubber_duck 27 March 2013 14: 30
      +5
      Yes it is jaundice. The typical journalistic style is guessed from the first lines. I call this "Speed-info". By the way, were they there in the sea for omul on a "specially made punt" went? Well, well ... There, at "Kazanka", which is one third - polystyrene, you can crumple.
    2. StolzSS
      StolzSS 28 March 2013 11: 50
      0
      This is northern China, there were about a million Russians and immigrants from old Russia, so Europeans weren’t such a wonder then ... as to how they missed and how it always happens and how it was missed, it’s quite possible considering how exhausting such raids are due to the peculiarities climate in that area ...
  3. carbofo
    carbofo 27 March 2013 09: 52
    +1
    How many more such stories are in the archives and memory of the participants, most of which we will never know.
    1. Zynaps
      Zynaps 27 March 2013 20: 08
      -1
      so who's bothering? You are knocking at any clinic for the mentally ill and an inquisitive researcher will begin to give out even more picky secret material for moderate bribes by the centners. I won’t be surprised if in these archives there are materials about secret raids on the rear of the green men from Alpha Centauri.
  4. savoj
    savoj 27 March 2013 10: 29
    -1
    It’s a pity that even now all this is hiding, true or false. But in any case, the Cold War began. After all, the Americans realized who was blowing them up at night. On both sides of the garbage, the authorities engaged and shared the world.
    And the military are just heroes, on both sides.
    ..... 3. As a group of saboteurs who underwent special training, numbering 6 people, they were able to turn an enemy detachment of 12 people. Finding them only at a knife fight distance ......
    Yes, I just ran into the same finger made, it’s interesting that they counted them at night .... 12 people. Therefore, somehow I can’t believe all this.
  5. Hort
    Hort 27 March 2013 11: 39
    0
    it was necessary to gouge the Maoists for the company) And put your own.

    In general, it was very interesting to read, I did not hear about help to the Chinese in the late forties. I only know that we first and foremost delivered weapons ...
    Article +
    1. dropout
      dropout 27 March 2013 13: 23
      0
      Quote: hort
      I did not hear about help to the Chinese in the late forties.

      Read a book written by Yuri Vlasov on the diaries of his father.
      "Special Region of China" You will learn a lot of interesting things.
  6. pogis
    pogis 27 March 2013 11: 53
    +2
    About life in the rear, it’s true. About training in training, it’s true. The rest is false! I won’t say that Americans could not find and destroy a group in 200 when they dominated the air! Think about what kind of show they would have arranged having gotten into his own hands almost one and a half hundred bodies and prisoners of European appearance?
    1. dropout
      dropout 27 March 2013 13: 44
      0
      Quote: pogis
      About life in the rear, really


      The truth is true. But the author writes about this with condemnation, and after all there was a war and there was no other way out. Only the most severe discipline could mobilize the country. And everyone was starving. At the end of the war I was 5 years old, I remember my grandmother baking cakes with hemp seed, and already joy.
      1. pogis
        pogis 27 March 2013 18: 58
        0
        My grandmother told me about cakes from quinoa! She was 15 years old when she was taken to, as she said to the labor army! What were you doing? Forest fell! Some girls! It was in Vyatka (Kirov region)! She ran away home! Her mother a year in the underground she hid. A policeman came for a day a day later, he was looking for her! And the war went west stopped coming!
    2. rapira99
      rapira99 28 March 2013 00: 00
      0
      And why did you decide that they were of a EUROPEAN appearance? We have few different nationalities?
  7. Jarserge
    Jarserge 27 March 2013 11: 54
    +2
    After being wounded he worked in the military registration and enlistment office, Just with the veterans. I had many such heroes. And on the Korean War and others. All were so "classified" .... Banal dreamers, and there are too many inconsistencies in this story. But there was one person whose fantastic story turned out to be completely true confirmed by archival documents. However, even a story that looked fantastic. was in line with the main events. True, I had to carry on correspondence with the archives of the British Defense Ministry through the Foreign Office. Here, in my opinion, is a pure combat fantasy ...
  8. Igarr
    Igarr 27 March 2013 13: 36
    +2
    I will not touch Vasily. I do not know him and did not even talk to him.
    But about the author - Mikhail Ishenin - there are such "doubts".
    Deep such doubts.
    And as a result of doubts and a sabotage group half a battalion - there is a suspicion that the article is clearly advertising in nature.
    Yes, even with this the author could not cope - ".. At night, opening heavy fire from all the barrels, it was possible to break through a narrow corridor. They rushed into it and fell under machine gun crossfire. . At night?
    Well, well .... the friendly fire is the friendly fire that's when it started. The Americans, who have not forgotten the experience of the war, thrashed each other. In the dark.
    .
    Not serious.
  9. savoj
    savoj 27 March 2013 16: 18
    +2
    .... Two of the six people returned to the part, the rest remained lying on Chinese soil in shallow graves, not indicated by either a cross or a sign ......
    Of course a lie, one might think it was time to bury when the group was discovered.
  10. ABV
    ABV 27 March 2013 19: 32
    +1
    A funny little article, to the author +, this type of tale is not about anything ... some kind of boys are hungry, but suddenly in intelligence ... groups of numbers of five .... but the art style is nalitststso!
    faaaantazёёёr you called me! ..... quote from the song ..
  11. CARBON
    CARBON 28 March 2013 01: 11
    0
    The name and style are very reminiscent of a follower of the Resunoid sect. To the front, just to eat, plans to conquer all nearby countries. Nonsense filed under the guise of satrash secret.
  12. Uruska
    Uruska 28 March 2013 15: 57
    -1
    Well done boys. But such military units, groups, military operations are not enough. And this is not written in thick books ... You can find out only from eyewitness accounts ...
  13. Danash I
    Danash I 29 March 2013 23: 04
    0
    didn't even smile