“The mixed national composition of divisions creates enormous difficulties”

“The mixed national composition of divisions creates enormous difficulties”
Wehrmacht soldiers and Lithuanian police with a Torah scroll against the backdrop of a burning synagogue... 1941

The revival of “great power Russian chauvinism”

In 1937–1938 With a new world war approaching, Stalin is trying to return the state to its traditional policy, which is especially noticeable in the field of military development and the fight against heterogeneous fifth columns.

One of the important directions was the introduction of compulsory study of the Russian language in schools of the national republics (How Ukrainization and Indigenization of the Red Army Failed), with the simultaneous Russification of the territories of the Baltic states, Western Ukraine and Bessarabia returned to Russia. This was largely due to the modernization, industrialization and urbanization of the USSR. The Russian language has become the language of a new technological structure.

However, precious time and resources that had previously been spent on the indigenization and development of national cultures, language, writing and the intelligentsia, and were now required for the full Russification of the national Ukrainian outskirts, were lost. Plus the inertia of the previous national policy and the resistance of part of the “Leninist Guard” and local nomenclatures. Old party leaders, for example, N.K. Krupskaya, greeted the renaissance of “Great Russian chauvinism” with hostility.

Therefore, the excesses of the national policy of the 1920s affected the overall defense capability and development of the country for a long time. Thus, in May 1940, the People's Commissar of Defense of the USSR, Marshal S.K. Timoshenko reported to the Soviet leadership on the results of conscription of all citizens of military age into the army:

“Some of the recruits who arrived in the troops turned out to be completely ignorant of the Russian language and did not understand Russian colloquial speech and command language, which, of course, affected the combat and political training of army units.”

A high price had to be paid for the policy of indigenization in education and culture and for the fight against “Great Russian chauvinism” already during the Great Patriotic War.

Army Commissar 1st Rank L.Z. Mehlis and N.S. Khrushchev in Bessarabia. 1940

War and a new attempt to create national formations

In the USSR, official propaganda and historiography tried to hide a number of unpleasant facts and insisted that the war showed the strength of Soviet internationalism. They tried to forget about the mistakes of national policy, which in turn led to new “excesses” in favor of the national outskirts at the expense of the Great Russian provinces and regions and the Russian people during the reign of Khrushchev and Brezhnev. And then the development of nationalism and separatism among the leadership and intelligentsia of the national republics became one of the most important prerequisites for the collapse of the entire USSR.

The test of war showed the depth of the problem associated with national policy and nation-military construction of the 1920s and early 1930s. Heavy losses of the army personnel in the first period of the war, the need for widespread use of all possible human resources to compensate for heavy losses, forced Moscow to resort to mass army and labor mobilization of Soviet citizens, including the republics of the North and South Caucasus, Central Asia.

At the same time, in 1941–1942. in severe crisis conditions, attempts were made to form national military units. They, thanks to the homogeneity of the national composition and the seeming absence of the problem of team coherence due to the diversity of linguistic and ethnic composition, were called upon to make up for the enormous losses of the Red Army.

Thus, on November 13, 1941, a resolution was adopted by the State Defense Committee (GKO) on the formation of national military formations from among the rank and file and command personnel of local nationalities in the national republics of the RSFSR (Bashkir, Kalmyk, Chechen-Ingush and Kabardino-Balkarian) and in the republics of Central Asia. In total, it was planned to form 19 cavalry divisions and 15 rifle brigades.

However, it soon became clear that the conscription of significant contingents from among local residents and the formation of national formations not only did not solve the problem of manpower reserve for the army and rear, but, on the contrary, created new serious problems. Such units were distinguished by low combat effectiveness and discipline; they had a high percentage of “self-inflicted gunshots”, deserters, flight from the battlefield and defection to the enemy.

The command faced the same problems when many conscripts from the Caucasus and Central Asia ended up in regular personnel units. Official documents from the front of the period 1941–1942. filled with such messages.

Thus, in a memorandum from the head of the group of agitators of GlavPURRKKA Stavsky to the deputy head of GlavPURRKKA I.V. Shishkin on the results of a trip to the Transcaucasian Front (December 4, 1942), it was noted that even the command and political composition of the front believes that “cadres of non-Russian nationality do not know how and do not they want to fight, they say that they don’t know Russian. And they have two Russian words that you only hear from them: “I am a ballroom” or “kursak (stomach) hurts.”

The commanders did not want to take local natives into their units, preferring Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians.

“I won’t take anyone but Russians”

Another example is related to the fighting in Crimea in the winter and spring of 1942. Arriving at the Crimean (until January 28 - Caucasian) front on January 20, 1942 as a representative of the Headquarters of the Supreme High Command, the head of the Main Political Directorate (GlavPUR) of the Red Army, Lev Mehlis, immediately became concerned about replenishing the front with personnel. He drew attention to the national composition of the arriving reinforcements. On January 24, he was promised a reinforcement of 15 thousand Russians.

Mehlis noted: “Here the replenishment comes exclusively from Transcaucasian nationalities. Such a mixed national composition of divisions creates enormous difficulties.” And he asked “to give reinforcements that are Russian and trained, because they will immediately go to work.”

On February 16, having requested several divisions from the North Caucasus Military District to organize a new offensive in Crimea, Mehlis directly demanded that the district commander, General V. Kurdyumov, clear the units of “Caucasians” (the expression of the Headquarters representative himself) and replace them with military personnel of Russian nationality.

Such sentiments reigned among ordinary Red Army soldiers.

The famous Soviet poet Boris Slutsky, who in 1942 was an instructor, and from 1943 - a senior instructor in the political department of the 57th division, noted:

“The military confusion of languages ​​led, first of all, to the fact that peoples (“from Moldavian to Finn”) became acquainted. They did not always improve their opinion of each other after this acquaintance. Having looked around and listened, the Russian peasant established an indisputable fact: he fights more than anyone, better than anyone, more faithfully than anyone.”

There were many problems: complete ignorance of the Russian language, representatives of small nations did not understand commanders and colleagues; some tribes did not have a militaryhistorical traditions, the soldier's craft were new to them; It was difficult for residents of villages and auls in the new war of machines; there was no corresponding urban, industrial culture; For many nomads and mountaineers from the south, it was difficult in the forests and swamps of the Russian central zone and the north.

Plus low motivation, many natives of the Caucasus or Central Asia did not see this war, which was going on in the west of the country, as a threat to their families and tribes. Therefore, conscripts from national republics easily deserted, avoided battle, or went over to the enemy’s side.

Slutsky wrote:

“Already by the end of the first year of the war, the military registration and enlistment offices dragged to the front line the most dense elements of the allied outskirts - illiterate, not understanding Russian, completely non-urban nomads.
The companies composed of them resembled the army of Genghis or Timur... and the commanders of the companies were planters and martyrs at the same time, overseers of the construction of the Tower of Babel the day after the confusion of languages. The officers refused to accept the nationalists.”

Boris Slutsky recalled that at first everyone admired the mountaineers, who accurately shot at a coin on a branch, but when the real war began with losses, their mood changed dramatically. Self-inflicted gunfire, desertions, refusal to go into battle, requests to return them home, etc. began.

On the front line they did not want to see not only natives of auls and villages, but also Poles, Estonians, Latvians, because of their nationalism. The same Balts in the territories occupied by the Germans en masse joined punitive police battalions and exterminated Jews and Russians.

Thus, by removing the Soviet propaganda of “fraternal internationalism”, one can understand the real picture. The creation of a personnel mass army from all nationalities of the USSR led to the fact that Russians became closely acquainted en masse with representatives of other peoples and tribes of the country. And this acquaintance did not make a very favorable impression on the Russians, as did the assessment of the fighting and moral qualities of the national people.

It was obvious that The national outskirts need to be Russified for more than one generation, to introduce urban, industrial civilization. As small inclusions, representatives of small nations did not violate their combat capability. But there should have been a majority of Russians in the division (70-80%), as in the country as a whole, they were the core of the state and army.

German soldiers light a cigarette on the Soviet-German front. Presumably these are soldiers of the Georgian Wehrmacht Legion. Summer 1943

Battle of the Caucasus

The defense of the Caucasus (July 25 – December 31, 1942) also showed the error of the course towards the formation of national units. Here the party and military leadership decided to form military units and formations from natives of the republics of the North Caucasus and Transcaucasia, hoping that they would defend their native land.

There were human reserves in Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan, but local residents did not know Russian well. Therefore, it was decided to form national units. 9 national divisions were formed - Georgian, Azerbaijani and Armenian.

The result was more than disastrous.

The head of the political department of the Northern Group of Forces of the Transcaucasian Front, brigade commissar Nadorshchin, reported to the head of the Glavpur Shcherbakov:

“... the condition of most national divisions until recently was poor. In parts of these divisions there were massive cases of desertion, self-mutilation and treason.
Two national divisions - the 89th Armenian and the 223rd Azerbaijani - due to their combat training and the political and moral state of the personnel, were recognized as unfit for combat and were relegated to the second echelon.”

The 223rd Division began to fall apart right on the march, without even entering the battle. The soldiers deserted alone and in groups, carrying away weapon. The 89th Division, in a minor collision with the enemy, showed complete incapacity for combat and lost many people, equipment and weapons. In the first battle, many platoon, company and battalion commanders lost control of their units. Many fighters fled, more than 400 people went over to the enemy’s side.

A similar situation was in the 392nd Georgian division. Where in just 4 days – October 9–13, 117 people went over to the enemy’s side.

The ineffectiveness of the national divisions caused a conflict between the Military Council of the Transcaucasian Front (ZF) and the Military Council of the 44th Army, and the Military Council of the Northern Group of Forces of the Polar Front, which these divisions were part of.

The commander of the Northern Group of Forces, Lieutenant General I. Maslennikov, who was also the Deputy People's Commissar of Internal Affairs, twice spoke to the country's leadership with a proposal to reorganize the Armenian and Azerbaijani divisions as uncombat-ready and unstable into rifle brigades with a reduction in personnel of at least half.

True, there was some political correctness; the Georgian divisions, which also fought unsatisfactorily, were not remembered.

As a result, the commanders and political workers of the Red Army had to make titanic efforts and use various methods of persuasion to force Red Army soldiers from small nations to go into battle.

The orderly of the sanitary company of the 23rd Guards Rifle Regiment of the 8th Guards Rifle Division of the 22nd Army of the North-Western Front of the Guard, Red Army soldier Ramazan Erzhanovich Elebaev (1910–1943), performs his songs in front of the guardsmen of the 4th Rifle Company, in which the legendary 28 fought Panfilov heroes. June 1943
Ramazan Elebaev, a Kazakh composer, a student at the Moscow State Institute of Theater Arts named after A.V. Lunacharsky, after the outbreak of the Great Patriotic War, interrupted his studies and went to the front. During his service, he continued his creativity, including writing the songs “March of the Talgar Regiment”, “Song of the 28 Batyrs”, “March of the 23rd Regiment”, “Young Kazakh” (dedicated to his friend, Hero of the Soviet Union Tolegen Tokhtarov, who fell in battle) .
In February 1943, under heavy enemy mortar and machine gun fire, Ramazan Elebaev carried 42 wounded soldiers and commanders with their weapons from the battlefield, for this feat he was awarded the Order of the Red Banner on May 22, 1943.
Killed in battle on November 4, 1943 near the village of Arshakhino, Kalinin (modern Pskov) region.

To be continued ...
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  1. +2
    26 March 2024 05: 06
    Nationality cannot be denied. This topic is very important. Although it is difficult to talk about it.
    We Russians should not erase foreign culture, because of this we and other peoples will be richer.
    This is how it was done among the Russians back in the 11th century, and I think much earlier. (Orthodox, like other Abrahamic religions, do not accept this)
    Although we are different, we are together. Just us.
  2. +3
    26 March 2024 05: 23
    A new word in the history of Russia, now it appears - problems from indigenization, but again - not like everyone else, from cretins, thieves and traitors...

    Is it something to do with RI? There are no nationalities at all, just religion. All Asians speak Russian perfectly, but it’s not clear who taught them..... And the Russians are just serfs...

    Once again, there are no problems with either indigenization or Russification, but the Tsar is an ethnic German!
    1. +2
      26 March 2024 06: 08
      Is it something to do with RI? There are no nationalities at all, just religion. All Asians speak Russian perfectly, but it’s not clear who taught them
      And not only them... Poles, Finns, Balts and the wild Tungus and friend of the steppes Kalmyk know everything wink
      1. 0
        April 3 2024 06: 26
        Also Count A.K. Tolstoy wrote on this topic in 1869. The poems themselves are too long to quote, so only the link.

    2. +2
      26 March 2024 08: 22
      Quote: ivan2022
      Is it something to do with RI? There are no nationalities at all, just religion. All Asians speak Russian perfectly, but it’s not clear who taught them..... And the Russians are just serfs...
      Moreover, the results in WWI and WWII speak for themselves. True, in the tsarist army there was a division by class fellow
    3. +1
      26 March 2024 08: 47
      a familiar situation, when I served in the 39th Army, I myself witnessed such a case when a young Azerbaijani soldier impudently refused to wash the floors on his duty - “I’m a man, I won’t wash the floors,” I had to introduce him to a rag, they knocked him over to the floor and fed him with a doormat, after which he behaved in accordance with the regulations of the garrison and guard service.
      Everything that Samsonov writes took place, but it also happened that the Bolsheviks trained local leadership cadres; after the war, the first secretaries of the party were almost all local, which led precisely to the dominance of their own relatives and friends in the cadres, i.e. there was no nepotism and no “brotherhood and friendship” between peoples; in fact, they always put their own people in the best places.
      You can look at the lists of first secretaries of the union republics, after the war there are only national personnel.
      The absurd, contradictory national policy of the Bolsheviks, which had no intersection with reality, led to the creation of the first multinational proletarian state, which, through the efforts of the top officials in the republics, fell to pieces in the nineties.
      Who was the terrorist in the attack on Crocus? There were Tajiks there, as far as I understand, who were recently asked from Russia.
      Here are the real manifestations of the Bolshevik national policy.
      1. +6
        26 March 2024 09: 32
        Here are the real manifestations of the Bolshevik national policy.
        Lenin and Stalin personally forced GDP and the oligarchs to import cheap labor in order to make more profits? It seems to me that you are one of those (or you were hired) who did this. You write on the forum only thanks to these two people. And your ancestors did not turn into fertilizer in the fields of the “Great Reich”.
        1. +2
          26 March 2024 09: 44
          The 32-year-old ideology of the enemies of the USSR - and we have nothing to do with it, it’s all others’ fault, but we have nothing to do with it, it happened before us, we’re still sorting it out.
        2. -5
          26 March 2024 09: 54
          Yes, the current national policy is essentially a continuation of the Bolshevik policy.
          “cheap labor” is an economic crime or even a crime against one’s own labor code, the country and its people, because migrants often do not have any professional skills, and those that do have, say drivers, take away jobs from the local population, which leads to unemployment among indigenous residents. Previously, how did Moscow manage without builders from Tajikistan and drivers from the Caucasus.
          But this is not enough in Moscow, just crowds of migrants, and when they gather in heaps it also leads to criminal offenses, which is constantly written about.
          Don't you see a connection between the policies of the Bolsheviks and current national politics? This means you have a problem with your eyes.
          Did the Republic of Ingushetia have such problems with mass migration as in our time? No, it wasn’t, but now it is, which means this is the result of the authorities’ national policy.
      2. +1
        29 March 2024 13: 23
        In Kazakhstan, the first secretaries of the Central Committee were Ponomarenko, Brezhnev, Belyaev, one after another. Brezhnev was the first secretary in Moldova, Kupriyanov, Kondakov, Lubennikov in the Karelo-Finnish SSR.
        1. 0
          29 March 2024 14: 11
          there is no market, four in 6 years, and then the constant Kunaev from 62-86.
  3. -3
    26 March 2024 05: 39
    Honestly, the author's intelligence makes an indelible impression....

    One can even come to the conclusion that the Bolsheviks knew a way to turn all non-Russians into Russians, but they were stubborn and didn’t want to... And how cool it would be - you take a non-Russian at the entrance to the school, but at the exit it’s all Russian! And no problems with the composition of divisions.
  4. +5
    26 March 2024 06: 17
    Thank you very much. Very unexpected. I knew about fraternity, groupism and evasion from service in Soviet times. But so much. Not shown in films.
  5. +6
    26 March 2024 06: 31
    The problem also existed in the eighties in the Soviet army, when gentlemen from the east from some mountainous regions of Azerbaijan or Uzbekistan who practically did not speak Russian came to the army. But by the middle of the service, they already understood everything and some remained to serve further because in the army there is TV, clean linen and food three times a day.
    In fact, for many, military service became an opportunity to learn the Russian language and climb somewhere on the social elevator.
    1. 0
      26 March 2024 07: 10
      The problem also existed in the eighties in the Soviet army, when gentlemen from the east from some mountainous regions of Azerbaijan or Uzbekistan who practically did not speak Russian came to the army. But by the middle of the service, they already understood everything and some remained to serve further because in the army there is TV, clean linen and food three times a day.
      In fact, for many, military service became an opportunity to learn the Russian language and climb somewhere on the social elevator.

      But now it’s beautiful)). No Uzbek and Azerbaijani divisions for you. Fight, I don't want to. wink
    2. +8
      26 March 2024 11: 30
      The problem with the mountaineers still exists today. My son is currently undergoing military service (not in the Northern Military District, far in the rear), so the Dagestanis don’t want to serve with them at all.
  6. +6
    26 March 2024 07: 22
    As for the national units in the Red Army during the Great Patriotic War, without the Slavic core in them, these units would not have functioned. What percentage of the ratio was in such parts of the SA? Well, the Lithuanians mocking everything Soviet and spewing out Russophobia today proudly boast that the 16th Lithuanian Division in the Red Army was so called because 16 Lithuanians served in this division...
    On the other hand, no German core was needed in the national units of Hitler’s Waffen SS divisions. The same people who today are proud of their small number in the SA divisions are the same ones today who are proud that in the Waffen SS divisions their number was as much as 90 percent of the division’s personnel.
  7. +2
    26 March 2024 07: 28
    In the USSR, nationality was indicated in documents, in particular in the passport. Today, nationality belongs to a special category of personal data (does not belong to publicly available data), and does not exist documented, that is, it is not indicated in identity documents.

    Calling himself Russian means he is Russian (though no one asks). It's convenient to say the least.

    By and large, the national question destroyed the USSR; this same question can finish off Russia if stupid people (or smart enemies) raise it without a guaranteed opportunity to do something.
    1. -5
      26 March 2024 07: 35
      The USSR destroyed the anti-Soviet-Russophobic people of various nationalities, including Russians.
      1. +7
        26 March 2024 08: 59
        "The USSR destroyed the Russophobic people, including the Russians."

        Did you understand what you wrote?
        1. -3
          26 March 2024 09: 34
          What exactly did you not understand? Anti-Sovietism always equals Russophobia, and all enemies of the USSR, including Russians, are Russophobes. To be Russian by nationality does not mean to be Russian in essence, to be real patriots of Russia, and not pretend to be them for profit.. Millions of Russians during the Civil and Great Patriotic Wars ran to fawn before the occupiers of their country, together with the interventionists and the Nazis, they killed Russians.
          1. -3
            26 March 2024 09: 40
            you wrote that Russians are Russophobes and were destroyed by the USSR. This is beyond all understanding and is suitable for an article in truth.
            Quote: tatra
            Millions of Russians during the Civil and Great Patriotic Wars ran to grovel before the occupiers of their country, together with the interventionists and the Nazis, they killed Russians.

            and an example of this historical fact, when millions of Russians killed other Russians on the side of the interventionists?
            1. 0
              26 March 2024 09: 46
              Yes, you will first learn Russian. And yes, the enemies of the USSR, who captured the USSR, justify and even praise, erect monuments to the collaborators of the Civil and Great Patriotic Wars.
              1. -3
                26 March 2024 09: 59
                I know Russian fairly well, I think better than you “Russian-Russophobes destroyed by the USSR” yes.
        2. +1
          26 March 2024 09: 37
          Did you understand what you wrote?
          An anti-adviser is always a Russophobe. Why don't you even go on the Internet? Don’t you know that there are a lot of Russians who hate Russians? They have been carefully nurtured by Russian democracy for the last 33 years.
          1. -4
            26 March 2024 09: 42
            No, I don’t know anyone who would hate Russians.
            1. +3
              26 March 2024 09: 43
              No, I don’t know anyone who would hate Russians.
              Well, you can be forgiven, you even write in Russian like a foreigner. Read it in English at least. Is this your native language?
              1. -9
                26 March 2024 09: 56
                Yes, no, you write Russian in German, because Russians speak Russian, not Russian, and doubling radical consonants is not a Russian rule, but a German one.
                1. -2
                  26 March 2024 10: 09
                  doubling radically consonant words is not a Russian rule, but a German one.
                  And quite in English. Both in Polish and French.
                  1. The comment was deleted.
                  2. -7
                    26 March 2024 10: 22
                    Do you even know that foreigners double the letter s in the word Russian?
                    Turn on the translator.
                    1. +5
                      26 March 2024 12: 24
                      Do you even know that foreigners double the letter s in the word Russian?
                      Why should I be aware of this?! After all, I graduated from the 10th grade of a Soviet school and I know the Russian language perfectly. I will also mention higher technical education.
            2. +3
              29 March 2024 13: 33
              According to the rules of the Russian language, it is written “Russian”, not “Russian”. There are no double consonants in the Ukrainian language.
              1. -1
                29 March 2024 14: 14
                Ukrainian didn’t exist at all at the beginning of the 20th century, but the rules were invented for it, so there’s no need to even refer to Ukrainian.
                And Russian chronicles were always written in Russian, because, as they said, so they wrote.
                1. +1
                  29 March 2024 14: 16
                  There are official spelling rules, and you must follow them.
                2. +1
                  29 March 2024 14: 24
                  Not so now. As they say, so they write only in the Belarusian language. Although, again, in different areas of Belarus they speak differently, but the written norm is the same. That is, you also need to speak correctly.
          2. -1
            26 March 2024 09: 50
            And the enemies of the USSR, who captured the USSR, including the Russians, robbed the Russian people of their history and culture, made the Russians second or third class citizens, and carried out a multimillion-dollar genocide of the Russian people.
            1. -9
              26 March 2024 10: 00
              are you talking about Stalin?
          3. -1
            26 March 2024 17: 47
            Quote: AKuzenka
            An anti-adviser is always a Russophobe. Why don't you even go on the Internet? Don’t you know that there are a lot of Russians who hate Russians? They have been carefully nurtured by Russian democracy for the last 33 years.

            Right-wing conservatives are usually anti-Soviet, but not Russophobes.
            1. +2
              27 March 2024 15: 28
              Right-wing conservatives are usually anti-Soviet, but not Russophobes.
              Are you talking about Nemtsov and Yavlinsky? Or about the “Orthodox oligarch?”
              1. -3
                27 March 2024 19: 13
                Quote: AKuzenka
                Are you talking about Nemtsov and Yavlinsky? Or about the “Orthodox oligarch?”

                No. We don't have right-wing politicians yet. For some reason, the presidential administration does not need this.
                Right-wing conservatives place the values ​​of Russia and the Russian people much higher than utopian ideological communist concepts designed to try to once again destroy the Russian state and divide the Russian people, both from within, into new fictitious nations, and along the administrative boundaries freely drawn in their time by the Bolsheviks.
  8. -4
    26 March 2024 09: 30
    and then when Stalin died, Beria immediately began the policy of “indigenization” again
    on an even larger scale
    Beria was going to take Tatarstan out of the RSFSR and even make it a separate republic
  9. +4
    26 March 2024 09: 51
    My grandfather told me that he went through that war from 41 to 45. After the second wound, he was sent as a sergeant major to the utility company. He graduated from 6 classes and was considered very educated. Grandfather was terrified, he begged and said, I can’t join the infantry, but I can be a machine gunner, mortar man, sniper, but just not there. I wondered why this was so. He said that they are sitting in front of them in trenches, dugouts, dugouts, and you deliver them ammunition, provide them with food, they will ask you for every lost can of canned food. Well, in 43 they received reinforcements from the Tatars. They didn’t understand Russian and couldn’t speak. They found a way out, those who understood at least something were put in the squad and orders were passed through them. First, several especially gifted people shot crossbows. A couple of them were shot before the line and that was it. The problems are over. Then everyone fought honestly and conscientiously.
    1. +3
      26 March 2024 10: 10
      they say that they didn’t understand Russian. It’s all tricks. They understand everything, they don’t understand when they don’t need something. There’s no need to work, there’s no need to go on the attack, there’s no need to carry heavy loads, that’s when they don’t understand Russian. And when to eat in time and lie in the shade for a few hours, they immediately understand this.
  10. +1
    26 March 2024 11: 04
    There are examples of solving national issues exactly according to Stalin.
    This is the eviction of Chechens and Ingush, as well as Crimean Tatars from their places of residence, due to the fact that they were traitors. Cases of mass cooperation with the Germans were noted among these peoples.
    I even heard such a Stalinist phrase that they say that all Ukrainians should be evicted somewhere to Siberia, if there weren’t so many of them.
    But even these cases of disloyal attitude towards Stalin’s policies did not cancel the fact that the policy of the USSR as a state of “fraternal peoples” was continued in peacetime and brought to the point of complete absurdity at the time of the collapse of the USSR.
    So the question arises, who will fight for the country if there is a war? Russians again? What about the rest? And the rest, for example, took it and rushed over the hill so as not to go into the army.
    If you could imagine Kirkorov with a machine gun in his hands going on the attack in Avdeevka, the picture is incredible.
    -One word Romanians
    - yes, he’s Bulgarian
    -what's the difference...
  11. +3
    26 March 2024 11: 28
    Again, pushing the idea that it was not the multinational Soviet people who won, but the exclusively highly cultured, highly civilized and long-suffering Russian ethnos. The author doesn’t care that the Russian people are multinational and not equal, but more than an ethnic group. Couldn't master the Russian language one hundred percent? This means, according to the author’s logic, a nationalist, a deserter and a traitor. And I went through indigenization based on liberoid speculations. The policy of indigenization was based on three principles: to teach the local state and party apparatus the ability to communicate with the local population in their native language, to improve the mutual understanding of visitors with the locals, and to support national cultures. Nobody prohibited teaching the Russian language and communicating in Russian. And no one forced us to use only local languages. Yes, no one experienced rejection of another language and culture. And in no way was learning another language a reason for desertion and betrayal.
    1. -3
      26 March 2024 12: 32
      Quote: Yuras_Belarus
      The author doesn’t care that the Russian people are multinational and not equal, but more than an ethnic group.

      Why on earth are the Russian people multinational? Russians are those who speak Russian and who look like a Russian - this is Russian and no Russian is multinational.
  12. 0
    26 March 2024 12: 24
    ...Plus the inertia of the previous national policy and the resistance of part of the “Leninist Guard” and local nomenclatures...
    - again the “Leninist Guard”
    Lenin did not have any guards. “The Lenin Guard was invented by Nikita solely and only as an anti-Soviet argument in the fight against Stalin. Developing Nikita's idea, fierce Russophobes - anti-Sovietists - included 58 people in the "Leninist Guard". The only thing they have in common is that they are all innocent victims of political repression. It is unknown on what basis the Russophobes recruited this guard. Since some of the guardsmen met Lenin only briefly and could not have been his comrades-in-arms. It is only obvious that all the guards, without exception, were ardent opponents of Lenin’s ideas, and, therefore, opponents of Lenin.
    After reading the biography of the “guardsmen,” I want to shoot them again for an encore. Just one example is Abel Enukidze. I won't go into political accusations. I will only mention what is not disputed by anyone - Yenukidze was a lover of a beautiful life and a sexual pervert. Maria Svanidze, who was part of Stalin’s family circle (wife of Alyosha Svanidze, brother of I. Stalin’s first wife), wrote in her diary on June 28, 1935:
    Abel, undoubtedly, sitting in such a position, had a tremendous influence on our life for 17 years after the revolution. Being himself depraved and voluptuous, he stinked everything around him: he took pleasure in pimping, family discord, and the seduction of girls. Having in his hands all the blessings of life, unattainable for everyone, especially in the first years after the revolution, he used it all for personal dirty purposes, buying women and girls. It's sickening to talk and write about this. Being erotically abnormal and, obviously, not a 9% man, every year he moved on to younger and younger people and finally reached girls aged 11-XNUMX, corrupting their imagination, corrupting them, if not physically, then morally. This is the foundation of all the outrages that happened around him. Women with eligible daughters owned everything. The girls were unnecessarily sold off to other men who were more morally unstable. The institution recruited staff only based on gender characteristics that Abel liked. To justify his debauchery, he was ready to encourage it in everything: he went out of his way to meet his husband, who abandoned his family and children, or simply set up his husband with a ballerina, a typist, etc. that he did not need. In order not to be too on the radar of the party, he surrounded himself with non-party people (the , secretaries, friends and acquaintances - from the theater world)
    It is disgusting when ardent opponents of Lenin are enlisted in his guard. Unlike Lenin, Trotsky and the Trotskyists intended to build the USSR. In exile, Trotsky wrote (Economic adventurism and its dangers. February 13, 1930. Bulletin of the Opposition (Bolshevik-Leninists) No. 9):
    … Again and again we resolutely abandon the task of building "in the shortest possible time" a National Socialist society. We associate collectivization, as well as industrialization, with the problems of the World Revolution. The issues of our economy are ultimately decided in the international arena. The Comintern must be revived. It is necessary to revise the revolutionary strategy of the post-Leninist era and condemn it in all its three periods: Zinoviev, Bukharin-Stalin, and Stalin-Molotov. The current leadership must be liquidated, for it is in the field of international questions that the Stalinist faction reaches such limits of theoretical cynicism and practical unbridledness that threaten the proletarian vanguard with innumerable calamities. The rejection of the theory of National Socialism and the practice of bureaucratic adventurism is an elementary precondition for the revival of the Communist International ...

    Trotsky and the Trotskyists categorically opposed Lenin's idea of ​​​​building socialism in one country. Therefore, Trotsky equates the idea of ​​building socialism in the USSR with German National Socialism. According to Trotsky, the USSR must be destroyed for the good of the World Revolution. Therefore, it was not for nothing that out of 58 guardsmen, 23 were part of the core of the Comintern. Since it was the Comintern that was the nest of the most complete Trotskyists who advocated the destruction of the USSR for the sake of the World Revolution.
    In the best traditions of Khrushchev, the author equates the Bolsheviks with the Trotskyists, attributing Trotskyist ideas to the Bolsheviks. Indigenization is a Trotskyist idea aimed at destroying the USSR. I don’t know why the author dragged Krupskaya into the topic of indigenization if she was nobody in the party hierarchy. But, for example, from among the real indigenizers of Ukraine there were guardsmen: Goloshchekin Philip Isavich (Isai Isaakovich), Drobnis Yakov Naumovich and Lazovert Samuel. This is like the current singers Shchevchuk, Makarevich and Pugachikha. They were not included in the guard, but they distinguished themselves in the indigenization of Ukraine:
    Kosior Stanislav Vikentievich
    Chubar Vlas Yakovlevich
    Postyshev Pavel Petrovich
    Khataevich Mendel Markovich
    Veger Evgeniy
    Balitsky Vsevolod
    In 2010, a Ukrainian court recognized Chubar as one of the organizers of the Holodomor in Ukraine.
    According to the conclusion of the Military Court of the Moscow Military District dated April 1, 1998, Balitsky was declared not subject to rehabilitation. All the other people I have listed are innocent victims of political repression.
    Since the author clearly does not know the works of Trotsky and the deeds of the Trotskyists, he is clearly out of touch. Complete superficiality.
    The photo shows innocent victims of political repression, representatives of Lenin's guard (opposition leaders) shortly before their expulsion from Moscow in 1927. Seated from left to right: L. Serebryakov, K. Radek, L. Trotsky, M. Boguslavsky and E. Preobrazhensky; standing: H. Rakovsky, J. Drobnis, A. Beloborodov and L. Sosnovsky.
    1. -3
      26 March 2024 12: 38
      but tell me, you know everything, why Lenin’s guards/non-guards, almost all Jews changed their names and surnames to Russian ones, because this is a deception?
      1. +2
        26 March 2024 15: 01
        Quote: Trinitrotoluene
        but tell me, you know everything why Lenin’s guards/non-guards, almost all Jews changed their names and surnames to Russian ones, because this is a deception?

        Tell me, this is why the Georgian Dzhugashvili, who changed his last name to “Stalin,” was appointed by Lenin in 1917 as People’s Commissar for National Affairs?
        In Lenin's government he was also the People's Commissar of the Labor Inspectorate, and even from 1922 in the party, the General Secretary.... but at the same time, why was Stalin not a Jew, and therefore not a Leninist guard? How could this even happen?

        And tell me, how did the Jew Trotsky take Kyiv in 1919 and drive the very, very Russian generals, along with the Poles and others, from Russia with kick-dals? It’s also a deception, his last name was Bronstein.... he didn’t do well, right?

        As for changing surnames, it was not Lenin who came up with it, it was the Jews who came up with it a thousand years ago....
        1. +3
          26 March 2024 15: 09
          “As for changing surnames, it was not Lenin who came up with it”

          By the way, he also did not immediately become Lenin :)
        2. -3
          26 March 2024 17: 57
          to answer a question with a question, is this somehow from the evil one or from someone else?
        3. 0
          26 March 2024 18: 44
          Quote: ivan2022
          And tell me, how did the Jew Trotsky take Kyiv in 1919 and drive the very, very Russian generals, along with the Poles and others, from Russia with kick-dals? It’s also a deception, his last name was Bronstein.... he didn’t do well, right?

          You’re talking about the capture of Kyiv and the dispersal of the Rada by Muravyov’s troops, but that was in 1918. What does Trotsky have to do with this?
      2. 0
        26 March 2024 15: 11
        Quote: Trinitrotoluene
        almost all Jews changed their names and surnames to Russian ones

        Heh...heh... Russians can also change their surnames to Jewish ones. At least ten times. The truth is that this will be of no use. It's not about the last name laughing
        1. 0
          26 March 2024 18: 46
          Quote: ivan2022
          Heh...heh... Russians can also change their surnames to Jewish ones.

          for example, a Jewish name like Ivan. Are you talking about this i.e. Were Ivan 3 and Ivan the Terrible Jafrei?
          Who else among the Russians changed their names to Jewish ones?
        2. +1
          26 March 2024 22: 54
          Heh...heh... Russians can also change their surnames to Jewish ones. At least ten times. The truth is that this will be of no use. It's not about the last name laughing

          If a Russian changes his surname to a Jewish one, then this usually means one thing - he is not Russian, but a Russian.
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      7. +1
        27 March 2024 09: 15
        but tell me, you all know why Lenin’s guards/non-guards, almost all Jews changed their names and surnames to Russian ones, because this is a deception?

        Before the Muscovites tore Ukraine away from the family of fraternal European nations in 1654, Ukrainians did not know serfdom. In turn, as Nikita Mikhalkov said about Russian serfdom in one of his interviews:
        The Bolsheviks did a terrible thing: they erased from the memory of the people our cultural heritage, memories of everything good and bright that was in the Russian people, including the memory of serfdom. Restoring historical truth is our task.
        At the instigation of the Bolsheviks, people in Russia now think that serfdom was something like North American slavery. But this was by no means a relationship between slave and master, sons and father. Many peasants did not want any “freedom.” Yes, sometimes a landowner flogged a peasant: just like a father flogs a disobedient child...

        Those. A Russian landowner could beat his slave to death with impunity, but, unfortunately, he did not have the legal right to cut off his head or hang him. In European Poland such Central Asian savagery was impossible. Everything was strictly according to the law. There was a so-called Kop court. It consisted of a trio: a nobleman and two of his henchmen. The Kopsky court was the legislative, judicial and executive powers in one person. There were no laws or other restrictions. Therefore, the nobleman could quite officially sentence his slave to any type of death penalty, including beheading, hanging and impalement. This was his sacred right.
        Shlyakhtich was a very busy man. He had to constantly drink vodka, inseminate young ladies and participate in the next rokosh. He had no time to do housekeeping. Therefore, he leased his lands and estate to the Jew. Along the way, he delegated to his tenant the right of the Kop court. As a result, in fact, the Jews in Polish Ukraine were the most brutal exploiters. This became the basis of everyday anti-Semitism in Ukraine. Why household? Because there was no national or religious overtones in it. It’s just that starting from the 16th-17th centuries, any mess in Ukraine began with the massacre of Jewish exploiters.
        At the end of the 18th century, Catherine the Great divided Poland, and a significant part of the Jews became part of Russia. The Tsar Father did not at all want to get traditional Polish Jewish problems, so under Nicholas I the Pale of Settlement was legally established, i.e. ban on the resettlement of Jews in Russia. But most importantly, Jews were forbidden to rent land.
        Again, this was not a manifestation of Western anti-Semitism. The secular authorities and the Orthodox Church essentially ignored the existence of the Jews. Individual officials and clerics do not count. In turn, the Catholic Church, unlike the Orthodox Church, defended its position unequivocally. I especially like the Spanish. They had this hobby. A cylinder tower made of bricks taller than a man was built on the square. Executed Jews, several families at a time, were driven into this cylinder at once, the entrance was walled up, the cylinder was lined with firewood and set on fire. After which the crowd of fans delightedly enjoyed the screams of the dying. After all, the main thing for true Christians is not the shedding of blood. SS veterans are spinning in their graves with envy. All of the above refers to the fact that until 1917 the West categorically condemned the Russian despotism for anti-Semitism.
        The ban on renting land did not change the attitude towards Jews. The peculiarity of Judaism is that hard work (for example, plowing, sowing, etc.) is considered a sin by Jews. Therefore, the Jewish minority in Ukraine took over the small-town banking business. The rest went to tinkering, tailoring, music and crime. No one took up farming. Once upon a time I read a story from the 19th - early 20th centuries. Its meaning is that the Ukrainian grain grower collected the harvest and took it to the market. Along the way, he plans how much he will sell the grain, how much he will earn from it, and what he will buy for it. Alas! He brought his grain only to the outskirts of the city. There a crowd of Jews with children attacked him, raising a terrible uproar. While some were grumbling, others untied sacks of grain and threw dust and stones on top. So the grain grower was faced with the fact that his grain was of lower quality than the lowest grade. Just nothing. After this, the farmer did not even have time to meow when his bags of grain rushed in all directions. After the eclipse on his consciousness passed, he found himself holding a handful of coppers in his hand on an empty street next to an empty cart. As a result, the fooled farmer, with his feelings crushed, goes to the tavern and drinks away all the pennies he received from the Jewish tavern. Finita la comedy. Crowds of gypsies at our train stations nervously smoke on the sidelines out of envy.
        This concept of work among the Jews led to even greater irritation among the rest of the population. First, at the beginning of the 19th century, a serious conflict with merchants began due to the monopoly of banking operations. Well, by the end of the 19th century, the population finally formed a point of view about the parasitic nature of the existence of Jews. Because of this, the first Jewish pogrom took place in 1895, and then the revolution of 1905 began and the situation only worsened.
        Legislative oppression of Jews and their refusal to accept labor made the Jews the most revolutionary nation in Russia. Such an example. As of August 1917, the Socialist Revolutionary Party consisted of from 750 thousand to 1 million members and the number of Jews in it was the same as in the Bund - almost 100%. For the Black Hundreds, Jew and revolutionary became synonymous, which became the reason for pogroms.
        A guarantee of a revolutionary career is the ability to make a speech at a rally. For example, Trotsky was an outstanding orator, capable of literally hypnotizing the public. In this regard, Lenin and especially Stalin were no match for him. However, if Trotsky had spoken under his last name, Bronstein, his audience would have sharply decreased. Therefore, guardsman Ovsei-Gershon Aronovich Radomyslsky became Grigory Evseevich Zinoviev, guardsman Lev Borisovich Rosenfeld became Lev Borisovich Kamenev, etc., etc. This repainting was also facilitated by the fact that, for purposes of conspiracy, the revolutionaries hid their real names and used pseudonyms. For example, Lenin, Stalin, etc.
        This is my answer in a nutshell.
        1. +1
          27 March 2024 18: 26
          Quote: Old electrician
          Once upon a time I read a story from the 19th - early 20th centuries. Its meaning is that the Ukrainian grain grower collected the harvest and took it to the market. Along the way, he plans how much he will sell the grain, how much he will earn from it, and what he will buy for it. Alas! Yours

          I also saw this from the writer Yuri Mukhin.

          There is a lot that is unclear in this revolutionary history. On the one hand, Russian noble officers and peasant soldiers all saw who was spreading propaganda and agitation, but on the other hand, how did it happen that the Bolshevik Jews got into the Soviets, and then also seized power, i.e. Why the Russians believed them so much is unclear.
          Only money has power, which means that the Bolsheviks were able to use money, plus false slogans, to attract an army of officers and soldiers to their side, and this is power. But this means that most of history is hidden from us.
          However, it is already possible to draw parallels with our history. The change of power from communist to “democratic” took place according to a similar pattern. Food disappeared in stores, money depreciated, the USSR and the CPSU were slandered, false goals were outlined in the form of Western values, and people again, as they did then, believed them.
          1. 0
            28 March 2024 05: 02
            If you “don’t understand” why the Russian people followed the Bolsheviks against the intervention of Western countries and Japan, the Ukrainian Makhnovshchina and Petliurism, then that’s your problem.

            The USSR was created because the Russian people of that time had a clear enough mind to follow the builders of the state, and not the thieves, as in 1991.

            You have to judge based on the results. For those who created it, everything was fine in their heads... At first it was hard, then it became easier. Those who have destroyed their brains inside out and everything is the other way around. It's simple.
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          5. 0
            28 March 2024 11: 52
            Only money has power, which means the Bolsheviks were able to attract an army of officers and soldiers to their side with money, plus false slogans

            For some reason, foreign intervention in Russia in 1918-1922 is called the Civil War. Although the White Guards were just native troops in the ranks of the interventionists. The following people took part in the intervention:
            Entente countries
            1. United Kingdom
            2. Greece
            3. Italy
            4. China
            5 Romania
            6. USA
            7. France
            8 Japan
            Countries of the Quadruple Alliance
            9. Germany
            10. Austria-Hungary
            11 Turkey
            Other countries
            12 Denmark
            13 Canada
            14. Latvia
            15 Lithuania
            16 Poland
            17 Serbia
            18 Finland
            19. Czechoslovakia
            20 Sweden
            21. Estonia.
            The ones that look especially funny on this list are:
            1. Serbia, whose soldiers slaughtered Russians “in gratitude” for the fact that the Russian Empire got involved in the First World War precisely to protect the Serbs.
            2. Sweden, which has positioned itself since the XNUMXth century as a guarantor of peace and a neutral state. As we see, this neutrality did not extend to Russia.
            3. Greece is generally a unique case. In April 1918, a Japanese watchmaker and his servant were brutally murdered in Vladivostok. The bloody Bolsheviks were immediately accused of this murder (Holy cause!). This incident gave rise to the allied squadron stationed at the roadstead of Vladivostok to land troops to protect the Japanese guest workers of the bloody Bolsheviks. As a result, Soviet power in Vladivostok was overthrown and the purge of Russians from Russia began. Up to 10 thousand Americans, 2 thousand British, 3 thousand French and Italians, up to 100 thousand Japanese, 60-70 thousand Chinese, etc. took part in the intervention in the Far East. Ask, what does Greece have to do with it? I answer. A very difficult world war is going on, and the allies, for some unknown reason, are sending a joint squadron with troops on board to the other end of the world. The squadron included the French, Americans, Japanese, British, etc. In particular, as part of the French squadron in April 1918, a Greek destroyer came to Vladivostok (!!!). What motivation could they all have other than hatred of Russians? What did we do to annoy the stinking Greeks?
            In 1918-1922, the Red Army defeated those who fought in Russia for money under false slogans.
            If, for example, we talk about the ideological opponents of the Bolsheviks, then only a million Socialist Revolutionaries were a powerful force that had a wealth of experience in underground combat work against the autocracy. To the Social Revolutionaries you need to add at least a dozen other political parties for every political color and taste, and all of them fought the Bolsheviks. For comparison. As of August 1917, there were only 250 thousand Bolsheviks in Russia. There were no problems with financing anti-Soviet parties and movements; they had more than enough false slogans. And what? Where is the result?
            One more example. In August 1918, Kolchak seized the royal treasury. In addition to 852,97 tons of gold reserves, there were 492 tons of silver coins, royal reserves of platinum, gold parts of instruments belonging to the Main Chamber of Weights and Measures, gold icon frames, together with icons, other religious objects made of gold and precious stones, etc. ., etc. In total this is much more than 1000 tons. The glorious Czechs paid for travel along the Trans-Siberian Railway with Kolchak's head and the remaining 316,7 tons of gold. Everything else, weighing more than 1000 tons, went to fight the Bolsheviks. And what? Where is the result?
            Therefore, could you explain with what false slogans the Bolsheviks attracted the army of officers and soldiers to their side?
            Just don’t repeat here the tales about Jacob Fisch and the agents of the German General Staff who led the October Revolution from Smolny. These nonsense were good only during the era of Perestroika.
            how did it happen that Jewish Bolsheviks got into the Soviets, and then also seized power i.e. Why the Russians believed them so much is unclear.

            In fact, Jew and Bolshevik are a synonym only for Tesak’s associates, who joyfully welcome Ukropov’s terrorist attacks in Russia. Jews once infiltrated the Russian Bolshevik party. I will give just one example: Parvus (Alexander Lvovich Gelfand).
            Parvus began his career as a revolutionary as a typical social democrat, was a comrade-in-arms of Lenin, and stood at the origins of the RSDLP. Parvus wrote heartbreaking articles in illegal newspapers. For one such article he even received praise from Lenin himself.
            In 1910, Parvus whistled the party cash register and the money of the writer Gorky. The Bolsheviks did not object to the expropriation of the tsarist satraps, but they could not forgive the expropriation of their party funds. Therefore, since 1910, the worst thing in life for Parvus would have been to unexpectedly meet his fellow party members in a dark alley.
            Parvus fled from his comrades and hid in Germany. With the outbreak of the First World War, he pulled off a scam that Ostap Bender would have been envious of. He put noodles in the ears of the Germans and began to rob them of the “revolution in Russia.” Of course, he put the money in his pocket.
            During 1915, Parvus received a number of “trenches” that a revolution would begin in Russia on January 22, 1916. However, the revolution did not happen, and in Germany they began to suspect Parvus of elementary fraud. But he not only got out of it, but also continued to extract money from the Germans.
            Parvus pulled off his last scam at the end of the First World War, receiving 40 million marks (!!!) to create a newspaper empire in Soviet Russia to process its population in a pro-German spirit (!!!). Laugh and that's all! In particular, he promised to create a special printing house in Soviet Russia for printing and distributing photo albums with photographs of the Kaiser. And this is in a country whose population, some with indifference and some with joy, greeted the news of the execution of the Romanov family. I am simply fascinated by the stupid Germans.
            Shortly after this, a revolution occurred in Germany in November 1918. After her, many bad questions appeared to Parvus, to which he did not have clear answers. The matter smelled of frying, and Parvus fled to Switzerland, where he had more than two million francs in his account. He had the same accounts in most European countries - the boy worked not out of fear, but conscientiously!
            There were and are plenty of such Parvus in the USSR and modern Russia. They swear by Lenin, Stalin, mom, the market economy, anyone and anything. They say beautiful words, but in reality they only spoil “this country.” Tell me, for example, on what is the authority of the anti-corruption fighter Navalny based? His biography in a nutshell:
            1. In 2010, on the recommendation of the Russian Jewish Congress, Navalny completed six months of training at Yale University under the Yale World Fellows program. Translated into Russian it sounds like “Training organizers of color revolutions.”
            2. Already in November of the same 2010, Navalny spoke as a speaker on corruption in Russia at the Helsinki Commission of the US Congress. Our shooter managed to get everywhere!
            3. At the end of 2011, the British newspaper Financial Times put Navalny first in the list of “25 Russians who represent the “driving force” of Russia.” The Kommersant Vlast magazine put him in fifth place in the ranking of the world popularity of Russian citizens, and the Vedomosti newspaper named Navalny “Politician of the Year.”
            You feel the steps to success: within one year, Russophobic courses, then a speech in the US Congress, and the next year he is already the person of the year. When was Navalny involved in the fight against corruption? Nevertheless, the Jew Navalny is the idol of millions of Russians.
            1. 0
              28 March 2024 14: 46
              As for the fact that the Serbs slaughtered Russians, I have never heard about it, tell me the source.

              about false Bolshevik slogans
              turns out to be at the moment of 1st month. the main owners of the land were peasants, the landowners' lands had already been greatly reduced and amounted to less than 20%, then the question arises: If the peasants were already the owners of the land, then the slogan “Land for the peasants” was not only not relevant, but essentially false.

              1. -1
                28 March 2024 16: 00
                If the peasants were already the owners of the land, then the slogan “Land for the peasants” was not only irrelevant, but essentially false.

                About the irrelevance of the slogan “Land for the peasants!”
                After the abolition of serfdom in 1861, all Russian peasants only dreamed of a “black redistribution”.
                After the overthrow of the autocracy in February 1917, the idea of ​​a “black redistribution” began to be implemented in person, and land squatting began.
                In April 1917, the Ministry of Agriculture of the Provisional Government recorded 205 “agrarian riots” that affected 42 of the 49 provinces of the European part of Russia.
                In May 1917, 558 “agrarian riots” were recorded, in June 1122.
                In July-August the number of unrest decreases due to the need to conduct active field work, but in the fall of 1917 an explosion occurs. Already during a short pause between field work in July, 2 thousand riots were officially registered, from September 1 to October 20 - more than 5 thousand.
                On September 3, 1917, power in the Tambov province was seized by the Peasant Council, which, by its “Order No. 3” of September 11, transferred all landowners’ land, along with all economic property, to the ownership of peasant communities. My great-grandfather also participated in this event of expropriation of landowners’ lands in the Tambov region.
                In fact, the slogan “Land for the Peasants” was put forward by the Bolsheviks’ comrades in the Soviets – the Socialist Revolutionaries. The Bolsheviks agreed with them. The draft decree was prepared by V.I. Lenin, who took into account the order published in the newspaper “Izvestia of the All-Russian Council of Peasant Deputies” and compiled from 242 local peasant orders. The section “On Land” of this order was completely included in the text of the decree. It is foolish to deny that the decree ON LAND, adopted by the II All-Russian Congress of Soviets of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies, was accepted by the peasants with the greatest delight and inspiration. This was the realization of their centuries-old dream. Therefore, during the Civil War, peasants fought for Soviet power.
                Anti-Sovietism is the highest form of Russophobia in a beautiful wrapping of false slogans such as “human rights” and “market economy”. If you are really convinced that the decree ABOUT EARTH was a false slogan, then you can sell any Russophobic crap. I can only sympathize with you on this.
                About the fact that the Serbs slaughtered the Russians, I have never heard about it, tell me the source.

                In the East of Russia in the period 1918-1920. There were the following Yugoslav armed formations:
                As part of the People's Army Committee of Members of the Constituent Assembly:
                - Major M. Blagotich's battalion (as part of the People's Army of Komuch);
                - Chelyabinsk Serbian battalion of second lieutenant J. Kovacevic;
                - Samara Serbian detachment of captain I. Bozic;
                - Serbian company of Lieutenant Dibich;
                As part of the Siberian Army of the Provisional Siberian Government:
                - Serbian half-company of the convoy of the headquarters of the 2nd Steppe Siberian Corps;
                - 1st Tomsk Serbian battalion captain A. Rukavina;
                - Novonikolaevsk Serbian company of captain L. Sertich.
                As part of the Russian Army of the Supreme Ruler:
                - Volunteer regiment of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes named after Major Matija Blagotich (under the 3rd Ural Army Corps);
                - Vladivostok Serbian detachment of Lieutenant R. Ristic;
                - Tyumen Serbian commandant detachment of warrant officer Perko;
                - Serbian detachment of the Omsk garrison, captain 1st class B. Dzhurdzhilov;
                - Yekaterinburg Serbian detachment of governor V. Voskar;
                - 1st Russian-Serbian Jaeger separate partisan battalion (Ekaterinburg);
                - Serbian detachment of warrant officer Mandich (Orenburg-Troitsk);
                - Serbian company of captain S. Djordjevic of the Semipalatinsk garrison;
                - Serbian squad of governor Kiselev of the Barnaul garrison (then as part of the 1st Volga Army Corps);
                - Irkutsk volunteer Slavic detachment;
                - Serbian cavalry division of J. Magarashevich of the Krasnoyarsk garrison;
                As part of the formations of atamans G.M. Semenova, B.V. Annenkova, D.L. Horvat:
                - 3rd Serbian battalion of the 1st Semenovsky infantry regiment of the Special Manchurian detachment of Ataman G.M. Semenov (then - Serbian Cavalry Division of the Ataman Convoy of Lieutenant Colonel Dragovich, Serbian Division of the 1st Cavalry Ataman Semenov Regiment);
                - Separate national Jaeger battalion of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
                - Serbian company and Serbian cavalry squadron of Lieutenant D. Milosevic of the Separate Partisan Division Ataman B.V. Annenkova;
                - Serbian convoy guard detachment of the CER (Harbin);
                Under the Separate Czechoslovak Corps:
                - 1st Yugoslav Regiment named after Matija Gubec (Tomsk).
                As an independent interventionist part:
                - Yugoslavian regiment (Vladivostok) - the remnants of all Serbian units that survived by 1920, before being evacuated to their homeland.
                The information was taken from the most terry White Guard anti-Soviet-Russophobic website. Who do you think these little brothers slaughtered as part of the punitive units of the atamans Annenkov, Semyonov and other bloody executioners?
                Py.Sy. This list does not include Serbian punitive units operating in northern Russia.
    2. 0
      29 March 2024 13: 42
      Enukidze, by the way, was never in the opposition and for a long time was on friendly terms with Stalin. Postyshev was also Stalin’s comrade-in-arms for a long time; he fought both Trotskyism and the right deviation. In many photographs he is next to Stalin and Voroshilov. He was considered Stalin's man in Ukraine. And he himself actively participated in the repressions until he was arrested and then shot. Obviously, like Yezhov, Eikhe, Chubar, somewhat overdid it.
  13. -2
    26 March 2024 18: 14
    What kind of Nazism is the author spreading here? Where did he find out that the peoples from the national outskirts did not want to fight and had to be forced?
  14. +2
    26 March 2024 20: 48
    VO already wrote on this topic in 2011, it’s here:


    There was a completely different tone in 2 and there were specific numbers for the Heroes of the Soviet Union - who was from where (except for Russians, Ukrainians, Belarusians):

    The heroes of the Soviet Union were:
    161 Tatars, 107 Jews, 96 Kazakhs, 90 Georgians, 89 Armenians, 67 Uzbeks, 63 Mordvins, 45 Chuvash, 43 Azerbaijanis, 38 Bashkirs, 31 Ossetians, 18 Mari, 16 Turkmen, 15 Lithuanians, 15 Tajiks, 12 Latvians, 12 K Irgiz , 10 Komi, 10 Udmurts, 9 Estonians, 8 Karelians, 8 Kalmyks, 6 Kabardians, 6 Adygeans, 4 Abkhazians, 2 Yakuts, 2 Moldavians, 1 Tuvan.

    Of course, it is interesting to compare these figures with the number of people drafted into the army by nationality.
    1. 0
      26 March 2024 22: 20
      Quote: Timofey Charuta
      The heroes of the Soviet Union were:
      161 Tatars, 107 Jews, 96 Kazakhs, 90 Georgians, 89 Armenians, 67 Uzbeks, 63 Mordvins, 45 Chuvash, 43 Azerbaijanis, 38 Bashkirs, 31 Ossetians, 18 Mari, 16 Turkmen, 15 Lithuanians, 15 Tajiks, 12 Latvians, 12 K Irgiz , 10 Komi, 10 Udmurts, 9 Estonians, 8 Karelians, 8 Kalmyks, 6 Kabardians, 6 Adygeans, 4 Abkhazians, 2 Yakuts, 2 Moldavians, 1 Tuvan.
      Alas, these numbers do not always correspond to the number of feats for which the title “Hero of the Soviet Union” can be awarded.
  15. 0
    26 March 2024 22: 50
    Quote: Timofey Charuta
    Of course, it is interesting to compare these figures with the number of people drafted into the army by nationality.
    But this is generally a closed question. And precisely because, behind seven seals, on the Internet for many years there has been a “competition” between the Transcaucasian people on the topic of which people were most drafted into the war. And these competitors have already reached such figures that more than 100% of all potential men of military age were drafted into war from each nation laughing .
  16. The comment was deleted.
    1. 0
      29 March 2024 20: 26
      Gergiev, you are a wild people, and Magomayev doesn’t even understand how he sings. Joseph how you ruled the country, a coward and a scoundrel
    2. 0
      29 March 2024 20: 38
      In a Sevastopol hospital, Guard Colonel, commander of the 61st Separate Kirkenes Red Banner Marine Brigade of the Northern Fleet, died from injuries received during the Northern Fleet, Magomedali Magomedzhanov.

      By Decree of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin dated June 1, 2022 No. 334, Major General Botashev Kanamat Khuseevich was posthumously awarded the title of Hero of the Russian Federation.
      Nurmagomed Engelsovich Gadzhimagomedov is a Russian soldier. Guard senior lieutenant, company commander of the 247th Guards Air Assault Caucasian Cossack Regiment of the 7th Guards. Airborne Division of the Southern Military District. Hero of the Russian Federation. 
      I can give other examples
  17. +1
    29 March 2024 08: 55
    The Germans broke into Crimea when they found a weak area of ​​defense - the Georgian division was in the first line, and the Azerbaijani division was covering it. And this is an obvious mistake of the command. They hit the Georgians - they immediately ran. There is also no point in expecting any kind of resilience from the Azerbaijanis. The front has collapsed and, I repeat, such a construction of defense is a direct mistake of the command. But the Crimean Tatars stood out the most - almost all those drafted into the troops deserted and began to serve the Germans - as punitive forces against the partisans and the Russian-speaking population. They just slaughtered people by the thousands. It’s bad that the Crimeans were saved by I.V. Stalin, who evicted them from Crimea after the liberation of the peninsula. Otherwise, the soldiers who came home after demobilization would naturally settle accounts with the traitors and murderers. And at the very beginning of the war in the Baltic military district, the Balts killed the commanders in their division and went to curry favor with the Germans... The front collapsed. Kalmyks were also noted.
    1. +1
      29 March 2024 14: 08
      Krymchaks are a different people, mostly destroyed by the Nazis. Krymchaks profess Judaism, although they are close in blood to the Crimean Tatars and speak the Crimean Tatar language.
      1. +1
        30 March 2024 13: 24
        So I was wrong. He meant the Crimean Tatars - but he called them derogatorily Crimeans.
  18. -1
    29 March 2024 10: 28
    It is not the mixed composition that creates difficulties, but the then tolerance on the national issue. National differences in combat capability and motivation cannot be ignored.

    There is a solution. Even ancient Rome divided legionnaires into principles, hastati and triarii. The most unstable and inept took the battle in the front row. Behind them stood a “detachment” of principles, and behind them all were the triarii. Anyone who was cowardly would have been hacked to death on the spot. Even if it was out of selfish interests: a hastat would have to take the place of the runaway principle.
    You cannot put cowards and potential traitors in charge of patriots. And vice versa, a patriotic sergeant with the right to shoot disobedient people will force the national people to fight.
    In the same Baltic states, if the national cadres were filled with rank and file, the sergeants and corporals would be Jews (with orders to shoot cowards on the spot), and the officers would be Russians, then betrayal would be avoided.
    According to some signs, this is how Ukrainians build their units. And their units show miracles of resilience.
  19. 0
    29 March 2024 11: 23
    The national cadres fight poorly.
    What to do?
    This means we need to “feed” them more, free them from the war, and let Vanya fight.
    Standard model for the USSR
  20. 0
    April 1 2024 08: 09
    It’s a pity that Stalin resettled them to Kazakhstan, and not to Allah
  21. 0
    April 3 2024 10: 04
    So in 87-89, in the construction troops, Uzbeks, Azerbaijanis, and Tajiks learned about the existence of the Russian language. After a year of service, they barely spoke. Only the construction warriors from the capital cities could speak Russian