Military Review

Stalin in Livadia

JV Stalin born December 21 1879 of the year

Stalin in Livadia

Wonderful in the Crimea in the fall. The annoying tourists left on their way, the distant mountains were covered with snow, but here the golden autumn lingered in all its glory. Forests and vineyards strike with a riot of colors - from bright yellow to dark green, from purple to purple. The streams that dry up in summer fill up and merrily from the plateau to the sea on steep slopes, forming waterfalls. Steep mountain roads are slippery and dangerous.
Not without fear and effort, I overcame the road to the snow-white luxurious Livadia Palace. This palace, built for the last Russian Tsar Nicholas II, who often visited here, stands on a rather steep slope amid a vast park, going down to the Black Sea itself. From here there is an excellent view of the whole Yalta bay - and the serene sea reflects the mountains touched by the autumn purple, and several ships in the harbor.

Now the whole palace was for me alone! And I answered the call from Washington (albeit from a mobile phone) in a bedroom with oak panels, once reserved for Roosevelt!

In this palace in February 1945 was held historical Yalta Conference; a round table has survived to this day, at which Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin shared military booty and established the post-war order, which lasted almost half a century. My guide Lonely Planet writes about Livadia as the place where Stalin "intimidated Churchill."

What really happened between Stalin and Churchill? We know that soon after the war in Fulton’s speech, Churchill gave the go-ahead to the beginning of the “cold war”, but not everyone knows that the “cold war” was only a necessary measure from his point of view - but Churchill preferred a real war against the USSR, with the stated goal “ to impose on Russia the will of the United States and the British Empire. "

Some discoveries in the field of history must be constantly reminded, because they were not included in our generally accepted description of the world. One such find cannot be forgotten, because it is a well-hidden story of the colossal betrayal planned in 1945. After four difficult years of the war, the Allies barely had time to defeat Hitler, when British Prime Minister Winston Churchill prepared an unexpected attack on allied Russia with the participation of Nazi Wehrmacht troops. The treacherous attack was planned for July 1 1945 near Dresden. Churchill was going to use, in addition to 47 English and American divisions, 10 German, which he did not dissolve in order to send them again to the eastern front to fight against the “Russian savages”. Churchill was ready to attack the Soviet army without declaring war, as treacherously as Hitler in 1941. Sir Allen Brook, the highest rank in the British army, said Churchill "was eager to start a new war."

Stalin found out about this plan; this confirmed his worst suspicions about the intentions of the British, strengthened his grip in Eastern Europe and, perhaps, made him even less inclined to compromise.

After thinking a bit, US President Harry Truman refused to support Churchill: the war with Japan was far from over, the atomic bomb was not yet ready, and he needed the help of the Russians. (Perhaps Roosevelt would have refused more quickly, but he died shortly after the Yalta Conference.)

Operation "Unthinkable" was suspended, postponed, and the archived folder with the signature "Top Secret" lay on the shelf for many years in the state archive until it was made public in 1998.

In May 1945, the British did not disband military units consisting of about 700 000 German soldiers and officers. Those folded weapon, but it was not destroyed, but stockpiled on the personal order of Churchill, who intended to arm the Germans again and send them against the Russians. The commandant of the English occupation zone of Montgomery explained in his “Notes on the occupation of Germany” that the German military units were not disbanded because “we had no place to put them if we had disbanded them; and we could not guard them. " Worse, the British would not be able to use their slave labor and starve them if the Germans were declared prisoners of war (“We would have to supply them with rations of fairly high standards”).

This explanation is bad in itself, but in a preserved handwritten note, he cites an even worse reason: “Churchill ordered me (Montgomery. - Avt.) Not to destroy the weapons of two million Germans who had surrendered in the Lüneburg Heathland 4my. Everything was ordered to be kept in case of a possible war against the Russians with German help. ”

The whole story was entirely published by David Reynolds in his work on the Second World War (he noticed that Churchill missed this episode in his memoirs). The original documents were published in the English National Archives and can be found on the network ( But still, these events did not become public knowledge and are known far less than the accusations against the Soviets, which are an integral part of historical knowledge. Everyone knows that Stalin made a deal with Hitler on the eve of the war and took control of Eastern Europe after the war. But usually nothing is said about circumstances. Even those who have heard of Operation Unthinkable usually suspect that this is nothing more than Stalinist propaganda or the invention of the scriptwriters of Seventeen Moments of Spring. Churchill's heirs succeeded in glossing over this story and inflating Suvorov’s fictional Icebreaker.

But The Unthinkable explains why Stalin considered Churchill in 30-egg. more sworn enemy of the USSR than Hitler, and why he agreed to the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. Stalin understood Churchill better than many contemporaries, and knew about his pathological anti-communism.

After the end of World War I in November, Churchill proposed a new policy: “Kill the Reds, kiss the Fritz”. (These words are quoted by Churchill’s apologist Sir Martin Gilbert.) In April, Churchill spoke on 1918 about the “subhuman goals” of Moscow communists, especially Trotsky and his “Asian hordes”. The coming to power of the fascists did not affect his views. In 1919, when the Nuremberg racial laws had already been passed, Churchill declared in Parliament: “I don’t intend to pretend that if I have to choose between communism and Nazism, I would choose communism.” The communists were "baboons", and Adolf Hitler "will go down in history as a man who restored honor and peace in the soul of the great German nation."

In 1943, Churchill praised Benito Mussolini for saving Italy from the communists and said that his "grand roads will remain a monument to his personal power and long years of rule." The last statement was kindly kept for eternity in the fifth volume of its multivolume history of the Second World War.

Churchill considered communism a "Jewish conspiracy"; his love of Zionism was partly based on the belief that the Zionists would be able to distract the Jews from communism. In 1920, long before Henry Ford, he already spoke of “international Jew”: “This movement of the Jews is not new. From the time of Spartacus-Weishaupt (the founder of the Illuminati. - Auth.) To Karl Marx, then to Trotsky in Russia, Bela Kun in Hungary, Rosa Luxemburg in Germany and Emma Goldman in the USA ... this worldwide conspiracy to overthrow civilization and remake societies based on retarded development, malicious envy and impossible equality are constantly expanding. They became almost unconditional owners of a huge empire (Russia. - Auth.). ” Hitler was nothing more than Churchill's plagiarist.

If Churchill managed to implement his plan, who knows how it would all end and how many people would die. The Soviet Army had four times as many soldiers and twice as many tanksthan in English and American combined. She was tested in battle, well equipped and rested for two months. Perhaps the Russians could have repeated 1815 and liberated France with the support of a strong communist movement. Or, perhaps, the Soviets would be pushed back to the border, and Poland would join NATO in 1945, and not in 1995. The US President rejected Churchill's plan; Truman was a mass murderer in Hiroshima, but not a suicide.

In 1945, Churchill was worried that the Russians would continue their march west to France and on to the English Channel. So he explained the operation "Unthinkable." However, Stalin was scrupulous in his relations with the West: he not only did not send tanks to the West, he never crossed the line held in the Livadia Palace at the Yalta conference in February of 1945.

He did not support the Greek Communists, who were very close to victory and would have won if it had not been for the intervention of England. The Greeks turned to Stalin for help, but he replied that he had promised Churchill: "The Russians will get 90% influence in Romania, the British 90% in Greece and 50 / 50 in Yugoslavia." Stalin did not support the French and Italian Communists and withdrew troops from Iran. He was the most reliable ally, even for those who were not at all reliable. He was not a supporter of parliamentary democracy, but neither were the leaders of England and the USA. They agreed with democracy only if they were satisfied with the results. They did not allow the Communists to win by force of arms. He did not let the anti-communists defeat the same methods.

So Churchill's betrayal was not required for his stated purpose. Perhaps the British and American soldiers would not understand why they should fight against the Russians, for whose victory they prayed only a few weeks ago, the very Russians who saved them from the German counteroffensive in the Ardennes, from a repetition of the Dunkirk disaster. Fortunately, this did not have to be checked: the British in the elections voted against the old instigator of the war.

However, the plan to use the military power of Nazi Germany against the USSR did not disappear. In a provocatively titled article: “How the Nazis defeated,” Noam Chomsky wrote: “... The US State Department and British intelligence took over and used some of the worst Nazi criminals, first in Europe. For example, Klaus Barbier - "Lyon butcher" was taken under the wing of US intelligence and again put into operation. " “General Reinhard Gehlen was the head of Hitler’s military counterintelligence on the eastern front. It was there that real war crimes were committed. It is about Auschwitz and other extermination camps. Gehlen, with his network of pins and terrorists, was quickly received by the American special services and received practically the same roles. ” This was a violation of the agreements in Yalta. Only one of many committed by the West.

"Rescue and then the use of Hitler war criminals was bad in itself, but repeating their actions was even worse." The goal of the United States and England, Chomsky writes, was "the destruction of the anti-fascist resistance and the restoration of the old, essentially fascist, order."

“In Korea, the restoration of the old order meant killing around 100000 people only at the end of 40's, before the outbreak of the war in Korea. In Greece, this meant the destruction of the anti-fascist resistance and the return of power to the former servants of the Nazis. When the troops of England and then the USA entered southern Italy, they simply returned to power those who were under the fascists - the capitalists. But problems began in the north of Italy, which the Italian Resistance had already freed. Everything was in order - the industry worked. We had to dismantle all of this and restore the old order. ”

“Then we, the USA, began to destroy the democratic process. The left obviously should have won the election; they gained influence during the resistance, and the traditional order was discredited. The US was not going to put up with it. At the very first meeting in 1947, the US National Security Council decided to cut off food supplies and use other types of pressure to undermine the elections. ”

“But what if the Communists still win?” In its first report to the NSC 1, the Council proposed plans against such an emergency: the US had to declare a state of emergency, put the Sixth Fleet in the Mediterranean on alert, and support armed forces to overthrow the Italian government. That was the usual course of action. Look at France, Germany or Japan — it was almost the same there. ”

According to Chomsky, the United States and Britain were primarily opponents of communism. The fascists among their enemies were assigned the second role. Although racism has gone out of fashion these days, there is no reason to believe that Hitler Germany was more racist than England or the USA. In the USA, interracial marriages were considered criminal only relatively recently; black lynching was commonplace. England conducted ethnic cleansing around the world, from Ireland to India. The USSR was the only non-racist state that was ruled, in addition to Russians, by Georgians, Jews, Armenians, Poles ... Mixed marriages were encouraged, and the current ideology was a kind of multiculturalism. But it was communism that was the main enemy of the liberal West.

Although Churchill did not send the Wehrmacht to fight against the Russians in 1945, the transition to the Cold War was by no means bloodless. In Ukraine, the United States for years supported and armed the pro-Hitler nationalists. And even the destruction of Hiroshima was essentially the first shot of the Cold War, writes New Scientist magazine ( "The decision of the United States to throw an atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 meant the beginning of the Cold War, and not the end of World War II, according to two atomic weapon historians who write that there was new evidence to support this theory causing such disputes . The killing of more than 200 000 people 60 years ago was committed to intimidate the USSR, and not to defeat Japan, they say. And US President Harry Truman, who made this decision, is guilty, ”they add. *

* For further evidence that Hiroshima was destroyed to impress Russians, see [/ right]

The danger of an attack on Russia did not go away in 1945. Already in 1946, plans were made for an Anglo-American nuclear attack on Soviet Russia, and with Churchill's return to Downing Street, 10 made these plans operational. The gigantic construction of the new heavy Vickers Valiant jet bomber began. They were covered with thick white paint to transfer the thermal radiation of a thermonuclear explosion. In total, in the impoverished, hungry England of the early fifties (there were cards when they were already canceled in the USSR), these aircraft were built 107, aimed at Moscow and other industrial centers of Russia. Lawrence James writes about this in detail in the now classic work of The British Empire (The Rise and Fall of the British Empire).

Soviet Russia stood for years on the edge of the abyss, because Churchill, worshiped by the current Russian liberals, was ready to kill millions and "burn out the red plague". With Churchill gone, the hatred of communism did not go away. In 1991, the hatred of communism, which drove the henchmen of the West - Yeltsin, Chubais, Gaidar, led to the mass impoverishment of the Russians and put the country on the verge of death. NATO’s 1999 war against Yugoslavia was one of the last wars against the remnants of communism; and in Syria we see almost the last, because the regime of Syria is partly socialist.
However, I must tell you that among modern Russian historians this theory — that Western policy is completely based on anti-communism — is being questioned or even denied, and not without reason: just sixty miles from Livadia is the hero-city of Sevastopol, where British and French troops tried to defeat completely non-Soviet, but royal soldiers in 1850's, and NATO military ships entered 2008 in Yalta Bay during a clash between pro-western Georgia and completely non-communist Putin Russia. How can this be explained: whether it is a geopolitical clash on Mackinder; Is the heretics attacking the Orthodox from a theological point of view, or according to Chomsky, the center against the periphery? We can not answer this question in this article.

In recalcitrant Russia, there are always opponents, be it the struggle of the communists against the capitalists, the Orthodox with the Catholics, the continent against the sea, because they do not want to submit to the center. Then Stalin was in power - a tough man, but he also solved a difficult task, and dealt with cool people. The snow-white palace of Livadia is a good place to think about these fateful historical events.

[right] Authorized translation from English by Kati Rakhmetova

Subscribe to our Telegram channel, regularly additional information about the special operation in Ukraine, a large amount of information, videos, something that does not fall on the site:

Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. GG2012
    26 December 2012 15: 53
    The victory of Russian Civilization will be complete when NanoBritania is completely destroyed!
      OSTAP BENDER 26 December 2012 16: 35
      Quote: GG2012
      The victory of Russian Civilization will be complete when NanoBritania is completely destroyed!

      Together with world Zionism, because these are twin brothers, so "harmoniously" complementing each other !!!
      1. Igor Belov
        Igor Belov 26 December 2012 17: 36
        Quote: OSTAP BENDER
        because they are twin brothers
    2. Igor Belov
      Igor Belov 26 December 2012 17: 39
      Quote: GG2012
      The victory of Russian Civilization will be complete when NanoBritania is completely destroyed!
      1. Volkhov
        Volkhov 27 December 2012 17: 12
        The statue of liberty has blue blood.
    3. s1н7т
      s1н7т 26 December 2012 22: 49
      Where can you find the definition of "Russian civilization"?
    4. donchepano
      donchepano 27 December 2012 08: 26
      No matter how anyone crap one's arms around Stalin, they were still considered.
      And Britain and the USA.
      Whatever Western nits and jackals would have cheated on him
      it was a SIZE and a MACHINE
  2. omsbon
    omsbon 26 December 2012 16: 05
    Wise was Joseph Vissarionovich, did not believe this British nits and allies washed in full!
    1. Alekseir162
      Alekseir162 26 December 2012 19: 00
      In politics, no one can be trusted at all; everyone respects their interest there.
      Comrade Stalin was not just wise, he was a great MAN of a great era.
  3. Volkhov
    Volkhov 26 December 2012 16: 21
    Nonsense about the "unthinkable" is no longer rolling - the Germans ate grass in fenced areas in July - they would rather take London from this drive than Moscow, the Treaty of Alliance was concluded in 42 for 20 years, and expired only by the Caribbean crisis, then by In fact, it was extended, in the photo it is not Stalin (and not Churchill) - enough to rinse the Russian brains - there is one pure fog in them.
    1. s1н7т
      s1н7т 26 December 2012 22: 53
      "Unthinkable" - it was Churchill's delirium, and he really does not "roll", otherwise it is not a fact that the English Channel would have stopped the Red Army.
      1. Volkhov
        Volkhov 27 December 2012 08: 59
        A real conflict with the West could only happen after the sovereignty of the USSR was achieved, that is, the control networks of Zionism were suppressed, the Russian cadres were placed in control, and a friendly system of states was built with industrial power comparable to the West. Stalin went this way, but did not reach.
  4. zstalkerzz
    zstalkerzz 26 December 2012 16: 22
    Stalin is certainly a great man. they were not so afraid of anyone in the world. and how far-sighted he was! after the execution of Tukhachevsky, the American ambassador himself wrote that it looked like a betrayal, but after a few years it began to testify to the vision of Stalin!
  5. WW3
    WW3 26 December 2012 16: 22
    The historic Yalta Conference was held in this palace in February 1945; the round table has survived to this day, at which Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin divided war booty and established the post-war order, which lasted for almost half a century. My Lonely Planet guide writes about Livadia as the place where Stalin "intimidated Churchill."

    With interest I visited the Livadia Palace there an exhibition dedicated to the Yalta Conference ...
    1. Volkhov
      Volkhov 26 December 2012 16: 46
      Now the furniture is better, experts in it are in the manual, but at this table 1 chair is more equal than the others.
      1. WW3
        WW3 26 December 2012 16: 58
        Quote: Volkhov
        but at this table 1 chair is more equal than the others.

        Here is another perspective ... the chair is not one, but three ... according to the number of leaders ....

        1. Volkhov
          Volkhov 26 December 2012 17: 24
          This is not a different angle, but a different shooting. The Roosevelt armchair with the coat of arms on the back is replaced.
          The bottom shot is more likely to correspond to another room.

          It is most likely that the "negotiations" of the twins were held in the palace, while the real ones were held in another place, rather underground. February 45 is not the quietest period in history and not the most open.
          1. WW3
            WW3 26 December 2012 18: 26
            Quote: Volkhov
            It is most likely that the "negotiations" of the twins were held in the palace, while the real ones were held in another place, rather underground.

            Don't you just think that the windows could have been covered with blackout curtains? ... you were too smart about the "negotiations of doubles" ...
            1. Volkhov
              Volkhov 26 December 2012 18: 54
              In the photo to article 2 there are doubles - the "pioneer" Stalin and the "rejuvenated" Churchill, and in the photo to the commentary it looks more like negotiations - Molotov and Kuznetsov look like themselves, but the interior is not that room.
              The British at 44 were seriously afraid of the atomic bombing, in the fall they agreed with the Germans, but they hardly believed them enough to gather within the radius of flight of the Vultures and Junkers. In Yalta, there is no bomb shelter with decent parameters.
              Rather, Yalta - a test for the Germans - will be tempted or not.
              1. WW3
                WW3 26 December 2012 19: 13
                Quote: Volkhov
                and the photo for the comment on the negotiations seems more

                Quote: Volkhov
                but the interior is of the wrong room.

                But where did you see the interior here in the b / w picture? .... there are more chairs ... but the faces in the 2nd and 3rd rows are the helpers of those who are sitting at the table directly .... their chairs apparently did not save on display and why, in fact?
                The picture was taken most likely from the side of those double doors ....
                1. Volkhov
                  Volkhov 26 December 2012 20: 04
                  The table is different, the room seems large and for some reason there are no details of the situation - by chance it doesn’t happen when negotiations are open, everything is clear.
                  Yalta, as a real negotiating point, does not fit into either logic or logistics - where to place the security (with air defense and anti-airborne troops) of all 3 parties there?

                  Stalin in Moscow all the time underground and in unknown places, and here in the pavilion, on the seashore, which is 1 there, and the preparation of the meeting takes several months?
                  1. WW3
                    WW3 26 December 2012 20: 26
                    Quote: Volkhov
                    the room seems large and for some reason there are no details of the situation - it doesn’t happen by chance

                    Well, the palace is still, though not the biggest truth ...
                    Quote: Volkhov
                    Yalta as a real negotiation point does not fit into either logic or logistics - where to place security there

                    and where do you think the conference took place, or was it not at all? wassat
                    Here is a photo of 100% from the courtyard of the Livadia Palace, as well as a photo in the subject ... or again doubles? lol he took pictures in these places ...

                    Historical fact: in Yalta, in 1945, Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt met. At this meeting, the question of redistributing European borders after the upcoming end of the war was decided. And Churchill and Roosevelt proposed to Stalin: “Joseph Vissarionovich! Give us the Crimea, and for this we will give you a piece of Germany of the same size. ”
                    Stalin thought a little and with his characteristic accent said: “If you guess my riddle, I will give you Krim.”
                    shows Churchill and Roosevelt the three fingers of his left hand: thumb, middle and forefinger. “Which of these three fingers is gray?” Stalin asked.
                    Churchill was surprised at the simplicity of the riddle and grabbed the index finger "Here is the middle one!"
                    “Neeet ..., ne guessed,” answered Stalin.
                    Roosevelt thought that Stalin was cunning, and all five fingers of his hand should be chosen. Therefore, he pointed to the middle finger.
                    “Neeet ... and you ne guessed,” answered Stalin. Then he folded the cookie from the three fingers of his left hand and showed it to Churchill and Roosevelt: “Here it is! Here is our Cream! ”
                    1. Volkhov
                      Volkhov 27 December 2012 08: 42
                      Stalin here, as well as at the train station, "pioneer" is the least qualitative double, Churchill is also not similar, Roosevelt is hardly real, respectively, there are no well-known generals in the background.
                      Negotiations are most likely in Izmailovsky Park in Moscow (there is a round table with an acoustic dome in a large bomb shelter, an underground station, a tank garage) or in Kuibyshev (Samara), and Yalta is more like a classic false object.
                      Any real negotiations require the presence of many consultants, access to archives, powerful communication lines - this is in Moscow and Kuibyshev, but not in Yalta, it would be strange to substitute them by rolling along mountain roads in wartime.
                      1. WW3
                        WW3 27 December 2012 14: 39
                        Quote: Volkhov
                        Stalin here, like at the train station, "pioneer" is the least quality double

                        at which station? photo in the subject from the Livadia Palace (Italian courtyard)

                        Quote: Volkhov
                        but in Yalta, it would be strange to substitute them, rolling along mountain roads in wartime

                        have you been to Livadia? what are we discussing if you were not there? ...
                        February 1945, what kind of power the Luftwaffe could have at that time, the remnants of power, and what kind of Goering's bombers would fly to Yalta, 10 times would have been shot down by our fighters .... there’s no need to rewrite the story, that was ....
                    2. WW3
                      WW3 27 December 2012 14: 57
                      Quote: Volkhov
                      Stalin here, like at the train station, "pioneer" is the least quality double

                      at which station? photo in the subject from the Livadia Palace (Italian courtyard)

                      Quote: Volkhov
                      but in Yalta, it would be strange to substitute them, rolling along mountain roads in wartime

                      have you been to Livadia? what are we discussing if you were not there? ...
                      Quote: Volkhov
                      Yalta, as a real negotiating point, does not fit into either logic or logistics - where to place the security (with air defense and anti-airborne troops) of all 3 parties there?
                      February 1945, what kind of power the Luftwaffe could have at that time, the remnants of power, and what kind of Goering's bombers would fly to Yalta, 10 times would have been shot down by our fighters .... there’s no need to rewrite the story, that was .... what landing? Germany already had agony then ... like Hitler .... look at the maps where the fronts passed ....
                      Vistula-Oder operation. January 12 - February 3, 1945.

                      Yes, and the Allies also did not sit idle .....
                      1. Volkhov
                        Volkhov 27 December 2012 17: 07
                        Quote: WW3
                        at which station? photo in the subject from the Livadia Palace (Italian courtyard)

                        This refers to the photo for the article above, indeed, not the station, but neither Stalin nor Churchill.
                        Quote: WW3
                        February 1945 what kind of power the Luftwaffe could have at that time, remnants of power

                        At the end of 44 high-altitude scouts regularly hung over Moscow, they shot down only 1 and not very immediately, they needed a high-altitude plane, accelerators ...
                        In October, 44 over about. Rugen was tested with a powerful bomb, EMP disconnected from Sweden.
                        At 44, the caliber of shells in a nuclear design dropped from 800 mm (Dora) to 280 mm (Rat).
                        Agony was only in the open part of Germany, and the Reich in February moved to new places and it was the political inappropriateness of disturbing the tranquility of the move, and not the technical impossibility that led to the abandonment of the attack. But the allies could not hope for the prudence of the enemy, so they took security measures.
                        It's just that history is a rather cumbersome systemic lie, and if they said that the negotiations were in Yalta, or the Germans attacked "without declaring war," then they strive to adhere to this constantly, otherwise you will have to rewrite all the scenery, which is extremely time consuming, and when trying to clarify a lie, it usually crumbles.
                      2. WW3
                        WW3 27 December 2012 17: 27
                        Volkhov, you went in cycles without presenting any evidence to the studio ... again February 1945 years Germany is attacked from all sides by the allies .... the clay colossus is staggering ... what is the massive bombing of Yalta and the landing of German troops? laughing
                        The Reich’s nuclear weapons were not ready and tested ... otherwise they would have used ...
                        Dr. Trinks was not even developing a nuclear bomb, but a hydrogen bomb. This work was preserved in a six-page documentary report, “Experiments in the Excitation of Nuclear Reactions with the Explosions”. Trinks repeated attempts to initiate thermonuclear reactions in heavy hydrogen several times, but did not detect the release of radioactive radiation.

                        In January 1944, Heisenberg received cast uranium plates for a large reactor assembly in Berlin, for which a special bunker was being built.

                        The last experiment to obtain a chain reaction was scheduled for January 1945, but on January 31 all the equipment was hurriedly dismantled and sent to southern Germany.

                        German experimental nuclear reactor in Heigerloch, April 1945

                        At the end of February 1945, reactor B VIII arrived from Berlin in the village of Heigerloch near the Swiss border. The reactor consisted of an active zone consisting of 664 cubes of uranium with a total weight of 1525 kg, surrounded by a graphite neutron moderator-reflector weighing 10 tons. In March 1945, another 1,5 tons of heavy water was additionally poured into the core. On March 23, 1945, Professor Gerlach called Berlin and reported that the reactor was operating. But the joy was premature - the reactor failed to reach a critical point. After recalculations, it turned out that the amount of uranium needed to be increased by another 750 kg, and in addition, the amount of heavy water, the reserves of which were no longer left, should be increased. The end of the Third Reich was inexorably approaching, and on April 23 American troops entered Higerloch. The reactor was exported to the USA

                        Quote: Volkhov
                        In October, 44 over about. Rugen was tested by a powerful bomb,

                        In a press release issued for the presentation of the book, Karlsh said: “There is no doubt that the Germans did not have a master plan for creating atomic weapons. But it’s also clear that the Germans were the first to take possession of atomic energy and that in the end, they were able to successfully test the tactical nuclear charge. ” The author honestly admitted that he has no absolute evidence yet. The book of the German historian caused a negative reaction from the scientific community.
                        These are not my cons ....
                      3. Volkhov
                        Volkhov 27 December 2012 19: 53
                        If you were right, now the Reich would not exist, but it is present and expanding.
                        For example, Somali pirates are amazing people whom everyone has seen and who are caught all over the world on anti-submarine ships ... but pirates do not exist as an independent phenomenon. But there are German transport submarines that run from Africa to Iran, and they have been caught since 80 g, since the beginning of the Iran-Iraq war, and it was the transport corridor that ensured the success of Iran. No one saw the boats (in the press), but they are.
                        The Russians are too misinformed, but in order to survive, they must be guided.
                        The Germans already had 38 bombs - Dora’s cannon was designed for a certain caliber for a reason, and after carrying out an explosion in a mine. At 42 there was already an authorized (minister) for atomic energy, at 44 - an electro-nuclear reactor (bell), more advanced than modern, although ancient in design. Heisenberg - a false trail, the mere fact that he was given metal uranium from an underground plant in the Harz would suggest that the plant works not only for him. The Germans in 44 appeared armor-piercing shells with uranium tips (depleted) as a tungsten surrogate - the question is, where did the enriched uranium go? Or did Heisenberg not have enough uranium, but don’t feel sorry for the shells?
  6. old rocket man
    old rocket man 26 December 2012 18: 15
    If Trumzn had been seduced by Churchill’s provocation (and he had such plans, no matter how the United States would howl)Dunkirk It would seem to the British and Yuzam a child’s toy, compared to what Zhukov arranged for them.
    The question is different, then what?
    1. psv_company
      psv_company 26 December 2012 18: 35
      gjsasn c sfnn ossdf faltub, d jngubl !!!
  7. psv_company
    psv_company 26 December 2012 18: 34
    fhbg g gbfgisdlgblsfg s sbbh j fjfjgjfgj !!!
  8. Black
    Black 26 December 2012 22: 26
    Churchill is an enemy, of course, like anyone from the Albion since the time of Ivan the Terrible and today. But one cannot refuse his mind, cunning, insight and love for his country. If we assume that he planned to ATTACK the army, which was victorious and unprecedentedly stronger, superior in manpower and technology, and most importantly, the strongest in spirit and skill .... Then he- !! And Winnie was not a fool.
    I think I didn’t believe Stalin, I was afraid that the Legendary would roll on, bear the banner of communism, moreover, the peoples of Europe, like that girl for marriageable age, were ready, the communists were strong in the Balkans, in Italy, in Greece, in France, in Spain. And he was afraid of this all his life most of all. That's how he could, and prepared for that.
  9. s1н7т
    s1н7т 26 December 2012 23: 08
    This, in general, is not news. But the question is - why did not Stalin take advantage of the situation and move on? Allied commitments are complete nonsense, understandably. Manpower and funds would be enough to get to Churchill. You see, the economy of the USSR with their technologies would be easier to restore laughing Although, if in England the cards were longer than in the Union, then, it turns out, Stalin was still thinking not about world domination, but about his country in the first place?
    Probably, in our history, only Peter the 1st is equal to Stalin.
  10. Magadan
    Magadan 27 December 2012 00: 21
    A big plus for the author. Pay attention - the author is a Jew. Not all Jews, it turns out "Zionists-Anglo-Saxo-Nazis".
    1. 11Goor11
      11Goor11 27 December 2012 14: 56
      Yes! laughing Take for example Onole Wasserman, he is more Russian in his soul than Navalny and others.
  11. sapulid
    sapulid 27 December 2012 00: 34
    Damn, and here the "Nazis". What do the Jews have to do with it? Shit has no nationality. Stop ruining Russia. The Union was destroyed on nationalism. Want to replay?

    Now about the article. The material is not new. The facts were known back in the 70s, when I went to school. It is useful for young people, especially after the Fursenkov reform. Stalin, personality is contradictory in many ways. He did a lot, both good and bad. The main thing that needs to be taken out from the material read is that we have NO FRIENDS AND BROTHERS. THERE ARE ONLY OUR INTERESTS AND TEMPORARY ALLIES TO ACHIEVE THESE GOALS.
    1. 11Goor11
      11Goor11 27 December 2012 15: 00

      This is the ideology of vile Britain, in all its rotten "beauty".
      And what are your interests in our region, dear resident of Ireland?
    GOLUBENKO 27 December 2012 02: 22
    The rebellious Russia always has opponents, be it the struggle of the Communists against the capitalists, the Orthodox against Catholics, the continent against the sea, because they do not want to submit to the center. Then Stalin was in power - a tough man, but he also solved a difficult task, and he dealt with cool people

    Gold words. good
  13. Black
    Black 27 December 2012 08: 06
    Quote: c1n7
    But the question is - why did not Stalin take advantage of the situation and move on?

    Stalin knew about atomic weapons in the hands of America long before Potsdam.