Military Review

Armory - a lane that does not exist

Armory - a lane that does not exist

Architecture - pride and warning

Gunsmith lane - many people walk and drive along it, but not everyone even knows about its existence. If today you ask pictures about Oruzheyny Lane in search engines, then just such photos of the newest Sber-building - the Oruzheyny business center will immediately pop up.

In my opinion, this is quite an outright fake for Stalin's skyscrapers. Business Center "Arms", I do not argue, is impressive and literally soars, more precisely, it reigns over the Miussy and Samotyok, the old Moscow districts, as if there was nothing else here and there is none.

Perhaps it really was worth pushing into the shade both the worn box of the main department of the traffic police and the unconvincing monuments to Mikhail Kalashnikov and Iosif Kobzon. But house 41 was also crushed by the beautiful apartment building of Lobozev, to the creation of which Ernst-Richard Nirnsee himself had a hand.

The architect Nirnsee is the author of the so-called "cloud-cutters" with a height of more than 8 floors, and among them is the famous first Moscow skyscraper in Bolshoy Gnezdnikovsky Lane. Lobozev's house was also once listed as a skyscraper, but from the photo above you can hardly believe it.

The city, like everything else, will digest this architectural horror, but it cannot stand any comparison with either the magnificent Moscow seven - seven sisters, or with Kalinin Avenue. There, the height of the buildings was never an end in itself, they were surrounded by space, which is nothing to dream of at the modern Armory.

However, right there - be so kind, Sadovoye with its eternal stream of cars. On Oruzheyny there is another pearl from architects - later than the Lobozev house, and, of course, built earlier than the Arms business center. This is a residential building in the “none” style, marked on old photos with trolleybuses.

But the apartments in it are quite good, and most importantly, the giant house has a cozy and green courtyard that has not been turned into a parking lot (pictured). Almost everything else on the surviving left side of the lane has been preserved in one way or another, much has been reconstructed, not reverently, but quite acceptable.

From the history of Miuss

For a while, Arms Lane, which received its name, like Rifles, (Alleys of Moscow. Short and "peaceful" Rifle), from another settlement of masters from the Armory, was even listed as a street. She led to Karetnaya Square, the second name of which is Coal. It testifies to the delivery of fuel closer to the city center from Brest, then Aleksandrovsky station, now Belorussky.

The street was infrastructural, and therefore - working, and in the revolutionary days of 1905 it was blocked by barricades (see photo). It was necessary to block the path of the Life Guards to the Semyonov Regiment, which arrived on a punitive mission from St. Petersburg and advanced towards the Miussy and Gruzinsky Wall in order to reach the flank and rear of the insurgent Presnya.

By that time, Boris Pasternak had been born in house number 3 on Arms, but instead of a memorial museum, the house received an attic, which did not decorate it at all and, most likely, will be demolished. Further on, on the corner with Fadeeva Street, the so-called NKVD house with an expensive clinic and other tenants on the ground floor has been brought into relative order.

Today, the lane ends with a square with the already mentioned monument to Joseph Kobzon, where there used to be low-rise buildings. And among other things - a house on the corner of Krasnoproletarskaya Street, about which a little lower. This street, before being renamed in honor of the Krasny Proletarian printing house, was Pimenovskaya, after the temple of the same name.

Even earlier, when settlements and villages were located immediately behind the Garden Ring, it was just a continuation of Karetny Ryad. Now, the corner with Sadovoy is adorned with an office building, once reconstructed and restored according to an avant-garde project of the 30s for the Caterpillar company. Today, VimpelCom has settled there.

On the contrary, even before the Caterpillars, in the early 1980s, a house was demolished, which was not very well filmed in the last shots of Mikhail Kozakov’s iconic Pokrovsky Gates. The modest building at the corner of Arms and Krasnoproletarskaya had nothing to do with the mansion on Nashchokinsky Lane, turned into a communal apartment, where the heroes of the film settled.

Understudy Sadovo-Triumfalnaya

In the distant past, when there were still gardens on the Garden Ring, Armory Lane lived, as it were, on its own. At the very first expansion of Sadovoye, he almost disappeared into it, and when the Mayakovsky tunnel was pierced under Gorky Street and Triumfalnaya Square, he completely turned into a reversal understudy of the ring.

The houses on the Armory remained in fact only on one of the sides - the odd left. The only one on the right, where the alley begins, with Il-Patio and the Interfax agency, is only listed under the second number along the alley, but it is perceived exactly as a house on Tverskaya.

A fairly large square between Armory and Sadovo-Triumfalnaya was well renovated with obligatory Mayor's tiles on the paths and even preserved trees and shrubs. However, it is inhabited mainly by dog ​​walkers, walkers and homeless people, since you can get to it only by crossing the highway, which is always full of cars.

The lane begins with a set of good establishments that change here with unenviable regularity and become more and more expensive every year, while clearly losing popularity. Previously, after press conferences at Interfax, troops from the writing and filming brethren always landed here. Now the press is a rarity, and the "paratroopers" are not visible.

Silent courtyards

Not to say that cultural life has ever been in full swing at the Armory - even as an understudy for Sadovoy, it is considered quiet. In addition, the neighborhood with Triumfalnaya Square, the Tchaikovsky Hall, theaters and the Peking restaurant also affects. Only the Museum of Music on Fadeeva Street, a stone's throw from the Armory, does not stop its active work, where excursions are supplemented by regular concerts of a very different plan.

But the courtyards in the depths of the Armory with traditional Moscow gates have somehow become quiet these days. Half of the passages today are blocked by fences and barriers, and they are used exclusively by locals who are sure that they will not wander into a dead end or into a yard-well, like in St. Petersburg.

Previously, the local Tversky-Yamsky streets and lanes were enlivened by those who visited patients at the N. N. Burdenko Research Institute of Neurosurgery, and the embassy public, here the Czech and Slovak quarters are nearby. Now there are few patients, and many diplomats have moved out. In this regard, several nice pubs and cafes were closed not far from the Armory.

Not in the courtyards and the flow of the public, which moved from Tverskaya and Mayakovka to the Palace of Pioneers on Miusskaya Square. Students with Miuss - from Mendeleevka and RSUH in the direction of Mayakovka, and therefore - Arms Lane, almost never go. Much closer is the lively and cozy Novoslobodskaya metro station with a full range of shops and cheap, by capital standards, of course, cafes.
Photos used:

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  1. Lech from Android.
    Lech from Android. 14 January 2023 05: 03
    Modern new buildings and microdistricts in megacities are some kind of horror ... request no creative taste ... you clearly understand this when you get into the towns surrounding Moscow ... everything there breathes with history and some kind of originality inherent only to them.
    Our main architects lack artistic artistry in their work ... to be talked about in 100 years, these houses were built, for example, by the famous architect Penkin.
    1. podymych
      14 January 2023 08: 16
      Thank you for the kind words, but I would very much like to learn more about Penkin. By occupation, once - 15 years as a designer, had a lot of business with good architects, but what is this - a meme?
      1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
        Kote Pan Kokhanka 15 January 2023 09: 13
        Thank you for the article!
        She led to Karetnaya Square, the second name of which is Coal.

        I met in the artistic historical literature the phrase "Carriage corner". Isn't it about him?
        1. podymych
          15 January 2023 13: 01
          It is the same - Karetny Ryad just led to the Karetny corner with Sadovaya, turn from the center to the right and today - as if specially for the dashing. But, only to Coal Square, which is no longer on Sadovoye, but at the end of Armory, at this corner - it seems, there is no direct relationship.
      2. Eule
        Eule 15 January 2023 11: 45
        There is a lack of information about archaeological finds during construction. Haven't they found any lost tools of 16th century gunsmiths in all the years?
    2. Architect
      Architect 14 January 2023 18: 04
      Dormitory areas generally cause horror after the occupation of Moscow by PIK.
    3. your1970
      your1970 14 January 2023 18: 35
      Quote: Lech from Android.
      Modern new buildings and microdistricts in megacities are some kind of horror ... no creative taste ..

      There was a high in Paris when Eiffel piled up his strut...
      And here you go....
    4. Konnick
      Konnick 15 January 2023 05: 12
      Modern new buildings and microdistricts in megacities are some kind of horror ...

      But once upon a time, architects dreamed of garden cities. Dubovskoy and Shekhtel dreamed of small towns with low-rise buildings...
      I really like Shkolnaya and Zavodskaya streets in the city of Vidnoye, which were designed by Boris Efimovich, an adherent of the idea of ​​garden cities. But the beginning of the construction of the garden city began under Stalin, and ended with the arrival of Khrushchev, who said - enough to build German

      And this is dumb

      An ordinary working village at the factory. And that's how we were supposed to live.
      There is a special contrast at the beginning of Shkolnaya Street, where on one side there is "non-metchina", and on the other - "Khrushchevism".
      Whether with our expanses to build skyscrapers?
      1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
        Kote Pan Kokhanka 15 January 2023 09: 22
        The problem of our town-planning "idea" is the "General Plan". Raised to something "unattainable", and therefore sacred, he is rudely trampled by people involved in him for a small and no small bribe!!!
        In principle, I remember only one case when the developers cut off the "sturgeon" in Yekaterinburg. Yes, yes - this is the case when, instead of a historical square, "philanthropists" proposed to build several business and shopping centers on the banks of the Iset River and so that the society would shut up the "temple". After that, we became a city - "Demons"! laughing
      2. Eule
        Eule 15 January 2023 11: 48
        Quote: Konnick
        dreamed of garden cities.

        Protvino, where near the bus stop in the city center - a swamp and frogs yelling in the spring, isn't it? Look at wikimapia for it.
        Fryazino was the same garden city, but it was stuffed with high-rise buildings in the former backyard gardens. Pushchino is also interestingly built.
  2. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 14 January 2023 06: 35
    With interest I read already 3 or 4 articles on the topic of old streets, lanes. When reading, you begin to remember those streets and alleys that you ran in your childhood, assuming that you live in a big city. And when, after many years, by chance, you find yourself in those places, you are surprised to find that the town is not so big and the streets are not so wide and the houses have "aged". To be honest, such articles have a positive effect on a person, give him the opportunity to once again plunge into those distant times of his childhood when he climbed trees with friends, shot from a slingshot, "went" into other people's gardens ... In a word, he lived a carefree and adventure-filled life child.
    1. Alien From
      Alien From 14 January 2023 13: 07
      I join 100 percent with your opinion, this series of articles on indigenous maskals caresses the mind and look wink
  3. setter
    setter 14 January 2023 09: 10
    The house that is being demolished in the film "Pokrovsky Gates" is house number 47 on Arms Lane.

    On the left - as it was, on the right - as it became.
  4. 3x3zsave
    3x3zsave 14 January 2023 12: 16
    courtyard-well, like the one in St. Petersburg.
    You won't just get there either.
  5. Aviator_
    Aviator_ 14 January 2023 14: 26
    A good series of articles, respect to the author. Although I am not a local, for more than 50 years I have been staying close to the "Exemplary communist city - the hero of Moscow" (as they said about it on the carriage broadcast when the train arrived at the Kazan station in the 70s).
  6. Keer
    Keer 14 January 2023 21: 24
    In place of the "build" was Diagon Alley, with a nice Art Nouveau quarter. In the second half of the 70s, for some reason, he was evicted and demolished nafig. Then there was a wasteland behind a fence for twenty years.
  7. Lech from Android.
    Lech from Android. 15 January 2023 05: 22
    Quote: Konnick
    An ordinary working village at the factory. And that's how we were supposed to live.

    They stepped on a sore spot ... crying
    I think it is more profitable for government officials to crowd people in dense high-rise buildings and skyscrapers ... it is easier to collect big money from the population ...
    There was an article on the internet about this ... or about Manturov what... this comrade advocates the demolition of low-rise buildings and the construction of urbanized settlements ... with all their problems in the future.
    Quote: podymych
    As for Penkin, I would very much like to learn more.

    It's just a figurative expression... summarizing talented architects. hi
    1. Eule
      Eule 15 January 2023 11: 53
      Quote: Lech from Android.
      problems in the future

      Already past and present. Look for teenage gangs in Kazan in the 1980s. And now this is being built everywhere - a microdistrict is being built, young families from migrants are populating it in one gulp and having children almost simultaneously. In 13-15 years there will be very serious problems. Since there will be no legal leisure for these teenagers.
      "Khrushchevs" were designed with an eye on the experience of the United States - so that the density of the "children's part of the population" would not allow the emergence of teenage gangs, which are inevitable near 22-story buildings.
  8. M-V-K
    M-V-K 16 January 2023 17: 20
    I live in one of the many antediluvian houses that have become elite in our time, on a gravity-carriage, thanks for the post. I love this area. The monument to Kalashnikov is a remake, to Kobzon it seems like a completely remake - it was installed {it seems} in the fall of 22. The controversial monument to Vysotsky (also fresh), not in Bolshoi Karetny (although there is nowhere, of course) but at the intersection of Petrovka with boulevards. The modern-Gothic megalith Armory - sends straight to Gottham City, and it’s not a fact that it’s harmful to the area ... Although in those days when it was built, and it seems to have lasted 8-10 years, I had to live on Dolgorukovskaya, 2, right opposite , and all this dirt, frankly, caused a lot of bad emotions towards the city authorities and close associates)