Military Review

German captured equipment, which was popular in the Red Army during the Great Patriotic War

44
German captured equipment, which was popular in the Red Army during the Great Patriotic War

During any major armed conflict, the warring parties receive enemy equipment as trophies. Then this weapon, if it can be restored, turns against its former owners.


Naturally, the Great Patriotic War was no exception, during which the soldiers of the Red Army managed to capture hundreds tanks, self-propelled guns of other enemy armored vehicles. At the same time, according to some reports, Soviet enterprises managed to restore about 800 units of enemy equipment.

If we consider all the trophies in terms of popularity, then the medium tanks of the Wehrmacht Panzerkampfwagen III were in the greatest demand among the soldiers of the Red Army. Soviet tankers especially appreciated the simplicity of this vehicle, high-quality observation devices, a walkie-talkie and a good speed, which reached 60 km / h.

The second line of the rating, so to speak, was occupied by the StuG III self-propelled guns. However, it is possible that the self-propelled gun would have “surpassed” the Panzerkampfwagen III, but it was extremely rare as a trophy.

The third most popular was the Panzerkampfwagen IV. Tellingly, in operation this medium tank was even simpler than its predecessor, but for some reason did not take root in the Red Army.

Finally, the "Tigers" and "Panthers" close the rating. These captured vehicles were used mainly for defense and as "tank destroyers". For offensive operations by the Soviet troops, they were not used because of their "sluggishness" and "gluttony".

After the war, captured German equipment was used mainly for training and as targets. In total, the Red Army had 533 of these machines at its disposal - by the end of the war.

However, already in the spring of 1946, all German equipment captured during the war was decommissioned.

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  1. Nexcom
    Nexcom 5 December 2022 19: 50
    +11
    Why only about tanks then? Opel Blitz was even respected by Soviet drivers as a trophy. True, Studer US6 was loved more - throughput and high-torque - even dragged overload and did not show off.

    I won’t even talk about the rifleman - the MG 42 has always been a coveted trophy - it was never considered superfluous. It was easier for Maksimka to carry everything in different ways. German pistols also loved to trophy.
    1. Catfish
      Catfish 5 December 2022 20: 01
      +6
      Our fighters also treated the German machine guns with respect.



      1. hohol95
        hohol95 5 December 2022 20: 39
        +4
        Near Stalingrad, Italian "Breds" were used!
        If there are few machine guns of your own, and the enemy also "left" cartridges - why not use it!
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 5 December 2022 21: 15
          +3
          True, but the machine gunner was much worse than the German ones, but without fish ...

          1. hohol95
            hohol95 5 December 2022 22: 15
            +3
            Czechoslovak "products" were also in "demand" among the soldiers of the Red Army!
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 5 December 2022 22: 25
              +2
              Well, the Czechs are a well-known thing, there was a demand for them and all over the world, they bought, stole, copied ...
              ZB-30 (ZB-26)

              1. Altmann
                Altmann 7 December 2022 23: 48
                +3
                In 1938, the Czechoslovak army was ready for battle. We had good weapons and we wanted to fight. France and England betrayed us, and we capitulated or were forced to capitulate by the Munich Agreement. Only the USSR was ready to come to our aid. However, the Poles prevented this. am
                1. Catfish
                  Catfish 7 December 2022 23: 57
                  +1
                  I have no doubt that if it were not for the betrayal, everything would have been different. Russia remembers General Ludwig Svoboda and the battle path that the 1st Czechoslovak Separate Infantry Brigade passed under his command. soldier


                  I don't want to talk about the Poles, hyenas or jackals, one word - scavengers.
    2. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I 5 December 2022 20: 05
      +2
      Duc and German artillery were respected by the "Red Army"! Especially anti-aircraft guns and anti-aircraft guns! And in the first post-war years, they were in service, and the "allies" were supplied!
    3. t200404
      t200404 10 December 2022 18: 48
      0
      The issue of trophies is always a matter of spare parts, and with them the Germans were not very different from the same lend-lease.
  2. ved_med12
    ved_med12 5 December 2022 20: 13
    -4
    And the most popular were probably "shmasser"!
    1. Nexcom
      Nexcom 5 December 2022 20: 36
      +2
      if you are talking about MP38-MP40, then no. On the contrary, the German did not disdain our PPSh. Here is the Stg.44 - a completely different class of weapon - one of the first under an intermediate cartridge.
      1. agoran
        agoran 5 December 2022 21: 29
        0
        In the old days in Koenig, I had a Stg.44 found without a shutter.
        As it seemed to me at the time very heavy.
        1. mat-vey
          mat-vey 10 December 2022 15: 28
          +1
          Quote: agoran
          As it seemed to me at the time very heavy.

          It didn't seem... smile
      2. mat-vey
        mat-vey 10 December 2022 15: 27
        0
        Quote: Nexcom
        one of the first under an intermediate cartridge.

        But with cartridges, there were just problems ... They didn’t have time to make them, they were often in short supply ..
    2. Strannik96
      Strannik96 5 December 2022 20: 50
      0
      Schmeisers were banned, my father told me, he was in front-line reconnaissance, they were comfortable, clips fit into boots with difficulty, but the sound knocked ours, the Fritz thought somewhere nearby. the Fritz had specially bell-shaped boots for clips
      1. Catfish
        Catfish 5 December 2022 21: 12
        +5
        Boots with wide tops were by no means sewn in order to carry spare magazines for submachine guns in them, there were special pouches for magazines, and there was only one P / P for an infantry platoon, a non-commissioned officer.
        1. tihonmarine
          tihonmarine 5 December 2022 21: 39
          +3
          Quote: Sea Cat
          Boots with wide tops were by no means sewn in order to carry spare magazines for submachine guns in them.

          Good evening Konstantin.
          The boys have seen enough of our films about the Germans, where the stores are behind the tops. I think if I ran a couple of kilometers, my legs would fall off.
          1. Catfish
            Catfish 5 December 2022 21: 55
            +3
            Good evening, Vlad. smile

            The boys have seen enough of our films about the Germans


            Precisely, this is just some kind of scourge, many people judge books by the films on which these films are staged. Yes, even a TV ... In short, "Cinema and the Germans." wassat
        2. solar
          solar 5 December 2022 21: 49
          +1
          More like four or five. The commanders of squads, the castle platoon and the platoon commander himself could have.
          1. Catfish
            Catfish 5 December 2022 21: 57
            +2
            It’s quite possible that you need to look at the staff and weapons in different years of the war, but you don’t feel like climbing, this is generally a topic for a separate article, so you would do it, Sergey. smile
          2. seacap
            seacap 6 December 2022 10: 55
            +1
            It also depended on the type of troops paratroopers, fleet, tankers, etc. As for the store behind the top, you just need to turn on your head, try to put a few kilograms of angular and dangling pieces of iron into your boots, run at least 100 m, you will be in the medical unit at the finish line, and by the evening, by decision of the military field court, you will be shot for self-mutilation, at best at the stage in the penal battalion.
        3. The comment was deleted.
        4. tihonmarine
          tihonmarine 5 December 2022 21: 51
          0
          Quote: Sea Cat
          there were special pouches for shops

          This is what the pouches looked like:
      2. vova1973
        vova1973 6 December 2022 16: 24
        +1
        you shove something in the top of your boot and walk around - an epic storyteller
      3. mat-vey
        mat-vey 10 December 2022 15: 32
        0
        Quote: Strannik96
        the Fritz had specially bell-shaped boots for clips

        Extended tops of marching boots for quick donning on alarm..
    3. solar
      solar 5 December 2022 21: 58
      +1
      Many write that some pistols were valued as a trophy - the "officer Walther" Walther P38, for example. Sometimes Walter PPK also came across, also a welcome thing.
      Those who dealt with the Italians liked the Beretta (then Semyon Semenych Gorbunkov wore this :))
      1. Aviator_
        Aviator_ 10 December 2022 17: 00
        +1
        that as a trophy, some pistols were valued - "officer Walther" Walther P38,
        My father did not have to choose - for a navigator, the Parabellum was not bad either. The German, whom he shot while clearing a farm near the airfield, tried to hit him from Parabellum. But PPSh turned out to be better in this situation. My father threw the trophy into the mouth of the Amur even before I was born.
        1. solar
          solar 11 December 2022 00: 15
          -1
          And Parabellum is pretty good. For a pistol, there was little need for cartridges, it was easier to hide (it was required to hand over). Grandfather brought a German dagger from the front. Unfortunately, he buried it somewhere, without telling anyone where, in Soviet times there could be problems with this.
  3. hohol95
    hohol95 5 December 2022 20: 36
    +2
    "The Panzerkampfwagen IV became the third most popular. Tellingly, this medium tank was even simpler than its predecessor in operation, but for some reason did not take root in the Red Army."
    Veterans who served in the crews of captured Pz.IVs noted difficulties with refueling the tank and uncomfortable working conditions for the driver !!!
    And the most unpleasant were the shelling from their own troops !!!
    At the same time, the cars were painted in Soviet green with large red stars for identification.
    1. solar
      solar 5 December 2022 21: 32
      +1
      There were also problems with the shelling of tanks delivered under lend-lease, especially if the neighbors were not warned about this in advance. They fired at an unfamiliar silhouette.
      1. hohol95
        hohol95 5 December 2022 22: 41
        +2
        And everyone fired at the familiar silhouettes and with joy ...
        The "Tiger" shot the "Panther", the Soviet artillery shot their own tanks at the "Khalkhin Gol" - friendly fire has survived to this day ...
  4. veteran tanker
    veteran tanker 5 December 2022 21: 07
    +1
    After the war, captured German equipment was used mainly for training and as targets. In total, the Red Army had 533 of these machines at its disposal - by the end of the war.
    However, already in the spring of 1946, all German equipment captured during the war was decommissioned.

    This is not entirely true, after the war, most of these tanks were transferred to the Armed Forces of such countries as: Syria, Israel, Bulgaria, France, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, Iran, Iraq.
    These tanks were used in the Middle East conflicts, often on both sides, and in the former Yugoslavia until 2000.
    1. Catfish
      Catfish 5 December 2022 22: 06
      +1
      These tanks were used in the Middle East conflicts


      Quite right, they have been used with great success.

      Here is a very famous photo, although for some reason the BTR-152 was cut off here.

  5. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 5 December 2022 21: 09
    0
    The third most popular was the Panzerkampfwagen IV. Tellingly, in operation, this medium tank was even simpler than its predecessor, but for some reason it didn't stick in the Red Army.
    Was captured without service regulations?
  6. solar
    solar 5 December 2022 21: 30
    0

    After the war, captured German equipment was used mainly for training and as targets.

    It's a pity. Filmmakers would be very useful, they would not have to sculpt plywood.
    1. Catfish
      Catfish 5 December 2022 22: 00
      +3
      But who thought about it then, but now the devils hang crosses on what. smile

      And not only with us.


      1. TIR
        TIR 10 December 2022 11: 52
        +1
        More often, German tanks were molded from the T-54. It was especially ridiculous to deal with rollers, when they tried to make Tigers and Panthers with their chess suspension out of their dear T-54
  7. agoran
    agoran 5 December 2022 21: 39
    +1
    I read the memoirs of a motorist officer. There was a lot of captured equipment from different countries.
    They used different ones, but the drivers, if there was a choice, took German trucks. With normal maintenance, they served without failures, and spare parts could be obtained. There was something interesting in one of the stories: next to one of the farmsteads (this is a type of a separate estate / farm) there was a broken German truck, the driver looked - dismantled, went to the burgher and exchanged a carburetor for the truck for a can of stew.,
  8. Losyara
    Losyara 5 December 2022 22: 54
    +1
    Interestingly, are there any surviving reviews on aircraft? I once read the memoirs of a fighter veteran, he spoke very positively about the Fokker 190. He wrote that ours did not really like to mess with them in battle, compared to Be109. Why is this remembered?
    1. Aviator_
      Aviator_ 10 December 2022 17: 06
      0
      Interestingly, are there any surviving reviews on aircraft?
      There is. So in the memoirs of polar pilots A.A. Lebedev and I.P. Mazuruk is about the emergency landing of the captured Condor on drifting ice near Baydaratskaya Bay in 1948.
  9. Illanatol
    Illanatol 10 December 2022 08: 36
    0
    The third most popular was the Panzerkampfwagen IV. Tellingly, in operation this medium tank was even simpler than its predecessor, but for some reason did not take root in the Red Army.


    By that time, there were enough of their medium tanks. But in the initial period of the war, the German T-3 was really in demand.
  10. Illanatol
    Illanatol 10 December 2022 08: 38
    0
    Quote: ved_med12
    And the most popular were probably "shmasser"!


    No, messers laughing . And German PPs are farts, by and large. PPSh or PPS - definitely cooler.
    1. TIR
      TIR 10 December 2022 11: 58
      0
      PPS was better than PPSh. But my grandfather was a submachine gunner in a tank regiment. Stalins were the main tanks in the regiment. It seems like the regiment was directly subordinate to the headquarters and had its own infantry cover. It was at the beginning of the war that in the tank units there were no infantry of their own at all. That's why our tanks got there. And at the end of the Second World War, motorized infantry already appeared in tank units. They didn't move on foot. Everything was in transport. Especially the supply was well established
  11. t200404
    t200404 10 December 2022 18: 41
    0
    Well, the article. There is a book of trophies of the Red Army, like a Kolomiyets, for all the time there may have been one tiger, and then in question, and where does voracity come into play ????? Laugh ! If the author is serious about the issue, then it was necessary to mention the su 76 and as an example of the most massive use of German materiel