Military Review

"Object 150": The world's first and only rocket tank put into service

21
"Object 150": The world's first and only rocket tank put into service

After the end of World War II, in many armies of the world, the opinion was entrenched that the future of artillery was in rockets. Consequently, it is advisable to use missiles not only from attack aircraft and wheeled chassis.


So, in 1957, the USSR began work on the project "Object 150" or "Fighter tanks", which later received the name IT-1 "Dragon".

The combat vehicle was created by the UVZ design bureau on the basis of the T-62 medium tank. The main feature of the new tank was the absence of a cannon, which was replaced by a launcher that allows firing at enemy armored vehicles with 3M7 Dragon missiles.

The crew of the "unusual tank without a gun" consisted of three people: a commander, a driver and a gunner-operator.

The armament of the new vehicle was represented by a retractable guided missile system. weapons with a loading mechanism for 12 controlled 3M7 "Dragon", as well as PKT (Kalashnikov tank machine gun).

The firing range of the "Object 150" reached 3 km during the day, and 600 meters at night.

Without additional fuel tanks, the IT-1 could travel up to 470 km along the highway, reaching a speed of up to 50 km/h.

"Tank Destroyer" showed good results during the tests and was put into service in 1968. However, the very concept of rocket tanks in the Soviet army, as well as in the troops of other countries, did not take root.

IT-1 was in operation until 1972. In total, 190 "tank destroyers" were produced in the USSR.

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  1. Aerodrome
    Aerodrome 1 December 2022 17: 17
    +5
    "Object 150": The world's first and only rocket tank put into service
    Soviet concepts will be enough for another hundred years, despite the destroying education system.
  2. Igor Borisov_2
    Igor Borisov_2 1 December 2022 17: 20
    +1
    I wonder what reload speed he had?
  3. Aaron Zawi
    Aaron Zawi 1 December 2022 17: 22
    +3
    https://topwar.ru/90298-izrailskiy-raketnyy-tank-pereh.html
    1. vovochkarzhevsky
      vovochkarzhevsky 1 December 2022 17: 44
      +3
      This one would be much better.
      =================================
      1. YOUR
        YOUR 2 December 2022 13: 18
        +1
        What's better? And how did he show himself in the NWO?
        1. vovochkarzhevsky
          vovochkarzhevsky 2 December 2022 13: 50
          -2
          At least the fact that it does not have an imitation of cannon weapons, but quite real. Therefore, it can act in conjunction with tanks, and not trail in the second echelon.
          1. YOUR
            YOUR 2 December 2022 14: 13
            +1
            The dragon acted together with tanks, in one line
            1. vovochkarzhevsky
              vovochkarzhevsky 2 December 2022 14: 18
              0
              And what's the point of keeping it in line with the tanks? And who was the enemy, again the Arabs?
              1. YOUR
                YOUR 2 December 2022 14: 24
                +1
                Arabs have Americans and Israelis. What will you be from?
                1. vovochkarzhevsky
                  vovochkarzhevsky 2 December 2022 16: 02
                  0
                  In general, the conversation was about the Israeli car, the "dragon" in general.
    2. Catfish
      Catfish 1 December 2022 18: 42
      +1
      Good evening Aaron. hi

      Do you mean "Onager"? So he is quite a full-fledged tank, after all, he has a gun.

      By the way, the letter V on board the machine vaguely reminds me of something. wink
      1. Aaron Zawi
        Aaron Zawi 1 December 2022 19: 58
        +2
        Quote: Sea Cat
        Good evening Aaron. hi

        Do you mean "Onager"? So he is quite a full-fledged tank, after all, he has a gun.

        By the way, the letter V on board the machine vaguely reminds me of something. wink

        It's not a gun. wink And the tower only outwardly resembles a tank one.
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 1 December 2022 20: 04
          +1
          It's not a gun. And the tower only outwardly resembles a tank one.

          Missile launcher? belay
          1. Aaron Zawi
            Aaron Zawi 1 December 2022 20: 25
            +2
            Quote: Sea Cat
            It's not a gun. And the tower only outwardly resembles a tank one.

            Missile launcher? belay

            Wood imitation. wink
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 1 December 2022 20: 36
              +1
              Masking the true "face", of course. Like how our tankers fixed an empty bucket at the muzzle of the T-34-85, causing panic in the Krauts that the IS-2s were attacking. smile
              1. Aaron Zawi
                Aaron Zawi 1 December 2022 20: 58
                +2
                Quote: Sea Cat
                Masking the true "face", of course. Like how our tankers fixed an empty bucket at the muzzle of the T-34-85, causing panic in the Krauts that the IS-2s were attacking. smile

                soldier
  4. mark1
    mark1 1 December 2022 17: 33
    +2
    Well, in fact, this is not a tank, but a self-propelled tank support ATGM, because it is much less versatile and is not able to independently and effectively perform many tasks inherent in conventional tanks (for example, infantry escort)
  5. solar
    solar 1 December 2022 18: 13
    +1
    Tank armor and the open location of the rocket do not mix well with each other.
    1. YOUR
      YOUR 2 December 2022 13: 24
      +2
      The rocket advanced before firing. For those years it was a breakthrough. Now it’s about the same, the armor is lighter than Chrysanthemum, based on the BMP-3.
      For some reason, they are not mentioned at all in the NWO.
  6. mat-vey
    mat-vey 2 December 2022 09: 51
    0
    As for "adopted for service", it is quite possible, but that the first one is definitely not. RBT-5 is the first and also seems to be the only one ..
  7. Vladimir Dmitrievich Burtsev
    Vladimir Dmitrievich Burtsev 4 December 2022 15: 57
    0
    As part of an auxiliary combat unit, such vehicles are simply necessary in every armored military unit. You just need to install another air defense system on the car. I propose to name the car like this: "Death to the fascist invaders!" Because any enemy military equipment on the ground, in the air and on the water, such a machine will crash without any problems!